Results for 'Thomas S��ren Hoffmann'

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  1.  29
    Big Data and Health Research—The Governance Challenges in a Mixed Data Economy.Søren Holm & Thomas Ploug - 2017 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 14 (4):515-525.
    Denmark is a society that has already moved towards Big Data and a Learning Health Care System. Data from routine healthcare has been registered centrally for years, there is a nationwide tissue bank, and there are numerous other available registries about education, employment, housing, pollution, etcetera. This has allowed Danish researchers to study the link between exposures, genetics and diseases in a large population. This use of public registries for scientific research has been relatively uncontroversial and has been supported by (...)
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  2.  28
    “Nudging” and Informed Consent Revisited: Why “Nudging” Fails in the Clinical Context.Søren Holm & Thomas Ploug - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (6):29 - 31.
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  3.  19
    The Right to Refuse Diagnostics and Treatment Planning by Artificial Intelligence.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (1):107-114.
    In an analysis of artificially intelligent systems for medical diagnostics and treatment planning we argue that patients should be able to exercise a right to withdraw from AI diagnostics and treatment planning for reasons related to the physician’s role in the patients’ formation of and acting on personal preferences and values, the bias and opacity problem of AI systems, and rational concerns about the future societal effects of introducing AI systems in the health care sector.
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  4.  50
    Doctors, Patients, and Nudging in the Clinical Context—Four Views on Nudging and Informed Consent.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (10):28-38.
    In an analysis of recent work on nudging we distinguish three positions on the relationship between nudging founded in libertarian paternalism and the protection of personal autonomy through informed consent. We argue that all three positions fail to provide adequate protection of personal autonomy in the clinical context. Acknowledging that nudging may be beneficial, we suggest a fourth position according to which nudging and informed consent are valuable in different domains of interaction.
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  5.  40
    Meta Consent – A Flexible Solution to the Problem of Secondary Use of Health Data.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (9):721-732.
    In this article we provide an in-depth description of a new model of informed consent called ‘meta consent’ and consider its practical implementation. We explore justifications for preferring meta consent over alternative models of consent as a solution to the problem of secondary use of health data for research. We finally argue that meta consent strikes an appropriate balance between enabling valuable research and protecting the individual.
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  6.  11
    Patient Choice and Preventive Genomic Sequencing—More Trouble Upstream.Søren Holm & Thomas Ploug - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (7):24-26.
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  7.  46
    Poverty Relief: Philanthropy Versus Changing the System: A Critical Discussion of Some Objections to the 'Singer Solution'.Søren Sofus Wichmann & Thomas Søbirk Petersen - 2013 - Journal of Global Ethics 9 (1):1-9.
    The aim of this paper is to present and evaluate a specific critical discussion of Peter Singer's view on philanthropy. This critique of Singer's position takes several forms, and here we focus on only two of these. First of all, it is claimed that philanthropy (based upon the giving up of luxury goods) should be avoided, because it harms the poor. As we shall see this is a view defended by Andrew Kuper. However, philanthropy is also accused of harming the (...)
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  8.  14
    Eliciting Meta Consent for Future Secondary Research Use of Health Data Using a Smartphone Application - a Proof of Concept Study in the Danish Population.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):51.
    The increased use of information technology in every day health care creates vast amounts of stored health data that can be used for research. The secondary research use of routinely collected data raises questions about appropriate consent mechanisms for such use. One option is meta consent where individuals state their own consent preferences in relation to future use of their data, e.g. whether they want the data to be accessible to researchers under conditions of specific consent, broad consent, blanket consent (...)
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  9.  9
    Going Beyond the False Dichotomy of Broad or Specific Consent: A Meta-Perspective on Participant Choice in Research Using Human Tissue.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (9):44-46.
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  10.  19
    Conflict of Interest Disclosure and the Polarisation of Scientific Communities.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (4):356-358.
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  11.  6
    Agreeing in Ignorance: Mapping the Routinisation of Consent in ICT-Services.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (4):1097-1110.
    Many ICT services require that users explicitly consent to conditions of use and policies for the protection of personal information. This consent may become ‘routinised’. We define the concept of routinisation and investigate to what extent routinisation occurs as well as the factors influencing routinisation in a survey study of internet use. We show that routinisation is common and that it is influenced by factors including gender, age, educational level and average daily internet use. We further explore the reasons users (...)
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  12.  54
    Informed Consent and Registry-Based Research - the Case of the Danish Circumcision Registry.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):53.
    Research into personal health data holds great potential not only for improved treatment but also for economic growth. In these years many countries are developing policies aimed at facilitating such research often under the banner of ‘big data’. A central point of debate is whether the secondary use of health data requires informed consent if the data is anonymised. In 2013 the Danish Minister of Health established a new register collecting data about all ritual male childhood circumcisions in Denmark. The (...)
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  13.  7
    The ‘Expiry Problem’ of Broad Consent for Biobank Research - And Why a Meta Consent Model Solves It.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (9):629-631.
    In this response to Neil Manson’s latest intervention in our debate about the best consent model for biobank research we show, contra Manson that the ‘expiry problem’ that affects broad consent models because of changes over time in methods, purposes, types of data used and governance structures is a real and significant problem. We further show that our preferred implementation of meta consent as a national consent platform solves this problem and is not subject to the cost and burden objections (...)
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  14.  6
    Scientific Second-Order ’Nudging’ or Lobbying by Interest Groups: The Battle Over Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Screening Programmes.Thomas Ploug, Søren Holm & John Brodersen - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (4):641-650.
    The idea that it is acceptable to ‘nudge’ people to opt for the ‘healthy choice’ is gaining currency in health care policy circles. This article investigates whether researchers evaluating Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Screening Programmes attempt to influence decision makers in ways that are similar to popular ‘nudging’ techniques. Comparing two papers on the health economics of AAASP both published in the BMJ within the last 3 years, it is shown that the values chosen for the health economics modelling are not (...)
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  15. Das Recht Als Form der "Gemeinschaft Freier Wesen Als Solcher". Fichtes Rechtsphilosophie in Ihren Aktuellen Bezügen, Ed. By Thomas S. Hoffmann[REVIEW]Thomas Sören Hoffmann (ed.) - 2014 - Duncker&Humblot.
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  16.  64
    Pharmaceutical Information Systems and Possible Implementations of Informed Consent - Developing an Heuristic.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2012 - BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):30-.
    Background Denmark has implemented a comprehensive, nationwide pharmaceutical information system, and this system has been evaluated by the Danish Council of Ethics. The system can be seen as an exemplar of a comprehensive health information system for clinical use. Analysis The paper analyses 1) how informed consent can be implemented in the system and how different implementations create different impacts on autonomy and control of information, and 2) arguments directed towards justifying not seeking informed consent in this context. Results and (...)
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  17.  3
    The Use of Empirical Evidene in Formulating Reproductive Policy Advice and Policy.Søren Holm & Thomas Ploug - 2015 - Monash Bioethics Review 33 (1):7-17.
    The focus of this paper is an analysis and discussion of what kind of empirical evidence bodies that advise on or set public policy in the area of reproduction and reproductive technologies are looking for when developing new advice or policy, but the analysis has implications for other areas of ‘bioethics policy making’ as well. The paper outlines some important differences between policy making and philosophical analysis, provides an account of ‘policy relevance’ and discusses ways in which evidence may be (...)
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  18.  9
    Fairness, Implicit Bias Testing and Sports Refereeing: An Argument for Why Professional Sports Organisations Ought to Promote Fairness in Sport Through Testing Referees for Implicit Biases.Thomas Søbrik Petersen & Søren Sofus Wichmann - 2020 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 48 (1):97-110.
    Sports referees are not always as unbiased or impartial as they ideally should be. Studies have shown, for example, that in their decisions, referees seem to be biased against people of different r...
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  19.  6
    Preface.Søren Gosvig Olesen, Hans Ruin & Thomas Schwarz Wentzer - 2013 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 48:7-8.
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  20.  24
    On Thomas Pogge's Theory of Global Justice. Why We Are Not Collectively Responsible for the Global Distribution of Benefits and Burdens Between Individuals.Søren Flinch Midtgaard - 2012 - SATS 13 (2):207-222.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Jahrgang: 13 Heft: 2 Seiten: 207-222.
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  21.  15
    On Thomas Pogge’s Theory of Global Justice. Why We Are Not Collectively Responsible for the Global Distribution of Benefits and Burdens Between Individuals.Søren Flinch Midtgaard - 2012 - SATS 13 (2).
  22.  5
    Pharmaceutical “Nudging”—Reinterpreting the Ethics of Evaluative Conditioning.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (5):25-27.
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  23.  17
    Do Not Forget the Right to Withdraw!Søren Holm & Thomas Ploug - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (12):14-15.
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  24. The Right to Contest AI Profiling Based on Social Media Data.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (7):21-23.
    Artificial Intelligence systems—and in particular various types of machine learning models—have significant potential for improving the performance and effectiveness of diagnostics and treatme...
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  25. Letter to the Editor.Thomas Ploug, Søren Holm & John Brodersen - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (3):541-542.
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  26.  7
    Dan Zahavi, Søren Overgaard and Thomas Schwarz Wentzer , Den Unge Heidegger, Copenhagen: Akademisk Forlag 2003, 229 Pp. [REVIEW]Arne Johan Vetlesen - 2005 - SATS 6 (2):218-224.
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  27.  2
    Argumentationstypen in der bioethischen Diskussion.Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann - 2006 - In Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann (eds.), Normkultur Versus Nutzenkultur: Über Kulturelle Kontexte von Bioethik Und Biorecht. Walter de Gruyter.
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  28.  10
    Bioethics and Society in America: the elite versus the people.Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann - 2006 - In Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann (eds.), Normkultur Versus Nutzenkultur: Über Kulturelle Kontexte von Bioethik Und Biorecht. Walter de Gruyter.
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  29.  2
    Bioethik im Kontext des Rechts. Zu den Aufgaben und Grenzen des Rechts in bioethischen Fragen.Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann - 2006 - In Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann (eds.), Normkultur Versus Nutzenkultur: Über Kulturelle Kontexte von Bioethik Und Biorecht. Walter de Gruyter.
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  30.  3
    Die drei Ebenen des medizinischen Urteils.Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann - 2006 - In Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann (eds.), Normkultur Versus Nutzenkultur: Über Kulturelle Kontexte von Bioethik Und Biorecht. Walter de Gruyter.
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  31.  6
    Der "Homo oeconomicus" im Krankenhaus.Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann - 2006 - In Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann (eds.), Normkultur Versus Nutzenkultur: Über Kulturelle Kontexte von Bioethik Und Biorecht. Walter de Gruyter.
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  32.  3
    Der Menschenrechtsgedanke und die Herausforderung durch die moderne Biomedizin.Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann - 2006 - In Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann (eds.), Normkultur Versus Nutzenkultur: Über Kulturelle Kontexte von Bioethik Und Biorecht. Walter de Gruyter.
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  33.  11
    Die Natur des Menschen ändern? Die Biotechnologien und die anthropologische Frage.Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann - 2006 - In Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann (eds.), Normkultur Versus Nutzenkultur: Über Kulturelle Kontexte von Bioethik Und Biorecht. Walter de Gruyter.
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  34.  12
    Die ungeteilte Menschenwürde. Christliche Bioethik im gesellschaftlichen Diskurs.Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann - 2006 - In Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann (eds.), Normkultur Versus Nutzenkultur: Über Kulturelle Kontexte von Bioethik Und Biorecht. Walter de Gruyter.
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  35.  4
    Grenzen der Definitionsmacht. Zum Verhältnis von Normkultur und Nutzenkultur aus der Sicht evangelischer Theologie.Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann - 2006 - In Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann (eds.), Normkultur Versus Nutzenkultur: Über Kulturelle Kontexte von Bioethik Und Biorecht. Walter de Gruyter.
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  36.  4
    Ist der Hirntod der Tod des Menschen? Zum Stand der Debatte.Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann - 2006 - In Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann (eds.), Normkultur Versus Nutzenkultur: Über Kulturelle Kontexte von Bioethik Und Biorecht. Walter de Gruyter.
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  37.  5
    Kultur des Nutzens und Nutzen der Kultur - wissenschaftstheoretischer Grundprobleme der Bioethik.Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann - 2006 - In Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann (eds.), Normkultur Versus Nutzenkultur: Über Kulturelle Kontexte von Bioethik Und Biorecht. Walter de Gruyter.
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  38.  3
    Kultur - Ehtik - Recht. Eine Skizze im Blick auf den globalen Antagonismus von Norm- und Nutzenkultur.Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann - 2006 - In Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann (eds.), Normkultur Versus Nutzenkultur: Über Kulturelle Kontexte von Bioethik Und Biorecht. Walter de Gruyter.
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  39.  2
    Kants Reflexion der Menschenwürde und die Bioethik. Ethische Aspekte des frühen menschlichen Lebens.Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann - 2006 - In Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann (eds.), Normkultur Versus Nutzenkultur: Über Kulturelle Kontexte von Bioethik Und Biorecht. Walter de Gruyter.
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  40.  6
    Nutzen oder Würde - zwei ethische Paradigmen im Widerstreit. Ehtiktransfer in der Medizintechnik am Beispiel der Schweiz.Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann - 2006 - In Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann (eds.), Normkultur Versus Nutzenkultur: Über Kulturelle Kontexte von Bioethik Und Biorecht. Walter de Gruyter.
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  41.  3
    Normen und Nutzen bei der ethischen Beurteilung der Klonierung von menschlichen Embryonen.Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann - 2006 - In Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann (eds.), Normkultur Versus Nutzenkultur: Über Kulturelle Kontexte von Bioethik Und Biorecht. Walter de Gruyter.
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  42. Normkultur Versus Nutzenkultur: Über Kulturelle Kontexte von Bioethik Und Biorecht.Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann (eds.) - 2006 - Walter de Gruyter.
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  43.  6
    Normkultur versus Nutzenkultur: Worüber streitet die Bioethik?Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann - 2006 - In Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann (eds.), Normkultur Versus Nutzenkultur: Über Kulturelle Kontexte von Bioethik Und Biorecht. Walter de Gruyter.
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  44.  7
    Totipotenz - Omnipotenz - Pluripotenz. Ausblendungsphänomene in der Stammzelldebatte: Indikatoren für den Konflikt zwischen Norm- und Nutzenkultur?Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann - 2006 - In Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann (eds.), Normkultur Versus Nutzenkultur: Über Kulturelle Kontexte von Bioethik Und Biorecht. Walter de Gruyter.
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  45.  1
    Zur Kritik an einer rechtsethischen Engführung der Bioethik als Paradigma einer Nutzenkultur.Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann - 2006 - In Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann (eds.), Normkultur Versus Nutzenkultur: Über Kulturelle Kontexte von Bioethik Und Biorecht. Walter de Gruyter.
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  46.  3
    Zum Konflikt zwischen Kindeswohl und elterlichem Wunschdenken: Gesundheitsrisiken bei assistierter Reproduktion.Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann - 2006 - In Walter Schweidler & Thomas S. Hoffmann (eds.), Normkultur Versus Nutzenkultur: Über Kulturelle Kontexte von Bioethik Und Biorecht. Walter de Gruyter.
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  47. Informed Consent and ICT-Experiments Involving Young People with Autism Spectrum Disorder–Redescribing the Problem of Dual Roles.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2012 - Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 6 (2).
     
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  48.  15
    Informed Consent, Libertarian Paternalism, and Nudging: A Response.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (12):10-13.
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  49.  50
    On the Scope of Justice.Søren Flinch Midtgaard - 2012 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 12 (1):77-96.
    The paper defends the so-called political conception of the scope of justice proposed by Thomas Nagel. The argument has three stages: (a) I argue that A. J. Julius’ influential criticism of the political conception can be answered. Pace Julius, actual and (relevant) hypothetical cases of state coercion do in fact involve a claim to the effect that people have a duty to obey, so the problem of justice does arise, according to Nagel’s criterion, in the critical cases scrutinised by (...)
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  50.  4
    Islam, Judaism, and Zoroastrianism.Navras Jaat Aafreedi, Raihanah Abdullah, Zuraidah Abdullah, Iqbal S. Akhtar, Blain Auer, Jehan Bagli, Parvez M. Bajan, Carole A. Barnsley, Michael Bednar, Clinton Bennett, Purushottama Bilimoria, Leila Chamankhah, Jamsheed K. Choksy, Golam Dastagir, Albert De Jong, Amanullah De Sondy, Arthur Dudney, Janis Esots, Ilyse R. Morgenstein Fuerst, Jonathan Goldstein, Rebecca Ruth Gould, Thomas K. Gugler, Vivek Gupta, Andrew Halladay, Sowkot Hossain, A. R. M. Imtiyaz, Brannon Ingram, Ayesha A. Irani, Barbara C. Johnson, Ramiyar P. Karanjia, Pasha M. Khan, Shenila Khoja-Moolji, Søren Christian Lassen, Riyaz Latif, Bruce B. Lawrence, Joel Lee, Matthew Long, Iik A. Mansurnoor, Anubhuti Maurya, Sharmina Mawani, Seyed Mohamed Mohamed Mazahir, Mohamed Mihlar, Colin P. Mitchell, Yasien Mohamed, A. Azfar Moin, Rafiqul Islam Molla, Anjoom Mukadam, Faiza Mushtaq, Sajjad Nejatie, James R. Newell, Moin Ahmad Nizami, Michael O’Neal, Erik S. Ohlander, Jesse S. Palsetia, Farid Panjwani & Rooyintan Pesh Peer - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
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