49 found
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  1.  82
    Learning From Minimal Economic Models.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2009 - Erkenntnis 70 (1):81-99.
    It is argued that one can learn from minimal economic models. Minimal models are models that are not similar to the real world, do not resemble some of its features, and do not adhere to accepted regularities. One learns from a model if constructing and analysing the model affects one’s confidence in hypotheses about the world. Economic models, I argue, are often assessed for their credibility. If a model is judged credible, it is considered to be a relevant possibility. Considering (...)
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  2.  44
    Appraising Models Nonrepresentationally.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (5):850-861.
    Many scientific models lack an established representation relation to actual targets and instead refer to merely possible processes, background conditions, and results. This article shows how such models can be appraised. On the basis of the discussion of how-possibly explanations, five types of learning opportunities are distinguished. For each of these types, an example—from economics, biology, psychology, and sociology—is discussed. Contexts and purposes are identified in which the use of a model offers a genuine opportunity to learn. These learning opportunities (...)
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  3. Nudge Versus Boost: How Coherent Are Policy and Theory?Till Grüne-Yanoff & Ralph Hertwig - 2016 - Minds and Machines 26 (1-2):149-183.
    If citizens’ behavior threatens to harm others or seems not to be in their own interest, it is not uncommon for governments to attempt to change that behavior. Governmental policy makers can apply established tools from the governmental toolbox to this end. Alternatively, they can employ new tools that capitalize on the wealth of knowledge about human behavior and behavior change that has been accumulated in the behavioral sciences. Two contrasting approaches to behavior change are nudge policies and boost policies. (...)
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  4.  18
    Why Behavioural Policy Needs Mechanistic Evidence.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2016 - Economics and Philosophy 32 (3):463-483.
  5.  2
    Reflections on the 2017 Nobel Memorial Prize Awarded to Richard Thaler.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2017 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 10 (2):61-75.
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  6.  21
    Interdisciplinary Success Without Integration.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2016 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 6 (3):343-360.
    Some scholars see interdisciplinarity as a special case of a broader unificationist program. They accept the unification of the sciences as a regulative ideal, and derive from this the normative justification of interdisciplinary research practices. The crucial link for this position is the notion of integration: integration increases the cohesion of concepts and practices, and more specifically of explanations, ontologies, methods and data. Interdisciplinary success then consists in the integration of fields or disciplines, and this constitutes success in the sense (...)
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  7.  27
    Toward a Framework for Selecting Behavioural Policies: How to Choose Between Boosts and Nudges.Till Grüne-Yanoff, Caterina Marchionni & Markus A. Feufel - 2018 - Economics and Philosophy 34 (2):243-266.
  8.  63
    From Libertarian Paternalism to Nudging—and Beyond.Adrien Barton & Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (3):341-359.
  9.  21
    Genuineness Resolved: A Reply to Reiss' Purported Paradox.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2013 - Journal of Economic Methodology 20 (3):255 - 261.
    This response to Reiss ?explanatory paradox? argues that some economic models might be true, and that many economic models are not intended for providing how-actually explanations, but rather how-possibly explanations. Therefore, two assumptions of Reiss? paradox are not true, and the paradox disappears.
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  10.  28
    Models as Products of Interdisciplinary Exchange: Evidence From Evolutionary Game Theory.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (2):386-397.
    The development of evolutionary game theory is closely linked with two interdisciplinary exchanges: the import of game theory into biology, and the import of biologists’ version of game theory into economics. This paper traces the history of these two import episodes. In each case the investigation covers what exactly was imported, what the motives for the import were, how the imported elements were put to use, and how they related to existing practices in the respective disciplines. Two conclusions emerged from (...)
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  11. Modeling Practices in the Social and Human Sciences. An Interdisciplinary Exchange.Mary S. Morgan & Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2013 - Perspectives on Science 21 (2):143-156.
    Philosophers of science studying scientific practice often consider it a methodological requirement that their conceptualization of "model" closely connects with the understanding and use of models by practicing scientists. Occasionally, this connection has been explicitly made (Hutten 1954, Suppes 1961, Morgan and Morrison 1999, Bailer-Jones 2002, Lehtinen and Kuorikoski 2007, Kuorikoski 2007, Morgan 2012a). These studies have been dominated by a focus on the—relatively similar forms of—mathematical models in physics and economics. Yet it has become increasingly evident that the way (...)
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  12.  6
    Modeling Model Selection in Model Pluralism.Till Grüne-Yanoff & Caterina Marchionni - 2018 - Journal of Economic Methodology 25 (3):265-275.
    ABSTRACTIn his recent book, Rodrik [. Economics rules. Why economics works, when it fails, and how to tell the difference. Oxford University Press] proposes an account of model pluralism according to which multiple models of the same target are acceptable as long as one model is more useful for one purpose and another is more useful for another purpose. How, then, is the right model for the purpose selected? Rodrik roughly outlines a selection procedure, which we formalize to enhance understanding (...)
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  13.  14
    Models of Temporal Discounting 1937–2000: An Interdisciplinary Exchange Between Economics and Psychology.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2015 - Science in Context 28 (4):675-713.
  14.  19
    Isolation Is Not Characteristic of Models.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2011 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 25 (2):119 - 137.
    Modelling cannot be characterized as isolating, nor models as isolations. This article presents three arguments to that effect, against Uskali Mäki's account of models. First, while isolation proceeds through a process of manipulation and control, modelling typically does not proceed through such a process. Rather, modellers postulate assumptions, without seeking to justify them by reference to a process of isolation. Second, while isolation identifies an isolation base?a concrete environment it seeks to control and manipulate?modelling typically does not identify such a (...)
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  15.  18
    Preferences.Sven Ove Hansson & Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  16.  21
    Introduction: Methodologies of Bounded Rationality.Till Grüne-Yanoff, Caterina Marchionni & Ivan Moscati - 2014 - Journal of Economic Methodology 21 (4):325-342.
    The modelling of bounded rationality is currently pursued by approaches that exhibit a wide diversity of methodologies. This special issue collects five contributions that discuss different methodological aspects of these approaches. In our introduction, we map the variety of methodological positions with respect to three questions. First, what kinds of evidence do the respective approaches consider relevant for modelling bounded rationality? Second, what kind of modelling desiderata do the respective approaches focus on? And third, how do the respective approaches justify (...)
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  17.  90
    Evolutionary Game Theory, Interpersonal Comparisons and Natural Selection: A Dilemma.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2011 - Biology and Philosophy 26 (5):637-654.
    When social scientists began employing evolutionary game theory (EGT) in their disciplines, the question arose what the appropriate interpretation of the formal EGT framework would be. Social scientists have given different answer, of which I distinguish three basic kinds. I then proceed to uncover the conceptual tension between the formal framework of EGT, its application in the social sciences, and these three interpretations. First, I argue that EGT under the biological interpretation has a limited application in the social sciences, chiefly (...)
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  18. Introduction: Interdisciplinary Model Exchanges.Till Grüne-Yanoff & Uskali Mäki - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 48:52-59.
    The five studies of this special section investigate the role of models and similar representational tools in interdisciplinarity. These studies were all written by philosophers of science, who focused on interdisciplinary episodes between disciplines and sub-disciplines ranging from physics, chemistry and biology to the computational sciences, sociology and economics. The reasons we present these divergent studies in a collective form are three. First, we want to establish model-exchange as a kind of interdisciplinary event. The five case studies, which are summarized (...)
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  19.  51
    Bounded Rationality.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2007 - Philosophy Compass 2 (3):534–563.
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  20.  6
    Preface to ‘Economic Models as Credible Worlds or as Isolating Tools?’.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2009 - Erkenntnis 70 (1):1-2.
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  21.  72
    The Explanatory Potential of Artificial Societies.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2009 - Synthese 169 (3):539 - 555.
    It is often claimed that artificial society simulations contribute to the explanation of social phenomena. At the hand of a particular example, this paper argues that artificial societies often cannot provide full explanations, because their models are not or cannot be validated. Despite that, many feel that such simulations somehow contribute to our understanding. This paper tries to clarify this intuition by investigating whether artificial societies provide potential explanations. It is shown that these potential explanations, if they contribute to our (...)
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  22.  51
    Preface to 'Economic Models as Credible Worlds or as Isolating Tools?'.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2009 - Erkenntnis 70 (1):1 - 2.
  23.  55
    Teaching Philosophy of Science to Scientists: Why, What and How.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2014 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 4 (1):115-134.
    This paper provides arguments to philosophers, scientists, administrators and students for why science students should be instructed in a mandatory, custom-designed, interdisciplinary course in the philosophy of science. The argument begins by diagnosing that most science students are taught only conventional methodology: a fixed set of methods whose justification is rarely addressed. It proceeds by identifying seven benefits that scientists incur from going beyond these conventions and from acquiring abilities to analyse and evaluate justifications of scientific methods. It concludes that (...)
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  24.  31
    Appraising Non-Representational Models.Till Grüne-Yanoff - unknown
    Many scientific models are non-representational in that they refer to merely possible processes, background conditions and results. The paper shows how such non-representational models can be appraised, beyond the weak role that they might play as heuristic tools. Using conceptual distinctions from the discussion of how-possibly explanations, six types of models are distinguished by their modal qualities of their background conditions, model processes and model results. For each of these types, an actual model example – drawn from economics, biology, psychology (...)
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  25. Action Explanations Are Not Inherently Normative.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2008 - Theoria 74 (1):60-78.
    "Though this be madness, yet there is method in't." Hamlet , act II, scene ii Abstract: Inherent normativity is the claim that intentional action explanations necessarily have to comply with normatively understood rationality constraints on the ascribed propositional attitudes. This paper argues against inherent normativity in three steps. First, it presents three examples of actions successfully explained with propositional attitudes, where the ascribed attitudes violate relevant rationality constraints. Second, it argues that the inference rules that systematise propositional attitudes are qualitatively (...)
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  26.  6
    Dancing at Gunpoint. A Review of Herbert Gintis's The Bounds of Reason: Game Theory and the Unification of the Behavioral Sciences. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009, 304 Pp. [REVIEW]Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2010 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 3 (2):111.
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  27.  42
    Preference Change and Conservatism: Comparing the Bayesian and the AGM Models of Preference Revision.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2013 - Synthese 190 (14):2623-2641.
    Richard Bradley’s Bayesian model of preference kinematics is compared with Sven Ove Hansson’s AGM-style model of preference revision. Both seek to model the revision of preference orders as a consequence of retaining consistency when some preferences change. Both models are often interpreted normatively, as giving advice on how an agent should revise her preferences. I raise four criticisms of the Bayesian model: it is unrealistic; it neglects an important change mechanism; it disregards endogenous information relevant to preference change, in particular (...)
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  28.  32
    Beneficial Safety Decreases.Till Grüne-Yanoff & Holger Rosencrantz - 2011 - Theory and Decision 70 (2):195-213.
    We construct a model of rational choice under risk with biased risk judgement. On its basis, we argue that sometimes, a regulator aiming at maximising social welfare should affect the environment in such a way that it becomes ‘less safe’ in common perception. More specifically, we introduce a bias into each agent’s choice of optimal risk levels: consequently, in certain environments, agents choose a behaviour that realises higher risks than intended. Individuals incur a welfare loss through this bias. We show (...)
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  29.  36
    John B. Davis, Alain Marciano and Jochen Runde (Eds.), The Elgar Companion to Economics and Philosophy, Edward Elgar (2004), 509+XXII Pp., Isbn 1-84064-964-X. [REVIEW]Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2006 - Theoria 72 (3):253-258.
  30.  43
    Proposition-Preferences and World-Preferences.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 5:147-152.
    This paper discusses the meaning of expressed preference statements. A holistic explanation of preferences is proposed: preference relations between propositions are explained by preference relations over worlds. Only those world-preferences function as explanans which are maximally similar to the actual world, and which are maximally similar to each other. The concept of similarity as intuitive is rejected, and is interpreted instead with reference to causal structure: 'closest to the actual world' is interpreted as compatible with the causal structure of the (...)
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  31.  15
    Review of The Elgar Companion to Economics and Philosophy by JB Davis, A. Marciano and J. Runde. [REVIEW]Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2006 - Theoria 72 (3):253-258.
  32.  24
    Relations Between Theory and Model in Psychology and Economics.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2013 - Perspectives on Science 21 (2):196-201.
    For Jari-Erik Nurmi, the practice of model-making in psychology is a complex process operating on different levels simultaneously. At first sight, his account seems to reflect Suppes' (1962) notion of a hierarchy of models: from low-level data models to high-level theoretical models, where at each level the model represents "structure" at a different degree of abstraction, and the levels are connected through structural isomorphism.1In this commentary, I want to complement and perhaps somewhat redirect Nurmi's analysis of his own modeling efforts—away (...)
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  33.  22
    Mismeasuring the Value of Statistical Life.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2009 - Journal of Economic Methodology 16 (2):109-123.
    The value of a statistical life (VSL) is an important tool for cost?benefit analysis of regulatory policies that concern fatality risks. Its proponents claim that it measures people's risk preferences, and that VSL therefore is a tool of vicarious governance. This paper criticizes the revealed preference method for measuring VSL. It specifies three minimal conditions for vicarious governance: sensitivity, fairness and hypothetical compromise, and shows that the VSL measure, in its common application in policy formation and analysis, violates these conditions. (...)
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  34.  13
    A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and its Evolution.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2015 - Journal of Economic Methodology 22 (1):128-134.
  35.  7
    Proposition-Preferences and World-Preferences: Connecting the Two Levels.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 5:147-152.
    This paper discusses the meaning of expressed preference statements. A holistic explanation of preferences is proposed: preference relations between propositions are explained by preference relations over worlds. Only those world-preferences function as explanans which are maximally similar to the actual world, and which are maximally similar to each other. The concept of similarity as intuitive is rejected, and is interpreted instead with reference to causal structure: 'closest to the actual world' is interpreted as compatible with the causal structure of the (...)
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  36.  14
    11 Why Don't You Want to Be Rich? Preference Explanation on the Basis of Causal Structure.Till Grune-Yanoff - 2007 - In J. K. Campbell, M. O'Rourke & H. S. Silverstein (eds.), Causation and Explanation. MIT Press. pp. 4--217.
  37.  5
    Review of Cognitive Economics. An Interdisciplinary Approach. [REVIEW]Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2006 - Economics and Philosophy 22 (3):448-455.
  38.  8
    Behavioural Public Policy, Edited by Adam Olivier. Cambridge University Press, Xv + 235 Pages.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2015 - Economics and Philosophy 31 (3):500-506.
  39. Credibility as a Criterion for Model Appraisal in Economics.Till Grüne-Yanoff - unknown
    Economists evaluate their models in terms of credibility. For example, Rothschild and Stiglitz argued from a model of a completive insurance market that under the “plausible” (632) assumption of information asymmetry, one can “credibly” infer the non-existence of equilibria in specific situations – despite the fact that, as they admit, the real ‘market … for insurance is probably not competitive’ (648).1 Another example is Richard Thaler’s column on anomalies of (micro-) economic theory. From 1987 to 2001, he headed every article (...)
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  40.  8
    Cognitive Economics. An Interdisciplinary Approach, Paul Bourgine and Jean-Pierre Nadal, Eds. Springer, 2004, XIV + 479 Pages. [REVIEW]Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2006 - Economics and Philosophy 22 (3):448-455.
  41. Game Theory.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2008 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
     
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  42.  3
    Review of The Structure of Values and Norms, by SO Hansson. [REVIEW]Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2004 - Economics and Philosophy 20 (2):396-403.
  43. Till Grüne-Yanoff and Sven Ove Hansson Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm Gryne@Infra.Kth.Se.Till Grüne-Yanoff - unknown
    We propose to model preference change as the change of an agent’s preference state in response to the agent accepting a preference affect. The preference state of an agent is ruled by various inferential commitments. Accepting a preference affect will likely bring the preference state into inconsistency. The model shows how the preference state needs to be adjusted to restore consistency. In particular, it shows which path restoration will take, conditional on the previous preference state and the available dynamic information, (...)
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  44. Framing.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2016 - In Gertrude Hirsch Hadorn & Sven Hansson (eds.), The Argumentative Turn in Policy Analysis. Springer Verlag.
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  45. Game-Theoretic Models, Stories, and Their Assessment.Till Grüne-Yanoff - unknown
    Ever since game theory has become a dominant mode of investigation in economics, critics have pointed out that it is a formally strong but empirically weak, if not empty, practice.1 We argue against the empirical irrelevance of game theory by investigating the architecture of game theoretic explanations more closely. In particular, we study the role of game models, and find that they assume the role of mediators as autonomous relaters of theory and phenomena. We further argue that stories play an (...)
     
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  46. Hume's Framework for a Natural History of the Passions.Till Grüne-Yanoff - unknown
    In pretending therefore to explain the principles of human nature, we in effect propose a compleat system of the sciences, built on a foundation almost entirely new, and the only one upon which they can stand with any security.
     
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  47. Review. [REVIEW]Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2006 - Theoria 72 (3):253-258.
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  48. REVIEWS-The Elgar Companion to Economics and Philosophy.Till Grune-Yanoff, J. B. Davis, A. Marciano & J. Runde - 2006 - Theoria 72 (3):253.
  49. Preference Change: Approaches From Philosophy, Economics and Psychology.Mats J. Hansson & Till Grüne-Yanoff (eds.) - 2008 - Springer, Theory and Decision Library A.
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