Results for 'Thomas C. Bechtle'

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  1. Dissertations in Philosophy Accepted at American Universities, 1861-1975.Thomas C. Bechtle - 1978 - Garland.
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  2.  70
    Artificial Intelligence Crime: An Interdisciplinary Analysis of Foreseeable Threats and Solutions.Thomas C. King, Nikita Aggarwal, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (1):89-120.
    Artificial intelligence research and regulation seek to balance the benefits of innovation against any potential harms and disruption. However, one unintended consequence of the recent surge in AI research is the potential re-orientation of AI technologies to facilitate criminal acts, term in this article AI-Crime. AIC is theoretically feasible thanks to published experiments in automating fraud targeted at social media users, as well as demonstrations of AI-driven manipulation of simulated markets. However, because AIC is still a relatively young and inherently (...)
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  3. Game Theory: A Practitioner's Approach: Thomas C. Schelling.Thomas C. Schelling - 2010 - Economics and Philosophy 26 (1):27-46.
    To a practitioner in the social sciences, game theory primarily helps to identify situations in which interdependent decisions are somehow problematic; solutions often require venturing into the social sciences. Game theory is usually about anticipating each other's choices; it can also cope with influencing other's choices. To a social scientist the great contribution of game theory is probably the payoff matrix, an accounting device comparable to the equals sign in algebra.
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  4. How to Design AI for Social Good: Seven Essential Factors.Luciano Floridi, Josh Cowls, Thomas C. King & Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (3):1771-1796.
    The idea of artificial intelligence for social good is gaining traction within information societies in general and the AI community in particular. It has the potential to tackle social problems through the development of AI-based solutions. Yet, to date, there is only limited understanding of what makes AI socially good in theory, what counts as AI4SG in practice, and how to reproduce its initial successes in terms of policies. This article addresses this gap by identifying seven ethical factors that are (...)
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  5.  51
    Socratic Moral Psychology.Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Socrates' moral psychology is widely thought to be 'intellectualist' in the sense that, for Socrates, every ethical failure to do what is best is exclusively the result of some cognitive failure to apprehend what is best. Until publication of this book, the view that, for Socrates, emotions and desires have no role to play in causing such failure went unchallenged. This book argues against the orthodox view of Socratic intellectualism and offers in its place a comprehensive alternative account that explains (...)
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  6. Plato's Socrates.Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith (eds.) - 1994 - Oup Usa.
    This book develops novel accounts of many of the most controversial topics in the philosophy of Socrates. The authors first develop Socrates' methodological, epistemological, and psychological views before examining his ethical, political, and religious convictions. The results reveals both the richness and the remarkable coherence of the philosophy of Plato's Socrates.
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  7. Socrates on Reason, Appetite and Passion: A Response to Thomas C. Brickhouse and Nicholas D. Smith, Socratic Moral Psychology. [REVIEW]Christopher Rowe - 2012 - The Journal of Ethics 16 (3):305-324.
    Section 1 of this essay distinguishes between four interpretations of Socratic intellectualism, which are, very roughly: a version in which on any given occasion desire, and then action, is determined by what we think will turn out best for us, that being what we all, always, really desire; a version in which on any given occasion action is determined by what we think will best satisfy our permanent desire for what is really best for us; a version formed by the (...)
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  8. Socrates and His Daimonion: Correspondence Among Gregory Vlastos, Thomas C. Brickhouse, Mark L. McPherran, and Nicholas D. Smith. [REVIEW]Thomas C. Brickhouse - 2000 - In Nicholas D. Smith & Paul Woodruff (eds.), Reason and Religion in Socratic Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 176--204.
     
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  9.  96
    Socrates and the Unity of the Virtues.Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith - 1997 - The Journal of Ethics 1 (4):311-324.
    In the Protagoras, Socrates argues that each of the virtue-terms refers to one thing (: 333b4). But in the Laches (190c8–d5, 199e6–7), Socrates claims that courage is a proper part of virtue as a whole, and at Euthyphro 11e7–12e2, Socrates says that piety is a proper part of justice. But A cannot be both identical to B and also a proper part of B – piety cannot be both identical to justice and also a proper part of justice. In this (...)
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  10.  20
    The Religion of Socrates.Thomas C. Brickhouse & Mark L. McPherran - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (2):279.
    This book is without doubt the most meticulously researched, carefully argued, and comprehensive study of Socratic religion to date. When McPherran refers to the religion of Socrates, he means the religion of the historical Socrates. Like many contemporary scholars, McPherran thinks that Plato’s early dialogues are generally reliable sources for the views of the historical Socrates. With uncommon clarity, the author develops the philosophical and religious commitments of this Socrates and shows how they are really complementary parts of a single (...)
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  11. Socrates on Trial.Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith - 1990 - Princeton University Press.
    Thomas Brickhouse and Nicholas Smith offer a comprehensive historical and philosophical interpretation of, and commentary on, one of Plato's most widely read works, the Apology of Socrates. Virtually every modern interpretation characterizes some part of what Socrates says in the Apology as purposefully irrelevant or even antithetical to convincing the jury to acquit him at his trial. This book, by contrast, argues persuasively that Socrates offers a sincere and well-reasoned defense against the charges he faces. First, the authors establish (...)
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  12. Space, Geometry, and Kant's Transcendental Deduction of the Categories.Thomas C. Vinci - 2015 - Oup Usa.
    Thomas C. Vinci argues that Kant's Deductions demonstrate Kant's idealist doctrines and have the structure of an inference to the best explanation for correlated domains. With the Deduction of the Categories the correlated domains are intellectual conditions and non-geometrical laws of the empirical world. With the Deduction of the Concepts of Space, the correlated domains are the geometry of pure objects of intuition and the geometry of empirical objects.
     
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  13.  58
    Cartesian Truth.Thomas C. Vinci - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    This book argues that science and metaphysics are closely and inseparably interwoven in the work of Descartes, such that the metaphysics cannot be understood without the science and vice versa. In order to make his case, Thomas Vinci offers a careful philosophical reconstruction of central parts of Descartes' metaphysics and of his theory of perception, each considered in relation to Descartes' epistemology. Many authors of late have written on the relation between Descartes' metaphysics and his physics, especially insofar as (...)
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  14. The Agrarian Roots of Pragmatism / Edited by Paul B. Thompson and Thomas C. Hilde.Paul B. Thompson & Thomas C. Hilde (eds.) - 2000 - Vanderbilt University Press.
    The essays in this volume critically analyze and revitalize agrarian philosophy by tracing its evolution in the classical American philosophy of key figures such as Franklin, Jefferson, Emerson, Thoreau, Dewey, and Royce.
     
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  15.  22
    The Philosophy of Socrates.Thomas C. Brickhouse - 2000 - Westview Press.
    This text provides an introduction to Socrates—both the charismatic, controversial historical figure and the essential Socratic philosophy. Written at a beginning level but incorporating recent scholarship, The Philosophy of Socrates offers numerous translations of pertinent passages. As they present these passages, Nicholas Smith and Thomas Brickhouse demonstrate why these passages are problematic, survey the interpretive and philosophical options, and conclude with brief defenses of their own proposed solutions. Throughout, the authors rely on standard translations to parallel accompanying assigned primary (...)
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  16. The Trial and Execution of Socrates: Sources and Controversies.Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith (eds.) - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    Socrates is one of the most important yet enigmatic philosophers of all time; his fame has endured for centuries despite the fact that he never actually wrote anything. In 399 B.C.E., he was tried on the charge of impiety by the citizens of Athens, convicted by a jury, and sentenced to death (ordered to drink poison derived from hemlock). About these facts there is no disagreement. However, as the sources collected in this book and the scholarly essays that follow them (...)
     
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  17.  28
    The Impact of Religion on the Going Concern Reporting Decisions of Local Audit Offices.Thomas C. Omer, Nathan Y. Sharp & Dechun Wang - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 149 (4):811-831.
    We extend research on the effects of local audit office characteristics on audit quality by investigating whether audit offices in highly religious U.S. Metropolitan Statistical Areas exhibit going concern decisions that reflect heightened professional skepticism relative to audit offices in less religious MSAs. Prior research links religiosity to risk aversion and ethical development and suggests audit practice offices in more religious MSAs are more likely to issue going concern opinions because they will assess the effects of mitigating factors in a (...)
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  18.  25
    Prefrontal, Posterior Parietal and Sensorimotor Network Activity Underlying Speed Control During Walking.Thomas C. Bulea, Jonghyun Kim, Diane L. Damiano, Christopher J. Stanley & Hyung-Soon Park - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
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    Response to Critics.Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith - 2012 - Analytic Philosophy 53 (2):234-248.
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  20.  8
    Can Quantitative Research Solve Social Problems? Pragmatism and the Ethics of Social Research.Thomas C. Powell - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 167 (1):41-48.
    Journal of Business Ethics recently published a critique of ethical practices in quantitative research by Zyphur and Pierides. The authors argued that quantitative research prevents researchers from addressing urgent problems facing humanity today, such as poverty, racial inequality, and climate change. I offer comments and observations on the authors’ critique. I agree with the authors in many areas of philosophy, ethics, and social research, while making suggestions for clarification and development. Interpreting the paper through the pragmatism of William James, I (...)
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  21. Reply to Rowe.Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith - 2012 - The Journal of Ethics 16 (3):325-338.
    In our reply to Rowe, we explain why most of what he criticizes is actually the product of his misunderstanding our argument. We begin by showing that nearly all of his Part 1 misconceives our project by defending a position we never attacked. We then question why Rowe thinks the distinction we make between motivational and virtue intellectualism is unimportant before developing a defense of the consistency of our views about different desires. Next we turn to Rowe’s criticisms of our (...)
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  22.  26
    Two Conceptions of Conceptualism and Nonconceptualism.Thomas C. Crowther - 2006 - Erkenntnis 65 (2):245-276.
    Though it enjoys widespread support, the claim that perceptual experiences possess nonconceptual content has been vigorously disputed in the recent literature by those who argue that the content of perceptual experience must be conceptual content. Nonconceptualism and conceptualism are often assumed to be well-defined theoretical approaches that each constitute unitary claims about the contents of experience. In this paper I try to show that this implicit assumption is mistaken, and what consequences this has for the debate about perceptual experience. I (...)
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  23.  3
    Thomas C. Lassman, Edward Condon’s Cooperative Vision: Science, Industry, and Innovation in Modern America. [REVIEW]Joseph D. Martin - 2020 - Minerva 58 (2):315-317.
    In 1934, Edward Uhler Condon, amid supervising graduate students and crafting a research program on atomic spectra, found time to publish an article in the United States Naval Institute Proceedings. “Food and the Theory of Probability” explained, from the standpoint of probability theory, something naval commissarymen had long known: to feed double the number of people, you need not quite double the recipe. “We interpret the effect as due to the statistical fluctuation in the amount of food desired by a (...)
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  24. Reconstructing Individualism: Autonomy, Individuality, and the Self in Western Thought.Thomas C. Heller & Christine Brooke-Rose (eds.) - 1986 - Stanford University Press.
    Introduction THOMAS C. HELLER AND DAVID E. WELLBERY A he essays that follow originated in a conference entitled "Reconstructing Individualism," held at ...
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  25.  32
    Socially Responsible Investing: An Investor Perspective. [REVIEW]Thomas C. Berry & Joan C. Junkus - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 112 (4):707-720.
    Given the growing importance of Socially Responsible Investing (SRI), it is surprising that there is no consensus of what the term SRI means to an investor. Further, most studies of this question rely solely on the views of investors who already invest in SRI funds. Our study surveys a unique pool of approximately 5,000 investors that contains both investors who have used SRI criteria in investment decisions and those who have not, and involves a broad array of criteria associated with (...)
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  26.  12
    Socrates on the Emotions.Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith - 2015 - Plato Journal 15:9-28.
    In Plato’s Protagoras, Socrates clearly indicates that he is a cognitivist about the emotions—in other words, he believes that emotions are in some way constituted by cognitive states. It is perhaps because of this that some scholars have claimed that Socrates believes that the only way to change how others feel about things is to engage them in rational discourse, since that is the only way, such scholars claim, to change another’s beliefs. But in this paper we show that Socrates (...)
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  27.  11
    An Introduction to Plato's Republic.Thomas C. Brickhouse & Julia Annas - 1984 - Philosophical Review 93 (1):147.
  28.  3
    Multidisciplinary Approaches to Exploring Human–Microbiome Interactions.Thomas C. G. Bosch - 2019 - Bioessays 41 (10):1900130.
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  29.  4
    Promoting Ethical Payment in Human Infection Challenge Studies.Holly Fernandez Lynch, Thomas C. Darton, Jae Levy, Frank McCormick, Ubaka Ogbogu, Ruth O. Payne, Alvin E. Roth, Akilah Jefferson Shah, Thomas Smiley & Emily A. Largent - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):11-31.
    To prepare for potential human infection challenge studies involving SARS-CoV-2, we convened a multidisciplinary working group to address ethical questions regarding whether and how much SAR...
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  30.  51
    Aristotle on Corrective Justice.Thomas C. Brickhouse - 2014 - The Journal of Ethics 18 (3):187-205.
    This paper argues against the view favored by many contemporary scholars that corrective justice in the Nicomachean Ethics is essentially compensatory and in favor of a bifunctional account according to which corrective justice aims at equalizing inequalities of both goods and evils resulting from various interactions between persons. Not only does the account defended in this paper better explain the broad array of examples Aristotle provides than does the standard interpretation, it also better fits Aristotle’s general definition of what is (...)
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  31.  93
    Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Plato and the Trial of Socrates.Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith - 2004 - Routledge.
    Plato is the most important philosopher in the history of Western philosophy. This guidebook introduces and examines his three dialogues that deal with the death of Socrates: Euthphryo , Apology and Crito . These dialogues are widely regarded as the closest exposition of Socrates' ideas. Plato and the Trial of Socrates introduces and assesses: * Plato's life and the background to the three dialogues * The ideas and text in the three dialogues * Plato's continuing importance to philosophy Plato and (...)
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  32. Socratic Teaching and Socratic Method.Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith - 2009 - In Harvey Siegel (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Education. Oxford University Press.
     
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  33.  40
    Reflection on Rules in Science: An Invisible-Hand Perspective.Thomas C. Leonard - 2002 - Journal of Economic Methodology 9 (2):141-168.
    Can successful science accommodate a realistic view of scientific motivation? The Received View in theory of science has a theory of scientific success but no theory of scientific motivation. Critical Science Studies has a theory of scientific motivation but denies any prospect for (epistemologically meaningful) scientific success. Neither can answer the question because both regard the question as immaterial. Arguing from the premise that an adequate theory of science needs both a theory of scientific motivation, and a theory of scientific (...)
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  34. Ethics, Law, and the Exercise of Self-Command.Thomas C. Schelling - 1987 - In John Rawls & Sterling M. McMurrin (eds.), Liberty, Equality, and Law: Selected Tanner Lectures on Moral Philosophy. University of Utah Press.
     
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  35. Vlastos on the Elenchus'.Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith - 1984 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 2:185-96.
  36.  27
    Belief, Linguistic Behavior, and Propositional Content.Thomas C. Ryckman - 1986 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (2):277-287.
  37.  64
    Does Aristotle Have a Consistent Account of Vice?Thomas C. Brickhouse - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 57 (1):3 - 23.
    HOW ARE WE TO UNDERSTAND THE PSYCHOLOGY OF VICE in Aristotle’s ethics? As many commentators have noted, it is by no means obvious that Aristotle’s scattered remarks about vice really add up to a coherent account. In several places Aristotle clearly assigns the leading role in the explanation of vicious action to reason. We see this, for example, in the unequivocal claim that acts expressing intemperance are “in accordance with choice”. This is important, in part because it provides a basis (...)
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  38.  12
    Finding a Needle in a Haystack: Toward a Psychologically Informed Method for Aviation Security Screening.Thomas C. Ormerod & Coral J. Dando - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (1):76-84.
  39.  40
    Hydra and the Evolution of Stem Cells.Thomas C. G. Bosch - 2009 - Bioessays 31 (4):478-486.
  40.  44
    The Niche Construction Perspective: A Critical Appraisal.Thomas C. Scott-Phillips, Kevin N. Laland, David M. Shuker, Thomas E. Dickins & Stuart A. West - unknown
    Niche construction refers to the activities of organisms that bring about changes in their environments, many of which are evolutionarily and ecologically consequential. Advocates of niche construction theory (NCT) believe that standard evolutionary theory fails to recognize the full importance of niche construction, and consequently propose a novel view of evolution, in which niche construction and its legacy over time (ecological inheritance) are described as evolutionary processes, equivalent in importance to natural selection. Here, we subject NCT to critical evaluation, in (...)
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  41.  34
    Socrates.Thomas C. Brickhouse - 1992 - Teaching Philosophy 15 (4):397-399.
  42. Language Evolution in the Laboratory.Thomas C. Scott-Phillips & Simon Kirby - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (9):411-417.
  43.  61
    ‘The Divine Sign Did Not Oppose Me’: A Problem in Plato's Apology.Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith - 1986 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 16 (3):511-526.
    After he has been condemned to death, Socrates spends a few minutes talking to the jurors before he is taken away. First, he rebukes those who voted against him for resorting to using the court to kill him when they could have waited and let nature do the same job very soon anyhow, for Socrates is an old man. He next contrasts the evils to which his accusers have resorted to his own unbending resolve never to resort to shameful actions, (...)
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  44.  18
    Socrates Rudebusch Socrates. Pp. Xvi +221. Malden, MA and Oxford: Wiley–Blackwell, 2009. Paper, £14.99, €18. ISBN: 978-1-4051-5086-6. [REVIEW]Thomas C. Brickhouse - 2011 - The Classical Review 61 (1):55-56.
  45.  29
    The Perceptual Theory of Pain.Thomas C. Mayberry - 1978 - Philosophical Investigations 1 (1):31-40.
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  46.  52
    On Believing, Saying and Expressing.Thomas C. Ryckman - 1989 - Synthese 79 (2):191 - 200.
    Examines the connections among believing, saying, and expressing in situations where the sentence used is a declarative sentence containing at least one proper name. Proposes a new way of understanding these connections. Develops an argument for the thesis that, although we typically believe the singular propositions expressed by our uses of name sentences, we rarely use such sentences because we believe those propositions.
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  47.  38
    New on Paternalism and Public Policy.Thomas C. Leonard, Robert S. Goldfarb & Steven M. Suranovic - 2000 - Economics and Philosophy 16 (2):323-331.
    Bill New's (1999) thoughtful paper has performed the valuable service of clarifying the meaning and the policy implications of paternalism. His careful formulation delimits the domain of justified state paternalism. Having argued successfully, in our view, for a narrow ambit, New proceeds to identify situations that justify paternalism. This comment is written in the spirit of a friendly reformulation that refines and improves the specification of when paternalism is justified. Our argument is two-fold. First, we argue that New's formulation, properly (...)
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  48.  83
    Socrates and the Laws of Athens.Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith - 2006 - Philosophy Compass 1 (6):564–570.
  49.  28
    Hieroglyphs, Real Characters, and the Idea of Natural Language in English Seventeenth-Century Thought.Thomas C. Singer - 1989 - Journal of the History of Ideas 50 (1):49.
  50.  31
    The Paradox of the Philosophers' Rule.Thomas C. Brickhouse - 1981 - Apeiron 15 (1):1-9.
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