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Toby Schonfeld [39]Toby L. Schonfeld [19]
  1.  4
    Between Usual and Crisis Phases of a Public Health Emergency: The Mediating Role of Contingency Measures.David Alfandre, Virginia Ashby Sharpe, Cynthia Geppert, Mary Beth Foglia, Kenneth Berkowitz, Barbara Chanko & Toby Schonfeld - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (8):4-16.
    Much of the sustained attention on pandemic preparedness has focused on the ethical justification for plans for the “crisis” phase of a surge when, despite augmentation efforts, the demand for life...
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  2.  89
    The Perils of Protection: Vulnerability and Women in Clinical Research.Toby Schonfeld - 2013 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (3):189-206.
    Subpart B of 45 Code of Federal Regulations Part 46 (CFR) identifies the criteria according to which research involving pregnant women, human fetuses, and neonates can be conducted ethically in the United States. As such, pregnant women and fetuses fall into a category requiring “additional protections,” often referred to as “vulnerable populations.” The CFR does not define vulnerability, but merely gives examples of vulnerable groups by pointing to different categories of potential research subjects needing additional protections. In this paper, I (...)
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  3.  27
    Guidance for Healthcare Ethics Committees.D. Micah Hester & Toby Schonfeld (eds.) - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Introduction to healthcare ethics committees / D. Micah Hester and Toby Schonfeld -- Brief introduction to ethics and ethical theory / D. Micah Hester and Toby Schonfeld -- Ethics committees and the law / Stephen Latham -- Cultural and ...
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  4.  36
    Reflections on Teaching Health Care Ethics on the Web.Toby L. Schonfeld - 2005 - Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (3):481-494.
    As web instruction becomes more and more prevalent at universities across the country, instructors of ethics are being encouraged to develop online courses to meet the needs of a diverse array of students. Web instruction is often viewed as a cost-saving technique, where large numbers of students can be reached by distance education in an effort to conserve classroom and instructor resources. In practice, however, the reverse is often true: online courses require more of faculty time and effort than do (...)
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  5.  3
    Talking Can Be Harmful Depending on What You Say.Cynthia M. A. Geppert & Toby Schonfeld - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (12):42-44.
    McCarthy, Homan, and Rozier’s presentation of theological anthropology and its contribution to secular bioethics suffers from three primary limitations. First, the article re...
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  6.  25
    “You Don't Know Me, But …”: Access to Patient Data and Subject Recruitment in Human Subjects Research.Toby Schonfeld, Joseph S. Brown, N. Jean Amoura & Bruce Gordon - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (11):31-38.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 11, Page 31-38, November 2011.
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  7.  15
    Examining Ethics.Toby Schonfeld, Hugh Stoddard & Cory Andrew Labrecque - 2014 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (4):461-471.
    Assessing mastery of bioethics in a graduate program requires careful attention not simply to the content knowledge and skill development of students but also to the principles of sound assessment processes. In this article, we describe the rationale, development process, and features of the comprehensive exam we created as a culminating experience of a master’s program in bioethics. The exam became the students’ opportunity to demonstrate the way they were able to integrate course, textual, and practical knowledge gained throughout the (...)
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  8.  8
    Partnering, Not Enduring: Citizen Science and Research Participation.Lisa M. Rasmussen & Toby Schonfeld - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):44-45.
    Volume 19, Issue 9, September 2019, Page 44-45.
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  9.  32
    The Declaration of Helsinki Through a Feminist Lens.Lisa Eckenwiler, Dafna Feinholz, Carolyn Ells & Toby Schonfeld - 2008 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (1):161-177.
    This commentary was submitted to the World Medical Association on behalf of the International Network on Feminist Approaches to Bioethics. Our submission included (1) a description of feminist research ethics, (2) suggestions for specific revisions to the Declaration, and (3) elements found in other international research ethics codes that are important from a feminist perspective. Our goals were to encourage the WMA to craft a declaration that: (1) conceptualizes issues of vulnerability in richer and more nuanced ways, (2) resists the (...)
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  10.  10
    Hopes for Helsinki: Reconsidering “Vulnerability”.Lisa A. Eckenwiler, Carolyn Ells, Dafna Feinholz & Toby Schonfeld - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (10):765-766.
    The Declaration of Helsinki is recognised worldwide as a cornerstone of research ethics. Working in the wake of the Nazi doctors’ trials at Nuremberg, drafters of the Declaration set out to codify the obligations of physician-researchers to research participants. Its significance cannot be overstated. Indeed, it is cited in most major guidelines on research involving humans and in the regulations of over a dozen countries.Although it has undergone five revisions,1 and most recently incorporated language aimed at addressing concerns over research (...)
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  11.  21
    Contraception in Research: A Policy Suggestion.Toby L. Schonfeld & Bruce G. Gordon - 2005 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 27 (2):15.
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  12.  19
    Introduction to Healthcare Ethics Committees.D. Micah Hester & Toby Schonfeld - 2012 - In D. Micah Hester & Toby Schonfeld (eds.), Guidance for Healthcare Ethics Committees. Cambridge University Press. pp. 1.
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  13.  33
    Sex and Blood: A Deeper Exploration of Discrimination in the FDA Blood Donor Policy.Christopher Fisher & Toby Schonfeld - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (2):40-42.
  14.  23
    Parents of Unhappy Poets: Fiduciary Responsibility and Genetic Enhancements.Toby Schonfeld - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (4):411-417.
    “What is a poet? An unhappy person who conceals profound anguish in his heart but whose lips are so formed that as sighs and cries pass over them they sound like beautiful music.” These opening lines from Kierkegaard's Either/Or signify a tragic state of affairs because the poet brings joy to others and yet experiences no joy himself. In a similar vein, consider the child prodigy—Bobby Fischer, Shirley Temple, Mozart. Although there is no question that these children were gifted, there (...)
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  15.  11
    Qualitative Differences Between Two Methods of Ethics Education: Focus Group Results.Toby Schonfeld, Kristina Johnson, Ethan Seville, Colleen Suratt & Jennifer Goedken - 2015 - Ethics and Social Welfare 9 (3):240-254.
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  16.  22
    Gatekeeping and Personal Values: Misuses of Professional Roles.D. Micah Hester, Toby Schonfeld & Jean Amoura - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (6):27 – 28.
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  17. Brief Introduction to Ethics and Ethical Theory.D. Micah Hester & Toby Schonfeld - 2012 - In D. Micah Hester & Toby Schonfeld (eds.), Guidance for Healthcare Ethics Committees. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  18. Confidentiality.Toby Schonfeld - 2012 - In D. Micah Hester & Toby Schonfeld (eds.), Guidance for Healthcare Ethics Committees. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  19.  24
    Cutting History, Cutting Culture: Female Circumcision in the United States.Sarah Webber & Toby Schonfeld - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (2):65-66.
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  20.  66
    Pre-Test/Post-Test Results From an Online Ethics Course: Qualitative Assessment of Student Learning.Toby Schonfeld, Erin L. Dahlke & John M. Longo - 2011 - Teaching Philosophy 34 (3):273-290.
    Although online education is becoming increasingly commonplace in health professional education, methods to evaluate student progress and knowledge base adequately remain uncertain. This paper describes a project that attempted to assess whether or not an online course was an effective way to teach applied ethics to students preparing for the health professions by qualitatively analyzing responses to a pre-test and post-test administered to students in the course. While previous studies have reported various findings regarding the success of online ethics courses, (...)
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  21. Ideal Vs. Real: Revisiting Contraceptive Guidelines.Toby Schonfeld, Joseph Brown, N. Amoura & Bruce Gordon - 2010 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 32 (6):13-16.
    In their article in the September-October 2010 issue of IRB: Ethics & Human Research, Chris Kaposy and Françoise Baylis argue that the contraception policy of the University of Nebraska Medical Center’s institutional review board fails to meet an ethically ideal standard in establishing the criteria investigators should follow when including women of childbearing potential in clinical research. In this response, we argue that the UNMC IRB’s policy is evidence-based and pragmatically oriented and that it therefore better safeguards women’s autonomy than (...)
     
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  22.  16
    Patient Autonomy and the Unfortunate Choice Between Repatriation and Suboptimal Treatment.Kevin Wack & Toby Schonfeld - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (9):6-7.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 9, Page 6-7, September 2012.
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  23.  11
    Women in Early Phase Trials: An IRB's Deliberations.James R. Anderson, Toby L. Schonfeld, Timothy K. Kelso & Ernest D. Prentice - 2002 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 25 (4):7-11.
  24. Data-Sharing Dilemmas: Allowing Pharmaceutical Company Access to Research Data.James Anderson & Toby Schonfeld - 2009 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 31 (3):17-19.
    Pharmaceutical companies can dramatically improve their understanding of how certain drugs work by having access to data from prospective research participants and those enrolled in clinical trials. Yet can data legitimately be used in ways that these individuals have not specifically authorized? In some cases it is ethically acceptable to share data with pharmaceutical companies even if there was no specific consent to do so by appealing to the principles of beneficence and respect for persons. These principles require us to (...)
     
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  25. Case Study: Waiting It Out.Toby L. Schonfeld & Kristine Galich - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
     
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  26. Ethics by Committee: A Textbook on Consultation, Organization, and Education for Hospital Ethics Committees.Micah D. Hester, Dyrleif Bjarnadottir, Mark Bliton, Michael Boyland, Ken DeVille, Stuart Finder, Richard E. Grant, Chris Hackler, Lynn A. Jansen, Nancy Jecker, Kathy Kinlaw, Tracy Koogler, Eugene Kuc, Tim Murphy, David Ozar, Toby Schonfeld, Wayne Shelton & Alissa Swota - 2007 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    While tens of thousands of people across the United States serve on hospital and other healthcare ethics committees , almost no carefully prepared educational material exists for HEC members. Ethics by Committee is a one volume collection of chapters developed exclusively for this educational purpose. Experts in bioethics, clinical consultation, health law, and social psychology from across the country contribute chapters on ethics consultation, education, and policy development.
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  27.  59
    Resuscitating a Bad Patient.Toby L. Schonfeld, Debra J. Romberger, D. Micah Hester & Sarah Elizabeth Shannon - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (1):14-16.
  28.  47
    McLeod, Carolyn, Self-Trust and Reproductive Autonomy.Toby L. Schonfeld - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (3):279-282.
  29.  11
    Introduction to Jewish and Catholic Bioethics: A Comparative Analysis.Toby L. Schonfeld - 2004 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 24 (2):210-212.
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  30.  11
    Dropout by Design: Advance Planning for Research Participant Noncompliance.Toby Schonfeld & James Anderson - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (4):18-20.
  31.  11
    Evaluating Empirical Assessments of Social Risk.Toby Schonfeld & Joseph Brown - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (11):55-56.
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  32.  11
    Where Have All the Theologians Gone and Should We Lament Their Passing?Cynthia M. A. Geppert & Toby Schonfeld - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (6):60-62.
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  33.  4
    Ethical Theory.D. Micah Hester & Toby Schonfeld - 2012 - In D. Micah Hester & Toby Schonfeld (eds.), Guidance for Healthcare Ethics Committees. Cambridge University Press. pp. 9.
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  34.  22
    Protecting Patient Privacy Redux: Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “'You Don't Know Me, But …': Access to Patient Data and Subject Recruitment in Human Subjects Research”.Toby Schonfeld, Joseph S. Brown, N. Jean Amoura & Bruce Gordon - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (1):W1 - W2.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 1, Page W1-W2, January 2012.
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  35.  13
    Pardon My Asking: What's New?D. Micah Hester & Toby Schonfeld - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (8):11-13.
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  36.  17
    Money Matters.Toby Schonfeld, Bruce Gordon, Jean Amoura & Joseph Spencer Brown - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (2):86-88.
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  37.  12
    Pride or Prejudice?Toby L. Schonfeld - 2002 - Philosophical Inquiry 24 (1-2):97-109.
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  38.  7
    Dollars and Deadlines: Rule Reforms in Short Time Frames.Toby Schonfeld, Melinda Gormley & Daniel K. Nelson - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (7):62-64.
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  39.  2
    Smart Men, Beautiful Women: Social Values and Gamete Commodification.Toby L. Schonfeld - 2003 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 23 (3):168-173.
    For couples for whom assisted reproduction is the only way to have genetically related offspring, the donation of gametes by others makes available enhanced reproductive options. There has been an increasing demand for such services, as evidenced by the Web site launched by fashion photographer Ron Harris in the fall of 1999. Although the sale of such gametes is not new, this Web site does speak to a different set of priorities and values than has been witnessed in the context (...)
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  40.  4
    Finding Common Ground and Advancing Engagement in Citizen Science.Toby Schonfeld - 2019 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 9 (1):41-45.
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  41.  8
    iPLEDGE Allegiance to the Pill: Evaluation of Year 1 of a Birth Defect Prevention and Monitoring System.Toby L. Schonfeld, N. Jean Amoura & Christopher J. Kratochvil - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (1):104-117.
    Following the widespread occurrence of birth defects from the use of thalidomide to treat nausea during pregnancy in the 1960s and 1970s, the Food and Drug Administration became particularly vigilant about the use of therapeutic agents during pregnancy and in women of childbearing potential. The FDA developed a list that categorizes an agent according to the known risks to a fetus. The drug thalidomide falls into Category X: agents that have demonstrated clear risk of fetal abnormalities and whose risks outweigh (...)
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  42.  3
    Researchers Experience Moral Distress Too!Cynthia M. A. Geppert & Toby Schonfeld - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):100-101.
    Traditional approaches to human subjects protections in the United States focus on the ethical principles from the Belmont Report: respect for persons, beneficence, and justice. Since research regu...
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  43.  7
    Reflections From Fellow Feds: Addressing Delays in Oversight of Federally Funded Research.Toby Schonfeld & Daniel K. Nelson - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (8):50-52.
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  44.  2
    Implementing VA’s Authoritative Ethical Guidance in a Pandemic.Toby Schonfeld, David Alfandre, Kenneth Berkowitz, Barbara Chanko, Mary Beth Foglia & Cynthia Geppert - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):145-147.
    Volume 20, Issue 7, July 2020, Page 145-147.
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  45.  8
    Waiting It Out.Toby L. Schonfeld & Kristine Galich - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (2):16-16.
  46.  8
    Connecting Certification and Education.Toby Schonfeld, Cory Labrecque & Hugh Stoddard - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (1):18-19.
  47.  8
    The Organ‐That‐Must‐Not‐Be‐Named: Female Genitals and Generalized References.Sarah B. Rodriguez & Toby L. Schonfeld - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 42 (3):19-21.
  48.  13
    Balancing Bioethics.Toby L. Schonfeld - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (4):32 – 33.
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  49.  9
    Power in Practice: Best Interests or Coercive Control?April R. Dworetz & Toby Schonfeld - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (12):62-63.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 12, Page 62-63, December 2011.
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  50.  10
    Pragmatism, Principles, and Protection.D. Micah Hester, Joseph Brown & Toby Schonfeld - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (4):32 – 34.
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