41 found
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  1.  46
    Towards an Evolutionary Biosemiotics: Semiotic Selection and Semiotic Co-Option. [REVIEW]Timo Maran & Karel Kleisner - 2010 - Biosemiotics 3 (2):189-200.
    In biosemiotics, living beings are not conceived of as the passive result of anonymous selection pressures acted upon through the course of evolution. Rather, organisms are considered active participants that influence, shape and re-shape other organisms, the surrounding environment, and eventually also their own constitutional and functional integrity. The traditional Darwinian division between natural and sexual selection seems insufficient to encompass the richness of these processes, particularly in light of recent knowledge on communicational processes in the realm of life. Here, (...)
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  2.  9
    Humans on Top, Humans among the Other Animals: Narratives of Anthropological Difference.Filip Jaroš & Timo Maran - 2019 - Biosemiotics 12 (3):381-403.
    The relationship of humans to other primates – both in terms of abilities and evolution - has been an age-old topic of dispute in science. In this paper the claim is made that the different views of authors are based not so much on differences in empirical evidence, but on the ontological stances of the authors and the underlying ground narratives that they use. For comparing and reconciling the views presented by the representatives of, inter alia, cognitive ethology, comparative psychology, (...)
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  3.  3
    Humans on Top, Humans among the Other Animals: Narratives of Anthropological Difference.Filip Jaroš & Timo Maran - 2019 - Biosemiotics 12 (3):381-403.
    The relationship of humans to other primates – both in terms of abilities and evolution - has been an age-old topic of dispute in science. In this paper the claim is made that the different views of authors are based not so much on differences in empirical evidence, but on the ontological stances of the authors and the underlying ground narratives that they use. For comparing and reconciling the views presented by the representatives of, inter alia, cognitive ethology, comparative psychology, (...)
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  4.  7
    Phenomenology and Biosemiotics.Morten Tønnessen, Timo Maran & Alexei Sharov - 2018 - Biosemiotics 11 (3):323-330.
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  5.  47
    How Can the Study of the Humanities Inform the Study of Biosemiotics?Donald Favareau, Kalevi Kull, Gerald Ostdiek, Timo Maran, Louise Westling, Paul Cobley, Frederik Stjernfelt, Myrdene Anderson, Morten Tønnessen & Wendy Wheeler - 2017 - Biosemiotics 10 (1):9-31.
    This essay – a collection of contributions from 10 scholars working in the field of biosemiotics and the humanities – considers nature in culture. It frames this by asking the question ‘Why does biosemiotics need the humanities?’. Each author writes from the background of their own disciplinary perspective in order to throw light upon their interdisciplinary engagement with biosemiotics. We start with Donald Favareau, whose originary disciplinary home is ethnomethodology and linguistics, and then move on to Paul Cobley’s contribution on (...)
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  6.  22
    Semiotic Interpretations of Biological Mimicry.Timo Maran - 2007 - Semiotica 2007 (167):223-248.
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  7.  10
    Towards Synthesis of Biology and Semiotics.Alexei Sharov, Timo Maran & Morten Tønnessen - 2015 - Biosemiotics 8 (1):1-7.
    The journal Biosemiotics was envisioned by its founding editor, Marcello Barbieri, as a major periodical for interdisciplinary papers that integrate biology and semiotics. Since 2008 the journal has published 21 issues, including special issues on crucial problems such as the semiotics of perception, origins of mind, code biology, biohermeneutics, biosemiotic analysis of information and chance. The impact factor of the journal does not fully describe the significance of this journal, because the discipline of biosemiotics is young and remains in its (...)
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  8.  4
    Humans on Top, Humans among the Other Animals: Narratives of Anthropological Difference.Filip Jaroš & Timo Maran - 2019 - Biosemiotics 12 (3):381-403.
    The relationship of humans to other primates – both in terms of abilities and evolution - has been an age-old topic of dispute in science. In this paper the claim is made that the different views of authors are based not so much on differences in empirical evidence, but on the ontological stances of the authors and the underlying ground narratives that they use. For comparing and reconciling the views presented by the representatives of, inter alia, cognitive ethology, comparative psychology, (...)
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  9.  17
    Comprehending the Semiosis of Evolution.Alexei Sharov, Timo Maran & Morten Tønnessen - 2016 - Biosemiotics 9 (1):1-6.
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  10.  14
    The First Decade of Biosemiotics.Timo Maran, Alexei Sharov & Morten Tønnessen - 2017 - Biosemiotics 10 (3):315-318.
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  11.  17
    Becoming a Sign: The Mimic’s Activity in Biological Mimicry.Timo Maran - 2011 - Biosemiotics 4 (2):243-257.
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  12.  49
    Mimesis as a Phenomenon of Semiotic Communication.Timo Maran - 2003 - Sign Systems Studies 31 (1):191-215.
    The concept of mimesis is not very often used in the contemporary semiotic dialogue. This article introduces several views on this concept, and on the basis of these, mimesis is comprehended as a phenomenon of communication. By highlighting different semantic dimensions of the concept, mimesis is seen as being composed of phases of communication and as such, it is connected with imitation, representation, iconicity and other semiotic concepts.
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  13.  5
    Dimensions of Zoosemiotics: Introduction.Timo Maran - 2014 - Semiotica 2014 (198):1-10.
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  14.  24
    Why Was Thomas A. Sebeok Not a Cognitive Ethologist? From “Animal Mind” to “Semiotic Self”.Timo Maran - 2010 - Biosemiotics 3 (3):315-329.
    In the current debates about zoosemiotics its relations with the neighbouring disciplines are a relevant topic. The present article aims to analyse the complex relations between zoosemiotics and cognitive ethology with special attention to their establishers: Thomas A. Sebeok and Donald R. Griffin. It is argued that zoosemiotics and cognitive ethology have common roots in comparative studies of animal communication in the early 1960s. For supporting this claim Sebeok’s works are analysed, the classical and philosophical periods of his zoosemiotic views (...)
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  15.  19
    Scaffolding and Mimicry: A Semiotic View of the Evolutionary Dynamics of Mimicry Systems.Timo Maran - 2015 - Biosemiotics 8 (2):211-222.
    The article discusses evolutionary aspects of mimicry from a semiotic viewpoint. The concept of semiotic scaffolding is used for this approach, and its relations with the concepts of exaptation and semiotic co-option are explained. Different dimensions of scaffolding are brought out as ontogenetic, evolutionary, physiological and cognitive. These dimensions allow for interpreting mimicry as a system that scaffolds itself. With the help of a number of mimicry cases, e.g. butterfly eyespots, brood parasitism, and plant mimesis, the evolutionary dynamics of mimicry (...)
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  16.  10
    Emergence of the “Howling Foxes”: A Semiotic Analysis of Initial Interpretations of the Golden Jackal in Estonia.Timo Maran - 2015 - Biosemiotics 8 (3):463-482.
    The article attempts to bridge semiotics with species conservation and management. Biosemiotic and cultural semiotic methodology is applied in the analysis of a case study – the early occurrence of the golden jackal in Estonia. Nine semi-structured interviews were carried out with the local inhabitants of the Matsalu region, professional zoologists and environmental officials who were involved in the golden jackals’ discourse. The interviews were analyzed for interactions between golden jackals and humans, expected ecological effects of golden jackals, communication between (...)
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  17.  4
    On the Diversity of Environmental Signs: A Typological Approach.Timo Maran - 2017 - Biosemiotics 10 (3):355-368.
    Environmental signs as physically manifested signs that we and other animals perceive and interpret in the natural environment are seldom focused on in contemporary semiotics. The aim of the present paper is to highlight the diversity of environmental signs and to propose a typology for analysing them. Combining ecosemiotics and the pragmatist semiotics of C. Peirce and C. Morris, the proposed typology draws its criteria from the properties of the object and the representamen of the sign, and of their relationships. (...)
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  18.  22
    Enchantment of the Past and Semiocide. Remembering Ivar Puura.Timo Maran - 2013 - Sign Systems Studies 41 (1):146-149.
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  19.  20
    Semiotic Modeling of Mimicry with Reference to Brood Parasitism.Timo Maran - 2010 - Sign Systems Studies 38 (1/4):349-376.
    Biological mimicry can be considered as having a double-layered structure: there is a layer of ecological relations between species and there is a layer of semiotic relations of the sign. The present article demonstrates the limitations of triadic models and typologies of mimicry, as well as their lack of correspondence to mimicry as it actually occurs in nature. It is argued that more dynamical semiotic tools are needed to describe mimicry in a theoretically coherent way that would at the same (...)
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  20.  28
    Mimicry.Timo Maran - 2001 - Sign Systems Studies 29 (1):325-338.
    Mimicry has been an important topic for biology since the rise of the Darwinian theory of evolution. However. by its very narure mimicry is a sign process and the quest for understanding mimicry in biology has intrinsically always been a semiotic quest. In this paper various theories since Henry W. Bates will be examined to show how the concept of mimicry has been shifted from perceptual resemblance to a particular communicative structure. A concept of mimicry will then be formulated which (...)
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  21.  39
    Journals of Semiotics in the World.Kalevi Kull & Timo Maran - 2013 - Sign Systems Studies 41 (1):140-145.
    Hereby we provide a list of all semiotic journals currently published in the world, which includes 53 titles. From among these, 42 are printed on paper (among them six international journals on general semiotics, 16 journals specializing in some branch of semiotics, and 20 regional semiotics journals), while 11 appearonly as electronic publications. All in all, these journals publish articles in 16 languages.
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  22.  3
    Ecological Repertoire Analysis: a Method of Interaction-Based Semiotic Study for Multispecies Environments.Timo Maran - 2020 - Biosemiotics 13 (1):63-75.
    In the present times of global environmental change, there is growing need for qualitative methods that would describe the meanings and significance of living environments. This paper proposes ecological repertoire analysis as a qualitative observation-based method for the environmental humanities. The method proceeds from theories relevant for ecosemiotics — ecofield analysis, umwelt theory, and perceptual affordance — and takes the event to be a basic unit of study. Interaction events are defined as any observable significant interactions between participants and understood (...)
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  23.  4
    Jesper Hoffmeyer’s Biosemiotic Legacy.Morten Tønnessen, Alexei Sharov & Timo Maran - 2019 - Biosemiotics 12 (3):357-363.
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  24.  2
    Jesper Hoffmeyer’s Biosemiotic Legacy.Morten Tønnessen, Alexei Sharov & Timo Maran - 2019 - Biosemiotics 12 (3):357-363.
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  25. A Note on the Semiotics of Biological Mimicry.Timo Maran - 1999 - Σημιοτκή-Sign Systems Studies 1:139-147.
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  26.  6
    Introduction to Signs and Communication in Mimicry.Karel Kleisner & Timo Maran - 2019 - Biosemiotics 12 (1):1-6.
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  27.  11
    Gardens and Gardening: An Ecosemiotic View.Timo Maran - 2004 - Semiotica 2004 (150).
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  28.  31
    Mimees kui semiootilise kommunikatsiooni nähtus. Kokkuvõte.Timo Maran - 2003 - Sign Systems Studies 31 (1):215-215.
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  29.  23
    Introduction.Timo Maran & Ester Võsu - 2010 - Sign Systems Studies 38 (1/4):9-17.
    This issue of Sign Systems Studies includes twelve papers on semiotics of resemblance. Readers competent in semiotics may argue that there is no such field as semiotics of resemblance and they would indeed be right. In this case, resemblance should be considered to be an umbrella term that covers various concepts, such as iconicity, iconic signs, similarity, analogy, categorization, metaphors, mimesis, mimicry, onomatopoeia, and others. These terms are used in different fields within and outside of semiotics. Accordingly, semiotics of resemblance (...)
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  30.  23
    Jakob von Uexküll Centre, Since 1993.Riin Magnus, Timo Maran & Kalevi Kull - 2004 - Sign Systems Studies 32 (1-2):375-378.
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  31.  1
    Jesper Hoffmeyer’s Biosemiotic Legacy.Morten Tønnessen, Alexei Sharov & Timo Maran - 2019 - Biosemiotics 12 (3):357-363.
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  32.  16
    John Maynard Smithi loomasignaalide tüpoloogia semiootilisest vaatenurgast. Kokkuvõte.Timo Maran - 2009 - Sign Systems Studies 37 (3/4):497-497.
    Approaches to animal communication have for the most part been quite different in semiotics and evolutionary biology. In this context the writings of a leading evolutionary biologist who has also been attracted to semiotics — John Maynard Smith — are an interesting exception and object of study. The present article focuses on the use and adaptation of semiotic terminology in Maynard Smith’s works with reference to general theoretical premises both in semiotics and evolutionary biology. In developing a typology of animal (...)
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  33.  11
    Organisms Reshape Sign Relations.Alexei Sharov, Timo Maran & Morten Tønnessen - 2015 - Biosemiotics 8 (3):361-365.
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  34.  14
    Editors' Comment.Kalevi Kull, Kati Lindström, Mihhail Lotman, Timo Maran & Silvi Salupere - 2011 - Sign Systems Studies 39 (2/4):9-11.
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  35.  9
    К проблеме синтеза методологии экосемиотики.Timo Maran - 2007 - Sign Systems Studies 35 (1-2):293-294.
    The aim of the article is to elaborate ecosemiotics towards practical methodology of analysis. For that, the article first discusses the relation between meaning and context seen as a possibility for an ecological view immanent in semiotics. Then various perspectives in ecosemiotics are analyzed by describing biological and cultural ecosemiotics and critically reading the ecosemiotic works of W. Nöth and K. Kull. Emphasizes is laid on the need to integrate these approaches so that the resulting synthesis would both take into (...)
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  36.  7
    Типология сигналов животных джона мейнарда смита с семиотической точки зрения. Резюме.Timo Maran - 2009 - Sign Systems Studies 37 (3/4):496-496.
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  37.  8
    Mimikri.Timo Maran - 2001 - Sign Systems Studies 29 (1):339-339.
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  38.  6
    Mimikri semiootiline modelleerimine viitega pesaparasitismile. Kokkuvõte.Timo Maran - 2010 - Sign Systems Studies 38 (1/4):377-377.
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  39.  7
    Семиотическое моделирование мимикрии на примере гнездового паразитизма. Резюме.Timo Maran - 2010 - Sign Systems Studies 38 (1/4):376-377.
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  40.  8
    Maailma semiootikaajakirjad. Kokkuvõte.Kalevi Kull & Timo Maran - 2013 - Sign Systems Studies 41 (1):145-145.
    Hereby we provide a list of all semiotic journals currently published in the world, which includes 53 titles. From among these, 42 are printed on paper, while 11 appearonly as electronic publications. All in all, these journals publish articles in 16 languages.
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  41.  4
    Ökosemiootika metodoloogia sünteesi poole.Timo Maran - 2007 - Sign Systems Studies 35 (1-2):294-294.
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