Results for 'Tikitu Jager'

326 found
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  1.  24
    Explaining Quantity Implicatures.Robert van Rooij & Tikitu de Jager - 2012 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 21 (4):461-477.
    We give derivations of two formal models of Gricean Quantity implicature and strong exhaustivity in bidirectional optimality theory and in a signalling games framework. We show that, under a unifying model based on signalling games, these interpretative strategies are game-theoretic equilibria when the speaker is known to be respectively minimally and maximally expert in the matter at hand. That is, in this framework the optimal strategy for communication depends on the degree of knowledge the speaker is known to have concerning (...)
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  2.  23
    Explaining Quantity Implicatures.Robert Rooij & Tikitu Jager - 2012 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 21 (4):461-477.
    We give derivations of two formal models of Gricean Quantity implicature and strong exhaustivity in bidirectional optimality theory and in a signalling games framework. We show that, under a unifying model based on signalling games, these interpretative strategies are game-theoretic equilibria when the speaker is known to be respectively minimally and maximally expert in the matter at hand. That is, in this framework the optimal strategy for communication depends on the degree of knowledge the speaker is known to have concerning (...)
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  3. Logic, Language, and Meaning: Selected Papers From the Seventeenth Amsterdam Colloquium.Maria Aloni, Harald Bastiaanse, Tikitu Jager & Katrin Schulz (eds.) - 2010 - Springer.
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  4. Knowing Whether A or B.Maria Aloni, Paul Égré & Tikitu de Jager - 2013 - Synthese 190 (14):2595-2621.
    The paper examines the logic and semantics of knowledge attributions of the form “s knows whether A or B”. We analyze these constructions in an epistemic logic with alternative questions, and propose an account of the context-sensitivity of the corresponding sentences and of their presuppositions.
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  5. An Actualistic Semantics for Quantified Modal Logic.Thomas Jager - 1982 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 23 (3):335-349.
  6.  9
    The Artificial Arithmetick in Decimals of Robert Jager.Robert Jager & Boyd C. Patterson - 1939 - Isis 31 (1):25-31.
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  7.  32
    Systems of Explicit Mathematics with Non-Constructive Μ-Operator. Part I.Solomon Feferman & Gerhard Jäger - 1993 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 65 (3):243-263.
    Feferman, S. and G. Jäger, Systems of explicit mathematics with non-constructive μ-operator. Part I, Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 65 243-263. This paper is mainly concerned with the proof-theoretic analysis of systems of explicit mathematics with a non-constructive minimum operator. We start off from a basic theory BON of operators and numbers and add some principles of set and formula induction on the natural numbers as well as axioms for μ. The principal results then state: BON plus set induction (...)
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  8.  82
    Gaston Bachelard and Phenomenology: Outline of a Theory of the Imagination.David Jager, A. Martinez & C. Thiboutot - 1999 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 30 (1):1-17.
    Gaston Bachelard's thought remains a continual source of inspiration for a phenomenological psychology that takes human habitation as a fundamental given and as an abiding mystery of the human condition. the following essay explores the ideas Bachelard developed in the course of his study of poetry. It examines in particular his vision of imagination as a unique passage way by means of which we reach an inhabitable, intersubjective and fully human world. Within that perspective, our lives are constantly renewed by (...)
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  9.  63
    Replies to Christoph Jäger and Elizabeth Fricker.Linda Zagzebski - 2016 - Episteme 13 (2):187-194.
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  10. Information, Closure, And Knowledge: On Jäger’s Objection To Dretske.P. Baumann - 2006 - Erkenntnis 64 (3):403-408.
    Christoph Jäger (2004) argues that Dretske's information theory of knowledge raises a serious problem for his denial of closure of knowledge under known entailment: Information is closed under known entailment (even under entailment simpliciter); given that Dretske explains the concept of knowledge in terms of "information", it is hard to stick with his denial of closure for knowledge. Thus, one of the two basic claims of Dretske would have to go. Since giving up the denial of closure would commit Dretske (...)
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  11. Christoph Jäger Analytische Religionsphilosophie. . Pp iv+375. DM 18 Pbk.W. F. S. M. - 1999 - Religious Studies 35 (2):241-243.
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  12. Scientia Media and Freedom to Do Otherwise.Christoph Jäger - 2011 - In Winfried Löffler Christian Kanzian (ed.), The Ways Things Are - Studies in Ontology Heusenstamm: Ontos Verlag, 2011. Ontos.
     
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  13. A. Jäger: Gott. [REVIEW]Hans-Georg Gadamer - 1980 - Philosophische Rundschau 27:298.
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  14.  5
    Jäger, Herbert: Verbrechen unter totalitärer Herrschaft.D. R. Pfisterer - 1970 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 14 (1):379-380.
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  15. Glaube, Wissen Und Rationales Hoffen.Christoph Jäger - 2016 - In Geschichte - Gesellschaft - Geltung: XXIII Deutscher Kongress für Philosophie, 28. September -- 2. Oktober 2014 an der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Kolloquienbeiträge, ed. Michael Quante, Hamburg, Felix Meiner: 2016. pp. 501-517.
    I discuss two accounts of rational religious faith that have recently been proposed by Peter Rohs and Volker Gerhardt, respectively, and critically explore the relations between (i) faith and knowledge and (ii) faith and hope. I argue that, if faith essentially involves some form of eschatological hope, then a theory of rational faith will have to include an analysis of rational hope.
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  16.  4
    Feferman on Foundations: Logic, Mathematics, Philosophy.Gerhard Jäger & Wilfried Sieg (eds.) - 2017 - Springer.
    This volume honours the life and work of Solomon Feferman, one of the most prominent mathematical logicians of the latter half of the 20th century. In the collection of essays presented here, researchers examine Feferman’s work on mathematical as well as specific methodological and philosophical issues that tie into mathematics. Feferman’s work was largely based in mathematical logic, but also branched out into methodological and philosophical issues, making it well known beyond the borders of the mathematics community. With regard to (...)
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  17.  33
    Systems of Explicit Mathematics with Non-Constructive Μ-Operator. Part II.Solomon Feferman & Gerhard Jäger - 1996 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 79 (1):37-52.
    This paper is mainly concerned with proof-theoretic analysis of some second-order systems of explicit mathematics with a non-constructive minimum operator. By introducing axioms for variable types we extend our first-order theory BON to the elementary explicit type theory EET and add several forms of induction as well as axioms for μ. The principal results then state: EET plus set induction is proof-theoretically equivalent to Peano arithmetic PA <0).
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  18.  5
    Katharine Jager, Ed., Vernacular Aesthetics in the Later Middle Ages: Politics, Performativity, and Reception From Literature to Music. (The New Middle Ages.) Cham, Switzerland: Springer Nature, 2019. Pp. Xi, 312; 24 Black-and-White Images and 3 Tables. €103.99. ISBN: 978-3-0301-8333-2. Table of Contents Available Online at Https://Www.Palgrave.Com/Gp/Book/9783030183332. [REVIEW]Taylor Cowdery - 2021 - Speculum 96 (2):515-516.
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  19.  2
    Eric Jager. The Book of the Heart. Xxii + 248 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2000. $32, £20.50. [REVIEW]David A. Kronick - 2003 - Isis 94 (2):340-341.
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  20. Epistemic Authority, Preemptive Reasons, and Understanding.Christoph Jäger - 2016 - Episteme 13 (2):167-185.
    One of the key tenets of Linda Zagzebski’s book " Epistemic Authority" is the Preemption Thesis. It says that, when an agent learns that an epistemic authority believes that p, the rational response for her is to adopt that belief and to replace all of her previous reasons relevant to whether p by the reason that the authority believes that p. I argue that such a “Hobbesian approach” to epistemic authority yields problematic results. This becomes especially virulent when we apply (...)
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  21.  22
    De Re and de Dicto.Thomas Jager - 1987 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 29 (1):81-90.
  22.  2
    Art Theory for a Global Pluralistic Age: The Glocal Artist.Steven Félix-Jäger - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    This book extends a theory of art that addresses the present era’s shift towards global pluralism. By focusing on extrinsic rather than intrinsic qualities of art, this book helps viewers evaluate art across cultural boundaries. Art can be universally classified by an evaluation of its guiding narrative, and can be understood and judged through hermeneutical methods. Since artists engage culture through various local, transnational, and emerging global narratives, it is difficult to decipher what standards are used for evaluation, and which (...)
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  23.  38
    Bidirectional Optimization From Reasoning and Learning in Games.Michael Franke & Gerhard Jäger - 2012 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 21 (1):117-139.
    We reopen the investigation into the formal and conceptual relationship between bidirectional optimality theory (Blutner in J Semant 15(2):115–162, 1998 , J Semant 17(3):189–216, 2000 ) and game theory. Unlike a likeminded previous endeavor by Dekker and van Rooij (J Semant 17:217–242, 2000 ), we consider signaling games not strategic games, and seek to ground bidirectional optimization once in a model of rational step-by-step reasoning and once in a model of reinforcement learning. We give sufficient conditions for equivalence of bidirectional (...)
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  24.  14
    Profile of South African Secondary-School Teachers’ Teaching Quality: Evaluation of Teaching Practices Using an Observation Instrument.Thelma de Jager, Mattheus Jacobus Coetzee, Ridwan Maulana, Michelle Helms-Lorenz & Wim van de Grift - 2017 - Educational Studies 43 (4):410-429.
    The need for quality teaching is reflected in the poor performance of students in international tests. Teachers’ practices and contextual factors could contribute to substandard quality of teaching in South Africa. Several studies indicate that successful learning is largely dependent on the teachers’ practices in class. The focus of the present research was to profile the effective teaching practices of 424 secondary-school teachers in the Gauteng Province, South Africa. Teachers were observed by trained observers using a valid and reliable observation (...)
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  25.  23
    Christoph Jäger (Ed.) Analytische Religionsphilosophie. (Paderborn-Munich-Vienna-Zurich: Ferdinand Schöningh, 1998). Pp IV+375. DM 18 Pbk. [REVIEW]S. F. - 1999 - Religious Studies 35 (2):241-243.
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  26. G. Jäger, "NUS" in Platons Dialogen.Theodor Ebert - 1970 - Philosophische Rundschau 17:266.
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  27. Ronald Jager's "The Development of Bertrand Russell's Philosophy". [REVIEW]Harry Ruja - 1974 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 34 (3):440.
     
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  28.  57
    Gerhard Jäger and Robert F. Stärk. A Proof-Theoretic Framework for Logic Programming. Handbook of Proof Theory, Edited by Samuel R. Buss, Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics, Vol. 137, Elsevier, Amsterdam Etc. 1998, Pp. 639–682. [REVIEW]Toshiyasu Arai - 2000 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 6 (4):475-476.
  29.  8
    Choice Principles, the Bar Rule and Autonomously Iterated Comprehension Schemes in Analysis.S. Feferman & G. Jäger - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (1):63-70.
    In [10] Friedman showed that is a conservative extension of <ε0for-sentences wherei= min, i.e.,i= 2, 3, 4 forn= 0, 1, 2 +m. Feferman [5], [7] and Tait [11], [12] reobtained this result forn= 0, 1 and even with instead of. Feferman and Sieg established in [9] the conservativeness of over <ε0for-sentences for alln. In each paper, different methods of proof have been used. In particular, Feferman and Sieg showed how to apply familiar proof-theoretical techniques by passing through languages with Skolem (...)
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  30.  27
    Privileged Access and Repression.Anne Bartsch & Christoph Jäger - 2002 - In Verena Mayer & Sabine A. Döring (eds.), Die Moralität der Gefühle. De Gruyter. pp. 59-80.
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  31. Religionskritik in Literatur Und Philosophie Nach der Aufklärung.Carsten Jakobi, Bernhard Spies & Andrea Jäger (eds.) - 2007 - Mitteldeutscher Verlag.
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  32. Ulle Jäger.Exzentrische Positionalität Im Kontext Konstruktivistischer Ansätze - 2006 - In Hans-Peter Krüger & Gesa Lindemann (eds.), Philosophische Anthropologie Im 21. Jahrhundert. Akademie Verlag. pp. 215.
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  33. Lorenz Jager: Adorno. A Political Biography; Tom Huhn: The Cambridge Companion to Adorno. [REVIEW]C. Adair-Toteff - 2005 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 13 (3):591-596.
     
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  34.  17
    Ronald Jager, "The Development of Bertrand Russell's Philosophy". [REVIEW]Conrad J. Koehler - 1975 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 13 (3):421.
  35.  65
    Explaining the Origin of Life is Not Enough for a Definition of Life.Gerard Jagers op Akkerhuis - 2011 - Foundations of Science 16 (4):327-329.
    The comments focus on a presumed circular reasoning in the operator hierarchy and the necessity of understanding life’s origin for defining life. Below it is shown that its layered structure prevents the operator hierarchy from circular definitions. It is argued that the origin of life is an insufficient basis for a definition of life that includes multicellular and neural network organisms.
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  36.  58
    Contextualisms in Epistemology.Elke Brendel & Christoph Jäger (eds.) - 2004 - Springer.
    Contextualism has become one of the leading paradigms in contemporary epistemology. According to this view, there is no context-independent standard of knowledge, and as a result, all knowledge ascriptions are context-sensitive. Contextualists contend that their account of this analysis allows us to resolve some major epistemological problems such as skeptical paradoxes and the lottery paradox, and that it helps us explain various other linguistic data about knowledge ascriptions. The apparent ease with which contextualism seems to solve numerous epistemological quandaries has (...)
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  37.  16
    Fixed Points in Peano Arithmetic with Ordinals.Gerhard Jäger - 1993 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 60 (2):119-132.
    Jäger, G., Fixed points in Peano arithmetic with ordinals, Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 60 119-132. This paper deals with some proof-theoretic aspects of fixed point theories over Peano arithmetic with ordinals. It studies three such theories which differ in the principles which are available for induction on the natural numbers and ordinals. The main result states that there is a natural theory in this framework which is a conservative extension of Peano arithmeti.
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  38.  93
    The Social Fabric of Understanding: Equilibrium, Authority, and Epistemic Empathy.Christoph Jäger & Federica Isabella Malfatti - 2020 - Synthese 199 (1-2):1185-1205.
    We discuss the social-epistemic aspects of Catherine Elgin’s theory of reflective equilibrium and understanding and argue that it yields an argument for the view that a crucial social-epistemic function of epistemic authorities is to foster understanding in their communities. We explore the competences that enable epistemic authorities to fulfil this role and argue that among them is an epistemic virtue we call “epistemic empathy”.
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  39.  6
    Ronald Jager. Russell's Denoting Complex. Analysis , Vol. 20 , Pp. 53–62.David Kaplan - 1969 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 34 (1):144-144.
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  40. Meta-Emotions.Christoph Jäger & Anne Bartsch - 2006 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 73 (1):179-204.
    This paper explores the phenomenon of meta-emotions. Meta-emotions are emotions people have about their own emotions. We analyze the intentional structure of meta-emotions and show how psychological findings support our account. Acknowledgement of meta-emotions can elucidate a number of important issues in the philosophy of mind and, more specifically, the philosophy and psychology of emotions. Among them are (allegedly) ambivalent or paradoxical emotions, emotional communication, emotional self-regulation, privileged access failure for repressed emotions, and survivor guilt.
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  41.  36
    About Some Symmetries of Negation.Brigitte Hösli & Gerhard Jäger - 1994 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 59 (2):473-485.
    This paper deals with some structural properties of the sequent calculus and describes strong symmetries between cut-free derivations and derivations, which do not make use of identity axioms. Both of them are discussed from a semantic and syntactic point of view. Identity axioms and cuts are closely related to the treatment of negation in the sequent calculus, so the results of this article explain some nice symmetries of negation.
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  42. Het beeldende denken.Henk De Jager, Hendrik G. Matthes & M. Schoenmaekers - 1993 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 55 (1):176-176.
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  43.  16
    Facial Adiposity, Attractiveness, and Health: A Review.Stefan de Jager, Nicoleen Coetzee & Vinet Coetzee - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  44. Theories for Admissible Sets: A Unifying Approach to Proof Theory.Gerhard Jäger - 1986 - Bibliopolis.
     
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  45.  31
    About Cut Elimination for Logics of Common Knowledge.Luca Alberucci & Gerhard Jäger - 2005 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 133 (1):73-99.
    The notions of common knowledge or common belief play an important role in several areas of computer science , in philosophy, game theory, artificial intelligence, psychology and many other fields which deal with the interaction within a group of “agents”, agreement or coordinated actions. In the following we will present several deductive systems for common knowledge above epistemic logics –such as K, T, S4 and S5 –with a fixed number of agents. We focus on structural and proof-theoretic properties of these (...)
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  46.  30
    Toward a Phenomenology of Domesticity: An Anthropological Exploration of the Place of Things in Daily Life.David Hiroshi Jager & Jacques De Visscher - 1998 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 29 (2):201-211.
    The diverse things that surround us in our daily life become virtual extensions of our corporeal life. As such, they provide an important mediating role in our relationship to our social and natural environment. This careful descriptive study of household objects attempts to widen our psychological horizons. It also contributes significantly to our understanding of art and architecture.
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  47. Reliabilism and the Extra Value of Knowledge.Wayne A. Davis & Christoph Jäger - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 157 (1):93-105.
    Goldman and Olsson ( 2009 ) have responded to the common charge that reliabilist theories of knowledge are incapable of accounting for the value knowledge has beyond mere true belief. We examine their “conditional probability solution” in detail, and show that it does not succeed. The conditional probability relation is too weak to support instrumental value, and the specific relation they describe is inessential to the value of knowledge. At best, they have described conditions in which knowledge indicates that additional (...)
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  48.  28
    The Semantic Drift: Images of Populism in Post‐War American Historiography and Their Relevance for Political Science.Anton Jäger - 2017 - Constellations 24 (3):310-323.
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  49.  18
    Variation on a Theme of Schutte.D. Probst & G. Jager - 2004 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 50 (3):258.
    Let ≺ be a primitive recursive well-ordering on the natural numbers and assume that its order-type is greater than or equal to the proof-theoretic ordinal of the theory T. We show that the proof-theoretic strength of T is not increased if we add the negation of the statement which formalizes transfinite induction along ≺.
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  50.  31
    The Evolution of Convex Categories.Gerhard Jäger - 2007 - Linguistics and Philosophy 30 (5):551-564.
    Gärdenfors (Conceptual spaces, 2000) argues that the semantic domains that natural language deals with have a geometrical structure. He gives evidence that simple natural language adjectives usually denote natural properties, where a natural property is a convex region of such a “conceptual space.” In this paper I will show that this feature of natural categories need not be stipulated as basic. In fact, it can be shown to be the result of evolutionary dynamics of communicative strategies under very general assumptions.
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