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  1.  2
    Testing Sleep Consolidation in Skill Learning: A Field Study Using an Online Game.Tom Stafford & Erwin Haasnoot - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (2):485-496.
    Using an observational sample of players of a simple online game, we are able to trace the development of skill in that game. Information on playing time, and player location, allows us to estimate time of day during which practice took place. We compare those whose breaks in practice probably contained a night's sleep and those whose breaks in practice probably did not contain a night's sleep. Our analysis confirms experimental evidence showing a benefit of spacing for skill learning, but (...)
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  2.  4
    Testing Sleep Consolidation in Skill Learning: A Field Study Using an Online Game.Tom Stafford & Erwin Haasnoot - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (4).
    Using an observational sample of players of a simple online game, we are able to trace the development of skill in that game. Information on playing time, and player location, allows us to estimate time of day during which practice took place. We compare those whose breaks in practice probably contained a night's sleep and those whose breaks in practice probably did not contain a night's sleep. Our analysis confirms experimental evidence showing a benefit of spacing for skill learning, but (...)
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  3.  13
    Intrinsic Motivations and Open-Ended Development in Animals, Humans, and Robots: An Overview.Gianluca Baldassarre, Tom Stafford, Marco Mirolli, Peter Redgrave, Richard M. Ryan & Andrew Barto - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
    This is the Editorial of the Research Topic (Special Issue) in Frontiers in Psychology and Frontiers in Neurorobotics: Intrinsic motivations and open-ended development in animals, humans, and robots.
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  4.  83
    What is Implicit Bias?Jules Holroyd, Robin Scaife & Tom Stafford - 2017 - Philosophy Compass 12 (10):e12437.
    Research programs in empirical psychology over the past few decades have led scholars to posit implicit biases. This is due to the development of innovative behavioural measures that have revealed aspects of our cognitions which may not be identified on self-report measures requiring individuals to reflect on and report their attitudes and beliefs. But what does it mean to characterise such biases as implicit? Can we satisfactorily articulate the grounds for identifying them as bias? And crucially, what sorts of cognitions (...)
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    The Perspectival Shift: How Experiments on Unconscious Processing Don't Justify the Claims Made for Them.Tom Stafford - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  6.  26
    Brain Network: Social Media and the Cognitive Scientist.Tom Stafford & Vaughan Bell - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (10):489-490.
  7.  1
    Additive Factors Do Not Imply Discrete Processing Stages: A Worked Example Using Models of the Stroop Task.Tom Stafford & Kevin N. Gurney - 2011 - Frontiers in Psychology 2.
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  8.  25
    Piéron's Law Holds During Stroop Conflict: Insights Into the Architecture of Decision Making.Tom Stafford, Leanne Ingram & Kevin N. Gurney - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (8):1553-1566.
    Piéron's Law describes the relationship between stimulus intensity and reaction time. Previously (Stafford & Gurney, 2004), we have shown that Piéron's Law is a necessary consequence of rise-to-threshold decision making and thus will arise from optimal simple decision-making algorithms (e.g., Bogacz, Brown, Moehlis, Holmes, & Cohen, 2006). Here, we manipulate the color saturation of a Stroop stimulus. Our results show that Piéron's Law holds for color intensity and color-naming reaction time, extending the domain of this law, in line with our (...)
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