13 found
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  1.  15
    Acute but Not Permanent Effects of Propranolol on Fear Memory Expression in Humans.Anastasia Chalkia, Jeroen Weermeijer, Lukas Van Oudenhove & Tom Beckers - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  2.  15
    Bending Rules: The Shape of the Perceptual Generalisation Gradient is Sensitive to Inference Rules.Yannick Boddez, Marc Patrick Bennett, Silke van Esch & Tom Beckers - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (7):1444-1452.
    Generalising what is learned about one stimulus to other but perceptually related stimuli is a basic behavioural phenomenon. We evaluated whether a rule learning mechanism may serve to explain such generalisation. To this end, we assessed whether inference rules communicated through verbal instructions affect generalisation. Expectancy ratings, but not valence ratings, proved sensitive to this manipulation. In addition to revealing a role for inference rules in generalisation, our study has clinical implications as well. More specifically, we argue that targeting inference (...)
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  3.  3
    Reasoning Rats: Forward Blocking in Pavlovian Animal Conditioning Is Sensitive to Constraints of Causal Inference.Tom Beckers, Ralph R. Miller, Jan De Houwer & Kouji Urushihara - 2006 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 135 (1):92-102.
  4.  26
    A Bayesian Theory of Sequential Causal Learning and Abstract Transfer.Hongjing Lu, Randall R. Rojas, Tom Beckers & Alan L. Yuille - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (2):404-439.
    Two key research issues in the field of causal learning are how people acquire causal knowledge when observing data that are presented sequentially, and the level of abstraction at which learning takes place. Does sequential causal learning solely involve the acquisition of specific cause-effect links, or do learners also acquire knowledge about abstract causal constraints? Recent empirical studies have revealed that experience with one set of causal cues can dramatically alter subsequent learning and performance with entirely different cues, suggesting that (...)
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  5.  4
    Selectivity in Associative Learning: A Cognitive Stage Framework for Blocking and Cue Competition Phenomena.Yannick Boddez, Kim Haesen, Frank Baeyens & Tom Beckers - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  6.  6
    A Bayesian Hierarchical Diffusion Model Decomposition of Performance in Approach–Avoidance Tasks.Angelos-Miltiadis Krypotos, Tom Beckers, Merel Kindt & Eric-Jan Wagenmakers - 2015 - Cognition and Emotion 29 (8):1424-1444.
  7.  3
    Generalization and Recovery of Post-Retrieval Amnesia.Joaquín M. Alfei, Roque I. Ferrer Monti, Victor A. Molina, Dimitri De Bundel, Laura Luyten & Tom Beckers - 2020 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 149 (11):2063-2083.
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  8.  19
    Fearing Shades of Grey: Individual Differences in Fear Responding Towards Generalisation Stimuli.Inna Arnaudova, Angelos-Miltiadis Krypotos, Marieke Effting, Merel Kindt & Tom Beckers - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (6):1181-1196.
    ABSTRACTIndividual differences in fear generalisation have been proposed to play a role in the aetiology and/or maintenance of anxiety disorders, but few data are available to directly support that claim. The research that is available has focused mostly on generalisation of peripheral and central physiological fear responses. Far less is known about the generalisation of avoidance, the behavioural component of fear. In two experiments, we evaluated how neuroticism, a known vulnerability factor for anxiety, modulates an array of fear responses, including (...)
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  9.  19
    Manipulating Affective State Influences Conditioned Appetitive Responses.Inna Arnaudova, Angelos-Miltiadis Krypotos, Marieke Effting, Merel Kindt & Tom Beckers - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (5):1062-1081.
    ABSTRACTAffective states influence how individuals process information and behave. Some theories predict emotional congruency effects. Emotional congruency should theoretically obstruct the learning of reward associations and their ability to guide behaviour under negative mood. Two studies tested the effects of the induction of a negative affective state on appetitive Pavlovian learning, in which neutral stimuli were associated with chocolate or alcohol rewards. In both experiments, participants showed enhanced approach tendencies towards predictors of reward after a negative relative to a positive (...)
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  10.  52
    The Truth and Value of Theories of Associative Learning.Tom Beckers & Bram Vervliet - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):200-201.
    In this commentary, we assess the propositional approach to associative learning not only in terms of veridicality and falsifiability, but also in heuristic value. We remark that it has furthered our knowledge and understanding of human, as well as animal, associative learning. At the same time, we maintain that models developed from the association formation tradition continue to bear great heuristic value as well.
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  11.  5
    Failures to Replicate Blocking Are Surprising and Informative—Reply to Soto.Elisa Maes, Angelos-Miltiadis Krypotos, Yannick Boddez, Joaquín Matías Alfei Palloni, Rudi D'Hooge, Jan De Houwer & Tom Beckers - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (4):603-610.
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  12. The Elusive Nature of the Blocking Effect: 15 Failures to Replicate.Elisa Maes, Yannick Boddez, Joaquín Matías Alfei, Angelos-Miltiadis Krypotos, Rudi D'Hooge, Jan De Houwer & Tom Beckers - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (9):e49-e71.
  13.  8
    Working Memory and Reinforcement Schedule Jointly Determine Reinforcement Learning in Children: Potential Implications for Behavioral Parent Training.Elien Segers, Tom Beckers, Hilde Geurts, Laurence Claes, Marina Danckaerts & Saskia van der Oord - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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