Results for 'Timothy R. Sampson'

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  1.  63
    Exploiting CRISPR/Cas Systems for Biotechnology.Timothy R. Sampson & David S. Weiss - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (1):34-38.
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  2.  1
    Five Reasons Why I Am Skeptical That Indirect or Unconscious Lie Detection Is Superior to Direct Deception Detection.Timothy R. Levine - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  3.  61
    Software, Abstraction, and Ontology.Timothy R. Colburn - 1999 - The Monist 82 (1):3-19.
    This paper analyzes both philosophical and practical assumptions underlying claims for the dual nature of software, including software as a machine made of text, and software as a concrete abstraction. A related view of computer science as a branch of pure mathematics is analyzed through a comparative examination of the nature of abstraction in mathematics and computer science. The relationship between the concrete and the abstract in computer programs is then described by exploring a taxonomy of approaches borrowed from philosophy (...)
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  4.  56
    The Importance of Patient–Provider Communication in End-of-Life Care.Timothy R. Rice, Yuriy Dobry, Vladan Novakovic & Jacob M. Appel - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (4):439-441.
    Successful formulation and implementation of end-of-life care requires ongoing communication with the patient. When patients, for reasons of general medical or psychiatric illness, fail to verbally communicate, providers must be receptive to messages conveyed through alternate avenues of communication. We present the narrative of a man with schizophrenia who wished to forgo hemodialysis as a study in the ethical importance of attention to nonverbal communication. A multilayered understanding of the patient, as may be provided by both behavioral and motivational models, (...)
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  5.  23
    Commentary: The Neural Bases of Emotion Regulation.Timothy R. Rice - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  6.  37
    What's in a Typeface? Evidence of the Existence of Print Personalities in Arabic.Timothy R. Jordan, Alya S. AlShamsi, Hajar A. K. Yekani, Maryam AlJassmi, Nada Al Dosari, Ehab W. Hermena & Mercedes Sheen - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  7.  13
    Who Do You Trust? The Impact of Facial Emotion and Behaviour on Decision Making.Timothy R. Campellone & Ann M. Kring - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (4):603-620.
  8.  49
    Program Verification, Defeasible Reasoning, and Two Views of Computer Science.Timothy R. Colburn - 1991 - Minds and Machines 1 (1):97-116.
    In this paper I attempt to cast the current program verification debate within a more general perspective on the methodologies and goals of computer science. I show, first, how any method involved in demonstrating the correctness of a physically executing computer program, whether by testing or formal verification, involves reasoning that is defeasible in nature. Then, through a delineation of the senses in which programs can be run as tests, I show that the activities of testing and formal verification do (...)
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  9.  33
    Information Modeling Aspects of Software Development.Timothy R. Colburn - 1998 - Minds and Machines 8 (3):375-393.
    The distinction between the modeling of information and the modeling of data in the creation of automated systems has historically been important because the development tools available to programmers have been wedded to machine oriented data types and processes. However, advances in software engineering, particularly the move toward data abstraction in software design, allow activities reasonably described as information modeling to be performed in the software creation process. An examination of the evolution of programming languages and development of general programming (...)
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  10.  24
    Emotion Perception in Schizophrenia: Context Matters.Ann M. Kring & Timothy R. Campellone - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (2):182-186.
    Research on emotion perception in schizophrenia has focused primarily on the perception of static faces displaying different emotion signals or expressions. However, perception of emotion in daily life relies on much more than just the face. In this article, we review the role of context in emotion perception among people with and without schizophrenia. We argue that not only is context central to the perception of emotion, it in fact helps to construct the perception. Implications for future research on emotion (...)
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  11.  7
    The Impact of Accelerating Electronic Prescribing on Hospitals' Productivity Levels: Can Health Information Technology Bend the Curve?Eric W. Ford, Timothy R. Huerta, Mark A. Thompson & Roland Patry - 2011 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 48 (4):304-312.
  12.  4
    Diaspora Conversions: Black Carib Religion and the Recovery of Africa. Paul Christopher Johnson. Berkeley: University of California Press. 2007. Xi + 330 Pp. [REVIEW]Timothy R. Landry - 2010 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 38 (1):1-2.
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  13.  3
    Diaspora Conversions: Black Carib Religion and the Recovery of Africa. Paul Christopher Johnson. Berkeley: University of California Press. 2007. Xi + 330 Pp. [REVIEW]Timothy R. Landry - 2010 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 38 (1):1-2.
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  14. The Tragedy of the Commoners.Timothy R. Pauketat - 2000 - In Marcia-Anne Dobres & John E. Robb (eds.), Agency in Archaeology. Routledge. pp. 113--129.
     
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  15.  34
    Timothy R. Colburn, Philosophy and Computer Science.Bipin Indurkhya - 2002 - Minds and Machines 12 (3):454-459.
  16.  14
    Gesta Romanorum, 1: Untersuchungen zu Konzeption und Überlieferung; 2: Texte, Verzeichnisse.Brigitte Weiske.Timothy R. Jackson - 1996 - Speculum 71 (2):503-504.
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  17.  3
    Gendered Perceptions of Odd and Even Numbers: An Implicit Association Study From Arabic Culture.Timothy R. Jordan, Hajar Aman Key Yekani & Mercedes Sheen - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Previous studies conducted in the United States indicate that people associate numbers with gender, such that odd numbers are more likely to be considered male and even numbers considered female. It has been argued that this number gendering phenomenon is acquired through social learning and conditioning, and that male-odd/female-even associations reflect a general, cross-cultural human consensus on gender roles relating to agency and communion. However, the incidence and pattern of number gendering in cultures outside the United States remains to be (...)
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  18.  27
    Investigating the Effectiveness of Spatial Frequencies to the Left and Right of Central Vision During Reading: Evidence From Reading Times and Eye Movements.Timothy R. Jordan, Victoria A. McGowan, Stoyan Kurtev & Kevin B. Paterson - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  19.  8
    A Survey of Contraceptive Markets in Four African Countries.Timothy R. L. Black - 1972 - Journal of Biosocial Science 4 (3):287-298.
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  20.  9
    Timothy R. Jackson, Typus und Poetik: Studien zur Bedeutungsvermittlung in der Literatur des deutschen Mittelalters. (Beihefte zum Euphorion: Zeitschrift für Literaturgeschichte, 45.) Heidelberg: Winter, 2003. Paper. Pp. xi, 326; 1 black-and-white figure. €48. [REVIEW]Ernst Ralf Hintz - 2006 - Speculum 81 (4):1212-1214.
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  21. Timothy R. Colburn, James H. Fetzer, and Terry L. Rankin, Eds., Program Verification Reviewed By.Leslie Burkholder - 1995 - Philosophy in Review 15 (1):22-25.
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  22. Lonergan's «Critical Realism» and Religious Pluralism.Timothy R. Stinnett - 1992 - The Thomist 56 (1):97-115.
     
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  23.  2
    Moral Conscience and the Experience of God.Timothy R. Stinnett - 1989 - New Blackfriars 70 (829):329-337.
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  24.  1
    Conflict and Content.Timothy R. Sundell - 2010 - Dissertation, University of Michigan
    Speakers differ from one another in philosophically problematic ways. Two speakers can vary not simply with respect to what they believe, but also in the ways they speak, the concepts they employ, and the standards they bring to bear. The fact of imperfect convergence gives rise to a wide range of philosophical puzzles, largely via a single generalization: If two speakers disagree with each other, then at least one of them says something false. The generalization is plausible, but mistaken. Counterexamples (...)
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  25.  9
    Accessing Rural Populations: Role of the Community Pharmacist in a Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening Programme.Timothy R. McGuire, Melissa Leypoldt, Warren A. Narducci & Kathy Ward - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (1):146-149.
  26.  5
    The Power of Continuity in Graduate Teacher Education Master's Programmes.Timothy R. Molseed - 2009 - Educational Studies 35 (5):575-578.
    The intentional development of continuity as it applies to programme structure, themes and outcomes is examined for their power in providing a coherent circular connection between the philosophy, operation, assessment and outcomes of a graduate teacher education programme. It is argued that the intentional development of programme continuity will address the emergence of standards as evaluative criteria and in meeting the characteristics of a constructivist learning model. The results of the specific designs of continuity provide for a meaningful learning and (...)
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  27.  22
    The Assassin's Tale.Timothy R. Montes - 2003 - Budhi: A Journal of Ideas and Culture 7 (1 & 2):217-226.
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  28. Turtle Season.Timothy R. Montes - 2003 - Budhi: A Journal of Ideas and Culture 7 (1):131-142.
     
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  29.  29
    Defeasible Reasoning and Logic Programming.Timothy R. Colburn - 1991 - Minds and Machines 1 (4):417-436.
    The general conditions of epistemic defeat are naturally represented through the interplay of two distinct kinds of entailment, deductive and defeasible. Many of the current approaches to modeling defeasible reasoning seek to define defeasible entailment via model-theoretic notions like truth and satisfiability, which, I argue, fails to capture this fundamental distinction between truthpreserving and justification-preserving entailments. I present an alternative account of defeasible entailment and show how logic programming offers a paradigm in which the distinction can be captured, allowing for (...)
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  30.  44
    Heuristics, Justification, and Defeasible Reasoning.Timothy R. Colburn - 1995 - Minds and Machines 5 (4):467-487.
    Heuristics can be regarded as justifying the actions and beliefs of problem-solving agents. I use an analysis of heuristics to argue that a symbiotic relationship exists between traditional epistemology and contemporary artificial intelligence. On one hand, the study of models of problem-solving agents usingquantitative heuristics, for example computer programs, can reveal insight into the understanding of human patterns of epistemic justification by evaluating these models'' performance against human problem-solving. On the other hand,qualitative heuristics embody the justifying ability of defeasible rules, (...)
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  31.  6
    Hyper-Transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation: Experimental Manipulation of Inter-Brain Synchrony.Caroline Szymanski, Viktor Müller, Timothy R. Brick, Timo von Oertzen & Ulman Lindenberger - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  32.  5
    Relationships Between Lineal Fracture Intensity and Chemical Composition in the Marcellus Shale, Appalachian Basin.Keithan G. Martin, Liaosha Song, Payam Kavousi & Timothy R. Carr - 2019 - Interpretation 7 (4):SJ33-SJ43.
    Within mudrock reservoirs, brittle zones undergo failure during hydraulic stimulation, creating numerous artificial fractures which enable hydrocarbons to be liberated from the reservoir. Natural fractures in mudrock reduce the tensile strength of the host rock, creating planes of weaknesses that are hypothesized to be reactivated during hydraulic stimulation. Combined, brittleness and natural fractures contribute to creating more abundant and complex fracture networks during hydraulic stimulation. Research efforts toward quantifying rock brittleness have resulted in numerous mineral-/compositional-based indices, which are used during (...)
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  33.  3
    Reading Rate and Comprehension for Text Presented on Tablet and Paper: Evidence From Arabic.Ehab W. Hermena, Mercedes Sheen, Maryam AlJassmi, Khulood AlFalasi, Maha AlMatroushi & Timothy R. Jordan - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  34.  32
    Life and Death with Arsenic.Barry P. Rosen, A. Abdul Ajees & Timothy R. McDermott - 2011 - Bioessays 33 (5):350-357.
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  35.  25
    A New Way to Treat Brain Tumors: Targeting Proteins Coded by Microcephaly Genes?Patrick Y. Lang & Timothy R. Gershon - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (5):1700243.
    New targets for brain tumor therapies may be identified by mutations that cause hereditary microcephaly. Brain growth depends on the repeated proliferation of stem and progenitor cells. Microcephaly syndromes result from mutations that specifically impair the ability of brain progenitor or stem cells to proliferate, by inducing either premature differentiation or apoptosis. Brain tumors that derive from brain progenitor or stem cells may share many of the specific requirements of their cells of origin. These tumors may therefore be susceptible to (...)
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  36.  8
    Application of A New Hybrid PSO-Mixed Kernels Function Based Support Vector Machine Model for Reservoir Porosity Prediction: A Case Study in Jacksonburg-Stringtown Oil Filed, West Virginia, USA.Zhi Zhong & Timothy R. Carr - forthcoming - Interpretation:1-46.
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  37.  12
    Application of a New Hybrid Particle Swarm Optimization-Mixed Kernels Function-Based Support Vector Machine Model for Reservoir Porosity Prediction: A Case Study in Jacksonburg-Stringtown Oil Field, West Virginia, USA.Zhi Zhong & Timothy R. Carr - 2019 - Interpretation: SEG 7 (1):T97-T112.
    Porosity is a fundamental property that characterizes the storage capability of fluid and gas-bearing formations in a reservoir. An accurate porosity value can be measured from core samples in the laboratory; however, core analysis is expensive and time consuming. Well-log data can be used to calculate porosity, but the availability of log suites is often limited in mature fields. Therefore, robust porosity prediction requires integration of core-measured porosity with available well-log suites to control for changes in lithology and fluid content. (...)
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  38. Distance to the Neutral Face Predicts Arousal Ratings of Dynamic Facial Expressions in Individuals With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder.Jan N. Schneider, Timothy R. Brick & Isabel Dziobek - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Arousal is one of the dimensions of core affect and frequently used to describe experienced or observed emotional states. While arousal ratings of facial expressions are collected in many studies it is not well understood how arousal is displayed in or interpreted from facial expressions. In the context of socioemotional disorders such as Autism Spectrum Disorder, this poses the question of a differential use of facial information for arousal perception. In this study, we demonstrate how automated face-tracking tools can be (...)
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  39.  7
    Origins of Emotional Consciousness.Hans L. Melo, Timothy R. Koscik, Thalia H. Vrantsidis, Georgia Hathaway & William A. Cunningham - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  40.  8
    Pilot Study: Does the White Coat Influence Research Participation?Jon F. Merz, Timothy R. Rebbeck, Pamela Sankar & Emma A. Meagher - 2002 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 24 (4):6.
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  41.  16
    Personal Relevance of Traits and Things.John H. Mueller, Steven G. Haupt & Timothy R. Grove - 1988 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (5):445-448.
  42.  16
    Two-Stage Dynamic Signal Detection: A Theory of Choice, Decision Time, and Confidence.Timothy J. Pleskac & Jerome R. Busemeyer - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (3):864-901.
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  43.  25
    Addiction Motivation Reformulated: An Affective Processing Model of Negative Reinforcement.Timothy B. Baker, Megan E. Piper, Danielle E. McCarthy, Matthew R. Majeskie & Michael C. Fiore - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (1):33-51.
  44.  15
    Structure and Deterioration of Semantic Memory: A Neuropsychological and Computational Investigation.Timothy T. Rogers, Matthew A. Lambon Ralph, Peter Garrard, Sasha Bozeat, James L. McClelland, John R. Hodges & Karalyn Patterson - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (1):205-235.
  45.  43
    Syntactic Categorization in Early Language Acquisition: Formalizing the Role of Distributional Analysis.Timothy A. Cartwright & Michael R. Brent - 1997 - Cognition 63 (2):121-170.
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  46. Stephen R. Kellert and Timothy J. Farnham (Eds), The Good in Nature and Humanity.R. Sandler - 2003 - Environmental Values 12 (4):539-541.
  47.  10
    Using Panicogenic Inhalations of Carbon Dioxide Enriched Air to Induce Attentional Bias for Threat: Implications for the Development of Anxiety Disorders.Sonsoles Valdivia-Salas, John P. Forsyth, Christopher R. Berghoff & Timothy R. Ritzert - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (8):1474-1482.
  48.  25
    Books for Review and for Listing Here Should Be Addressed to Emily Zakin, Review Editor, Teaching Philosophy, Department of Philosophy, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056.Robert Almeder, Lynne Rudder Baker, José Luis Bermúdez, James Robert Brown, Jeremy Butterfield, Constantine Pagonis, Steven M. Cahn, John D. Caputo, J. Michael & Timothy R. Colburn - 2000 - Teaching Philosophy 23 (2):227.
  49.  12
    Chomsky's System of Ideas.G. R. Sampson & Fred D'Agostino - 1987 - Philosophical Quarterly 37 (149):477.
  50. Neural Correlates of Knee Extension and Flexion Force Control: A Kinetically-Instrumented Neuroimaging Study.Dustin R. Grooms, Cody R. Criss, Janet E. Simon, Adam L. Haggerty & Timothy R. Wohl - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    Background: The regulation of muscle force is a vital aspect of sensorimotor control, requiring intricate neural processes. While neural activity associated with upper extremity force control has been documented, extrapolation to lower extremity force control is limited. Knowledge of how the brain regulates force control for knee extension and flexion may provide insights as to how pathology or intervention impacts central control of movement.Objectives: To develop and implement a neuroimaging-compatible force control paradigm for knee extension and flexion.Methods: A magnetic resonance (...)
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