Results for 'Thomas Nichols'

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Thomas Nichols-Faber
University of Rochester
  1. Exploring the Illusion of Free Will and Moral Responsibility.Susan Blackmore, Thomas W. Clark, Mark Hallett, John-Dylan Haynes, Ted Honderich, Neil Levy, Thomas Nadelhoffer, Shaun Nichols, Michael Pauen, Derk Pereboom, Susan Pockett, Maureen Sie, Saul Smilansky, Galen Strawson, Daniela Goya Tocchetto, Manuel Vargas, Benjamin Vilhauer & Bruce Waller - 2013 - Lexington Books.
    Exploring the Illusion of Free Will and Moral Responsibility is an edited collection of new essays by an internationally recognized line-up of contributors. It is aimed at readers who wish to explore the philosophical and scientific arguments for free will skepticism and their implications.
     
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  2.  59
    Thomas Reid's Theory of Perception.Ryan Nichols - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Nichols offers the first comprehensive interpretation of the eighteenth-century Scottish philosopher Thomas Reid's theory of perception - by far the most important feature of his philosophical system. Nichols's consummate knowledge of Reid's texts, lively examples, and plainspoken style make this book especially readable. It will be the definitive analysis for a long time to come.
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  3.  40
    Bayesian Occam's Razor Is a Razor of the People.Thomas Blanchard, Tania Lombrozo & Shaun Nichols - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (4):1345-1359.
    Occam's razor—the idea that all else being equal, we should pick the simpler hypothesis—plays a prominent role in ordinary and scientific inference. But why are simpler hypotheses better? One attractive hypothesis known as Bayesian Occam's razor is that more complex hypotheses tend to be more flexible—they can accommodate a wider range of possible data—and that flexibility is automatically penalized by Bayesian inference. In two experiments, we provide evidence that people's intuitive probabilistic and explanatory judgments follow the prescriptions of BOR. In (...)
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  4.  21
    Folk Retributivism And The Communication Confound.Thomas Nadelhoffer, Saeideh Heshmati, Deanna Kaplan & Shaun Nichols - 2013 - Economics and Philosophy 29 (2):235-261.
    Retributivist accounts of punishment maintain that it is right to punish wrongdoers, even if the punishment has no future benefits. Research in experimental economics indicates that people are willing to pay to punish defectors. A complementary line of work in social psychology suggests that people think that it is right to punish wrongdoers. This work suggests that people are retributivists about punishment. However, all of the extant work contains an important potential confound. The target of the punishment is expected to (...)
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  5. Moral Psychology: Historical and Contemporary Readings.Thomas Nadelhoffer, Eddy Nahmias & Shaun Nichols (eds.) - 2010 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    _Moral Psychology: Historical and Contemporary Readings_ is the first book to bring together the most significant contemporary and historical works on the topic from both philosophy and psychology. Provides a comprehensive introduction to moral psychology, which is the study of psychological mechanisms and processes underlying ethics and morality Unique in bringing together contemporary texts by philosophers, psychologists and other cognitive scientists with foundational works from both philosophy and psychology Approaches moral psychology from an empirically informed perspective Explores a wide range (...)
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  6. Natural Compatibilism, Indeterminism, and Intrusive Metaphysics.Thomas Nadelhoffer, David Rose, Wesley Buckwalter & Shaun Nichols - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (8).
    The claim that common sense regards free will and moral responsibility as compatible with determinism has played a central role in both analytic and experimental philosophy. In this paper, we show that evidence in favor of this “natural compatibilism” is undermined by the role that indeterministic metaphysical views play in how people construe deterministic scenarios. To demonstrate this, we re-examine two classic studies that have been used to support natural compatibilism. We find that although people give apparently compatibilist responses, this (...)
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  7.  36
    Thomas Reid.Gideon Yaffe & Ryan Nichols - 2009 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  8.  14
    Making Replication Prestigious.Krzysztof J. Gorgolewski, Thomas Nichols, David N. Kennedy, Jean-Baptiste Poline & Russell A. Poldrack - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  9.  28
    Thomas Reid on Reidian Religious Belief Forming Faculties.Ryan Nichols & Robert Callergård - 2011 - Modern Schoolman 88 (3):317-335.
    The role of epistemology in philosophy of religion has transformed the discipline by diverting questions away from traditional metaphysical issues and toward concerns about justification and warrant. Leaders responsible for these changes, including Plantinga, Alston and Draper, use methods and arguments fromScottish Enlightenment figures. In general theists use and cite techniques pioneered by Reid and non-theists use and cite techniques pioneered by Hume, a split reduplicated among cognitive scientists of religion, with Justin Barrett and Scott Atran respectively framing their results (...)
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  10.  7
    Just War, Not Prevention.Thomas M. Nichols - 2003 - Ethics and International Affairs 17 (1):25-29.
    Neither prevention nor preemption can have any moral standing in the abstract, since it is the circumstances, not the concepts, that inform their qualities as strategies. The question, rather, is whether the decision to engage in a new war against the Iraqi regime is just.
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  11.  21
    Thomas Reid's Theory of Perception – Ryan Nichols[REVIEW]Anik Waldow - 2010 - Philosophical Quarterly 60 (240):643-645.
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  12.  20
    Thomas Reid and the Story of Epistemology.Ryan Nichols - 2001 - Hume Studies 27 (2):349-352.
    Reid advocates some fascinating views and voices forceful arguments on their behalf, the plausibility of which has only ripened with age. Perhaps the best way to characterize Wolterstorff’s book is as a guided tour of these arguments. The book is timely because there are only a handful of books explicating Reid’s theories. Due to its structure and scope, Wolterstorff’s effort occupies a place on the scholarly shelf near Keith Lehrer’s Thomas Reid and Roger D. Gallie’s Thomas Reid and (...)
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  13.  47
    Functional Connectomics From Resting-State fMRI.Stephen M. Smith, Diego Vidaurre, Christian F. Beckmann, Matthew F. Glasser, Mark Jenkinson, Karla L. Miller, Thomas E. Nichols, Emma C. Robinson, Gholamreza Salimi-Khorshidi & Mark W. Woolrich - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (12):666-682.
  14. John F. Haught in Search of a God for Evolution: Paul Tillich and Pierre Teilhard de Chardin Edward L. Schoen Clocks, God, and Scientific Realism Michael Ruse Robert Boyle and the Machine Metaphor Human Meaning in a Technological Culture.Thomas Rockwell, William R. LaFleur, Willem B. Drees, Philip Hefner, Rustum Roy, John A. Teske, Human Relationships Cyberpsychology & Terence L. Nichols Why Miracles - 2002 - Zygon 37 (3-4):768.
  15.  24
    Thomas Reid's Theory of Perception - by Ryan Nichols[REVIEW]Jennifer Mckitrick - 2008 - Philosophical Books 49 (3):257-261.
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  16.  29
    Discovering Aquinas: An Introduction to His Life, Work, and Influence.Aidan Nichols - 2002 - William B. Eerdmans Pub. Co..
    Thomas Aquinas is one the great figures of the Christian church, and his ideas continue to have a powerful effect on theologians and contemporary thinkers from very different backgrounds and traditions. In Discovering Aquinas Aidan Nichols offers a lively and authoritative introduction to the life, thought, and ongoing influence of this singular churchman. After a lengthy period of declining interest in Aquinas, we are now witnessing a Thomistic renaissance, including a renewed appreciation for the way his work brings (...)
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  17.  18
    Review of A. Broadie (Ed.), Thomas Reid on Logic, Rhetoric and the Fine Arts: Papers on the Culture of the Mind[REVIEW]Ryan Nichols - 2007 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (1):165-166.
    Ryan Nichols - Thomas Reid on Logic, Rhetoric and the Fine Arts: Papers on the Culture of the Mind - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45:1 Journal of the History of Philosophy 45.1 165-166 Muse Search Journals This Journal Contents Reviewed by Ryan Nichols California State University, Fullerton Alexander Broadie, editor. Thomas Reid on Logic, Rhetoric and the Fine Arts: Papers on the Culture of the Mind. The Edinburgh Edition of Thomas Reid, Vol. 5. (...)
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  18.  14
    Thomas d'aquin: Commentaire de l'epître aux romains, suivi de lettre à Bernard ayglier, Abbé du mont-Cassin, edited by Jean-éric stroobant de saint-éloy. Thomas d'aquin: Commentaire de la première epître aux corinthiens, complété Par Pierre de tarentaise.Aidan Nichols - 2006 - New Blackfriars 87 (1012):660-662.
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  19. Thomas Reid on Logic, Rhetoric and the Fine Arts. [REVIEW]Ryan Nichols - 2007 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (1):165-166.
    Ryan Nichols - Thomas Reid on Logic, Rhetoric and the Fine Arts: Papers on the Culture of the Mind - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45:1 Journal of the History of Philosophy 45.1 165-166 Muse Search Journals This Journal Contents Reviewed by Ryan Nichols California State University, Fullerton Alexander Broadie, editor. Thomas Reid on Logic, Rhetoric and the Fine Arts: Papers on the Culture of the Mind. The Edinburgh Edition of Thomas Reid, Vol. 5. (...)
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  20.  6
    Custom in St Thomas's Political Thought.Donald Nicholl - 1949 - New Blackfriars 30 (349):172-176.
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  21. Seers and Judges: American Literature as Political Philosophy.Ann Davis, Thomas S. Engeman, Lilly J. Goren, Despina Korovessis, Peter Augustine Lawler, Carol McNamara, Mary P. Nichols & Laura Weiner (eds.) - 2001 - Lexington Books.
    Alexis de Tocqueville asserted that America had no truly great literature, and that American writers merely mimicked the British and European traditions of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. This new edited collection masterfully refutes Tocqueville's monocultural myopia and reveals the distinctive role American poetry and prose have played in reflecting and passing judgment upon the core values of American democracy. The essays, profiling the work of Mark Twain, F. Scott Fitzgerald, John Updike, Edith Wharton, Walt Whitman, Henry James, Willa Cather, (...)
     
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  22.  13
    Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans: A Reconstruction and Historical Analysis of a Proto-Language and a Proto-Culture, Part I: The Text; Part II: Bibliography, Indexes.H. Craig Melchert, Thomas V. Gamkrelidze, Vjac̆eslav V. Ivanov, Johanna Nichols & Vjaceslav V. Ivanov - 1997 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 117 (4):741.
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  23.  9
    End of the Line: Line Bisection, an Unreliable Measure of Approach and Avoidance Motivation.Nathan C. Leggett, Nicole A. Thomas & Michael E. R. Nicholls - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (6).
  24.  23
    Review of Ryan Nichols, Thomas Reid's Theory of Perception[REVIEW]Todd Buras - 2007 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (8).
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  25. Pentecostalism.John Thomas Nichol - 1966
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  26.  4
    Russian Democracy and Social Capital.Thomas M. Nichols - 1996 - Social Science Information 35 (4):629-642.
    This article argues that the most significant problem facing Russian democratic consolidation is a lack of social capital, the values and relationships based on trust that undergird stable democracy. This lack is a direct result of policies executed in the Soviet period that were designed specifically to suppress those relationships. This represents a novel approach that is intended to move discussion about Russian democracy towards a fundamental re-examination of the social environment in which Russian democratic consolidation is occurring.
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  27.  36
    Some Comments of the Editors Who Signed the "Civilisation of Love" Statement.Daniel Nichols, Maclin Horton, Jennifer Belisle, Frank Donovan & Thomas Storck - 1995 - The Chesterton Review 21 (1):203-215.
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  28. St. Thomas and the Sacramental Liturgy.Aidan Nichols - 2008 - The Thomist 72 (4):571-593.
     
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  29.  21
    A Trinitarian Anthropology: Adrienne Von Speyr & Hans Urs Von Balthasar in Dialogue with Thomas Aquinas by Michele M. Schumacher, Catholic University of America Press, Washington, D.C., 2014, Pp. XIII + 451, $ 79.95, Hbk. [REVIEW]Aidan Nichols - 2016 - New Blackfriars 97 (1069):397-399.
  30.  6
    The Unchanging God of Love: Thomas Aquinas and Contemporary Theology on Divine Immutability by Michael J. Dodds Op.Aidan Nichols - 2010 - New Blackfriars 91 (1032):198-200.
  31. The Works of Thomas Gray with Memoirs of His Life and Writings.Thomas Gray, William Mason, Thomas James Mathias, William Bulmer & John Porter - 1814 - Printed by William Bulmer and Co., Shakspeare Press for John Porter in Pall-Mall Bookseller to Her Royal Highness the Princess Charlotte.
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  32. Gideon Yaffe: Manifest Activity: Thomas Reid's Theory of Action.R. Nichols - 2005 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 13 (3):584.
     
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  33.  44
    "The Sacred Cosmos: Christian Faith and the Challenge of Naturalism," Terence L. Nichols.Thomas S. Storck - 2012 - The Chesterton Review 38 (3/4):541-560.
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  34.  27
    The Cambridge Companion to the Thomas Reid, Terence Cuneo and René van Woudenberg, Eds., Cambridge University Press, 2004. 369 Pp. Paperback £18.99. ISBN: 0521012082. [REVIEW]Ryan Nichols - 2005 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 3 (1):83-93.
  35. Michel Foucault and Power Today: International Multidisciplinary Studies in the History of the Present.Mario Colucci, Pierangelo Di Vittorio, David Gabbard, Monique Lanoix, Christian Lavagno, Thomas Lemke, Dario Melossi, Warren Montag, Tracey Nicholls & Frank Pearce (eds.) - 2005 - Lexington Books.
    Few thinkers have left such an influence across such a diverse range of studies as Michel Foucault has. This book pays homage to that diversity by presenting a multidisciplinary series of analyses dedicated to the question of power today.
     
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  36.  11
    Memoirs of Fellows and Corresponding Fellows of the Medieval Academy of America.Giles Constable, Nancy van Deusen, Paul E. Szarmach, Thomas Bisson, Constantin Fasolt, Samuel G. Armistead, Stephen G. Nichols & Gerard J. Brault - 2005 - Speculum 80 (3):1035-1039.
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  37.  47
    "Experimental Philosophy and its Critic," Ed. Joachim Horvath and Thomas Grundmann; "Experimental Philosophy," Volume 2, Ed. Joshua Knobe and Shaun Nichols; and "Current Controversies in Experimental Philosophy," Ed. Edouard Machery and Elizabeth O’Neill. [REVIEW]Joshua Alexander - 2014 - Teaching Philosophy 37 (3):411-414.
  38.  11
    The Clustering of Galaxies in the SDSS-III Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey: Baryon Acoustic Oscillations in the Data Releases 10 and 11 Galaxy Samples. [REVIEW]L. Anderson, E. Aubourg, S. Bailey, F. Beutler, V. Bhardwaj, M. Blanton, A. S. Bolton, J. Brinkmann, Brownstein Jr, A. Burden, C. H. Chuang, A. J. Cuesta, K. S. Dawson, D. J. Eisenstein, S. Escoffier, J. E. Gunn, H. Guo, S. Ho, K. Honscheid, C. Howlett, D. Kirkby, R. H. Lupton, M. Manera, C. Maraston, C. K. McBride, O. Mena, F. Montesano, R. C. Nichol, S. E. Nuza, M. D. Olmstead, N. Padmanabhan, N. Palanque-Delabrouille, J. Parejko, W. J. Percival, P. Petitjean, F. Prada, A. M. Price-Whelan, B. Reid, N. A. Roe, A. J. Ross, N. P. Ross, C. G. Sabiu, S. Saito, L. Samushia, A. G. Sánchez, D. J. Schlegel, D. P. Schneider, C. G. Scoccola, H. J. Seo, R. A. Skibba, M. A. Strauss, M. E. Molly, D. Thomas, J. L. Tinker, R. Tojeiro, M. V. Magaña, L. Verde, B. A. da WakeWeaver, D. H. Weinberg, M. White, X. Xu, C. Yèche, I. Zehavi & G. B. Zhao - unknown
    We present a one per cent measurement of the cosmic distance scale from the detections of the baryon acoustic oscillations in the clustering of galaxies from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey, which is part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III. Our results come from the Data Release 11 sample, containing nearly one million galaxies and covering approximately 8500 square degrees and the redshift range 0.2 < z < 0.7. We also compare these results with those from the publicly released (...)
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  39.  22
    Book Review Section 3. [REVIEW]Violet Anselmini Allain, Richard Moll, John R. Thelin, Neal A. Norris, William J. Lowe, Nicholas C. Polos, W. Bruce Leslie, Jack D. Spiro, Robert R. Sherman, J. Harold Anderson, William F. O'Neill, Ray Nichols, Donna Lee Younker & Thomas A. Brindley - 1980 - Educational Studies 11 (3):294-310.
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  40. Living Professionalism: Reflections on the Practice of Medicine.Mona Ahmed, Amy Baernstein, Rick Boyte, Mark G. Brennan, Alison S. Clay, David J. Doukas, Denise Gibson, Andrew P. Jacques, Christian J. Krautkramer, Justin M. List, Sandra McNeal, Gwen L. Nichols, Bonnie Salomon, Thomas Schindler, Kathy Stepien & Norma E. Wagoner (eds.) - 2006 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    A collection of personal narratives and essays, Living Professionalism is designed to help medical students and residents understand and internalize various aspects of professionalism. These essays are meant for personal reflection and above all, for thoughtful discussion with mentors, with peers, with others throughout the health care provider community who care about acting professionally.
     
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  41.  9
    The Clustering of Galaxies in the Sdss-Iii Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey: The Low-Redshift Sample.J. K. Parejko, T. Sunayama, N. Padmanabhan, A. A. da WakeBerlind, D. Bizyaev, M. Blanton, A. S. Bolton, F. van den Bosch, J. Brinkmann, Brownstein Jr, L. A. N. Da Costa, D. J. Eisenstein, H. Guo, E. Kazin, M. Maia, E. Malanushenko, C. Maraston, C. K. McBride, R. C. Nichol, D. J. Oravetz, K. Pan, W. J. Percival, F. Prada, A. J. Ross, N. P. Ross, D. J. Schlegel, D. Schneider, A. E. Simmons, R. Skibba, J. Tinker, R. Tojeiro, B. A. Weaver, A. Wetzel, M. White, D. H. Weinberg, D. Thomas, I. Zehavi & Z. Zheng - unknown
    We report on the small-scale (0.5 13 h - 1M, a large-scale bias of ~2.0 and a satellite fraction of 12 ± 2 per cent. Thus, these galaxies occupy haloes with average masses in between those of the higher redshift BOSS CMASS sample and the original SDSS I/II luminous red galaxy sample © 2012 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society © doi:10.1093/mnras/sts314.
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  42.  7
    Both Human and HumaneThe Process of EducationThe Creative Arts in American Education.W. Arnold Lloyd, Charles E. Boewe, Roy F. Nichols, Jerome S. Bruner, Thomas Munro & Herbert Read - 1961 - British Journal of Educational Studies 10 (1):90.
  43. The Laws of Plato.Thomas L. Pangle (ed.) - 1988 - University of Chicago Press.
    _The Laws_, Plato's longest dialogue, has for centuries been recognized as the most comprehensive exposition of the _practical_ consequences of his philosophy, a necessary corrective to the more visionary and utopian _Republic_. In this animated encounter between a foreign philosopher and a powerful statesman, not only do we see reflected, in Plato's own thought, eternal questions of the relation between political theory and practice, but we also witness the working out of a detailed plan for a new political order that (...)
     
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  44.  50
    Thomas Reid’s Theory of Perception. [REVIEW]Catherine Kemp - 2007 - Hume Studies 33 (2):339-344.
    Review of Ryan Nichols, _Thomas Reid's Theory of Perception_ (Oxford University Press, 2007).
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  45.  30
    Thomas Reid's Theory of Perception. [REVIEW]Patrick Rysiew - 2008 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 46 (4):pp. 647-648.
    Thanks in no small part to the recognition afforded it by such established figures as William Alston, Keith Lehrer, Alvin Plantinga, and others, Thomas Reid’s philosophy is, at long last, getting the serious attention that it deserves. Ryan Nichols is among the generation of younger scholars who are making Reid’s work a focus of their research, and he has written an excellent book examining Reid’s views on perception.Previous treatments have been either in articles or part of a larger (...)
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  46. Introduction: Exploring the Illusion of Free Will and Moral Responsibility.Gregg Caruso - 2013 - In Gregg D. Caruso (ed.), Exploring the Illusion of Free Will and Moral Responsibility. Lexington Books.
    This introductory chapter discusses the philosophical and scientific arguments for free will skepticism and their implications--including the debate between Saul Smilansky's "illusionism," Thomas Nadelhoffer's "disillusionism," Shaun Nichols' "anti-revolution," and the "optimistic skepticism" of Derk Pereboom, Bruce Waller, Tamler Sommers, and others.
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  47.  55
    Exploring the Illusion of Free Will and Moral Responsibility.Gregg D. Caruso (ed.) - 2013 - Lexington Books.
    This book explores the philosophical and scientific arguments for free will skepticism and their implications. Skepticism about free will and moral responsibility has been on the rise in recent years. In fact, a significant number of philosophers, psychologists, and neuroscientists now either doubt or outright deny the existence of free will and/or moral responsibility—and the list of prominent skeptics appears to grow by the day. Given the profound importance that the concepts of free will and moral responsibility play in our (...)
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  48. Folk Fears About Freedom and Responsibility: Determinism Vs. Reductionism.Eddy Nahmias - 2006 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 6 (1-2):215-237.
    My initial work, with collaborators Stephen Morris, Thomas Nadelhoffer, and Jason Turner (2005, 2006), on surveying folk intuitions about free will and moral responsibility was designed primarily to test a common claim in the philosophical debates: that ordinary people see an obvious conflict between determinism and both free will and moral responsibility, and hence, the burden is on compatibilists to motivate their theory in a way that explains away or overcomes this intuitive support for incompatibilism. The evidence, if any, (...)
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  49.  40
    Thomas Kuhn.Thomas Nickles (ed.) - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    Contemporary Philosophy in Focus offers a series of introductory volumes to many of the dominant philosophical thinkers of the current age. Thomas Kuhn, the author of The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, is probably the best-known and most influential historian and philosopher of science of the last 25 years, and has become something of a cultural icon. His concepts of paradigm, paradigm change and incommensurability have changed the way we think about science. This volume offers an introduction to Kuhn's life (...)
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  50. Mindreading: An Integrated Account of Pretence, Self-Awareness, and Understanding Other Minds.Shaun Nichols & Stephen P. Stich - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    The everyday capacity to understand the mind, or 'mindreading', plays an enormous role in our ordinary lives. Shaun Nichols and Stephen Stich provide a detailed and integrated account of the intricate web of mental components underlying this fascinating and multifarious skill. The imagination, they argue, is essential to understanding others, and there are special cognitive mechanisms for understanding oneself. The account that emerges has broad implications for longstanding philosophical debates over the status of folk psychology. Mindreading is another trailblazing (...)
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