Results for 'Thor Gamst-Klaussen'

91 found
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  1.  13
    Procrastination and Personal Finances: Exploring the Roles of Planning and Financial Self-Efficacy.Thor Gamst-Klaussen, Piers Steel & Frode Svartdal - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  2.  4
    How Study Environments Foster Academic Procrastination: Overview and Recommendations.Frode Svartdal, Tove I. Dahl, Thor Gamst-Klaussen, Markus Koppenborg & Katrin B. Klingsieck - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  3. At the Borders of Medical Reasoning: Aetiological and Ontological Challenges of Medically Unexplained Symptoms.Thor Eirik Eriksen, Roger Kerry, Stephen Mumford, Svein Anders Noer Lie & Rani Lill Anjum - 2013 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 8:11.
    Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) remain recalcitrant to the medical profession, proving less suitable for homogenic treatment with respect to their aetiology, taxonomy and diagnosis. While the majority of existing medical research methods are designed for large scale population data and sufficiently homogenous groups, MUS are characterised by their heterogenic and complex nature. As a result, MUS seem to resist medical scrutiny in a way that other conditions do not. This paper approaches the problem of MUS from a philosophical point of (...)
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  4.  13
    The Medically Unexplained Revisited.Thor Eirik Eriksen, Anna Luise Kirkengen & Arne Johan Vetlesen - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (3):587-600.
    Medicine is facing wide-ranging challenges concerning the so-called medically unexplained disorders. The epidemiology is confusing, different medical specialties claim ownership of their unexplained territory and the unexplained conditions are themselves promoted through a highly complicated and sophisticated use of language. Confronting the outcome, i.e. numerous medical acronyms, we reflect upon principles of systematizing, contextual and social considerations and ways of thinking about these phenomena. Finally we address what we consider to be crucial dimensions concerning the landscape of unexplained “matters”; fatigued (...)
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  5.  26
    What is Called Symptom?Thor Eirik Eriksen & Mette Bech Risør - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (1):89-102.
    There is one concept in medicine which is prominent, the symptom. The omnipresence of the symptom seems, however, not to be reflected by an equally prominent curiosity aimed at investigating this concept as a phenomenon. In classic, traditional or conventional medical diagnostics and treatment, the lack of distinction with respect to the symptom represents a minor problem. Faced with enigmatic conditions and their accompanying labels such as chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, medically unexplained symptoms, and functional somatic syndromes, the contestation of (...)
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  6.  31
    Patients' ‘Thingification’, Unexplained Symptoms and Response-Ability in the Clinical Context: In Response to ‘Patients' Substantialization of Disease, the Hybrid Symptom and the Meta Physical Care’, by Alexandra Parvan.Thor Eirik Eriksen & Anna Luise Kirkengen - 2016 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 22 (4):622-627.
  7. Causation and Evidence-Based Practive - an Ontological Review.Roger Kerry, Thor Eirik Eriksen, Svein Anders Noer Lie, Stephen D. Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1006-1012.
    We claim that if a complete philosophy of evidence-based practice is intended, then attention to the nature of causation in health science is necessary. We identify how health science currently conceptualises causation by the way it prioritises some research methods over others. We then show how the current understanding of what causation is serves to constrain scientific progress. An alternative account of causation is offered. This is one of dispositionalism. We claim that by understanding causation from a dispositionalist stance, many (...)
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  8.  69
    The Feeling of Agency Hypothesis: A Critique.Thor Grünbaum - 2015 - Synthese 192 (10):3313-3337.
    A dominant view in contemporary cognitive neuroscience is that low-level, comparator-based mechanisms of motor control produce a distinctive experience often called the feeling of agency . An opposing view is that comparator-based motor control is largely non-conscious and not associated with any particular type of distinctive phenomenology . In this paper, I critically evaluate the nature of the empirical evidence researchers commonly take to support FoA-hypothesis. The aim of this paper is not only to scrutinize the FoA-hypothesis and data supposed (...)
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  9.  71
    The Perception‐Action Model: Counting Computational Mechanisms.Thor Grünbaum - 2017 - Mind and Language 32 (4):416-445.
    Milner and Goodale's Two Visual Systems Hypothesis is regarded as common ground in recent discussions of visual consciousness. A central part of TVSH is a functional model of vision and action. In this paper, I provide a brief overview of these current discussions and argue that there is ambiguity between a strong and a weak version of PAM. I argue that, given a standard way of individuating computational mechanisms, the available evidence cannot be used to distinguish between these versions. This (...)
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  10.  44
    Varieties () F Self-Awareness.Thor Grunbaum & Dan Zahavi - 2013 - In K. W. M. Fulford (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry. Oxford University Press. pp. 221.
    This chapter argues that explicit self-conscious thinking is founded on an implicit form of self-awareness built into the very structure of phenomenal consciousness. In broad strokes, the argument is that a theory denying the existence of pre-reflective or minimal self-awareness has difficulties explaining a number of essential features of explicit first-person self-reference, and that this will impede a proper understanding of certain types of psychopathology. The chapter proceeds by discussion of a number of prominent theories of self-knowledge and self-reference relating (...)
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  11.  37
    The Two Visual Systems Hypothesis and Contrastive Underdetermination.Thor Grünbaum - 2021 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 17):4045-4068.
    This paper concerns local yet systematic problems of contrastive underdetermination of model choice in cognitive neuroscience debates about the so-called two visual systems hypothesis. The underdetermination problem is systematically generated by the way certain assumptions about the representationalist nature of computation are translated into experimental practice. The problem is that behavioural data underdetermine the choice between competing representational models. In this paper, I diagnose how these assumptions generate underdetermination problems in the choice between competing functional models of perception–action. Using the (...)
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  12. Anscombe and Practical Knowledge of What Is Happening.Thor Grünbaum - 2009 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 78 (1):41-67.
    On the face of it, conflicting constraints are placed on agents' knowledge of their own action: it is demanded that that which is known is an event happening in the “outside world”, but that the way in which it is known is “from the inside”. I propose to look at the way in which Anscombe sets up this epistemological puzzle and attempts to solve it. I discuss two ways in which Anscombe proposes to dissolve the paradox of agents' knowledge, whereof (...)
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  13.  23
    Is Remembering to Do a Special Kind of Memory?Thor Grünbaum & Søren Kyllingsbæk - 2020 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 11 (2):385-404.
    When a person decides to do something in the future, she forms an intention and her intention persists. Philosophers have thought about the rational requirement that an agent’s intention persists until its execution. But philosophers have neglected to think about the causal memory mechanisms that could enable this kind of persistence and its role in rational long-term agency. Our aim of this paper is to fill this gap by arguing that memory for intention is a specific kind of memory. We (...)
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  14. Trying and the Arguments From Total Failure.Thor Grünbaum - 2008 - Philosophia 36 (1):67-86.
    New Volitionalism is a name for certain widespread conception of the nature of intentional action. Some of the standard arguments for New Volitionalism, the so-called arguments from total failure, have even acquired the status of basic assumptions for many other kinds of philosophers. It is therefore of singular interest to investigate some of the most important arguments from total failure. This is what I propose to do in this paper. My aim is not be to demonstrate that these arguments are (...)
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  15. Perception and Non-Inferential Knowledge of Action.Thor Grünbaum - 2011 - Philosophical Explorations 14 (2):153 - 167.
    I present an account of how agents can know what they are doing when they intentionally execute object-oriented actions. When an agent executes an object-oriented intentional action, she uses perception in such a way that it can fulfil a justificatory role for her knowledge of her own action and it can fulfil this justificatory role without being inferentially linked to the cognitive states that it justifies. I argue for this proposal by meeting two challenges: in an agent's knowledge of her (...)
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  16.  38
    Consciousness and Modality: On the Possible Preserved Visual Consciousness in Blindsight Subjects.Morten Overgaard & Thor Grünbaum - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1855-1859.
    In a recent paper, Brogaard presents counter-arguments to the conclusions of an experiment with blindsight subject GR. She argues that contrary to the apparent findings that GR’s preserved visual abilities relate to degraded visual experiences, she is in fact fully unconscious of the stimuli she correctly identifies. In this paper, we present arguments and evidence why Brogaard’s argument does not succeed in its purpose. We suggest that not only is relevant empirical evidence in opposition to Brogaard’s argument, her argument misconstrues (...)
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  17.  41
    Involving Patients and Relatives in a Norwegian Clinical Ethics Committee: What Have We Learned?Reidun Førde & Thor Willy Ruud Hansen - 2009 - Clinical Ethics 4 (3):125-130.
    To date, few Norwegian clinical ethics committees (CECs) have included patients or next of kin in case discussions. In 2008, Rikshospitalet's (The National Hospital's) CEC began to routinely invite patients and relatives into case discussions. In this paper, we describe seven cases discussed by this committee in 2008. Six involved life and death decision-making in collaboration with the next of kin, while one related case did not include relatives. In our opinion, representing the patient's perspective was advantageous to the discussion (...)
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  18.  61
    Causation in Evidence-Based Medicine: In Reply to Strand and Parkkinen.Roger Kerry, Thor E. Eriksen, Svein A. Noer Lie, Stephen Mumford & Rani L. Anjum - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):985-987.
    Strand and Parkkinen criticize our dispositional account of causation in evidence‐based medicine for failing to provide a proper epistemology of causal knowledge. In particular, they claim that we do not explain how causal inferences should be drawn. In response, we point out that dispositionalism does indeed have an account of the epistemology of causation, including counterfactual dependence, intervention, prediction and clinical decision. Furthermore, we argue that this is an epistemology that fits better with the known fallibility of even our best‐informed (...)
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  19. The Body in Action.Thor Grunbaum - 2008 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (2):243-261.
    This article is about how to describe an agent’s awareness of her bodily movements when she is aware of executing an action for a reason. Against current orthodoxy, I want to defend the claim that the agent’s experience of moving has an epistemic place in the agent’s awareness of her own intentional action. In “The problem,” I describe why this should be thought to be problematic. In “Motives for denying epistemic role,” I state some of the main motives for denying (...)
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  20.  72
    Commonsense Psychology, Dual Visual Streams, and the Individuation of Action.Thor Grünbaum - 2012 - Philosophical Psychology 25 (1):25 - 47.
    Psychologists and philosophers are often tempted to make general claims about the importance of certain experimental results for our commonsense notions of intentional agency, moral responsibility, and free will. It is a strong intuition that if the agent does not intentionally control her own behavior, her behavior will not be an expression of agency, she will not be morally responsible for its consequences, and she will not be acting as a free agent. It therefore seems natural that the interest centers (...)
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  21.  17
    Patient Autonomy Is a Right, But Exercising That Right May Not Be an Obligation for Patients and Kin.Thor Willy Ruud Hansen - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (1):32-33.
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  22.  48
    Do Organizational and Clinical Ethics in a Hospital Setting Need Different Venues?Reidun Førde & Thor Willy Ruud Hansen - 2014 - HEC Forum 26 (2):147-158.
    The structure of ethics work in a hospital is complex. Professional ethics, research ethics and clinical ethics committees (CECs) are important parts of this structure, in addition to laws and national and institutional codes of ethics. In Norway all hospital trusts have a CEC, most of these discuss cases by means of a method which seeks to include relevant guidelines and laws into the discussion. In recent years many committees have received more cases which have concerned questions of principle. According (...)
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  23.  28
    Action Between Plot and Discourse.Thor Grünbaum - 2007 - Semiotica 2007 (165):295-314.
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  24.  72
    First Person and Minimal Self-Consciousness.Thor Grünbaum - 2012 - In Miguens & Preyer (eds.), Consciousness and Subjectivity. Ontos Verlag. pp. 47--273.
    In this paper, I present one possible way of arguing for the theory of minimal self-consciousness, namely, by an argument by elimination. Central to the argument are the following two claims: a) If a theory of consciousness cannot explain first-person self-reference, then the theory is false, and b) An anonymity theory cannot explain first-person self-reference. Consequently, the anonymity theory is false.
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  25.  33
    Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Conceptions of Consciousness.Morten Overgaard & Thor Grünbaum - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (3):137.
  26.  16
    Phenomenology of the Broken Body.Espen Dahl, Cassandra Falke & Thor Eirik Eriksen (eds.) - 2019 - London, UK: Routledge.
    Some fundamental aspects of the lived body only become evident when it breaks down through illness, weakness or pain. From a phenomenological point of view, various breakdowns are worth analyzing for their own sake, and discussing them also opens up overlooked dimensions of our bodily constitution. This book brings together different approaches that shed light on the phenomenology of the lived body—its normality and abnormality, health and sickness, its activity as well as its passivity. The contributors integrate phenomenological insights with (...)
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  27.  10
    Prolonged Peripheral Anosmia in the Rat by Multiple Intranasal Applications of Zinc Sulfate Solution.Donald H. Thor, Robert W. Carty & Kevin J. Flannelly - 1976 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 7 (1):41-43.
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  28.  23
    Effects of Subject-Generated Stories on Recall.Glenn Gamst & Joel S. Freund - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 12 (3):185-188.
  29.  2
    Thor weihe diese Runen.Edith Marold - 1974 - Frühmittelalterliche Studien 8 (1):195-222.
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  30.  1
    Distansens Betydning Hos Martin Buber.Thor-André Skrefsrud - 2014 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 49 (2):146-154.
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  31.  1
    Huizinga’s ‘Heimwee’: Responding to Burckhardt’s ‘Die Kultur der Renaissance in Italien’ in Times of Loss.Thor Rydin - 2021 - History of European Ideas 47 (5):732-747.
    ABSTRACT This article offers a new interpretation of the historical relation between two foundational works in cultural history: Johan Huizinga’s ‘The Autumntide of the Middle Ages’ and Jacob Burckhardt’s ‘The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy’. The tension between these works has commonly been understood as a scholarly dispute over the proper historical periodization of European fifteenth-century cultural practices: whilst Burckhardt reconstructed his material in terms of its technical novelty, its ability to ‘create’ a post-medieval world, Huizinga emphasized how fifteenth-century (...)
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  32.  36
    Negacionismo Viral E Política Exterminista: Notas Sobre o Caso Brasileiro da COVID-19.Thor João De Sousa Veras - 2020 - Voluntas: Revista Internacional de Filosofia 11:e45.
    A pandemia da covid-19 ao redor do mundo suscitou na esfera pública uma profusão de discursos negacionistas da parte de lideranças políticas que foram seguidos pela sociedade civil. Ao situar essa manifestação no contexto social mais amplo da emergência de uma nova dinâmica política marcada por regimes de democracias iliberais, o objetivo desse texto é apresentar os aspectos filosóficos que subjazem o discurso negacionista na experiência brasileira mais recente. Tendo como base uma crítica obscurantista do progresso e uma filosofia da (...)
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  33.  19
    Getting Personal: Can Systems Medicine Integrate Scientific and Humanistic Conceptions of the Patient?Henrik Vogt, Elling Ulvestad, Thor Eirik Eriksen & Linn Getz - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):942-952.
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  34.  43
    Remarks on Jove and Thor.Jeremy Gwiazda - 2008 - Faith and Philosophy 25 (1):79-86.
    In “How an Unsurpassable Being can Create a Surpassable World,” Daniel and Frances Howard-Snyder employ a fascinating thought experiment in anattempt to show that a morally unsurpassable being can create a surpassable world. Imagine that for each positive integer there is a world that a good,omnipotent, omniscient being can create. Jove randomly selects a number and creates the corresponding world; Thor simply creates world 888. The Howard-Snyders argue that it is logically possible that Jove is morally unsurpassable. William Rowe (...)
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  35. Platons livsverden og skriftlighedens væsen.Thor Hennelund Nielsen - 2021 - Slagmark - Tidsskrift for Idéhistorie 77.
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  36.  85
    On Humanization of Life.Thor Olav Olsen - 2010 - Cultura 7 (2):148-163.
    To go on in the business of living, man needs a basic certainty. This is what I interpret as metaphysics. A prerequisite for making metaphysics is that you have some understanding of Biography of Philosophy. On the other hand, life is not a pre-given entity; it depends on what you do out it. This is the action directed aspects of life. In short, what I am arguing for is that the human being itself is the foundation for every story we (...)
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  37. Mennesket, Helseløshet Og Givethet - En Utforskning Av Konseptuell Gjenfylling Og Fenomenal Saturering I Lys Av Jean-Luc Marions Fenomenologi.Thor Erik Eiriksen - 2014 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 49 (2):129-141.
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  38.  23
    Sense of Agency for Movements.Mark Schram Christensen & Thor Grünbaum - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 65:27-47.
    In this paper, we argue that the comparator model is not a satisfactory model of sense of agency (SoA). We present a theoretical argument and experimental studies. We show (1) most studies of SoA neglect a distinction between SoA associated with movements (narrow SoA) and SoA associated with environmental events (broad SoA); (2) the comparator model emerges from experimental studies of sensory consequences narrowly associated with movements; (3) narrow SoA can be explained by a comparator model, but a motor signal (...)
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  39.  15
    Developmental Analyses of Social Play Behavior in Juvenile Rats.D. H. Thor & W. R. Holloway - 1984 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 22 (6):587-590.
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  40.  11
    Dark Interval Threshold and Intelligence.Donald H. Thor & Claudette J. Thor - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (2):270.
  41.  8
    Discrimination of Succession in Visual Masking by Retarded and Normal Children.Donald H. Thor - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (3p1):380.
  42.  13
    Eye Elevation and Visual Space in Monocular Regard.Donald H. Thor, John J. Winters & David L. Hoats - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (2):246.
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  43.  26
    Maintaining Trust and Credibility in a Continuously Evolving Organic Food System.Martin Hvarregaard Thorsøe - 2015 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 28 (4):767-787.
    Credibility is particularly important in organic food systems because there are only marginal visual and sensorial differences between organic and conventionally produced products, requiring consumers to trust in producers’ quality claims. In this article I explore what challenges the credibility of organic food systems and I explore how credibility of organic food systems can be maintained, using the Danish organic food system as a case study. The question is increasingly relevant as the sale of organic food is growing in Denmark (...)
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  44.  3
    Reformation, Dissent, and Diversity: The Story of Scotland’s Churches, 1560–1960, by Andrew T. N. Muirhead. [REVIEW]Jowita A. Thor - 2016 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 77 (4-5):347-348.
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  45.  6
    Threat and Attack in the Alpha Male Rat.D. H. Thor - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 14 (3):146-148.
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  46.  12
    Vertical Eye Movement and Space Perception: A Developmental Study.Donald H. Thor, John J. Winters Jr & David L. Hoats - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (1p1):163.
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  47.  20
    Sensation of Movement.Thor Grünbaum & Mark Schram Christensen - 2017 - Abingdon, UK: Routledge.
    Sensation of Movement explores the role of sensation in motor control, bodily self-recognition and sense of agency. The sensation of movement is dependent on a range of information received by the brain, from signalling in the peripheral sensory organs to the establishment of higher order goals. Through the integration of neuroscientific knowledge with psychological and philosophical perspectives, this book questions whether one type of information is more relevant for the ability to sense and control movement. Addressing conscious sensations of movement, (...)
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  48. Robert Beiner, What's the Matter with Liberalism? Reviewed By.N. Thor McLeod - 1994 - Philosophy in Review 14 (3):165-166.
     
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  49.  3
    Big Five Personality Profiles in the Norwegian Special Operations Forces.Tom Hilding Skoglund, Thor-Håvard Brekke, Frank Brundtland Steder & Ole Boe - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  50.  7
    The Rodent Model of Irritable Aggression: A Method for Analyses of Individual Roles in Paired Fighting.William B. Ghiselli & Donald H. Thor - 1974 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 4 (1):17-19.
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