Results for 'Thomas W. Kallert'

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  1.  29
    Coercive Treatment in Psychiatry: Clinical, Legal and Ethical Aspects.Thomas W. Kallert, Juan E. Mezzich & John Monahan (eds.) - 2011 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    This book considers coercion within the healing and ethical framework of therapeutic relationships and partnerships at all levels, and addresses the universal ...
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  2. Clothed-in-Fur, and Other Tales an Introduction to an Ojibwa World View /Thomas W. Overholt and J. Baird Callicott ; with Ojibwa Texts by William Jones and Foreword by Mary B. Black-Rogers. --. --. [REVIEW]Thomas W. Overholt, J. Baird Callicott & William Jones - 1982 - University Press of America, C1982.
     
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  3.  61
    Three Problems with Contractarian-Consequentialist Ways of Assessing Social Institutions*: THOMAS W. POGGE.Thomas W. Pogge - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (2):241-266.
    With each of our three criminal-law topics—defining offenses, apprehending suspects, and establishing punishments—we feel, I believe, strong moral resistance to the idea that our practices should be settled by a prospective-participant perspective. This becomes quite clear when we look at how the “reforms” suggested by institutional viewing might combine once we consider all three topics together: imagine a more extensive and swifter use of the death penalty in homicide cases coupled with somewhat lower standards of evidence; or think of backing (...)
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  4. Human Flourishing and Universal Justice*: THOMAS W. POGGE.Thomas W. Pogge - 1999 - Social Philosophy and Policy 16 (1):333-361.
    The question of what constitutes human flourishing elicits an extraordinary variety of responses, which suggests that there are not merely differences of opinion at work, but also different understandings of the question itself. So it may help to introduce some clarity into the question before starting work on one answer to it.
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  5.  75
    The Multiple Realization Book.Thomas W. Polger & Lawrence A. Shapiro - 2016 - Oxford: Oxford University Press UK.
    Since Hilary Putnam offered multiple realization as an empirical hypothesis in the 1960s, philosophical consensus has turned against the idea that mental processes are identifiable with brain processes, and multiple realization has become the keystone of the 'antireductive consensus' across philosophy of science. Thomas W. Polger and Lawrence A. Shapiro offer the first book-length investigation of multiple realization, which serves as a starting point to a series of philosophically sophisticated and empirically informed arguments that cast doubt on the generality (...)
  6.  63
    Natural Minds.Thomas W. Polger - 2004 - Bradford.
    In Natural Minds Thomas Polger advocates, and defends, the philosophical theory that mind equals brain -- that sensations are brain processes -- and in doing so brings the mind-brain identity theory back into the philosophical debate about consciousness. The version of identity theory that Polger advocates holds that conscious processes, events, states, or properties are type- identical to biological processes, events, states, or properties -- a "tough-minded" account that maintains that minds are necessarily indentical to brains, a position held (...)
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  7.  14
    “Interview with Thomas Pogge” in Fórum Jurídico at http://thomaspogge.com/revista-forum-juridico-secao-especial/, December 6, 2013. [REVIEW]Thomas W. Pogge - unknown
  8. Realizing Rawls.Thomas W. Pogge - 1992 - Ethics 102 (2):395-396.
     
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  9.  5
    The Attributes of God in the Sentences of St. Thomas.Thomas W. Connolly - 1954 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 4:18-50.
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  10.  2
    Hume and the Politics of Enlightenment.Thomas W. Merrill - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    'Methinks I am like a man, who having narrowly escap'd shipwreck', David Hume writes in A Treatise of Human Nature, 'has yet the temerity to put out to sea in the same leaky weather-beaten vessel, and even carries his ambition so far as to think of compassing the globe'. With these words, Hume begins a memorable depiction of the crisis of philosophy and his turn to moral and political philosophy as the path forward. In this groundbreaking work, Thomas W. (...)
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  11. Global Justice.Thomas W. Pogge - 2003 - Science and Society 67 (2):261-264.
    Contributors from several countries discuss the central moral issues arising in the emerging global order: the responsibilities of the strongest societies, moral priorities for the next decades, and the role of intellectuals in view of the huge gap between widely expressed moral ambitions and prevailing political and economic realities.
     
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  12.  46
    Thomas W. Dunfee Tribute Issue: Introduction.Thomas S. Robertson - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (S4):539-540.
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  13. Death, nothingness, and subjectivity.Thomas W. Clark - 1995 - In Daniel Kolak & R. Martin (eds.), The Experience of Philosophy. Wadsworth Publishing. pp. 15-20.
    The words quoted above distill the common secular conception of death. If we decline the traditional religious reassurances of an afterlife, or their fuzzy new age equivalents, and instead take the hard-boiled and thoroughly modern materialist view of death, then we likely end up with Gonzalez-Cruzzi. Rejecting visions of reunions with loved ones or of crossing over into the light, we anticipate the opposite: darkness, silence, an engulfing emptiness. But we would be wrong.
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  14.  65
    Function and phenomenology: Closing the explanatory gap.Thomas W. Clark - 1995 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 2 (3):241-54.
    This paper critiques the view that consciousness is likely something extra which accompanies or is produced by neural states, something beyond the functional cognitive processes realized in the brain. Such a view creates the `explanatory gap'between function and nomenology which many suppose cannot be filled by functionalist theories of mind. Given methodological considerations of simplicity, ontological parsimony, and theoretical conservatism, an alternative hypothesis is recommended, that subjective qualitative experience is identical to certain information-bearing, behaviour-controlling functions, not something which emerges from (...)
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  15.  12
    "Assisting" the Global Poor.Thomas W. Pogge - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 13:189-215.
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  16.  14
    Experience and Autonomy.Thomas W. Clark - 2013 - In Gregg Caruso (ed.), Exploring the Illusion of Free Will and Moral Responsibility. Lexington Books. pp. 239.
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  17. Cosmopolitanism and sovereignty.Thomas W. Pogge - 1992 - Ethics 103 (1):48-75.
  18. The Attributes of God in the Sentences of St. Thomas.Thomas W. Connolly - 1954 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 4:18-50.
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  19. Killing the observer.Thomas W. Clark - 2005 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (4-5):38-59.
    Phenomenal consciousness is often thought to involve a first-person perspective or point of view which makes available to the subject categorically private, first-person facts about experience, facts that are irreducible to third-person physical, functional, or representational facts. This paper seeks to show that on a representational account of consciousness, we don't have an observational perspective on experience that gives access to such facts, although our representational limitations and the phenomenal structure of consciousness make it strongly seem that we do. Qualia (...)
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  20.  20
    Democracy and Social Injustice: Law, Politics, and Philosophy.Thomas W. Simon - 1995 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In this truly interdisciplinary study that reflects the author's work in philosophy, political science, law, and policy studies, Thomas W. Simon argues that democratic theory must address the social injustices inflicted upon disadvantaged groups. By shifting theoretical sights from justice to injustice, Simon recasts the nature of democracy and provides a new perspective on social problems. He examines the causes and effects of injustice, victims' responses to injustice, and historical theories of disadvantage, revealing that those theories have important repercussions (...)
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  21. Is Kant’s Rechtslehre Comprehensive?Thomas W. Pogge - 1998 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 36 (Supplement):161-187.
    In contrast to his own "freestanding" liberalism, Rawls has characterized the liberalism of Kant's Rechtslehre as comprehensive, i.e., as dependent on Kant's teachings about good will and ethical autonomy or on his transcendental idealism. This characterization is not borne out by the text. Though Kant is indeed eager to show that his liberalism is entailed by his wider philosophical worldview, he is not committed to the converse, does not hold that his liberalism presupposes either his moral philosophy or his transcendental (...)
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  22. Unknown: The Extent, Distribution, and Trend of Global Income Poverty.Thomas W. Pogge & Sanjay G. Reddy - unknown
    For some thirteen years now, the World Bank (‘the Bank’) has regularly reported the number of people living below an international poverty line, colloquially known as ‘$1/day’.3 Reports for the most recent year, 1998, put this number at 1,175.14 million.4 The Bank’s estimates of severe income poverty — its global extent, geographical distribution, and trend over time — are widely cited in official publications by governments and international organizations and in popular media, often in support of the view that liberalization (...)
     
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  23.  16
    The Attributes of God in the Sentences of St. Thomas.Thomas W. Connolly - 1954 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 4:18-50.
  24. An Egalitarian Law of Peoples.Thomas W. Pogge - 1994 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 23 (3):195-224.
  25.  13
    The Power of Consciousness and the Force of Circumstances in Sartre's Philosophy.Thomas W. Busch - 1989 - Indiana University Press.
    "Displaying a masterful grasp of the texts, the author shows how otherness forces itself upon the existentialist Sartre, gradually constraining him to modify his understanding of consciousness as omnipotent. The issue is Sartre’s discovery of the social and its conceptual assimilation into his individualistic, consciousness-oriented philosophy." —Thomas R. Flynn "This very successful and accessible scholarly book... is simultaneously a succinct and clear overview of Sartre’s philosophical works.... and a fresh consideration of Sartre’s body of work." —Choice "Busch’s admirably clear (...)
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  26.  50
    An institutional approach to humanitarian intervention.Thomas W. Pogge - 1992 - Public Affairs Quarterly 6 (1):89-103.
  27. Craig on God and Morality.Thomas W. Smythe & Michael Rectenwald - 2011 - International Philosophical Quarterly 51 (3):331-338.
    In this paper we critically evaluate an argument put forward by William Lane Craig for the existence of God based on the assumption that if there were no God, there could be no objective morality. Contrary to Craig, we show that there are some necessary moral truths and objective moral reasoning that holds up whether there is a God or not. We go on to argue that religious faith, when taken alone and without reason or evidence, actually risks undermining morality (...)
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  28. Zombies explained.Thomas W. Polger - 2000 - In Andrew Brook, Don Ross & David L. Thompson (eds.), Dennett's Philosophy: A Comprehensive Assessment. MIT Press. pp. 259--286.
    In this article I reply to the challenge set forth by Dennett in his critique of Flanagan and Polger (1995). Through careful textual analysis, I show that Dennett is presenting us with a dilemma and that this dilemma is the keystone of Dennett’s argument in his Consciousness Explained. I argue that one horn of the dilemma does not have the consequence that Dennett claims; Specifically, I argue that theories that allow for the possibility of non-conscious functional duplicates of conscious beings (...)
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  29. Just war and robots’ killings.Thomas W. Simpson & Vincent C. Müller - 2016 - Philosophical Quarterly 66 (263):302-22.
    May lethal autonomous weapons systems—‘killer robots ’—be used in war? The majority of writers argue against their use, and those who have argued in favour have done so on a consequentialist basis. We defend the moral permissibility of killer robots, but on the basis of the non-aggregative structure of right assumed by Just War theory. This is necessary because the most important argument against killer robots, the responsibility trilemma proposed by Rob Sparrow, makes the same assumptions. We show that the (...)
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  30. [Book Chapter].Thomas W. Simon & Robert J. Scholes (eds.) - 1982 - Lawrence Erlbaum.
  31.  85
    A Critical Perspective of Integrative Social Contracts Theory: Recurring Criticisms and Next Generation Research Topics.Thomas W. Dunfee - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (3):303-328.
    During the past ten years Integrative Social Contracts Theory (ISCT) has become part of the repertoire of specialized decision-oriented theories in the business ethics literature. The intention here is to (1)␣provide a brief overview of the structure and strengths of ISCT; (2) identify recurring themes in the extensive commentary on the theory including brief mention of how ISCT has been applied outside the business ethics literature; (3) describe where research appears to be headed; and (4) specify challenges faced by those (...)
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  32.  21
    Review of C.D.C. Reeve Aristotle’s De Caelo (Hackett 2020). [REVIEW]Thomas W. Moody - 2022 - APA Newsletter on Teaching Philosophy 22:8-9.
  33. The Impossibility of Republican Freedom.Thomas W. Simpson - 2017 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 45 (1):27-53.
  34.  66
    Business Ethics and Extant Social Contracts.Thomas W. Dunfee - 1991 - Business Ethics Quarterly 1 (1):23-51.
    Extant social contracts, deriving from communities of individuals, constitute a significant source of ethical norms in business. When found consistent with general ethical theories through the application of a fiItering test, these real social contracts generate prima facie duties of compliance on the part of those who expressly or impliedly consent to the terms of the social contract, and also on the part of those who take advantage of the instrumental value of the social contracts. Businesspeople typically participate in multiple (...)
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  35. What Is Trust?Thomas W. Simpson - 2012 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 93 (4):550-569.
    Trust is difficult to define. Instead of doing so, I propose that the best way to understand the concept is through a genealogical account. I show how a root notion of trust arises out of some basic features of what it is for humans to live socially, in which we rely on others to act cooperatively. I explore how this concept acquires resonances of hope and threat, and how we analogically apply this in related but different contexts. The genealogical account (...)
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  36. Moral Priorities for International Human Rights NGOs.Thomas W. Pogge - unknown
    We inhabit this world with large numbers of people who are very badly off through no fault of their own. The statistics are overwhelming: “Two out of five children in the developing world are stunted, one in three is underweight and one in ten is wasted.”1 Some 250 million children between 5 and 14 do wage work outside their family — often under harsh or cruel conditions: as soldiers, prostitutes, or domestic servants, or in agriculture, construction, textile or carpet production.2 (...)
     
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  37. Is guanxi ethical? A normative analysis of doing business in china.Thomas W. Dunfee & Danielle E. Warren - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 32 (3):191 - 204.
    This paper extends the discussion of guanxi beyond instrumental evaluations and advances a normative assessment of guanxi. Our discussion departs from previous analyses by not merely asking, Does guanxi work? but rather Should corporations use guanxi? The analysis begins with a review of traditional guanxi definitions and the changing economic and legal environment in China, both necessary precursors to understanding the role of guanxi in Chinese business transactions. This review leads us to suggest that there are distinct types of, and (...)
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  38. Untangling the corruption knot: global bribery viewed through the lens of integrative social contract theory.Thomas W. Dunfee & Thomas J. Donaldson - 2002 - In Norman E. Bowie (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Business Ethics. Blackwell. pp. 6--61.
  39. The Cultural Revolution in China.Thomas W. Robinson - 1973 - Science and Society 37 (1):91-94.
     
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  40.  24
    Satire and Marxist Existentialism. By Thomas R. Flynn.Thomas W. Busch - 1988 - Modern Schoolman 65 (2):136-137.
  41. Is Kant's Rechtslehre Comprehensive?Thomas W. Pogge - 2002 - In Mark Timmons (ed.), Kant's Metaphysics of Morals: Interpretative Essays. Clarendon Press.
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  42. On the Site of Distributive Justice: Reflections on Cohen and Murphy.Thomas W. Pogge - 2000 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 29 (2):137-169.
  43. Gilbert Ryle and the adverbial theory of mind.Thomas W. Bestor - 1979 - Personalist 60 (July):233-242.
  44. Evaluating Google as an Epistemic Tool.Thomas W. Simpson - 2012 - Metaphilosophy 43 (4):426-445.
    This article develops a social epistemological analysis of Web-based search engines, addressing the following questions. First, what epistemic functions do search engines perform? Second, what dimensions of assessment are appropriate for the epistemic evaluation of search engines? Third, how well do current search engines perform on these? The article explains why they fulfil the role of a surrogate expert, and proposes three ways of assessing their utility as an epistemic tool—timeliness, authority prioritisation, and objectivity. “Personalisation” is a current trend in (...)
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  45. Can the Capability Approach Be Justified?Thomas W. Pogge - 2002 - Philosophical Topics 30 (2):167-228.
  46. Realization and the metaphysics of mind.Thomas W. Polger - 2007 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 85 (2):233 – 259.
    According to the received view in philosophy of mind, mental states or properties are _realized_ by brain states or properties but are not identical to them. This view is often called _realization_ _physicalism_. Carl Gillett has recently defended a detailed formulation of the realization relation. However, Gillett’s formulation cannot be the relation that realization physicalists have in mind. I argue that Gillett’s “dimensioned” view of realization fails to apply to a textbook case of realization. I also argue Gillett counts as (...)
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  47. Evaluating the evidence for multiple realization.Thomas W. Polger - 2009 - Synthese 167 (3):457 - 472.
    Consider what the brain-state theorist has to do to make good his claims. He has to specify a physical–chemical state such that any organism (not just a mammal) is in pain if and only if (a) it possesses a brain of suitable physical–chemical structure; and (b) its brain is in that physical–chemical state. This means that the physical–chemical state in question must be a possible state of a mammalian brain, a reptilian brain, a mollusc’s brain (octopuses are mollusca, and certainly (...)
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  48. Closing the gap on pain: Mechanism, theory, and fit.Thomas W. Polger & Kenneth J. Sufka - 2005 - In Murat Aydede (ed.), Pain: New Essays on its Nature and the Methodology of its Study. Cambridge Ma: Bradford Book/Mit Press.
    A widely accepted theory holds that emotional experiences occur mainly in a part of the human brain called the amygdala. A different theory asserts that color sensation is located in a small subpart of the visual cortex called V4. If these theories are correct, or even approximately correct, then they are remarkable advances toward a scientific explanation of human conscious experience. Yet even understanding the claims of such theories—much less evaluating them—raises some puzzles. Conscious experience does not present itself as (...)
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  49.  27
    Moment-to-moment changes in feeling moved match changes in closeness, tears, goosebumps, and warmth: time series analyses.Thomas W. Schubert, Janis H. Zickfeld, Beate Seibt & Alan Page Fiske - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (1):174-184.
  50. The Deep Time of the Dead.Thomas W. Laqueur - 2011 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 78 (3):799-820.
     
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