Results for 'Thomas R. Einert'

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  1. 21 Some Perspectives on Survival Thomas R. Tietze.Thomas R. Tietze - 1974 - In John Warren White (ed.), Frontiers of Consciousness: The Meeting Ground Between Inner and Outer Reality. Julian Press. pp. 337.
     
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  2.  52
    The Impact of Ethics Code Familiarity on Manager Behavior.Thomas R. Wotruba, Lawrence B. Chonko & Terry W. Loe - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 33 (1):59 - 69.
    Codes of ethics exist in many, if not the majority, of all large U.S. companies today. But how the impact of these written codes affect managerial attitudes and behavior is still not clearly documented or explained. This study takes a step in that direction by proposing that attention should shift from the codes themselves as the sources of ethical behavior to the persons whose behavior is the focus of these codes. In particular, this study investigates the role of code familiarity (...)
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  3. Adam Smith on Morality and Self-Interest.Thomas R. Wells - 2013 - In Christoph Luetge (ed.), Handbook of the Philosophical Foundations of Business Ethics. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer. pp. 281--296.
    Adam Smith is respected as the father of contemporary economics for his work on systemizing classical economics as an independent field of study in The Wealth of Nations. But he was also a significant moral philosopher of the Scottish Enlightenment, with its characteristic concern for integrating sentiments and rationality. This article considers Adam Smith as a key moral philosopher of commercial society whose critical reflection upon the particular ethical challenges posed by the new pressures and possibilities of commercial society remains (...)
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  4.  3
    The Social and Political Thought of Benedict Xvi.Thomas R. Rourke - 2010 - Lexington Books.
    Covering the entire trajectory of his religious life, this book identifies and analyzes the foundations of political and social order in the philosophy of Pope Benedict XVI. Thomas R. Rourke explains Benedict's belief in the value of the Christian tradition's contribution to a contemporary politics of reason.
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  5.  24
    Neuroscience May Supersede Ethics and Law.Thomas R. Scott - 2012 - Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (3):433-437.
    Abstract Advances in technology now make it possible to monitor the activity of the human brain in action, however crudely. As this emerging science continues to offer correlations between neural activity and mental functions, mind and brain may eventually prove to be one. If so, such a full comprehension of the electrochemical bases of mind may render current concepts of ethics, law, and even free will irrelevant. Content Type Journal Article Category Original Paper Pages 1-5 DOI 10.1007/s11948-012-9351-1 Authors Thomas (...)
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  6.  34
    The Moral Intensity of Privacy: An Empirical Study of Webmasters' Attitudes. [REVIEW]Thomas R. Shaw - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 46 (4):301 - 318.
    Webmasters are a key moral agent in the issue of privacy. This study attempts to understand the factors underlying their attitudes about privacy based on the theory of moral intensity. Webmasters of high-traffic sites were invited via email to participate in a web-based survey. The results support the application of moral intensity to the domain of privacy and the population of webmasters - both outcomes and social norms have statistically significant main effects on attitudes. The results also suggest a reconfiguration (...)
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  7.  36
    Beauty Is Not All There Is to Aesthetics in Mathematics.R. S. D. Thomas - forthcoming - Philosophia Mathematica:nkw019.
    Aesthetics in philosophy of mathematics is too narrowly construed. Beauty is not the only feature in mathematics that is arguably aesthetic. While not the highest aesthetic value, being interesting is a sine qua non for publishability. Of the many ways to be interesting, being explanatory has recently been discussed. The motivational power of what is interesting is important for both directing research and stimulating education. The scientific satisfaction of curiosity and the artistic desire for beautiful results are complementary but both (...)
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  8.  11
    Cognitive Dissonance Reduction as Constraint Satisfaction.Thomas R. Shultz & Mark R. Lepper - 1996 - Psychological Review 103 (2):219-240.
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  9. Sartre and Marxist Existentialism the Test Case of Collective Responsibility /Thomas R. Flynn. --. --.Thomas R. Flynn - 1984 - University of Chicago Press, 1984.
     
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  10. Transformation Without Paternalism.Thomas R. Wells & John B. Davis - 2016 - Journal of Human Development and Capabilities 17 (3):360-376.
    Human development is meant to be transformational in that it aims to improve people's lives by enhancing their capabilities. But who does it target: people as they are or the people they will become? This paper argues that the human development approach relies on an understanding of personal identity as dynamic rather than as static collections of preferences, and that this distinguishes human development from conventional approaches to development. Nevertheless, this dynamic understanding of personal identity is presently poorly conceptualized and (...)
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  11.  11
    A Theory of Personalism.Thomas R. Rourke & Rosita A. Chazarreta Rourke - 2006 - Lexington Books.
    This distinctive and contemporary departure from hackneyed discussions of political theory introduces readers to a contemporary personalism rooted in the work of Bartolome de Las Casas and emerging again in the contributions of Dorothy Day, Peter Maurin as well as the liberation theology of Gustavo Guiterrez and Jon Sobrino. Thomas R. Rourke and Rosita A. Chazarreta Rourke introduce readers to new sources of personalism by investigating and revising the intellectual history of this theory and its development.
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  12. Organism-Environment Mutuality Epistemics, and the Concept of an Ecological Niche.Thomas R. Alley - 1985 - Synthese 65 (3):411 - 444.
    The concept of an ecological niche (econiche) has been used in a variety of ways, some of which are incompatible with a relational or functional interpretation of the term. This essay seeks to standardize usage by limiting the concept to functional relations between organisms and their surroundings, and to revise the concept to include epistemic relations. For most organisms, epistemics are a vital aspect of their functional relationships to their surroundings and, hence, a major determinant of their econiche. Rejecting the (...)
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  13.  39
    Sartre and Marxist Existentialism: The Test Case of Collective Responsibility.Thomas R. Flynn - 1984 - University of Chicago Press.
    In this important book, Thomas R. Flynn reinterprets and evaluates Sartre's social and political philosophy, arguing that the existential ethics of Sartre's ...
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  14. Paternalism in Public Health Care.Thomas R. V. Nys - 2008 - Public Health Ethics 1 (1):64-72.
    University of Utrecht, Department of Philosophy, Heidelberglaan 6, 3584 CS Utrecht, The Netherlands. Tel.: +31 30 253 28 74, Email: Thomas.Nys{at}phil.uu.nl ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//-->Measures in public health care seem vulnerable to charges of paternalism: their aim is to protect, restore, or promote people's health, but the public character of these measures seems to leave insufficient room for respect for individual autonomy. This paper wants to explore three challenges to these charges: Measures in (...)
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  15. Sen's Capability Approach.Thomas R. Wells - 2012 - In J. Feiser & B. Dowden (eds.), Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    This article focuses on the philosophical aspects of the Capability Approach and its foundations in the work of Amartya Sen. It discusses the development and structure of Sen’s account, how it relates to other ethical approaches, and its main contributions and criticisms. It also outlines various capability theories developed within the Capability Approach, with particular attention to that of Martha Nussbaum.
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  16.  20
    Rule Following and Rule Use in the Balance-Scale Task.Thomas R. Shultz & Yoshio Takane - 2007 - Cognition 103 (3):460-472.
  17.  31
    Review of Michael Sandel’s What Money Can’T Buy: The Moral Limits of Markets. [REVIEW]Thomas R. Wells - 2014 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 7 (1):138-149.
  18.  10
    Inquiry Into Meaning and Truth.R. S. D. Thomas - 1990 - Philosophia Mathematica (1-2):73-87.
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  19. Medical Humanities: An Introduction.Thomas R. Cole, Nathan S. Carlin & Ronald A. Carson - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    This textbook brings the humanities to students in order to evoke the humanity of students. It helps to form individuals who take charge of their own minds, who are free from narrow and unreflective forms of thought, and who act compassionately in their public and professional worlds. Using concepts and methods of the humanities, the book addresses undergraduate and premed students, medical students, and students in other health professions, as well as physicians and other healthcare practitioners. It encourages them to (...)
     
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  20.  21
    Theoretical and Practical Reason in Economics: Capacities and Capabilities. [REVIEW]Thomas R. Wells - 2014 - Journal of Economic Methodology 21 (2):202-207.
    (2014). Theoretical and practical reason in economics: capacities and capabilities. Journal of Economic Methodology: Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 202-207. doi: 10.1080/1350178X.2014.910937.
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  21. Sartre, Foucault, and Historical Reason, Volume One: Toward an Existentialist Theory of History.Thomas R. Flynn - 1997 - University of Chicago Press.
    Sartre and Foucault were two of the most prominent and at times mutually antagonistic philosophical figures of the twentieth century. And nowhere are the antithetical natures of their existentialist and poststructuralist philosophies more apparent than in their disparate approaches to historical understanding. A history, thought Foucault, should be a kind of map, a comparative charting of structural transformations and displacements. But for Sartre, authentic historical understanding demanded a much more personal and committed narrative, a kind of interpretive diary of moral (...)
     
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  22.  68
    Competition Theory, Evolution, and the Concept of an Ecological Niche.Thomas R. Alley - 1982 - Acta Biotheoretica 31 (3):165-179.
    This article examines some of the main tenets of competition theory in light of the theory of evolution and the concept of an ecological niche. The principle of competitive exclusion and the related assumption that communities exist at competitive equilibrium - fundamental parts of many competition theories and models - may be violated if non-equilibrium conditions exist in natural communities or are incorporated into competition models. Furthermore, these two basic tenets of competition theory are not compatible with the theory of (...)
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  23. Sartre: A Philosophical Biography.Thomas R. Flynn - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Jean-Paul Sartre was one of the most influential thinkers of the twentieth century. Regarded as the father of existentialist philosophy, he was also a political critic, moralist, playwright, novelist, and author of biographies and short stories. Thomas R. Flynn provides the first book-length account of Sartre as a philosopher of the imaginary, mapping the intellectual development of his ideas throughout his life, and building a narrative that is not only philosophical but also attentive to the political and literary dimensions (...)
     
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  24.  6
    Biosocial Correlates of Stature in a 16-Year-Old British Cohort.Thomas R. Terrell & C. G. N. Mascie-Taylor - 1991 - Journal of Biosocial Science 23 (4):401-408.
    Analyses of the height variation of 16-year-old members of the British National Child Development Study revealed a number of biological and social variables which associated with stature. After multiple regression analyses only eight variables, namely social class, family size, tenure , crowding status, number of children sleeping in the bed, region of the country, sex of child, and pubic hair rating, remained significant. The total variation explained by these biosocial variables was 37·5%.
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  25.  36
    The Critique of Power: Reflective Stages in a Critical Social Theory.Thomas R. Thorp - 1994 - Ethics 104 (2):412-413.
  26.  16
    Oral Tradition and Written Record in Classical Athens.Carol G. Thomas & R. Thomas - 1990 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 110 (3):250-251.
  27.  11
    Effects of Context Change on Forgetting in Rats.Thomas R. Zentall - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (3):440.
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  28.  40
    Placebo Treatment is Effective Differently in Different Diseases — but is It Also Harmless? A Brief Synopsis.Thomas R. Weihrauch - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):151-155.
    The placebo drug reactions from controlled trials were studied for the first time systematically for efficacy and the safety in drug data pooled from randomized, placebo-controlled, multicentre studies. Results: The efficacy of placebo on clinical symptoms and outcome varied between the therapeutic indications. However, no placebo effects on laboratory values, as e.g. blood glucose or Hb1c in diabetics, were noted. The frequency and type of placebo-induced adverse reactions also varied between indication groups. The placebo side effect profile was largely similar (...)
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  29.  66
    Meanings in Ordinary Language and in Mathematics.R. S. D. Thomas - 1991 - Philosophia Mathematica (1):3-38.
  30.  4
    Extreme Science: Mathematics as the Science of Relations as Such.R. S. D. Thomas - 2008 - In Bonnie Gold & Roger Simons (eds.), Proof and Other Dilemmas: Mathematics and Philosophy. Mathematical Association of America. pp. 245.
  31.  7
    Stimulus Emphasis and All-or-None Learning in Concept Identification.Thomas R. Trabasso - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (4):398.
  32.  65
    Neural Networks Discover a Near-Identity Relation to Distinguish Simple Syntactic Forms.Thomas R. Shultz & Alan C. Bale - 2006 - Minds and Machines 16 (2):107-139.
    Computer simulations show that an unstructured neural-network model [Shultz, T. R., & Bale, A. C. (2001). Infancy, 2, 501–536] covers the essential features␣of infant learning of simple grammars in an artificial language [Marcus, G. F., Vijayan, S., Bandi Rao, S., & Vishton, P. M. (1999). Science, 283, 77–80], and generalizes to examples both outside and inside of the range of training sentences. Knowledge-representation analyses confirm that these networks discover that duplicate words in the sentences are nearly identical and that they (...)
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  33.  12
    Memory in the Pigeon: Retroactive Inhibition in a Delayed Matching Task.Thomas R. Zentall - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 1 (2):126-128.
  34.  21
    The Moral Foundations of the Insanity Defense.Thomas R. Litwack - 1984 - Criminal Justice Ethics 3 (1):12-19.
  35.  6
    Social Learning Mechanisms: Implications for a Cognitive Theory of Imitation.Thomas R. Zentall - 2011 - Interaction Studies: Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 12 (2):233-261.
  36.  5
    Some Stimulus Dimensions of Rotating Spirals.Thomas R. Scott & J. H. Noland - 1965 - Psychological Review 72 (5):344-357.
  37.  70
    Truth, Content, and the Hypothetico-Deductive Method.Thomas R. Grimes - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (3):514-522.
    After presenting the major objections raised against standard formulations of the H-D method of theory testing, I identify what seems to be an important element of truth underlying the method. I then draw upon this element in an effort to develop a plausible formulation of the H-D method which avoids the various objections.
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  38.  80
    Truth and Subjectivation in the Later Foucault.Thomas R. Flynn - 1985 - Journal of Philosophy 82 (10):531.
  39.  87
    Supervenience, Determination, and Dependency.Thomas R. Grimes - 1991 - Philosophical Studies 62 (April):81-92.
  40.  33
    Bemerkungen Zum Materialismusproblem.R. Thomas - 1965 - Studies in East European Thought 5 (4):299-310.
  41.  26
    Wisdom, Information and Wonder: What is Knowledge For?Thomas R. Foster - 1990 - Ethics 100 (4):902-903.
  42.  24
    Evidence Both for and Against Metacognition is Insufficient.Thomas R. Zentall - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):357-358.
    The authors' attempt to explore the ability of animals to monitor how certain they are of their choice behavior, necessarily fails both in their effort to include “higher” mammals (such as monkeys and dolphins) in the class of metacognitive organisms (humans) and in their conclusion that “lower” organisms are not capable of similar behavior.
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  43.  5
    The Trinity: An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Trinity.Thomas R. Thompson - 2001 - Philosophia Christi 3 (2):567-570.
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  44.  14
    Bemerkungen zum Materialismusproblem.R. Thomas - 1965 - Studies in Soviet Thought 5 (4):299-310.
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  45. Thomas R. Flynn and Dalia Judovitz, Eds., Dialectic and Narrative Reviewed By.James R. Watson - 1994 - Philosophy in Review 14 (5):325-326.
     
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  46.  15
    The Challenge of Representational Redescription.Thomas R. Shultz - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):728-729.
  47.  22
    Nishi Amane and Modern Japanese Thought.Thomas R. H. Havens - 1970 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
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  48. Mathematical Proof: Dedicated to the Memory of A. Thomas Tymoczko (1943 9 1-1996 8 9).R. S. D. Thomas - 1999 - Philosophia Mathematica 7 (1):3-4.
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  49.  30
    "The Shape of Meaning in the Poetry of David Jones," by Thomas Dilworth. [REVIEW]Thomas R. Whitaker - 1989 - The Chesterton Review 15 (3):376-381.
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  50.  16
    Insufficient Support for Either Response “Priming” or “Program-Level Imitation”.Thomas R. Zentall - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):708-709.
    Byrne & Russon propose that priming can account for the imitation of simple actions, but they fail to explain how the behavior of another can prime the observer's own behavior. They also propose that imitation of complex skills requires a sequence of acts tied together by a program, but they fail to rule out the role of trial-and-error learning and perceptual/motivational mechanisms in such task acquisition.
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