Results for 'Todd Rudolph Long'

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  1.  13
    A Proper de Jure Objection to the Epistemic Rationality of Religious Belief: TODD R. LONG.Todd R. Long - 2010 - Religious Studies 46 (3):375-394.
    I answer Alvin Plantinga's challenge to provide a ‘proper’ de jure objection to religious belief. What I call the ‘sophisticates’ evidential objection' concludes that sophisticated Christians lack epistemic justification for believing central Christian propositions. The SEO utilizes a theory of epistemic justification in the spirit of the evidentialism of Richard Feldman and Earl Conee. I defend philosophical interest in the SEO against objections from Reformed epistemology, by addressing Plantinga's criteria for a proper de jure objection, his anti-evidentialist arguments, and the (...)
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  2. Belief or 'Belief': Rush Rhees on Religious Belief Language.Todd R. Long - unknown
    The recent book Rush Rhees on Religion and Philosophy contains a stimulating collection of writin~s by Rush Rhees on a variety of topics in the philosophy of religion. Comprising accounts of personal, religious and moral struggles, these essays provide a refreshing change from the often dry, overly technical approach to philosophy writing. Despite spanning more than thirty years, Rhees' s essays disclose a fairly consistent philosophy.of religion with a clear emphasis. Since he was Wittgenstein's student and long-time friend as (...)
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  3. A Proper de Jure Objection to the Epistemic Rationality of Religious Belief.Todd R. Long - 2010 - Religious Studies 46 (3):375-394.
    I answer Alvin Plantinga's challenge to provide a 'proper' de jure objection to religious belief. What I call the 'sophisticates' evidential objection' (SEO) concludes that sophisticated Christians lack epistemic justification for believing central Christian propositions. The SEO utilizes a theory of epistemic justification in the spirit of the evidentialism of Richard Feldman and Earl Conee. I defend philosophical interest in the SEO (and its underlying evidentialism) against objections from Reformed epistemology, by addressing Plantinga's criteria for a proper de jure objection, (...)
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  4.  22
    Moderate Reasons-Responsiveness, Moral Responsibility, and Manipulation.Todd R. Long - 2004 - In M. O.’Rourke J. K. Campbell (ed.), Freedom and Determinism. MIT Press.
  5.  66
    Mentalist Evidentialism Vindicated (and a Super-Blooper Epistemic Design Problem for Proper Function Justification).Todd Long - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 157 (2):251-266.
    Michael Bergmann seeks to motivate his externalist, proper function theory of epistemic justification by providing three objections to the mentalism and mentalist evidentialism characteristic of nonexternalists such as Richard Feldman and Earl Conee. Bergmann argues that (i) mentalism is committed to the false thesis that justification depends on mental states; (ii) mentalism is committed to the false thesis that the epistemic fittingness of an epistemic input to a belief-forming process must be due to an essential feature of that input, and, (...)
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  6.  53
    Proper Function Justification and Epistemic Rationality.Todd R. Long - 2010 - Southwest Philosophy Review 26 (1):189-195.
  7.  2
    The God Relationship: The Ethics for Inquiry About the Divine.Todd R. Long - 2017 - Philosophia Christi 19 (2):478-483.
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  8.  41
    Riddles of Existence: A Guided Tour of Metaphysics.Todd R. Long - 2008 - Teaching Philosophy 31 (1):98-101.
  9.  37
    Is It True That 'Evolution is a Theory, Not a Fact'?Todd R. Long - 2007 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (1):89-108.
    The teaching of evolutionary theory in U.S. public school science classes has been called into question via numerous school board mandated “evolution is a theory, not a fact” disclaimers that have appeared on science textbooks in recent years and which have been the subject of recent court cases. I evaluate the scientific reasonability of such disclaimers by engaging in conceptual analysis on the crucial terms in the key claim: “evolution is a theory, not a fact.” Assessing various interpretations of the (...)
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  10.  20
    Tolstoy on Aesthetics.Todd R. Long - 2002 - Teaching Philosophy 25 (4):369-372.
  11.  25
    Self-Interest and Beyond. [REVIEW]Todd R. Long - 2002 - Teaching Philosophy 25 (2):163-165.
  12.  5
    Is It True That ‘Evolution Is a Theory, Not a Fact’?Todd R. Long - 2007 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (1):89-108.
    The teaching of evolutionary theory in U.S. public school science classes has been called into question via numerous school board mandated “evolution is a theory, not a fact” disclaimers that have appeared on science textbooks in recent years and which have been the subject of recent court cases. I evaluate the scientific reasonability of such disclaimers by engaging in conceptual analysis on the crucial terms in the key claim: “evolution is a theory, not a fact.” Assessing various interpretations of the (...)
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  13.  5
    A Selective Defence of Tolstoy's What is Art?.Todd R. Long - unknown
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  14. Riddles of Existence: A Guided Tour of Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Todd R. Long - 2008 - Teaching Philosophy 31 (1):98-101.
  15. Tolstoy on Aesthetics: What is Art? [REVIEW]Todd R. Long - 2002 - Teaching Philosophy 25 (4):369-372.
  16.  41
    Abortion, Abandonment, and Positive Rights: The Limits of Compulsory Altruism*: RODERICK T. LONG.Roderick T. Long - 1993 - Social Philosophy and Policy 10 (1):166-191.
    We began with three propositions: that people have a right not to be treated as mere means to the ends of others, that a woman who voluntarily becomes pregnant nevertheless has the right to an abortion, and that a woman who voluntarily gives birth does not have a right to abandon her child until she finds a substitute caretaker. These propositions initially seemed inconsistent, for the prohibition on treating others as mere means appeared to rule out the possibility of positive (...)
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  17.  47
    Toward a Libertarian Theory of Class: RODERICK T. LONG.Roderick T. Long - 1998 - Social Philosophy and Policy 15 (2):303-349.
    Libertarianism needs a theory of class. This claim may meet with resistance among some libertarians. A few will say: “The analysis of society in terms of classes and class struggles is a specifically Marxist approach, resting on assumptions that libertarians reject. Why should we care about class?” A greater number will say: “We recognize that class theory is important, but libertarianism doesn't need such a theory, because it already has a perfectly good one.”.
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  18.  36
    The Irrelevance of Responsibility: RODERICK T. LONG.Roderick T. Long - 1999 - Social Philosophy and Policy 16 (2):118-145.
    Responsibility is often thought of as primarily a legal concept. Even when it is moral responsibility that is at issue, it is assumed that it is above all in moralities based on law-centered patterns and models that responsibility takes center stage, so that responsibility is a legal concept at its core, and is applicable to the realm of private morality only by extension and analogy.
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  19.  11
    ‘Utility’ and the ‘Utility Principle’: Hume, Smith, Bentham, Mill: Douglas G. Long.Douglas G. Long - 1990 - Utilitas 2 (1):12-39.
    David Hume, Adam Smith, Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill are often viewed as contributors to or participants in a common tradition of thought roughly characterized as ‘the liberal tradition’ or the tradition of ‘bourgeois ideology’. This view, however useful it may be for polemical or proselytizing purposes, is in some important respects historiographically unsound. This is not to deny the importance of asking what twentieth-century liberals or conservatives might find in the works of, say, David Hume to support their (...)
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  20.  11
    Mill's Higher Pleasures and the Choice of Character*: Roderick T. Long.Roderick T. Long - 1992 - Utilitas 4 (2):279-297.
    J. S. Mill's distinction between higher and lower pleasures is often thought to conflict with his commitment to psychological and ethical hedonism: if the superiority of higher pleasures is quantitative, then the higher/lower distinction is superfluous and Mill contradicts himself; if the superiority of higher pleasures is not quantitative, then Mill's hedonism is compromised.
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  21.  11
    Comment by Eugene Thomas Long.Eugene Thomas Long - 1970 - Proceedings of the Hegel Society of America 1:50-54.
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  22.  29
    Natura Pura: On the Recovery of Nature in the Doctrine of Grace – By Steven A. Long.D. Stephen Long - 2011 - Modern Theology 27 (4):695-698.
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  23.  9
    Rudolph, Heinrich. Über dieUnzulässigkeit der gegenw ä rtigen Theorie der Materie.H. Rudolph - 1905 - Kant-Studien 10 (1-3).
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  24. Philosophy of Religion for a New Century Essays in Honor of Eugene Thomas Long.Eugene Thomas Long, Jeremiah Hackett & Jerald Wallulis - 2004
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  25. The Letter for Toleration [by J. Locke] Decipher'd, and the Absurdity and Impiety of an Absolute Toleration Demonstrated [by T. Long.]. [REVIEW]Thomas Long - 1689
  26. Self-Improvement [Abridged From 'the Student's Guide', by J. Todd].John Todd - 1848
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  27.  46
    From Universals to Topics: The Realism of Rudolph Agricola, with an Edition of His Reply to a Critic.Lodi Nauta - 2012 - Vivarium 50 (2):190-224.
    Rudolph Agricola’s De inventione dialectica has rightly been regarded as the most original and influential textbook on argumentation, reading, writing, and communication in the Renaissance. At the heart of his treatment are the topics ( loci ), such as definition, genus, species, place, whole, parts, similars, and so on. While their function in Agricola’s system is argumentative and rhetorical, the roots of the topics are metaphysical, as Agricola himself explicitly acknowledges. It has led scholars to characterize Agricola as a (...)
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  28.  1
    Short-Term Gains, Long-Term Pains: How Cues About State Aid Learning in Dynamic Environments.Todd M. Gureckis & Bradley C. Love - 2009 - Cognition 113 (3):293-313.
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  29.  2
    Short Term Gains, Long Term Pains: How Cues About State Aid Learning in Dynamic Environments.Bradley C. Love Todd M. Gureckis - 2009 - Cognition 113 (3):293.
  30.  9
    Long-Term Visuo-Gustatory Appetitive and Aversive Conditioning Potentiate Human Visual Evoked Potentials.Gert R. J. Christoffersen, Jakob L. Laugesen, Per Møller, Wender L. P. Bredie, Todd R. Schachtman, Christina Liljendahl & Ida Viemose - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  31.  5
    Long-Term Memory Representations Influence Perception Before Edges Are Assigned to Objects.Todd A. Kahan & James T. Enns - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (2):566-574.
  32.  7
    The Moral Theory of Poststructuralism.Todd May - 2005 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Both Anglo-American and Continental thinkers have long denied that there can be a coherent moral defense of the poststructuralist politics of Michel Foucault, Gilles Deleuze, and Jean-François Lyotard. For many Anglo-American thinkers, as well as for Critical Theorists such as Habermas, poststructuralism is not coherent enough to defend morally. Alternatively, for Foucault, Deleuze, Lyotard, and their followers, the practice of moral theorizing is passé at best and more likely insidious. Todd May argues both that a moral defense of (...)
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  33.  55
    What is Mathematics, Really?Reuben Hersh - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    Platonism is the most pervasive philosophy of mathematics. Indeed, it can be argued that an inarticulate, half-conscious Platonism is nearly universal among mathematicians. The basic idea is that mathematical entities exist outside space and time, outside thought and matter, in an abstract realm. In the more eloquent words of Edward Everett, a distinguished nineteenth-century American scholar, "in pure mathematics we contemplate absolute truths which existed in the divine mind before the morning stars sang together, and which will continue to exist (...)
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  34. Long-Term Semantic Memory Versus Contextual Memory in Unconscious Number Processing.S. Dehaene, A. G. Greenwald, R. L. Abrams & L. Naccache - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (2):235-247.
    Subjects classified visible 2-digit numbers as larger or smaller than 55. Target numbers were preceded by masked 2-digit primes that were either congruent (same relation to 55) or incongruent. Experiments 1 and 2 showed prime congruency effects for stimuli never included in the set of classified visible targets, indicating subliminal priming based on long-term semantic memory. Experiments 2 and 3 went further to demonstrate paradoxical unconscious priming effects resulting from task context. For example, after repeated practice classifying 73 as (...)
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  35.  13
    The End of Religion? Examining the Role of Religiousness, Materialism, and Long-Term Orientation on Consumer Ethics in Indonesia.Denni Arli & Fandy Tjiptono - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 123 (3):1-16.
    Various studies on the impact of religiousness on consumer ethics have produced mixed results and suggested further clarification on the issue. Therefore, this article examines the effect of religiousness, materialism, and long-term orientation on consumer ethics in Indonesia. The results from 356 respondents in Indonesia, the largest Muslim population in the world, showed that intrinsic religiousness positively affected consumer ethics, while extrinsic social religiousness negatively affected consumer ethics. However, extrinsic personal religiousness did not affect consumer ethical beliefs dimensions. Unlike (...)
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  36. Pre-Frontal Executive Committee for Perception, Working Memory, Attention, Long-Term Memory, Motor Control, and Thinking: A Tutorial Review.Bill Faw - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12 (1):83-139.
    As an explicit organizing metaphor, memory aid, and conceptual framework, the prefrontal cortex may be viewed as a five-member ‘Executive Committee,’ as the prefrontal-control extensions of five sub-and-posterior-cortical systems: the ‘Perceiver’ is the frontal extension of the ventral perceptual stream which represents the world and self in object coordinates; the ‘Verbalizer’ is the frontal extension of the language stream which represents the world and self in language coordinates; the ‘Motivator’ is the frontal cortical extension of a subcortical extended-amygdala stream which (...)
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  37. Some Remarks on Averroes’ Long Commentary on the Metaphysics Book Alpha Meizon.Ilyas Altuner - 2017 - Entelekya Logico-Metaphysical Review 1 (1-2):5-17.
    Averroes, considered to be the greatest Aristotelian commentator in the Middle Ages, has written three different types of commentary on almost all the works of this great philosopher: short, middle and long. These commentaries have been translated into Latin and Hebrew in the early period, and profoundly influenced both Medieval Europe and Jewish thought for centuries. The effect of Averroes in the West was to spread the whole of Europe under the name of Latin Averroism. The text what you (...)
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  38.  74
    Autonomy and Long-Term Care.George J. Agich - 1993 - Oxford University Press.
    The realities and myths of long-term care and the challenges it poses for the ethics of autonomy are analyzed in this perceptive work. The book defends the concept of autonomy, but argues that the standard view of autonomy as non-interference and independence has only a limited applicability for long term care. The treatment of actual autonomy stresses the developmental and social nature of human persons and the priority of identification over autonomous choice. The work balances analysis of the (...)
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  39.  73
    Working Memory Retention Systems: A State of Activated Long-Term Memory.Daniel S. Ruchkin, Jordan Grafman, Katherine Cameron & Rita S. Berndt - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):709-728.
    High temporal resolution event-related brain potential and electroencephalographic coherence studies of the neural substrate of short-term storage in working memory indicate that the sustained coactivation of both prefrontal cortex and the posterior cortical systems that participate in the initial perception and comprehension of the retained information are involved in its storage. These studies further show that short-term storage mechanisms involve an increase in neural synchrony between prefrontal cortex and posterior cortex and the enhanced activation of long-term memory representations of (...)
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  40.  26
    Factorization of Force and Timing in Sensorimotor Performance: Long‐Range Correlation Properties of Two Different Task Goals.Ramesh Balasubramaniam, Michael J. Hove & Butovens Médé - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 10 (1):120-132.
    Long-range correlations are often manifested in the form of 1/fβ noise in a series of repeated measurements of the same neural or behavioral variable. Recent work has demonstrated that the magnitude and nature of these long-range correlations reliably capture individual differences and variation in task performance. In sensorimotor timing experiments, task characteristics such as tapping or circle drawing affect these long-range correlations during the production of isochronous time intervals. Such correlations are highly reproducible across multiple trials for (...)
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  41.  27
    Nurses' Responses to Initial Moral Distress in Long-Term Care.Marie P. Edwards, Susan E. McClement & Laurie R. Read - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (3):325-336.
    While researchers have examined the types of ethical issues that arise in long-term care, few studies have explored long-term care nurses’ experiences of moral distress and fewer still have examined responses to initial moral distress. Using an interpretive description approach, 15 nurses working in long-term care settings within one city in Canada were interviewed about their responses to experiences of initial moral distress, resources or supports they identified as helpful or potentially helpful in dealing with these situations, (...)
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  42.  22
    Differentiation with Stratification: A Principle of Theoretical Physics in the Tradition of the Memory Art.Claudia Pombo - 2015 - Foundations of Physics 45 (10):1301-1310.
    The art of memory started with Aristotle’s questions on memory. During its long evolution, it had important contributions from alchemists, was transformed by Ramon Llull and apparently ended with Giordano Bruno, who was considered the best known representative of this art. This tradition did not disappear, but lives in the formulations of our modern scientific theories. From its initial form as a method of keeping information via associations, it became a principle of classification and structuring of knowledge. This principle, (...)
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  43.  54
    Long-Term Potentiation: One Kind or Many?Jacqueline Sullivan - 2016 - In Eppur Si Muove: Doing History and Philosophy of Science with Peter Machamer, A Collection of Essays in Honor of Peter Machamer. Springer Verlag. pp. 127-140.
    Do neurobiologists aim to discover natural kinds? I address this question in this chapter via a critical analysis of classification practices operative across the 43-year history of research on long-term potentiation (LTP). I argue that this 43-year history supports the idea that the structure of scientific practice surrounding LTP research has remained an obstacle to the discovery of natural kinds.
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  44.  56
    Ethics in Long-Term Care: Are the Principles Different?Mark G. Kuczewski - 1999 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (1):15-29.
    It has become common in medical ethics to discuss difficult cases in terms of the principles of respect for autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice. These moral concepts or principles serve as maxims that are suggestive of appropriate clinical behavior. Because this language evolved primarily in the acute care setting, I consider whether it is in need of supplementation in order to be useful in the long-term care setting. Through analysis of two typical cases involving residents of long-term care (...)
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  45.  21
    Experience and Prediction: An Analysis of the Foundations and the Structure of Knowledge.Alan W. Richardson & Hans Reichenbach - 1938 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    Hans Reichenbach was a formidable figure in early-twentieth-century philosophy of science. Educated in Germany, he was influential in establishing the so-called Berlin Circle, a companion group to the Vienna Circle founded by his colleague Rudolph Carnap. The movement they founded—usually known as "logical positivism," although it is more precisely known as "scientific philosophy" or "logical empiricism"—was a form of epistemology that privileged scientific over metaphysical truths. Reichenbach, like other young philosophers of the exact sciences of his generation, was deeply (...)
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  46.  68
    Ethical Issues Relating to the Health Effects of Long Working Hours.Allard E. Dembe - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (S2):195-208.
    Considerable research evidence has accumulated indicating that there is an increased likelihood for illness and injury among employees working in long-hour schedules and schedules involving unconventional shift work. In addition, studies show that fatigue-related errors made by employees working in these kind of demanding schedules can have serious and adverse repercussions for public safety. As the result of these concerns, new protective legislation is being advocated in the United States, for instance, to restrict the hours of work among nurses (...)
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  47.  67
    Pain Assessment and Management in the Long-Term Care Setting.David E. Weissman & Sandra Matson - 1999 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (1):31-43.
    The assessment and management of pain is a significant public health problem in the United States. Long-term care facilities face unique barriers and challenges to pain management due to the large population of cognitively impaired residents, little physician contact and poor pain education for nurses and nurse assistants. In addition, common misconceptions about pain and pain treatment in the elderly along with health professional and resident fears of addiction and drug toxicity, add to the problem of pain management. The (...)
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  48.  41
    Where Should They Go? Undocumented Immigrants and Long-Term Care in the United States.Victoria S. Wike - 2013 - HEC Forum 25 (2):173-182.
    In this paper, I consider the question of where illegal immigrants should go once their lives have been saved in hospitals and they are ready to be transferred to long-term care situations. I highlight three recent cases in which such a decision was made. In one case, the patient was kept at the hospital, in another the patient was repatriated to his home country, and in the third, the patient was discharged to his family. I consider the relevant moral (...)
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  49.  12
    Some Critical Comments on Long 2013: "Why Libertarians Believe There is Only One Right".J. C. Lester - 2014 - In Explaining Libertarianism: Some Philosophical Arguments. Buckingham, England: The University of Buckingham Press. pp. 85-94.
    This essay explains various significant errors, imprecisions, and omissions concerning libertarianism in Long 2013. The “right not to be aggressed against” is not, as such, the libertarian right because the ‘right to liberty’ must be that right (although not being aggressed against can charitably be interpreted as equivalent). There are non-libertarian rights, but they don’t override the right to liberty. Unsupported assumptions are inevitable because justifications are impossible. Rights should not be “defined” but, rather, morally and metaphysically theorised—with criticism (...)
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  50.  23
    Making Markets in Long-Term Care: Or How a Market Can Work by Being Invisible.Kor Grit & Teun Zuiderent-Jerak - 2017 - Health Care Analysis 25 (3):242-259.
    Many Western countries have introduced market principles in healthcare. The newly introduced financial instrument of “care-intensity packages” in the Dutch long-term care sector fit this development since they have some characteristics of a market device. However, policy makers and care providers positioned these instruments as explicitly not belonging to the general trend of marketisation in healthcare. Using a qualitative case study approach, we study the work that the two providers have done to fit these instruments to their organisations and (...)
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