60 found
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  1. Enactive Intersubjectivity: Participatory Sense-Making and Mutual Incorporation.Thomas Fuchs & Hanne de Jaegher - 2009 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 8 (4):465-486.
    Current theories of social cognition are mainly based on a representationalist view. Moreover, they focus on a rather sophisticated and limited aspect of understanding others, i.e. on how we predict and explain others’ behaviours through representing their mental states. Research into the ‘social brain’ has also favoured a third-person paradigm of social cognition as a passive observation of others’ behaviour, attributing it to an inferential, simulative or projective process in the individual brain. In this paper, we present a concept of (...)
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  2. Temporality and Psychopathology.Thomas Fuchs - 2013 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (1):75-104.
    The paper first introduces the concept of implicit and explicit temporality, referring to time as pre-reflectively lived vs. consciously experienced. Implicit time is based on the constitutive synthesis of inner time consciousness on the one hand, and on the conative–affective dynamics of life on the other hand. Explicit time results from an interruption or negation of implicit time and unfolds itself in the dimensions of present, past and future. It is further shown that temporality, embodiment and intersubjectivity are closely connected: (...)
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  3.  93
    The Extended Body: A Case Study in the Neurophenomenology of Social Interaction. [REVIEW]Tom Froese & Thomas Fuchs - 2012 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 11 (2):205-235.
    There is a growing realization in cognitive science that a theory of embodied intersubjectivity is needed to better account for social cognition. We highlight some challenges that must be addressed by attempts to interpret ‘simulation theory’ in terms of embodiment, and argue for an alternative approach that integrates phenomenology and dynamical systems theory in a mutually informing manner. Instead of ‘simulation’ we put forward the concept of the ‘extended body’, an enactive and phenomenological notion that emphasizes the socially mediated nature (...)
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  4.  73
    The Phenomenology and Development of Social Perspectives.Thomas Fuchs - 2013 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (4):655-683.
    The paper first gives a conceptual distinction of the first, second and third person perspectives in social cognition research and connects them to the major present theories of understanding others (simulation, interaction and theory theory). It then argues for a foundational role of second person interactions for the development of social perspectives. To support this thesis, the paper analyzes in detail how infants, in particular through triangular interactions with persons and objects, expand their understanding of perspectives and arrive at a (...)
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  5. Corporealized and Disembodied Minds: A Phenomenological View of the Body in Melancholia and Schizophrenia.Thomas Fuchs - 2005 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 12 (2):95-107.
  6. The Phenomenology of Shame, Guilt and the Body in Body Dysmorphic Disorder and Depression.Thomas Fuchs - 2002 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 33 (2):223-243.
    From a phenomenological viewpoint, shame and guilt may be regarded as emotions which have incorporated the gaze and the voice of the other, respectively. The spontaneous and unreflected performance of the primordial bodily self has suffered a rupture: In shame or guilt we are rejected, separated from the others, and thrown back on ourselves. This reflective turn of spontaneous experience is connected with an alienation of primordial bodiliness that may be described as a "corporealization": The lived-body is changed into the (...)
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  7.  80
    Embodied Cognitive Neuroscience and its Consequences for Psychiatry.Thomas Fuchs - 2009 - Poiesis and Praxis 6 (3-4):219-233.
    Recent years have seen the emergence of a new interdisciplinary field called embodied or enactive cognitive science. Whereas traditional representationalism rests on a fixed inside–outside distinction, the embodied cognition perspective views mind and brain as a biological system that is rooted in body experience and interaction with other individuals. Embodiment refers to both the embedding of cognitive processes in brain circuitry and to the origin of these processes in an organism’s sensory–motor experience. Thus, action and perception are no longer interpreted (...)
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  8.  28
    Depression, Intercorporeality, and Interaffectivity.Thomas Fuchs - 2013 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (7-8):7-8.
    According to current opinion in western psychopathology, depression is regarded as a disorder of mood and affect on the one hand, and as a distortion of cognition on the other. Disturbances of bodily experience and of social relations are regarded as secondary to the primarily 'inner'and individual disorder. However, quite different concepts can be found in cultures whose members do not experience themselves as much as separate individuals but rather as parts of social communities. Disorders of mood or well-being are (...)
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  9.  88
    The Psychopathology of Hyperreflexivity.Thomas Fuchs - 2010 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 24 (3):239-255.
    The structure of human embodiment is fundamentally characterized by a polarity or ambiguity between Leib and Körper, the subjective body and the objectified body, or between being-body and having-a-body. This ambiguity, emphasized, above all, by Helmuth Plessner and Maurice Merleau-Ponty, is also of crucial significance for psychopathology. Insofar as mental illnesses disturb or interrupt the unhindered conduct of one’s life, they also exacerbate the tension within embodiment that holds between being-body and having-a-body. In mental illnesses, there is a failure of (...)
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  10.  75
    Does Any Aspect of Mind Survive Brain Damage That Typically Leads to a Persistent Vegetative State? Ethical Considerations.Jaak Panksepp, Thomas Fuchs, Victor Abella Garcia & Adam Lesiak - 2007 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2:32-.
    Recent neuroscientific evidence brings into question the conclusion that all aspects of consciousness are gone in patients who have descended into a persistent vegetative state (PVS). Here we summarize the evidence from human brain imaging as well as neurological damage in animals and humans suggesting that some form of consciousness can survive brain damage that commonly causes PVS. We also raise the issue that neuroscientific evidence indicates that raw emotional feelings (primary-process affects) can exist without any cognitive awareness of those (...)
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  11.  7
    Leiblichkeit und personale Identität in der Demenz.Thomas Fuchs - 2018 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 66 (1):48-61.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie Jahrgang: 66 Heft: 1 Seiten: 48-61.
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  12.  44
    Implicit and Explicit Temporality.Thomas Fuchs - 2005 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 12 (3):195-198.
  13.  7
    Overcoming Disembodiment: The Effect of Movement Therapy on Negative Symptoms in Schizophrenia—A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial.Lily A. L. Martin, Sabine C. Koch, Dusan Hirjak & Thomas Fuchs - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  14.  20
    The Brain--A Mediating Organ.Thomas Fuchs - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (7-8):7-8.
    Cognitive neuroscience has been driven by the idea that by reductionist analysis of mechanisms within a solitary brain one can best understand how the human mind is constituted and what its nature is. The brain thus came to appear as the creator of the mind and the experienced world. In contrast, the paper argues for an ecological view of mind and brain as both being embedded in the relation of the living organism and its environment. This approach is crucially dependent (...)
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  15.  34
    Body Memory, Metaphor and Movement.Sabine C. Koch, Thomas Fuchs, Michela Summa & Cornelia Müller (eds.) - 2012 - John Benjamins.
    Body Memory, Metaphor and Movement is an interdisciplinary volume with contributions from philosophers, cognitive scientists, and movement therapists. Part one provides the phenomenologically grounded definition of body memory with its different typologies. Part two follows the aim to integrate phenomenology, conceptual metaphor theory, and embodiment approaches from the cognitive sciences for the development of appropriate empirical methods to address body memory. Part three inquires into the forms and effects of therapeutic work with body memory, based on the integration of theory, (...)
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  16.  15
    Selbst Und Schizophrenie.Thomas Fuchs - 2012 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 60 (6):887-901.
    Current phenomenological approaches consider schizophrenia as a fundamental disturbance of the embodied self, or a disembodiment. This includes a weakening of the basic sense of self, a disruption of implicit bodily functioning, and a disconnection from the intercorporality with others. As a result of this disembodiment, the pre-reflective, practical immersion of the self in the shared world is lost. Instead, the relationship of self and world is in constant need of reconstruction by deliberate efforts, leading to the growing perplexity and (...)
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  17.  18
    Grasping Intersubjectivity: An Invitation to Embody Social Interaction Research.Hanne De Jaegher, Barbara Pieper, Daniel Clénin & Thomas Fuchs - 2017 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 16 (3):491-523.
    Underlying the recent focus on embodied and interactive aspects of social understanding are several intuitions about what roles the body, interaction processes, and interpersonal experience play. In this paper, we introduce a systematic, hands-on method for investigating the experience of interacting and its role in intersubjectivity. Special about this method is that it starts from the idea that researchers of social understanding are themselves one of the best tools for their own investigations. The method provides ways for researchers to calibrate (...)
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  18.  5
    Body Memory and the Emergence of Metaphor in Movement and Speech.Astrid Kolter, Silva H. Ladewig, H. Michela Summa, Cornelia Muller, Sabine C. Koch & Thomas Fuchs - 2012 - In Sabine C. Koch, Thomas Fuchs, Michela Summa & Cornelia Müller (eds.), Body Memory, Metaphor and Movement. John Benjamins. pp. 201.
  19. Mind, Meaning, and the Brain.Thomas Fuchs - 2002 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 9 (3):261-264.
  20.  19
    One Century of Karl Jaspers' General Psychopathology.Giovanni Stanghellini & Thomas Fuchs (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    2013 sees the centenary of Jaspers' foundation of psychopathology as a science with the publication of his magnum opus the Allgemeine Psychopathologie (General Psychopathology), Many of the issues concerning methodology and diagnosis are today the subject of much discussion and debate. This volume brings together leading psychiatrists and philosophers to discuss the impact of this volume, its relevance today, and the legacy it left.
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  21.  40
    The Tacit Dimension.Thomas Fuchs - 2001 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 8 (4):323-326.
  22.  86
    The Notion of “Killing”. Causality, Intention, and Motivation in Active and Passive Euthanasia.Thomas Fuchs - 1998 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 1 (3):245-253.
    As a new approach to the still unsettled problem of a morally significant difference between active and passive euthanasia, the meanings of the notion of killing are distinguished on the levels of causality, intention, and motivation. This distinction allows a thorough analysis and refutation of arguments for the equality of killing and letting die which are often put forward in the euthanasia debate. Moreover, an investigation into the structure of the physician's action on those three levels yields substantial differences between (...)
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  23.  4
    Wege aus dem Ego-Tunnel.Thomas Fuchs - 2015 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 63 (5).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie Jahrgang: 63 Heft: 5 Seiten: 801-823.
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  24.  35
    Presence in Absence. The Ambiguous Phenomenology of Grief.Thomas Fuchs - 2018 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 17 (1):43-63.
    Despite its complex experiential structure, the phenomenon of grief following bereavement has not been a major topic of phenomenological research. The paper investigates its basic structures, elaborating as its core characteristic a conflict between a presentifying and a ‘de-presentifying’ intention: In grief, the subject experiences a fundamental ambiguity between presence and absence of the deceased, between the present and the past, indeed between two worlds he lives in. This phenomenological structure will be analyzed under several aspects: regarding bodily experience, as (...)
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  25. Overcoming Dualism.Thomas Fuchs - 2005 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 12 (2):115-117.
  26.  48
    Self Across Time: The Diachronic Unity of Bodily Existence.Thomas Fuchs - 2017 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 16 (2):291-315.
    The debate on personal persistence has been characterized by a dichotomy which is due to its still Cartesian framwork: On the one side we find proponents of psychological continuity who connect, in Locke’s tradition, the persistence of the person with the constancy of the first-person perspective in retrospection. On the other side, proponents of a biological approach take diachronic identity to consist in the continuity of the organism as the carrier of personal existence from a third-person-perspective. Thus, what accounts for (...)
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  27.  9
    Psychopathologie der Hyperreflexivität.Thomas Fuchs - 2011 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 59 (4):565-576.
    As a rule, mental illnesses are connected with increased self-observation, a narrowing of attention to one′s own person, and with the backward turn of thinking to what has already been done or has happened. These phenomena can be summed up in the concept of hyperreflexivity. In this paper, this concept is interpreted against the background of Plessner′s distinction between the lived and the objective body as implying always already a component of self-alienation. This will be illustrated in a number of (...)
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  28.  2
    The Psychopathology of Hyperreflexivity.Thomas Fuchs - 2010 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 24 (3):239.
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  29. 1. Front Matter Front Matter.Richard Shusterman, Gernot Böhme, Thomas Fuchs, Hans-Peter Krüger, Gesa Lindemann, Millay Hyatt, Andreas Heinz & Ulrike Kluge - 2010 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 24 (3).
     
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  30.  30
    The European China-Receptions From Leibniz to Kant Translation by Martin Schönfeld.Thomas Fuchs - 2006 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 33 (1):35–49.
  31.  16
    Schizophrenia and Intersubjectivity: An Embodied and Enactive Approach to Psychopathology and Psychotherapy.Thomas Fuchs & Frank Röhricht - 2017 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 24 (2):127-142.
    Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that calls the mineness of one's own sensations, thoughts and actions into question and threatens the person with a loss of self. In order to understand this illness in its essence, an approach based on phenomenological psychopathology is therefore indispensable. Conversely, disorders of the self in schizophrenia should be of crucial interest for any philosophy of subjectivity in order to test its concepts of self-awareness, personhood and intersubjectivity by reference to empirical phenomena.Contemporary neurobiological concepts of (...)
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  32.  39
    The Phenomenology of Body Memory.Thomas Fuchs - 2012 - In Sabine C. Koch, Thomas Fuchs, Michela Summa & Cornelia Müller (eds.), Body Memory, Metaphor and Movement. John Benjamins. pp. 84--9.
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  33.  4
    Jürgen Kriz : Subjekt und Lebenswelt. Personzentrierte Systemtheorie für Psychotherapie, Beratung und Coaching. Verlag Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 300 Seiten, € 30, als E-Book € 23,99, ISBN 978-3-525-49163-8. [REVIEW]Thomas Fuchs - 2018 - Gestalt Theory 40 (1):75-80.
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  34.  4
    Self-Experience in Dementia.Michela Summa & Thomas Fuchs - 2015 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 6 (2):387-405.
    This paper develops a phenomenological analysis of the disturbances of self-experience in dementia. After considering the lack of conceptual clarity regarding the notions of self and person in current research on dementia, we develop a phenomenological theory of the structure of self-experience in the first section. Within this complex structure, we distinguish between the basic level of pre-reflective self-awareness, the episodic sense of self, and the narrative constitution of the self. In the second section, we focus on dementia and argue (...)
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  35.  18
    Das Ringen mit der Tradition. Die Kritik an Kirche und Religion in der Historiographie der Aufklärungsepoche.Thomas Fuchs - 2003 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 55 (2):121-137.
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  36.  1
    Dépression, inter-corporéité et inter-affectivité.Thomas Fuchs - 2016 - Alter: revue de phénoménologie 24:197-210.
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  37.  8
    Embodied Knowledge – Embodied Memory.Thomas Fuchs - 2016 - In Harald A. Wiltsche & Sonja Rinofner-Kreidl (eds.), Analytic and Continental Philosophy: Methods and Perspectives. Proceedings of the 37th International Wittgenstein Symposium. De Gruyter. pp. 215-230.
  38.  7
    From Body Image to Emotional Bodily Experience in Eating Disorders.María Isabel Gaete & Thomas Fuchs - 2016 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 47 (1):17-40.
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  39.  2
    Bookreview. [REVIEW]Thomas Fuchs - 2017 - Gestalt Theory 39 (1):98-100.
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  40.  6
    Modeling Gas Hydrate Petroleum Systems of the Pleistocene Turbiditic Sedimentary Sequences of the Daini-Atsumi Area, Eastern Nankai Trough, Japan.Tetsuya Fujii, Than Tin Aung, Naoya Wada, Yuhei Komatsu, Kiyofumi Suzuki, Toshiyasu Ukita, Bjorn Wygrala, Thomas Fuchs, Wolf Rottke & Kosuke Egawa - 2016 - Interpretation: SEG 4 (1):SA95-SA111.
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  41.  9
    Replication and Pedagogy in the History of Psychology IV: Patrick and Gilbert (1896) on Sleep Deprivation.Thomas Fuchs & Jeffrey Burgdorf - 2008 - Science & Education 17 (5):511-524.
  42.  13
    Theologische Verwandtschaft. Augustinus von Hippo und Joseph Ratzinger / Papst Benedikt XVI.Thomas Fuchs - 2009 - Augustinianum 49 (1):300-301.
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  43.  2
    Einleitung: Verkörperung als Paradigma einer neuen Anthropologie.Christian Tewes, Thomas Fuchs & Gregor Etzelmüller - 2017 - In Christian Tewes, Thomas Fuchs & Gregor Etzelmüller (eds.), Verkörperung - Eine Neue Interdisziplinäre Anthropologie. De Gruyter. pp. 1-30.
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  44.  2
    Inhalt.Christian Tewes, Thomas Fuchs & Gregor Etzelmüller - 2017 - In Christian Tewes, Thomas Fuchs & Gregor Etzelmüller (eds.), Verkörperung - Eine Neue Interdisziplinäre Anthropologie. De Gruyter.
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  45.  2
    Sachindex.Christian Tewes, Thomas Fuchs & Gregor Etzelmüller - 2017 - In Christian Tewes, Thomas Fuchs & Gregor Etzelmüller (eds.), Verkörperung - Eine Neue Interdisziplinäre Anthropologie. De Gruyter. pp. 423-428.
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  46.  2
    Vorwort.Christian Tewes, Thomas Fuchs & Gregor Etzelmüller - 2017 - In Christian Tewes, Thomas Fuchs & Gregor Etzelmüller (eds.), Verkörperung - Eine Neue Interdisziplinäre Anthropologie. De Gruyter.
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  47.  5
    Body Memory.Michela Summa, Sabine C. Koch, Thomas Fuchs & Cornelia Müller - 2012 - In Sabine C. Koch, Thomas Fuchs, Michela Summa & Cornelia Müller (eds.), Body Memory, Metaphor and Movement. John Benjamins. pp. 417.
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  48.  6
    Comment: Beyond Descriptive Phenomenology.Thomas Fuchs - 2008 - In Kenneth S. Kendler & Josef Parnas (eds.), Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry: Explanation, Phenomenology, and Nosology. Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 278.
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  49.  5
    Hirnwelt Oder Lebenswelt? Zur Kritik des Neurokonstruktivismus.Thomas Fuchs - 2011 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 59 (3):347-358.
    From a neuroconstructivistic point of view, the human brain produces an internal simulation of the external world which appears in conscious experience as the phenomenal world. This concept implies in particular that the subjective body and the organic or objective body belong to fundamentally different realms, i.e. to the mental and the physical world. The spatiality of the subject-body has then to be declared an illusion, which is done by pointing to dissociations of the subject- and object-body as in the (...)
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  50.  1
    Frontmatter.Christian Tewes, Thomas Fuchs & Gregor Etzelmüller - 2017 - In Christian Tewes, Thomas Fuchs & Gregor Etzelmüller (eds.), Verkörperung - Eine Neue Interdisziplinäre Anthropologie. De Gruyter.
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