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  1.  35
    Handbook of the Philosophy of Medicine.Thomas Schramme & Steven Edwards (eds.) - 2017 - Springer.
    This is the first wide-ranging, multi-authored handbook in the field of philosophy of medicine, covering the underlying conceptual issues of many important social, political and ethical issues in health care. It introduces and develops over 70 topics, concepts, and issues in the field. It is written by distinguished specialists from multiple disciplines, including philosophy, health sciences, nursing, sociology, political theory, and medicine. Many difficult social and ethical issues in health care are based on conceptual problems, most prominently on the definitions (...)
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  2.  67
    A qualified defence of a naturalist theory of health.Thomas Schramme - 2006 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (1):11-17.
    The paper contrasts Lennart Nordenfelt’s normative theory of health with the naturalists’ point of view, especially in the version developed by Christopher Boorse. In the first part it defends Boorse’s analysis of disease against the charge that it falls short of its own standards by not being descriptive. The second part of the paper sets out to analyse the positive concept of health and introduces a distinction between a positive definition of health (‘health’ is not defined as absence of disease (...)
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  3. Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity.Thomas Schramme (ed.) - 2014 - MIT Press.
    Psychopathy has been the subject of investigations in both philosophy and psychiatry and yet the conceptual issues remain largely unresolved. This volume approaches psychopathy by considering the question of what psychopaths lack. The contributors investigate specific moral dysfunctions or deficits, shedding light on the capacities people need to be moral by examining cases of real people who seem to lack those capacities. -/- The volume proceeds from the basic assumption that psychopathy is not characterized by a single deficit--for example, the (...)
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  4.  11
    Patienten und Personen. Zum Begriff der psychischen Krankheit.Thomas Schramme - 2000 - Fischer Tb-Verlag.
  5.  40
    Capable deliberators: towards inclusion of minority minds in discourse practices.Thomas Schramme - forthcoming - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy.
  6. Can we define mental disorder by using the criterion of mental dysfunction?Thomas Schramme - 2010 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (1):35-47.
    The concept of mental disorder is often defined by reference to the notion of mental dysfunction, which is in line with how the concept of disease in somatic medicine is often defined. However, the notions of mental function and dysfunction seem to suffer from some problems that do not affect models of physiological function. Functions in general have a teleological structure; they are effects of traits that are supposed to have a particular purpose, such that, for example, the heart serves (...)
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  7.  11
    Krankheitstheorien.Thomas Schramme (ed.) - 2012 - Suhrkamp.
  8.  62
    Christopher Boorse and the Philosophy of Medicine.Thomas Schramme - 2014 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (6):565-571.
    In 2012, the symposium "Christopher Boorse and the Philosophy of Medicine" was held at the University of Hamburg. The initial ideas presented at this event, which celebrated Chris's contribution to the development of what is now a vibrant area of research, especially to the theory of disease, form the core of the papers published in this issue. Similarly to what Robert Nozick once said about John Rawls's work, it can be demanded that philosophers of medicine must now either work within (...)
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  9.  22
    Sport-related concussion research agenda beyond medical science: culture, ethics, science, policy.Mike McNamee, Lynley C. Anderson, Pascal Borry, Silvia Camporesi, Wayne Derman, Soren Holm, Taryn Rebecca Knox, Bert Leuridan, Sigmund Loland, Francisco Javier Lopez Frias, Ludovica Lorusso, Dominic Malcolm, David McArdle, Brad Partridge, Thomas Schramme & Mike Weed - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics.
    The Concussion in Sport Group guidelines have successfully brought the attention of brain injuries to the global medical and sport research communities, and has significantly impacted brain injury-related practices and rules of international sport. Despite being the global repository of state-of-the-art science, diagnostic tools and guides to clinical practice, the ensuing consensus statements remain the object of ethical and sociocultural criticism. The purpose of this paper is to bring to bear a broad range of multidisciplinary challenges to the processes and (...)
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  10. Should we prevent non-therapeutic mutilation and extreme body modification?Thomas Schramme - 2007 - Bioethics 22 (1):8–15.
    ABSTRACT In this paper, I discuss several arguments against non‐therapeutic mutilation. Interventions into bodily integrity, which do not serve a therapeutic purpose and are not regarded as aesthetically acceptable by the majority, e.g. tongue splitting, branding and flesh stapling, are now practised, but, however, are still seen as a kind of ‘aberration’ that ought not to be allowed. I reject several arguments for a possible ban on these body modifications. I find the common pathologisation of body modifications, Kant's argument of (...)
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  11. ‘I hope that I get old before I die’: ageing and the concept of disease.Thomas Schramme - 2013 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (3):171-187.
    Ageing is often deemed bad for people and something that ought to be eliminated. An important aspect of this normative aspect of ageing is whether ageing, i.e., senescence, is a disease. In this essay, I defend a theory of disease that concludes that ageing is not a disease, based on an account of natural function. I also criticize other arguments that lead to the same conclusion. It is important to be clear about valid reasons in this debate, since the failure (...)
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  12.  54
    Being a (A-)moral Person and Caring About Morality.Thomas Schramme - 2014 - In Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity. MIT Press. pp. 227-244.
    The chapter starts from a specific interpretation of what it means to know the difference between right and wrong, which stems from Gilbert Ryle. To know the difference between right and wrong implies caring about morality. The author links Ryle’s ideas to the notion of being a moral person. Two different ideas found in moral philosophy are delineated, namely, the amoral person, that is, someone who rejects the demands of morality, and the morally incapacitated person, that is, someone who cannot (...)
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  13.  9
    Bioethik.Thomas Schramme - 2002 - Campus Verlag.
  14. Einleitung: Die Begriffe "Gesundheit" und "Krankheit" in der philosophischen Diskussion.Thomas Schramme - 2012 - In Krankheitstheorien. Suhrkamp. pp. 9-37.
     
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  15.  18
    Should We Prevent Non‐Therapeutic Mutilation and Extreme Body Modification?Thomas Schramme - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (1):8-15.
    In this paper, I discuss several arguments against non‐therapeutic mutilation. Interventions into bodily integrity, which do not serve a therapeutic purpose and are not regarded as aesthetically acceptable by the majority, e.g. tongue splitting, branding and flesh stapling, are now practised, but, however, are still seen as a kind of ‘aberration’ that ought not to be allowed. I reject several arguments for a possible ban on these body modifications. I find the common pathologisation of body modifications, Kant's argument of duties (...)
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  16.  20
    Introduction.Thomas Schramme - 2015 - In New Perspectives on Paternalism and Health Care. Cham: Springer Verlag.
    This chapter introduces the main findings of the medical research on psychopathy as well as the most significant threads of the philosophical debates surrounding psychopathy. It also introduces the articles collected in this volume. The introduction focuses on issues in moral psychology and metaethics, such as moral motivation, moral responsibility, and moral understanding. It shows the difficulty in conceptualising psychopathy and in using psychopathy as a test case for philosophical theories.
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  17.  91
    Who cares what the people think? Revisiting David Miller’s approach to theorising about justice.Alice Baderin, Andreas Busen, Thomas Schramme, Luke Ulaş & David Miller - 2018 - Contemporary Political Theory 17 (1):69-104.
  18.  14
    Theories of Health Justice: Just Enough Health.Thomas Schramme - 2018 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    Ideal for students in the philosophy of medicine, healthcare and public health, this book offers an introduction to the philosophical debates around health justice. It presents clear conceptual definitions of health, disease and illness and the various theories of justice, developing a specific normative argument in the debate on health justice.
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  19.  22
    On the autonomy of the concept of disease in psychiatry.Thomas Schramme - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4:1-9.
  20. Contested Services, Indirect Paternalism and Autonomy as Real Liberty.Thomas Schramme - 2015 - In New Perspectives on Paternalism and Health Care. Cham: Springer Verlag.
  21. The significance of the concept of disease for justice in health care.Thomas Schramme - 2007 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (2):121-135.
    In this paper, I want to scrutinise the value of utilising the concept of disease for a theory of distributive justice in health care. Although many people believe that the presence of a disease-related condition is a prerequisite of a justified claim on health care resources, the impact of the philosophical debate on the concept of disease is still relatively minor. This is surprising, because how we conceive of disease determines the amount of justified claims on health care resources. Therefore, (...)
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  22. Introduction.Thomas Schramme - 2014 - In Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity. MIT Press. pp. 1-39.
     
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  23. Rational Suicide, Assisted Suicide, and Indirect Legal Paternalism.Thomas Schramme - 2013 - International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 36 (5-6):477-484.
     
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  24.  33
    The Quantitative Problem for Theories of Dysfunction and Disease.Thomas Schramme - 2021 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 17 (2):(SI7)5-30.
    Mnoge biološke funkcije dopuštaju stupnjevanje. Na primjer, lučenje određenog hormona u organizmu može biti na višoj ili nižoj razini, u usporedbi s istim organizmom drugom prilikom ili u usporedbi s drugim organizmima. Koje razine funkcioniranja predstavljaju slučajeve disfunkcije; gdje da povučemo crtu? To je kvantitativni problem za teorije disfunkcije i bolesti. Cilj mi je braniti verziju bioloških teorija disfunkcije kako bih se uhvatio u koštac s ovim problemom. Međutim, također ću dopustiti da evaluativna razmatranja uđu u teoriju bolesti. Moj argument (...)
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  25.  38
    Is Rawlsian Justice Bad for the Environment?Thomas Schramme - 2006 - Analyse & Kritik 28 (2):146-157.
    In this paper I show that Rawls’s contract apparatus in A Theory of Justice depends on a particular presumption that is in conflict with the goal of conserving environmental resources. He presumes that parties in the original position want as many resources as possible. I challenge Rawls’s approach by introducing a rational alternative to maximising. The strategy of satisficing merely goes for what is good enough. However, it seems that under conditions of scarcity Rawls’s maximising strategy is the only rational (...)
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  26. Paternalism, Coercion and Manipulation in Psychiatry.Thomas Schramme - 2012 - In Jan C. Joerden (ed.), Menschenwürde in der Medizin: quo vadis? Baden-Baden: Nomos. pp. 147-160.
  27.  30
    Political Perfectionism and State Paternalism.Thomas Schramme - 2009 - Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 14 (1):147-166.
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  28.  39
    “Properly a Subject of Contempt”: The Role of Natural Penalties in Mill's Liberal Thought.Thomas Schramme - 2020 - Journal of Social Philosophy 51 (3):391-409.
  29.  24
    Noncomparative Justice Regarding Health and Its Social Determinants.Thomas Schramme - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (3):44-45.
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  30.  27
    Wenn Philosophen aus der Hüfte schießen.Thomas Schramme - 2015 - Zeitschrift für Praktische Philosophie 2 (2):377-384.
    In diesem Artikel wird argumentiert, dass die Philosophie nicht über passende Methoden verfügt, reale politische Probleme angemessen zu analysieren. So sind die tatsächlich vorzufindenden Empfehlungen zur Lösung solcher Fragen meist trivial oder unterkomplex. Es wird geraten, zuerst geeignete Instrumentarien der angewandten bzw. konkreten Ethik zu entwickeln, bevor sich PhilosophInnen zu solch komplexen Fragen wie die der Flüchtlingspolitik äußern.
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  31.  86
    New trends in philosophy of psychiatry.Thomas Schramme - 2010 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (1):1-4.
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  32. Comparative and Non-Comparative Perspectives on Disability.Thomas Schramme - 2014 - In Jerome Bickenbach, Franziska Felder & Barbara Schmitz (eds.), Disability and the Good Human Life. Cambridge University Press. pp. 72-92.
     
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  33.  33
    Paternalism and Self‐Interest: A Rejoinder.Thomas Schramme - 2009 - Bioethics 24 (4):208-210.
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  34.  31
    Why Health-enhancing Nudges Fail.Thomas Schramme - 2023 - Health Care Analysis 32 (1):33-46.
    Nudges are means to influence the will formation of people to make specific choices more likely. My focus is on nudges that are supposed to improve the health condition of individuals and populations over and above the direct prevention of disease. I point out epistemic and moral problems with these types of nudges, which lead to my conclusion that health-enhancing nudges fail. They fail because we cannot know which choices enhance individual health—properly understood in a holistic way—and because health-enhancing nudges (...)
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  35.  26
    Die Eigenständigkeit des Krankheitsbegriffs in der Psychiatrie.Thomas Schramme - 2012 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 60 (6):955-970.
    Does the reference to a mental realm in using the notion of mental disorder lead to a dilemma that consists in either implying a Cartesian account of the mind-body relation or in the need to give up a notion of mental disorder in its own right? Many psychiatrists seem to believe that denying substance dualism requires a purely neurophysiological stance for explaining mental disorder. However, this conviction is based on a limited awareness of the philosophical debate on the mind-body problem. (...)
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  36.  21
    Forms of Fellow Feeling: Empathy, Sympathy, Concern and Moral Agency.Neil Roughley & Thomas Schramme (eds.) - 2017 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    What is the basis of our capacity to act morally? This is a question that has been discussed for millennia, with philosophical debate typically distinguishing two sources of morality: reason and sentiment. This collection aims to shed light on whether the human capacity to feel for others really is central for morality and, if so, in what way. To tackle these questions, the authors discuss how fellow feeling is to be understood: its structure, content and empirical conditions. Also discussed are (...)
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  37.  26
    Health as Complete Well-Being: The WHO Definition and Beyond.Thomas Schramme - 2023 - Public Health Ethics 16 (3):210-218.
    The paper defends the World Health Organisation (WHO) definition of health against widespread criticism. The common objections are due to a possible misinterpretation of the word complete in the descriptor of health as ‘complete physical, mental and social well-being’. Complete here does not necessarily refer to perfect well-being but can alternatively mean exhaustive well-being, that is, containing all its constitutive features. In line with the alternative reading, I argue that the WHO definition puts forward a holistic account, not a notion (...)
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  38.  13
    Scaffolding athletes’ choices and performance in risky and uncertain circumstances.Thomas Schramme - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-13.
    In this paper, I discuss the risks of brain injuries in collision and contact sports and make a proposal to address them without limiting the autonomy of athletes. I aim to analyse the circumstances of profound uncertainty that athletes are facing in terms of the long-term impact of brain injuries. My strategy is to circumvent drastic measures in dealing with such risks, such as banning certain sports or changing their nature by introducing constitutive rule changes, and to scaffold individual autonomy (...)
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  39.  11
    Empathy with Future Generations?Thomas Schramme - 2024 - Topoi 43 (1):29-37.
    In this paper, I analyse whether empathy with future generations is feasible and whether it is a potentially useful instrument in effectively providing resources for future generations. I argue that empathy with future generations is possible, that it likely leads to a form of minimal concern, and that it can help in solving the relevant motivational problem. The most significant hurdle is not so much to do with achieving the required normative recognition of future generations, but with epistemic problems regarding (...)
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  40.  62
    Die politische Quacksalberei des libertären Paternalismus.Thomas Schramme - 2016 - Zeitschrift für Praktische Philosophie 3 (1):531-558.
    Der libertäre Paternalismus befürwortet Eingriffe in die Entscheidungsfindung von Bürgern, ohne ihnen Optionen völlig nehmen zu wollen. Vielmehr soll die Lenkung des Willens durch Schubser geschehen. Im folgenden Beitrag möchte ich zeigen, dass der libertäre Paternalismus auf tönernen Füßen steht. Ich bediene mich dabei des polemischen Bilds von Quacksalbern. Dieses Bild passt zu meinem argumentativen Vorgehen, da ich erstens zeigen will, dass der libertäre Paternalismus falsche Diagnosen über vermeintliche Krankheiten der Willensbildung stellt, und zweitens, dass er die falsche Therapie empfiehlt. (...)
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  41.  15
    Philosophie und Medizinethik.Thomas Schramme - 2016 - Ethik in der Medizin 28 (4):263-266.
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  42.  69
    New Perspectives on Paternalism and Health Care.Thomas Schramme (ed.) - 2015 - Cham: Springer Verlag.
    Decision-making capacity or mental competence is one of the most intensively discussed concepts in contemporary bioethics and medical ethics. In this paper I argue that anorexia nervosa, an eating disorder primarily afflicting adolescent girls and young women, seriously challenges what I label the traditional account of decision-making capacity. In light of these results, it may in addition be necessary to rethink a certain popular type of paternalistic argumentation that grounds the justification of compulsory treatment, for example of anorexic persons who (...)
  43.  6
    Gerechtigkeit und soziale Praxis.Thomas Schramme - 2006 - Campus Verlag.
  44.  5
    Sympathy.Thomas Schramme - 2023 - In Frauke Höntzsch (ed.), Mill-Handbuch: Leben – Werk – Wirkung. J.B. Metzler. pp. 345-350.
    Mit dem Ausdruck ‚sympathy‘ bezeichnet Mill die menschliche Fähigkeit, zu fühlen, was andere fühlen; oder allgemeiner, Zugang zum subjektiven Erleben Anderer zu erlangen. Sowohl Einfühlung als auch Mitfühlen sind in dieser Idee integriert. Für Mill ist ‚sympathy‘ eine wesentliche Voraussetzung der menschlichen Moralität. Allerdings gilt es, ‚sympathy‘ zur Fähigkeit auszubilden, genuin moralische Empfindungen zu zeigen. Erst dann sind stabile Moraldispositionen zu erwarten und damit letztlich die Realisierbarkeit des utilitaristischen Moralprinzips ermöglicht.
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  45. On Empathy as the Cement of the Moral Universe.Thomas Schramme - 2015 - In Neil Roughley & T. Schramme (eds.), On Moral Sentimentalism. Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 42-49.
  46. Psychische Krankheit als Störung wesentlicher Funktionen.Thomas Schramme - 2015 - der Nervenarzt 86 (1):16-21.
     
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  47.  38
    The Metric and the Threshold Problem for Theories of Health Justice: A Comment on Venkatapuram.Thomas Schramme - 2015 - Bioethics 30 (1):19-24.
    Any theory of health justice requires an account of what areas of social life are important enough to be of public concern. What are the goods that ought to be provided as a matter of justice? This is what I will call the metric problem. The capabilities approach puts forward a particular solution to this problem. In this article I will discuss some issues of such an approach in relation to Sridhar Venkatapuram's well-known theory. Another problem I examine is how (...)
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  48.  26
    Philosophy and Psychiatry.Thomas Schramme & Johannes Thome (eds.) - 2003 - De Gruyter.
    The interdisciplinary contributions of this edition promote the development of a new "philosophical psychopathology".
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  49.  13
    Die Anmaßung der Gleichheitsvoraussetzung.Thomas Schramme - 2003 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 51 (2):255.
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  50.  29
    Disadvantage and equal opportunity in education: A noncomparative perspective.Thomas Schramme - 2014 - Social Philosophy and Policy 31 (1):135-149.
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