Results for 'Thibaud Gruber'

207 found
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  1.  40
    Exorcising Grice’s Ghost: An Empirical Approach to Studying Intentional Communication in Animals.Simon Townsend, Sonja Koski, Richard Byrne, Katie Slocombe, Balthasar Bickel, Markus Boeckle, Ines Braga Goncalves, Judith Burkart, Tom Flower, Florence Gaunet, Hans Johann Glock, Thibaud Gruber, David Jansen, Katja Liebal, Angelika Linke, Adam Miklosi, Richard Moore, Carel van Schaik, Sabine Stoll, Alex Vail, Bridget Waller, Markus Wild, Klaus Zuberühler & Marta Manser - 2016 - Biological Reviews 3.
    Language’s intentional nature has been highlighted as a crucial feature distinguishing it from other communication systems. Specifically, language is often thought to depend on highly structured intentional action and mutual mindreading by a communicator and recipient. Whilst similar abilities in animals can shed light on the evolution of intentionality, they remain challenging to detect unambiguously. We revisit animal intentional communication and suggest that progress in identifying analogous capacities has been complicated by (i) the assumption that intentional (that is, voluntary) production (...)
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  2. “Why Don’T Consumers Care About CSR?”: A Qualitative Study Exploring the Role of CSR in Consumption Decisions. [REVIEW]Magdalena Öberseder, Bodo B. Schlegelmilch & Verena Gruber - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 104 (4):449-460.
    There is an unresolved paradox concerning the role of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in consumer behavior. On the one hand, consumers demand more and more CSR information from corporations. On the other hand, research indicates a considerable gap between consumers’ apparent interest in CSR and the limited role of CSR in purchase behavior. This article attempts to shed light on this paradox by drawing on qualitative data from in-depth interviews. The findings show that the evaluation of CSR initiatives is a (...)
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  3. True Happiness: The Role of Morality in the Folk Concept of Happiness.Jonathan Phillips, Christian Mott, Julian De Freitas, June Gruber & Joshua Knobe - 2017 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 146 (2):165-181.
    Recent scientific research has settled on a purely descriptive definition of happiness that is focused solely on agents’ psychological states (high positive affect, low negative affect, high life satisfaction). In contrast to this understanding, recent research has suggested that the ordinary concept of happiness is also sensitive to the moral value of agents’ lives. Five studies systematically investigate and explain the impact of morality on ordinary assessments of happiness. Study 1 demonstrates that moral judgments influence assessments of happiness not only (...)
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  4.  65
    Mindfulness and De-Automatization.Yoona Kang, June Gruber & Jeremy R. Gray - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (2):1754073912451629.
    Some maladaptive thought processes are characterized by reflexive and habitual patterns of cognitive and emotional reactivity. We review theoretical and empirical work suggesting that mindfulness—a state of nonjudgmental awareness of the present moment—can facilitate the discontinuation of such automatic mental operations. We propose a framework that suggests a series of more specific mechanisms supporting the de-automatizing function of mindfulness. Four related but distinct elements of mindfulness (awareness, attention, focus on the present, and acceptance) can each contribute to de-automatization through subsequent (...)
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  5.  23
    How Techniques of Neutralization Legitimize Norm- and Attitude-Inconsistent Consumer Behavior.Verena Gruber & Bodo B. Schlegelmilch - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 121 (1):1-17.
    In accordance with societal norms and values, consumers readily indicate their positive attitudes toward sustainability. However, they hardly take sustainability into account when engaging in exchange relationships with companies. To shed light on this paradox, this paper investigates whether defense mechanisms and the more specific concept of neutralization techniques can explain the discrepancy between societal norms and actual behavior. A multi-method qualitative research design provides rich insights into consumers’ underlying cognitive processes and how they make sense of their attitude–behavior divergences. (...)
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  6. The Massachusetts Health Care Revolution: A Local Start for Universal Access.Jonathan Gruber - 2006 - Hastings Center Report 36 (5):14-19.
  7. Alfred Tarski and the “Concept of Truth in Formalized Languages”.Monika Gruber - 2016 - Springer Verlag.
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  8.  5
    Emodiversity and the Emotional Ecosystem.Jordi Quoidbach, June Gruber, Moïra Mikolajczak, Alexsandr Kogan, Ilios Kotsou & Michael I. Norton - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (6):2057-2066.
  9.  28
    Consumers’ Perceptions of Corporate Social Responsibility: Scale Development and Validation.Magdalena Öberseder, Bodo B. Schlegelmilch, Patrick E. Murphy & Verena Gruber - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 124 (1):101-115.
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  10. Dolphins in Popular Literature and Media.Diana Reiss, Barbara Newman, Sarah Gruber, Paul Boyle, Katherine Lemcke, John Fraser, Jessica Sickler & Elizabeth Elliott - 2006 - Society and Animals 14 (4):321-349.
    This review of how dolphins are portrayed in popular media reveals four themes that may influence public acceptance of current scientific research into dolphin cognition. These themes are: dolphin as peer to humans, of equal intelligence or at least capable of communicating with or helping humans; the dolphin as the representation of a romantic notion of ideal freedom in nature, embodying principles of peace, harmony or love; the dolphin as a naïve, innocent being that is subordinate and in need of (...)
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  11.  11
    Beliefs About the Automaticity of Positive Mood Regulation: Examination of the BAMR-Positive Emotion Downregulation Scale in Relation to Emotion Regulation Strategies and Mood Symptoms.Alyson L. Dodd, Kirsten Gilbert & June Gruber - forthcoming - Cognition and Emotion:1-9.
    ABSTRACTEmotion regulation is a topic of great interest due to its relevance to navigating everyday life, as well as its relevance to psychopathology. Recent research indicates that beliefs about the automaticity of mood regulation are critical to psychological health. In the present study we assessed beliefs about the automaticity of positive mood regulation in relationship to self-reported mood symptoms and explicit emotion regulation strategies. Participants completed an online survey including a scale assessing beliefs about automatic downregulation of positive emotions, beliefs (...)
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  12.  29
    Neuroethik – Geschichte, Definition Und Gegenstandsbereich Eines Neuen WissenschaftsgebietsNeuroethics—History, Definition, and Scope of a New Field of Science.Sabine Müller, Merlin Bittlinger, Kirsten Brukamp, Markus Christen, Orsolya Friedrich, Malte-C. Gruber, Jon Leefmann, Grischa Merkel, Saskia K. Nagel, Marco Stier & Ralf J. Jox - 2018 - Ethik in der Medizin 30 (2):91-106.
    ZusammenfassungFünfzehn Jahre nach ihrer Entstehung ist die Neuroethik ein internationales wissenschaftliches Feld mit enormer Dynamik. Innerhalb weniger Jahre wurden eigene Kongresse, Zeitschriften, Forschungsförderprogramme, Fachgesellschaften und Institute gegründet. Gleichwohl besteht erheblicher Dissens über die Definition und den Gegenstandsbereich dieses neuen Gebiets. Wir argumentieren hier für eine differenzierte Konzeption, wonach neben der Reflexion ethischer Probleme der Neurowissenschaft und ihrer überwiegend neurotechnologischen Anwendungen auch die ethische Reflexion neurowissenschaftlicher Forschung zur Moralität zur Neuroethik gehört. Dies umfasst zwar nicht neurowissenschaftliche oder neuropsychologische Studien zur Moralität, (...)
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  13. The Flow of Time as a Perceptual Illusion.Ronald P. Gruber & Richard A. Block - 2013 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 34 (1):91-100.
  14.  9
    Topicalization in Child Language.Jeffrey S. Gruber - 1967 - Foundations of Language 3 (1):37-65.
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  15.  5
    Broadening Our Field of View: The Role of Emotion Polyregulation.Brett Q. Ford, James J. Gross & June Gruber - 2019 - Emotion Review 11 (3):197-208.
    The field of emotion regulation has developed rapidly, and a number of emotion regulatory strategies have been identified. To date, empirical attention has focused on contrasting specific regulatio...
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  16.  7
    A Cross-Species Comparative Approach to Positive Emotion Disturbance.June Gruber & Marc Bekoff - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (1):72-78.
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  17.  9
    Real-Time Monitoring of Psychotherapeutic Processes: Concept and Compliance.Günter Schiepek, Wolfgang Aichhorn, Martin Gruber, Guido Strunk, Egon Bachler & Benjamin Aas - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  18. Neurophysics of the Flow of Time.Ronald Gruber - 2008 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 29 (3):241-255.
    Three physical theories explaining the flow of time are examined. One theory suggests that “flow” is associated with the manner of information transfer between registers within the brain. Different robotic systems are predicted to experience different types of flow. Here, human examples are found to support the theory and the model is modified suggesting that flow is a cognitive illusion. A second theory suggests that time is non-existent, that the universe is a complex quantum state which, upon observation, the brain (...)
     
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  19.  7
    Strain Bursts in Plastically Deforming Molybdenum Micro- and Nanopillars.M. Zaiser, J. Schwerdtfeger, A. S. Schneider, C. P. Frick, B. G. Clark, P. A. Gruber & E. Arzt - 2008 - Philosophical Magazine 88 (30-32):3861-3874.
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  20.  12
    A Discrete Emotions Approach to Positive Emotion Disturbance in Depression.June Gruber, Christopher Oveis, Dacher Keltner & Sheri L. Johnson - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (1):40-52.
  21. Darwin on Man: A Psychological Study of Scientific Creativity; Together with Darwin's Early and Unpublished Notebooks.Howard E. Gruber & Paul H. Barrett - 1976 - Journal of the History of Biology 9 (2):323-324.
     
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  22.  8
    On the Relation Between AHA Experiences' and the Construction of Ideas.H. E. Gruber - 1981 - History of Science 19 (1):41-59.
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  23.  10
    Debating or Displaying Political Positions?Helmut Gruber - 2018 - Pragmatics and Society 9 (4):571-597.
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  24.  2
    Dynamic Perceptual Completion and the Dynamic Snapshot View to Help Solve the ‘Two Times’ Problem.Ronald P. Gruber, Ryan P. Smith & Richard A. Block - forthcoming - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-18.
    Perceptual completion fills the gap for discrete perception to become continuous. Similarly, dynamic perceptual completion provides an experience of dynamic continuity. Our recent discovery of the ‘happening’ element of DPC completes the total experience for dynamism in the flow of time. However, a phenomenological explanation for these experiences is essential. The Snapshot Hypotheses especially the Dynamic Snapshot View provides the most comprehensive explanation. From that understanding the ‘two times’ problem can be addressed. The static time of spacetime cosmologies has been (...)
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  25.  84
    Theta Synchronization During Episodic Retrieval: Neural Correlates of Conscious Awareness.W. Klimesch, M. Doppelmayr, Andrew P. Yonelinas, N. E. A. Kroll, M. Lazzara, D. Röhm & W. Gruber - 2001 - Cognitive Brain Research 12 (1):33-38.
  26.  27
    Quantization in Generalized Coordinates.Gary R. Gruber - 1971 - Foundations of Physics 1 (3):227-234.
    The operator form of the generalized canonical momenta in quantum mechanics is derived by a new, instructive method and the uniqueness of the operator form is proven. If one wishes to find the correct representation of the generalized momentum operator, he finds the Hermitian part of the operator —iħ ∂/∂q, whereq q is the generalized coordinate. There are interesting philosophical implications involved in this: It is like saying that a physical structure is composed of two parts, one which is real (...)
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  27.  16
    Apologia Pro Beata Maria Virgine: John Henry Newman's Defense of the Virgin Mary in Catholic Doctrine and Piety by Robert M. Andrews.Peter J. Gruber - 2017 - Newman Studies Journal 14 (1):81-82.
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  28.  49
    Actual Utility, the Mismatch Problem, and the Move to Expected Utility.Robert Gruber - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (12):3097-3108.
    The mismatch problem for consequentialism arises whenever the theory delivers mismatched verdicts between a group act and the individual acts that compose it. A natural thought is that moving to expected utility versions of consequentialism will solve this problem. I explain why the move to expected utility is not successful.
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  29.  31
    An Exploration of the Ideologies of Software Intellectual Property: The Impact on Ethical Decision Making.Matthew K. McGowan, Paul Stephens & Dexter Gruber - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 73 (4):409-424.
    This article helps to clarify and articulate the ideological, legal, and ethical attitudes regarding software as intellectual property (IP). Computer software can be viewed as IP from both ethical and legal perspectives. The size and growth of the software industry suggest that large profits are possible through the development and sale of software. The rapid growth of the open source movement, fueled by the development of the Linux operating system, suggests another model is possible. The large number of unauthorized copies (...)
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  30.  65
    Social Narratives Surrounding Dolphins: Q Method Study.Paul Boyle, Sarah Gruber, Thomas Webler, Heidi Lyn, Jessica Sickler, Diana Reiss, John Fraser & Katherine Lemcke - 2006 - Society and Animals 14 (4):351-382.
    In preparation for development of an exhibit on the cognitive abilities of dolphins, the Wildlife Conservation Society sought to determine potential visitor's social perspectives about dolphin intelligence, and how these beliefs might influence acceptance of scientific information. The study reported here used Q methodology to identify these underlying social perspectives. The study of adults and the study of children each revealed three distinct perspectives. While consensus emerged among adults on points about dolphins' high intelligence and communication abilities, the three perspectives (...)
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  31.  14
    Between Saying and Doing: Peirce's Propositional Space.Pierre Thibaud - 1997 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 33 (2):270 - 327.
  32.  31
    Transitional Subsidies for Health Insurance Coverage.Jonathan Gruber - 2001 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 38 (2):225-231.
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  33.  15
    Robust, Replicable, and Theoretically-Grounded: A Response to Brown and Coyne’s Commentary on the Relationship Between Emodiversity and Health.Jordi Quoidbach, Moïra Mikolajczak, June Gruber, Ilios Kotsou, Aleksandr Kogan & Michael I. Norton - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (3):451-458.
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  34.  9
    The Eye of Reason: Darwin's Development During the Beagle Voyage.Howard E. Gruber & Valmai Gruber - 1962 - Isis 53 (2):186-200.
  35.  13
    Effects of Experience on Perception of Causality.Howard E. Gruber, Charles D. Fink & Vernon Damm - 1957 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 53 (2):89.
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  36.  38
    Philosophy of Law.David F. Gruber - 1992 - Teaching Philosophy 15 (1):81-83.
  37. Le raisonnement et la logique des choses.Charles Sanders Peirce, Kenneth Laine Ketner, Hilary Putnam, Christiane Chauviré, Pierre Thibaud & Claudine Tiercelin - 1998 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 188 (2):263-264.
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  38.  27
    Déconstruction de la Genèse. De la différence sexuelle.Eberhard Gruber - 2001 - Rue Descartes 32 (2):23.
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  39.  5
    Entscheidung für das, was ohnehin ist: Derridas différance als Spielart eines ontologischen Dezisionismus.Alex Gruber - 2018 - Zeitschrift für Kritische Sozialtheorie Und Philosophie 5 (2):192-215.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Zeitschrift für kritische Sozialtheorie und Philosophie Jahrgang: 5 Heft: 2 Seiten: 192-215.
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  40.  9
    New Insights Into Structure‐Function Relationships Between Archeal ATP Synthase (A1A0) and Vacuolar Type ATPase (V1V0).Gerhard Grüber & Vladimir Marshansky - 2008 - Bioessays 30 (11-12):1096-1109.
    Adenosine triphosphate, ATP, is the energy currency of living cells. While ATP synthases of archae and ATP synthases of pro‐ and eukaryotic organisms operate as energy producers by synthesizing ATP, the eukaryotic V‐ATPase hydrolyzes ATP and thus functions as energy transducer. These enzymes share features like the hydrophilic catalytic‐ and the membrane‐embedded ion‐translocating sector, allowing them to operate as nano‐motors and to transform the transmembrane electrochemical ion gradient into ATP or vice versa. Since archaea are rooted close to the origin (...)
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  41.  33
    Philosophical Problems in the Law.David F. Gruber - 1992 - Teaching Philosophy 15 (4):381-382.
  42.  11
    The Impact of Nutritional Status on Body Fat Distribution Patterns in Pre- and Postmenopausal Females.S. Kirchengast, D. Gruber, M. Sator, W. Knogler & J. Huber - 1998 - Journal of Biosocial Science 30 (2):145-154.
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  43.  22
    Foucault's Critique of the Liberal Individual.David F. Gruber - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (11):615-621.
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  44.  27
    Comments on the Correspondence Principles of Quantum Mechanical Operators.Gary R. Gruber - 1974 - Foundations of Physics 4 (1):19-22.
    In an article by Margenau and Cohen various correspondence principles were described in connection with Weyl, Born-Jordan, and symmetrized ordering of quantum mechanical operators. In this article we make an interesting comparison between the aforementioned ordering process and our previous prescriptions.
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  45.  39
    On the Transition From Classical to Quantum Mechanics in Generalized Coordinates.Gary R. Gruber - 1976 - Foundations of Physics 6 (1):111-113.
    The classical Hamiltonian in generalized coordinates is given asH=1/2 Σ i.k p i g ik p k . We show that there is no operator of the formP i= −iA(qi) (∂/∂qi)+Gi(qi) (note that the Hermitian momentum operatorP i H is of this form) such that the quantum Hamiltonian operatorH Q is given asH Q =1/2 Σ i,k P i g ik P k or1/2 Σ i,k g ik P i P k , etc. In order to maintain a direct transition (...)
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  46.  21
    Zweifel und Gewissheit: Skeptische Debatten im Mittelalter. Dominik Perler.Thomas Gruber - 2009 - Speculum 84 (1):203-205.
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  47.  14
    Particle Velocities Faster Than the Speed of Light.Gary R. Gruber - 1972 - Foundations of Physics 2 (1):79-82.
    In connection with another article by the author, we show how it might be possible to travel faster than the speed of light. We show that for clocks and rods moving faster than the speed of light, we get instead of “time dilation” and “Lorentz contraction,” respectively, “time contraction” and “Lorentz expansion,” respectively. It is shown that this paper is in confirmation with earlier articles dealing with this subject.
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  48. Do You Have a Light?: The Failures and Special Effects of Godard's Alphaville.R. E. Ramsey & D. Gruber - 2008 - Film and Philosophy 12:105.
     
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  49.  31
    Guernica.Austin Gruber - 1990 - The Chesterton Review 16 (3/4):420-421.
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  50.  31
    The Triumph of the Entrepreneur.Paul Thibaud - 1985 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 1985 (64):134-140.
    When she was interviewed by Bernard Pivot, Marguerite Duras professed to be a “Mitterrandist” — not a socialist and she added: “Before '81 we were undergoing the crisis, now we are thinking about it.” True, the socialist government now admits its perplexity and the emptiness of its ideology. There is, as it were, a pause for breath, an attempt to conceptualize not exactly the “crisis” a catch-all word, but the sort of journey toward an unknown shore. The change of political (...)
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