147 found
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  1.  22
    What is Wrong with the Appendage Theory of Consciousness?Thomas Natsoulas - 1993 - Philosophical Psychology 6 (2):137-54.
    The present article distinguishes three kinds of accounts of direct awareness : mental-eye theory, self-intimational theory and appendage theory. These aim to explain the same phenomenon, though each proposes that direct awareness occurs in a fundamentally different way. Also, I address a crucial problem that appendage theory must solve: how does a direct awareness succeed in being awareness specifically of the particular mental-occurrence instance that is its object? Appendage theory is singled out for this attention because psychologists, as they embark (...)
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  2.  74
    Perhaps the Most Difficult Problem Faced by Behaviorism.Thomas Natsoulas - 1983 - Behaviorism 11 (April):1-26.
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  3. Dimensions of Perceptual Awareness.Thomas Natsoulas - 1982 - Behavior and Philosophy 10 (1):85.
     
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  4.  16
    Your Use of the JSTOR Archive Indicates Your Acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, Available At.Thomas Natsoulas - 1977 - Behaviorism 5 (1):75-97.
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  5.  7
    On Perceptual Aboutness.Thomas Natsoulas - 1977 - Behaviorism 5 (1):75-97.
  6.  13
    Haugeland's First Hurdle.Thomas Natsoulas - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (2):243-243.
  7.  23
    The Concept of Consciousness: The Interpersonal Meaning.Thomas Natsoulas - 1991 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 21 (September):63-89.
  8. Consciousness.Thomas Natsoulas - 1978 - American Psychologist 33:906-14.
     
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  9. Concepts of Consciousness.Thomas Natsoulas - 1983 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 4 (1):195-232.
  10. Conscious Perception and the Paradox of "Blind-Sight".Thomas Natsoulas - 1982 - In G. Underwood (ed.), Aspects of Consciousness, Volume 3: Awareness and Self-Awareness. Academic Press.
     
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  11.  12
    George Herbert Mead' S Conception of Consciousness.Thomas Natsoulas - 1985 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 15 (1):60–75.
  12.  38
    Why Do Things Look as They Do? Some Gibsonian Answers to Koffka's Question.Thomas Natsoulas - 1991 - Philosophical Psychology 4 (2):183-202.
  13.  10
    The Case for Intrinsic Theory: II. An Examination of a Conception of Consciousness 'Subscript 4' as Intrinsic, Necessary, and Concomitant.Thomas Natsoulas - 1996 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 17 (4):369-390.
    The present article is the second one in a series and begins to spell out the case for the intrinsic kind of theory of consciousness4. According to such theory, a mental-occurrence instance is conscious4 on its own, that is, as a part of its own internal structure. Considered here are a prominent phenomenologist’s argument in favor of an intrinsic theory of consciousness4, and his conception of how such inner awareness occurs in the case of objectivating mental acts, which are all (...)
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  14.  23
    The Concept of Consciousness: The Personal Meaning.Thomas Natsoulas - 1991 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 21 (September):339-67.
  15. The Case for Intrinsic Theory: I. An Introduction.Thomas Natsoulas - 1996 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 17 (3):267-286.
    This is the introductory installment in a projected series of articles in which I shall be advancing the positive case for the "intrinsic" kind of explanatory account of "consciousness4." "Consciousness4" has reference to a property of individual mental-occurrence instances wherein there takes place an immediate awareness of them either upon their occurrence or as part of their very occurrence. The immediacy or directness of such inner awareness amounts to the absence of mental mediation by any other occurrent awareness. An account (...)
     
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  16.  62
    Blindsight and Consciousness.Thomas Natsoulas - 1997 - American Journal of Psychology 110:1-33.
  17.  52
    The Concept of Consciousness: The Awareness Meaning.Thomas Natsoulas - 1992 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 22 (2):199-225.
  18.  16
    An Examination of Four Objections to Self-Intimating States of Consciousness.Thomas Natsoulas - 1989 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 10 (1):63-116.
  19.  4
    The Pluralistic Approach to the Nature of Feelings.Thomas Natsoulas - 1990 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 11 (2):173-218.
    This article contains an initial statement of the pluralistic approach together with some justification for its adoption by psychologists. Two alternative coneptions of the nature of feelings, William James's and Edmund Husserl's, are discussed with the pluralistic approach in mind. Psychologists who would practice the pluralistic approach with respect to the nature of feelings must develop a plural conception of the nature of feelings. A plural conception differs from a singular conception by simultaneously including more than a single account of (...)
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  20.  13
    On the Radical Behaviorist Conception of Cosciousness.Thomas Natsoulas - 1986 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 7 (1).
  21.  8
    The Concept of Consciousness: The Awareness Meaning.Thomas Natsoulas - 1992 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 2 (2):199-25.
  22.  34
    The Concept of Consciousness4 the Reflective Meaning.Thomas Natsoulas - 1994 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 24 (4):373–400.
    In this article, which is fourth in a series of six articles, I address the fourth concept of consciousness that the Oxford English Dictionary defines in its six main entries under the word consciousness. I first introduce this fourth concept, the concept of consciousness4. by identifying the previous three OED concepts of consciousness, which I have already discussed in this series of articles, and by indicating how that to which we make reference, respectively, by means of those three concepts is (...)
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  23. The Unity of Consciousness.Thomas Natsoulas - 1979 - Behaviorism 7 (2):45-63.
     
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  24.  18
    Towards the Improvement of Gibsonian Perception Theory.Thomas Natsoulas - 1984 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 14 (2):231–258.
  25.  10
    How Access-Consciousness Might Be a Kind of Consiousness.Thomas Natsoulas - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (2):264-265.
    In response to the objection that his “access-consciousness” is not really consciousness but a matter of the availability of certain information for certain kinds of processing, Block will probably have to argue that consciousness in a more basic, familiar, traditional sense is an essential component of any instance of access-consciousness and thus justifies the name.
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  26. The Concept of Consciousness: The General State Meaning.Thomas Natsoulas - 1999 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 29 (1):59-87.
    Considered here is the last one of the six basic concepts of consciousness that The Oxford English Dictionary identifies in its several entries under consciousness. The referent of the sixth concept, which I call “consciousness6”, is rightly understood to be a certain general operating mode of the mind. Any psychological account of consciousness6 must distinguish this operating mode from the “particular consciousness or awarenesses”, i.e., the specific thoughts, feelings, perceptions, intentions, and the like , that occur while the mind is (...)
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  27. Ontological Subjectivity.Thomas Natsoulas - 1991 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 175 (2):175-200.
    Addressed here are certain relations among intentionality, consciousness, and subjectivity which Searle has lately been calling our attention, while arguing that certain brain-occurrences possess irreducibly subjective features - in the sense that no amount of strictly objective, third-person information about the animal and his or her brain and behavior could result in a description of any such features, except by inference based on the first-person perspective. In his relevant discussions, Searle has focused on the aspectual shapes of conscious mental brain-occurrences, (...)
     
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  28.  77
    Sympathy, Empathy, and the Stream of Consciousness.Thomas Natsoulas - 1988 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 18 (June):169-195.
  29.  50
    Roger W. Sperry's Monist Interactionism.Thomas Natsoulas - 1987 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 8:1-21.
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  30. Consciousness and Self-Awareness: Part I: Consciousness1, Consciousness2, and Consciousness3.Thomas Natsoulas - 1997 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 18 (1):53-74.
    Published in two parts, the present article addresses whether self-awareness is necessarily involved in each of the six kinds of consciousness that The Oxford English Dictionary identifies under the word consciousness. Part I inquires into how, if at all, self-awareness enters consciousness1: a cognitive relation between people in which they have joint and mutual cognizance; consciousness2: a psychological process of conceiving of oneself in certain sorts of respects on a firsthand evidentiary basis; and consciousness3: being occurrently aware of anything at (...)
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  31. Toward a Model for Consciousness in the Light of BF Skinner's Contribution.Thomas Natsoulas - 1978 - Behaviorism 6 (2):139-175.
  32.  23
    Consciousness: Consideration of an Inferential Hypothesis.Thomas Natsoulas - 1977 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 7 (April):29-39.
  33.  41
    Reflective Seeing: An Exploration in the Company of Edmund Husserl and James J. Gibson.Thomas Natsoulas - 1990 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 21 (1):1-31.
    Discusses reflective seeing in the context of the works of J. J. Gibson (published 1963–79) and E. Husserl (published 1960–83). Topics discussed include (1) naive-realistic seeing, (2) the nature of visual experiences, (3) the relation of reflective seeing to naive-realistic seeing, and (4) levels of consciousness with reference to reflective seeing. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved).
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  34.  23
    A Rediscovery of Presence.Thomas Natsoulas - 1999 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 20 (1):17-41.
    When we see Wilfrid Sellars's favorite object, an ice cube pink through and through, we see the very pinkness of it. Inner awareness of our visual experience finds the ice cube to be experientially present, not merely representationally present to our consciousness. Its pinkness and other properties are present not merely metaphorically, not merely in the sense that the experience represents or is an occurrent belief in the ice cube's being there before us. Despite his behavioristic inclinations, Sellars acknowledges experiential (...)
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  35.  13
    The Concept of Consciousness1: The Interpersonal Meaning.Thomas Natsoulas - 1991 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 21 (1):63-89.
  36. A Selective Review of Conceptions of Consciousness with Special Reference to Behavioristic Contributions.Thomas Natsoulas - 1983 - Cognition and Brain Theory 6:417-47.
     
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  37. The Stream of Consciousness: William James's Specious Present.Thomas Natsoulas - 1993 - Imagination, Cognition and Personality 12:367-385.
  38. Basic Problems of Consciousness.Thomas Natsoulas - 1981 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 41:132-78.
  39. The Sciousness Hypothesis: Part I.Thomas Natsoulas - 1996 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 17 (1):45-66.
    The Sciousness Hypothesis holds that how we know our mental-occurrence instances does not include our having immediate awareness of them. Rather, we take notice of our behaviors or bodily reactions and infer mental-occurrence instances that would explain them. In The Principles, James left it an open question whether the Sciousness Hypothesis is true, and proceeded in accordance with the conviction that one’s stream of consciousness consists only of basic durational components of which one has immediate awareness. Nevertheless, James seems to (...)
     
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  40.  36
    A Rediscovery of Sigmund Freud.Thomas Natsoulas - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (3):300-322.
    As part of his rediscovery of consciousness, Searle has recently provided an interpretation of Freud's account of consciousness, including the relation of consciousness to nonconscious mental occurrences [i.e., preconscious mental occurrences and unconscious (repressed) mental occurrences]. Regrettably, Searle's interpretation is based on a single paragraph from The Unconscious and serves to eliminate Freud's general view on these matters as being "incoherent." In the present article, I rediscover Freud's account and show that Searle has deeply misunderstood him, thus converting Freud into (...)
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  41.  23
    The Subjective, Experiential Element in Perception.Thomas Natsoulas - 1974 - Psychological Bulletin 81:611-31.
  42.  8
    The Distinction Between Visual Perceiving and Visual Perceptual Experience.Thomas Natsoulas - 1989 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 10 (1):37-61.
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  43. Toward an Improved Understanding of Sigmund Freud's Conception of Consciousness.Thomas Natsoulas - 1992 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 13 (2):171-92.
    This article seeks to render Sigmund Freud's unfamiliar conception of consciousness more evident and accessible; because Freud was the greatest theorist psychology has so far known, and because present-day psychologists stand in special need of a variety of conceptual frameworks in whose terms they can give coherent and cogent expression to their different hypotheses pertaining to consciousness. The three main sections respectively address Freud's complex property of intrinsic consciousness, which characterizes each instance of every conscious psychical process and includes qualitative (...)
     
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  44.  26
    Is Consciousness What Psychologists Actually Examine?Thomas Natsoulas - 1990 - American Journal of Psychology 105:363-84.
  45.  5
    The Sciousness Hypothesis — Part II.Thomas Natsoulas - 1996 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 17 (2):185-206.
    The Sciousness Hypothesis holds that how we know our mental-occurrence instances does not include our having immediate awareness of them. Rather, we take notice of our behaviors or bodily reactions and infer mental-occurrence instances that would explain them. In The Principles, James left it an open question whether the Sciousness Hypothesis is true, although he proceeded on the conviction that one’s mental life consists exclusively of mental-occurrence instances of which one has immediate awareness. Nevertheless, James was tempted by the Sciousness (...)
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  46. The Case for Intrinsic Theory IV: An Argument From How Conscious Mental-Occurrence Instances Seem.Thomas Natsoulas - 1999 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 20 (3):257-276.
    More consistently than Aron Gurwitsch, whose intrinsic account of consciousness4 was the topic of the previous two articles of the present series, David Woodruff Smith maintains that, within any objectivating act that is its object, inner awareness is inextricably interwoven with the outer awareness that is involved in the act. I begin here an examination of arguments Woodruff Smith proffers pro an understanding of inner awareness as intrinsic. However, in the present article, I give attention only to one of his (...)
     
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  47. Consciousness and Memory.Thomas Natsoulas - 1986 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 7 (4):463-501.
  48. An Introduction to the Perceptual Kind of Conception of Direct Consciousness.Thomas Natsoulas - 1985 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 6 (3):333-356.
     
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  49.  78
    On the Intrinsic Nature of States of Consciousness: O'Shaughnessy and the Mythology of the Attention.Thomas Natsoulas - 2002 - Consciousness and Emotion 3 (1):35-64.
    What are the states of consciousness in themselves, those pulses of mentality that follow one upon another in tight succession and constitute the stream of consciousness? William James conceives of each of them as being, typically, a complex unitary awareness that instantiates many features and takes a multiplicity of objects. In contrast, Brian O?Shaughnessy claims that the basic durational component of the stream of consciousness is the attention, which he understands to be something like a psychic space that is simultaneously (...)
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  50. Freud and Consciousness I-XI.Thomas Natsoulas - 1996 - Psychoanalysis and Contemporary Thought 7:195-232.
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