32 found
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  1.  50
    The Hidden Order of Preformation: Plans, Functions, and Hierarchies in the Organic Systems of Louis Bourguet, Charles Bonnet and Georges Cuvier.Tobias Cheung - 2006 - Early Science and Medicine 11 (1):11-49.
    In eighteenth-century French natural history, the notion of preformation was not only a model for a small preexisting embryo that gradually extended its shape through the influx of particles, but also for an order that coordinated the dynamic relation between organic parts. Preformation depended therefore also on a hidden order behind the continuity of visible forms. Louis Bourguet, Charles Bonnet, and Georges Cuvier distinguished three organizational levels: First, the synchronic or functional order of organic systems; second, the diachronic order of (...)
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  2.  44
    What is an" Organism"? On the Occurrence of a New Term and Its Conceptual Transformations 1680-1850.Tobias Cheung - 2010 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 32 (2/3).
  3.  45
    From Protoplasm to Umwelt: Plans and the Technique of Nature in Jakob von Uexküll’s Theory of Organismic Order.Tobias Cheung - 2004 - Sign Systems Studies 32 (1/2):139-166.
    For Uexküll, biology is the science of the organization of living beings. In the context of Entwicklungsmechanik, he refers to Driesch’s and Spemann’s experiments on the development of embryonic germ cells to prove that self-differentiating processes constitute organisms as natural objects. Uexküll focuses on the theory of such self-differentiating processes or organizations. The notion of organization implies for him a “technique of nature” that is capable of structuring organic and inorganic material according to plans and rules. These plans and rules (...)
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  4.  13
    Omnis Fibra Ex Fibra : Fibre Economies in Bonnet's and Diderot's Models of Organic Order.Tobias Cheung - 2010 - In Early Science and Medicine. Brill. pp. 66-104.
    In a long-term transformation, that begins in Antiquity but takes a crucial turn in the Renaissance anatomies, the “fibre” becomes from around 1750 the operative building block and at the same time the first unifying principle of function-structure-complexes of organic bodies. It occupies the role that the cell takes up in the cell œconomies of the second third of the nineteenth century. In this paper, I will first discuss some key notions, technical analogies, and images that are related to “fibre”-concepts (...)
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  5.  6
    Omnis Fibra Ex Fibra: Fibre OEconomies in Bonnet’s and Diderot’s Models of Organic Order.Tobias Cheung - 2010 - Early Science and Medicine 15 (1-2):66-104.
    In a long-term transformation, that begins in Antiquity but takes a crucial turn in the Renaissance anatomies, the “fibre” becomes from around 1750 the operative building block and at the same time the first unifying principle of function-structure-complexes of organic bodies. It occupies the role that the cell takes up in the cell œconomies of the second third of the nineteenth century. In this paper, I will first discuss some key notions, technical analogies, and images that are related to “fibre”-concepts (...)
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  6.  20
    Charles Bonnets Allgemeine Systemtheorie Organismischer Ordnung.Tobias Cheung - 2004 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 26 (2):177-207.
    In diesem Artikel geht es um die historische und konzeptuelle Entwicklung von Charles Bonnets (1720-1793) allgemeiner Systemtheorie organismischer Ordnung. Hierfür wird der Kontext von Bonnets Ansatz in Naturgeschichte und Philosophie rekonstruiert. Leitfaden zur Analyse von Bonnets Systemtheorie bildet das Problem der doppelten Verortung des Organischen: Zum einen unterscheiden sich organisierte Körper durch ihre Ordnungsform von allen nicht organisierten Körpern, und zum anderen reihen sie sich zusammen mit den nicht-organisierten Körpern in eine Stufenleiter der Wesen ein, die von den Elementen bis (...)
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  7.  96
    Bodies of Thought. Science, Religion, and the Soul in the Early Enlightenment.Tobias Cheung - 2010 - Early Science and Medicine 15 (3):313-314.
  8.  12
    Limits of Life and Death: Legallois’s Decapitation Experiments. [REVIEW]Tobias Cheung - 2013 - Journal of the History of Biology 46 (2):283-313.
    In Expériences sur le principe de la vie (Chez D’Hautel, Paris, 1812), Jean César Legallois, a French physician and physiologist, explored the basic regulatory framework of vital processes of warm-blooded animals. He decapitated rabbits and cut off their limbs in order to search for a seat of life that is located in the spinal cord. Through ligatures and artificial pulmonary insufflations, he kept the trunks of rabbits alive for some minutes. Legallois thus criticized models of organic order in which the (...)
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  9.  30
    Regulating Agents, Functional Interactions, and Stimulus-Reaction-Schemes: The Concept of “Organism” in the Organic System Theories of Stahl, Bordeu, and Barthez.Tobias Cheung - 2008 - Science in Context 21 (4):495-519.
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  10. Documents-Cuvier and the Perfection of the Perfect.Tobias Cheung - 2001 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 54 (4):543-554.
     
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  11.  23
    Transitions and Borders Between Animals, Humans and Machines 1600-1800.Tobias Cheung (ed.) - 2010 - Brill.
    Drawing on natural history, theology and philosophy, this book retraces the shifting foundations of the order of things that characterizes the period between Descartes and Kant with respect to three questions: What is an animal?
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  12.  35
    Les forces vitales et leur distribution dans la nature.Tobias Cheung - 2007 - Early Science and Medicine 12 (4):461-462.
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  13.  31
    Diderot's Part.Tobias Cheung - 2009 - Early Science and Medicine 14 (4):597-598.
  14.  28
    Die anthropologische Differenz. Der Geist der Tiere in der frühen Neuzeit bei Montaigne, Descartes und Hume. [REVIEW]Tobias Cheung - 2009 - Early Science and Medicine 14 (4):588-589.
  15.  26
    The Emergence of a Scientific Culture. Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685.Tobias Cheung - 2009 - Early Science and Medicine 14 (4):559-560.
  16. Epigenesis in optima forma: Die, Einfügung und, Verwicklung des organismischen Subjekts in Jakob von Uexkülls theoretischer Biologie.Tobias Cheung - 2005 - Philosophia Naturalis 42 (1):103-126.
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  17.  15
    Experimentalsysteme und epistemische Dinge. Eine Geschichte der Proteinsynthese im Reagenzglas. [REVIEW]Tobias Cheung - 2005 - Dialogue 44 (4):805-808.
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  18.  18
    Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière, avec la description du Cabinet du Royna.Tobias Cheung - 2008 - Early Science and Medicine 13 (5):527-528.
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  19.  18
    Historisches Wörterbuch der Biologie. Geschichte und Theorie der biologischen Grundbegriffe.Tobias Cheung - 2012 - Early Science and Medicine 17 (3):369-370.
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  20.  17
    The Problem of Animal Generation in Early Modern Philosophy. [REVIEW]Tobias Cheung - 2007 - Early Science and Medicine 12 (2):242-243.
  21.  16
    Irritating Experiments. Haller's Concept and the European Controversy on Irritability and Sensibility, 1750-90. [REVIEW]Tobias Cheung - 2007 - Early Science and Medicine 12 (2):244-245.
  22.  16
    Heredity Produced. At the Crossroads of Biology, Politics, and Culture, 1500-1870. [REVIEW]Tobias Cheung - 2007 - Early Science and Medicine 12 (4):463-464.
  23.  13
    Protoplasmast omailmani.Tobias Cheung - 2004 - Sign Systems Studies 32 (1-2):167-167.
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  24.  14
    Le Vivant Chez Leibniz.Tobias Cheung - 2008 - Early Science and Medicine 13 (4):414-415.
  25. Cuvier Et la Perfection du Parfait'.Tobias Cheung - 2001 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 4:543-553.
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  26.  17
    Experimentalsysteme und epistemische Dinge. Eine Geschichte der Proteinsynthese im Reagenzglas Hans-Jörg Rheinberger Göttingen, Wallstein Verlag 2001, 344 p. [REVIEW]Tobias Cheung - 2005 - Dialogue 44 (4):805-.
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  27.  7
    Embodied Stimuli: Bonnet's Statue of a Sensitive Agent.Tobias Cheung - 2010 - In Charles T. Wolfe & Ofer Gal (eds.), The Body as Object and Instrument of Knowledge. Embodied Empiricism in Early Modern Science. Springer. pp. 309--331.
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  28.  6
    От протоплазмы до умвельта.Tobias Cheung - 2004 - Sign Systems Studies 32 (1-2):166-167.
    For Uexküll, biology is the science of the organization of living beings. In the context of Entwicklungsmechanik, he refers to Driesch’s and Spemann’s experiments on the development of embryonic germ cells to prove that self-differentiating processes constitute organisms as natural objects. Uexküll focuses on the theory of such self-differentiating processes or organizations. The notion of organization implies for him a “technique of nature” that is capable of structuring organic and inorganic material according to plans and rules. These plans and rules (...)
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  29.  5
    Grégoire Chamayou. Les corps vils: Expérimenter sur les êtres humains aux XVIIIe et XIXe siècles. 423 pp., illus., tables, bibl., index. Paris: Éditions La Découverte, 2008. €24.50. [REVIEW]Tobias Cheung - 2009 - Isis 100 (3):633-634.
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  30.  3
    Janina Wellmann. Die Form des Werdens: Eine Kulturgeschichte der Embryologie, 1760–1830. 429 pp., illus., bibl., index. Göttingen: Wallstein Verlag, 2010. €39.90. [REVIEW]Tobias Cheung - 2012 - Isis 103 (1):205-206.
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  31.  13
    Cuvier Et la Perfection du Parfait / Cuvier and the Perfection of the Perfect.Tobias Cheung - 2001 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 54 (4):543-554.
  32.  4
    [The Structure of Agency: Georg Ernst Stahl's Model of Organic Order and the Role That It Plays for the Difference Between Living and Non-Living Beings].Tobias Cheung - 2006 - Early Science and Medicine 12 (4):337-375.
    This essay focuses on the structure of agency in Georg Ernst Stahl's model of organic order and the role that it plays for the difference between living and non-living beings in the discourses of medicine and natural history around 1700. Stahl calls the order of organic beings an "organism". He characterizes the "organism" through the notions of tonic movement, energy and ratio. The tonic movement is a mechanism of contraction and relaxation of organic units to direct fluids to certain parts (...)
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