Results for 'Theresa Waynand Tobin'

582 found
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  1.  11
    The Non-Modularity of Moral Knowledge.Theresa Waynand Tobin - 2005 - Social Philosophy Today 21:33-50.
    Many contemporary human rights theorists argue that we can establish the normative universality of human rights despite extensive cultural and moral diversity by appealing to the notion of overlapping consensus. In this paper I argue that proposals to ground the universality of human rights in overlapping consensus on the list of rights are unsuccessful. I consider an example from Islamic comprehensive doctrine in order to demonstrate that apparent consensus on the list of rights may not in fact constitute meaningful agreement (...)
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  2.  55
    On Their Own Ground: Strategies of Resistance for Sunni Muslim Women.Theresa Weynand Tobin - 2007 - Hypatia 22 (3):152-174.
    : Drawing from work in feminist moral philosophy, Tobin argues that the most common methodology used in practical ethics is a questionable methodology for addressing practical problems across diverse cultural contexts because the kind of impartiality it requires is neither feasible nor desirable. She then defends an alternative methodology for practical ethics in a global context and uses her proposed methodology to evaluate a problem that confronts many Sunni Muslim women around the world.
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  3.  14
    On Their Own Ground: Strategies of Resistance for Sunni Muslim Women.Theresa Weynand Tobin - 2007 - Hypatia 22 (3):152-174.
    Drawing from work in feminist moral philosophy, Tobin argues that the most common methodology used in practical ethics is a questionable methodology for addressing practical problems across diverse cultural contexts because the kind of impartiality it requires is neither feasible nor desirable. She then defends an alternative methodology for practical ethics in a global context and uses her proposed methodology to evaluate a problem that confronts many Sunni Muslim women around the world.
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  4.  13
    On Their Own Ground: Strategies of Resistance for Sunni Muslim Women.Theresa Weynand Tobin - 2007 - Hypatia 22 (3):152-174.
    Drawing from work in feminist moral philosophy, Tobin argues that the most common methodology used in practical ethics is a questionable methodology for addressing practical problems across diverse cultural contexts because the kind of impartiality it requires is neither feasible nor desirable. She then defends an alternative methodology for practical ethics in a global context and uses her proposed methodology to evaluate a problem that confronts many Sunni Muslim women around the world.
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  5.  29
    Sunsets and Solidarity: Overcoming Sacramental Shame in Conservative Christian Churches to Forge a Queer Vision of Love and Justice.Dawne Moon & Theresa Weynand Tobin - 2018 - Hypatia 33 (3):451-468.
    Drawing from our interdisciplinary qualitative study of LGBTI conservative Christians and their allies, we name an especially toxic form of shame—what we call sacramental shame—that affects the lives of LGBTI and other conservative Christians. Sacramental shame results from conservative Christianity's allegiance to the doctrine of gender complementarity, which elevates heteronormativity to the level of the sacred and renders those who violate it as not persons, but monsters. In dispensing shame as a sacrament, nonaffirming Christians require constant displays of shame as (...)
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  6. Situating Moral Justification: Rethinking the Mission of Moral Epistemology.Alison M. Jaggar & Theresa W. Tobin - 2013 - Metaphilosophy 44 (4):383-408.
    This is the first of two companion articles drawn from a larger project, provisionally entitled Undisciplining Moral Epistemology. The overall goal is to understand how moral claims may be rationally justified in a world characterized by cultural diversity and social inequality. To show why a new approach to moral justification is needed, it is argued that several currently influential philosophical accounts of moral justification lend themselves to rationalizing the moral claims of those with more social power. The present article explains (...)
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  7.  94
    Naturalizing Moral Justification: Rethinking the Method of Moral Epistemology.Theresa W. Tobin & Alison M. Jaggar - 2013 - Metaphilosophy 44 (4):409-439.
    The companion piece to this article, “Situating Moral Justification,” challenges the idea that moral epistemology's mission is to establish a single, all-purpose reasoning strategy for moral justification because no reasoning practice can be expected to deliver authoritative moral conclusions in all social contexts. The present article argues that rethinking the mission of moral epistemology requires rethinking its method as well. Philosophers cannot learn which reasoning practices are suitable to use in particular contexts exclusively by exploring logical relations among concepts. Instead, (...)
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  8.  26
    Globalizing Feminist Methodology: Building on Schwartzman's Challenging Liberalism.Theresa W. Tobin - 2009 - Hypatia 24 (4):145-164.
    A literary criticism is presented of the book "Challenging Liberalism: Feminism As Political Critique," by Lisa Schwartzman, in response to a symposium devoted to her book. The author comments on feminist theory's criticism of liberalism and the potential for feminist methodology to address the oppression of women globally. Topics include the argument for women's rights as human rights and criticism of the women's rights movement by African scholars, as well as a discussion of the Massai tribe.
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  9.  21
    The Politics of Shame in the Motivation to Virtue: Lessons From the Shame, Pride, and Humility Experiences of LGBT Conservative Christians and Their Allies.Theresa W. Tobin & Dawne Moon - 2019 - Journal of Moral Education 48 (1):109-125.
    ABSTRACTPhilosophical views defending shame as a catalyst for moral virtue are at odds with empirical data indicating that shame often yields psychologically unhealthy responses for those who feel it, and often motivates in them morally worse action than whatever occasioned the initial shame experience. Our interdisciplinary ethnographic study analyzes the shame experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender conservative Christians and the church members who once shamed them but are now allies. In this context, shame, humility, and proper pride work (...)
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  10.  33
    The Relevance of Trust for Moral Justification.Theresa Weynand Tobin - 2011 - Social Theory and Practice 37 (4):599-628.
    In this paper, I argue that relationships of trust are often necessary for moral justification. Even if a moral claim is likely to be true, it may not be adequately justified, and thus may not have normative force, unless those who are to accept the claim have good reason to believe that the one entering the claim is a trustworthy moral interlocutor. The complexity of moral knowledge coupled with differences among people in moral experience, capacities for moral perception, and reasoning (...)
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  11.  38
    Using Rights to Counter “Gender-Specific” Wrongs.Theresa W. Tobin - 2008 - Human Rights Review 10 (4):521-530.
    One popular strategy of opposition to practices of female genital cutting (FCG) is rooted in the global feminist movement. Arguing that women’s rights are human rights, global feminists contend that practices of FGC are a culturally specific manifestation of gender-based oppression that violates a number of rights. Many African feminists resist a women’s rights approach. They argue that by focusing on gender as the primary axis of oppression affecting the African communities where FGC occurs, a women’s rights approach has misrepresented (...)
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  12.  5
    Religious Faith in the Unjust Meantime: The Spiritual Violence of Clergy Sexual Abuse.Theresa W. Tobin - 2019 - Feminist Philosophy Quarterly 5 (2).
    Clergy sexual abuse is both sexual and psychological violence, but it is also a paradigmatic case of spiritual violence that rises to the level of religious trauma. In this paper I argue that the spiritual violence of clergy sexual abuse diminishes, and in some cases may even destroy, a survivor’s capacities for religious faith or other forms of spiritual engagement. I use and illustrate the value of feminist methodology, as developed and advanced by Alison Jaggar, for generating and pursuing philosophical (...)
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  13.  59
    Toward an Epistemology of Mysticism: Knowing God as Mystery.Theresa Weynand Tobin - 2010 - International Philosophical Quarterly 50 (2):221-241.
    While some philosophers suggest that mystical experience may provide evidence for belief in God, skeptics doubt that there is adequate warrant for even accepting the claim of a mystical experience as evidence for anything, except perhaps for some kind of mental instability. Drawing from the work of Gabriel Marcel, I argue that the pervasive philosophical skepticism about the evidential status of mystical experiences is misguided because it rests on too narrow a view about ways of knowing and about what can (...)
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  14.  29
    Global Feminist Ethics. Edited by Rebecca Whisnant and Peggy Desautels. Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield, 2009. - Feminist Ethics and Social and Political Philosophy: Theorizing the Non‐Ideal. Edited by Lisa Tessman. Dordrecht: Springer, 2009.Theresa W. Tobin - 2011 - Hypatia 26 (4):857-864.
  15.  10
    The Motivation to Love: Overcoming Spiritual Violence and Sacramental Shame in Christian Churches.Dawne Moon & Theresa Tobin - unknown
    This presentation was delivered at the Self, Motivation & Virtue Project's 2015 Interdisciplinary Moral Forum, held at Marquette University in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
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  16.  17
    Assessing Moral Theories: Lessons From Feminist Philosophy of Science.Theresa Tobin - 2005 - In Lisa Gurley, Claudia Leeb & Anna Aloisia Moser (eds.), Feminists Contest Politics and Philosophy. Pie - Peter Lang.
  17.  5
    Review of "Genital Cutting and Transnational Sisterhood: Disputing US Polemic". [REVIEW]Theresa Tobin - unknown
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  18.  1
    Cultural Imperialism [Encyclopedia Entry].Theresa Tobin - unknown
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  19.  6
    Letter From Cardinal Tobin.Joseph W. Tobin - 2019 - The Chesterton Review 45 (1):251-251.
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  20.  9
    Is It Justifiable to Compel Performance by a Doctor in Violation of Conscience?: A Recent View Examined.Bernadette Tobin - 2019 - The Australasian Catholic Record 96 (1):14.
    Tobin, Bernadette Two years ago, a group of philosophers and bioethicists published what they called a 'Consensus Statement on Conscientious Objection in Healthcare'. The statement, called the Brocher Statement because the group met at a foundation of that name in Geneva, sets out ten points that should 'inform, at the level of legislations and institutional policies, the way that conscientious objections in healthcare is regulated'. The statement proposes a very low threshold for compelling the performance of a practice in (...)
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  21.  61
    The Theory of Everything?: Brian Ellis: The Metaphysics of Scientific Realism. Durham: Acumen, 2009, X+179pp, £16.99 PB.Emma Tobin - 2012 - Metascience 21 (1):65-69.
    The theory of everything? Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-5 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9527-3 Authors Emma Tobin, Science and Technology Studies, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT UK Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  22.  7
    Cap a Un Nou Model Explicatiu Per a les Ciències Especials.Emma Tobin - 2005 - Enrahonar: Quaderns de Filosofía 37:213-223.
    https://revistes.uab.cat/enrahonar/article/view/v37-tobin.
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  23.  59
    Natural Kinds.Emma Tobin & Alexander Bird - 2009 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  24. Natural Kinds.Alexander Bird & Emma Tobin - 2008 - In Edward N. Zalta (ed.), Standford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  25.  36
    Strangers at the Benchside: Research Ethics Consultation.Mildred K. Cho, Sara L. Tobin, Henry T. Greely, Jennifer McCormick, Angie Boyce & David Magnus - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (3):4 – 13.
    Institutional ethics consultation services for biomedical scientists have begun to proliferate, especially for clinical researchers. We discuss several models of ethics consultation and describe a team-based approach used at Stanford University in the context of these models. As research ethics consultation services expand, there are many unresolved questions that need to be addressed, including what the scope, composition, and purpose of such services should be, whether core competencies for consultants can and should be defined, and how conflicts of interest should (...)
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  26.  34
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Strangers at the Beachside: Research Ethics Consultation”.Mildred K. Cho, Sara L. Tobin, Henry T. Greely, Jennifer McCormick, Angie Boyce & David Magnus - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (3):4-6.
    Institutional ethics consultation services for biomedical scientists have begun to proliferate, especially for clinical researchers. We discuss several models of ethics consultation and describe a team-based approach used at Stanford University in the context of these models. As research ethics consultation services expand, there are many unresolved questions that need to be addressed, including what the scope, composition, and purpose of such services should be, whether core competencies for consultants can and should be defined, and how conflicts of interest should (...)
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  27.  11
    Pain and Addiction in Specialty and Primary Care: The Bookends of a Crisis.Joseph R. Schottenfeld, Seth A. Waldman, Abbe R. Gluck & Daniel G. Tobin - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (2):220-237.
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  28. Microstructuralism and Macromolecules: The Case of Moonlighting Proteins. [REVIEW]Emma Tobin - 2010 - Foundations of Chemistry 12 (1):41-54.
    Microstructuralism in the philosophy of chemistry is the thesis that chemical kinds can be individuated in terms of their microstructural properties (Hendry in Philos Sci 73:864–875, 2006 ). Elements provide paradigmatic examples, since the atomic number should suffice to individuate the kind. In theory, Microstructuralism should also characterise higher-level chemical kinds such as molecules, compounds, and macromolecules based on their constituent atomic properties. In this paper, several microstructural theses are distinguished. An analysis of macromolecules such as moonlighting proteins suggests that (...)
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  29.  17
    Ethical Oversight in Quality Improvement and Quality Improvement Research: New Approaches to Promote a Learning Health Care System.Kevin Fiscella, Jonathan N. Tobin, Jennifer K. Carroll, Hua He & Gbenga Ogedegbe - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):63.
    Institutional review boards distinguish health care quality improvement and health care quality improvement research based primarily on the rigor of the methods used and the purported generalizability of the knowledge gained. Neither of these criteria holds up upon scrutiny. Rather, this apparently false dichotomy may foster under-protection of participants in QI projects and over-protection of participants within QIR.
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  30. Crosscutting Natural Kinds and the Hierarchy Thesis.Emma Tobin - 2010 - In Helen Beebee & Nigel Sabbarton-Leary (eds.), The Semantics and Metaphysics of Natural Kinds. Routledge. pp. 1--179.
     
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  31.  8
    Prior Task Experience Affects Temporal Prediction and Estimation.Simon Tobin & Simon Grondin - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  32.  21
    The Japanese Preschool's Pedagogy of Feeling: Cultural Strategies for Supporting Young Children's Emotional Development.Akiko Hayashi, Mayumi Karasawa & Joseph Tobin - 2009 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 37 (1):32-49.
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  33.  71
    Religious Perspectives on Embryo Donation and Research.I. H. Kerridge, C. F. C. Jordens, R. Benson, R. Clifford, R. A. Ankeny, D. Keown, B. Tobin, S. Bhattacharyya, A. Sachedina, L. S. Lehmann & B. Edgar - 2010 - Clinical Ethics 5 (1):35-45.
    The success of assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) worldwide has led to an accumulation of frozen embryos that are surplus to the reproductive needs of those for whom they were created. In these situations, couples must decide whether to discard them or donate them for scientific research or for use by other infertile couples. While legislation and regulation may limit the decisions that couples make, their decisions are often shaped by their religious beliefs. Unfortunately, health professionals, scientists and policy-makers are often (...)
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  34.  32
    Civic Agriculture and Community Engagement.Brian K. Obach & Kathleen Tobin - 2014 - Agriculture and Human Values 31 (2):307-322.
    Several scholars have claimed that small-scale agriculture in which farmers sell goods to the local market has the potential to strengthen social ties and a sense of community, a phenomenon referred to as “civic agriculture.” Proponents see promise in the increase in the number of community supported agriculture programs, farmers markets, and other locally orientated distribution systems as well as the growing interest among consumers for buying locally produced goods. Yet others have suggested that these novel or reborn distribution mechanisms (...)
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  35.  11
    The Intrapsychics of Gender: A Model of Self-Socialization.Desiree D. Tobin, Meenakshi Menon, Madhavi Menon, Brooke C. Spatta, Ernest V. E. Hodges & David G. Perry - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (2):601-622.
  36. l0€|| li¢ S 0lIl| 00| i.Bernadette Tobin - forthcoming - Ethics.
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  37.  16
    Informational Risk, Institutional Review, and Autonomy in the Proposed Changes to the Common Rule.M. Allyse, K. Karkazis, S. S. Lee, S. L. Tobin, H. T. Greely, M. K. Cho & D. Magnus - 2012 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 34 (3):17-19.
    In 2011, the Department of Health and Human Services proposed changes to the regulations that govern human subjects protection in federally funded research. The proposed changes involve modifying inclusion standards for minimal-risk research and removing the necessity of review from certain categories of noninvasive research. All studies would instead be required to comply with privacy protections as initiated by the Health Information Portability and Accountability Act . We argue that relying on HIPAA to protect participants from participation-related risks in noninvasive (...)
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  38.  26
    The Challenges and Ethical Dilemmas of a Military Medical Officer Serving with a Peacekeeping Operation in Regard to the Medical Care of the Local Population.J. Tobin - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (10):571-574.
    Medical Officers serving with their national contingents in peacekeeping operations are faced with difficult ethical decisions in regard to their obligations to the local civilian population. Such populations may be under-resourced in regard to medical care, and vulnerable to abuse and exploitation. Though the medical officer may support the local medical services, he/she should never undermine these resources. Adopting a human rights approach and observing the requirements of ethical medicine, aids the doctor in prioritising his/her duties. At times there may (...)
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  39.  26
    The Japanese Preschool's Pedagogy of Feeling: Cultural Strategies for Supporting Young Children's Emotional Development.Akiko Hayashi, Mayumi Karasawa & Joseph Tobin - 2009 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 37 (1):32-49.
  40.  4
    Beliefs About the Nature of Science and the Enacted Science Curriculum.Kenneth Tobin & Campbell J. McRobbie - 1997 - Science & Education 6 (4):355-371.
  41.  5
    Metaphors as Seeds for Conceptual Change and the Improvement of Science Teaching.Kenneth Tobin & Deborah J. Tippins - 1996 - Science Education 80 (6):711-730.
  42.  20
    Cross-Cultural and Site-Based Influences on Demographic, Well-Being, and Social Network Predictors of Risk Perception in Hazard and Disaster Settings in Ecuador and Mexico.Eric C. Jones, Albert J. Faas, Arthur D. Murphy, Graham A. Tobin, Linda M. Whiteford & Christopher McCarty - 2013 - Human Nature 24 (1):5-32.
    Although virtually all comparative research about risk perception focuses on which hazards are of concern to people in different culture groups, much can be gained by focusing on predictors of levels of risk perception in various countries and places. In this case, we examine standard and novel predictors of risk perception in seven sites among communities affected by a flood in Mexico (one site) and volcanic eruptions in Mexico (one site) and Ecuador (five sites). We conducted more than 450 interviews (...)
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  43.  5
    Cultural Myths as Constraints to the Enacted Science Curriculum.Kenneth Tobin & Campbell J. McRobbie - 1996 - Science Education 80 (2):223-241.
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  44.  56
    Studying Society: The Making ofRecent Social Trends in the United States, 1929–1933. [REVIEW]William A. Tobin - 1995 - Theory and Society 24 (4):537-565.
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  45.  20
    The Japanese Preschool's Pedagogy of Peripheral Participation.Akiko Hayashi & Joseph Tobin - 2011 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 39 (2):139-164.
  46.  32
    An Aristotelian Theory of Moral Development.Bernadette M. Tobin - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 23 (2):195–211.
  47.  78
    Humanist as Hero.James Edward Tobin - 1948 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 23 (2):311-313.
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  48.  13
    Development in Virtues.Bernadette M. Tobin - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 20 (2):201–214.
  49.  4
    Chemical Laws, Idealization and Approximation.Emma Tobin - 2013 - Science & Education 22 (7):1581-1592.
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  50.  77
    Australian Consequentialism: An Australian Critique.Bernadette Tobin - 2005 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (3):165-173.
    It is in its Consequentialist mood that Australian philosophizing most clearly displays the 'no-nonsense' quality that we are tempted to think of as a national virtue: I hope this volume goes some way to showing the dangers of our being tempted by such flattering but ultimately shallow (and indeed morally coarse) national myths.
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