Results for 'Todd A. Oliynyk'

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  1.  28
    Hidden Measurements, Hidden Variables and the Volume Representation of Transition Probabilities.Todd A. Oliynyk - 2005 - Foundations of Physics 35 (1):85-107.
    We construct, for any finite dimension n, a new hidden measurement model for quantum mechanics based on representing quantum transition probabilities by the volume of regions in projective Hilbert space. For n=2 our model is equivalent to the Aerts sphere model and serves as a generalization of it for dimensions n .≥ 3 We also show how to construct a hidden variables scheme based on hidden measurements and we discuss how joint distributions arise in our hidden variables scheme and their (...)
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  2.  12
    Classical-Quantum Limits.Todd A. Oliynyk - 2016 - Foundations of Physics 46 (12):1551-1572.
    We introduce a new approach to analyzing the interaction between classical and quantum systems that is based on a limiting procedure applied to multi-particle Schrödinger equations. The limit equations obtained by this procedure, which we refer to as the classical-quantum limit, govern the interaction between classical and quantum systems, and they possess many desirable properties that are inherited in the limit from the multi-particle quantum system. As an application, we use the classical-quantum limit equations to identify the source of the (...)
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  3. A Problem for Guidance Control.Patrick Todd & Neal A. Tognazzini - 2008 - Philosophical Quarterly 58 (233):685-692.
    Central to Fischer and Ravizza's theory of moral responsibility is the concept of guidance control, which involves two conditions: (1) moderate reasons-responsiveness, and (2) mechanism ownership. We raise a worry for Fischer and Ravizza's account of (1). If an agent acts contrary to reasons which he could not recognize, this should lead us to conclude that he is not morally responsible for his behaviour; but according to Fischer and Ravizza's account, he satisfies the conditions for guidance control and is therefore (...)
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  4.  2
    From Genome to Aetiology in a Multifactorial Disease, Type 1 Diabetes.John A. Todd - 1999 - Bioessays 21 (2):164-174.
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  5. Future Contingents Are All False! On Behalf of a Russellian Open Future.Patrick Todd - 2016 - Mind 125 (499):775-798.
    There is a familiar debate between Russell and Strawson concerning bivalence and ‘the present King of France’. According to the Strawsonian view, ‘The present King of France is bald’ is neither true nor false, whereas, on the Russellian view, that proposition is simply false. In this paper, I develop what I take to be a crucial connection between this debate and a different domain where bivalence has been at stake: future contingents. On the familiar ‘Aristotelian’ view, future contingent propositions are (...)
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  6. A Unified Account of the Moral Standing to Blame.Patrick Todd - 2017 - Noûs:347-374.
    Recently, philosophers have turned their attention to the question, not when a given agent is blameworthy for what she does, but when a further agent has the moral standing to blame her for what she does. Philosophers have proposed at least four conditions on having “moral standing”: -/- 1. One’s blame would not be “hypocritical”. 2. One is not oneself “involved in” the target agent’s wrongdoing. 3. One must be warranted in believing that the target is indeed blameworthy for the (...)
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  7. The Problem of Future Contingents: Scoping Out a Solution.Patrick Todd - forthcoming - Synthese:1-22.
    Various philosophers have long since been attracted to the doctrine that future contingent propositions systematically fail to be true - what is sometimes called the doctrine of the open future. However, open futurists have always struggled to articulate how their view interacts with standard principles of classical logic - most notably, with the Law of Excluded Middle (LEM). For consider the following two claims: (a) Trump will be impeached tomorrow; (b) Trump will not be impeached tomorrow. According to the kind (...)
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  8. On Behalf of a Mutable Future.Patrick Todd - 2016 - Synthese 193 (7):2077-2095.
    Everyone agrees that we can’t change the past. But what about the future? Though the thought that we can change the future is familiar from popular discourse, it enjoys virtually no support from philosophers, contemporary or otherwise. In this paper, I argue that the thesis that the future is mutable has far more going for it than anyone has yet realized. The view, I hope to show, gains support from the nature of prevention, can provide a new way of responding (...)
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  9. Defending (a Modified Version of) the Zygote Argument.Patrick Todd - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 164 (1):189-203.
    Think of the last thing someone did to you to seriously harm or offend you. And now imagine, so far as you can, becoming fully aware of the fact that his or her action was the causally inevitable result of a plan set into motion before he or she was ever even born, a plan that had no chance of failing. Should you continue to regard him or her as being morally responsible—blameworthy, in this case—for what he or she did? (...)
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  10. The Truth About Freedom: A Reply to Merricks.J. M. Fischer & P. Todd - 2011 - Philosophical Review 120 (1):97-115.
    In his recent essay in the Philosophical Review, “Truth and Freedom,” Trenton Merricks contends (among other things) that the basic argument for the incompatibility of God's foreknowledge and human freedom is question-begging. He relies on a “truism” to the effect that truth depends on the world and not the other way around. The present essay argues that mere invocation of this truism does not establish that the basic argument for incompatibilism is question-begging. Further, it seeks to clarify important elements of (...)
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  11. Prepunishment and Explanatory Dependence: A New Argument for Incompatibilism About Foreknowledge and Freedom.Patrick Todd - 2013 - Philosophical Review 122 (4):619-639.
    The most promising way of responding to arguments for the incompatibility of divine foreknowledge and human freedom (in one way or another) invokes a claim about the order of explanation: God knew (or believed) that you would perform a given action because you would, in fact, perform it, and not the other way around. Once we see this result, many suppose, we'll see that divine foreknowledge ultimately poses no threat to human freedom. This essay argues that matters are not so (...)
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  12. A New Approach to Manipulation Arguments.Patrick Todd - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 152 (1):127-133.
    There are several argumentative strategies for advancing the thesis that moral responsibility is incompatible with causal determinism. One prominent such strategy is to argue that agents who meet compatibilist conditions for moral responsibility can nevertheless be subject to responsibility-undermining manipulation. In this paper, I argue that incompatibilists advancing manipulation arguments against compatibilism have been shouldering an unnecessarily heavy dialectical burden. Traditional manipulation arguments present cases in which manipulated agents meet all compatibilist conditions for moral responsibility, but are (allegedly) not responsible (...)
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  13.  31
    Promoting a Just Education: Dilemmas of Rights, Freedom and Justice.Sharon Todd - 2007 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 39 (6):592–603.
    This paper identifies and addresses some dilemmas to be faced in promoting educational projects concerned with human rights. Part of the difficulty that human rights education initiatives must cope with is the way in which value has been historically conferred upon particular notions such as freedom and justice. I argue here that a just education must grapple head‐on with the conceptual dilemmas that have been inherited and refuse to shy away from the implications of those dilemmas. To do this I (...)
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  14.  24
    A Meta-Analytic Comparison of Face-to-Face and Online Delivery in Ethics Instruction: The Case for a Hybrid Approach.E. Michelle Todd, Logan L. Watts, Tyler J. Mulhearn, Brett S. Torrence, Megan R. Turner, Shane Connelly & Michael D. Mumford - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (6):1719-1754.
    Despite the growing body of literature on training in the responsible conduct of research, few studies have examined the effectiveness of delivery formats used in ethics courses. The present effort sought to address this gap in the literature through a meta-analytic review of 66 empirical studies, representing 106 ethics courses and 10,069 participants. The frequency and effectiveness of 67 instructional and process-based content areas were also assessed for each delivery format. Process-based contents were best delivered face-to-face, whereas contents delivered online (...)
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  15.  67
    A Difference That Makes a Difference: Passing Through Dennett's Stalinesque\Textfractionsolidus{}Orwellian Impasse: Article.Steven J. Todd - 2009 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (3):497-520.
    Dennett and Kinsbourne argue that metacontrast backward visual masking provides a clear illustration that ‘there is really only a verbal difference’ between two versions of the Cartesian Theater model of the mind. This alleged lack of a distinction is both the crucial premise of their main argument against the Cartesian Theater and a motivator for accepting their own Multiple Drafts model. I argue that metacontrast reveals a difference between the two versions of the Cartesian Theater that meets criteria found in (...)
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  16.  63
    Alexander of Aphrodisias on Stoic Physics: A Study of the De Mixtione with Preliminary Essays, Text, Translation and Commentary.Robert B. Todd - 1976 - Brill.
    PART ONE ALEXANDER OF APHRODISIAS— AN INTRODUCTION A study of a work by Alexander of Aphrodisias must be prefaced by some general introduction to the author ...
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  17.  46
    A Fine Risk To Be Run? The Ambiguity of Eros and Teacher Responsibility.Sharon Todd - 2003 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 22 (1):31-44.
    Teachers are often placed in a space of tensionbetween responding to students as persons andresponding to students through theirinstitutionally-defined roles. Particularlywith respect to eros, which has becomeincreasingly the subject of strictinstitutional legislation and regulation,teachers have little recourse to a language ofresponsibility outside an institutional frame. By studying the significance of communicativeambiguity for responsibility, this paperexplores what is ethically at stake forteachers in erotic forms of communication. Specifically, it is Levinas's own ambiguousunderstanding of the ethical significance oferos, and what we have (...)
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  18. Cleomedes' Lectures on Astronomy: A Translation of the Heavens.Robert B. Todd & Alan C. Bowen (eds.) - 2004 - University of California Press.
    At some time around 200 A.D., the Stoic philosopher and teacher Cleomedes delivered a set of lectures on elementary astronomy as part of a complete introduction to Stoicism for his students. The result was _The Heavens, _the only work by a professional Stoic teacher to survive intact from the first two centuries A.D., and a rare example of the interaction between science and philosophy in late antiquity. This volume contains a clear and idiomatic English translation—the first ever—of _The Heavens, _along (...)
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  19.  76
    A Copernican Revolution in Science and Religion Towards a Third Millennium Spirituality:The Entangled State of God and Humanity.Peter B. Todd - forthcoming - Symposium Conference Paper, C. G. Jung Society of Melbourne, May 21, 2016.
    As the title, The Entangled State of God and Humanity suggests, this lecture dispenses with the pre-Copernican, patriarchal, anthropomorphic image of God while presenting a case for a third millennium theology illuminated by insights from archetypal depth psychology, quantum physics, neuroscience and evolutionary biology. It attempts to smash the conceptual barriers between science and religion and in so doing, it may contribute to a Copernican revolution which reconciles both perspectives which have been apparently irreconcilable opposites since the sixteenth century. The (...)
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  20. The Philosophy of Wine: A Case of Truth, Beauty, and Intoxication.Cain Todd - 2010 - Routledge.
    Does this Bonnes-Mares really have notes of chocolate, truffle, violets, and merde de cheval? Can wines really be feminine, profound, pretentious, or cheeky? Can they express emotion or terroir? Do the judgements of 'experts' have any objective validity? Is a great wine a work of art? Questions like these will have been entertained by anyone who has ever puzzled over the tasting notes of a wine writer, or been baffled by the response of a sommelier to an innocent question. Only (...)
     
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  21.  75
    Getting Emotional - a Neural Perspective on Emotion, Intention, and Consciousness.Marc D. Lewis & Rebecca M. Todd - 2005 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (8-10):210-235.
    Intentions and emotions arise together, and emotions compel us to pursue goals. However, it is not clear when emotions become objects of awareness, how emotional awareness changes with goal pursuit, or how psychological and neural processes mediate such change. We first review a psychological model of emotional episodes and propose that goal obstruction extends the duration of these episodes while increasing cognitive complexity and emotional intensity. We suggest that attention is initially focused on action plans and their obstruction, and only (...)
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  22.  24
    Art and Intention: A Philosophical Study – Paisley Livingston.Cain Todd - 2007 - Philosophical Quarterly 57 (226):153–156.
    Do the artists intentions have anything to do with the making and appreciation of works of art? In Art and Intention, Paisley Livingston develops a broad and balanced perspective on perennial disputes between intentionalists and anti-intentionalists in philosophical aesthetics and critical theory. He surveys and assesses a wide range of rival assumptions about the nature of intentions and the status of intentionalist psychology. With detailed reference to examples from diverse media, art forms, and traditions, he demonstrates that insights into the (...)
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  23.  5
    Ivory Diptych Sundials, 1570-1750 by Steven A. Lloyd. [REVIEW]W. Todd & Peggy Kidwell - 1993 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 84:583-584.
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  24.  57
    A Time Travel Dialogue.John W. Carroll, Steven Carpenter, Beth Ehrlich Slater, Gray Maddrey, Kevin Martell, Stuart Miller, Nathan Sasser, Stephen Sutton, Robert Todd, Diana Tysinger & Laura Wingler - 2014 - Open Book Publishers.
    Is time travel just a confusing plot device deployed by science fiction authors and Hollywood filmmakers to amaze and amuse? Or might empirical data prompt a scientific hypothesis of time travel? Structured on a fascinating dialogue involving  ...
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  25.  3
    The Central Executive as a Search Process: Priming Exploration and Exploitation Across Domains.Thomas T. Hills, Peter M. Todd & Robert L. Goldstone - 2010 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 139 (4):590-609.
  26.  42
    Living in a Dissonant World: Toward an Agonistic Cosmopolitics for Education.Sharon Todd - 2010 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 29 (2):213-228.
  27.  48
    Educating Beyond Cultural Diversity: Redrawing the Boundaries of a Democratic Plurality.Sharon Todd - 2011 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 30 (2):101-111.
  28.  5
    Anxiety Impairs Spontaneous Perspective Calculation: Evidence From a Level-1 Visual Perspective-Taking Task.Andrew R. Todd & Austin J. Simpson - 2016 - Cognition 156:88-94.
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  29.  10
    Hidden Processes in Structural Representations: A Reply to Abbott, Austerweil, and Griffiths.Michael N. Jones, Thomas T. Hills & Peter M. Todd - 2015 - Psychological Review 122 (3):570-574.
  30.  22
    Hidden Dangers of a ‘Citation Culture’.PA Todd & RJ Ladle - 2008 - Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 8 (1):13-16.
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  31.  18
    The Sensory-Motor Theory of Rhythm and Beat Induction 20 Years On: A New Synthesis and Future Perspectives.Neil P. M. Todd & Christopher S. Lee - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  32.  6
    Word Frequency Effects in Sound Change as a Consequence of Perceptual Asymmetries: An Exemplar-Based Model.Simon Todd, Janet B. Pierrehumbert & Jennifer Hay - 2019 - Cognition 185:1-20.
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  33.  7
    Links Between Communication and Relationship Satisfaction Among Patients With Cancer and Their Spouses: Results of a Fourteen-Day Smartphone-Based Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.Shelby L. Langer, Joan M. Romano, Michael Todd, Timothy J. Strauman, Francis J. Keefe, Karen L. Syrjala, Jonathan B. Bricker, Neeta Ghosh, John W. Burns, Niall Bolger, Blair K. Puleo, Julie R. Gralow, Veena Shankaran, Kelly Westbrook, S. Yousuf Zafar & Laura S. Porter - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  34.  38
    Review of T. Ryan Byerly, The Mechanics of Divine Foreknowledge and Providence: A Time-Ordering Account. [REVIEW]Patrick Todd - 2015 - Sophia 54 (3):391-393.
  35.  13
    Toward a Speech Act Theory of Literary Discourse (Review).D. D. Todd - 1978 - Philosophy and Literature 2 (2):269-271.
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  36.  22
    History as Applied Science: A Philosophical Study.C. Behan McCullagh & William Todd - 1973 - History and Theory 12 (4):435.
  37.  1
    Time Pressure Disrupts Level-2, but Not Level-1, Visual Perspective Calculation: A Process-Dissociation Analysis.Andrew R. Todd, Austin J. Simpson & C. Daryl Cameron - 2019 - Cognition 189:41-54.
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  38.  3
    A Note on Francesco Patrizi's Use of Cleomedes.Robert B. Todd - 1982 - Annals of Science 39 (3):311-314.
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  39.  7
    A Coded Element Model of the Perceptual Processing of Sequential Stimuli.Paul C. Vitz & Thomas C. Todd - 1969 - Psychological Review 76 (5):433-449.
  40.  17
    A Case for Cases.Martha Conklin, Lois Guthrie & Karen Todd - 1990 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 6 (2):10-11.
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  41.  5
    The Use of Virtual Reality to Facilitate Mindfulness Skills Training in Dialectical Behavioral Therapy for Spinal Cord Injury: A Case Study.Araceli Flores, Marsha M. Linehan, S. Rob Todd & Hunter G. Hoffman - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  42.  6
    America DancingThe Sacred DanceEvery Little Movement, a Book About Francois DelsarteThe Thinking Body, a Study of the Balancing Forces of Dynamic Man.Juana de Laban, John Martin, W. O. E. Oesterley, Ted Shawn & Mabel Elsworth Todd - 1969 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 28 (1):112.
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  43.  14
    Progression of Age-Related Decline in Task-Switching Performance and White Matter Microstructural Integrity: A Longitudinal Study.Karayanidis Frini, Jolly Todd, Rennie Jaime, Michie Patricia, Parsons Mark & Levi Christopher - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  44.  6
    A Model of the Perception of Simple Geometric Figures.Paul C. Vitz & Thomas C. Todd - 1971 - Psychological Review 78 (3):207-228.
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  45.  18
    A Note on "Criteria".D. D. Todd - 1972 - Journal of Critical Analysis 3 (4):198-207.
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  46.  16
    A Subtle Pedagogy: A Response to Megan Laverty.Sharon Todd - 2014 - Ethics and Education 9 (1):54-57.
  47.  10
    A Cabinet of Medical Curiosities. Jan Bondeson.Dennis Todd - 1998 - Isis 89 (3):533-534.
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  48.  13
    A Sinking Island: The Modern English Writers (Review).D. D. Todd - 1990 - Philosophy and Literature 14 (1):222-223.
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  49.  9
    Another Germany: A Reconsideration of the Imperial Era. Jack R. Dukes, Joachim Remak.Edmund N. Todd - 1990 - Isis 81 (2):329-330.
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  50.  10
    A Model of Learning for Simple Repeating Binary Patterns.Paul C. Vitz & Thomas C. Todd - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (1):108.
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