Results for 'Timothy T. Campbell'

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  1.  39
    Corporate Social Responsibility Practices in Developing and Transitional Countries: Botswana and Malawi.Adam Lindgreen, Valérie Swaen & Timothy T. Campbell - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (S3):429 - 440.
    This research empirically investigated the CSR practices of 84 Botswana and Malawi organizations. The findings revealed that the extent and type of CSR practices in these countries did not significantly differ from that proposed by a U. S. model of CSR, nor did they significantly differ between Botswana and Malawi. There were, however, differences between the sampled organizations that clustered into a stakeholder perspective and traditional capitalist model groups. In the latter group, the board of directors, owners, and shareholders were (...)
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  2.  1
    Communitas: The Origin and Destiny of Community.Timothy Campbell (ed.) - 2009 - Stanford University Press.
    No theme has been more central to international philosophical debates than that of community: from American communitarianism to Habermas's ethic of communication to the French deconstruction of community in the work of Derrida and Nancy. Nevertheless, in none of these cases has the concept been examined from the perspective of community's original etymological meaning: _cum munus_. In _Communitas: The Origin and Destiny of Community_, Roberto Esposito does just that through an original counter-history of political philosophy that takes up not only (...)
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  3.  99
    Précis of Semantic Cognition: A Parallel Distributed Processing Approach.Timothy T. Rogers & James L. McClelland - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (6):689-714.
    In this prcis we focus on phenomena central to the reaction against similarity-based theories that arose in the 1980s and that subsequently motivated the approach to semantic knowledge. Specifically, we consider (1) how concepts differentiate in early development, (2) why some groupings of items seem to form or coherent categories while others do not, (3) why different properties seem central or important to different concepts, (4) why children and adults sometimes attest to beliefs that seem to contradict their direct experience, (...)
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  4.  15
    Structure and Deterioration of Semantic Memory: A Neuropsychological and Computational Investigation.Timothy T. Rogers, Matthew A. Lambon Ralph, Peter Garrard, Sasha Bozeat, James L. McClelland, John R. Hodges & Karalyn Patterson - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (1):205-235.
  5.  30
    Parallel Distributed Processing at 25: Further Explorations in the Microstructure of Cognition.Timothy T. Rogers & James L. McClelland - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (6):1024-1077.
    This paper introduces a special issue of Cognitive Science initiated on the 25th anniversary of the publication of Parallel Distributed Processing (PDP), a two-volume work that introduced the use of neural network models as vehicles for understanding cognition. The collection surveys the core commitments of the PDP framework, the key issues the framework has addressed, and the debates the framework has spawned, and presents viewpoints on the current status of these issues. The articles focus on both historical roots and contemporary (...)
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  6.  13
    Object Categorization: Reversals and Explanations of the Basic-Level Advantage.Timothy T. Rogers & Karalyn Patterson - 2007 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 136 (3):451-469.
  7.  25
    A Simple Model From a Powerful Framework That Spans Levels of Analysis.Timothy T. Rogers & James L. McClelland - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (6):729-749.
    The commentaries reflect three core themes that pertain not just to our theory, but to the enterprise of connectionist modeling more generally. The first concerns the relationship between a cognitive theory and an implemented computer model. Specifically, how does one determine, when a model departs from the theory it exemplifies, whether the departure is a useful simplification or a critical flaw? We argue that the answer to this question depends partially upon the model's intended function, and we suggest that connectionist (...)
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  8. Semi-Supervised Learning is Observed in a Speeded but Not an Unspeeded 2D Categorization Task.Timothy T. Rogers, Charles Kalish, Bryan R. Gibson, Joseph Harrison & Xiaojin Zhu - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
  9.  73
    Timothy C. Campbell , Improper Life: Technology and Biopolitics From Heidegger to Agamben (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2011), ISBN: 978-0-8166-7465-7. [REVIEW]Daniel Skinner - 2013 - Foucault Studies 15:180-182.
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  10.  11
    Distinguishing Literal From Metaphorical Applications of Bayesian Approaches.Timothy T. Rogers & Mark S. Seidenberg - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (4):211-212.
    We distinguish between literal and metaphorical applications of Bayesian models. When intended literally, an isomorphism exists between the elements of representation assumed by the rational analysis and the mechanism that implements the computation. Thus, observation of the implementation can externally validate assumptions underlying the rational analysis. In other applications, no such isomorphism exists, so it is not clear how the assumptions that allow a Bayesian model to fit data can be independently validated.
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  11.  36
    Can Semi-Supervised Learning Explain Incorrect Beliefs About Categories?Charles W. Kalish, Timothy T. Rogers, Jonathan Lang & Xiaojin Zhu - 2011 - Cognition 120 (1):106-118.
    Three experiments with 88 college-aged participants explored how unlabeled experiences—learning episodes in which people encounter objects without information about their category membership—influence beliefs about category structure. Participants performed a simple one-dimensional categorization task in a brief supervised learning phase, then made a large number of unsupervised categorization decisions about new items. In all three experiments, the unsupervised experience altered participants’ implicit and explicit mental category boundaries, their explicit beliefs about the most representative members of each category, and even their memory (...)
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  12.  61
    Letting Structure Emerge: Connectionist and Dynamical Systems Approaches to Cognition.James L. McClelland, Matthew M. Botvinick, David C. Noelle, David C. Plaut, Timothy T. Rogers, Mark S. Seidenberg & Linda B. Smith - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (8):348-356.
  13.  13
    Violence, Teenage Pregnancy, and Life History.Lee T. Copping, Anne Campbell & Steven Muncer - 2013 - Human Nature 24 (2):137-157.
    Guided by principles of life history strategy development, this study tested the hypothesis that sexual precocity and violence are influenced by sensitivities to local environmental conditions. Two models of strategy development were compared: The first is based on indirect perception of ecological cues through family disruption and the second is based on both direct and indirect perception of ecological stressors. Results showed a moderate correlation between rates of violence and sexual precocity (r = 0.59). Although a model incorporating direct and (...)
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  14.  66
    Human Semi-Supervised Learning.Bryan R. Gibson, Timothy T. Rogers & Xiaojin Zhu - 2013 - Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (1):132-172.
    Most empirical work in human categorization has studied learning in either fully supervised or fully unsupervised scenarios. Most real-world learning scenarios, however, are semi-supervised: Learners receive a great deal of unlabeled information from the world, coupled with occasional experiences in which items are directly labeled by a knowledgeable source. A large body of work in machine learning has investigated how learning can exploit both labeled and unlabeled data provided to a learner. Using equivalences between models found in human categorization and (...)
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  15.  36
    Letting Structure Emerge: Connectionist and Dynamical Systems Approaches to Cognition.Linda B. Smith James L. McClelland, Matthew M. Botvinick, David C. Noelle, David C. Plaut, Timothy T. Rogers, Mark S. Seidenberg - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (8):348.
  16. Donald T. Campbell DT Selection of Organization at the Social Level: Obstacles and Facilitators of Metasystem Transitions.F. Heylighen - forthcoming - World Futures: The Journal of General Evolution": Special Issue on" the Quantum of Evolution: Toward a Theory of Metaystem Transitions", F. Heylighen, C. Joslyn, V. Turchin (Eds.).
     
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  17.  9
    Selection Theory and Social Construction: The Evolutionary Naturalistic Epistemology of Donald T. Campbell.Cecilia Heyes & David L. Hull (eds.) - 2001 - State University of New York Press.
    Top scholars examine the work of Donald T. Campbell, one of the first to emphasize the social structure of science.
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  18.  25
    A Tribute to Donald T. Campbell.Cecilia M. Heyes - 1997 - Biology and Philosophy 12 (3):299-301.
  19.  40
    Matching Bias on the Selection Task: It's Fast and Feels Good.Valerie A. Thompson, Jonathan St B. T. Evans & Jamie I. D. Campbell - 2013 - Thinking and Reasoning 19 (3-4):431-452.
    We tested the hypothesis that choices determined by Type 1 processes are compelling because they are fluent, and for this reason they are less subject to analytic thinking than other answers. A total of 104 participants completed a modified version of Wason's selection task wherein they made decisions about one card at a time using a two-response paradigm. In this paradigm participants gave a fast, intuitive response, rated their feeling of rightness for that response, and were then allowed free time (...)
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  20.  43
    Taking Evolution Seriously: Critical Comments On D.T. Campbell’s Evolutionary Epistemology.Peter Skagestad - 1978 - The Monist 61 (4):611-621.
    The climate of epistemological opinion is rapidly changing in the direction of an increasing concern with the substantive results of the empirical sciences of man, such as psychology and biology. This change is of a comparatively recent date: as late as in 1964, Chauncey Wright’s seminal speculations on the biology of knowledge-processes were shrugged off by one commentator as “nineteenth-century impedimenta and paraphernalia”. Today, such a judgment seems strangely out of date. Our knowledge of man as an animal has been (...)
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  21.  22
    Cardiovascular Disease and Non‐Steroidal Anti‐Inflammatory Drug Prescribing in the Midst of Evolving Guidelines.Timothy T. Pham, Michael J. Miller, Donald L. Harrison, Ann E. Lloyd, Kimberly M. Crosby & Jeremy L. Johnson - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (6):1026-1034.
  22.  20
    Taking Evolution Seriously: Critical Comments On D.T. Campbell’s Evolutionary Epistemology.Peter Skagestad - 1978 - The Monist 61 (4):611 - 621.
    The climate of epistemological opinion is rapidly changing in the direction of an increasing concern with the substantive results of the empirical sciences of man, such as psychology and biology. This change is of a comparatively recent date: as late as in 1964, Chauncey Wright’s seminal speculations on the biology of knowledge-processes were shrugged off by one commentator as “nineteenth-century impedimenta and paraphernalia”. Today, such a judgment seems strangely out of date. Our knowledge of man as an animal has been (...)
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  23.  99
    The Philosophy of Donald T. Campbell: A Short Review and Critical Appraisal. [REVIEW]Franz M. Wuketits - 2001 - Biology and Philosophy 16 (2):171-188.
    Aside from his remarkable studies in psychology and the social sciences, Donald Thomas Campbell (1916–1996) made significant contributions to philosophy, particularly philosophy of science,epistemology, and ethics. His name and his work are inseparably linked with the evolutionary approach to explaining human knowledge (evolutionary epistemology). He was an indefatigable supporter of the naturalistic turn in philosophy and has strongly influenced the discussion of moral issues (evolutionary ethics). The aim of this paper is to briefly characterize Campbells work and to discuss (...)
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  24.  28
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]William T. Lowe, Jack K. Campbell, Jack Conrad Willers, John R. Thelin, Barbara Townsend, W. Bruce Leslie, Defalco, Frederick L. Silverman, Edward G. Rozycki, Gertrude Langsam, Alanson van Fleet, Michael Story, James M. Giarelli, J. J. Chambliss, J. E. Christensen & Kenneth C. Schmidt - 1982 - Educational Studies 13 (1):51-86.
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  25. Selection of Organization at the Social Level: Obstacles and Facilitators of Metasystem Transitions.Heylighen Francis & T. Campbell Donald - 1995 - World Futures: The Journal of General Evolution 45:181-212.
     
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  26. Milestones in 150 Years of the Chemical Industry.P. J. T. Morris, W. A. Campbell, H. L. Roberts & J. K. Smith - 1994 - Annals of Science 51 (6):680.
  27. Euripides, Helena.Charles T. Murphy & A. Y. Campbell - 1952 - American Journal of Philology 73 (2):208.
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  28. Learning a Hierarchical Organization of Categories.Steven Verheyen, Eef Ameel, Timothy T. Rogers & Gert Storms - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
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  29. The Experimenting Society: Essays in Honor of Donald T. Campbell.William N. Dunn - 1998 - Routledge.
    An experimenting society is one in which policy-relevant knowledge is created. It is then critically assessed and communicated in real-life or natural settings, with the aim of discovering new forms of public action to improve the problem-solving capacities of society. This latest volume of the distinguished Policy Studies Review Annual series probes, evaluates, and augments the work of Donald T. Campbell on an experimental societies. A basic assumption of this volume is that Campbell's perspective supplies a useful way (...)
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  30.  61
    Evolution: The Darwinian Theory of Social Change, an Homage to Donald T. Campbell.Peter Richerson - manuscript
    One of the earliest and most influential papers applying Darwinian theory to human cultural evolution was Donald T. Campbell’s paper “Variation and Selective Retention in Sociocultural Systems.” Campbell’s programmatic essay appeared as a chapter in a book entitled Social Change in Developing Areas (Barringer et al., 1965). It sketched a very ambitious project to apply Darwinian principles to the study of the evolution of human behavior. His essential theses were four.
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  31.  7
    Improper Life. Technology and Biopolitics From Heidegger to Agamben by Timothy C. Campbell[REVIEW]Antonio Lucci - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (3):485--488.
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  32. Improper Life: Technology and Biopolitics From Heidegger to Agamben.Timothy C. Campbell - 2011 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    Has biopolitics actually become thanatopolitics, a field of study obsessed with death? Is there something about the nature of biopolitical thought today that makes it impossibile to deploy affirmatively? If this is true, what can life-minded thinkers put forward as the merits of biopolitical reflection? These questions drive Improper Life.Campbell argues that a "crypto-thanatopolitics" can be teased out of Heidegger's critique of technology and that some of the leading scholars of biopolitics---including Michel Foucault, Giorgio Agamben, and Peter Sloterdijk---have been (...)
     
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  33. Blind Variation and Selective Retentions in Creative Thought as in Other Knowledge Processes.Donald T. Campbell - 1960 - Psychological Review 67 (6):380-400.
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  34. A Concordance to Darwin's Origin of Species.Paul H. Barrett, Donald J. Weinshank & Timothy T. Gottleber - 1982 - Journal of the History of Biology 15 (3):472-473.
  35.  8
    Biopolitics: A Reader.Timothy C. Campbell & Adam Sitze (eds.) - 2013 - Duke University Press.
    This anthology collects the texts that defined the concept of biopolitics, which has become so significant throughout the humanities and social sciences today. The far-reaching influence of the biopolitical—the relation of politics to life, or the state to the body—is not surprising given its centrality to matters such as healthcare, abortion, immigration, and the global distribution of essential medicines and medical technologies. Michel Foucault gave new and unprecedented meaning to the term "biopolitics" in his 1976 essay "Right of Death and (...)
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  36. Bios, Immunity, Life: The Thought of Roberto Esposito.Timothy Campbell - 2006 - Diacritics 36 (2):2-22.
    Intended both as an introduction to the thought of the Italian philosopher Roberto Esposito and as a mapping of current biopolitical practice, this essay traces the contributions and the limits of recent Italian contributions to the discussion of biopolitics. The essay offers a summary of Esposito's insight into the relation of community and immunity and compares his thinking to other philosophers who take immunity as their object of study . Campbell goes on to read Esposito's privileging of bios in (...)
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  37. Downward Causation.Donald T. Campbell - 1974 - In F. Ayala & T. Dobzhansky (eds.), Studies in the Philosophy of Biology. University of California Press. pp. 179--186.
     
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  38. Happiness and the External Goods.Timothy Roche & T. D. Roche - 2014 - In Ronald Polansky (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. New York, USA: pp. 34-63.
    The paper explores the main competing interpretations of Aristotle's view of the relation between happiness and external goods in the Nicomachean Ethics. On the basis of a careful analysis of what Aristotle says in the Nicomachean Ethics (and other works such as the Eudemian Ethics, Politics, Rhetoric, etc.) it is argued that it is likely that Aristotle takes at least some external goods to be actual constituents of happiness provided that (1) they are accompanied by virtuous activity and (2) the (...)
     
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  39.  5
    Methodology and Epistemology for Social Science: Selected Papers. Donald T. Campbell, E. Samuel Overman.Stephen Turner - 1989 - Isis 80 (4):739-740.
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  40.  29
    Unobtrusive Measures. Nonreactive Research in the Social Sciences. By E. J. Webb D. T. Campbell R.D. Schwartz and E. Sechrest. Pp. Xii+225. (Rand McNally, Chicago, 1966.) Price 38s. [REVIEW]P. Sargant Florence - 1970 - Journal of Biosocial Science 2 (2):151-152.
  41.  85
    11.'Downward Causation'in Hierarchically Organised Biological Systems.Donald T. Campbell - 1974 - In Francisco Jose Ayala & Theodosius Grigorievich Dobzhansky (eds.), Studies in the Philosophy of Biology: Reduction and Related Problems. University of California Press. pp. 179.
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  42.  4
    Relative Necessity.Timothy Smiley & T. J. Smiley - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (3):401-401.
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  43.  22
    Judgments of Weight as Affected by Adaptation Range, Adaptation Duration, Magnitude of Unlabeled Anchor, and Judgmental Language.O. J. Harvey & Donald T. Campbell - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (1):12.
  44.  23
    Separating Perceptual and Linguistic Effects of Context Shifts Upon Absolute Judgments.David L. Krantz & Donald T. Campbell - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (1):35.
  45.  21
    Exporting an Inherently Harmful Product: The Marketing of Virginia Slims Cigarettes in the United States, Japan, and Korea.Timothy Dewhirst, Wonkyong B. Lee, Geoffrey T. Fong & Pamela M. Ling - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 139 (1):161-181.
    Ethical issues surrounding the marketing and trade of controversial products such as tobacco require a better understanding. Virginia Slims, an exclusively women’s cigarette brand first launched in 1968 in the USA, was introduced during the mid 1980s to major Asian markets, such as Japan and Korea, dominated by male smokers. By reviewing internal corporate documents, made public from litigation, we examine the marketing strategies used by Philip Morris as they entered new markets such as Japan and Korea and consider the (...)
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  46.  82
    On the Conflicts Between Biological and Social Evolution and Between Psychology and Moral Tradition.Donald T. Campbell - 1976 - Zygon 11 (3):167-208.
  47.  18
    Coalitional Physical Competition.Timothy S. McHale, Wai-chi Chee, Ka-Chun Chan, David T. Zava & Peter B. Gray - 2018 - Human Nature 29 (3):245-267.
    A large body of research links testosterone and cortisol to male-male competition. Yet, little work has explored acute steroid hormone responses to coalitional, physical competition during middle childhood. Here, we investigate testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone, androstenedione, and cortisol release among ethnically Chinese boys in Hong Kong, aged 8–11 years, during a soccer match and an intrasquad soccer scrimmage, with 63 participants competing in both treatments. The soccer match and intrasquad soccer scrimmage represented out-group and in-group treatments, respectively. Results revealed that testosterone showed (...)
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  48. I Can't Make You Worship Me.Campbell Brown & Yujin Nagasawa - 2005 - Ratio 18 (2):138–144.
    This paper argues that Divine Command Theory is inconsistent with the veiw, held by many theists, that we have a moral obligation to worship God.
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  49.  2
    The Remarkable Surgical Practice of John Benjamin Murphy Edited by Robert L. Schmitz and Timothy T. Oh.Donald Ferguson - 1994 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 37 (2):309-310.
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  50.  24
    Impact of Dialect Use on a Basic Component of Learning to Read.Megan C. Brown, Daragh E. Sibley, Julie A. Washington, Timothy T. Rogers, Jan R. Edwards, Maryellen C. MacDonald & Mark S. Seidenberg - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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