70 found
Order:
See also
Thomas A. C. Reydon
Universität Hannover
  1. Scientific Kinds.Marc Ereshefsky & Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (4):969-986.
    Richard Boyd’s Homeostatic Property Cluster Theory is becoming the received view of natural kinds in the philosophy of science. However, a problem with HPC Theory is that it neglects many kinds highlighted by scientific classifications while at the same time endorsing kinds rejected by science. In other words, there is a mismatch between HPC kinds and the kinds of science. An adequate account of natural kinds should accurately track the classifications of successful science. We offer an alternative account of natural (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   53 citations  
  2. How to Fix Kind Membership: A Problem for Hpc Theory and a Solution.Thomas Reydon - 2009 - Philosophy of Science 76 (5):724-736.
    Natural kinds are often contrasted with other kinds of scientific kinds, especially functional kinds, because of a presumed categorical difference in explanatory value: supposedly, natural kinds can ground explanations, while other kinds of kinds cannot. I argue against this view of natural kinds by examining a particular type of explanation—mechanistic explanation—and showing that functional kinds do the same work there as traditionally recognized natural kinds are supposed to do in “standard” scientific explanations. Breaking down this categorical distinction between traditional natural (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  3.  49
    How-Possibly Explanations as Genuine Explanations and Helpful Heuristics: A Comment on Forber.Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (1):302-310.
  4.  73
    Natural Kinds in Philosophy and in the Life Sciences: Scholastic Twilight or New Dawn? [REVIEW]Miles MacLeod & Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2013 - Biological Theory 7 (2):89-99.
    This article, which is intended both as a position paper in the philosophical debate on natural kinds and as the guest editorial to this thematic issue, takes up the challenge posed by Ian Hacking in his paper, “Natural Kinds: Rosy Dawn, Scholastic Twilight.” Whereas a straightforward interpretation of that paper suggests that according to Hacking the concept of natural kinds should be abandoned, both in the philosophy of science and in philosophy more generally, we suggest that an alternative and less (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  5.  39
    Artefact Kinds: Ontology and the Human-Made World.Maarten Franssen, Peter Kroes, Pieter Vermaas & Thomas A. C. Reydon (eds.) - 2013 - Synthese Library.
    One way to address such questions about artifact kinds is to look for clues in the available literature on parallel questions that have been posed with respect to kinds in the natural domain. Philosophers have long been concerned with the ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  6.  68
    On the Nature of the Species Problem and the Four Meanings of 'Species'.Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (1):135-158.
    Present-day thought on the notion of species is troubled by a mistaken understanding of the nature of the issue: while the species problem is commonly understood as concerning the epistemology and ontology of one single scientific concept, I argue that in fact there are multiple distinct concepts at stake. An approach to the species problem is presented that interprets the term ‘species’ as the placeholder for four distinct scientific concepts, each having its own role in biological theory, and an explanation (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  7.  54
    Generalizations and Kinds in Natural Science: The Case of Species.Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 37 (2):230-255.
    Species in biology are traditionally perceived as kinds of organisms about which explanatory and predictive generalizations can be made, and biologists commonly use species in this manner. This perception of species is, however, in stark contrast with the currently accepted view that species are not kinds or classes at all, but individuals. In this paper I investigate the conditions under which the two views of species might be held simultaneously. Specifically, I ask whether upon acceptance of an ontology of species (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  8.  20
    Searching for Darwinism in Generalized Darwinism.Thomas A. C. Reydon & Markus Scholz - 2015 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 66 (3):561-589.
    While evolutionary thinking is increasingly becoming popular in fields of investigation outside the biological sciences, it remains unclear how helpful it is there and whether it actually yields good explanations of the phenomena under study. Here we examine the ontology of a recent approach to applying evolutionary thinking outside biology, the generalized Darwinism approach proposed by Geoffrey Hodgson and Thorbjørn Knudsen. We examine the ontology of populations in biology and in GD, and argue that biological evolutionary theory sets ontological criteria (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  9.  31
    On the Nature of the Species Problem and the Four Meanings of ‘Species’.Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (1):135-158.
  10.  14
    How to Fix Kind Membership: A Problem for HPC Theory and a Solution.Thomas Reydon - 2009 - Philosophy of Science 76 (5):724-736.
    Natural kinds are often contrasted with other kinds of scientific kinds, especially functional kinds, because of a presumed categorical difference in explanatory value: supposedly, natural kinds can ground explanations, while other kinds of kinds cannot. I argue against this view of natural kinds by examining a particular type of explanation—mechanistic explanation—and showing that functional kinds do the same work there as traditionally recognized natural kinds are supposed to do in “standard” scientific explanations. Breaking down this categorical distinction between traditional natural (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  11. Species in Three and Four Dimensions.Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2008 - Synthese 164 (2):161-184.
    There is an interesting parallel between two debates in different domains of contemporary analytic philosophy. One is the endurantism– perdurantism, or three-dimensionalism vs. four-dimensionalism, debate in analytic metaphysics. The other is the debate on the species problem in philosophy of biology. In this paper I attempt to cross-fertilize these debates with the aim of exploiting some of the potential that the two debates have to advance each other. I address two issues. First, I explore what the case of species implies (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  12.  57
    Why Organizational Ecology is Not a Darwinian Research Program.Thomas A. C. Reydon & Markus Scholz - 2009 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (3):408-439.
    Organizational ecology is commonly seen as a Darwinian research program that seeks to explain the diversity of organizational structures, properties and behaviors as the product of selection in past social environments in a similar manner as evolutionary biology seeks to explain the forms, properties and behaviors of organisms as consequences of selection in past natural environments. We argue that this explanatory strategy does not succeed because organizational ecology theory lacks an evolutionary mechanism that could be identified as the principal cause (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  13. Darwinism and Organizational Ecology: A Case of Incompleteness or Incompatibility?Thomas Reydon - 2014 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 44 (3):365-374.
    Recently, Dollimore criticized our claim that Organizational Ecology is not a Darwinian research program. She argued that Organizational Ecology is merely an incomplete Darwinian program and provided a suggestion as to how this incompleteness could be remedied. Here, we argue that Dollimore’s suggestion fails to remedy the principal problem that Organizational Ecology faces and that there are good reasons to think of the program as deeply incompatible with Darwinian thinking.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  14.  56
    Gene Names as Proper Names of Individuals: An Assessment.Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2009 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (2):409-432.
    According to a recent suggestion, the names of gene taxa should be conceived of as referring to individuals with concrete genes as their parts, just as the names of biological species are often understood as denoting individuals with organisms as their parts. Although prima facie this suggestion might advance the debate on gene concepts in a similar way as the species-are-individuals thesis advanced the debate on species concepts, I argue that the principal arguments in support of the gene-individuality thesis are (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  15.  70
    Do the Life Sciences Need Natural Kinds?Thomas A. Reydon - 2009 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 9 (2):167-190.
    Natural kinds have been a constant topic in philosophy throughout its history, but many issues pertaining to natural kinds still remain unresolved. This paper considers one of these issues: the epistemic role of natural kinds in scientific investigation. I begin by clarifying what is at stake for an individual scientific field when asking whether or not the field studies a natural kind. I use an example from life science, concerning how biologists explain the similar body shapes of fish and cetaceans, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  16.  6
    Generalizations and Kinds in Natural Science: The Case of Species.Thomas A. Reydon - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 37 (2):230-255.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  17.  6
    Integrating Philosophy of Science Into Research on Ethical, Legal and Social Issues in the Life Sciences.Simon Lohse, Martin S. Wasmer & Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2020 - Perspectives on Science 28 (6):700-736.
    This paper argues that research on normative issues in the life sciences will benefit from a tighter integration of philosophy of science. We examine research on ethical, legal and social issues in the life sciences and discuss three illustrative examples of normative issues that arise in different areas of the life sciences. These examples show that important normative questions are highly dependent on epistemic issues which so far have not been addressed sufficiently in ELSI, RRI and related areas of research. (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  18.  14
    Editorial: Fifty Years Journal for General Philosophy of Science.Claus Beisbart, Helmut Pulte & Thomas Reydon - 2019 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 50 (1):1-8.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  19.  11
    Taxa hold little information about organisms: Some inferential problems in biological systematics.Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2019 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 41 (4):40.
    The taxa that appear in biological classifications are commonly seen as representing information about the traits of their member organisms. This paper examines in what way taxa feature in the storage and retrieval of such information. I will argue that taxa do not actually store much information about the traits of their member organisms. Rather, I want to suggest, taxa should be understood as functioning to localize organisms in the genealogical network of life on Earth. Taxa store information about where (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  20.  43
    Discussion: Species Are Individuals—or Are They?Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (1):49-56.
    Recently Coleman and Wiley presented a new defense of the species-are-individuals thesis, based on an analysis of the use of binomial species names by biologists. Here I point out some problems in their defense and I argue that although in some domains of biological science species are best understood as individuals, Coleman and Wiley fail to establish that this is true for the whole of biology.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  21.  10
    Classifying Life, Reconstructing History and Teaching Diversity: Philosophical Issues in the Teaching of Biological Systematics and Biodiversity.Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2013 - Science & Education 22 (2):189-220.
  22.  6
    A Conceptual Analysis of Evolutionary Theory for Teacher Education.Esther M. van Dijk & Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2010 - Science & Education 19 (6-8):655-677.
  23.  11
    Why Does the Species Problem Still Persist?Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2004 - Bioessays 26 (3):300-305.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  24.  3
    Taxa hold little information about organisms: Some inferential problems in biological systematics.Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2019 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 41 (4):40.
    The taxa that appear in biological classifications are commonly seen as representing information about the traits of their member organisms. This paper examines in what way taxa feature in the storage and retrieval of such information. I will argue that taxa do not actually store much information about the traits of their member organisms. Rather, I want to suggest, taxa should be understood as functioning to localize organisms in the genealogical network of life on Earth. Taxa store information about where (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  25. Discussion: Kuhn’s Evolutionary Analogy in The Structure of Scientific Revolutions and “The Road Since Structure”.Thomas A. C. Reydon & Paul Hoyningen‐Huene - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (3):468-476.
    Recently, Barbara Renzi argued that Kuhn's account of scientific change is undermined by mismatches in the analogy that Kuhn supposedly draws between scientific change and biological evolution. We argue that Renzi's criticism is inadequate to Kuhn's account of scientific change, as Kuhn does not draw any precise analogy between the mechanisms of scientific change and biological evolution nor aims to argue that the mechanisms of scientific change and biological evolution are similar in any important respects. Therefore, pointing to mismatches between (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  26.  20
    Species and Kinds: A Critique of Rieppel’s “One of a Kind” Account of Species.Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2009 - Cladistics 25 (6):660-667.
    A major issue in philosophical debates on the species problem concerns the opposition between two seemingly incompatible views of the metaphysics of species: the view that species are individuals and the view that species are natural kinds. In two recent papers in this journal, Olivier Rieppel suggested that this opposition is much less deep than it seems at first sight. Rieppel used a recently developed philosophical account of natural kindhood, namely Richard Boyd’s “homeostatic property cluster” theory, to argue that every (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  27.  12
    Genetics and Society—Educating Scientifically Literate Citizens: Introduction to the Thematic Issue.Kostas Kampourakis, Thomas A. C. Reydon, George P. Patrinos & Bruno J. Strasser - 2014 - Science & Education 23 (2):251-258.
  28.  30
    Organizational Ecology: No Darwinian Evolution After All. A Rejoinder to Lemos.Markus Scholz & Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2010 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 40 (3):504-512.
    In a recent article we argued that organizational ecology is not a Darwinian research program. John Lemos criticized our argumentation on various counts. Here we reply to some of Lemos’s criticisms.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  29.  50
    Why the (Gene) Counting Argument Fails in the Massive Modularity Debate: The Need for Understanding Gene Concepts and Genotype-Phenotype Relationships.Kathryn S. Plaisance, Thomas A. C. Reydon & Mehmet Elgin - 2012 - Philosophical Psychology 25 (6):873-892.
    A number of debates in philosophy of biology and psychology, as well as in their respective sciences, hinge on particular views about the relationship between genotypes and phenotypes. One such view is that the genotype-phenotype relationship is relatively straightforward, in the sense that a genome contains the ?genes for? the various traits that an organism exhibits. This leads to the assumption that if a particular set of traits is posited to be present in an organism, there must be a corresponding (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  30.  7
    Discussion: Kuhn’s Evolutionary Analogy in The Structure of Scientific Revolutions and “The Road Since Structure”.Thomas Reydon & Paul Hoyningen-Heune - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (3):468-476.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  31.  51
    The Population Ecology Programme in Organisation Studies: Problems Caused by Unwarranted Theory Transfer.Markus Scholz & Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2008 - Philosophy of Management 6 (3):39-51.
    Economics and social sciences in general have a long tradition of using theories, models, concepts, and so forth borrowed from the natural sciences to describe and explain the properties and behaviours of economic and social entities. However, unwarranted application of theoretical elements from the natural sciences in the economic/social domain can have adverse consequences for organisations, their employees and society in general. Focusing on biology and organisation studies, we discuss the general problems that may arise when theoretical elements from natural (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  32.  51
    Natural Kinds No Longer Are What They Never Were: Muhammad Ali Khalidi: Natural Categories and Human Kinds: Classification in the Natural and Social Sciences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013, Xvi+250pp, £55.00 HB.Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2015 - Metascience 24 (2):259-264.
    The more one reads about the topic of natural kinds, the more one is reminded of that famous scene in The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy in which Deep Thought—after a mere 7.5 million years of doing calculations—reveals that the answer to the Ultimate Question of Life, the Universe and Everything was 42. Faced with bewildered reactions from the eager audience, Deep Thought explains: “I think the problem, to be quite honest with you, is that you’ve never actually known what (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  33. Philosophy of Technology.Thomas Ac Reydon - 2012 - In J. Feiser & B. Dowden (eds.), Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  34.  39
    MATTHEW H. SLATER Are Species Real? An Essay on the Metaphysics of Species.Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2015 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 66 (4):1029-1033.
  35.  28
    Symposium Issue: Philosophy of Biology in Flanders and the Netherlands.Sabina Leonelli & Thomas Reydon - 2005 - Acta Biotheoretica 53 (2):55-56.
  36.  24
    Current Themes in Theoretical Biology : A Dutch Perspective.Thomas Reydon & Lia Hemerik (eds.) - 2005 - Springer.
    This book originated as a Festschrift to mark the publication of Volume 50 of the journal `Acta Biotheoretica' in 2002 and the journal's 70th anniversary in ...
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  37. Philosophie der Lebenswissenschaften.Susanne Bauer, Lara Huber, Marie I. Kaiser, Lara Keuck, Ulrich Krohs, Maria Kronfeldner, Peter McLaughlin, Kären Nickelson, Thomas Reydon, Neil Roughley, Christian Sachse, Marianne Schark, Georg Toepfer, Marcel Weber & Markus Wild - 2013 - Information Philosophie 4:14-27.
    This paper summarizes (in German) recent tendencies in the philosophy of the life sciences.
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  5
    Grete Henry-Hermann.Claus Beisbart, Helmut Pulte & Thomas Reydon - 2020 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 51 (4):511-511.
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  24
    Editorial: A New Turn in the Study of the Origin of Life.Rob Hengeveld & Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2007 - Acta Biotheoretica 55 (2):95-96.
    This paper compares two approaches that attempt to explain the origin of life, or biogenesis. The more established approach is one based on chemical principles, whereas a new, yet not widely known approach begins from a physical perspective. According to the first approach, life would have begun with—often organic—compounds. After having developed to a certain level of complexity and mutual dependence within a non-compartmentalised organic soup, they would have assembled into a functioning cell. In contrast, the second, physical type of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. 10. Simulated Experiments: Methodology for a Virtual World Simulated Experiments: Methodology for a Virtual World (Pp. 105-125). [REVIEW]Noretta Koertge, Janet A. Kourany, Ronald N. Giere, Peter Gildenhuys, Thomas A. C. Reydon, Stéphanie Ruphy, Samir Okasha, Jaakko Hintikka & John Symons - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (1).
  41. Grundriss Wissenschaftsphilosophie. Die Philosophien der Einzelwissenschaften.Simon Lohse & Thomas A. C. Reydon (eds.) - 2017 - Meiner.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  42. Philosophy of Behavioural Psychology: Boston Studies in Philosophy of Science.Katie Plaisance & Thomas Reydon (eds.) - 2012 - Springer Press.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  43.  30
    Philosophy of Behavioral Biology.Kathryn S. Plaisance & Thomas A. C. Reydon (eds.) - 2011 - Springer.
    This volume provides a broad overview of issues in the philosophy of behavioral biology, covering four main themes: genetic, developmental, evolutionary, and neurobiological explanations of behavior. It is both interdisciplinary and empirically informed in its approach, addressing philosophical issues that arise from recent scientific findings in biological research on human and non-human animal behavior. Accordingly, it includes papers by professional philosophers and philosophers of science, as well as practicing scientists. Much of the work in this volume builds on presentations given (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  31
    Bridging the Gap Between History and Philosophy of Biology.Thomas A. C. E. Reydon - 2005 - Metascience 14 (2):249-253.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. Darwins moordbekentenis. [REVIEW]Thomas Reydon - 2003 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 1.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  8
    De moeizame verhouding van filosofie en ICT: een verslag van de 22e Nederlands-Vlaamse filosofiedag Leiden, 28 oktober 2000. [REVIEW]Thomas Reydon & Koen Vermeir - 2001 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 93 (2):146-149.
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  43
    David N. Stamos (2003). The Species Problem: Biological Species, Ontology, and the Metaphysics of Biology.Thomas Reydon - 2004 - Acta Biotheoretica 52 (3):229-232.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. Der Universale Leibniz: Denker, Forscher, Erfinder.Thomas A. C. Reydon, Helmut Heit & Paul Hoyningen-Huene (eds.) - 2009 - Steiner.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  10
    Evolution as Natural History: A Philosophical Analysis. [REVIEW]Thomas Reydon - 2001 - Acta Biotheoretica 49 (3):203-206.
  50. Eva Jablonka and Marion J. Lamb, Evolution in Four Dimensions: Genetic, Epigenetic, Behavioral, and Symbolic Variation in the History of Life Reviewed By.Thomas Ac Reydon - 2006 - Philosophy in Review 26 (3):191-194.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 70