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Thomas Metcalf [13]Thomas R. Metcalf [6]
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Thomas Metcalf
Spring Hill College
  1. The Nomological Argument for the Existence of God.Tyler Hildebrand & Thomas Metcalf - forthcoming - Noûs.
    According to the Nomological Argument, observed regularities in nature are best explained by an appeal to a supernatural being. A successful explanation must avoid two perils. Some explanations provide too little structure, predicting a universe without regularities. Others provide too much structure, thereby precluding an explanation of certain types of lawlike regularities featured in modern scientific theories. We argue that an explanation based in the creative, intentional action of a supernatural being avoids these two perils whereas leading competitors do not. (...)
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  2. An Axiological-Trajectory Theodicy.Thomas Metcalf - 2020 - Sophia 59 (3):577-592.
    I develop a new theodicy in defense of Anselmian theism, one that has several advantages over traditional and recent replies to the Problem of Evil. To make my case, I first explain the value of a positive trajectory: a forward-in-time decrease in ‘first-order-gratuitous’ evil: evil that is not necessary for any equal-or-greater first-order good, but may be necessary for a higher-order good, such as the good of strongly positive axiological trajectory. Positive trajectory arguably contributes goodness to a world in proportion (...)
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  3.  50
    Fine-Tuning the Multiverse.Thomas Metcalf - 2018 - Faith and Philosophy 35 (1):3-32.
    I present and defend an “indexical” version of the Fine-Tuning Argument. I begin by outlining the dialectic between the Fine-Tuning Argument, the Multiverse Objection, and the This-Universe Reply. Next, I sketch an indexical fine-tuning argument and defend it from two new objections. Then, I show that such an argument is immune to the Multiverse Objection. I explain how a further augmentation to the argument allows it to avoid an objection I call the “Indifference Objection.” I conclude that my indexical version (...)
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  4.  43
    Ontological Parsimony, Erosion, and Conservatism.Thomas Metcalf - 2016 - Metaphilosophy 47 (4-5):700-718.
    This article presents a novel argument against a common principle of parsimony in philosophy. First, it identifies a widely employed principle of positive ontological parsimony, according to which we should, ceteris paribus, prefer smaller ontologies to larger ontologies. Next, it shows how this principle is used as part of a strategy by which to argue for antirealist positions in many subfields of philosophy: the ockhamistic antirealist strategy. Third, it argues that this principle commits its adherents to an implausible epistemological thesis—the (...)
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  5.  59
    Fine-Tuning the Multiverse in Advance.Thomas Metcalf - forthcoming - Faith and Philosophy.
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  6.  89
    Omniscience and Maximal Power.Thomas Metcalf - 2004 - Religious Studies 40 (3):289-306.
    This essay examines a conflict between God's omnipotence and His omniscience. I discuss our intuitions regarding omnipotence and omniscience and describe a method by which we can decide whether a being is omnipotent. I consider the most promising versions of omnipotence and argue that they produce a genuine conflict with omniscience. Finally, I suggest that we can take the example of omniscience and generalize it to several of God's essential properties and thereby reveal incompatibilities that result even from sophisticated conceptions (...)
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  7.  40
    Entailment and Ontological Arguments: Reply to Maydole.Thomas Metcalf - 2005 - Philo 8 (2):131-133.
    Robert Maydole has recently presented a sophisticated ontological argument that he calls the Modal Perfection Argument for the existence of a supreme being. While this ontological argument is probably better than most of its peers, it is nonetheless open to at least one decisive objection. The purpose of this brief comment is to develop that objection. I claim that this objection indicates an important further point about the concept of entailment and its role in ontological arguments at large, the recognition (...)
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  8.  8
    An Epistemic-Virtue Solution to Some Peer Disagreements in Philosophy.Thomas Metcalf - 2018 - Southwest Philosophy Review 34 (1):103-116.
    I present a new way to resolve some peer disagreements in philosophy. While a straightforward majority-based argument would be inconclusive, I show that some philosophical majorities are special cases. I focus on the example of moral realism. First, I discuss how mathematically, small variations in our justified confidence in some particular cognizer’s judgment entail large differences in our justified confidence in the decision of a populous voting bloc comprising such cognizers. Second, I argue that plausible considerations about epistemic and moral (...)
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  9. Book Review. [REVIEW]Thomas Metcalf - 1977 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 97 (3):379-380.
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  10.  47
    Gun Violence as Industrial Pollution.Thomas Metcalf - 2018 - Public Affairs Quarterly 32 (2).
    I offer a new proposal to prevent some of the harms of gun violence in the United States. First, I argue that gun violence is a negative externality of gun production, on an analogy with industrial pollution. Second, I outline a law that the United States might use to internalize the violent costs of gun production. This law would provide a financial incentive for gun manufacturers to reduce gun violence in whatever legally permissible way they can, not necessarily by reducing (...)
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  11.  10
    Kuka Movement.Thomas R. Metcalf & Fauja Singh Bajwa - 1969 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 89 (3):670.
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  12.  10
    Liberalism and Empire.Thomas R. Metcalf - 2014 - Journal of the History of Ideas 75 (4):687-695.
  13.  15
    On Friederich’s New Fine-Tuning Argument.Thomas Metcalf - 2021 - Foundations of Physics 51 (2):1-15.
    The most common objection to the Fine-Tuning Argument for the Multiverse is that the argument commits the Inverse Gambler’s Fallacy. Simon Friederich has recently composed an interesting version of this fine-tuning argument that avoids this fallacy and better-matches important scientific instances of anthropic reasoning. My thesis in this paper is that this new argument, while it may avoid the fallacy, contains a disputable premise concerning the prior probabilities of the hypotheses at issue. I consider various ways to modify the argument (...)
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  14.  6
    Rival Empires of Trade in the Orient 1600-1800.Thomas R. Metcalf & Holden Furber - 1977 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 97 (3):379.
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  15.  7
    The Local Roots of Indian Politics, Allahad 1880-1920.Thomas R. Metcalf & C. A. Bayly - 1976 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 96 (3):466.
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  16.  17
    The Under-Determination Objection to Deductive Bare-Difference Arguments.Thomas Metcalf - 2013 - Southwest Philosophy Review 29 (1):107-118.
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  17.  8
    Land, Landlords, and the British Raj. Northern India in the Nineteenth Century.Rosane Rocher & Thomas R. Metcalf - 1982 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 102 (1):239.
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  18.  3
    Modern India: An Interpretive Anthology.Paul Wallace & Thomas R. Metcalf - 1973 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 93 (1):124.
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