Results for 'Thomas L. Davis'

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  1.  11
    Reviewing the review: a qualitative assessment of the peer review process in surgical journals.Thomas A. Aloia, Charles M. Balch, Jeffrey E. Lee, Mark S. Roh, O. James Garden, Keith D. Lillemoe, Kevin E. Behrns, Barbara L. Bass & Catherine H. Davis - 2018 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 3 (1).
    BackgroundDespite rapid growth of the scientific literature, no consensus guidelines have emerged to define the optimal criteria for editors to grade submitted manuscripts. The purpose of this project was to assess the peer reviewer metrics currently used in the surgical literature to evaluate original manuscript submissions.MethodsManuscript grading forms for 14 of the highest circulation general surgery-related journals were evaluated for content, including the type and number of quantitative and qualitative questions asked of peer reviewers. Reviewer grading forms for the seven (...)
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  2.  19
    Three-trial sequences of reward magnitudes with odor cues maximized.Richard A. Burns, Roger L. Thomas & Stephen F. Davis - 1981 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 17 (6):266-268.
  3.  51
    Potential Subjects’ Responses to an Ethics Questionnaire in a Phase I Study of Deep Brain Stimulation in Early Parkinson’s Disease.Stuart G. Finder, Mark J. Bliton, Chandler E. Gill, Thomas L. Davis, Peter E. Konrad & P. D. Charles - 2012 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 23 (3):207-216.
    BackgroundCentral to ethically justified clinical trial design is the need for an informed consent process responsive to how potential subjects actually comprehend study participation, especially study goals, risks, and potential benefits. This will be particularly challenging when studying deep brain stimulation and whether it impedes symptom progression in Parkinson’s disease, since potential subjects will be Parkinson’s patients for whom deep brain stimulation will likely have therapeutic value in the future as their disease progresses.MethodAs part of an expanded informed consent process (...)
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  4.  47
    Patrons—Philip Hefner Fund.Solomon H. Katz, William Lesher, Karl E. Peters, Don Browning, Paul H. Carr, Marjorie H. Davis, Thomas L. Gilbert, P. Roger Gillette, Melvin Gray & Lothar Schäfer - 2009 - Zygon 44 (1):653-654.
  5.  42
    Conflicts of Interest and Self-Dealing in the Professions: A Review Essay - Conflict of Interest in the ProfessionsMichael Davis and Andrew Stark New York: Oxford University Press, 2001; ISBN 0-19-512863-X. [REVIEW]Thomas L. Carson - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (1):161-182.
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  6.  14
    Knowledge and Pedagogy: The Sociology of Basil Bernstein.Brian Davies, Michael W. Apple, Fiona Close-Thomas, Philip Wexler, M. A. Halliday, Arnold Danzig, Ruqaiya Hasan & Jose L. Illera - 1995 - Praeger.
    Thematically organized around the major concerns of Basil Bernstein's work as a sociologist, this book includes chapters from some of the leading sociologists and educational scholars. Each section attempts to provide a critical evaluation of Bernstein's work, framed within four interrelated contexts: his sociological theory, sociology of language and code theory, sociology of education and social reproduction, and the influence of his sociology on educational research. In a separate section, Bernstein himself responds to the earlier chapters. The book examines Bernstein's (...)
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  7.  81
    Ethical Challenges Arising in the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Overview from the Association of Bioethics Program Directors (ABPD) Task Force.Amy L. McGuire, Mark P. Aulisio, F. Daniel Davis, Cheryl Erwin, Thomas D. Harter, Reshma Jagsi, Robert Klitzman, Robert Macauley, Eric Racine, Susan M. Wolf, Matthew Wynia & Paul Root Wolpe - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):15-27.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has raised a host of ethical challenges, but key among these has been the possibility that health care systems might need to ration scarce critical care resources. Rationing p...
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  8.  18
    Conditioning and retention of defensive burying as a function of Elavil and Thorazine injection.Stephen F. Davis, David A. Whiteside, Virginia A. Dickson, Roger L. Thomas & Douglas G. Heck - 1981 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 17 (2):107-110.
  9.  17
    Psychology’s contemporary and all-time notables: Student, faculty, and chairperson viewpoints.Stephen F. Davis, Roger L. Thomas & Melanie S. Weaver - 1982 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 20 (1):3-6.
  10. Problems of Cartesianism.Thomas M. Lennon, John M. Nicholas & John W. Davis - 1984 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 174 (4):471-474.
    The typical Cartesian collection contains papers which treat the problems arising out of Descartes's philosophy as though they and it appeared for the first time in a recent journal. The approach of this collection is quite different. The eight contributors concentrate on problems faced by Cartesianism which are of historical significance. Without denigrating the importance of the technique of exploiting the texts in a manner that appeals to contemporary philosophical interests, the contributors show how Cartesianism was shaped over time by (...)
     
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  11.  34
    Peace and Mind: Seriatim Symposium on Dispute, Conflict, and Enmity Part 2: Caveats and Consolations.Jeffrey M. Perl, Stanley N. Katz, Jean Bethke Elshtain, Joris van Eijnatten, Yoke-Sum Wong, Miguel Tamen, Natalie Zemon Davis, John L. Flood, Randolph Starn & G. Thomas Tanselle - 2002 - Common Knowledge 8 (2):284-286.
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  12.  80
    The spirit of modern republicanism: the moral vision of the American founders and the philosophy of Locke.Thomas L. Pangle - 1988 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    . What distinguishes Pangle's study from the dozens of books which have challenged or elaborated upon the republican revision is the sharpness with which he ...
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  13.  11
    The Laws of Plato.Thomas L. Pangle (ed.) - 1988 - University of Chicago Press.
    _The Laws_, Plato's longest dialogue, has for centuries been recognized as the most comprehensive exposition of the _practical_ consequences of his philosophy, a necessary corrective to the more visionary and utopian _Republic_. In this animated encounter between a foreign philosopher and a powerful statesman, not only do we see reflected, in Plato's own thought, eternal questions of the relation between political theory and practice, but we also witness the working out of a detailed plan for a new political order that (...)
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  14.  9
    Political philosophy cross-examined: perennial challenges to the philosophic life.Thomas L. Pangle (ed.) - 2013 - New York, NY: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Political societies frequently regard philosophers as potential threats to morality and religion, and those who speak for politics often demand a defense of philosophy. This book will address philosophy as a mode of existence put into question.
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  15.  24
    Mathematical methods of operations research.Thomas L. Saaty - 1959 - New York,: McGraw-Hill.
    This text is an ideal introduction for students to the basic mathematics of operations research as well as a valuable source of references to early literature ...
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  16.  71
    The theological basis of liberal modernity in Montesquieu's Spirit of the laws.Thomas L. Pangle - 2010 - London: University of Chicago Press.
    The Spirit of the Laws —Montesquieu’s huge, complex, and enormously influential work—is considered one of the central texts of the Enlightenment, laying the foundation for the liberally democratic political regimes that were to embody its values. In his penetrating analysis, Thomas L. Pangle brilliantly argues that the inherently theological project of Enlightenment liberalism is made more clearly—and more consequentially— in Spirit than in any other work. _ In a probing and careful reading, Pangle shows how Montesquieu believed that rationalism, (...)
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  17.  44
    Morality and the good life.Thomas L. Carson & Paul K. Moser (eds.) - 1997 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Contemporary moral philosophers have produced an enormous amount of rich and varied published work on virtually all the issues falling within the scope of ethics and moral philosophy. Morality and the Good Life is a comprehensive survey of contemporary ethical theory that collects thirty-four selections on morality and the theory of value. Emphasizing value theory, metaethics, and normative ethics, it is non-technical and accessible to a wide range of readers. Selections are organized under six main topics: Concepts of Goodness What (...)
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  18. The definition of lying.Thomas L. Carson - 2006 - Noûs 40 (2):284–306.
    Few moral questions have greater bearing on the conduct of our everyday lives than questions about the morality of lying. These questions are also important for ethical theory. An important test of any theory of right and wrong is whether it gives an adequate account of the morality of lying. Conceptual questions about the nature of lying are prior to questions about the moral status of lying. Any theory about the moral status of lying presupposes an account of what lying (...)
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  19.  8
    Temporal data base management.Thomas L. Dean & Drew V. McDermott - 1987 - Artificial Intelligence 32 (1):1-55.
  20.  90
    Value and the Good Life.Thomas L. Carson - 2000 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    For as long as humans have pondered philosophical issues, they have contemplated the good life. Yet most suggestions about how to live a good life rest on assumptions about what the good life actually is. Thomas Carson here confronts that question from a fresh perspective. Surveying the history of philosophy, he addresses first-order questions about what is good and bad as well as metaethical questions concerning value judgments. Carson considers a number of established viewpoints concerning the good life. He (...)
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  21.  17
    The Cultural Politics of Analytic Philosophy: Britishness and the Spectre of Europe.Thomas L. Akehurst - 2010 - Continuum.
    Introduction -- Nazi philosophy -- The expulsion of the invaders -- Philosophical method : virtue vs. vice -- The virtuous tradition : analysis, liberalism, englishness -- Epilogue.
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  22. Frankfurt and Cohen on bullshit, bullshiting, deception, lying, and concern with the truth of what one says.Thomas L. Carson - 2016 - Pragmatics Cognition 23 (1):53-67.
    This paper addresses the following three claims that Frankfurt makes about the concept of bullshit:1. Bullshit requires the intention to deceive others.2. Bullshit does not constitute lying.3. The essence of bullshit is lack of concern with the truth of what one says.I offer counterexamples to all three claims. By way of defending my counterexamples, I examine Cohen’s distinction between bullshiting and bullshit and argue that my examples are indeed cases of bullshiting that Frankfurt’s analysis is intended to cover. My examples (...)
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  23.  24
    Thomas Aquinas’s Summa Theologiae: A Guide and Commentary. By Brian Davies.Curtis L. Hancock - 2016 - International Philosophical Quarterly 56 (1):124-127.
  24.  70
    The Status of Morality.Thomas L. Carson - 1984 - Dordrecht: Reidel.
    My interest in the issues considered here arose out of my great frustration in trying to attack the all-pervasive relativism of my students in introductory ethics courses at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. I am grateful to my students for forcing me to take moral relativism and skepticism seriously and for compelling me to argue for my own dogmatically maintained version of moral objectivism. The result is before the reader. The conclusions reached here (which can be described either as (...)
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  25. Deception and information disclosure in business and professional ethics.Thomas L. Carson - 2010 - In George G. Brenkert & Tom L. Beauchamp (eds.), The Oxford handbook of business ethics. New York: Oxford University Press.
  26.  71
    Bluffing in labor negotiations: Legal and ethical issues.Thomas L. Carson, Richard E. Wokutch & Kent F. Murrmann - 1982 - Journal of Business Ethics 1 (1):13 - 22.
    This paper presents an analysis of bluffing in labor negotiations from legal, economic, and ethical perspectives. It is argued that many forms of bluffing in labor negotiations are legal and economically advantageous, but that they typically constitute lying. Nevertheless it is argued that it is generally morally acceptable to bluff given a typical labor-management relationship where one's negotiating partner is familiar with and most likely employing bluffing tactics him/herself. We also consider whether it is an indictment of our present negotiating (...)
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  27. Habermas, Dewey, and pragmatism.Thomas L. Jacobson - 2001 - In David K. Perry (ed.), American pragmatism and communication research. Mahwah, N.J.: L. Erlbaum. pp. 225--240.
     
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  28.  30
    Perpetual Peace.Thomas L. Carson - 1988 - Social Theory and Practice 14 (2):173-214.
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  29.  10
    A gating function for the hippocampus in working memory.Thomas L. Bennett - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):322-323.
  30.  99
    On the definition of lying: A reply to Jones and revisions.Thomas L. Carson - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (7):509-514.
    Standard definitions of lying imply that intending to deceive others is a necessary condition of one's telling a lie. In an earlier paper, which appeared in this journal, Wokutch, Murrmann and I argued that intending to deceive others is not a necessary condition of one's telling a lie and proposed an alternative definition. In a reply which also appeared in this journal, Gary Jones argues that our arguments fail to establish the claim that it is possible to lie without intending (...)
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  31. Happiness, Contentment and the Good Life.Thomas L. Carson - 1981 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 62 (4):378.
    tentment and its relationship to the notions of happiness and the good life. Many philosophers have argued that the concept of happiness can be defined or analyzed simply in terms of "contentment" or "being satisfied (or pleased) with one' s life."' Others have made the more modest claim that being satisfied with one' s..
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  32. An ethical analysis of deception in advertising.Thomas L. Carson, Richard E. Wokutch & James E. Cox - 1985 - Journal of Business Ethics 4 (2):93 - 104.
    This paper examines several issues regarding deception in advertising. Some generally accepted definitions are considered and found to be inadequate. An alternative definition is proposed for legal/regulatory purposes and is related to a suggested definition of the term deception as it is used in everyday language. Based upon these definitions, suggestions are offered for detecting and regulating deception in advertising. This paper additionally considers the grounds for the generally held but largely unquestioned assumption that deceptive advertising is unethical. It is (...)
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  33. Conflicts of interest.Thomas L. Carson - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (5):387 - 404.
    This paper has two distinct objectives. (1) I defend an analysis of the concept of a conflict of interest. On my analysis the concept of a conflict of interest is broader than is generally supposed. I argue that a very large class of cases not ordinarily regarded as conflicts of interest should be so regarded. Conflicts of interest are an integral feature of many professional relationships and do not (as is often supposed) require the existence of external financial or personal (...)
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  34.  70
    Whistle-blowing for profit: An ethical analysis of the federal false claims act.Thomas L. Carson, Mary Ellen Verdu & Richard E. Wokutch - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (3):361 - 376.
    This paper focuses on the 1986 Amendments to the False Claims Act of 1863, which offers whistle-blowers financial rewards for disclosing fraud committed against the U.S. government. This law provides an opportunity to examine underlying assumptions about the morality of whistle-blowing and to consider the merits of increased reliance on whistle-blowing to protect the public interest. The law seems open to a number of moral objections, most notably that it exerts a morally corrupting influence on whistle-blowers. We answer these objections (...)
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  35.  43
    The Nazi tradition: The analytic critique of continental philosophy in mid-century Britain.Thomas L. Akehurst - 2008 - History of European Ideas 34 (4):548-557.
    While many (perhaps most) of those engaged in the study of philosophy would accept the continued reality and importance of an analytic/continental divide in the discipline, there has been no serious examination of the political dimensions of this rift. Here a series of political assumptions are revealed to be widely held among the British analytic philosophers who were active during the period in which the analytic/continental divide was being established. This paper will approach demonstrating the analysts’ beliefs about the political (...)
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  36.  24
    Whistle-Blowing for Profit: An Ethical Analysis of the Federal False Claims Act.Thomas L. Carson, Mary Ellen Verdu & Richard E. Wokutch - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (3):361-376.
    This paper focuses on the 1986 Amendments to the False Claims Act of 1863, which offers whistle-blowers financial rewards for disclosing fraud committed against the U.S. government. This law provides an opportunity to examine underlying assumptions about the morality of whistle-blowing and to consider the merits of increased reliance on whistle-blowing to protect the public interest. The law seems open to a number of moral objections, most notably that it exerts a morally corrupting influence on whistle-blowers. We answer these objections (...)
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  37.  28
    Random walks on semantic networks can resemble optimal foraging.Joshua T. Abbott, Joseph L. Austerweil & Thomas L. Griffiths - 2015 - Psychological Review 122 (3):558-569.
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  38.  76
    Self–Interest and Business Ethics: Some Lessons of the Recent Corporate Scandals.Thomas L. Carson - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 43 (4):389 - 394.
    The recent accounting scandals at Enron, WorldCom, and other corporations have helped to fuel a massive loss of confidence in the integrity of American business and have contributed to a very sharp decline in the U.S. stock market. Inasmuch as these events have brought ethical questions about business to the forefront in the media and public consciousness as never before, they are of signal importance for the field of business ethics. I offer some observations and conjectures about the bearing of (...)
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  39.  28
    Ayer and the Existentialists.Thomas L. Akehurst - 2013 - Intellectual History Review 23 (2):243-257.
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  40. Epilogue: Leo Strauss and the history of political philosophy.Nathan Tarcov & Thomas L. Pangle - 1972 - In Leo Strauss & Joseph Cropsey (eds.), History of political philosophy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 907--938.
     
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  41.  41
    Mobility and Navigation among the Yucatec Maya.Elizabeth Cashdan, Karen L. Kramer, Helen E. Davis, Lace Padilla & Russell D. Greaves - 2016 - Human Nature 27 (1):35-50.
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  42.  25
    The goals and values of local economic development strategies in rural America.Thomas L. Daniels - 1991 - Agriculture and Human Values 8 (3):3-9.
    The goals and values of economic development strategies vary according to the individual communities that employ them. While economic development strategies are aimed at increasing jobs, income, and community wealth, the issue of who gains and who loses from economic change is often overlooked. The industrial development strategies of the 1960s and 1970s are giving way to local initiatives based on services. Although local efforts may mean greater local control, the globalization of the economy has exposed formerly remote areas to (...)
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  43.  86
    Rational Use of Cognitive Resources: Levels of Analysis Between the Computational and the Algorithmic.Thomas L. Griffiths, Falk Lieder & Noah D. Goodman - 2015 - Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (2):217-229.
    Marr's levels of analysis—computational, algorithmic, and implementation—have served cognitive science well over the last 30 years. But the recent increase in the popularity of the computational level raises a new challenge: How do we begin to relate models at different levels of analysis? We propose that it is possible to define levels of analysis that lie between the computational and the algorithmic, providing a way to build a bridge between computational- and algorithmic-level models. The key idea is to push the (...)
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  44. Free Exchange for Mutual Benefit: Sweatshops and Maitland’s “Classical Liberal Standard”.Thomas L. Carson - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 112 (1):127-135.
    Ian Maitland defends sweatshop labor on the grounds that “A wage or labor practice is ethically acceptable if it is freely chosen by informed workers” (he calls his view “the Classical Liberal Standard,” CLS). I present several examples of economic exchanges that are mutually beneficial and satisfy the requirements of the CLS, but, nonetheless, are morally wrong. Maitland’s arguments in defense of sweatshops are unsuccessful because they depend on the flawed “CLS.” My paper criticizes Maitland’s arguments in defense of sweatshops, (...)
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  45.  31
    Topics in semantic representation.Thomas L. Griffiths, Mark Steyvers & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2007 - Psychological Review 114 (2):211-244.
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  46.  51
    Lying, deception, and related concepts.Thomas L. Carson - 2009 - In Clancy W. Martin (ed.), The Philosophy of Deception. Oxford University Press. pp. 153--87.
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  47. A note on Hooker's "rule consequentialism".Thomas L. Carson - 1991 - Mind 100 (1):117-121.
  48.  81
    Corporate moral agency: A case from literature.Thomas L. Carson - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (2):155 - 156.
    I analyze a well-known and moving passage from John Steinbeck''s novelThe Grapes of Wrath. This passage provides an excellent illustration of one of the central questions about corporate moral agency: Is corporate moral agency anything over and above the agency of individual human beings? The passage in question is a debate about whether or not the actions of a particular company are anything over and above the actions of individual human beings.
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  49.  27
    Theory-based causal induction.Thomas L. Griffiths & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (4):661-716.
  50.  44
    Bribery, extortion, and "the foreign corrupt practices act".Thomas L. Carson - 1985 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 14 (1):66-90.
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