Results for 'Tom Pollard'

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  1.  18
    Contributors to This Issue 131–132 Acknowledgment of External Reviewers for 2003 133–134.Frank Dobbin, Charles Perrow, Tom Pollard, Ray Pratt, Timothy W. Luke, Steven Best & Douglas Kellner - 2004 - Theory and Society 33:741-743.
  2.  51
    Utilitarianism is Inhuman.Luke Pollard - 2008 - Think 6 (16):69.
    In this article Luke Pollard examines and expounds the integrity objections to Utilitarianism. He argues for their veracity, and concludes that any ethical theory, such as Utilitarianism, which makes itself impossible for humans to follow, is not what may be considered as a.
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  3.  45
    A Higher-Order Theory of Presupposition.Scott Martin & Carl Pollard - 2012 - Studia Logica 100 (4):727-751.
    So-called 'dynamic' semantic theories such as Kamp's discourse representation theory and Heim's file change semantics account for such phenomena as cross-sentential anaphora, donkey anaphora, and the novelty condition on indefinites, but compare unfavorably with Montague semantics in some important respects (clarity and simplicity of mathematical foundations, compositionality, handling of quantification and coordination). Preliminary efforts have been made by Muskens and by de Groote to revise and extend Montague semantics to cover dynamic phenomena. We present a new higher-order theory of discourse (...)
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  4.  26
    The Domain of Set-Valued Feature Structures.M. Andrew Moshier & Carl J. Pollard - 1994 - Linguistics and Philosophy 17 (6):607-631.
    It is well-known that feature structures can be fruitfully viewed as forming a Scott domain. Once a linguistically motivated notion of set value in feature structures is countenanced, however, this is no longer possible inasmuch as unification of set values in general fails to yield a unique result. In Pollard and Moshier 1990 it was shown that, while falling short of forming a Scott domain, the set of feature structures possibly containing set values satisfies the weaker condition of forming (...)
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  5.  21
    Fatal Licence: Commentary on the 'Consent to Medical Treatment and Palliative Care Amendment Bill 2008'. [REVIEW]Brian Pollard - 2010 - Bioethics Research Notes 22 (2):19.
    Pollard, Brian The extreme difficulties in attempting to make safe euthanasia law, with an argument of treatment in case of patients who can ask for death to escape from pain and patients who are not in a position to ask, are documented. Published findings of five large inquiries into the issue show that it would not be possible to make such law without endangering the lives of some of those who did not want to die.
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  6.  15
    Francesca da Rimini.David Pollard - 2012 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 4 (1):11 - 13.
    David Pollard's previously unpublished poem 'Francesca da Rimini'.
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  7. Explaining Actions with Habits.Bill Pollard - 2006 - American Philosophical Quarterly 43 (1):57 - 69.
    From time to time we explain what people do by referring to their habits. We explain somebody’s putting the kettle on in the morning as done through “force of habit”. We explain somebody’s missing a turning by saying that she carried straight on “out of habit”. And we explain somebody’s biting her nails as a manifestation of “a bad habit”. These are all examples of what will be referred to here as habit explanations. Roughly speaking, they explain by referring to (...)
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  8.  70
    Can Virtuous Actions Be Both Habitual and Rational?Bill Pollard - 2003 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 6 (4):411-425.
    Virtuous actions seem to be both habitual and rational. But if we combine an intuitive understanding of habituality with the currently predominant paradigm of rational action, these two features of virtuous actions are hard to reconcile. Intuitively, acting habitually is acting as one has before in similar contexts, and automatically, that is, without thinking about it. Meanwhile, contemporary philosophers tend to assume the truth of what I call the reasons theory of rational action, which states that all rational actions are (...)
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  9.  35
    Invariant Reversible QEEG Effects of Anesthetics.E. R. John, L. S. Prichep, W. Kox, P. Valdés-Sosa, J. Bosch-Bayard, E. Aubert, M. Tom, F. diMichele & L. D. Gugino - 2001 - Consciousness and Cognition 10 (2):165-183.
    Continuous recordings of brain electrical activity were obtained from a group of 176 patients throughout surgical procedures using general anesthesia. Artifact-free data from the 19 electrodes of the International 10/20 System were subjected to quantitative analysis of the electroencephalogram (QEEG). Induction was variously accomplished with etomidate, propofol or thiopental. Anesthesia was maintained throughout the procedures by isoflurane, desflurane or sevoflurane (N = 68), total intravenous anesthesia using propofol (N = 49), or nitrous oxide plus narcotics (N = 59). A set (...)
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  10.  94
    Naturalizing the Space of Reasons.Bill Pollard - 2005 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 13 (1):69 – 82.
    Given the Sellarsian distinction between the space of causes and the space of reasons, the naturalist seeks to articulate how these two spaces are unproblematically related. In Mind and World (1996) John McDowell suggests that such a naturalism can be achieved by pointing out that we work our way into the space of reasons by the process of upbringing he calls Bildung. 'The resulting habits of thought and action', writes McDowell, 'are second nature' (p. 84). In this paper I expose (...)
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  11.  35
    The Efficacy of Accounts for a Breach of Confidentiality by Management.Robert A. Giacalone & Hinda Greyser Pollard - 1987 - Journal of Business Ethics 6 (5):393 - 397.
    Management and non-management employees of a northeastern bank read a description of a manager who engaged in a breach of confidentiality. Subjects were asked to evaluate the acceptability of 27 excuses. Results showed that subjects' ratings of acceptability were affected by their individual perception of the severity of the stimulus manager's breach of confidentiality. Subjects' rank did not affect acceptability of accounts.
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  12.  53
    Mathematical Determinacy and the Transferability of Aboutness.Stephen Pollard - 2007 - Synthese 159 (1):83-98.
    Competent speakers of natural languages can borrow reference from one another. You can arrange for your utterances of ‘Kirksville’ to refer to the same thing as my utterances of ‘Kirksville’. We can then talk about the same thing when we discuss Kirksville. In cases like this, you borrow “ aboutness ” from me by borrowing reference. Now suppose I wish to initiate a line of reasoning applicable to any prime number. I might signal my intention by saying, “Let p be (...)
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  13.  60
    Actions, Habits and Constitution.Bill Pollard - 2006 - Ratio 19 (2):229–248.
    In this paper I offer a critique of the view made popular by Davidson that rationalization is a species of causal explanation, and propose instead that in many cases the explanatory relation is constitutive. Given Davidson’s conception of rationalization, which allows that a huge range of states gathered under the heading ‘pro attitude’ could rationalize an action, I argue that whilst the causal thesis may have some merit for some such ‘attitudes’, it has none for others. The problematic ‘attitudes’ are (...)
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  14.  57
    Milne's Measure of Confirmation.Stephen Pollard - 1999 - Analysis 59 (4):335–338.
  15.  57
    Plural Quantification and the Axiom of Choice.Stephen Pollard - 1988 - Philosophical Studies 54 (3):393 - 397.
  16. Hume's Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals.Bill Pollard - manuscript
    • Historical: Adam Smith, Thomas Reid; Kant; Bentham and Mill • Contemporary: Normative ethics: indirect influence through Utilitarian theory; Meta-ethics: “Humean” theories of moral motivation (Smith, Blackburn), (also influences accounts of rational action in general). Non-cognitivism (Mackie, Blackburn, Gibbard).
     
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  17.  56
    Hyperstructures, Genome Analysis and I-Cells.Patrick Amar, Pascal Ballet, Georgia Barlovatz-Meimon, Arndt Benecke, Gilles Bernot, Yves Bouligand, Paul Bourguine, Franck Delaplace, Jean-Marc Delosme, Maurice Demarty, Itzhak Fishov, Jean Fourmentin-Guilbert, Joe Fralick, Jean-Louis Giavitto, Bernard Gleyse, Christophe Godin, Roberto Incitti, François Képès, Catherine Lange, Lois Le Sceller, Corinne Loutellier, Olivier Michel, Franck Molina, Chantal Monnier, René Natowicz, Vic Norris, Nicole Orange, Helene Pollard, Derek Raine, Camille Ripoll, Josette Rouviere-Yaniv, Milton Saier, Paul Soler, Pierre Tambourin, Michel Thellier, Philippe Tracqui, Dave Ussery, Jean-Claude Vincent, Jean-Pierre Vannier, Philippa Wiggins & Abdallah Zemirline - 2002 - Acta Biotheoretica 50 (4):357-373.
    New concepts may prove necessary to profit from the avalanche of sequence data on the genome, transcriptome, proteome and interactome and to relate this information to cell physiology. Here, we focus on the concept of large activity-based structures, or hyperstructures, in which a variety of types of molecules are brought together to perform a function. We review the evidence for the existence of hyperstructures responsible for the initiation of DNA replication, the sequestration of newly replicated origins of replication, cell division (...)
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  18.  44
    What is Abstraction?Stephen Pollard - 1987 - Noûs 21 (2):233-240.
  19.  50
    Who Needs Mereology?Stephen Pollard - 1997 - Philosophia Mathematica 5 (1):65-70.
    This note examines the mereological component of Geoffrey Hellman's most recent version of modal structuralism. There are plausible forms of agnosticism that benefit only a little from Hellman's mereological turn.
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  20.  77
    Blackburn's Ruling Passions: A Partial Reply.Bill Pollard - manuscript
    Ruling Passions is Simon Blackburn’s latest attempt to defend a theory of practical reason which he calls “expressivism”.2 In the first three chapters Blackburn outlines an account of how we should understand statements of right, good and virtue, as well as their negative counterparts (“the Ethical [or Moral] Proposition”, as he terms this amalgam). This he calls “quasi-realism”. I shall describe what this position entails in the first section. Secondly I shall consider the opposition to this view advanced by McDowell (...)
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  21.  41
    Mathematics for Property Theorists.Stephen Pollard & Norman M. Martin - 1986 - Philosophical Studies 49 (2):177 - 186.
  22.  33
    Sets, Wholes, and Limited Pluralitiest.Stephen Pollard - 1996 - Philosophia Mathematica 4 (1):42-58.
    This essay defends the following two claims: (1) liraitation-of-size reasoning yields enough sets to meet the needs of most mathematicians; (2) set formation and mereological fusion share enough logical features to justify placing both in the genus composition (even when the components of a set are taken to be its members rather than its subsets).
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  23.  28
    Choice Again.Stephen Pollard - 1992 - Philosophical Studies 66 (3):285 - 296.
  24.  28
    Authors Without Paradox.D. E. B. Pollard - 1989 - British Journal of Aesthetics 29 (4):363-366.
  25.  40
    On Talk ‘About’ Characters.D. E. B. Pollard - 1976 - British Journal of Aesthetics 16 (4):367-369.
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  26.  38
    Literature and Representation: A Note.D. E. B. Pollard - 1992 - British Journal of Aesthetics 32 (2):166-168.
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  27. Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics.Bill Pollard - manuscript
    • Life sciences: Father was Macedonian court doctor; ¼ of surviving work on biology • Alienation: spent most of life as an exile in Athens; can’t be assumed to be naïve defender of status quo. • Plato: Worked with Plato at the Academy in Athens for 20 years; later formed the..
     
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  28.  30
    On the Authorship of "Hume's" Abstract.R. W. Connon & M. Pollard - 1977 - Philosophical Quarterly 27 (106):60-66.
  29.  21
    M. J. Sirridge, Fiction, and Truth.D. E. B. Pollard - 1977 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 38 (2):251-256.
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  30.  27
    Weyl on Sets and Abstraction.Stephen Pollard - 1988 - Philosophical Studies 53 (1):131 - 140.
  31.  13
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]David Pollard - 1986 - British Journal of Aesthetics 26 (1):78-79.
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  32.  11
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]David Pollard - 1991 - British Journal of Aesthetics 31 (1):78-79.
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  33.  24
    Philosophy of Mathematics and the New Conservation.Stephen Pollard - 1988 - Metaphilosophy 19 (1):1–10.
  34.  10
    Fictions and Resemblances.D. E. B. Pollard - 1984 - British Journal of Aesthetics 24 (2):156-159.
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  35.  10
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]David Pollard - 1989 - British Journal of Aesthetics 29 (1):78-79.
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  36.  17
    Fiction and Modality.Denis E. B. Pollard - 1975 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 35 (4):472-483.
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  37.  9
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]D. E. B. PollarD - 1990 - British Journal of Aesthetics 30 (2):406-406.
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  38.  8
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Denis E. B. Pollard - 1985 - British Journal of Aesthetics 25 (4):406-406.
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  39.  12
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Denis Pollard - 1996 - British Journal of Aesthetics 36 (3):406-406.
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  40.  10
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]D. E. B. PollarD - 1993 - British Journal of Aesthetics 33 (4):406-406.
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  41. Invariant Reversible QEEG Effects of Anesthetics - Volume 10, Number 2 (2001), Pages 165-183.E. R. John, L. S. Prichep, W. Kox, P. Valdes-Sosa, J. Bosch-Bayard, E. Aubert, M. Tom, F. diMichele & L. D. Gugino - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (1):138-138.
     
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  42. Tom Regan on Kind Arguments Against Animal Rights and for Human Rights.Nathan Nobis - 2016 - In Mylan Engel Jr & Gary Comstock (eds.), The Moral Rights of Animals. Lexington Books. pp. 65-80.
    Tom Regan argues that human beings and some non-human animals have moral rights because they are “subjects of lives,” that is, roughly, conscious, sentient beings with an experiential welfare. A prominent critic, Carl Cohen, objects: he argues that only moral agents have rights and so animals, since they are not moral agents, lack rights. An objection to Cohen’s argument is that his theory of rights seems to imply that human beings who are not moral agents have no moral rights, but (...)
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  43. "We Are All Noah: Tom Regan's Olive Branch to Religious Animal Ethics".Matthew C. Halteman - 2018 - Between the Species 21 (Regan: In Memorium):151-177.
    For the past thirty years, the late Tom Regan bucked the trend among secular animal rights philosophers and spoke patiently and persistently to the best angels of religious ethics in a stream of publications that enjoins religious scholars, clergy, and lay people alike to rediscover the resources within their traditions for articulating and living out an animal ethics that is more consistent with their professed values of love, mercy, and justice. My aim in this article is to showcase some of (...)
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  44.  57
    Filosofia, Tom E ilusão musical em Kant. Da vivificação sonora do ânimo à recepção do Tom da razão.Nuria Sánchez Madrid - 2012 - Trans/Form/Ação 35 (1):47-72.
    O artigo tenciona, primeiramente, enriquecer o estudo da função que o conceito de tom desempenha na ideia kantiana de razão, ao estendê-lo à análise da música como arte dos sons que a Crítica do Juízo contém. Em segundo lugar, propõe-se determinar os motivos pelos quais a matemática se revela incapaz, devido à especificidade do método filosófico e à corporalidade da ecepção musical, respectivamente, de expressar o modo de proceder da razão e da arte dos sons. Finalmente, aponta-se para uma semelhança (...)
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  45.  27
    Tom Regan's Seafaring Dog and (Un) Equal Inherent Worth.Rem B. Edwards - 1993 - Between the Species 9 (4):231-235.
    Tom Regan's seafaring dog that is justifiably thrown out of the lifeboat built for four to save the lives of four humans has been the topic of much discussion. Critics have argued in a variety of ways that this dog nips at Regan's Achilles heel. Without reviewing previous discussions, with much of which I certainly agree, this article develops an unexplored approach to exposing the vulnerability of the position that Regan takes on sacrificing the dog to save the humans. It (...)
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  46.  30
    David Pollard and Philosophy.Jason Martin Wirth - 2016 - Research in Phenomenology 46 (1):117-134.
    _ Source: _Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 117 - 134 This essay attends to both the critical and poetic work of David Pollard. In so doing, it not only engages the works themselves, but also allows the contours of such an engagement to manifest themselves, both with regards to the works at hand and more broadly. What does reading and thinking with Pollard give us to experience about reading and thinking as such?
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  47.  30
    The Many Paths to Covenantal Leadership: Traditional Resources for Contemporary Business. [REVIEW]Moses L. Pava - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 29 (1-2):85 - 93.
    Many corporate managers are increasingly looking to the covenant model for inspiration, guidance, and most of all, practical business wisdom. While some managers seemingly exploit the religiously inspired language of covenant for purely self-interested reasons, other managers and executives like Tom Chappell of Tom''s of Maine, Max De Pree of Herman Miller, Aaron Feurstein of Malden Mills, and C. William Pollard of ServiceMaster, express an authentic attachment to the idea. While these executives have been the most articulate and the (...)
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  48.  27
    Thieves of Virtue: When Bioethics Stole Medicine by Tom Koch (Review).Tom L. Beauchamp - 2014 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 24 (3):11-14.
    The principal thesis in this book is that bioethics emerged—in the 1960s through the 1980s—under the influence of philosophers who claimed to have universally valid principles that could steer medicine and research to the solution of ethical problems, including even those arising at the bedside of patients. Tom Koch contends that these philosophers and their allied bioethicists “stole medicine” and its traditional values, substituting a philosophical discourse generally inaccessible to the average person. Philosophers thereby refashioned medical ethics in accordance with (...)
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  49. How We Think Mādhyamikas Think: A Response To Tom Tillemans.Yasuo Deguchi, Jay L. Garfield & Graham Priest - 2013 - Philosophy East and West 63 (3):426-435.
    In his article in this issue, " 'How do Mādhyamikas Think?' Revisited," Tom Tillemans reflects on his earlier article "How do Mādhyamikas Think?" (2009), itself a response to earlier work of ours (Deguchi et al. 2008; Garfield and Priest 2003). There is much we agree with in these non-dogmatic and open-minded essays. Still, we have some disagreements. We begin with a response to Tillemans' first thoughts, and then turn to his second thoughts.Tillemans (2009) maintains that it is wrong to attribute (...)
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  50. Epistemic Instrumentalism and Reasons for Belief: A Reply to Tom Kelly's "Epistemic Rationality as Instrumental Rationality: A Critique".Adam Leite - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (2):456–464.
    Tom Kelly argues that instrumentalist aeeounts of epistemie rationality fail beeause what a person has reason to believe does not depend upon the eontent of his or her goals. However, his argument fails to distinguish questions about what the evidence supports from questions about what a person ought to believe. Once these are distinguished, the instrumentalist ean avoid Kelly’s objeetions. The paperconcludes by sketehing what I take to be the most defensible version of the instrumentalist view.
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