Results for 'Thomas R. Weihrauch'

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  1.  51
    Placebo treatment is effective differently in different diseases — but is it also harmless? A brief synopsis.Thomas R. Weihrauch - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):151-155.
    The placebo drug reactions from controlled trials were studied for the first time systematically for efficacy and the safety in drug data pooled from randomized, placebo-controlled, multicentre studies. Results: The efficacy of placebo on clinical symptoms and outcome varied between the therapeutic indications. However, no placebo effects on laboratory values, as e.g. blood glucose or Hb1c in diabetics, were noted. The frequency and type of placebo-induced adverse reactions also varied between indication groups. The placebo side effect profile was largely similar (...)
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  2.  35
    Placebo treatment is effective differently in different diseases — but is it also harmless? A brief synopsis.Prof Dr Thomas R. Weihrauch - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):151-155.
    The placebo drug reactions from controlled trials were studied for the first time systematically for efficacy and the safety in drug data pooled from randomized, placebo-controlled, multicentre studies. Results: The efficacy of placebo on clinical symptoms and outcome varied between the therapeutic indications. However, no placebo effects on laboratory values, as e.g. blood glucose or Hb1c in diabetics, were noted. The frequency and type of placebo-induced adverse reactions also varied between indication groups. The placebo side effect profile was largely similar (...)
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  3.  76
    Sartre and Marxist existentialism: the test case of collective responsibility.Thomas R. Flynn - 1984 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    In this important book, Thomas R. Flynn reinterprets and evaluates Sartre's social and political philosophy, arguing that the existential ethics of Sartre's ...
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  4. Organism-environment mutuality epistemics, and the concept of an ecological niche.Thomas R. Alley - 1985 - Synthese 65 (3):411 - 444.
    The concept of an ecological niche (econiche) has been used in a variety of ways, some of which are incompatible with a relational or functional interpretation of the term. This essay seeks to standardize usage by limiting the concept to functional relations between organisms and their surroundings, and to revise the concept to include epistemic relations. For most organisms, epistemics are a vital aspect of their functional relationships to their surroundings and, hence, a major determinant of their econiche. Rejecting the (...)
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  5. Gramsci and the Theory of Hegemony.Thomas R. Bates - 1975 - Journal of the History of Ideas 36 (2):351.
  6. Lyotard and history without witnesses.Thomas R. Flynn - 2002 - In Hugh J. Silverman (ed.), Lyotard: philosophy, politics, and the sublime. New York: Routledge. pp. 8--151.
     
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  7. Existentialism.Thomas R. Flynn - 2009 - New York, NY: Sterling.
    Philosophy as a way of life -- Becoming an individual -- Humanism : for and against -- Authenticity -- A chastened individualism? Existentialism and social thought -- Existentialism in the twenty-first century.
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  8.  85
    Competition theory, evolution, and the concept of an ecological niche.Thomas R. Alley - 1982 - Acta Biotheoretica 31 (3):165-179.
    This article examines some of the main tenets of competition theory in light of the theory of evolution and the concept of an ecological niche. The principle of competitive exclusion and the related assumption that communities exist at competitive equilibrium - fundamental parts of many competition theories and models - may be violated if non-equilibrium conditions exist in natural communities or are incorporated into competition models. Furthermore, these two basic tenets of competition theory are not compatible with the theory of (...)
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  9.  26
    Medical Humanities: An Introduction.Thomas R. Cole, Nathan S. Carlin & Ronald A. Carson - 2014 - New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. Edited by Nathan Carlin & Ronald A. Carson.
    This textbook brings the humanities to students in order to evoke the humanity of students. It helps to form individuals who take charge of their own minds, who are free from narrow and unreflective forms of thought, and who act compassionately in their public and professional worlds. Using concepts and methods of the humanities, the book addresses undergraduate and premed students, medical students, and students in other health professions, as well as physicians and other healthcare practitioners. It encourages them to (...)
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  10.  28
    Dynamic models of behavior: Promising but risky.Thomas R. Alley - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):94-94.
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  11.  22
    Perceived age, physical attractiveness and sex differences in preferred mates' ages.Thomas R. Alley - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (1):92-92.
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  12.  25
    Courtship Feeding in Humans?Thomas R. Alley, Lauren W. Brubaker & Olivia M. Fox - 2013 - Human Nature 24 (4):430-443.
    Food sharing may be used for mate attraction, sexual access, or mate retention in humans, as in many other species. Adult humans tend to perceive more intimacy in a couple if feeding is observed, but the increased perceived intimacy may be due to resource provisioning rather than feeding per se. To address this issue, 210 university students (66 male) watched five short videos, each showing a different mixed-sex pair of adults dining together and including feeding or simple provisioning or no (...)
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  13.  28
    Principles of learning and the ecological style of inquiry.Thomas R. Alley & Robert E. Shaw - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (1):139-141.
  14.  9
    Variation in optimal human mating strategies: Effects of individual differences in competence and self-regulatory mechanisms.Thomas R. Alley - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):587-588.
    Several suggestions are made for revision of Strategic Pluralism Theory (SPT). One revision requires recognition of the impact of individual differences in cognitive and behavioral competence on optimal mating strategy. In addition, SPT may need to incorporate certain self-regulatory processes such as the impact of widespread valuation of mates with one trait on their availability.
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  15. Hinweise zu den Autorinnen und Autoren.Thomas R. Baldwin - 2004 - In Christoph Halbig, Michael Quante & Ludwig Siep (eds.), Hegels Erbe. Suhrkamp. pp. 431.
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  16.  21
    Effects of context change on forgetting in rats.Thomas R. Zentall - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (3):440.
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  17. Thomas Gilby, O. P. , "Principles of Morality", Vol. 18 "Summa Theologiae". [REVIEW]Thomas R. Heath - 1967 - The Thomist 31 (2):256.
     
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  18. Paternalism in public health care.Thomas R. V. Nys - 2008 - Public Health Ethics 1 (1):64-72.
    University of Utrecht, Department of Philosophy, Heidelberglaan 6, 3584 CS Utrecht, The Netherlands. Tel.: +31 30 253 28 74, Email: Thomas.Nys{at}phil.uu.nl ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//-->Measures in public health care seem vulnerable to charges of paternalism: their aim is to protect, restore, or promote people's health, but the public character of these measures seems to leave insufficient room for respect for individual autonomy. This paper wants to explore three challenges to these charges: Measures in (...)
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  19.  5
    Spirituality and.Thomas R. Cole - 2002 - In Lars Andersson (ed.), Cultural Gerontology. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 25.
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  20.  13
    The myth of supervenience.Thomas R. Grimes - 1988 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 69 (June):152-60.
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  21.  17
    Sartre, Foucault, and historical reason.Thomas R. Flynn - 1997 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Sartre and Foucault were two of the most prominent and at times mutually antagonistic philosophical figures of the twentieth century. And nowhere are the antithetical natures of their existentialist and poststructuralist philosophies more apparent than in their disparate approaches to historical understanding. A history, thought Foucault, should be a kind of map, a comparative charting of structural transformations and displacements. But for Sartre, authentic historical understanding demanded a much more personal and committed narrative, a kind of interpretive diary of moral (...)
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  22.  63
    The impact of ethics code familiarity on manager behavior.Thomas R. Wotruba, Lawrence B. Chonko & Terry W. Loe - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 33 (1):59 - 69.
    Codes of ethics exist in many, if not the majority, of all large U.S. companies today. But how the impact of these written codes affect managerial attitudes and behavior is still not clearly documented or explained. This study takes a step in that direction by proposing that attention should shift from the codes themselves as the sources of ethical behavior to the persons whose behavior is the focus of these codes. In particular, this study investigates the role of code familiarity (...)
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  23.  26
    Cognitive dissonance reduction as constraint satisfaction.Thomas R. Shultz & Mark R. Lepper - 1996 - Psychological Review 103 (2):219-240.
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  24.  13
    Agriculture and modern technology: a defense.Thomas R. DeGregori - 2001 - Ames: Iowa State University Press.
    In this thought provoking work Thomas DeGregori presents the uncommon premise that technology is a human endeavour and a positive force that defines our humanity. Examining a number of revolutionary technological advances in this century, especially those in the agricultural areas, the author debunks common conventional wisdom that would dictate otherwise. For instance, the use of chemicals, including DDT and other pesticides, id often maligned as damaging the environment and the quality of life. Dr DeGregori counters this argument with (...)
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  25.  19
    Memory in the pigeon: Retroactive inhibition in a delayed matching task.Thomas R. Zentall - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 1 (2):126-128.
  26.  14
    The 'Enlightened' View of Aging: Victorian Morality in a New Key.Thomas R. Cole - 1983 - Hastings Center Report 13 (3):34-40.
  27.  15
    Science, Technology, and Development. Atul Wad.Thomas R. DeGregori - 1990 - Isis 81 (2):389-390.
  28. Sartre: A Philosophical Biography.Thomas R. Flynn - 2014 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Jean-Paul Sartre was one of the most influential thinkers of the twentieth century. Regarded as the father of existentialist philosophy, he was also a political critic, moralist, playwright, novelist, and author of biographies and short stories. Thomas R. Flynn provides the first book-length account of Sartre as a philosopher of the imaginary, mapping the intellectual development of his ideas throughout his life, and building a narrative that is not only philosophical but also attentive to the political and literary dimensions (...)
     
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  29.  15
    Sartre, Foucault, and Historical Reason, Volume Two: A Poststructuralist Mapping of History.Thomas R. Flynn - 2005 - University of Chicago Press.
    Sartre and Foucault were two of the most prominent and at times mutually antagonistic philosophical figures of the twentieth century. And nowhere are the antithetical natures of their existentialist and poststructuralist philosophies more apparent than in their disparate approaches to historical understanding. In Volume One of this authoritative two-volume study, Thomas R. Flynn conducted a pivotal and comprehensive reconstruction of Sartrean historical theory. This long-awaited second volume offers a comprehensive and critical reading of the Foucauldian counterpoint. A history, theorized (...)
  30.  20
    Abstract codes are not just for chimpanzees.Thomas R. Zentall - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (1):157-158.
  31.  25
    A multichannel information-processing system is simpler and more easily tested.Thomas R. Zentall - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (5):646-646.
    The dance metaphor for the communication between two organisms may be an appealing image because it appears to capture the intricate synchronization of their interaction; however, it is neither parsimonious nor easily tested. Instead, a multichannel information-processing model, even one that can process only serial events, provides all of the flexibility required to account for the complex temporal coordinated action observed.
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  32.  21
    A potentially testable mechanism to account for altruistic behavior.Thomas R. Zentall - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):282-282.
    It is assumed that self-control always has a higher value. What if it does not? Furthermore, although there are clearly intrinsic reinforcers, their measurement is problematic, especially for a behavioral analyst. Finally, is it more parsimonious to postulate that these behaviors are acquired rather than genetically based?
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  33.  3
    Biases and suboptimal choice by animals suggest that framing effects may be ubiquitous.Thomas R. Zentall - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45:e246.
    Framing effects attributed to “quasi-cyclical” irrational complex human preferences are ubiquitous biases resulting from simpler mechanisms that can be found in other animals. Examples of such framing effects vary from simple learning contexts, to an analog of human gambling behavior, to the value added to a reinforcer by the effort that went into obtaining it.
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  34.  18
    “Bouncing back” from a loss: A statistical artifact.Thomas R. Zentall - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (5):384-386.
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  35.  44
    Evidence both for and against metacognition is insufficient.Thomas R. Zentall - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):357-358.
    The authors' attempt to explore the ability of animals to monitor how certain they are of their choice behavior, necessarily fails both in their effort to include “higher” mammals (such as monkeys and dolphins) in the class of metacognitive organisms (humans) and in their conclusion that “lower” organisms are not capable of similar behavior.
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  36.  22
    Insufficient support for either response “priming” or “program-level imitation”.Thomas R. Zentall - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):708-709.
    Byrne & Russon propose that priming can account for the imitation of simple actions, but they fail to explain how the behavior of another can prime the observer's own behavior. They also propose that imitation of complex skills requires a sequence of acts tied together by a program, but they fail to rule out the role of trial-and-error learning and perceptual/motivational mechanisms in such task acquisition.
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  37.  19
    In support of cognitive theories.Thomas R. Zentall - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):654.
  38.  7
    Is there a need to distinguish instrumental copying behavior from traditions?Thomas R. Zentall - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45:e274.
    The authors make a distinction between instrumental copying behavior in which there is a clear reward for the copying behavior and social copying (traditions) in which the rewards for copying are less clear. However, I see no reason to distinguish between the two. We are social animals, for whom copying traditions have important rewards, those of affiliation.
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  39.  16
    Memory in the pigeon: Proactive inhibition in a delayed matching task.Thomas R. Zentall & David E. Hogan - 1974 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 4 (2):109-112.
  40.  6
    Macphail (1987) Revisited: Pigeons Have Much Cognitive Behavior in Common With Humans.Thomas R. Zentall - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    The hypothesis proposed by Macphail is that differences in intelligent behavior thought to distinguish different species were likely attributed to differences in the context of the tasks being used. Once one corrects for differences in sensory input, motor output, and incentive, it is likely that all vertebrate animals have comparable intellectual abilities. In the present article I suggest a number of tests of this hypothesis with pigeons. In each case, the evidence suggests that either there is evidence for the cognitive (...)
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  41.  65
    Social learning mechanisms: Implications for a cognitive theory of imitation.Thomas R. Zentall - 2011 - Interaction Studies 12 (2):233-261.
    Social influence and social learning are important to the survival of many organisms, and certain forms of social learning also may have important implications for their underlying cognitive processes. The various forms of social influence and learning are discussed with special emphasis on the mechanisms that may be responsible for opaque imitation (the copying of a response that the observer cannot easily see when it produces the response). Three procedures are examined, the results of which may qualify as opaque imitation: (...)
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  42.  15
    Social learning mechanisms: Implications for a cognitive theory of imitation.Thomas R. Zentall - 2011 - Interaction Studies 12 (2):233-261.
  43.  10
    Social learning mechanisms.Thomas R. Zentall - 2011 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 12 (2):233-261.
    Social influence and social learning are important to the survival of many organisms, and certain forms of social learning also may have important implications for their underlying cognitive processes. The various forms of social influence and learning are discussed with special emphasis on the mechanisms that may be responsible for opaque imitation. Three procedures are examined, the results of which may qualify as opaque imitation: the bidirectional control procedure, the two- action procedure, and the do-as-I-do procedure. Variables that appear to (...)
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  44.  34
    The assessment of intentionality in animals.Thomas R. Zentall - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (4):663-663.
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  45.  21
    The cost of an interrupted response pattern.Thomas R. Zentall - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (1):147-148.
  46.  22
    The heuristic value of representation.Thomas R. Zentall - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (3):393-394.
  47.  18
    What can we learn from the absence of evidence?Thomas R. Zentall - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):133-134.
    Heyes discounts findings of imitation and self recognition in nonhuman primates based on flimsy speculation and then indicates that even positive findings would not provide evidence of theory of mind. Her proposed experiment is unlikely to work, however, because, even if the animals have a theory of mind, a number of assumptions, not directly related to theory of mind, must be made about their reasoning ability.
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  48.  25
    What to do about peer review: Is the cure worse than the disease?Thomas R. Zentall - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):166-167.
  49. Christian Duquoc, O. P., "Spirituality in the Secular City". [REVIEW]Thomas R. Heath - 1967 - The Thomist 31 (3):373.
     
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  50. Daniel Berrigan, S.J., "They Call Us Dead Men". [REVIEW]Thomas R. Heath - 1966 - The Thomist 30 (3):300.
     
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