Results for 'Tim S. Roberts'

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  1. Some Thoughts About the Hardest Logic Puzzle Ever.Tim S. Roberts - 2001 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 30 (6):609-612.
    "The Hardest Logic Puzzle Ever" was first described by the late George Boolos in the Spring 1996 issue of the Harvard Review of Philosophy. Although not dissimilar in appearance from many other simpler puzzles involving gods (or tribesmen) who always tell the truth or always lie, this puzzle has several features that make the solution far from trivial. This paper examines the puzzle and describes a simpler solution than that originally proposed by Boolos.
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  2.  9
    Distributional Versus Singular Approaches to Probability and Errors in Probabilistic Reasoning.Tim Reeves & Robert S. Lockhart - 1993 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 122 (2):207.
  3.  52
    True Religion in Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion.Tim Black & Robert Gressis - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 25 (2):244-264.
    Many think that the aim of Hume’s Dialogues is simply to discredit the design argument for the existence of an intelligent designer. We think instead that the Dialogues provides a model of true religion. We argue that, for Hume, the truly religious person: believes that an intelligent designer created and imposed order on the universe; grounds this belief in an irregular argument rooted in a certain kind of experience, for example, in the experience of anatomizing complex natural systems such as (...)
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  4.  8
    MAO-A Phenotype Effects Response Sensitivity and the Parietal Old/New Effect During Recognition Memory.Robert S. Ross, Andrew Smolen, Tim Curran & Erika Nyhus - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  5. 10. Robert S. Taylor, Reconstructing Rawls: The Kantian Foundations of Justice as Fairness Robert S. Taylor, Reconstructing Rawls: The Kantian Foundations of Justice as Fairness (Pp. 632-637). [REVIEW]Mark Schroeder, Jonathan Way, Gregg Strauss, Tim Willenken, Matthew Talbert, Angela M. Smith, James A. Montmarquet, Nicole Hassoun, Virginia Held & Nicholas Wolterstorff - 2012 - Ethics 122 (3).
  6.  11
    Trust, but Verify: MD&A Language and the Role of Trust in Corporate Culture.Robert Audi, Tim Loughran & Bill McDonald - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 139 (3):551-561.
    Trust is both ethically important and essential for business but difficult to measure. This paper contributes toward clarifying the nature of trust in a way that is both conceptually helpful for ethical inquiries concerning business and pertinent to the measurement of trust as an element in organizations. Several papers hypothesize that increasing the role of trust in a corporation reduces the need for external monitoring and contracts. Assessing this important hypothesis requires a way to gauge whether a firm has a (...)
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  7.  44
    Does Payment For Order Flow To Your Broker Help Or Hurt You?Robert H. Battalio & Tim Loughran - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (1):37-44.
    The presumption is that a broker executing a stock trade for a retail investor will get the investor the best possible price execution for the transaction. In fact, the broker often sells the retail investor’s trade to an intermediary for cash payment. The broker’s motivation to generate dealer profits seems to overcome the broker’s fiduciary responsibility to obtain the best execution price for the customer, raising ethical questions. Purchasers and internalizers of order flow in the market may cause prices quoted (...)
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  8.  1
    Identifying and Characterizing Scientific Authority-Related Misinformation Discourse About Hydroxychloroquine on Twitter Using Unsupervised Machine Learning.Tim K. Mackey, Jiawei Li & Michael Robert Haupt - 2021 - Big Data and Society 8 (1).
    This study investigates the types of misinformation spread on Twitter that evokes scientific authority or evidence when making false claims about the antimalarial drug hydroxychloroquine as a treatment for COVID-19. Specifically, we examined tweets generated after former U.S. President Donald Trump retweeted misinformation about the drug using an unsupervised machine learning approach called the biterm topic model that is used to cluster tweets into misinformation topics based on textual similarity. The top 10 tweets from each topic cluster were content coded (...)
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  9.  48
    Broad Consent for Research With Biological Samples: Workshop Conclusions.Christine Grady, Lisa Eckstein, Ben Berkman, Dan Brock, Robert Cook-Deegan, Stephanie M. Fullerton, Hank Greely, Mats G. Hansson, Sara Hull, Scott Kim, Bernie Lo, Rebecca Pentz, Laura Rodriguez, Carol Weil, Benjamin S. Wilfond & David Wendler - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (9):34-42.
    Different types of consent are used to obtain human biospecimens for future research. This variation has resulted in confusion regarding what research is permitted, inadvertent constraints on future research, and research proceeding without consent. The National Institutes of Health Clinical Center's Department of Bioethics held a workshop to consider the ethical acceptability of addressing these concerns by using broad consent for future research on stored biospecimens. Multiple bioethics scholars, who have written on these issues, discussed the reasons for consent, the (...)
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  10.  23
    A Single Instrument: Engineering and Engineering Technology Students Demonstrating Competence in Ethics and Professional Standards.Charles R. Feldhaus, Robert M. Wolter, Stephen P. Hundley & Tim Diemer - 2006 - Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (2):291-311.
    This paper details efforts by the Purdue School of Engineering and Technology at Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis to create a single instrument for honors science, technology, engineering and mathematics students wishing to demonstrate competence in the IUPUI Principles of Undergraduate Learning and Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology Engineering Accreditation Criterion and Technology Accreditation Criterion 2, a through k. Honors courses in Human Behavior, Ethical Decision-Making, Applied Leadership, International Issues and Leadership Theories and Processes were created along with a (...)
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  11. Democracy and the Claims of Nature: Critical Perspectives for a New Century.Wilson Carey McWilliams, Bob Pepperman Taylor, Bryan G. Norton, Robyn Eckersley, Joe Bowersox, J. Baird Callicott, Catriona Sandilands, John Barry, Andrew Light, Peter S. Wenz, Luis A. Vivanco, Tim Hayward, John O'Neill, Robert Paehlke, Timothy W. Luke, Robert Gottlieb & Charles T. Rubin (eds.) - 2002 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In Democracy and the Claims of Nature, the leading thinkers in the fields of environmental, political, and social theory come together to discuss the tensions and sympathies of democratic ideals and environmental values. The prominent contributors reflect upon where we stand in our understanding of the relationship between democracy and the claims of nature. Democracy and the Claims of Nature bridges the gap between the often competing ideals of the two fields, leading to a greater understanding of each for the (...)
     
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  12.  6
    Political Corruption: The Underside of Civic Morality by Robert Alan Sparling.Tim Stuart-Buttle - 2021 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 59 (2):338-339.
    As Nietzsche famously declared, only that which has no history can be defined. Robert Sparling's superb book shows that corruption is a concept with a history. Although Political Corruption is ordered chronologically, it is expressly not a linear account of how one modern definition of corruption evolved. History instead discloses how the concept has been deployed in a variety of modes in occidental political philosophy, seven of which are recovered here: from Erasmus's focus on the moral integrity of the prince (...)
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  13. Cognitive Penetration and the Reach of Phenomenal Content.Robert Briscoe - 2015 - In Athanassios Raftopoulos & John Zeimbekis (eds.), Cognitive Penetrability. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter critically assesses recent arguments that acquiring the ability to categorize an object as belonging to a certain high-level kind can cause the relevant kind property to be represented in visual phenomenal content. The first two arguments, developed respectively by Susanna Siegel (2010) and Tim Bayne (2009), employ an essentially phenomenological methodology. The third argument, developed by William Fish (2013), by contrast, is supported by an array of psychophysical and neuroscientific findings. I argue that while none of these arguments (...)
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  14.  21
    Artists Draw A Blank.Tim Gilman - 2011 - Continent 1 (3):208-212.
    continent. 1.3 (2011): 208-212. … intervals of destructuring paradoxically carry the momentum for the ongoing process by which thought and perception are brought into relation toward transformative action. —Brian Massumi, Parables for the Virtual: Movement, Affect, Sensation 1 Facing a blank canvas or blank page is a moment of pure potential, one that can be enervating or paralyzing. It causes a pause, a hesitation, in anticipation of the moment of inception—even of one that never comes. The implication is that the (...)
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  15.  5
    Mind As Motion: Explorations in the Dynamics of Cognition.Tim van Gelder & Robert Port (eds.) - 1995 - MIT Press.
    The first comprehensive presentation of the dynamical approach to cognition. It contains a representative sampling of original, current research on topics such as perception, motor control, speech and language, decision making, and development.
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  16.  43
    How a Single Personal Revelation Might Not Be a Source of Knowledge.Tim Mawson - 2003 - Religious Studies 39 (3):347-357.
    Many of those who come to a belief in the God of classical theism do so solely as a result of having had an experience which they believe it is reasonable for them to interpret as a revelation of His existence directly and graciously given to them by God Himself. I shall argue that – at least in the first instance – such people should probably not think of themselves as knowing that there is a God if they are also (...)
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  17.  7
    Ethical Intuitionism and the Problem of Dogmatism.Thomas Meyer & Tim Rojek - 2018 - In Johannes Müller-Salo (ed.), Robert Audi: Critical Engagements. Springer Verlag. pp. 141-152.
    In this paper, we try to confront Robert Audis moral epistemology, namely his intuitionism, based on the concept of a self-evident moral proposition, with two main problems: disagreement and dogmatism within moral discourse. Although Audi can meet those classical objections in his theory, we think that some problems remain. We proceed – after an introduction – in five sections in order to pursue this end. After a short introductory section, we first reconstruct the classical intuitionist moral epistemology. We then discuss (...)
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  18.  38
    Against Cumulative Type Theory.Tim Button & Robert Trueman - forthcoming - Review of Symbolic Logic.
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  19. Tim’s Sexy Girl-Goddess and the Tale of the British Raisin.Bo C. Klintberg - 2008 - Philosophical Plays 1 (2):1-129.
    CATEGORY: Philosophy play; historical fiction; comedy; social criticism. -/- STORYLINE: Tim, a physics professor with a certain taste for young female university students, recently got a new appointment at a London university. But, as it turns out, he is still unsatisfied. Why? Is it because Rachael unexpectedly left him under strange circumstances? Or does it have to do with his sudden departure from another university? Or is it his research? When Tim meets Christianus for a brown-bag discussion on philosophy and (...)
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  20.  23
    Sustainable Development and the International Whaling Commission's Moratorium on Commercial Whaling.Linda A. Cotterrell & Tim S. Gray - 1998 - Philosophy and Geography 1 (2):183 – 195.
    To many observers, the moratorium on commercial whaling, which came into force under the aegis of the International Whaling Commission (IWC) in 1986, is both a moral and an environmental victory. Moreover, many governments have found it to be an advantageous, easy and costless policy to support. However, a critical analysis of the diverse viewpoints of IWC member states, especially those expressed by the delegations of the United Kingdom, Norway and Japan at the 1996 Annual Meeting of the IWC in (...)
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  21.  9
    Sustainable Development and the International Whaling Commission's Moratorium on Commercial Whaling.Linda A. Cotterrell & Tim S. Gray - 1998 - Ethics, Place and Environment 1 (2):183-195.
    To many observers, the moratorium on commercial whaling, which came into force under the aegis of the International Whaling Commission in 1986, is both a moral and an environmental victory. Moreover, many governments have found it to be an advantageous, easy and costless policy to support. However, a critical analysis of the diverse viewpoints of IWC member states, especially those expressed by the delegations of the United Kingdom, Norway and Japan at the 1996 Annual Meeting of the IWC in Aberdeen, (...)
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  22. Tim’s Ajax.Lawrence Dugan - 2009 - Arion 17 (2).
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  23.  47
    An Autonomy-Based Justification for Intellectual Property Rights of Indigenous Communities.Anthony J. Stenson & Tim S. Gray - 1999 - Environmental Ethics 21 (2):177-190.
    The claim that indigenous communities are entitled to have intellectual property rights (IPRs) to both their plant varieties and their botanical knowledge has been put forward by writers who wish to protect the plant genetic resources of indigenous communities from uncompensated use by biotechnological transnational corporations. We argue that while it is necessary for indigenous communities to have suchrights, the entitlement argument is an unsatisfactory justification for them. A more convincing foundation for indigenous community IPRs is the autonomy theory developed (...)
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  24. Spencer Political Writings, Ed. John Offer. [REVIEW]Tim S. Gray - 1994 - History of Political Thought 15 (1):135.
  25.  12
    Mathematical Fortune-Telling.Tim S. Hatamian - 2001 - Complexity 6 (5):27-40.
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  26.  3
    Spatial Filter Combination in Human Pattern Vision: Channel Interactions Revealed by Adaptation.Tim S. Meese & Mark A. Georgeson - 1996 - In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview. pp. 25--3.
  27.  14
    The How and Why of Consciousness?Tim S. Meese - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  28.  38
    Property and the State: A Discussion of Robert Nozick's Anarchy, State, and UtopiaAnarchy, State, and Utopia.Milton Fisk & Robert Nozick'S. - 1980 - Noûs 14 (1):99.
  29. Kant's Virtue Ethics: Robert B. Louden.Robert B. Louden - 1986 - Philosophy 61 (238):473 - 489.
    Among moral attributes true virtue alone is sublime. … [I]t is only by means of this idea [of virtue] that any judgment as to moral worth or its opposite is possible. … Everything good that is not based on a morally good disposition … is nothing but pretence and glittering misery. 1.
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  30. Rawls’s Defense of the Priority of Liberty: A Kantian Reconstruction.Robert S. Taylor - 2003 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 31 (3):246–271.
    Rawls offers three arguments for the priority of liberty in Theory, two of which share a common error: the belief that once we have shown the instrumental value of the basic liberties for some essential purpose (e.g., securing self-respect), we have automatically shown the reason for their lexical priority. The third argument, however, does not share this error and can be reconstructed along Kantian lines: beginning with the Kantian conception of autonomy endorsed by Rawls in section 40 of Theory, we (...)
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  31. Free Will and Indeterminism: Robert Kane’s Libertarianism.Robert Francis Allen - 2005 - Journal of Philosophical Research 30:341-355.
    Drawing on Aristotle’s notion of “ultimate responsibility,” Robert Kane argues that to be exercising a free will an agent must have taken some character forming decisions for which there were no sufficient conditions or decisive reasons.<sup>1</sup> That is, an agent whose will is free not only had the ability to develop other dispositions, but could have exercised that ability without being irrational. To say it again, a person has a free will just in case her character is the product of (...)
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  32.  34
    The Restaurant Food Hot Potato: Stop Passing It on—A Commentary on Mah and Timming’s, ‘Equity in Public Health Ethics: The Case of Menu Labelling Policy at the Local Level’.Kathryn L. MacKay - 2015 - Public Health Ethics 8 (1):90-93.
    In the case discussion, ‘Equity in Public Health Ethics: The Case of Menu Labelling Policy at the Local Level’ , Mah and Timming state that menu labelling would ‘place requirements for information disclosure on private sector food businesses, which, as a policy instrument, is arguably less intrusive than related activities such as requiring changes to the food content’. In this commentary on Mah and Timming’s case study, I focus on discussing how menu-labelling policy permits governments to avoid addressing the heart (...)
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  33.  17
    The Planetary Theory of Ibn Al-Shāṭir.E. S. Kennedy & Victor Roberts - 1959 - Isis 50 (3):227-235.
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  34.  4
    Noise, Economy, and the Emergence of Information Structure in a Laboratory Language.Jon S. Stevens & Gareth Roberts - 2019 - Cognitive Science 43 (2):e12717.
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  35. J. S. Mill's Language of Pleasures*: Robert W. Hoag.Robert W. Hoag - 1992 - Utilitas 4 (2):247-278.
    A significant feature of John Stuart Mill's moral theory is the introduction of qualitative differences as relevant to the comparative value of pleasures. Despite its significance, Mill presents his doctrine of qualities of pleasures in only a few paragraphs in the second chapter of Utilitarianism, where he begins the brief discussion by saying: utilitarian writers in general have placed the superiority of mental over bodily pleasures chiefly … in their circumstantial advantages rather than in their intrinsic nature.… [B]ut they might (...)
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  36.  27
    Love and Ruin(S): Robert Frost on Moral Repair.Jeff Frank - 2011 - Educational Theory 61 (5):587-600.
    This essay begins where Alasdair MacIntyre's After Virtue begins: facing a moral world in ruin. MacIntyre argues that this predicament leaves us with a choice: we can follow the path of Friedrich Nietzsche, accepting this moral destruction and attempting to create lives in a rootless, uncertain world, or the path of Aristotle, working to reclaim a world in which close‐knit communities sustain human practices that make it possible for us to flourish. Jeff Frank rejects MacIntyre's framework and in this essay (...)
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  37.  9
    The Languages of China.W. South Coblin & S. Robert Ramsey - 1988 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 108 (4):644.
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  38.  46
    Free Will and Indeterminism: Robert Kane’s Libertarianism.Robert Francis Allen - 2005 - Journal of Philosophical Research 30:341-355.
    Drawing on Aristotle’s notion of “ultimate responsibility,” Robert Kane argues that to be exercising a free will an agent must have taken some character forming decisions for which there were no sufficient conditions or decisive reasons. That is, an agent whose will is free not only had the ability to develop values and beliefs besides those that presently make up her motives, but could have exercised that ability without being irrational. An agent wills freely, on this view, by beingultimately responsible (...)
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  39.  23
    Replies.Review author[S.]: Robert Brandom - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (1):189-204.
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  40. Anthony J. Stenson and Tim S. Gray, The Politics of Genetic Resource Control.G. Dutfield - 2001 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 4:68-70.
     
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  41.  30
    The Astronomer’s Role in the Sixteenth Century: A Preliminary Study.Robert S. Westman - 1980 - History of Science 18 (2):105-147.
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  42.  14
    Rawls's Defense of the Priority of Liberty: A Kantian Reconstruction.Robert S. Taylor - 2003 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 31 (3):246-271.
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  43.  6
    Review of Epicurus and Democritean Ethics: An Archaeology of Ataraxia, by James Warren, Cambridge University Press. [REVIEW]Tim S. O'Keefe - unknown
  44.  1
    S. Robert Lichter;, Stanley Rothman. Environmental Cancer: A Political Disease? Xiv + 235 Pp., Figs., Tables, Bibl., Index. New Haven, Conn./London: Yale University Press, 1999. $35 ; $17. [REVIEW]James T. Bennett - 2003 - Isis 94 (3):515-516.
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  45. What Does a Pyrrhonist Know?Review author[S.]: Robert J. Fogelin - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (2):417-425.
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  46. French Cinema's Left Turn.A. Violent Peace & Robert Guédiguian’S. - 2002 - Historical Materialism 10 (2):219-227.
     
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  47.  23
    Monsanto's Robert Shapiro.Mary Scott - 1996 - Business Ethics 10 (1):47-50.
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  48.  6
    Monsanto’s Robert Shapiro.Mary Scott - 1996 - Business Ethics: The Magazine of Corporate Responsibility 10 (1):47-50.
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  49. Almeder, Robert, Human Happiness and Morality: A Brief Introduction to Ethics (Amherst: Prometheus Books, 2000), 211 Pages. Audi, Robert, Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge (London: Routledge, 1998), 340 Pages. [REVIEW]Robert Baird, Reagan Ramsower, Stuart E. Rosenbaum, Victoria Davion, Clark Wolf, John Martin Fischer, S. J. Mark Ravizza, Margaret Gilbert, Christopher W. Gowans & Jorge J. Gracia - 2000 - The Journal of Ethics 4:419-422.
     
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  50. The Internal Disclosure Policies of Private-Sector Employers: An Initial Look at Their Relationship to Employee Whistleblowing. [REVIEW]Tim Barnett, Daniel S. Cochran & G. Stephen Taylor - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (2):127 - 136.
    Whistleblowers have usually been treated as outcasts by private-sector employers. But legal, ethical, and practical considerations increasingly compel companies to encourage employees to disclose suspected illegal and/or unethical activities throughinternal communication channels. Internal disclosure policies/procedures (IDPP''s) have been recommended as one way to encourage such communication.This study examined the relationship between IDPP''s and employee whistleblowing among private-sector employers. Almost 300 human resources executives provided data concerning their organizations'' experiences.
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