132 found
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  1.  13
    In Defense of Irreligious Bioethics.Timothy F. Murphy - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (12):3-10.
    Some commentators have criticized bioethics as failing to engage religion both as a matter of theory and practice. Bioethics should work toward understanding the influence of religion as it represents people's beliefs and practices, but bioethics should nevertheless observe limits in regard to religion as it does its normative work. Irreligious skepticism toward religious views about health, healthcare practices and institutions, and responses to biomedical innovations can yield important benefits to the field. Irreligious skepticism makes it possible to raise questions (...)
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  2.  2
    Pathways to Genetic Parenthood for Same-Sex Couples.Timothy F. Murphy - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (12):823-824.
    Researchers are pursuing various ways to synthesise human male and female gametes, which would be useful for people facing infertility. Some people are unable to conceive children with their partner because one of them is infertile in the sense of having an anatomical or physiological deficit. Other people—in same sex couples—may not be individually infertile but situationally infertile in relation to one another. Segers et al have described a pathway towards synthetic gametes that would rely on embryonic stem cells, rather (...)
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  3. Genetic Modifications for Personal Enhancement: A Defense.Timothy F. Murphy - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics (4):2012-101026.
    Bioconservative commentators argue that parents should not take steps to modify the genetics of their children even in the name of enhancement because of the damage they predict for values, identities and relationships. Some commentators have even said that adults should not modify themselves through genetic interventions. One commentator worries that genetic modifications chosen by adults for themselves will undermine moral agency, lead to less valuable experiences and fracture people's sense of self. These worries are not justified, however, since the (...)
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  4. Case Studies in Biomedical Research Ethics.Timothy F. Murphy - 2004
     
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  5. The Ethics of Helping Transgender Men and Women Have Children.Timothy F. Murphy - 2010 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 53 (1):46-60.
    A transgender man legally married to a woman has given birth to two children, raising questions about the ethics of assisted reproductive treatments (ARTs) for people with cross-sex identities. Psychiatry treats cross-sex identities as a disorder, but key medical organizations and the law in some jurisdictions have taken steps to protect people with these identities from discrimination in health care, housing, and employment. In fact, many people with cross-sex identities bypass psychiatric treatment altogether in order to pursue lives that are (...)
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  6.  29
    Double-Effect Reasoning and the Conception of Human Embryos.Timothy F. Murphy - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (8):529-532.
    Some commentators argue that conception signals the onset of human personhood and that moral responsibilities toward zygotic or embryonic persons begin at this point, not the least of which is to protect them from exposure to death. Critics of the conception threshold of personhood ask how it can be morally consistent to object to the embryo loss that occurs in fertility medicine and research but not object to the significant embryo loss that occurs through conception in vivo. Using that apparent (...)
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  7.  12
    LGBT People and the Work Ahead in Bioethics.Timothy F. Murphy - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (6):ii-v.
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  8.  14
    The Meaning of Synthetic Gametes for Gay and Lesbian People and Bioethics Too.Timothy F. Murphy - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics (11):doi:10.1136/medethics-2013-10169.
    Some commentators indirectly challenge the ethics of using synthetic gametes as a way for same-sex couples to have children with shared genetics. These commentators typically impose a moral burden of proof on same-sex couples they do not impose on opposite-sex couples in terms of their eligibility to have children. Other commentators directly raise objections to parenthood by same-sex couples on the grounds that it compromises the rights and/or welfare of children. Ironically, the prospect of synthetic gametes neutralises certain of these (...)
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  9. Beyond the Myth of Woman: The Becoming-Transfeminist of (Post-) Marxism.A. Corsani & Timothy S. Murphy - 2007 - Substance 36 (1):107-138.
  10.  22
    Sex, Romance, and Research Subjects: An Ethical Exploration.Timothy F. Murphy - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (7):30-38.
    Professional standards in medicine and psychology treat concurrent sexual relationships with patients as violations of fiduciary trust, and they sometimes rule out sexual relationships even after a clinical relationship is over. These standards also rule out sex with research subjects who are also patients, but what about nonclinical relationships where there are not always parallels to the standards of clinical medicine? One way to treat sex in nonclinical research relationships is to treat it as sex is treated elsewhere among adults, (...)
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  11.  21
    When Choosing the Traits of Children is Hurtful to Others.Timothy Murphy - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (2):105-108.
    Some commentators object to the use of embryonic and fetal diagnostic technologies by parents who wish to avoid disabilities in their children. In particular, they say this use is hurtful in the meaning it expresses, namely that the lives of people with disabilities are not valuable or are less valuable than the lives of others. Other commentators have tried to show that this meaning does not necessarily belong to parents' choices and is not therefore credible as a general moral objection. (...)
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  12. What is Gay and Lesbian Philosophy?Raja Halwani, Gary Jaeger, James S. Stramel, Richard Nunan, William S. Wilkerson & Timothy F. Murphy - 2008 - Metaphilosophy 39 (4-5):433-471.
    Abstract: This essay explores recent trends and major issues related to gay and lesbian philosophy in ethics (including issues concerning the morality of homosexuality, the natural function of sex, and outing and coming out); religion (covering past and present debates about the status of homosexuality and how biblical and qur'anic passages have been interpreted by both sides of the debate); the law (especially a discussion of the debates surrounding sodomy laws, same-sex marriage and its impact on transsexuals, and whether the (...)
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  13.  24
    Assisted Gestation and Transgender Women.Timothy F. Murphy - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (6):DOI: 10.1111.bioe.12132.
    Developments in uterus transplant put assisted gestation within meaningful range of clinical success for women with uterine infertility who want to gestate children. Should this kind of transplantation prove routine and effective for those women, would there be any morally significant reason why men or transgender women should not be eligible for the same opportunity for gestation? Getting to the point of safe and effective uterus transplantation for those parties would require a focused line of research, over and above the (...)
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  14.  13
    Assisted Gestation and Transgender Women.Timothy F. Murphy - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (6):389-397.
    Developments in uterus transplant put assisted gestation within meaningful range of clinical success for women with uterine infertility who want to gestate children. Should this kind of transplantation prove routine and effective for those women, would there be any morally significant reason why men or transgender women should not be eligible for the same opportunity for gestation? Getting to the point of safe and effective uterus transplantation for those parties would require a focused line of research, over and above the (...)
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  15.  6
    Preventing Ultimate Harm as the Justification for Biomoral Modification.Timothy F. Murphy - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (5):369-377.
    Most advocates of biogenetic modification hope to amplify existing human traits in humans in order to increase the value of such traits as intelligence and resistance to disease. These advocates defend such enhancements as beneficial for the affected parties. By contrast, some commentators recommend certain biogenetic modifications to serve social goals. As Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu see things, human moral psychology is deficient relative to the most important risks facing humanity as a whole, including the prospect of Ultimate Harm, (...)
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  16.  20
    Physiology Is Destiny: The Fate of Eugenic Utopia in the Fiction of H. P. Lovecraft and Olaf Stapledon.Timothy S. Murphy - 2018 - Utopian Studies 29 (1):21.
    American weird fiction writer H. P. Lovecraft and British science fiction writer Olaf Stapledon are antithetical in many ways, from their educational experiences to their politics, yet both imagined alien societies as utopias whose order, stability, and destiny are predicated on the eugenically altered physiologies of their citizens. While Stapledon’s focus on eugenics as a key means for achieving planetary utopia during the interwar period is well known, Lovecraft’s worldview is generally understood to be dysgenic and dystopian in its obsession (...)
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  17.  25
    In Defense of Prenatal Genetic Interventions.Timothy F. Murphy - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (7):335-342.
    Jürgen Habermas has argued against prenatal genetic interventions used to influence traits on the grounds that only biogenetic contingency in the conception of children preserves the conditions that make the presumption of moral equality possible. This argument fails for a number of reasons. The contingency that Habermas points to as the condition of moral equality is an artifact of evolutionary contingency and not inviolable in itself. Moreover, as a precedent for genetic interventions, parents and society already affect children's traits, which (...)
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  18.  22
    Ethics, Sexual Orientation, and Choices About Children.Timothy F. Murphy - 2012 - The MIT Press.
    Should parents be able to select the sexual orientation of their children, if that were possible through prenatal interventions? _Ethics, Sexual Orientation, and Choices about Children_ reviews the history of this debate which started in the 1970s and has been invigorated by scientific reports about the origins of sexual orientation. This book describes the debate and offers an evaluation of key issues in parental rights, children's rights, and family welfare.
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  19. Subversive Spinoza Contemporary Variations.Antimo Negri & Timothy S. Murphy - 2004
     
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  20.  45
    Commentary: Crossing Cultural Divides: Transgender People Who Want to Have Children.Timothy F. Murphy - 2012 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (2):284-286.
  21.  48
    The Ethics of Impossible and Possible Changes to Human Nature.Timothy F. Murphy - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (4):191-197.
    Some commentators speak freely about genetics being poised to change human nature. Contrary to such rhetoric, Norman Daniels believes no such thing is plausible since ‘nature’ describes characteristic traits of human beings as a whole. Genetic interventions that do their work one individual at a time are unlikely to change the traits of human beings as a class. Even so, one can speculate about ways in which human beings as a whole could be genetically altered, and there is nothing about (...)
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  22. Same-Sex Marriage: Not a Threat to Marriage or Children.Timothy F. Murphy - 2011 - Journal of Social Philosophy 42 (3):288-304.
    Some critics of same-sex marriage allege that this kind of union not only betrays the nature of marriage but that it also opens children to various kinds of harm. Same-sex marriage is objectionable, on this view, in its nature and in its effects. A view of marriage as requiring an unassisted capacity to conceive children may be respect as one idea of marriage, but this view need not be understood as marriage itself. It is not clear, in any case, why (...)
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  23.  26
    Dead Sperm Donors or World Hunger: Are Bioethicists Studying the Right Stuff?Timothy F. Murphy & Gladys B. White - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (2):c3-c3.
  24. Choosing Disabilities and Enhancements in Children: A Choice Too Far?Timothy F. Murphy - 2009 - Reproductie Biomedicine Online 2009 (18 sup. 1):43-49.
    Some parents have taken steps to ensure that they have deaf children, a choice that contrasts with the interest that other parents have in enhancing the traits of their children. Julian Savulescu has argued that, morally speaking, parents have a duty to use assisted reproductive technologies to give their children the best opportunity of the best life. This view extends beyond that which is actually required of parents, which is only that they give children reasonable opportunities to form and act (...)
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  25.  10
    The More Irreligion in Bioethics the Better: Reply to Open Peer Commentaries on “In Defense of Irreligious Bioethics”.Timothy F. Murphy - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (12):W1-W5.
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  26.  17
    Gay and Lesbian Exceptions to the Heterosexual Rule.Timothy F. Murphy - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (4):18.
  27.  28
    Health Care Workers with Hiv and a Patient's Right to Know.Timothy F. Murphy - 1994 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (6):553-569.
    Accidental human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection of patients in health care settings raises the question about whether patients have a right to expect disclosure of HIV/AIDS diagnoses by their health workers. Although such a right – and the correlative duty to disclose – might appear justified by reason of standards of informed consent, I argue that such standards should only apply to questions of risks of and barriers to HIV infection involved in a particular medical treatment, not to disclosure of (...)
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  28. Homosexuality and Nature: Happiness and the Law at Stake.Timothy F. Murphy - 1987 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 4 (2):195-204.
  29.  16
    Sex Before the State: Civic Sex, Reproductive Innovations, and Gendered Parental Identity.Timothy F. Murphy - 2017 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 26 (2):267-277.
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  30.  16
    Ethics in an Epidemic: Aids, Morality, and Culture.Timothy F. Murphy - 1994 - University of California Press.
    In this humane and graceful book, philosopher Timothy Murphy offers insight into our attempts--popular and academic, American and non-American, scientific and ...
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  31.  14
    Sex Before the State: Civic Sex, Reproductive Innovations, and Gendered Parental Identity.Timothy F. Murphy - 2017 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 26 (2):267-277.
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  32.  2
    Extending Health Insurance for Body Modifications for Gender Transitions.Timothy F. Murphy - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (12):19-21.
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  33.  12
    The Ethics of Multiple Vital Organ Transplants.Timothy F. Murphy - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (2):47-48.
  34.  30
    Response to “Cloning and Infertility” by Carson Strong.Timothy F. Murphy - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (3):364-368.
    Carson Strong has argued that if human cloning were safe it should be available to some infertile couples as a matter of ethics and law. He holds that cloning by somatic cell nuclear transfer should be available as a reproductive option for infertile couples who could not otherwise have a child genetically related to one member of the couple. In this analysis, Strong overlooks an important category of people to whom his argument might apply, couples he has not failed to (...)
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  35.  1
    Sperm Harvesting and Postmortem Fatherhood.Timothy F. Murphy - 1995 - Bioethics 9 (5):380.
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  36.  6
    So Not Mothers: Responsibility for Surrogate Orphans.Jennifer A. Parks & Timothy F. Murphy - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (8):551-554.
    The law ordinarily recognises the woman who gives birth as the mother of a child, but in certain jurisdictions, it will recognise the commissioning couple as the legal parents of a child born to a commercial surrogate. Some commissioning parents have, however, effectively abandoned the children they commission, and in such cases, commercial surrogates may find themselves facing unexpected maternal responsibility for children they had fully intended to give up. Any assumption that commercial surrogates ought to assume maternal responsibility for (...)
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  37.  2
    Members First: The Ethics of Donating Organs and Tissues to Groups.Timothy Murphy & Robert Veatch - 2006 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (1):50-59.
    In the United States, people may donate organs and tissues to a family member, friend, or anyone whose specific need becomes known to them. For example, in late 2003 dozens of people came forward to donate a kidney to a professional basketball player known to them only through his sports performances. People may also donate a kidney to no one in particular through a process known as nondirected donation. In nondirected donation, people donate a kidney to the organ allocation system (...)
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  38.  20
    A Cure for Aging?Timothy F. Murphy - 1986 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 11 (3):237-255.
    Arthur Caplan has argued that the presumptive naturalness, universality, and inevitability of aging are no obstacles to conceptualizing aging as a disease since those traits are themselves merely contingent. Moreover, aging lends itself to discussion in terms of diagnostic symptomatology and etiology. Is aging therefore a disease? I argue that aging need not be shown to be unnatural or a disease in order to make it the subject of biomedical interest. I suggest that rather than ask "Is aging a disease?", (...)
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  39.  3
    Ethical Justifications for Moratoriums on Vanguard Scientific Research.Timothy F. Murphy - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (6):51 – 52.
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  40. The Oldest Social Science?: Configurations of Law and Modernity.Timothy Murphy - 1997 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This book looks critically at some of the underlying assumptions which shape our current understanding of the role and purpose of law and society. It focuses on adjudication as a social practice and as a set of governmental techniques. From this vantage point, it explores how the relationship between law, government and society has changed in the course of history in significant ways. At the centre of the argument is the elaboration of the notion of `adjudicative government'. From this perspective (...)
     
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  41.  18
    What Justifies a Future with Humans in It?Timothy F. Murphy - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (9):751-758.
    Antinatalist commentators recommend that humanity bring itself to a close, on the theory that pain and suffering override the value of any possible life. Other commentators do not require the voluntary extinction of human beings, but they defend that outcome if people were to choose against having children. Against such views, Richard Kraut has defended a general moral obligation to people the future with human beings until the workings of the universe render such efforts impossible. Kraut advances this view on (...)
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  42. Justice and the Human Genome Project.Timothy F. Murphy & Marc A. Lappé (eds.) - 1994 - University of California Press.
    The Human Genome Project is an expensive, ambitious, and controversial attempt to locate and map every one of the approximately 100,000 genes in the human body. If it works, and we are able, for instance, to identify markers for genetic diseases long before they develop, who will have the right to obtain such information? What will be the consequences for health care, health insurance, employability, and research priorities? And, more broadly, how will attitudes toward human differences be affected, morally and (...)
     
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  43.  3
    Long-Distance Runners and Sprinters Show Different Performance Monitoring – An Event-Related Potential Study.Yuya Maruo, Timothy I. Murphy & Hiroaki Masaki - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  44.  48
    Research Priorities and the Future of Pregnancy.Timothy F. Murphy - 2012 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (1):78-89.
    The term “ectogenesis” has been around for about a century now, and it is generally understood as the development of embryos and fetuses outside a uterus. In this sense, all in vitro fertilization is ectogenesis, but in vitro development can only proceed to a certain point, at which time human embryos are then either implanted in the attempt to achieve a pregnancy, frozen for that use in the future, used in research, or discarded.
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  45.  23
    Introduction to Maurizio Lazzarato's "Strategies of the Political Entrepreneur".Timothy S. Murphy - 2007 - Substance 36 (1):86-86.
  46. A Thought Experiment in Life Prolongation: The Tortoise Transformation.Timothy F. Murphy - forthcoming - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry.
    The value of extending the human lifespan remains a key philosophical debate in bioethics. In building a case against the extension of the species-typical human life, Nicolas Agar considers the prospect of transforming human beings near the end of their lives into Galapagos tortoises, which would then live on decades longer. A central question at stake in this transformation is the persistence of human consciousness as a condition of the value of the transformation. Agar entertains the idea that consciousness could (...)
     
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  47.  10
    A Pocket Guide to Critical Thinking, 5th Edition, by Richard Epstein; Illustrated by Alex Raffi. [REVIEW]Timothy G. Murphy - 2017 - Teaching Philosophy 40 (1):119-122.
  48.  45
    A Philosophical Obituary: Dr. Jack Kevorkian Dead at 83 Leaving End of Life Debate in the US Forever Changed.Timothy F. Murphy - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (7):3 - 6.
    The nationally-famous advocate of physician-assisted suicide did not die by his own hand. Dr. Jack Kevorkian died the old-fashioned way in America: in a hospital, with multiple disorders undercutting his life. Kevorkian took up interest in assisted suicide early in his medical career, and he wanted prisoners on death row to volunteer for experiments just before their execution. Kevorkian saw individual consent as the wheel, axle, and grease for all decisions in these matters. He helped many people die, but it (...)
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  49.  46
    Abortion and the Ethics of Genetic Sexual Orientation Research.Timothy F. Murphy - 1995 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (3):340.
    Reports about possible genetic bases of homoerotic sexual orientation in adults have received a kind of schizophrenic social reception. On the one hand, these reports have been welcomed by some gay men and lesbians as biological confirmation of the commonly held view that sexual orientation is an involuntary trait, that sexual orientation is not in any meaningful sense chosen. Simon LeVay has received mail from thankful correspondents who welcomed his 1991 report about the possible neuroanatomical basis for male homoerotic sexual (...)
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  50.  14
    Reproductive Controls and Sexual Destiny.Timothy F. Murphy - 1990 - Bioethics 4 (2):121–142.
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