Results for 'Timothy T. Campbell'

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  1.  31
    Corporate Social Responsibility Practices in Developing and Transitional Countries: Botswana and Malawi.Adam Lindgreen, Valérie Swaen & Timothy T. Campbell - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (S3):429 - 440.
    This research empirically investigated the CSR practices of 84 Botswana and Malawi organizations. The findings revealed that the extent and type of CSR practices in these countries did not significantly differ from that proposed by a U. S. model of CSR, nor did they significantly differ between Botswana and Malawi. There were, however, differences between the sampled organizations that clustered into a stakeholder perspective and traditional capitalist model groups. In the latter group, the board of directors, owners, and shareholders were (...)
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  2.  40
    Her Own Decision: Impairment and Authenticity in Adolescence.A. T. Campbell, S. F. Derrington, D. M. Hester & C. D. Lew - 2012 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 23 (1):47-55.
    This case describes an adolescent in a crisis of a chronic medical condition whose situation is complicated by substance abuse and mental illness. D. Micah Hester provides an analytic approach, teasing apart the multiple layers of medical, developmental, and moral issues at hand and describing possible responses and outcomes. Amy T. Campbell examines existing legal guidelines for adolescent decision making, arguing that greater space exists for clinical discretion in these matters than commonly thought. Cheryl D. Lew discusses the development (...)
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  3. Biopolitics: A Reader.Timothy Campbell & Adam Sitze (eds.) - 2013 - Duke University Press.
    This anthology collects the texts that defined the concept of biopolitics, which has become so significant throughout the humanities and social sciences today. The far-reaching influence of the biopolitical—the relation of politics to life, or the state to the body—is not surprising given its centrality to matters such as healthcare, abortion, immigration, and the global distribution of essential medicines and medical technologies. Michel Foucault gave new and unprecedented meaning to the term "biopolitics" in his 1976 essay "Right of Death and (...)
     
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  4. Bios: Biopolitics and Philosophy.Timothy Campbell (ed.) - 2008 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    Roberto Esposito is one of the most prolific and important exponents of contemporary Italian political theory. Bíos -his first book to be translated into English-builds on two decades of highly regarded thought, including his thesis that the modern individual-with all of its civil and political rights as well as its moral powers-is an attempt to attain immunity from the contagion of the extraindividual, namely, the community. In Bíos, Esposito applies such a paradigm of immunization to the analysis of the radical (...)
     
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  5. Communitas: The Origin and Destiny of Community.Timothy Campbell (ed.) - 2009 - Stanford University Press.
    No theme has been more central to international philosophical debates than that of community: from American communitarianism to Habermas's ethic of communication to the French deconstruction of community in the work of Derrida and Nancy. Nevertheless, in none of these cases has the concept been examined from the perspective of community's original etymological meaning: _cum munus_. In _Communitas: The Origin and Destiny of Community_, Roberto Esposito does just that through an original counter-history of political philosophy that takes up not only (...)
     
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  6. Cogito Ergo Sum: Christopher Peacocke and John Campbell: II—Lichtenberg and the Cogito.John Campbell - 2012 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 112 (3pt3):361-378.
    Our use of ‘I’, or something like it, is implicated in our self-regarding emotions, in the concern to survive, and so seems basic to ordinary human life. But why does that pattern of use require a referring term? Don't Lichtenberg's formulations show how we could have our ordinary pattern of use here without the first person? I argue that what explains our compulsion to regard the first person as a referring term is our ordinary causal thinking, which requires us to (...)
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  7.  35
    Why We Shouldn't Reason Classically, and the Implications for Artificial Intelligence.Douglas Campbell - 2016 - In C. Vincent Müller (ed.), Computing and Philosophy: Selected Papers From Iacap 2014. Springer Verlag. pp. 151--165.
    In this paper I argue that human beings should reason, not in accordance with classical logic, but in accordance with a weaker ‘reticent logic’. I characterize reticent logic, and then show that arguments for the existence of fundamental Gödelian limitations on artificial intelligence are undermined by the idea that we should reason reticently, not classically.
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  8.  17
    Fred Aftalion. A History of the International Chemical Industry, Translated by Otto T. Benfey. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1991. Pp. Xxiv + 411. ISBN 0-8122-8207-8, £37.95; 0-8122-1297-5, £14.20. [REVIEW]Alex Campbell - 1992 - British Journal for the History of Science 25 (3):374-375.
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  9.  7
    Case Study: Don't Let My Baby Be Like Me.A. G. M. Campbell, Clara Pinto Correia, Hiroko Kawashima & Ebun O. Ekunwe - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (4):25.
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  10.  31
    … And Their Instruments M. J. T. Lewis: Surveying Instruments of Greece and Rome . Pp. XX + 389, Ills. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001. Cased, £55. Isbn: 0-521-79297-. [REVIEW]Brian Campbell - 2002 - The Classical Review 52 (02):343-.
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  11.  19
    Review of Peter T. Ellison and Peter B. Gray (Editors), Endocrinology of Social Relationships (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2009). [REVIEW]Anne Campbell - 2012 - Human Nature 23 (1):127-132.
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  12.  10
    Sophocles, O.T. 220–1: Corrigenda.A. Y. Campbell - 1956 - Classical Quarterly 6 (1-2):54-.
    In C.Q. N.s. iv , 10–12, I gave an elaborate diagnosis of the morbid symptoms in sense and syntax of the traditional text. I then proposed , rendering ‘as I now am doing, without success’. Professor W. M. Edwards wrote to me that he accepted ‘this very helpful analysis of the trouble', but not my emendation, on the ground that O.'s admission of failure would be ‘a factual statement requiring ’.
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  13.  16
    The Evolution of Christian Thought. By T.A. Burkill. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press. 1971, Pp. 504. $12.50.H. B. Timothy - 1971 - Dialogue 10 (4):854-855.
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  14.  7
    Mediation-More Than an Opportunity to Settle: Don't Miss Out on The'hidden'benefits.John Campbell - 2013 - Ethos: Official Publication of the Law Society of the Australian Capital Territory 228:20.
  15.  3
    The Moral Philosophy of T. H. Green.David M. A. Campbell - 1989 - Philosophical Books 30 (3):147-149.
  16. GEACH, P. T., "Providence and Evil" and "The Virtues". [REVIEW]R. Campbell - 1980 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 58:198.
  17. Sceplicism and Construction. By E. T. Mitchell. [REVIEW]Charles A. Campbell - 1933 - Ethics 44:362.
     
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  18.  99
    Methodology and Epistemology for Social Science: Selected Papers.Donald Thomas Campbell - 1988 - University of Chicago Press.
    Since the 1950s, Donald T. Campbell has been one of the most influential contributors to the methodology of the social sciences. A distinguished psychologist, he has published scores of widely cited journal articles, and two awards, in social psychology and in public policy, have been named in his honor. This book is the first to collect his most significant papers, and it demonstrates the breadth and originality of his work.
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  19. Bios, Immunity, Life: The Thought of Roberto Esposito.Timothy Campbell - 2006 - Diacritics 36 (2):2-22.
    Intended both as an introduction to the thought of the Italian philosopher Roberto Esposito and as a mapping of current biopolitical practice, this essay traces the contributions and the limits of recent Italian contributions to the discussion of biopolitics. The essay offers a summary of Esposito's insight into the relation of community and immunity and compares his thinking to other philosophers who take immunity as their object of study . Campbell goes on to read Esposito's privileging of bios in (...)
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  20. Improper Life: Technology and Biopolitics From Heidegger to Agamben.Timothy C. Campbell - 2011 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    Has biopolitics actually become thanatopolitics, a field of study obsessed with death? Is there something about the nature of biopolitical thought today that makes it impossibile to deploy affirmatively? If this is true, what can life-minded thinkers put forward as the merits of biopolitical reflection? These questions drive Improper Life.Campbell argues that a "crypto-thanatopolitics" can be teased out of Heidegger's critique of technology and that some of the leading scholars of biopolitics---including Michel Foucault, Giorgio Agamben, and Peter Sloterdijk---have been (...)
     
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  21.  37
    Action, Ethics, and Responsibility.Joseph Keim Campbell, Michael O'Rourke & Harry S. Silverstein (eds.) - 2010 - Bradford.
    Most philosophical explorations of responsibility discuss the topic solely in terms of metaphysics and the "free will" problem. By contrast, these essays by leading philosophers view responsibility from a variety of perspectives -- metaphysics, ethics, action theory, and the philosophy of law. After a broad, framing introduction by the volume's editors, the contributors consider such subjects as responsibility as it relates to the "free will" problem; the relation between responsibility and knowledge or ignorance; the relation between causal and moral responsibility; (...)
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  22.  34
    Matching Bias on the Selection Task: It's Fast and Feels Good.Valerie A. Thompson, Jonathan St B. T. Evans & Jamie I. D. Campbell - 2013 - Thinking and Reasoning 19 (3-4):431-452.
    We tested the hypothesis that choices determined by Type 1 processes are compelling because they are fluent, and for this reason they are less subject to analytic thinking than other answers. A total of 104 participants completed a modified version of Wason's selection task wherein they made decisions about one card at a time using a two-response paradigm. In this paradigm participants gave a fast, intuitive response, rated their feeling of rightness for that response, and were then allowed free time (...)
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  23.  6
    Violence, Teenage Pregnancy, and Life History.Lee T. Copping, Anne Campbell & Steven Muncer - 2013 - Human Nature 24 (2):137-157.
    Guided by principles of life history strategy development, this study tested the hypothesis that sexual precocity and violence are influenced by sensitivities to local environmental conditions. Two models of strategy development were compared: The first is based on indirect perception of ecological cues through family disruption and the second is based on both direct and indirect perception of ecological stressors. Results showed a moderate correlation between rates of violence and sexual precocity (r = 0.59). Although a model incorporating direct and (...)
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  24.  14
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]William T. Lowe, Jack K. Campbell, Jack Conrad Willers, John R. Thelin, Barbara Townsend, W. Bruce Leslie, Defalco, Frederick L. Silverman, Edward G. Rozycki, Gertrude Langsam, Alanson van Fleet, Michael Story, James M. Giarelli, J. J. Chambliss, J. E. Christensen & Kenneth C. Schmidt - 1982 - Educational Studies 13 (1):51-86.
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  25. Milestones in 150 Years of the Chemical Industry.P. J. T. Morris, W. A. Campbell, H. L. Roberts & J. K. Smith - 1994 - Annals of Science 51 (6):680.
  26.  60
    Blind Variation and Selective Retentions in Creative Thought as in Other Knowledge Processes.Donald T. Campbell - 1960 - Psychological Review 67 (6):380-400.
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  27. Downward Causation.Donald T. Campbell - 1974 - In F. Ayala & T. Dobzhansky (eds.), Studies in the Philosophy of Biology. University of California Press. pp. 179--186.
     
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  28.  43
    A Naturalistic Theory of Archaic Moral Orders.Donald T. Campbell - 1991 - Zygon 26 (1):91-114.
  29.  64
    11.'Downward Causation'in Hierarchically Organised Biological Systems.Donald T. Campbell - 1974 - In Francisco Jose Ayala & Theodosius Grigorievich Dobzhansky (eds.), Studies in the Philosophy of Biology: Reduction and Related Problems. University of California Press. pp. 179.
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  30.  70
    On the Conflicts Between Biological and Social Evolution and Between Psychology and Moral Tradition.Donald T. Campbell - 1976 - Zygon 11 (3):167-208.
  31.  3
    Perception as Substitute Trial and Error.Donald T. Campbell - 1956 - Psychological Review 63 (5):330-342.
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  32.  44
    Variations in Variation and Selection: The Ubiquity of the Variation-and-Selective-Retention Ratchet in Emergent Organizational Complexity. [REVIEW]Mark H. Bickhard & Donald T. Campbell - 2003 - Foundations of Science 8 (3):215-282.
    The variation and selection form of explanationcan be prescinded from the evolutionary biologyhome ground in which it was discovered and forwhich it has been most developed. When this isdone, variation and selection explanations arefound to have potential application to a widerange of phenomena, far beyond the classicalbiological ground and the contemporaryextensions into epistemological domains. Itappears as the form of explanation most suitedto phenomena of fit. It is also found toparticipate in multiple interestingrelationships with other forms of explanation. We proceed with (...)
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  33. Bioethics in the Public Square: Reflections on the How.A. T. Campbell - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (7):439-441.
    As bioethics gains more prominence in public policy debates, it is time to more fully reflect on the following: what is its role in the public square, and what limitations relate to and barriers impede its fulfilment of this role? I contend we should consider the how of bioethics (as a policy influencer) rather than simply focus on the who or what of bioethical enquiry. This is not to suggest considerations of latter categories are not important, only that too little (...)
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  34.  19
    Separating Perceptual and Linguistic Effects of Context Shifts Upon Absolute Judgments.David L. Krantz & Donald T. Campbell - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (1):35.
  35.  13
    Judgments of Weight as Affected by Adaptation Range, Adaptation Duration, Magnitude of Unlabeled Anchor, and Judgmental Language.O. J. Harvey & Donald T. Campbell - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (1):12.
  36.  31
    Unjustified Variation and Selective Retention in Scientific Discovery.Donald T. Campbell - 1974 - In F. Ayala & T. Dobzhansky (eds.), Studies in the Philosophy of Biology. University of California Press. pp. 139--161.
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  37.  3
    Adam Smith's Science of Morals.Pall S. Ardal & T. D. Campbell - 1973 - Philosophical Review 82 (4):542.
  38.  50
    Methodological Suggestions From a Comparative Psychology of Knowledge Processes.Donald T. Campbell - 1959 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 2 (1-4):152 – 182.
    Introductory Abstract Philosophers of science, in the course of making a sharp distinction between the tasks of the philosopher and those of the scientist, have pointed to the possibility of an empirical science of induction. A comparative psychology of knowledge processes is offered as one aspect of this potential enterprise. From fragments of such a psychology, methodological suggestions are drawn relevant to several chronic problems in the social sciences, including the publication of negative results from novel explorations, the operational diagnosis (...)
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  39.  22
    How Bioethics Can Enrich Medical-Legal Collaborations.Amy T. Campbell, Jay Sicklick, Paula Galowitz, Randye Retkin & Stewart B. Fleishman - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (4):847-862.
    Medical-legal partnerships (MLPs) — collaborative endeavors between health care clinicians and lawyers to more effectively address issues impacting health care — have proliferated over the past decade. The goal of this interdisciplinary approach is to improve the health outcomes and quality of life of patients and families, recognizing the many non-medical influences on health care and thus the value of an interdisciplinary team to enhance health. This article examines the unique, interrelated ethical issues that confront the clinical and legal partners (...)
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  40.  30
    The Immunization Paradigm.Roberto Esposito & Timothy Campbell - 2006 - Diacritics 36 (2):23-48.
    In the following excerpt from Bios, Esposito sketches the template of immunity as a response to what he calls a "hermeneutic block" in Foucault's notion of biopolitics. After singling out those moments of greatest tension in Foucault's reading of biopolitics especially as it relates to Nazi thanatopolitics, Esposito sets out in detail the most important features of what he calls the immunization paradigm. Consisting of three dispositifs, namely sovereignty, property, and liberty, the immunitary paradigm has for Esposito a decisively modern (...)
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  41.  17
    From the Immune Community to the Communitarian Immunity: On the Recent Reflections of Roberto Esposito.Rossella Bonito Oliva & Timothy Campbell - 2006 - Diacritics 36 (2):70-82.
    In this survey of Roberto Esposito's thought, Bonito Oliva reflects upon the stakes of reading biopolitics in an immunitary key. After sketching the features of a "fundamental crisis in the sense of coexistence," the author, moving from ancient to modern philosophy, emphasizes the centrality of fear in Esposito's understanding of the origins of community. The importance of fear explains in part the intrinsic relation community has to immunity for Esposito, in which immunity is figured primarily as a negative form of (...)
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  42.  17
    How Bioethics Can Enrich Medical-Legal Collaborations.Amy T. Campbell, Jay Sicklick, Paula Galowitz, Randye Retkin & Stewart B. Fleishman - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (4):847-862.
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  43. Antenatal Injury and the Rights of the Foetus.T. D. Campbell & A. J. M. McKay - 1978 - Philosophical Quarterly 28 (110):17-30.
  44.  50
    The Conflict Between Social and Biological Evolution and the Concept of Original Sin.Donald T. Campbell - 1975 - Zygon 10 (3):234-249.
  45.  11
    Teaching Law in Medical Schools: First, Reflect.Amy T. Campbell - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (2):301-310.
  46.  27
    Comment on "the Natural Selection Model of Conceptual Evolution".Donald T. Campbell - 1977 - Philosophy of Science 44 (3):502-507.
  47.  8
    Review of Ingmar Persson’s Inclusive Ethics: Extending Beneficence and Egalitarian Justice. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017, 288 Pp. [REVIEW]Timothy Campbell - 2017 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 10 (2):76-87.
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  48.  15
    Teaching Law in Medical Schools: First, Reflect.Amy T. Campbell - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (2):301-310.
    Law is now routinely included in the medical school curriculum, often incorporated into bioethics and/or practice of medicine coursework. There seems to lack, however, a systematic understanding of what works in terms of getting across an effective depth and breadth of legal knowledge for medical students — or what such would even look like. Moreover, and more critically, while some literature addresses these what, when, how, and who questions, a more fundamental question is left unanswered: why teach law in medical (...)
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  49.  13
    Intervening in Clinical Research to Prevent the Onset of Psychoses: Conflicts and Obligations.T. Lysaght, B. J. Capps, A. V. Campbell, M. Subramaniam & S. -A. Chong - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (5):319-321.
    A prevailing issue in clinical research is the duty clinicians have to treat or prevent the progression of disease during a study that they are conducting. While all clinical researchers have a duty of care for the patients who participate in clinical research, intervening at the onset or progression of disease may skew results and have a negative impact on the scientific validity of a study. Extreme examples of failures to intervene can be found in the Tuskegee syphilis study and (...)
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  50.  39
    Perfect and Imperfect Obligations.T. D. Campbell - 1975 - Modern Schoolman 52 (3):285-294.
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