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  1.  3
    Moral Implications of Coercion.Timo Airaksinen - 1988 - Philosophie Et Culture: Actes du XVIIe Congrès Mondial de Philosophie 3:361-364.
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  2.  39
    On Time Travel.Timo Airaksinen - 1980 - Dialectics and Humanism 7 (1):113-121.
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  3. Berkeley and the Justification of Beliefs.Timo Airaksinen - 1987 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 48 (2):235-256.
    This paper analyzes berkeley's philosophy in the light of modern epistemology and philosophy of mind. It is shown that our knowledge of spatio-Temporal bodies cannot be certain. Certainty is restricted to the realm of sensory ideas themselves. But there is hardly any reason to be interested in ideas as such. Berkeley is a common sense thinker who wants to know the world and its scientific laws. Bodies are constructed on the basis of both real and imaginary ideas. This topic is (...)
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  4.  63
    Great Books, Bad Arguments: Republic, Leviathan and The Communist Manifesto.Timo Airaksinen - 2011 - Hobbes Studies 24 (2):192-195.
  5.  33
    Thomas Hobbes's Many States of Nature.Timo Airaksinen - 2007 - Acta Philosophica Fennica 83:21-35.
  6. The Philosophy of H.P. Lovecraft the Route to Horror.Timo Airaksinen - 1999
     
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  7.  52
    Values in Mackie's Error Theory of Ethics.Timo Airaksinen - 1983 - Inquiry 26 (4):467 – 475.
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  8.  29
    Coercion, Deterrence, and Authority.Timo Airaksinen - 1984 - Theory and Decision 17 (2):105-117.
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  9.  16
    Meaning and Knowledge.Timo Airaksinen - 1981 - Dialectics and Humanism 8 (1):113-122.
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  10.  20
    Kant on Hobbes, Peace, and Obedience.Timo Airaksinen & Arto Siitonen - 2004 - History of European Ideas 30 (3):315-328.
    Kant's essay ‘On the common saying: “This may be true in theory, but it does not apply in practice”’ contains a chapter ‘On the relationship of theory to practice in political right’ to which he added, in brackets, ‘’. The problem is that Kant leaves his Hobbes-criticism implicit. The main point seems to be the Hobbes's citizens are without any rights. We explore the differences and similarities between Kant's and Hobbes's political views and evaluate the effectiveness of Kant's criticism. We (...)
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  11.  11
    Meaning and Knowledge: The Place of Criteria in Epistemology.Timo Airaksinen - 1981 - Dialectics and Humanism 8 (1):113-122.
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  12. Hobbes War Among Nations.Timo Airaksinen & Martin A. Bertman - 1989
  13.  33
    Starting with Hobbes.Timo Airaksinen - 2010 - Hobbes Studies 23 (2):189-192.
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  14.  1
    On Nonfoundationalistic Theories of Epistemic Justification.Timo Airaksinen - 1981 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 19 (4):403-412.
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  15.  6
    In the Upper Room.Timo Airaksinen - 2015 - Philosophy and Theology 27 (2):427-456.
    This paper describes Berkeley’s ethics and analyses its metaphysical presuppositions. His ethical though is based on the theological idea of virtue that means obedience to God’s will and, hence, all ethically relevant concepts contain a reference to God. Berkeley also says that happiness in this vale of tears is God’s gift to us and a reward of virtue in heaven. Happiness is a sign and criterion of virtuous conduct. Obviously this kind of supernatural ethics can work only if its metaphysical (...)
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  16.  14
    Five Types of Knowledge.Timo Airaksinen - 1978 - American Philosophical Quarterly 15 (4):263 - 274.
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  17.  25
    Insanity, Crime and the Structure of Freedom in Hegel.Timo Airaksinen - 1989 - Social Theory and Practice 15 (2):155-178.
  18.  6
    Active Principles and Trinities in Berkeley's Siris.Timo Airaksinen - 2010 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 135 (1):57.
    La Siris est une série d’arguments qui aboutit à Dieu. D’abord, Dieu est un principe métaphysique qui, par causalité, régit le monde, ou macrocosme. Mais les paragraphes terminaux de la Siris traitent de Dieu dans une perspective théologique : Berkeley introduit la notion de Trinité et la relie à ses raisonnements antérieurs. Il dit que le Père, le Fils et l’Esprit correspondent aux notions philosophiques de soleil, de lumière et de chaleur. J’étudie ces paragraphes théologiques et leur articulation avec ce (...)
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  19.  19
    Berkeley and Newton on Gravity in Siris.Timo Airaksinen - 2010 - In Silvia Parigi (ed.), George Berkeley: Religion and Science in the Age of Enlightenment. Springer.
  20. David Boonin-Vail, Thomas Hobbes and the Science of Moral Virtue Reviewed By.Timo Airaksinen - 1995 - Philosophy in Review 15 (4):230-232.
     
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  21.  33
    Moral Education and Democracy in the School.Timo Airaksinen - 1982 - Synthese 51 (1):117 - 134.
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  22.  20
    Absolutely Certain Beliefs.Timo Airaksinen - 1985 - Philosophy Research Archives 11:393-406.
    This paper presents a critical review and discussion of three recent major theories of epistemic scepticism. Odegard and Rescher both agree that real knowledge entails certain beliefs. But they both fail to see how beliefs could be absolutely certain. Klein’s book, Certainty: A Refutationof Scepticism, presents the strongest possible view in favor of absolute certainty. I pay attention to its technical details and development by Klein. My conclusion is that Klein’s theory rests on some presupposed ideas that are either counterintuitive (...)
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  23.  15
    D. M. Gross, The Secret History of Emotion: From Aristotles Rhetoric to Modern Brain Science. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2006, X+194 Pp. ISBN-13: 978-0-226-30980-4, Paperback ($ 22). [REVIEW]Timo Airaksinen - 2012 - Hobbes Studies 25 (2):233-235.
    This paper discusses sovereignty and examines in detail Hobbes's debates with the two leading legal theorists of his day, Coke and Hale, both Lord Chief Justices of the King's Bench. I argue that Hobbes came to change his mind somewhat about the desirability of divided sovereignty by the time, near the end of his life, that he wrote the Dialogue . But I also argue that Hobbes should have developed more than a very thin conception of the rule of law. (...)
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  24. SA Lloyd, Ideals as Interests in Hobbes's Leviathan: The Power of Mind Over Matter Reviewed By.Timo Airaksinen - 1992 - Philosophy in Review 12 (5):340-342.
  25.  11
    Against All the Odds: Machiavelli on Fortune in Politics.Timo Airaksinen - 2011 - In Leonidas Donskis (ed.), Niccolò Machiavelli: History, Power, and Virtue. Rodopi. pp. 226--3.
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  26.  23
    Kant's Elusive Self: Problems of Paralogisms.Arto Siitonen & Timo Airaksinen - 1988 - Metaphilosophy 19 (3‐4):329-336.
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  27.  22
    On Nonfoundationalistic Theories of Epistemic Justification.Timo Airaksinen - 1981 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 19 (4):403-412.
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  28.  17
    Hobbes on the Passions and Powerlessness.Timo Airaksinen - 1993 - Hobbes Studies 6 (1):80-104.
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  29.  10
    Active Principles and Trinities in Berkeley's "Siris".Timo Airaksinen - 2010 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 200 (1):57 - 70.
    Berkeley's Siris is a chain of arguments which ends in God. First God is a metaphysical principle causally regulating the world or Macrocosm. But in the final paragraphs of Siris, God is treated in a theological perspective. This is to say that Berkeley introduces the idea of the Trinity and relates it to the rest of his chain argument. He says that Father, Son, and Spirit correspond to the philosophical notions of sun, light, and heat. I study the final theological (...)
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  30.  9
    The Journal of Value Inquiry Relies on a Raft of Referees to Review Submis-Sions. The Reports of the Referees Call for Considerable Expertise and Careful Judgment. Referees Generally Write Several Reports Annually. Many Referees Have Gone Well Beyond Their Initial Allotments. All Have Done a Sterling Job. We Thank Them and Acknowledge Their Important Work Here. [REVIEW]William Aiken, Sander Lee, Timo Airaksinen, Owen McLeod, Paul Allen Iii, Marcia Moen, Mahlon W. Barnes, Jan Narveson, Raymond Belliotti & Lisa Newton - 1997 - Journal of Value Inquiry 31:595-595.
  31.  9
    Rhetoric and Corpuscularism in Berkeley's Siris.Timo Airaksinen - 2011 - History of European Ideas 37 (1):23-34.
    Berkeley's Siris may be an unduly neglected treatise. Yet it reveals and confirms its author's philosophical ambitions and achievements. The greatest of them is his theory of causality. Berkeley tries to show that agents can influence the world by using ethereal corpuscles as their instruments. These particles are both material but also in some sense immaterial or occult because they both follow and do not follow the laws of nature. Siris is a rhetorical text which uses analogy, metaphor, paradox, and (...)
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  32. Kant, acerca de Hobbes, la paz y la obediencia.Timo Airaksinen & Arto Siitonen - 2005 - Philosophica 28:5-21.
    El presente trabajo muestra cómo, a pesar de que Kant y Hobbes parten del supuesto de una natural belicosodad de los seres humanos y una tendencia hacia la desobediencia, cada uno arriba a soluciones radicalmente diferentes. Kant, en el escrito Acerca del dicho: ¿Esto puede ser verdad en teoría pero no en la práctica¿ contiene un capítulo expresamente contra Hobbes y, fundado en las tesis de la Ilustración, intenta salvar el derecho de los subditos frente al monarca, no obstante que (...)
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  33.  8
    Social Time and Place.Timo Airaksinen - 1985 - Man and World 18 (1):99-105.
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  34. On the foundations of rescher's coherence theory of truth.Timo Airaksinen - 1979 - Logique Et Analyse 22 (85):147.
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  35.  13
    Justified Coercion.Timo Airaksinen - 1990 - Social Philosophy Today 3:21-40.
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  36.  17
    Medical Ethics in Finland: Some Recent Trends.Timo Airaksinen & Manu J. Vuorio - 1988 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 9 (3).
    This paper reviews the research done in Finland on medical ethics in the last three years and published in four leading journals. The general characteristics of this area are discussed and some comments on its most conspicuous representatives are offered. The conclusion reached is that medical ethics in Finland is still in a rather embryonic stage of development, and that more systematic and theoretically sophisticated approaches are required. However, since many physicians have become interested in ethical questions, it can be (...)
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  37.  16
    Problems in Hegel's Dialectic of Feeling.Timo Airaksinen - 1980 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 41 (1/2):1-25.
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  38.  15
    In Defence of “Hard” Offers: A Reply to J.P. Day.Matti Häyry & Timo Airaksinen - 1990 - Philosophia 20 (3):325-327.
    In commenting on our earlier article in IPhilosophiaD, J P Day raises four issues: those concerning (1) the correct interpretation of the concept of "conditional offers," (2) the relationship of hard conditional offers to liberty, (3) the role of preferences in distinguishing offers from threats, and (4) the moral wrongness of some forms of offering. Two of these points, the second and the third, give rise to some further argument.
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  39.  13
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Timo Airaksinen, Stewart Shapiro & W. Stephen Croddy - 1984 - Philosophia 14 (3-4):427-467.
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  40.  5
    Praxiological Efficiency in Hetereogeneous Professional Ethics.Timo Airaksinen - 2002 - In Leo V. Ryan, F. Byron Nahser & Wojciech Gasparski (eds.), Praxiology and Pragmatism. Transaction Publishers. pp. 10--71.
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  41. Los diversos estados de naturaleza en Thomas Hobbes.Timo Airaksinen - 2004 - Philosophica 27:5-16.
    Hobbes elabora una concepción clave de estado de naturaleza, al que denomino el fundamental; lo complemento al agregar su versión moderada que ilustro con una historia acerca de los antiguos islandeses y sus Sagas. Respetaban sus leyes, a pesar de que no podían exigir su cumplimiento. La vida en dicha sociedad era grosera y embrutecida, pero no pobre o solitaria. Finalmente se instituyó el gobierno del rey noruego. Sin embargo, Hobbes necesita un concepto social adicional que se comprenda en referencia (...)
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  42. Review: Costica Bradatan, The Other Bishop Berkeley: An Exercise in Reenchantment. [REVIEW]Timo Airaksinen - 2008 - Berkeley Studies 19:44-46.
     
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  43.  9
    Original Populations and Environmental Rights.Timo Airaksinen - 1988 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 5 (1):37-47.
  44. Reseña Del Libro "Starting with Hobbes".Timo Airaksinen - 2010 - Hobbes Studies 23 (2):189-192.
     
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  45. RE Ewin, Virtues and Rights: The Moral Philosophy of Thomas Hobbes Reviewed By.Timo Airaksinen - 1992 - Philosophy in Review 12 (2):100-101.
     
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  46.  5
    Book Review:Naturalism and Social Science: A Post-Empiricist Philosophy of Social Science David Thomas. [REVIEW]Timo Airaksinen - 1982 - Philosophy of Science 49 (1):144-.
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  47.  1
    D. M. Gross, The Secret History of Emotion: From Aristotle’s Rhetoric to Modern Brain Science. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2006, X + 194 Pp. ISBN-13: 978-0-226-30980-4, Paperback. [REVIEW]Timo Airaksinen - 2012 - Hobbes Studies 25 (2):233-235.
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  48.  5
    Hard and Soft Offers as Constraints.Matti Häyry & Timo Airaksinen - 1988 - Philosophia 18 (4):385-398.
  49.  2
    Book Review:The Philosophy of Nicholas Rescher: Discussion and Replies Ernest Sosa. [REVIEW]Timo Airaksinen - 1983 - Philosophy of Science 50 (1):169-.
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  50. Absolutely Certain Beliefs: Odegard, Rescher and Klein.Timo Airaksinen - 1985 - Philosophy Research Archives 11:393-406.
    This paper presents a critical review and discussion of three recent major theories of epistemic scepticism. Odegard and Rescher both agree that real knowledge entails certain beliefs. But they both fail to see how beliefs could be absolutely certain. Klein’s book, Certainty: A Refutationof Scepticism, presents the strongest possible view in favor of absolute certainty. I pay attention to its technical details and development by Klein. My conclusion is that Klein’s theory rests on some presupposed ideas that are either counterintuitive (...)
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