Results for 'Thomas E. Nichols'

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  1.  46
    Functional Connectomics From Resting-State fMRI.Stephen M. Smith, Diego Vidaurre, Christian F. Beckmann, Matthew F. Glasser, Mark Jenkinson, Karla L. Miller, Thomas E. Nichols, Emma C. Robinson, Gholamreza Salimi-Khorshidi & Mark W. Woolrich - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (12):666-682.
  2.  6
    Both Human and HumaneThe Process of EducationThe Creative Arts in American Education.W. Arnold Lloyd, Charles E. Boewe, Roy F. Nichols, Jerome S. Bruner, Thomas Munro & Herbert Read - 1961 - British Journal of Educational Studies 10 (1):90.
  3.  19
    Folk Retributivism And The Communication Confound.Thomas Nadelhoffer, Saeideh Heshmati, Deanna Kaplan & Shaun Nichols - 2013 - Economics and Philosophy 29 (2):235-261.
    Retributivist accounts of punishment maintain that it is right to punish wrongdoers, even if the punishment has no future benefits. Research in experimental economics indicates that people are willing to pay to punish defectors. A complementary line of work in social psychology suggests that people think that it is right to punish wrongdoers. This work suggests that people are retributivists about punishment. However, all of the extant work contains an important potential confound. The target of the punishment is expected to (...)
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  4. Living Professionalism: Reflections on the Practice of Medicine.Mona Ahmed, Amy Baernstein, Rick Boyte, Mark G. Brennan, Alison S. Clay, David J. Doukas, Denise Gibson, Andrew P. Jacques, Christian J. Krautkramer, Justin M. List, Sandra McNeal, Gwen L. Nichols, Bonnie Salomon, Thomas Schindler, Kathy Stepien & Norma E. Wagoner - 2006 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    A collection of personal narratives and essays, Living Professionalism is designed to help medical students and residents understand and internalize various aspects of professionalism. These essays are meant for personal reflection and above all, for thoughtful discussion with mentors, with peers, with others throughout the health care provider community who care about acting professionally.
     
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  5.  11
    Memoirs of Fellows and Corresponding Fellows of the Medieval Academy of America.Giles Constable, Nancy van Deusen, Paul E. Szarmach, Thomas Bisson, Constantin Fasolt, Samuel G. Armistead, Stephen G. Nichols & Gerard J. Brault - 2005 - Speculum 80 (3):1035-1039.
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  6.  38
    Thomas E. Uebel. Epistemic Agency Naturalized: The Protocol of Testimony Acceptance.Alan W. Richardson & Thomas E. Uebel - 2005 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 79 (1):89–105.
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  7.  39
    Clinical Audit and Reform of the UK Research Ethics Review System.E. Cave & C. Nichols - 2007 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (3):181-203.
    There is an international consensus that medical research involving humans should only be undertaken in accordance with ethical principles. Paradoxically though, there is no consensus over the kinds of activities that constitute research and should be subject to review. In the UK and elsewhere, research requiring review is distinguished from clinical audit. Unfortunately the two activities are not always easy to differentiate from one another. Moreover, as the volume of audit increases and becomes more formal in response to the demand (...)
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  8.  28
    Thomas Reid's Theory of Perception. [REVIEW]Patrick Rysiew - 2008 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 46 (4):pp. 647-648.
    Thanks in no small part to the recognition afforded it by such established figures as William Alston, Keith Lehrer, Alvin Plantinga, and others, Thomas Reid’s philosophy is, at long last, getting the serious attention that it deserves. Ryan Nichols is among the generation of younger scholars who are making Reid’s work a focus of their research, and he has written an excellent book examining Reid’s views on perception.Previous treatments have been either in articles or part of a larger (...)
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  9.  69
    Dignity and Practical Reason in Kant's Moral Theory.Thomas E. Hill - 2020 - Cornell University Press.
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  10.  28
    Reforming the Ethical Review System: Balancing the Rights and Interests of Research Participants with the Duty to Facilitate Good Research.E. Cave & C. Nichols - 2007 - Clinical Ethics 2 (2):74-79.
    Researchers have frequently complained that the NHS ethical review system stifles good research. At last measures are being put in place to address this criticism, but will they undermine the protection of research participants? The Declaration of Helsinki recognizes that medicine will not progress without good quality research, but also demands that the well-being of research participants takes precedence over the interests of science and society. This article examines the implications of the ongoing reform of the NHS research ethics review (...)
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  11.  5
    Dissent By Thomas E. Elkins, M.D. Thoughts on Cloning.Thomas E. Elkins - 1994 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 4 (3):281-282.
  12.  45
    Virtue, Rules, and Justice: Kantian Aspirations.Thomas E. Hill - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Thomas E. Hill, Jr., interprets and extends Kant's moral theory in a series of essays that highlight its relevance to contemporary ethics. He introduces the major themes of Kantian ethics and explores its practical application to questions about revolution, prison reform, and forcible interventions in other countries for humanitarian purposes.
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  13. The Hypothetical Imperative.Thomas E. Hill - 1973 - Philosophical Review 82 (4):429-450.
  14.  65
    Thinking on Screen: Film as Philosophy.Thomas E. Wartenberg - 2009 - Routledge.
    Thinking on Screen: Film as Philosophy is an accessible and thought-provoking examination of the way films raise and explore complex philosophical ideas. Written in a clear and engaging style, Thomas Wartenberg examines films’ ability to discuss, and even criticize ideas that have intrigued and puzzled philosophers over the centuries such as the nature of personhood, the basis of morality, and epistemological skepticism. Beginning with a demonstration of how specific forms of philosophical discourse are presented cinematically, Wartenberg moves on to (...)
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  15. Happiness and Human Flourishing in Kant's Ethics: THOMAS E. HILL, JR.Thomas E. Hill - 1999 - Social Philosophy and Policy 16 (1):143-175.
    Ancient moral philosophers, especially Aristotle and his followers, typically shared the assumption that ethics is primarily concerned with how to achieve the final end for human beings, a life of “happiness” or “human flourishing.” This final end was not a subjective condition, such as contentment or the satisfaction of our preferences, but a life that could be objectively determined to be appropriate to our nature as human beings. Character traits were treated as moral virtues because they contributed well toward this (...)
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  16. Dignity and Practical Reason in Kant's Moral Theory.Thomas E. Hill - 1992 - Cornell University Press.
  17.  55
    Overcoming Logical Positivism From Within: The Emergence of Neurath’s Naturalism in the Vienna Circle’s Protocol Sentence Debate.Thomas E. Uebel (ed.) - 1992 - Rodopi.
    Chapter INTRODUCTION: OTTO NEURATH, THE VIENNA CIRCLE AND THE PROTOCOL SENTENCE DEBATE Everybody familiar with contemporary analytical philosophy is likely ...
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  18.  25
    Reasonable Self-Interest*: THOMAS E. HILL, JR.Thomas E. Hill - 1997 - Social Philosophy and Policy 14 (1):52-85.
    Philosophers have debated for millennia about whether moral requirements are always rational to follow. The background for these debates is often what I shall call “the self-interest model.” The guiding assumption here is that the basic demand of reason, to each person, is that one must, above all, advance one's self-interest. Alternatively, debate may be framed by a related, but significantly different, assumption: the idea that the basic rational requirement is to develop and pursue a set of personal ends in (...)
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  19. Autonomy and Self-Respect.Thomas E. Hill - 1991 - Cambridge University Press.
    This stimulating collection of essays in ethics eschews the simple exposition and refinement of abstract theories. Rather, the author focuses on everyday moral issues, often neglected by philosophers, and explores the deeper theoretical questions which they raise. Such issues are: Is it wrong to tell a lie to protect someone from a painful truth? Should one commit a lesser evil to prevent another from doing something worse? Can one be both autonomous and compassionate? Other topics discussed are servility, weakness of (...)
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  20. The Message of Affirmative Action: THOMAS E. HILL, JR.Thomas E. Hill - 1991 - Social Philosophy and Policy 8 (2):108-129.
    Affirmative action programs remain controversial, I suspect, partly because the familiar arguments for and against them start from significantly different moral perspectives. Thus I want to step back for a while from the details of debate about particular programs and give attention to the moral viewpoints presupposed in different types of argument. My aim, more specifically, is to compare the “messages” expressed when affirmative action is defended from different moral perspectives. Exclusively forward-looking arguments, I suggest, tend to express the wrong (...)
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  21.  23
    Collected Papers. [REVIEW]Thomas E. Hill & John Rawls - 2001 - Journal of Philosophy 98 (5):269-272.
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  22.  40
    The Practice of Moral Judgment.Thomas E. Hill - 1995 - Journal of Philosophy 92 (1):47.
  23. Servility and Self-Respect.Jr Thomas E. Hill - 1973 - The Monist 57 (1):87 - 104.
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  24.  65
    Moral Construction as a Task: Sources and Limits: Thomas E. Hill, Jr.Thomas E. Hill - 2008 - Social Philosophy and Policy 25 (1):214-236.
    This essay first distinguishes different questions regarding moral objectivity and relativism and then sketches a broadly Kantian position on two of these questions. First, how, if at all, can we derive, justify, or support specific moral principles and judgments from more basic moral standards and values? Second, how, if at all, can the basic standards such as my broadly Kantian perspective, be defended? Regarding the first question, the broadly Kantian position is that from ideas in Kant's later formulations of the (...)
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  25.  5
    [Book Review] the Forms of Power, From Domination to Transformation. [REVIEW]Thomas E. Wartenberg - 1991 - Social Theory and Practice 17:105-130.
  26. Hypothetical Consent in Kantian Constructivism*: THOMAS E. HILL, JR.Thomas E. Hill - 2001 - Social Philosophy and Policy 18 (2):300-329.
    Epistemology, as I understand it, is a branch of philosophy especially concerned with general questions about how we can know various things or at least justify our beliefs about them. It questions what counts as evidence and what are reasonable sources of doubt. Traditionally, episte-mology focuses on pervasive and apparently basic assumptions covering a wide range of claims to knowledge or justified belief rather than very specific, practical puzzles. For example, traditional epistemologists ask “How do we know there are material (...)
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  27. Hegel's Idealism: The Logic of Conceptuality'.Thomas E. Wartenberg - 1993 - In Frederick C. Beiser (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Hegel. Cambridge University Press. pp. 102--29.
     
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  28.  60
    Beyond Mere Illustration: How Films Can Be Philosophy.Thomas E. Wartenberg - 2006 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 64 (1):19–32.
  29.  60
    Neurath's Programme for Naturalistic Epistemology.Thomas E. Uebel - 1991 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 22 (4):623-646.
    I examine the thesis that Otto Neurath anticipated the programme of naturalised epistemology already at the time of the Vienna Circle and consider the relation between Neurath's proposals and those of two contemporary theorists whose research programmes he would thus have broadly anticipated. The thesis is confirmed by reference to Neurath's own writings. The connection between Neurath's programme and the programmes of his two successors considered here, however, is found to be highly indirect in one case and nonexistent in the (...)
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  30. Philosophy in Classrooms and Beyond: New Approaches to Picture-Book Philosophy.Thomas E. Wartenberg (ed.) - 2019 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Hands on advice about how to implement philosophy for children programs.
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  31.  31
    Deep Brain Stimulation to Reward Circuitry Alleviates Anhedonia in Refractory Major Depression.Thomas E. Schlaepfer, Michael X. Cohen, Caroline Frick, Markus Mathaus Kosel, Daniela Brodesser, Nikolai Axmacher, Alexius Young Joe, Martina Kreft, Doris Lenartz & Volker Sturm - unknown
    Deep brain stimulation to different sites allows interfering with dysfunctional network function implicated in major depression. Because a prominent clinical feature of depression is anhedonia--the inability to experience pleasure from previously pleasurable activities--and because there is clear evidence of dysfunctions of the reward system in depression, DBS to the nucleus accumbens might offer a new possibility to target depressive symptomatology in otherwise treatment-resistant depression. Three patients suffering from extremely resistant forms of depression, who did not respond to pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, and (...)
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  32.  74
    Anti-Foundationalism and the Vienna Circle's Revolution in Philosophy.Thomas E. Uebel - 1996 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (3):415-440.
    The tendency to attribute foundationalist ambitions to the Vienna Circle has long obscured our view of its attempted revolution in philosophy. The present paper makes the case for a consistently epistemologically anti-foundationalist interpretation of all three of the Circle's main protagonists: Schlick, Carnap, and Neurath. Corresponding to the intellectual fault lines within the Circle, two ways of going about the radical reorientation of the pursuit of philosophy will then be distinguished and the contemporary potential of Carnap's and Neurath's project explored.
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  33.  33
    Justifying Partiality in Care Ethics.Thomas E. Randall - 2020 - Res Publica 26 (1):67-87.
    A central focus of care ethics is on the compelling moral salience of attending to the needs of our particular others. However, there is no consensus within the care literature for how and when such partiality is morally justified. This article outlines and defends a novel justificatory argument that grounds partiality in the facts and values of the relation itself. Specifically, this article argues that partiality is justified when grounded in caring values exemplified in good caring relations. Hence, this justification (...)
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  34. A Taxonomy of Granular Partitions.Thomas E. Bittner & Barry Smith - 2001 - In Daniel Montello (ed.), Spatial Information Theory. Foundations of Geographic Information Science. Berlin: Springer. pp. 28-43.
    In this paper we propose a formal theory of partitions (ways of dividing up or sorting or mapping reality) and we show how the theory can be applied in the geospatial domain. We characterize partitions at two levels: as systems of cells (theory A), and in terms of their projective relation to reality (theory B). We lay down conditions of well-formedness for partitions and we define what it means for partitions to project truly onto reality. We continue by classifying well-formed (...)
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  35.  64
    On the Production, History, and Aspects of the Reception of the Vienna Circle's Manifesto.Thomas E. Uebel - 2008 - Perspectives on Science 16 (1):70-102.
    : Considerable unclarity exists in the literature concerning the origin and authorship of Wissenschaftliche Weltauffassung. Der Wiener Kreis, the Vienna Circle's manifesto of 1929 and on the extent of and the reasons for the mixed reception it received in the Circle itself. This paper reconsiders these matters on the light of so far insufficiently consulted documents.
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  36.  91
    Logical Empiricism and the Sociology of Knowledge: The Case of Neurath and Frank.Thomas E. Uebel - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):150.
    Logical Empiricism is commonly regarded as uninterested in, if not hostile to sociological investigations of science. This paper reconstructs the views of Otto Neurath and Philipp Frank on the legitimacy and relevance of sociological investigations of theory choice. It is argued that while there obtains a surprising degree of convergence between their programmatic pronouncements and the Strong Programme, the two types of project nevertheless remain distinct. The key to this differences lies in the different assessment of a supposed dilemma facing (...)
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  37. Big Ideas for Little Kids: Teaching Philosophy Through Children's Literature.Thomas E. Wartenberg - 2009 - R&L Education.
    Written in a clear and accessible style, this book explains why it is important to allow young children access to philosophy during primary-school education. For more information, visit www.teachingchildrenphilosophy.org.
     
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  38. Respect, Pluralism, and Justice: Kantian Perspectives.Thomas E. Hill - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    Respect, Pluralism, and Justice is a series of essays which sketches a broadly Kantian framework for moral deliberation, and then uses it to address important social and political issues. Hill shows how Kantian theory can be developed to deal with questions about cultural diversity, punishment, political violence, responsibility for the consequences of wrongdoing, and state coercion in a pluralistic society.
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  39.  95
    Human Welfare and Moral Worth: Kantian Perspectives.Thomas E. Hill - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    Thomas Hill, a leading figure in the recent development of Kantian moral philosophy, presents a set of essays exploring the implications of basic Kantian ideas for practical issues. The first part of the book provides background in central themes in Kant's ethics; the second part discusses questions regarding human welfare; the third focuses on moral worth-the nature and grounds of moral assessment of persons as deserving esteem or blame. Hill shows moral, political, and social philosophers just how valuable moral (...)
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  40.  8
    Values in Good Caring Relations.Thomas E. Randall - 2018 - Feminist Philosophy Quarterly 4 (3).
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  41.  49
    Neurath's Protocol Statements: A Naturalistic Theory of Data and Pragmatic Theory of Theory Acceptance.Thomas E. Uebel - 1993 - Philosophy of Science 60 (4):587-607.
    Neurath's proposal for the form of protocol statements explicates the multiple embedding of a singular sentence as specifying different conditions for the acceptance of such a sentence as a bona fide scientific datum. Before theories are accepted or rejected in the light of such evidence, however, a further condition must be met which Neurath did not formalize. The different conditions are discussed and shown to constitute a naturalistic theory of scientific data and a pragmatic theory of theory acceptance.
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  42. A Sneetch is a Sneetch and Other Philosophical Discoveries: Finding Wisdom in Children's Literature.Thomas E. Wartenberg - 2013 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    _Taking Picture Books Seriously: What can we learn about philosophy through children's books?_ This warm and charming volume casts a spell on adult readers as it unveils the surprisingly profound philosophical wisdom contained in children's picture books, from Dr Seuss's _Sneetches_ to William Steig's _Shrek!_. With a light touch and good humor, Wartenberg discusses the philosophical ideas in these classic stories, and provides parents with a practical starting point for discussing philosophical issues with their children. Accessible and multi-layered, it answers (...)
     
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  43.  53
    Carnap and Neurath in Exile: Can Their Disputes Be Resolved?Thomas E. Uebel - 2001 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 15 (2):211 – 220.
  44. The Kantian Conception of Autonomy.Thomas E. Hill - 1989 - In John Philip Christman (ed.), The Inner Citadel: Essays on Individual Autonomy. Oxford University Press. pp. 91--105.
  45.  56
    Thomas Reid's Theory of Perception.Ryan Nichols - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Nichols offers the first comprehensive interpretation of the eighteenth-century Scottish philosopher Thomas Reid's theory of perception - by far the most important feature of his philosophical system. Nichols's consummate knowledge of Reid's texts, lively examples, and plainspoken style make this book especially readable. It will be the definitive analysis for a long time to come.
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  46.  14
    7 Reason and the Practice of Science.Thomas E. Wartenberg - 1992 - In Paul Guyer (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Kant. Cambridge University Press. pp. 3--228.
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  47.  41
    Learning Logical Tolerance: Hans Hahn on the Foundations of Mathematics.Thomas E. Uebel - 2005 - History and Philosophy of Logic 26 (3):175-209.
    Hans Hahn's long-neglected philosophy of mathematics is reconstructed here with an eye to his anticipation of the doctrine of logical pluralism. After establishing that Hahn pioneered a post-Tractarian conception of tautologies and attempted to overcome the traditional foundational dispute in mathematics, Hahn's and Carnap's work is briefly compared with Karl Menger's, and several significant agreements or differences between Hahn's and Carnap's work are specified and discussed.
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  48.  72
    The Forms of Power.Thomas E. Wartenberg - 1988 - Analyse & Kritik 10 (3):3-31.
    The question of how to define the concept of social power has been a focus of controversy among social theorists. In this paper, I put forward a definition of social power that avoids many of the pitfalls of previous attempts at such a definition. Roughly, I define the power which one agent has over another as the ability that the dominant agent has to control the situation within which the subservient agent acts. Using this basic definition of power, I go (...)
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  49.  86
    Philosophy Screened: Experiencing the Matrix.Thomas E. Wartenberg - 2003 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 27 (1):139–152.
  50.  42
    Otto Neurath, the Vienna Circle and the Austrian Tradition: Thomas E. Uebel.Thomas E. Uebel - 1999 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 44:249-269.
    It is one of the distinctive claims of Neurath, though not of the Vienna Circle generally, that the Vienna Circle's philosophy was not really German philosophy at all. The relation is, if Neurath is to be trusted, anything but straight-forward. To understand it, not only must some effort be expended on specifying Neurath's claim, but also on delineating the different party-lines within the Vienna Circle.
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