Results for 'Thomas R. Einert'

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  1.  5
    Impact of Loop Statistics on the Thermodynamics of RNA Folding.Thomas R. Einert, Paul M. Näger, Henri Orland & Roland R. Netz - 2008 - Physical Review Letters 101 (4):048103.
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  2. Sartre and Marxist Existentialism the Test Case of Collective Responsibility /Thomas R. Flynn. --. --.Thomas R. Flynn - 1984 - University of Chicago Press, 1984.
     
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  3. Organism-Environment Mutuality Epistemics, and the Concept of an Ecological Niche.Thomas R. Alley - 1985 - Synthese 65 (3):411 - 444.
    The concept of an ecological niche (econiche) has been used in a variety of ways, some of which are incompatible with a relational or functional interpretation of the term. This essay seeks to standardize usage by limiting the concept to functional relations between organisms and their surroundings, and to revise the concept to include epistemic relations. For most organisms, epistemics are a vital aspect of their functional relationships to their surroundings and, hence, a major determinant of their econiche. Rejecting the (...)
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  4.  55
    The Impact of Ethics Code Familiarity on Manager Behavior.Thomas R. Wotruba, Lawrence B. Chonko & Terry W. Loe - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 33 (1):59 - 69.
    Codes of ethics exist in many, if not the majority, of all large U.S. companies today. But how the impact of these written codes affect managerial attitudes and behavior is still not clearly documented or explained. This study takes a step in that direction by proposing that attention should shift from the codes themselves as the sources of ethical behavior to the persons whose behavior is the focus of these codes. In particular, this study investigates the role of code familiarity (...)
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  5.  49
    Sartre and Marxist Existentialism: The Test Case of Collective Responsibility.Thomas R. Flynn - 1984 - University of Chicago Press.
    In this important book, Thomas R. Flynn reinterprets and evaluates Sartre's social and political philosophy, arguing that the existential ethics of Sartre's ...
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  6. Paternalism in Public Health Care.Thomas R. V. Nys - 2008 - Public Health Ethics 1 (1):64-72.
    University of Utrecht, Department of Philosophy, Heidelberglaan 6, 3584 CS Utrecht, The Netherlands. Tel.: +31 30 253 28 74, Email: Thomas.Nys{at}phil.uu.nl ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//-->Measures in public health care seem vulnerable to charges of paternalism: their aim is to protect, restore, or promote people's health, but the public character of these measures seems to leave insufficient room for respect for individual autonomy. This paper wants to explore three challenges to these charges: Measures in (...)
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  7.  69
    Competition Theory, Evolution, and the Concept of an Ecological Niche.Thomas R. Alley - 1982 - Acta Biotheoretica 31 (3):165-179.
    This article examines some of the main tenets of competition theory in light of the theory of evolution and the concept of an ecological niche. The principle of competitive exclusion and the related assumption that communities exist at competitive equilibrium - fundamental parts of many competition theories and models - may be violated if non-equilibrium conditions exist in natural communities or are incorporated into competition models. Furthermore, these two basic tenets of competition theory are not compatible with the theory of (...)
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  8. 21 Some Perspectives on Survival Thomas R. Tietze.Thomas R. Tietze - 1974 - In John Warren White (ed.), Frontiers of Consciousness: The Meeting Ground Between Inner and Outer Reality. Julian Press. pp. 337.
     
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  9.  1
    Sartre, Foucault, and Historical Reason, Volume One: Toward an Existentialist Theory of History.Thomas R. Flynn - 1997 - University of Chicago Press.
    Sartre and Foucault were two of the most prominent and at times mutually antagonistic philosophical figures of the twentieth century. And nowhere are the antithetical natures of their existentialist and poststructuralist philosophies more apparent than in their disparate approaches to historical understanding. A history, thought Foucault, should be a kind of map, a comparative charting of structural transformations and displacements. But for Sartre, authentic historical understanding demanded a much more personal and committed narrative, a kind of interpretive diary of moral (...)
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  10.  4
    Medical Humanities: An Introduction.Thomas R. Cole, Nathan S. Carlin & Ronald A. Carson - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    This textbook brings the humanities to students in order to evoke the humanity of students. It helps to form individuals who take charge of their own minds, who are free from narrow and unreflective forms of thought, and who act compassionately in their public and professional worlds. Using concepts and methods of the humanities, the book addresses undergraduate and premed students, medical students, and students in other health professions, as well as physicians and other healthcare practitioners. It encourages them to (...)
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  11. Adam Smith on Morality and Self-Interest.Thomas R. Wells - 2013 - In Christoph Luetge (ed.), Handbook of the Philosophical Foundations of Business Ethics. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer. pp. 281--296.
    Adam Smith is respected as the father of contemporary economics for his work on systemizing classical economics as an independent field of study in The Wealth of Nations. But he was also a significant moral philosopher of the Scottish Enlightenment, with its characteristic concern for integrating sentiments and rationality. This article considers Adam Smith as a key moral philosopher of commercial society whose critical reflection upon the particular ethical challenges posed by the new pressures and possibilities of commercial society remains (...)
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  12. Sartre: A Philosophical Biography.Thomas R. Flynn - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Jean-Paul Sartre was one of the most influential thinkers of the twentieth century. Regarded as the father of existentialist philosophy, he was also a political critic, moralist, playwright, novelist, and author of biographies and short stories. Thomas R. Flynn provides the first book-length account of Sartre as a philosopher of the imaginary, mapping the intellectual development of his ideas throughout his life, and building a narrative that is not only philosophical but also attentive to the political and literary dimensions (...)
     
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  13.  13
    Cognitive Dissonance Reduction as Constraint Satisfaction.Thomas R. Shultz & Mark R. Lepper - 1996 - Psychological Review 103 (2):219-240.
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  14.  4
    The Social and Political Thought of Benedict Xvi.Thomas R. Rourke - 2010 - Lexington Books.
    Covering the entire trajectory of his religious life, this book identifies and analyzes the foundations of political and social order in the philosophy of Pope Benedict XVI. Thomas R. Rourke explains Benedict's belief in the value of the Christian tradition's contribution to a contemporary politics of reason.
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  15.  36
    The Critique of Power: Reflective Stages in a Critical Social Theory.Thomas R. Thorp - 1994 - Ethics 104 (2):412-413.
  16.  87
    Truth and Subjectivation in the Later Foucault.Thomas R. Flynn - 1985 - Journal of Philosophy 82 (10):531.
  17.  5
    What Adam Smith Really Thought Should Not Matter.Thomas R. Wells - 2019 - Business Ethics Journal Review 7 (7):40-46.
    Hühn and Dierksmeier argue that a better understanding of Adam Smith’s work would improve business ethics research and education. I worry that their approach encourages two scholarly sins. First, anachronistic historiography in which we distort Smith’s ideas by making him answer questions about contemporary debates in CSR theory. Second, treating him as a prophet by assuming that finding out what Smith would have thought about it is the right way to answer such questions.
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  18.  76
    Truth, Content, and the Hypothetico-Deductive Method.Thomas R. Grimes - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (3):514-522.
    After presenting the major objections raised against standard formulations of the H-D method of theory testing, I identify what seems to be an important element of truth underlying the method. I then draw upon this element in an effort to develop a plausible formulation of the H-D method which avoids the various objections.
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  19.  35
    The Moral Intensity of Privacy: An Empirical Study of Webmasters' Attitudes. [REVIEW]Thomas R. Shaw - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 46 (4):301 - 318.
    Webmasters are a key moral agent in the issue of privacy. This study attempts to understand the factors underlying their attitudes about privacy based on the theory of moral intensity. Webmasters of high-traffic sites were invited via email to participate in a web-based survey. The results support the application of moral intensity to the domain of privacy and the population of webmasters - both outcomes and social norms have statistically significant main effects on attitudes. The results also suggest a reconfiguration (...)
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  20.  26
    Neuroscience May Supersede Ethics and Law.Thomas R. Scott - 2012 - Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (3):433-437.
    Abstract Advances in technology now make it possible to monitor the activity of the human brain in action, however crudely. As this emerging science continues to offer correlations between neural activity and mental functions, mind and brain may eventually prove to be one. If so, such a full comprehension of the electrochemical bases of mind may render current concepts of ethics, law, and even free will irrelevant. Content Type Journal Article Category Original Paper Pages 1-5 DOI 10.1007/s11948-012-9351-1 Authors Thomas (...)
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  21.  89
    Supervenience, Determination, and Dependency.Thomas R. Grimes - 1991 - Philosophical Studies 62 (April):81-92.
  22.  13
    A Theory of Personalism.Thomas R. Rourke & Rosita A. Chazarreta Rourke - 2006 - Lexington Books.
    This distinctive and contemporary departure from hackneyed discussions of political theory introduces readers to a contemporary personalism rooted in the work of Bartolome de Las Casas and emerging again in the contributions of Dorothy Day, Peter Maurin as well as the liberation theology of Gustavo Guiterrez and Jon Sobrino. Thomas R. Rourke and Rosita A. Chazarreta Rourke introduce readers to new sources of personalism by investigating and revising the intellectual history of this theory and its development.
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  23. Sartre and Marxist Existentialism: The Test Case of Collective Responsibility.Thomas R. Flynn - 1987 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 21 (2):123-124.
     
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  24.  29
    Wisdom, Information and Wonder: What is Knowledge For?Thomas R. Foster - 1990 - Ethics 100 (4):902-903.
  25.  26
    Nishi Amane and Modern Japanese Thought.Thomas R. H. Havens - 1970 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    A nineteenth-century aristocrat, Nishi Amane (1829-1897) was one of the first Japanese to assert the supremacy of Western culture. He was sent by his government to Leiden to study the European social sciences; on his return to Japan shortly before the climactic Meiji Restoration of 1868 he introduced and adapted European utilitarianism and positivism to his country's intellectual world. To modernize, Nishi held, Japan must cast off the bonds of the Confucian world-view in order to adopt new principles of empirical (...)
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  26. Transformation Without Paternalism.Thomas R. Wells & John B. Davis - 2016 - Journal of Human Development and Capabilities 17 (3):360-376.
    Human development is meant to be transformational in that it aims to improve people's lives by enhancing their capabilities. But who does it target: people as they are or the people they will become? This paper argues that the human development approach relies on an understanding of personal identity as dynamic rather than as static collections of preferences, and that this distinguishes human development from conventional approaches to development. Nevertheless, this dynamic understanding of personal identity is presently poorly conceptualized and (...)
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  27. Reasoning About Development: Essays on Amartya Sen's Capability Approach.Thomas R. Wells - 2013 - Dissertation, Erasmus University Rotterdam
    Over the last 30 years the Indian philosopher-economist Amartya Sen has developed an original normative approach to the evaluation of individual and social well-being. The foundational concern of this ‘capability approach’ is the real freedom of individuals to achieve the kind of lives they have reason to value. This freedom is analysed in terms of an individual’s ‘capability’ to achieve combinations of such intrinsically valuable ‘beings and doings’ (‘functionings’) as being sufficiently nourished and freely expressing one’s political views. In this (...)
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  28. Foucault and the Eclipse of Vision.Thomas R. Flynn - 1993 - In David Kleinberg-Levin (ed.), Modernity and the Hegemony of Vision. The University of California Press. pp. 273--86.
     
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  29.  20
    Rule Following and Rule Use in the Balance-Scale Task.Thomas R. Shultz & Yoshio Takane - 2007 - Cognition 103 (3):460-472.
  30.  38
    The Promiscuity of Bootstrapping.Thomas R. Grimes - 1987 - Philosophical Studies 51 (1):101 - 107.
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  31.  53
    Angst and Care in the Early Heidegger: The Ontic/Ontologic Aporia.Thomas R. Flynn - 1980 - International Studies in Philosophy 12 (1):61-76.
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  32.  41
    Beauty Is Not All There Is to Aesthetics in Mathematics.R. S. D. Thomas - forthcoming - Philosophia Mathematica:nkw019.
    Aesthetics in philosophy of mathematics is too narrowly construed. Beauty is not the only feature in mathematics that is arguably aesthetic. While not the highest aesthetic value, being interesting is a sine qua non for publishability. Of the many ways to be interesting, being explanatory has recently been discussed. The motivational power of what is interesting is important for both directing research and stimulating education. The scientific satisfaction of curiosity and the artistic desire for beautiful results are complementary but both (...)
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  33.  11
    Effects of Context Change on Forgetting in Rats.Thomas R. Zentall - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (3):440.
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  34.  36
    Symposiums Papers: Foucault and the Politics of Postmodernity.Thomas R. Flynn - 1989 - Noûs 23 (2):187-198.
  35.  13
    Russell on Particularized Relations.Thomas R. Foster - 1983 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 3 (2):129.
  36. Sen's Capability Approach.Thomas R. Wells - 2012 - In J. Feiser & B. Dowden (eds.), Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    This article focuses on the philosophical aspects of the Capability Approach and its foundations in the work of Amartya Sen. It discusses the development and structure of Sen’s account, how it relates to other ethical approaches, and its main contributions and criticisms. It also outlines various capability theories developed within the Capability Approach, with particular attention to that of Martha Nussbaum.
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  37.  23
    Oxytocin and the Neurobiology of Attachment.Thomas R. Insel - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):515-516.
  38.  44
    Ethics Code Familiarity and Usefulness: Views on Idealist and Relativist Managers Under Varying Conditions of Turbulence. [REVIEW]Lawrence B. Chonko, Thomas R. Wotruba & Terry W. Loe - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 42 (3):237 - 252.
    The purpose of this present research is to expand upon the foundation that codes of ethics are more useful guides to managers in their behavior and decision-making when managers are more familiar with code content and intentions. We explore whether the impact of code familiarity on code usefulness differs: (a) under varying conditions of turbulence and (b) between persons with relativist versus idealist personal values. Data have been collected from a sample of 1700 executives in member companies of the U.S. (...)
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  39.  13
    Memory in the Pigeon: Retroactive Inhibition in a Delayed Matching Task.Thomas R. Zentall - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 1 (2):126-128.
  40.  7
    Stimulus Emphasis and All-or-None Learning in Concept Identification.Thomas R. Trabasso - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (4):398.
  41.  42
    Psychiatry Under Pressure: Reflections on Psychiatry’s Drift Towards a Reductionist Biomedical Conception of Mental Illness. [REVIEW]Thomas R. V. Nys & Maurits G. Nys - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (1):107-115.
    We argue that contemporary psychiatry adopts a defensive strategy vis-à-vis various external sources of pressure. We will identify two of these sources – the plea for individual autonomy and the idea of Managed Care – and explain how they have promoted a strict biomedical conception of disease. The demand for objectivity, however, does not take into account the complexity of mental illness. It ignores that the psychiatrist’s profession is essentially characterized by fragility: fluctuating between scientific reduction and the irreducible complexity (...)
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  42. Why is Ethnocentrism More Common Than Humanitarianism.Thomas R. Shultz, Max Hartshorn & Artem Kaznatcheev - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. pp. 2100--2105.
  43.  13
    An End to Authority: Epistemology and Politics in the Later Sartre. [REVIEW]Thomas R. Flynn - 1977 - Man and World 10 (4):448-465.
  44. Praxis and Vision: Elements of a Sartrean Epistemology.Thomas R. Flynn - 1976 - Philosophical Forum 8 (1):21.
  45. Review of Michael Sandel’s What Money Can’T Buy: The Moral Limits of Markets. [REVIEW]Thomas R. Wells - 2014 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 7 (1):138-149.
  46.  68
    Neural Networks Discover a Near-Identity Relation to Distinguish Simple Syntactic Forms.Thomas R. Shultz & Alan C. Bale - 2006 - Minds and Machines 16 (2):107-139.
    Computer simulations show that an unstructured neural-network model [Shultz, T. R., & Bale, A. C. (2001). Infancy, 2, 501–536] covers the essential features␣of infant learning of simple grammars in an artificial language [Marcus, G. F., Vijayan, S., Bandi Rao, S., & Vishton, P. M. (1999). Science, 283, 77–80], and generalizes to examples both outside and inside of the range of training sentences. Knowledge-representation analyses confirm that these networks discover that duplicate words in the sentences are nearly identical and that they (...)
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  47.  6
    Social Learning Mechanisms: Implications for a Cognitive Theory of Imitation.Thomas R. Zentall - 2011 - Interaction Studies: Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 12 (2):233-261.
  48.  67
    Meanings in Ordinary Language and in Mathematics.R. S. D. Thomas - 1991 - Philosophia Mathematica (1):3-38.
  49.  25
    Theoretical and Practical Reason in Economics: Capacities and Capabilities. [REVIEW]Thomas R. Wells - 2014 - Journal of Economic Methodology 21 (2):202-207.
    (2014). Theoretical and practical reason in economics: capacities and capabilities. Journal of Economic Methodology: Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 202-207. doi: 10.1080/1350178X.2014.910937.
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  50.  64
    Explanatory Understanding and Contrastive Facts.Thomas R. Grimes - 1993 - Philosophica 51.
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