Results for 'Thomas S. Tomlinson'

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  1.  57
    Book Notes. [REVIEW]Keith Burgess‐Jackson, Cheshire Calhoun, Susan Finsen, Chad W. Flanders, Heather J. Gert, Peter G. Heckman, John Kelsay, Michael Lavin, Michelle Y. Little, Lionel K. McPherson, Alfred Nordmann, Kirk Pillow, Ruth J. Sample, Edward D. Sherline, Hans O. Tiefel, Thomas S. Tomlinson, Steven Walt, Patricia H. Werhane, Edward C. Wingebach & Christopher F. Zurn - 2001 - Ethics 112 (1):189-201.
  2. Planning for BASICS MotherCare Wellstart cooperation; reports on Wellstart baseline and AIN community evaluation; and planning for the community perinatal health study May 6-9 1996 Tegucigalpa Honduras. [REVIEW]B. D. Smith, S. L. Curtis, F. Steele, S. Thomas, J. Ponnaiya, M. Azelmat, A. J. Tomlinson, N. Jana, K. Vasishta & S. K. Jindal - 1996 - Journal of Biosocial Science 28 (2):141-59.
     
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  3. The physician's influence on patients' choices.Thomas Tomlinson - 1986 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 7 (2).
    Although the traditional physician ethic sees nothing objectionable about the doctor's influence over patients, superficial conceptions of the patient's right to self-determination imply that this influence may be manipulative. On the contrary, there are several different lines of argument which can reconcile self-determination with the physician's influence. Nevertheless, drawing the boundaries between legitimate methods of persuasion, and manipulation or coercion sometimes proves difficult.
     
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  4. On being genetically "irresponsible".Judith Andre, Leonard M. Fleck & Thomas Tomlinson - 2000 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 10 (2):129-146.
    : New genetic technologies continue to emerge that allow us to control the genetic endowment of future children. Increasingly the claim is made that it is morally "irresponsible" for parents to fail to use such technologies when they know their possible children are at risk for a serious genetic disorder. We believe such charges are often unwarranted. Our goal in this article is to offer a careful conceptual analysis of the language of irresponsibility in an effort to encourage more care (...)
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  5.  22
    The last writings of Thomas S. Kuhn: incommensurability in science.Thomas S. Kuhn - 2022 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Edited by Bojana Mladenović.
    This book contains the text of Thomas Kuhn's unfinished book, The Plurality of Worlds: An Evolutionary Theory of Scientific Development, which Kuhn himself described as "a return to the central claims of The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, and the problems that it raised but did not resolve." The Plurality of Worlds is preceded by two related texts that Kuhn publicly delivered but never published in English: his paper "Scientific Knowledge as a Historical Product" and his Shearman Memorial Lectures, "The (...)
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  6.  3
    Wagering on an ironic God: Pascal on faith and philosophy.Thomas S. Hibbs - 2017 - Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press.
    Irony, philosophy, and the Christian faith -- Socratic immanence: Montaigne's recovery of philosophy as a way of life -- The virtue of science and the science of virtue: Descartes' overcoming of Socrates -- The quest for wisdom: Pascal and philosophy -- Wagering on an ironic God.
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  7. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1962 - Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Edited by Ian Hacking.
  8.  5
    Denken der Individualität: Festschrift für Josef Simon zum 65.Geburstag im August 1995.Thomas S. Hoffmann & Stefan Majetschak (eds.) - 1995 - De Gruyter.
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  9.  3
    Die Entstehung des Neuen: Studien zur Struktur der Wissenschaftsgeschichte.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1977 - Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp. Edited by Lorenz Krüger.
  10. The Copernican Revolution: Planetary Astronomy in the Development of Western Thought.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1957 - Harvard University Press.
    The significance of the plurality of the Copernican Revolution is the main thrust of this undergraduate text In this study of the Copernican Revolution, the ...
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  11. Objectivity, value judgment, and theory choice.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1981 - In David Zaret (ed.), Review of Thomas S. Kuhn The Essential Tension: Selected Studies in Scientific Tradition and Change. Duke University Press. pp. 320--39.
  12. The Essential Tension.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (4):649-652.
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  13. Commensurability, Comparability, Communicability.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1982 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:669 - 688.
    The author's concept of incommensurability is explicated by elaborating the claim that some terms essential to the formulation of older theories defy translation into the language of more recent ones. Defense of this claim rests on the distinction between interpreting a theory in a later language and translating the theory into it. The former is both possible and essential, the latter neither. The interpretation/translation distinction is then applied to Kitcher's critique of incommensurability and Quine's conception of a translation manual, both (...)
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  14. The Road since Structure.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:3-13.
    A highly condensed account of the author's present view of some philosophical problems unresolved in The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. The concept of incommensurability, now considerably developed, remains at center stage, but the evolutionary metaphor, introduced in the final pages of the book, now also plays a principal role.
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  15. The road since structure.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1991 - In A. Fine, M. Forbes & L. Wessels (eds.), PSA 1990: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association. University of Chicago Press. pp. 3-13.
    A highly condensed account of the author's present view of some philosophical problems unresolved in The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. The concept of incommensurability, now considerably developed, remains at center stage, but the evolutionary metaphor, introduced in the final pages of the book, now also plays a principal role.
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  16.  78
    What Are Scientific Revolutions?Thomas S. Kuhn - 1981 - Center for Cognitive Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
  17.  53
    No evidence of intelligence improvement after working memory training: A randomized, placebo-controlled study.Thomas S. Redick, Zach Shipstead, Tyler L. Harrison, Kenny L. Hicks, David E. Fried, David Z. Hambrick, Michael J. Kane & Randall W. Engle - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (2):359.
  18. Metaphor in science.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1979 - In A. Ortony (ed.), Metaphor and Thought. Cambridge University Press. pp. 409-19.
     
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  19.  9
    The Road Since Structure: Philosophical Essays, 1970-1993, with an Autobiographical Interview.Thomas S. Kuhn & Jim Conant - 2000 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Edited by James Conant & John Haugeland.
    Divided into three parts, this work is a record of the direction Kuhn was taking during the last two decades of his life. It consists of essays in which he refines the basic concepts set forth in "Structure"--Paradigm shifts, incommensurability, and the nature of scientific progress.
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  20. The trouble with the historical philosophy of science.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1992 - Cambridge, Mass. (235 Holyoke Center, Cambridge 02138): Dept. of the History of Science, Harvard University.
  21.  24
    Arguments on thin ice: on non-medical egg freezing and individualisation arguments.Thomas Søbirk Petersen - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (3):164-168.
    The aim of this article is to provide a systematic reconstruction and critique of what is taken to be a central ethical concern against the use of non-medical egg freezing. The concern can be captured in what we can call the individualisation argument. The argument states, very roughly, that women should not use NMEF as it is an individualistic and morally problematic solution to the social problems that women face, for instance, in the labour market. Instead of allowing or expecting (...)
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  22. A Response to My Critics.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1970 - In Imre Lakatos & Alan Musgrave (eds.), Criticism and the growth of knowledge. Cambridge [Eng.]: Cambridge University Press.
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  23.  97
    Afterwords.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1993 - In Paul Horwich (ed.), Educational Theory. MIT Press. pp. 311--41.
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  24.  33
    The Structure of Scientific Revolutions: 50th Anniversary Edition.Thomas S. Kuhn & Ian Hacking - 2012 - University of Chicago Press.
    A good book may have the power to change the way we see the world, but a great book actually becomes part of our daily consciousness, pervading our thinking to the point that we take it for granted, and we forget how provocative and challenging its ideas once were—and still are. _The Structure of Scientific Revolutions _is that kind of book. When it was first published in 1962, it was a landmark event in the history and philosophy of science. Fifty (...)
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  25.  93
    The Function of Measurement in Modern Physical Science.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1961 - Isis 52 (2):161-193.
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  26. The function of measurement in modern physical sciences.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1961 - Isis 52:161-193.
  27. Theory-change as structure-change: Comments on the Sneed formalism.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1976 - Erkenntnis 10 (2):179 - 199.
  28. Differential effects of incidental tasks on the organization of recall of a list of highly associated words.Thomas S. Hyde & James J. Jenkins - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (3):472.
  29. Rationality and theory choice.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1983 - Journal of Philosophy 80 (10):563-570.
  30. Dubbing and redubbing: The vulnerability of rigid designation.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1990 - In C. Wade Savage, James Conant & John Haugeland (eds.), Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science. University of Minnesota Press. pp. 58-89.
  31.  22
    Doping in Sport: A Defence.Thomas Søbirk Petersen - 2020 - London and New York; UK and USA: Routledge.
    It has become a mantra, that doping is immorally and therefore should be punished with exclusion, fines and stigmatization. In most parts of the world, the doping debate is characterised by an extreme tunnel vision since all athletes, politicians and sports managers who have public airtime express that doping is bad or the invention of the devil. -/- The purpose of 'Doping in Sport: A Defence' is to identify, clarify and challenge some of the central arguments that are used in (...)
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  32.  39
    Phenomenological Life-World Analysis and Ethnomethodology’s Program.Thomas S. Eberle - 2012 - Human Studies 35 (2):279-304.
    This paper discusses ethnomethodology's program in relation to the phenomenological life-world analysis of Alfred Schutz. A recent publication of Garfinkel's early writings sheds new light on how he made use of phenomenological reflections in order to create a new sociological approach. Garfinkel used Schutz's life-world analysis as a source of inspiration, called for 'misreading' in the sense of an alternate reading and developed a new, empirical approach to the analysis of social order which he called 'ethnomethodology'. Ethnomethodologists usually acknowledge the (...)
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  33.  75
    Notes on Lakatos.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1970 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1970:137 - 146.
  34. Reflections on my Critics1.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1970 - In Imre Lakatos & Alan Musgrave (eds.), Criticism and the growth of knowledge. Cambridge [Eng.]: Cambridge University Press. pp. 231.
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  35.  32
    Neuro-Doping and Fairness.Thomas Søbirk Petersen & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2020 - Neuroethics 14 (2):179-190.
    In this article, we critically discuss different versions of the fairness objection to the legalisation of neuro-doping. According to this objection, legalising neuro-doping will result in some enjoying an unfair advantage over others. Basically, we assess four versions. These focus on: 1) the unequal opportunities of winning for athletes who use neuro-doping and for those who do not; 2) the unfair advantages specifically for wealthy athletes; 3) the unfairness of athletic advantages not derived from athletes’ own training ; and 4) (...)
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  36.  30
    Should violent offenders be forced to undergo neurotechnological treatment? A critical discussion of the ‘freedom of thought’ objection.Thomas Søbirk Petersen & Kristian Kragh - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (1):30-34.
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  37. The natural and the human sciences.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1991 - In David R. Hiley, James Bohman & Richard Shusterman (eds.), The Interpretive turn: philosophy, science, culture. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. pp. 17--24.
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  38. Being Worse Off: But in Comparison with What? On the Baseline Problem of Harm and the Harm Principle.Thomas Søbirk Petersen - 2014 - Res Publica 20 (2):199-214.
    Several liberal philosophers and penal theorists have argued that the state has a reason to prohibit acts that harm individuals. But what is harm? According to one specification of harm, a person P is harmed by an act (or an event) a iff, as a result of a, P is made worse off in terms of well-being. One central question here involves the baseline against which we assess whether someone is ‘worse off’. In other words, when a person is harmed (...)
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  39. Commensurability, communicability, comparability.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1983 - In P. D. Asquith & T. Nickles (eds.), Psa 1982. Philosophy of Science Association. pp. 669-88.
     
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  40.  71
    The Learning Society, the Unfinished Cosmopolitan, and Governing Education, Public Health and Crime Prevention at the Beginning of the Twenty‐First Century.Thomas S. Popkewitz, Ulf Olsson & Kenneth Petersson - 2006 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 38 (4):431–449.
    The ‘learning society’ expresses principles of a universal humanity and a promise of progress that seem to transcend the nation. The paper indicates how this society is governed in the name of a cosmopolitan ideal that despite its universal pretensions embodies particular inclusions and exclusions. These occur through inscribing distinctions and differentiations between the characteristics of those who embody a cosmopolitan reason that brings social progress and personal fulfilment and those who do not embody the cosmopolitan principles of civility and (...)
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  41.  46
    Preferences and reasons for communicating probabilistic information in verbal or numerical terms.Thomas S. Wallsten, David V. Budescu, Rami Zwick & Steven M. Kemp - 1993 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 31 (2):135-138.
  42.  25
    Should neurotechnological treatments offered to offenders always be in their best interests?Thomas Søbirk Petersen - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (1):32-36.
    The paper critically discusses the moral view that neurotechnological behavioural treatment for criminal offenders should only be offered if it is in their best interests. First, I show that it is difficult to apply and assess the notion of the offender's best interests unless one has a clear idea of what ‘best interests’ means. Second, I argue that if one accepts that harmful punishment of offenders has a place in the criminal justice system, it seems inconsistent not to accept the (...)
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  43. Inventing the modern self and John Dewey: modernities and the traveling of pragmatism in education.Thomas S. Popkewitz (ed.) - 2005 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Pragmatism provoked both admiration and fear, as global changes brought into the twentieth century provoked a revisioning of the cultural narratives about who the citizen and child are and should be. In a new book edited by Thomas S. Popkewitz, scholars representing twelve nations provide original chapters to explore the epistemic features and cultural theses figured in Dewey's writings as they assembled in the discourses of public schooling. The significance of Dewey in the book is not about Dewey as (...)
     
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  44.  52
    The Pitfalls of Deducing Ethics From Behavioral Economics: Why the Association of American Medical Colleges Is Wrong About Pharmaceutical Detailing.Thomas S. Huddle - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (1):1-8.
    The Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) is urging academic medical centers to ban pharmaceutical detailing. This policy followed from a consideration of behavioral and neuroeconomics research. I argue that this research did not warrant the conclusions drawn from it. Pharmaceutical detailing carries risks of cognitive error for physicians, as do other forms of information exchange. Physicians may overcome such risks; those determined to do so may ethically engage in pharmaceutical detailing. Whether or not they should do so is a (...)
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  45.  18
    Doping, fairness, and unequal responsiveness: A response to Lavazza.Thomas Søbirk Petersen & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2021 - Bioethics 35 (7):714-717.
    Bioethics, Volume 35, Issue 7, Page 714-717, September 2021.
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  46.  5
    The Road Since Structure.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1990 - PSA Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990 (2):1-13.
    On this occasion, and in this place, I feel that I ought, and am probably expected, to look back at the things which have happened to the philosophy of science since I first began to take an interest in it over half a century ago. But I am both too much an outsider and too much a protagonist to undertake that assignment. Rather than attempt to situate the present state of philosophy of science with respect to its past — a (...)
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  47.  14
    Modeling Behavior in a Clinically Diagnostic Sequential Risk-Taking Task.Thomas S. Wallsten, Timothy J. Pleskac & C. W. Lejuez - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (4):862-880.
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  48.  21
    Should neurotechnological treatments offered to offenders always be in their best interests?Thomas Søbirk Petersen - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics Recent Issues 44 (1):32-36.
    The paper critically discusses the moral view that neurotechnological behavioural treatment for criminal offenders should only be offered if it is in their best interests. First, I show that it is difficult to apply and assess the notion of the offender's best interests unless one has a clear idea of what ‘best interests’ means. Second, I argue that if one accepts that harmful punishment of offenders has a place in the criminal justice system, it seems inconsistent not to accept the (...)
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  49. The Road since Structure.Thomas S. Kuhn, J. Conant & J. Haugeland - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (4):573-575.
     
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  50. New Legal Moralism: Some Strengths and Challenges.Thomas Søbirk Petersen - 2010 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 4 (2):215-232.
    The aim of this paper is to critically discuss the plausibility of legal moralism with an emphasis on some central and recent versions. First, this paper puts forward and defends the thesis that recently developed varieties of legal moralism promoted by Robert P. George, John Kekes and Michael Moore are more plausible than Lord Devlin's traditional account. The main argument for this thesis is that in its more modern versions legal moralism is immune to some of the forceful challenges made (...)
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