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Thomas Kelly
Princeton University
  1. Peer Disagreement and Higher Order Evidence.Thomas Kelly - 2010 - In Alvin I. Goldman & Dennis Whitcomb (eds.), Social Epistemology: Essential Readings. Oxford University Press. pp. 183--217.
    My aim in this paper is to develop and defend a novel answer to a question that has recently generated a considerable amount of controversy. The question concerns the normative significance of peer disagreement. Suppose that you and I have been exposed to the same evidence and arguments that bear on some proposition: there is no relevant consideration which is available to you but not to me, or vice versa. For the sake of concreteness, we might picture.
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  2. The Epistemic Significance of Disagreement.Thomas Kelly - 2005 - In John Hawthorne & Tamar Gendler (eds.), Oxford Studies in Epistemology, Volume 1. Oxford University Press. pp. 167-196.
    Looking back on it, it seems almost incredible that so many equally educated, equally sincere compatriots and contemporaries, all drawing from the same limited stock of evidence, should have reached so many totally different conclusions---and always with complete certainty.
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  3. Epistemic Rationality as Instrumental Rationality: A Critique.Thomas Kelly - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (3):612–640.
    In this paper, I explore the relationship between epistemic rationality and instrumental rationality, and I attempt to delineate their respective roles in typical instances of theoretical reasoning. My primary concern is with the instrumentalist conception of epistemic rationality: the view that epistemic rationality is simply a species of instrumental rationality, viz. instrumental rationality in the service of one's cognitive or epistemic goals. After sketching the relevance of the instrumentalist conception to debates over naturalism and 'the ethics of belief', I argue (...)
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  4. Evidence Can Be Permissive.Thomas Kelly - 2013 - In Matthias Steup & John Turri (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Epistemology. Blackwell. pp. 298.
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  5. Disagreement and the Burdens of Judgment.Thomas Kelly - 2013 - In David Phiroze Christensen & Jennifer Lackey (eds.), The Epistemology of Disagreement: New Essays. Oxford University Press.
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  6. Evidence.Thomas Kelly - 2006 - Philosophy Compass.
    The concept of evidence is central to both epistemology and the philosophy of science. Of course, ‘evidence’ is hardly a philosopher's term of art: it is not only, or even primarily, philosophers who routinely speak of evidence, but also lawyers and judges, historians and scientists, investigative journalists and reporters, as well as the members of numerous other professions and ordinary folk in the course of everyday life. The concept of evidence would thus seem to be on firmer pre-theoretical ground than (...)
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  7. Disagreement, Dogmatism, and Belief Polarization.Thomas Kelly - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy 105 (10):611-633.
    Suppose that you and I disagree about some non-straightforward matter of fact (say, about whether capital punishment tends to have a deterrent effect on crime). Psychologists have demonstrated the following striking phenomenon: if you and I are subsequently exposed to a mixed body of evidence that bears on the question, doing so tends to increase the extent of our initial disagreement. That is, in response to exactly the same evidence, each of us grows increasingly confident of his or her original (...)
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  8. The Rationality of Belief and Other Propositional Attitudes.Thomas Kelly - 2002 - Philosophical Studies 110 (2):163-96.
    In this paper, I explore the question of whether the expected consequences of holding a belief can affect the rationality of doing so. Special attention is given to various ways in which one might attempt to exert some measure of control over what one believes and the normative status of the beliefs that result from the successful execution of such projects. I argue that the lessons which emerge from thinking about the case ofbelief have important implications for the way we (...)
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  9.  62
    The Rationality of Belief and Some Other Propositional Attitudes.Thomas Kelly - 2002 - Philosophical Studies 110 (2):163-196.
    In this paper, I explore the question of whether the expected consequences of holding a belief can affect the rationality of doing so. Special attention is given to various ways in which one might attempt to exert some measure of control over what one believes and the normative status of the beliefs that result from the successful execution of such projects. I argue that the lessons which emerge from thinking about the case of belief have important implications for the way (...)
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  10. Evidence and Normativity: Reply to Leite.Thomas Kelly - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (2):465-474.
    According to one view about the rationality of belief, such rationality is ultimately nothing other than the rationality that one exhibits in taking the means to one’s ends. On this view, epistemic rationality is really a species or special case of instrumental rationality. In particular, epistemic rationality is instrumental rationality in the service of one’s distinctively cognitive or epistemic goals (perhaps: one’s goal of holding true rather than false beliefs). In my (2003), I dubbed this view the instrumentalist conception of (...)
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  11. Evidence: Fundamental Concepts and the Phenomenal Conception.Thomas Kelly - 2008 - Philosophy Compass 3 (5):933-955.
    The concept of evidence is among the central concerns of epistemology broadly construed. As such, it has long engaged the intellectual energies of both philosophers of science and epistemologists of a more traditional variety. Here I briefly survey some of the more important ideas to have emerged from this tradition of reflection. I then look somewhat more closely at an issue that has recently come to the fore, largely as a result of Williamson's Knowledge and Its Limits: that of whether (...)
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  12. Is Reflective Equilibrium Enough?Thomas Kelly & Sarah McGrath - 2010 - Philosophical Perspectives 24 (1):325-359.
    Suppose that one is at least a minimal realist about a given domain, in that one thinks that that domain contains truths that are not in any interesting sense of our own making. Given such an understanding, what can be said for and against the method of reflective equilibrium as a procedure for investigating the domain? One fact that lends this question some interest is that many philosophers do combine commitments to minimal realism and a reflective equilibrium methodology. Here, for (...)
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  13. Moorean Facts and Belief Revision, or Can the Skeptic Win?Thomas Kelly - 2005 - Philosophical Perspectives 19 (1):179-209.
    A Moorean fact, in the words of the late David Lewis, is ‘one of those things that we know better than we know the premises of any philosophical argument to the contrary’. Lewis opens his seminal paper ‘Elusive Knowledge’ with the following declaration.
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  14. Common Sense as Evidence: Against Revisionary Ontology and Skepticism.Thomas Kelly - 2008 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 32 (1):53-78.
    In this age of post-Moorean modesty, many of us are inclined to doubt that philosophy is in possession of arguments that might genuinely serve to undermine what we ordinarily believe. It may perhaps be conceded that the arguments of the skeptic appear to be utterly compelling; but the Mooreans among us will hold that the very plausibility of our ordinary beliefs is reason enough for supposing that there must be something wrong in the skeptic’s arguments, even if we are unable (...)
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  15. How to Be an Epistemic Permissivist.Thomas Kelly - unknown
    Roger’s official statement of the thesis that he defends reads as follows: Uniqueness : If an agent whose total evidence is E is fully rational in taking doxastic attitude D to P, then necessarily, any subject with total evidence E who takes a different attitude to P is less than fully rational. Following Roger, I’ll call someone who denies Uniqueness a Permissivist . In what follows, I’ll argue against Uniqueness and defend Permissivism.
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  16. Following the Argument Where It Leads.Thomas Kelly - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 154 (1):105-124.
    Throughout the history of western philosophy, the Socratic injunction to ‘follow the argument where it leads’ has exerted a powerful attraction. But what is it, exactly, to follow the argument where it leads? I explore this intellectual ideal and offer a modest proposal as to how we should understand it. On my proposal, following the argument where it leaves involves a kind of modalized reasonableness. I then consider the relationship between the ideal and common sense or ‘Moorean’ responses to revisionary (...)
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  17.  65
    CSR Rating Agencies: What is Their Global Impact?Steven Scalet & Thomas F. Kelly - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 94 (1):69-88.
    In the last two decades, there has been a pronounced growth of CSR rating agencies that assess corporations based on their social and environmental performance. This article investigates the impact of CSR ratings on the behavior of individual corporations. To what extent do corporations adjust their behavior based on how they rank? Our primary finding is that being dropped from a CSR ranking appears to do little to encourage firms to acknowledge and address problems related to their social and environmental (...)
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  18. Sunk Costs, Rationality, and Acting for the Sake of the Past.Thomas Kelly - 2004 - Noûs 38 (1):60–85.
    If you are more likely to continue a course of action in virtue of having previously invested in that course of action, then you tend to honor sunk costs. It is widely thought both that (i) individuals often do give some weight to sunk costs in their decision-making and that (ii) it is irrational for them to do so. In this paper I attempt to cast doubt on the conventional wisdom about sunk costs, understood as the conjunction of these two (...)
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  19. The Ethics of Credit Rating Agencies: What Happened and the Way Forward. [REVIEW]Steven Scalet & Thomas F. Kelly - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 111 (4):477-490.
    During the short span of a few months in 2008, 14 trillion dollars of highly rated bonds fell into junk status, surprising the global financial system and accelerating an economic decline. The result was the worst fracture of the US financial system since the Great Depression. Credit rating agencies (CRAs) in particular have come under intense scrutiny as a result of this latest disaster, both domestically and internationally, including many congressional inquiries and government investigations. Most of the public and scholarly (...)
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  20. Hume, Norton, and Induction Without Rules.Thomas Kelly - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (5):754-764.
    With respect to inductive reasoning, there are at least two broad projects that have been of interest to philosophers. The first project is that of accurately describing paradigmatic instances of inductive reasoning in the sciences and in everyday life. Thus, we might ask, of some particular historical episode, how exactly Newton, or Darwin, or Einstein arrived at some conclusion on the basis of the evidence that was before him. The second project is one of justification. The task here is that (...)
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  21.  28
    Are There Any Successful Philosophical Arguments?Sarah McGrath & Thomas Kelly - 2017 - In John A. Keller (ed.), Being, Freedom, and Method: Themes From the Philosophy of Peter van Inwagen. Oxford University Press UK.
    According to Peter van Inwagen, there are no successful philosophical arguments for substantive conclusions. He argues for this thesis in two steps. First, he puts forward and defends a “criterion of philosophical success,” according to which a philosophical argument is a success just in case it has the power to convert any ideally rational agnostic to its conclusion. He then argues that, given the kind of disagreement we find among philosophers, we have good reason to think that no philosophical arguments (...)
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  22.  68
    Walking the Tightrope of Reason: The Precarious Life of a Rational Animal.Thomas Kelly - 2004 - Mind 113 (452):750-753.
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  23.  5
    Historical Versus Current Time Slice Theories in Epistemology.Thomas Kelly - 2016 - In Goldman and His Critics. Blackwell. pp. 43-65.
    This chapter explores one theme that in the author judgment has not received as much sustained attention as it warrants: the distinction between historical and current time slice theories of epistemic justification. It devotes to the hermeneutical tasks of explicating and contextualizing the distinction between historical and current time slice theories. The chapter examines Goldman's longstanding claim that no current time slice theory can possibly do justice to the epistemic role of preservative memory. It argues that a principle governing preservative (...)
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  24.  84
    The Cost of Skepticism: Who Pays?Thomas Kelly - 2006 - Philosophical Studies 131 (3):695-712.
    Those who favor externalist accounts of knowledge and justification often accuse their internalist opponents of playing into the hands of skeptic. According to this line of thought, internalists characteristically set overly demanding requirements for knowledge and justification, requirements which ordinary believers infrequently satisfy: the internalist is thus committed by his or her own theory to a massive and implausible revisionism about the extent of what we know and justifiably believe. For reasons that I explore, the version of internalist foundationalism developed (...)
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  25.  8
    George Birkbeck: Pioneer of Adult Education.Thomas Kelly - 1958 - British Journal of Educational Studies 6 (2):185-186.
  26.  5
    The Origin of Mechanics’ Institutes.Thomas Kelly - 1952 - British Journal of Educational Studies 1 (1):17-27.
  27.  34
    Meyerson and the Epistemological Paradox.Thomas R. Kelly - 1934 - The Monist 44 (2):296-305.
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  28.  16
    A History of Adult Education in Great Britain.Thomas Kelly - 1963 - British Journal of Educational Studies 11 (2):193-194.
  29.  15
    Explanation and Reality in the Philosophy of Emile Meyerson.G. B. & Thomas R. Kelly - 1938 - Journal of Philosophy 35 (1):19.
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  30.  9
    Three Ventures in Adult Education in Lancashire in the Reign of George III.A. C. F. Beales, Thomas Kelly, W. M. Spencer & Frederic Crooks - 1960 - British Journal of Educational Studies 8 (2):190.
  31.  29
    Review Articles.J. J. B. Dempster, Thomas Kelly, J. P. Tuck, A. C. F. Beales, M. K. Richardson, Jean Floud, H. C. Barnard, P. P. Brown, Geoffrey Tillotson & Evelyn Lawrence - 1957 - British Journal of Educational Studies 5 (2):170-190.
  32. Introduction: What is Applied Process Thought?Mark Dibben & Thomas Kelly - unknown
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  33.  6
    A History of Adult Education in Great Britain.A. V. Judges & Thomas Kelly - 1971 - British Journal of Educational Studies 19 (1):109.
  34. Amor Amicitiae: On the Love That is Friendship. Essays in Medieval Thought and Beyond in Honor of the Rev. Professor James McEvoy.Thomas Kelly & Philipp Rosemann (eds.) - 2004
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  35.  1
    Anselm’s Cosmological Argument for God’s Existence.Thomas A. F. Kelly - 2006 - Maynooth Philosophical Papers 3:21-34.
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  36.  15
    A Design for DemocracyAdult Education in Transition: A Study of Institutional InsecurityAdult Reading. The 55th Year Book of the National Society for the Study of Education. Part II.Thomas Kelly, Burton R. Clarke & Nelson B. Henry - 1957 - British Journal of Educational Studies 5 (2):172.
  37.  12
    5. An Integrated Theology of Married Love.Thomas M. Kelly - 2002 - Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture 5 (1):76-102.
  38.  17
    A Musical Fragment at Bisceglie Containing an Unknown Beneventan Office.Thomas Forrest Kelly - 1993 - Mediaeval Studies 55 (1):347-356.
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  39.  6
    A Retrospective on Public Policy Threats to Religious Liberty in the Workplace.Eileen P. Kelly & Thomas E. Kelly - 2012 - Catholic Social Science Review 17:241-257.
    Catholic employers and employees have been under increasing attack in the last fifty years by a growing number of public policy encroachments in the workplace that are in direct conflict with their religious convictions. In some instances, these threats have been successfully parried. Others remain a source of serious conflict. This article will summarize highlights of the last fifty years of public policy and jurisprudence as they relate to the ability of Catholic institutions to practice and enforce non-negotiable Catholic moral (...)
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  40.  3
    A Schoolmaster's Notebook.Edith Kelly & Thomas Kelly - 1958 - British Journal of Educational Studies 7 (1):92-93.
  41.  4
    Business Ethics.Thomas J. Kelly - 1937 - Modern Schoolman 15 (1):20-21.
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  42.  20
    Beneventan fragments at Altamura.Thomas Forrest Kelly & Herman F. Holbrook - 1987 - Mediaeval Studies 49 (1):466-479.
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  43. Consensus Gentium: Reflections on the 'Common Consent' Argument for the Existence of God.Thomas Kelly - 2011 - In Kelly James Clark & Raymond J. VanArragon (eds.), Evidence and Religious Belief. Oxford University Press.
     
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  44. Can the ‘Theological Virtues’ Have Meaning for Philosophy?Thomas Kelly - 2005 - Yearbook of the Irish Philosophical Society:147-164.
     
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  45. Did the Argives Defeat the Spartans at Hysiae in 669 B. C.?Thomas Kelly - 1970 - American Journal of Philology 91 (1):31.
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  46.  8
    Explanation and Reality in the Philosophy of Emile Meyerson.Thomas R. Kelly - 1938 - Philosophical Review 47:555.
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  47.  2
    Editor’s Introduction.Thomas A. F. Kelly - 2006 - Maynooth Philosophical Papers 3:2-2.
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  48. God, Self, and Metaphysics: The Reconstitution of a Discipline.Thomas A. Kelly - 2001 - Yearbook of the Irish Philosophical Society:76-84.
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  49.  1
    Hume and Causality: Towards Substituting a 'Juster Definition'.Thomas A. F. Kelly - 2002 - Maynooth Philosophical Papers 1:43-50.
  50.  30
    In Memoriam: Eileen P. Kelly.Thomas E. Kelly - 2014 - Catholic Social Science Review 19:299-301.
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