Results for 'Till Gruene-Yanoff'

459 found
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  1.  12
    Hansson, Sven Ove, the Structure of Values and Norms, Cambridge University Press, 2001.Till Gruene - 2004 - Economics and Philosophy 20 (2):396-403.
  2.  6
    Die Araber Und Die Antike Wissenschaftstheorie: [Übersetzung Aus Dem Ungarischen von Johanna Till Und Gábor Kerekes].Miklos Maróth, Johanna Till & Gábor Kerekes - 1994 - Brill.
    The book then discusses another group of issues ("whether it is, what it is, how and why it is"), which determined the argumentation, the axiomatic ordering of the sciences, and concludes with a demonstration on the basis of concrete ...
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  3. Till Grüne-Yanoff and Sven Ove Hansson Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm Gryne@Infra.Kth.Se.Till Grüne-Yanoff - unknown
    We propose to model preference change as the change of an agent’s preference state in response to the agent accepting a preference affect. The preference state of an agent is ruled by various inferential commitments. Accepting a preference affect will likely bring the preference state into inconsistency. The model shows how the preference state needs to be adjusted to restore consistency. In particular, it shows which path restoration will take, conditional on the previous preference state and the available dynamic information, (...)
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  4. Folk Psychological Realism Without Representational Commitments - the Measurement- Theoretic Account Revisited.Till Gruene-Yanoff - manuscript
    Standardly, mental properties like beliefs, desires, fears, etc. are analysed as relations between the agent, to whom the predicate is ascribed, and a proposition, which is the intentional content of this property. According to this relational analysis, having a thought implies having its content present to the mind. This has wide-ranging philosophical implications, e.g. for the possibility of children and animals having intentional mental properties, or for the problem of knowing one’s own thoughts. Further, according to the relational analysis, the (...)
     
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  5.  18
    Cancer-Related Electronic Support Groups as Navigation-Aids: Overcoming Geographic Barriers.James E. Till - 2004 - Till, James E. (2004) Cancer-Related Electronic Support Groups as Navigation-Aids.
    Cancer-related electronic support groups (ESGs) may be regarded as a complement to face-to-face groups when the latter are available, and as an alternative when they are not. Advantages over face-to-face groups include an absence of barriers imposed by geographic location, opportunities for anonymity that permit sensitive issues to be discussed, and opportunities to find peers online. ESGs can be especially valuable as navigation aids for those trying to find a way through the healthcare system and as a guide to the (...)
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  6.  5
    The Interdisciplinarity of Collaborations in Cognitive Science.Bergmann Till, Dale Rick, Sattari Negin, Heit Evan & S. Bhat Harish - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (5):1412-1418.
    We introduce a new metric for interdisciplinarity, based on co-author publication history. A published article that has co-authors with quite different publication histories can be deemed relatively “interdisciplinary,” in that the article reflects a convergence of previous research in distinct sets of publication outlets. In recent work, we have shown that this interdisciplinarity metric can predict citations. Here, we show that the journal Cognitive Science tends to contain collaborations that are relatively high on this interdisciplinarity metric, at about the 80th (...)
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  7.  29
    Becoming Dislocated On Bauman's Subjective Culture.Chris Till - 2013 - Thesis Eleven 118 (1):116-124.
    Three of Zygmunt Bauman’s recent books are assessed to present insights into the recent development of his thought and the challenges it poses to the social sciences, humanities and the wider public. By reading Bauman’s recent work through the influence he takes from Georg Simmel, the former’s disparate recent work is understood as an attempt at the cultivation of critical and ethical engagement through the externalization and objectification of his own subjective culture. The more radical elements of Bauman’s work are (...)
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  8.  23
    Architects of Time Labouring on Digital Futures.Chris Till - 2013 - Thesis Eleven 118 (1):33-47.
    Drawing on critical analyses of the internet inspired by Gilles Deleuze and the Marxist autonomia movement, this paper suggests a way of understanding the impact of the internet and digital culture on identity and social forms through a consideration of the relationship between controls exercised through the internet, new subjectivities constituted through its use and new labour practices enabled by it. Following Castells, we can see that the distinction between user, consumer and producer is becoming blurred and free labour is (...)
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  9.  14
    Principlism and the Ethical Appraisal of Clinical Trials.Eric M. Meslin, Heather J. Sutherland, James V. Lavery & James E. Till - 1995 - Bioethics 9 (4):399–418.
  10.  16
    Ronald Syme: Sallust. Aus dem Englischen übersetzt von Udo W. Scholz. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft Darmstadt 1975, VII, 368 pp. [REVIEW]Rudolf Till - 1978 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 30 (4):370-371.
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  11.  6
    Ethnography and Participant Observation.Annette Watson & Karen E. Till - 2010 - In Dydia DeLyser (ed.), The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Geography. Sage Publications. pp. 121--137.
  12.  8
    What's Missing From Current Clinical Trial Guidelines? A Framework for Integrating Science, Ethics, and the Community Context.H. J. Sutherland, E. M. Meslin & J. E. Till - 1994 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 5 (4):297-303.
    The purpose of the work was to produce a framework to guide the development of meritorious clinical trial proposals. The framework consists of essential features of rigourous methodology, ethical acceptability, and a component referred to as "community context". These three domains were woven together in a checklist format under the headings of general, scientific and ethical considerations. Since texts concerning clinical trial methodology do not integrate ethics criteria and ethics guidelines do not provide detailed scientific criteria in obvious and practical (...)
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  13.  8
    Artemis - Cicerone: Athen von Günther Wachmeier. München 1976.Rudolf Till - 1978 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 30 (1):96-96.
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  14.  1
    Architects of Time.Chris Till - 2013 - Thesis Eleven 118 (1):33-47.
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  15.  7
    Extended Review of Sandford Kwinter's' Architectures of Time: Towards a Theory of the Event in Modernist Culture'.Jeremy Till - 2002 - Radical Philosophy 113:47-48.
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  16.  2
    Judging the Ethical Merit of Clinical Trials: What Criteria Do Research Ethics Board Members Use?Eric M. Meslin, James V. Lavery, Heather J. Sutherland & James E. Till - forthcoming - IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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  17.  2
    Eisenman's Banana', Extended Review of Andrew Benjamin's' Architectural Philosophy.Jeremy Till - 2001 - Radical Philosophy 108:48-50.
  18.  1
    Coptica Consilio Et Impensis Instituti Rask-Oerstediani Edita. IV. Die Achmîmische Version der Zwölf Kleinen ProphetenThe Cambridge Ancient History. Volume VII: The Hellenistic Kingdoms and the Rise of RomeCoptica Consilio Et Impensis Instituti Rask-Oerstediani Edita. IV. Die Achmimische Version der Zwolf Kleinen Propheten. [REVIEW]H. M., Walter Till, S. A. Cook, F. E. Adcock & M. P. Charlesworth - 1929 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 49:126.
  19.  1
    Effects of Orienting Tasks and Instructions About Associative Structure on Free Recall and Clustering.Robert E. Till, Carroll D. Johnston & James J. Jenkins - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 6 (4):349-351.
  20. Monadologie. Franzosisch und deutsch. Mit der « Lebens-Beschreibung des Herrn von Leibnitz verfaBt von dem Herrn Fontenelle ».Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Heinrich Köhler & D. Till - 1997 - Studia Leibnitiana 29 (2):223-224.
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  21. Age-Differences in Memory for Orientation and Location of Repeated Pictures.Re Till, Jc Bartlett & Mj Sharps - 1987 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 25 (5):330-330.
     
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  22. Costas Panayotakis, Remaking Scarcity: From Capitalist Inefficiency to Economic Democracy.Jeremy Till - 2012 - Radical Philosophy 173:56.
  23. Das Doppelte Erhabene: Eine Argumentationsfigur von der Antike Bis Zum Beginn des 19. Jahrhunderts.Dietmar Till - 2006 - Niemeyer.
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  24. Encoding-Retrieval Interactions in Memory for Implicational Sentences.Robert E. Till - 1983 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (3):171-174.
  25. Ibn Sīnā Und Die Peripatetische „Aussagenlogik".J. Till - 1995 - Philosophy East and West 45 (2):281-286.
     
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  26. Rhetorik der Aufklärung – Aufklärung der Rhetorik.Dietmar Till - 2013 - In Eric Achermann (ed.), Johann Christoph Gottsched : Philosophie, Poetik Und Wissenschaft. De Gruyter. pp. 241-250.
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  27. Brief Quiet Ego Contemplation Reduces Oxidative Stress and Mind-Wandering.Heidi A. Wayment, Ann F. Collier, Melissa Birkett, Tinna Traustadóttir & Robert E. Till - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  28. Models and Simluations.Roman Frigg, Stephan Hartmann & Cyrille Imbert - 2009 - Synthese 169 (3).
    Special issue. With contributions by Anouk Barberouse, Sarah Francescelli and Cyrille Imbert, Robert Batterman, Roman Frigg and Julian Reiss, Axel Gelfert, Till Grüne-Yanoff, Paul Humphreys, James Mattingly and Walter Warwick, Matthew Parker, Wendy Parker, Dirk Schlimm, and Eric Winsberg.
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  29.  24
    Appraising Models Nonrepresentationally.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (5):850-861.
    Many scientific models lack an established representation relation to actual targets and instead refer to merely possible processes, background conditions, and results. This article shows how such models can be appraised. On the basis of the discussion of how-possibly explanations, five types of learning opportunities are distinguished. For each of these types, an example—from economics, biology, psychology, and sociology—is discussed. Contexts and purposes are identified in which the use of a model offers a genuine opportunity to learn. These learning opportunities (...)
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  30.  70
    Learning From Minimal Economic Models.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2009 - Erkenntnis 70 (1):81-99.
    It is argued that one can learn from minimal economic models. Minimal models are models that are not similar to the real world, do not resemble some of its features, and do not adhere to accepted regularities. One learns from a model if constructing and analysing the model affects one’s confidence in hypotheses about the world. Economic models, I argue, are often assessed for their credibility. If a model is judged credible, it is considered to be a relevant possibility. Considering (...)
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  31.  66
    Nudge Versus Boost: How Coherent Are Policy and Theory?Till Grüne-Yanoff & Ralph Hertwig - 2016 - Minds and Machines 26 (1-2):149-183.
    If citizens’ behavior threatens to harm others or seems not to be in their own interest, it is not uncommon for governments to attempt to change that behavior. Governmental policy makers can apply established tools from the governmental toolbox to this end. Alternatively, they can employ new tools that capitalize on the wealth of knowledge about human behavior and behavior change that has been accumulated in the behavioral sciences. Two contrasting approaches to behavior change are nudge policies and boost policies. (...)
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  32.  1
    Models of Temporal Discounting 1937–2000: An Interdisciplinary Exchange Between Economics and Psychology.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2015 - Science in Context 28 (4):675-713.
  33.  11
    Genuineness Resolved: A Reply to Reiss' Purported Paradox.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2013 - Journal of Economic Methodology 20 (3):255 - 261.
    This response to Reiss ?explanatory paradox? argues that some economic models might be true, and that many economic models are not intended for providing how-actually explanations, but rather how-possibly explanations. Therefore, two assumptions of Reiss? paradox are not true, and the paradox disappears.
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  34. Modeling Practices in the Social and Human Sciences. An Interdisciplinary Exchange.Mary S. Morgan & Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2013 - Perspectives on Science 21 (2):143-156.
    Philosophers of science studying scientific practice often consider it a methodological requirement that their conceptualization of "model" closely connects with the understanding and use of models by practicing scientists. Occasionally, this connection has been explicitly made (Hutten 1954, Suppes 1961, Morgan and Morrison 1999, Bailer-Jones 2002, Lehtinen and Kuorikoski 2007, Kuorikoski 2007, Morgan 2012a). These studies have been dominated by a focus on the—relatively similar forms of—mathematical models in physics and economics. Yet it has become increasingly evident that the way (...)
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  35.  20
    The Roles of Stories in Applying Game Theory.Till Grüne‐Yanoff & Paul Schweinzer - 2008 - Journal of Economic Methodology 15 (2):131-146.
    Game?theoretic models consist of a formal game structure and an informal model narrative or story. When game theory is employed to model economic situations, the stories play a central role in interpreting, constructing and solving game structures. We analyse the architecture of game theory and distinguish between game models and the theory proper. We present the different functions of the model narrative in the application of game models to economic situations. In particular, we show how model narratives support the choice (...)
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  36.  9
    Introduction: Methodologies of Bounded Rationality.Till Grüne-Yanoff, Caterina Marchionni & Ivan Moscati - 2014 - Journal of Economic Methodology 21 (4):325-342.
    The modelling of bounded rationality is currently pursued by approaches that exhibit a wide diversity of methodologies. This special issue collects five contributions that discuss different methodological aspects of these approaches. In our introduction, we map the variety of methodological positions with respect to three questions. First, what kinds of evidence do the respective approaches consider relevant for modelling bounded rationality? Second, what kind of modelling desiderata do the respective approaches focus on? And third, how do the respective approaches justify (...)
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  37.  11
    Preferences.Sven Ove Hansson & Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  38.  34
    Evolutionary Game Theory, Interpersonal Comparisons and Natural Selection: A Dilemma.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2011 - Biology and Philosophy 26 (5):637-654.
    When social scientists began employing evolutionary game theory (EGT) in their disciplines, the question arose what the appropriate interpretation of the formal EGT framework would be. Social scientists have given different answer, of which I distinguish three basic kinds. I then proceed to uncover the conceptual tension between the formal framework of EGT, its application in the social sciences, and these three interpretations. First, I argue that EGT under the biological interpretation has a limited application in the social sciences, chiefly (...)
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  39.  18
    Models as Products of Interdisciplinary Exchange: Evidence From Evolutionary Game Theory.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (2):386-397.
    The development of evolutionary game theory is closely linked with two interdisciplinary exchanges: the import of game theory into biology, and the import of biologists’ version of game theory into economics. This paper traces the history of these two import episodes. In each case the investigation covers what exactly was imported, what the motives for the import were, how the imported elements were put to use, and how they related to existing practices in the respective disciplines. Two conclusions emerged from (...)
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  40.  13
    Isolation Is Not Characteristic of Models.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2011 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 25 (2):119 - 137.
    Modelling cannot be characterized as isolating, nor models as isolations. This article presents three arguments to that effect, against Uskali Mäki's account of models. First, while isolation proceeds through a process of manipulation and control, modelling typically does not proceed through such a process. Rather, modellers postulate assumptions, without seeking to justify them by reference to a process of isolation. Second, while isolation identifies an isolation base?a concrete environment it seeks to control and manipulate?modelling typically does not identify such a (...)
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  41.  39
    Bounded Rationality.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2007 - Philosophy Compass 2 (3):534–563.
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  42.  88
    Action Explanations Are Not Inherently Normative.Till Grüne-yanoff - 2008 - Theoria 74 (1):60-78.
    "Though this be madness, yet there is method in't." Hamlet , act II, scene ii Abstract: Inherent normativity is the claim that intentional action explanations necessarily have to comply with normatively understood rationality constraints on the ascribed propositional attitudes. This paper argues against inherent normativity in three steps. First, it presents three examples of actions successfully explained with propositional attitudes, where the ascribed attitudes violate relevant rationality constraints. Second, it argues that the inference rules that systematise propositional attitudes are qualitatively (...)
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  43.  67
    The Explanatory Potential of Artificial Societies.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2009 - Synthese 169 (3):539 - 555.
    It is often claimed that artificial society simulations contribute to the explanation of social phenomena. At the hand of a particular example, this paper argues that artificial societies often cannot provide full explanations, because their models are not or cannot be validated. Despite that, many feel that such simulations somehow contribute to our understanding. This paper tries to clarify this intuition by investigating whether artificial societies provide potential explanations. It is shown that these potential explanations, if they contribute to our (...)
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  44.  42
    From Libertarian Paternalism to Nudging—and Beyond.Adrien Barton & Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (3):341-359.
  45.  32
    Preface to 'Economic Models as Credible Worlds or as Isolating Tools?'.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2009 - Erkenntnis 70 (1):1 - 2.
  46.  38
    Introduction: Interdisciplinary Model Exchanges.Till Grüne-Yanoff & Uskali Mäki - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 48:52-59.
    The five studies of this special section investigate the role of models and similar representational tools in interdisciplinarity. These studies were all written by philosophers of science, who focused on interdisciplinary episodes between disciplines and sub-disciplines ranging from physics, chemistry and biology to the computational sciences, sociology and economics. The reasons we present these divergent studies in a collective form are three. First, we want to establish model-exchange as a kind of interdisciplinary event. The five case studies, which are summarized (...)
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  47.  29
    Beneficial Safety Decreases.Till Grüne-Yanoff & Holger Rosencrantz - 2011 - Theory and Decision 70 (2):195-213.
    We construct a model of rational choice under risk with biased risk judgement. On its basis, we argue that sometimes, a regulator aiming at maximising social welfare should affect the environment in such a way that it becomes ‘less safe’ in common perception. More specifically, we introduce a bias into each agent’s choice of optimal risk levels: consequently, in certain environments, agents choose a behaviour that realises higher risks than intended. Individuals incur a welfare loss through this bias. We show (...)
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  48.  34
    Preference Change and Conservatism: Comparing the Bayesian and the AGM Models of Preference Revision.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2013 - Synthese 190 (14):2623-2641.
    Richard Bradley’s Bayesian model of preference kinematics is compared with Sven Ove Hansson’s AGM-style model of preference revision. Both seek to model the revision of preference orders as a consequence of retaining consistency when some preferences change. Both models are often interpreted normatively, as giving advice on how an agent should revise her preferences. I raise four criticisms of the Bayesian model: it is unrealistic; it neglects an important change mechanism; it disregards endogenous information relevant to preference change, in particular (...)
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  49.  36
    Teaching Philosophy of Science to Scientists: Why, What and How.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2014 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 4 (1):115-134.
    This paper provides arguments to philosophers, scientists, administrators and students for why science students should be instructed in a mandatory, custom-designed, interdisciplinary course in the philosophy of science. The argument begins by diagnosing that most science students are taught only conventional methodology: a fixed set of methods whose justification is rarely addressed. It proceeds by identifying seven benefits that scientists incur from going beyond these conventions and from acquiring abilities to analyse and evaluate justifications of scientific methods. It concludes that (...)
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  50.  14
    Why Behavioural Policy Needs Mechanistic Evidence.Till Grüne-Yanoff - 2016 - Economics and Philosophy 32 (3):463-483.
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