Results for 'Thomas Andreas Meyer'

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  1.  30
    Refined Epistemic Entrenchment.Thomas Andreas Meyer, Willem Adrian Labuschagne & Johannes Heidema - 2000 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 9 (2):237-259.
    Epistemic entrenchment, as presented by Gärdenfors and Makinson (1988) and Gärdenfors (1988), is a formalisation of the intuition that, when forced to choose between two beliefs, an agent will giveup the less entrenched one. While their formalisation satisfactorilycaptures the intuitive notion of the entrenchment of beliefs in a number ofaspects, the requirement that all wffs be comparable has drawn criticismfrom various quarters. We define a set of refined versions of theirentrenchment orderings that are not subject to the same criticism, andinvestigate (...)
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  2.  41
    Infobase Change: A First Approximation. [REVIEW]Thomas Andreas Meyer, Willem Adrian Labuschagne & Johannes Heidema - 2000 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 9 (3):353-377.
    Generalisations of theory change involving operations on arbitrary sets ofwffs instead of on belief sets (i.e., sets closed under a consequencerelation), have become known as base change. In one view, a base should bethought of as providing more structure to its generated belief set, whichmeans that it can be employed to determine the theory contraction operationassociated with a base contraction operation. In this paper we follow suchan approach as the first step in defining infobase change. We think of an infobase (...)
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  3.  20
    Developmental Trajectories of Sleep Problems From Childhood to Adolescence Both Predict and Are Predicted by Emotional and Behavioral Problems.Biyao Wang, Corinna Isensee, Andreas Becker, Janice Wong, Peter R. Eastwood, Rae-Chi Huang, Kevin C. Runions, Richard M. Stewart, Thomas Meyer, L. G. Brüni, Florian D. Zepf & Aribert Rothenberger - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  4.  12
    Effects of Cost Sharing on Seeking Outpatient Care: A Propensity‐Matched Study in Germany and Switzerland.Carola A. Huber, Peter Rüesch, Andreas Mielck, Jan Böcken, Thomas Rosemann & Peter C. Meyer - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (4):781-787.
  5.  19
    A Generalization of the Routley-Meyer Semantic Framework.Morgan Thomas - 2015 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 44 (4):411-427.
    We develop an axiomatic theory of “generalized Routley-Meyer logics.” These are first-order logics which are can be characterized by model theories in a certain generalization of Routley-Meyer semantics. We show that all GRM logics are subclassical, have recursively enumerable consequence relations, satisfy the compactness theorem, and satisfy the standard structural rules and conjunction and disjunction introduction/elimination rules. We also show that the GRM logics include classical logic, intuitionistic logic, LP/K3/FDE, and the relevant logics.
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  6. Martin Heidegger Und Thomas von Aquin.Hans Meyer - 1964 - F. Schöningh.
     
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  7. The Philosophy of St. Thomas Aquinas.Hans Meyer - 1944 - And London, B. Herder Book Co..
     
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  8. Thomas von Aquin Sein System Und Seine Geistesgeschichtliche Stellung.Hans Meyer - 1938 - Ferdinand Schöningh.
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  9. Thomas Andreas Meyer, Willem Adrian Labuschagne, and Johannes Heidema/Refined Espistemic Entrenchment 237-259.Johan van Benthem, Alice ter Meulen & Heinrich Wansing - 1992 - Journal of Logic, Language, and Information 9 (2):139.
  10.  2
    Thomas Meyer und Andreas Kilcher, Hg.: Die ‚Wissenschaft des Judentums‘. Eine Bestandsaufnahme , 187 S., ISBN 978-3-7705-5784-4, € 26,90. [REVIEW]Dominik Schlosser - 2019 - Zeitschrift für Religionswissenschaft 27 (2):328-331.
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  11.  36
    Thomas Nagel, Secular Philosophy and the Religious Temperament: Essays 2002–2008: Oxford University Press, New York, 2010, 184 Pp, $27.95. [REVIEW]William Meyer - 2011 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 70 (3):251-253.
  12.  16
    "Diu Crône" and the Medieval Arthurian CycleNeil Thomas.Matthias Meyer - 2004 - Speculum 79 (2):564-566.
  13. Le Problème des Passions Chez Saint Thomas d'Aquin.Michel Meyer - 1994 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 48 (189):363-374.
     
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  14.  14
    Divine Impassibility and the Mystery of Human Suffering. Edited by James Keating and Thomas Joseph White O.P. Pp. 357, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, 2009, £28.97. [REVIEW]Eric Meyer - 2015 - Heythrop Journal 56 (1):148-150.
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  15.  9
    Pwyll Pendeuic Dyuet: The First of the Four Branches of the Mabinogi Edited From the White Book of Rhydderch with Variants From the Red Book of Hergest. R. L. Thomas[REVIEW]Robert T. Meyer - 1959 - Speculum 34 (2):333-334.
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  16. Die Wissenschaftslehre des Thomas von Aquin.Hans Meyer - 1934 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 47:441-486.
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  17. Nietzsche-rezeption bei Thomas Mann und Gottfried Benn.Theo Meyer - 2002 - Perspektiven der Philosophie 28 (1):249-299.
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  18. Die Wissenschaftslehre des Thomas v. Aquin.Hans Meyer - 1935 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 48:12-40.
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  19. Schilling, Otto, Die Staats- und Soziallehre des hl. Thomas[REVIEW]H. Meyer - 1935 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 48:536.
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  20. Thomas J. J. Altizer's Constructions of Ultimate Reality and Meaning.Eric C. Meyer - 1978 - Ultimate Reality and Meaning 1 (4):258.
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  21. The Problem of the Passions in the Works of Aquinas, Thomas.M. Meyer - 1994 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 48 (189):363-374.
     
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  22. Systematic Withdrawal.Thomas Meyer, Johannes Heidema, Willem Labuschagne & Louise Leenen - 2002 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 31 (5):415-443.
    Although AGM theory contraction (Alchourrón et al., 1985; Alchourrón and Makinson, 1985) occupies a central position in the literature on belief change, there is one aspect about it that has created a fair amount of controversy. It involves the inclusion of the postulate known as Recovery. As a result, a number of alternatives to AGM theory contraction have been proposed that do not always satisfy the Recovery postulate (Levi, 1991, 1998; Hansson and Olsson, 1995; Fermé, 1998; Fermé and Rodriguez, 1998; (...)
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  23.  36
    Basic Infobase Change.Thomas Meyer - 2001 - Studia Logica 67 (2):215-242.
    Generalisations of theory change involving arbitrary sets of wffs instead of belief sets have become known as base change. In one view, a base should be thought of as providing more structure to its generated belief set, and can be used to determine the theory change operation associated with a base change operation. In this paper we extend a proposal along these lines by Meyer et al. We take an infobase as a finite sequence of wffs, with each element (...)
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  24.  19
    Strategy-Proof Belief Merging.Aditya Ghose & Thomas Meyer - unknown
    herent and rational way. Several proposals have been made for information merging in which it is possible to encode the preferences of sources (Benferhat, Dubois, Prade, & Williams, 1999; Benferhat, Dubois, Kaci, & Prade, 2000; Lafage & Lang, 2000; Meyer, 2000, 2001; Andreka, Ryan, & Schobbens, 2001). Information merging has much in common with social choice theory, which aims to define operations reflecting the preferences of a society from the individual preferences of the members of the society. Given this (...)
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  25.  10
    Kant und die Zukunft der europäischen Aufklärung. Internationale Fachtagung des Alfried Krupp Wissenschaftskollegs Greifswald, Oktober 2007.Frank Brosow & Andreas Thomas - 2008 - Kant-Studien 99 (2):229-237.
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  26. The Ethical Challenges in the Context of Climate Loss and Damage.Ivo Wallimann-Helmer, Kian Mintz-Woo, Lukas Meyer, Thomas Schinko & Olivia Serdeczny - 2019 - In Reinhard Mechler, Laurens M. Bouwer, Thomas Schinko, Swenja Surminski & JoAnne Linnerooth-Bayer (eds.), Loss and Damage from Climate Change. Cham: Springer. pp. 39-62.
    This chapter lays out what we take to be the main types of justice and ethical challenges concerning those adverse effects of climate change leading to climate-related Loss and Damage (L&D). We argue that it is essential to clearly differentiate between the challenges concerning mitigation and adaptation and those ethical issues exclusively relevant for L&D in order to address the ethical aspects pertaining to L&D in international climate policy. First, we show that depending on how mitigation and adaptation are distinguished (...)
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  27.  5
    Changes in the Covalence Ethical Quote, Financial Performance and Financial Reporting Quality.Fayez A. Elayan, Jingyu Li, Zhefeng Frank Liu, Thomas O. Meyer & Sandra Felton - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 134 (3):369-395.
    We examine the equity valuation effect of press releases of upgrades or downgrades reflected in the Covalence Ethical Quote, an index ranking the ethical performance of multinational firms. The index is updated quarterly and is comprehensive enough to include 45 criteria reflecting working conditions, impact of product, impact of production, and company institutional impact. Thus, it captures many dimensions of firms’ ethical performance that are not accounted for in previous research. Our research encompasses a joint test of the value relevance (...)
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  28.  8
    Creative Arts Interventions to Address Depression in Older Adults: A Systematic Review of Outcomes, Processes, and Mechanisms.Kim Dunphy, Felicity A. Baker, Ella Dumaresq, Katrina Carroll-Haskins, Jasmin Eickholt, Maya Ercole, Girija Kaimal, Kirsten Meyer, Nisha Sajnani, Opher Y. Shamir & Thomas Wosch - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  29. Ernst Cassirer’s Writings.Thomas Meyer & Bill Templer - 2013 - Journal of the History of Ideas 74 (3):473-495.
  30.  49
    Iterated Belief Change and the Recovery Axiom.Samir Chopra, Aditya Ghose, Thomas Meyer & Ka-Shu Wong - 2008 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 37 (5):501-520.
    The axiom of recovery, while capturing a central intuition regarding belief change, has been the source of much controversy. We argue briefly against putative counterexamples to the axiom—while agreeing that some of their insight deserves to be preserved—and present additional recovery-like axioms in a framework that uses epistemic states, which encode preferences, as the object of revisions. This makes iterated revision possible and renders explicit the connection between iterated belief change and the axiom of recovery. We provide a representation theorem (...)
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  31. Ernst Cassirer.Thomas Meyer - 2007 - Ellert & Richter.
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  32.  27
    How to Revise a Total Preorder.Richard Booth & Thomas Meyer - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (2):193 - 238.
    Most approaches to iterated belief revision are accompanied by some motivation for the use of the proposed revision operator (or family of operators), and typically encode enough information in the epistemic state of an agent for uniquely determining one-step revision. But in those approaches describing a family of operators there is usually little indication of how to proceed uniquely after the first revision step. In this paper we contribute towards addressing that deficiency by providing a formal framework which goes beyond (...)
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  33.  41
    Natural Hazards and the Normative Significance of Expectations in Protecting Alpine Communities.Thomas Pölzler, Florian Ortner, Oliver Sass & Lukas Meyer - 2017 - Geophysical Research Abstracts: Abstracts of the European Geosciences Union General Assembly.
  34.  19
    Flashbacks, Intrusions, Mind-Wandering – Instances of an Involuntary Memory Spectrum: A Commentary on Takarangi, Strange, and Lindsay.Thomas Meyer, Henry Otgaar & Tom Smeets - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 33:24-29.
  35.  70
    Equilibria in Social Belief Removal.Richard Booth & Thomas Meyer - 2010 - Synthese 177 (1):97 - 123.
    In studies of multi-agent interaction, especially in game theory, the notion of equilibrium often plays a prominent role. A typical scenario for the belief merging problem is one in which several agents pool their beliefs together to form a consistent "group" picture of the world. The aim of this paper is to define and study new notions of equilibria in belief merging. To do so, we assume the agents arrive at consistency via the use of a social belief removal function, (...)
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  36.  61
    Non-Prioritized Ranked Belief Change.Samir Chopra, Aditya Ghose & Thomas Meyer - 2003 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 32 (4):417-443.
    Traditional accounts of belief change have been criticized for placing undue emphasis on the new belief provided as input. A recent proposal to address such issues is a framework for non-prioritized belief change based on default theories (Ghose and Goebel, 1998). A novel feature of this approach is the introduction of disbeliefs alongside beliefs which allows for a view of belief contraction as independently useful, instead of just being seen as an intermediate step in the process of belief revision. This (...)
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  37.  55
    Rights, Culture, and the Law: Themes From the Legal and Political Philosophy of Joseph Raz.Lukas H. Meyer, Stanley L. Paulson & Thomas Winfried Menko Pogge (eds.) - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    The volume brings together a collection of original papers on some of the main tenets of Joseph Raz's legal and political philosophy: Legal positivism and the nature of law, practical reason, authority, the value of equality, incommensurability, harm, group rights, and multiculturalism.
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  38.  52
    Belief Liberation.Richard Booth, Samir Chopra, Aditya Ghose & Thomas Meyer - 2005 - Studia Logica 79 (1):47-72.
    We provide a formal study of belief retraction operators that do not necessarily satisfy the postulate. Our intuition is that a rational description of belief change must do justice to cases in which dropping a belief can lead to the inclusion, or ‘liberation’, of others in an agent's corpus. We provide two models of liberation via retraction operators: ρ-liberation and linear liberation. We show that the class of ρ-liberation operators is included in the class of linear ones and provide axiomatic (...)
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  39.  95
    A Non-Classical Logical Foundation for Naturalised Realism.Emma Ruttkamp-Bloem, Giovanni Casini & Thomas Meyer - 2015 - In P. & M. Danćak Arazim (ed.), Logica Yearbook 2014. College Publications. pp. 249-266.
    In this paper, by suggesting a formal representation of science based on recent advances in logic-based Artificial Intelligence (AI), we show how three serious concerns around the realisation of traditional scientific realism (the theory/observation distinction, over-determination of theories by data, and theory revision) can be overcome such that traditional realism is given a new guise as ‘naturalised’. We contend that such issues can be dealt with (in the context of scientific realism) by developing a formal representation of science based on (...)
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  40.  17
    The Process of Ethical Decision-Making: Experts Vs Novices.Thomas Van Valey, David Hartmann, Wayne Fuqua, Andrew Evans, Amy Day Ing, Amanda Meyer, Karolina Staros & Chris Walmsley - 2015 - Journal of Academic Ethics 13 (1):45-60.
    As one approach to examining the way ethical decisions are made, we asked experts and novices to review a set of scenarios that depict some important ethical tensions in research. The method employed was “protocol analysis,” a talk-aloud technique pioneered by cognitive scientists for the analysis of expert performance. The participants were asked to verbalize their normally unexpressed thought processes as they responded to the scenarios, and to make recommendations for courses of action. We found that experts spent more time (...)
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  41.  12
    On the Semantics of Combination Operations.Thomas Meyer - 2001 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 11 (1-2):59-84.
    Intelligent agents are often faced with the problem of trying to combine possibly conflicting pieces of information obtained from different sources into a coherent view of the world. We propose a framework for the modelling of such combination operations with roots in the work of Spohn [Spo88, Spo91]. We construct a number of combination operations and we measure them against various properties that such operations ought to satisfy. We conclude by discussing the connection between combination operations and the use of (...)
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  42.  13
    The Process of Ethical Decision-Making: Experts Vs Novices.Chris Walmsley, Karolina Staros, Amanda Meyer, Amy Ing, Andrew Evans, Wayne Fuqua, David Hartmann & Thomas Valey - 2015 - Journal of Academic Ethics 13 (1):45-60.
    As one approach to examining the way ethical decisions are made, we asked experts and novices to review a set of scenarios that depict some important ethical tensions in research. The method employed was “protocol analysis,” a talk-aloud technique pioneered by cognitive scientists for the analysis of expert performance. The participants were asked to verbalize their normally unexpressed thought processes as they responded to the scenarios, and to make recommendations for courses of action. We found that experts spent more time (...)
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  43.  8
    Recht ohne Ethik?Thomas Meyer & Volker Gerhardt - 2005 - In Thomas Meyer & Volker Gerhardt (eds.), Kant Im Streit der Fakultäten. Walter de Gruyter.
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  44.  22
    The Origins of Leo Strauss’s Political Philosophy.Thomas Meyer - 2014 - Idealistic Studies 44 (2-3):209-223.
    This article analyzes Leo Strauss’s early and mature political philosophy in unusual ways. It offers a new reading of known and unknown texts and documents and shows how Leo Strauss became Leo Strauss.
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  45.  16
    Acute Stress – but Not Aversive Scene Content – Impairs Spatial Configuration Learning.Thomas Meyer, Conny W. E. M. Quaedflieg, James A. Bisby & Tom Smeets - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):201-216.
    Contextual learning pervades our perception and cognition and plays a critical role in adjusting to aversive and stressful events. Our ability to memorise spatial context has been studied extensive...
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  46.  4
    Ethical Intuitionism and the Problem of Dogmatism.Thomas Meyer & Tim Rojek - 2018 - In Johannes Müller-Salo (ed.), Robert Audi: Critical Engagements. Springer Verlag. pp. 141-152.
    In this paper, we try to confront Robert Audis moral epistemology, namely his intuitionism, based on the concept of a self-evident moral proposition, with two main problems: disagreement and dogmatism within moral discourse. Although Audi can meet those classical objections in his theory, we think that some problems remain. We proceed – after an introduction – in five sections in order to pursue this end. After a short introductory section, we first reconstruct the classical intuitionist moral epistemology. We then discuss (...)
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  47.  12
    Beyond Words: Sensory Properties of Depressive Thoughts.Steffen Moritz, Claudia Cecile Hörmann, Johanna Schröder, Thomas Berger, Gitta A. Jacob, Björn Meyer, Emily A. Holmes, Christina Späth, Martin Hautzinger, Wolfgang Lutz, Matthias Rose & Jan Philipp Klein - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (6):1047-1056.
  48.  17
    PTL: A Propositional Typicality Logic.Richard Booth, Thomas Meyer & Ivan Varzinczak - 2012 - In Luis Farinas del Cerro, Andreas Herzig & Jerome Mengin (eds.), Logics in Artificial Intelligence. Springer. pp. 107--119.
  49.  30
    Rational Peer Disagreement Upon Sufficient Evidence: Leaving the Track to Truth?Frieder Bögner, Markus Seidel, Konstantin Schnieder & Thomas Meyer - 2018 - In Ludger Jansen & Paul Näger (eds.), Peter van Inwagen. Materialism, Free Will and God. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 17-39.
    In this paper, we will discuss Peter van Inwagen’s contribution to the epistemological debate about revealed peer disagreement. Roughly, this debate focuses on situations in which at least two participants disagree on a certain proposition based on the same evidence. This leads to the problem of how one should react rationally when peer disagreement is revealed. Van Inwagen, as we will show, discusses four possible reactions, all of which he rejects as unsatisfying. Our proposal will be to point to hidden (...)
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  50.  14
    Medizinethische Implikationen Zukünftiger Pharmakogenomischer BehandlungsstrategienBioethical Implications of Pharmacogenomic Treatment Strategies.Thomas Meyer, Uwe Vinkemeier & Ulrich Meyer - 2002 - Ethik in der Medizin 14 (1):3-10.
    Definition of the problem: Recent progress in the pharmacological sciences provides a first glimpse of the development of an individual, genotype-based drug therapy in order to improve the efficiency of drug utilization. Genotyping of genetic polymorphisms in genes involved in drug response promises to optimize drug therapy fundamentally by identifying patients for whom a pharmaceutical agent may be effective and safe or contraindicated because of expected adverse drug reactions. Arguments: The new pharmacogenomic treatment strategies raise complex bioethical issues, because genetic (...)
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