Results for 'Thomas M��ller'

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  1.  48
    Invariance, Interpretation, and Motivation.Thomas Møller-Nielsen - 2017 - Philosophy of Science 84 (5):1253-1264.
    In this article I assess the Invariance Principle, which states that only quantities that are invariant under the symmetries of our theories are physically real. I argue, contrary to current orthodoxy, that the variance of a quantity under a theory’s symmetries is not a sufficient basis for interpreting that theory as being uncommitted to the reality of that quantity. Rather, I argue, the variance of a quantity under symmetries only ever serves as a motivation to refrain from any commitment to (...)
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  2.  10
    Motivating Dualities.James Read & Thomas Møller-Nielsen - 2020 - Synthese 197 (1):263-291.
    There exists a common view that for theories related by a ‘duality’, dual models typically may be taken ab initio to represent the same physical state of affairs, i.e. to correspond to the same possible world. We question this view, by drawing a parallel with the distinction between ‘interpretational’ and ‘motivational’ approaches to symmetries.
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  3.  16
    Redundant Epistemic Symmetries.James Read & Thomas Møller-Nielsen - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 70:88-97.
  4.  26
    Weak Discernibility, Again.Thomas Møller-Nielsen - 2016 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 3.
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  5.  8
    Kurt Møller Pedersen and Peter de Clercq , An Observer of Observatories: The Journal of Thomas Bugge's Tour of Germany, Holland and England in 1777. Aarhus: Aarhus Universitetsforlag, 2010. Pp. Xxiv+220. ISBN 978-87-7934-311-5. £25.00. [REVIEW]Rebekah Higgitt - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Science 44 (4):597-598.
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  6.  3
    Probability Theory and Causation: A Branching Space-Times Analysis.Thomas M.Ü & Ller - 2005 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (3):487-520.
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  7.  8
    The Theory of Relativity.C. Møller - 1972 - Oxford, Clarendon Press.
  8. Divine Ideas.Thomas M. Ward - 2020 - Cambridge University Press.
    This Element defends a version of the classical theory of divine ideas, the containment exemplarist theory of divine ideas. The classical theory holds that God has ideas of all possible creatures, that these ideas partially explain why God's creation of the world is a rational and free personal action, and that God does not depend on anything external to himself for having the ideas he has. The containment exemplarist version of the classical theory holds that God's own nature is the (...)
     
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  9.  4
    Nachmetaphysisches Denken. [REVIEW]Thomas M. Schmidt - 1991 - ProtoSociology 1:116-120.
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  10. Presentism and the Grounding Objection.Thomas M. Crisp - 2007 - Noûs 41 (1):90–109.
  11. Contractualism and Utilitarianism.Thomas M. Scanlon - 1982 - In Amartya Kumar Sen & Bernard Arthur Owen Williams (eds.), Utilitarianism and Beyond. Cambridge University Press. pp. 103--128.
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  12.  24
    Rethinking Kant as a Public Intellectual. [REVIEW]Sofie Møller - 2017 - European Journal of Political Theory 16 (1).
    In Kant’s Politics in Context, Reidar Maliks offers a compelling account of Kant’s political philosophy as part of a public debate on rights, citizenship, and revolution in the wake of the French Revolution. Maliks argues that Kant’s political thought was developed as a moderate middle ground between radical and conservative political interpretations of his moral philosophy. The book’s central thesis is that the key to understanding Kant’s legal and political thought lies in the public debate among Kant’s followers and that (...)
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  13. Leder.Vigdis Songe Møller - 2013 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 48 (1):4-5.
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  14. Jeg Er En Kvinne.Vigdis Songe-Møller - 2002 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 37 (3):211-216.
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  15. Giving Desert its Due.Thomas M. Scanlon - 2013 - Philosophical Explorations 16 (2):1-16.
    I will argue that a desert-based justification for treating a person in a certain way is a justification that holds this treatment to be justified simply by what the person is like and what he or she has done, independent of the fact that treating the person in this way will have good effects ; the fact that this treatment is called for by some institution or practice; or the fact that the person could have avoided being subject to this (...)
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  16.  3
    Business Ethics.Thomas M. Garrett - 1966 - New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
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  17. Metaphysics: A Contemporary Introduction.Michael J. Loux & Thomas M. Crisp - 1997 - Routledge.
    _Metaphysics: A Contemporary Introduction_ is for students who have already completed an introductory philosophy course and need a fresh look at the central topics in the core subject of metaphysics. It is essential reading for any student of the subject. This Fourth Edition is revised and updated and includes two new chapters on Parts and Wholes, and Metaphysical Indeterminacy or vagueness. This new edition also keeps the user-friendly format, the chapter overviews summarizing the main topics, concrete examples to clarify difficult (...)
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  18.  6
    Openness and Trust in Data-Intensive Science: The Case of Biocuration.Ane Møller Gabrielsen - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (3):497-504.
    Data-intensive science comes with increased risks concerning quality and reliability of data, and while trust in science has traditionally been framed as a matter of scientists being expected to adhere to certain technical and moral norms for behaviour, emerging discourses of open science present openness and transparency as substitutes for established trust mechanisms. By ensuring access to all available information, quality becomes a matter of informed judgement by the users, and trust no longer seems necessary. This strategy does not, however, (...)
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  19.  25
    The Human Eros: Eco-Ontology and the Aesthetics of Existence.Thomas M. Alexander - 2013 - Fordham University Press.
    " Our various cultures are symbolic environments or "spiritual ecologies" within which the Human Eros can thrive. This is how we inhabit the earth. Encircling and sustaining our cultural existence is nature.
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  20. Presentism.Thomas M. Crisp - 2003 - In Michael J. Loux & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Metaphysics. Oxford University Press.
     
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  21. On Presentism and Triviality.Thomas M. Crisp - 2004 - Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 1:15-20.
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  22. Public Justification, Inclusion, and Discursive Equality.Thomas M. Besch - 2018 - Dialogue 57 (3):591-614.
    The paper challenges the view that public justification sits well with emancipatory and egalitarian intuitions. I distinguish between the depth, scope and the purchase of the discursive standing that such justification allocates, and situate within this matrix Rawls’s view of public justification. A standard objection to this view is that public justification should be more inclusive in scope. This is both plausible and problematic in emancipatory and egalitarian terms. If inclusive public justification allocates discursive standing that is rich in purchase, (...)
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  23.  30
    Cannabis Use and the Spirit of Sport: A Response to Mike McNamee.Ivan Waddington & Verner Møller - 2014 - Asian Bioethics Review 6 (3):246-258.
  24. Forst on Reciprocity of Reasons: A Critique.Thomas M. Besch - 2020 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 58 (3):357-382.
    According to Rainer Forst, (i) moral and political claims must meet a requirement of reciprocal and general acceptability (RGA) while (ii) we are under a duty in engaged discursive practice to justify such claims to others, or be able to do so, on grounds that meet RGA. The paper critically engages this view. I argue that Forst builds a key component of RGA, i.e., reciprocity of reasons, on an idea of the reasonable that undermines both (i) and (ii): if RGA (...)
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  25.  26
    Arnauld and the Cartesian Philosophy of Ideas.Thomas M. Lennon - 1989 - Philosophical Review 101 (3):644-647.
  26.  25
    Visual Expectations Change Subjective Experience Without Changing Performance.Lau Møller Andersen, Morten Overgaard & Frank Tong - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 71:59-69.
  27. Problems in the Philosophy of Language [by] Thomas M. Olshewsky.Thomas M. Olshewsky - 1969 - Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
     
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  28. The Greeks and the Environment.Laura Westra, Thomas M. Robinson, Madonna R. Adams, Donald N. Blakeley, C. W. DeMarco, Owen Goldin, Alan Holland, Timothy A. Mahoney, Mohan Matten, M. Oelschlaeger, Anthony Preus, J. M. Rist, T. M. Robinson, Richard Shearman & Daryl McGowan Tress - 1997 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Environmental ethicists have frequently criticized ancient Greek philosophy as anti-environmental for a view of philosophy that is counterproductive to environmental ethics and a view of the world that puts nature at the disposal of people. This provocative collection of original essays reexamines the views of nature and ecology found in the thought of Plato, Aristotle, the Stoics, and Plotinus. Recognizing that these thinkers were not confronted with the environmental degradation that threatens contemporary philosophers, the contributors to this book find that (...)
     
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  29.  1
    Ruling the Interregnum: Politics and Ideology in Nonhegemonic Times.Rune Møller Stahl - 2019 - Politics and Society 47 (3):333-360.
    This article offers reinterpretation of the current economic and political crisis through the lens of Gramsci’s concept of “interregnum,” departing from the model of “punctured equilibrium” to analyze the specific political dynamics of nonhegemonic periods between the breakdown of one ideological order and the emergence of a new one. Although political science has a range theories about periods of hegemony and paradigmatic stability, the periods between stable hegemonies remain distinctly undertheorized. A theoretical concept describing periods of interregnum is offered and (...)
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  30.  33
    John Buridan and Thomas Aquinas on Hylomorphism and the Beginning of Life.Thomas M. Ward - 2016 - Res Philosophica 93 (1):27-43.
    This paper examines some of the metaphysical assumptions behind Aquinas’s denials that a human rational soul unites with matter at conception and that a human rational soul is capable of developing and arranging the organic parts of an embryo. The paper argues that Buridan does not share these assumptions and holds that a soul is capable of developing and arranging organic parts. It argues that, given hylomorphism about the nature of organisms, including human beings, Buridan’s view is philosophically superior to (...)
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  31. On Robust Discursive Equality.Thomas M. Besch - 2019 - Dialogue 58 (3):1-26.
    This paper explores the idea of robust discursive equality on which respect-based conceptions of justificatory reciprocity often draw. I distinguish between formal and substantive discursive equality and argue that if justificatory reciprocity requires that people be accorded formally equal discursive standing, robust discursive equality should not be construed as requiring standing that is equal substantively, or in terms of its discursive purchase. Still, robust discursive equality is purchase sensitive: it does not obtain when discursive standing is impermissibly unequal in purchase. (...)
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  32. On Actualist and Fundamental Public Justification in Political Liberalism.Thomas M. Besch - 2020 - Philosophia 48 (5):1777-1799.
    Public justification in political liberalism is often conceptualized in light of Rawls’s view of its role in a hypothetical well-ordered society as an ideal or idealizing form of justification that applies a putatively reasonable conception of political justice to political matters. But Rawls implicates a different idea of public justification in his doctrine of general reflective equilibrium. The paper engages this second, more fundamental idea. Public justification in this second sense is actualist and fundamental. It is actualist in that it (...)
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  33. On the Moral Agency of Computers.Thomas M. Powers - 2013 - Topoi 32 (2):227-236.
    Can computer systems ever be considered moral agents? This paper considers two factors that are explored in the recent philosophical literature. First, there are the important domains in which computers are allowed to act, made possible by their greater functional capacities. Second, there is the claim that these functional capacities appear to embody relevant human abilities, such as autonomy and responsibility. I argue that neither the first (Domain-Function) factor nor the second (Simulacrum) factor gets at the central issue in the (...)
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  34. On Political Legitimacy, Reasonableness, and Perfectionism.Thomas M. Besch - 2013 - Public Reason 5 (1):58-74.
    The paper advances a non-orthodox reading of political liberalism’s view of political legitimacy, the view of public political justification that comes with it, and the idea of the reasonable at the heart of these views. Political liberalism entails that full discursive standing should be accorded only to people who are reasonable in a substantive sense. As the paper argues, this renders political liberalism dogmatic and exclusivist at the level of arguments for or against normative theories of justice. Against that background, (...)
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  35.  7
    Kant's Tribunal of Reason: Legal Metaphor and Normativity in the Critique of Pure Reason.Sofie Møller - 2020 - Cambridge University Press.
    Kant's Critique of Pure Reason, his main work of theoretical philosophy, frequently uses metaphors from law. In this first book-length study in English of Kant's legal metaphors and their role in the first Critique, Sofie Møller shows that they are central to Kant's account of reason. Through an analysis of the legal metaphors in their entirety, she demonstrates that Kant conceives of reason as having a structure mirroring that of a legal system in a natural right framework. Her study shows (...)
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  36.  31
    The Court of Reason in Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason.Sofie C. Møller - 2013 - Kant-Studien 104 (3):301-320.
    : The aim of the present paper is to discuss how the legal metaphors in Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason can help us understand the work’s transcendental argumentation. I discuss Dieter Henrich’s claim that legal deductions form a methodological paradigm for all three Critiques that exempts the deductions from following a stringent logical structure. I also consider Rüdiger Bubner’s proposal that the legal metaphors show that the transcendental deduction is a rhetorical argument. On the basis of my own reading of (...)
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  37.  11
    Sophie's World: A Novel About the History of Philosophy.Patrick Hutchings, Paulette Møller & Jostein Gaarder - 1995 - Sophia 34 (2):120-121.
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  38.  84
    Shareholder Wealth Maximization and Social Welfare: A Utilitarian Critique.Thomas M. Jones & Will Felps - 2013 - Business Ethics Quarterly 23 (2):207-238.
    Many scholars and managers endorse the idea that the primary purpose of the firm is to make money for its owners. This shareholder wealth maximization objective is justified on the grounds that it maximizes social welfare. In this article, the first of a two-part set, we argue that, although this shareholder primacy model may have been appropriate in an earlier era, it no longer is, given our current state of economic and social affairs. To make our case, we employ a (...)
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  39.  44
    Will the Ethics of Business Change? A Survey of Future Executives.Thomas M. Jones & Frederick H. Gautschi - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (4):231 - 248.
    This article reports the results of a study of attitudes of future business executives towards issues of social responsibility and business ethics. The 455 respondents, who were MBA students during 1985 at one dozen schools from various regions in the United States, were asked to respond to a series of open-ended and closed-ended questions. From the responses to the questions the authors were able to conclude that future executives display considerable sensitivity, though to varying degrees, towards ethical issues in business. (...)
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  40.  45
    Stakeholder Happiness Enhancement: A Neo-Utilitarian Objective for the Modern Corporation.Thomas M. Jones & Will Felps - 2013 - Business Ethics Quarterly 23 (3):349-379.
    Employing utilitarian criteria, Jones and Felps, in “Shareholder Wealth Maximization and Social Welfare: A Utilitarian Critique”, examined the sequential logic leading from shareholder wealth maximization to maximal social welfare and uncovered several serious empirical and conceptual shortcomings. After rendering shareholder wealth maximization seriously compromised as an objective for corporate operations, they provided a set of criteria regarding what a replacement corporate objective would look like, but do not offer a specific alternative. In this article, we draw on neo-utilitarian thought to (...)
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  41.  10
    On the Anti-Paternalist Project of Reconciliation.Viki Møller Lyngby Pedersen - 2019 - Utilitas 31 (1):20-37.
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  42.  45
    Plato’s Charmides: Positive Elenchus in a 'Socratic' Dialogue.Thomas M. Tuozzo - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Part I. Approaching the Dialogue: 1. Methodological preliminaries; 2. Historical and cultural context; Part II. Appropaching the Argument: 3. The opening scene; 4. Dialectic in the Charmides; Part III. The Dialectical Investigation: 5. Sophrosyne and its value; 6. Sophrosyne as self-knowledge: two reformulations; 7. Possibility of self-knowledge: Critian formulation; 8. Possibilitiy of self-knowledge; Socratic formulation; 9. Return of the value question; 10. Socrates' final speech and closing scene; 11. Sophrosyne, knowledge, and the good.
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  43. On Discursive Respect.Thomas M. Besch - 2014 - Social Theory and Practice 40 (2):207-231.
    Moral and political forms of constructivism accord to people strong, “constitutive” forms of discursive standing and so build on, or express, a commitment to discursive respect. The paper explores dimensions of discursive respect, i.e., depth, scope, and purchase; it addresses tenuous interdependencies between them; on this basis, it identifies limitations of the idea of discursive respect and of constructivism. The task of locating discursive respect in the normative space defined by its three dimensions is partly, and importantly, an ethical task (...)
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  44.  67
    John Dewey’s Theory of Art, Experience and Nature: The Horizons of Feeling.THOMAS M. ALEXANDER - 1987 - State University of New York Press.
    Thomas Alexander shows that the primary, guiding concern of Dewey's philosophy is his theory of aesthetic experience.
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  45.  8
    The Link Between 'Determination' and Conservation of Motion in Descartes' Dynamics.Ole Knudsen & Kurt Møller Pedersen - 1969 - Centaurus 13 (2):183-186.
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  46.  23
    John Duns Scotus on Parts, Wholes, and Hylomorphism.Thomas M. Ward - 2014 - Leiden and Boston: Brill.
  47.  70
    Spinoza on the Essences of Modes.Thomas M. Ward - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (1):19-46.
    This paper examines some aspects of Spinoza's metaphysics of the essences of modes.2 I situate Spinoza's use of the notion of essence as a response to traditional, Aristotelian, ways of thinking about essence. I argue that, although Spinoza rejects part of the Aristotelian conception of essence, according to which it is in virtue of its essence that a thing is a member of a kind, he nevertheless retains a different part of such a conception, according to which an essence is (...)
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  48. Political Liberalism, the Internal Conception, and the Problem of Public Dogma.Thomas M. Besch - 2012 - Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche 2 (1):153-177.
    According to the “internal” conception (Quong), political liberalism aims to be publicly justifiable only to people who are reasonable in a special sense specified and advocated by political liberalism itself. One advantage of the internal conception allegedly is that it enables liberalism to avoid perfectionism. The paper takes issue with this view. It argues that once the internal conception is duly pitched at its fundamental, metatheoretical level and placed in its proper discursive context, it emerges that it comes at the (...)
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  49.  2
    Water-Filled Telescopes and the Pre-History of Fresnel’s Ether Dragging.Kurt Møller Pedersen - 2000 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 54 (6):499-564.
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