36 found
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  1.  37
    The capacity to designate a surrogate is distinct from decisional capacity: normative and empirical considerations.Mark Navin, Jason Adam Wasserman, Devan Stahl & Tom Tomlinson - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (3):189-192.
    The capacity to designate a surrogate is not simply another kind of medical decision-making capacity. A patient with DMC can express a preference, understand information relevant to that choice, appreciate the significance of that information for their clinical condition, and reason about their choice in light of their goals and values. In contrast, a patient can possess the CDS even if they cannot appreciate their condition or reason about the relative risks and benefits of their options. Patients who lack DMC (...)
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  2.  12
    Methods in Medical Ethics: Critical Perspectives.Tom Tomlinson - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    This book systematically reviews a variety of methods for addressing ethical problems in medicine, accounting for both their weaknesses and strengths. Illustrated throughout with specific cases or controversies, the book aims to develop an informed eclecticism that knows how to pick the right tool for the right job.
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  3. The Irreversibility of Death: Reply to Cole.Tom Tomlinson - 1993 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 3 (2):157-165.
    Professor Cole is correct in his conclusion that the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) protocol does not violate requirements of "irreversibility" in criteria of death, but wrong about the reasons. "Irreversible" in this context is best understood not as an ontological or epistemic term, but as an ethical one. Understood that way, the patient declared dead under the protocol is "irreversibly" so, even though resuscitation by medical means is still possible. Nonetheless, the protocol revives difficult questions about our concept (...)
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  4.  18
    Respecting Donors to Biobank Research.Tom Tomlinson - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 43 (1):41-47.
    The research importance of biobanked biological materials and their derived data is growing, especially as these are increasingly linked with individual and population‐level medical and health information. The number, diversity, and size of biobanks are growing in tandem. So, too, is the number of individuals whose donations are being used in biobank‐supported research, with or without their knowledge. Pretty soon, we all will be “participants” in a variety of research projects we know nothing about. Until recently, our leftover tissue or (...)
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  5.  45
    The moral concerns of biobank donors: the effect of non-welfare interests on willingness to donate.Raymond G. De Vries, Tom Tomlinson, H. Myra Kim, Chris D. Krenz, Kerry A. Ryan, Nicole Lehpamer & Scott Y. H. Kim - 2016 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 12 (1):1-15.
    Donors to biobanks are typically asked to give blanket consent, allowing their donation to be used in any research authorized by the biobank. This type of consent ignores the evidence that some donors have moral, religious, or cultural concerns about the future uses of their donations – concerns we call “non-welfare interests”. The nature of non-welfare interests and their effect on willingness to donate to a biobank is not well understood. In order to better undersand the influence of non-welfare interests, (...)
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  6.  8
    Life and Death: Philosophical Essays in Biomedical Ethics.Tom Tomlinson & Dan W. Brock - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (4):43.
    Book reviewed in this article: Life and Death: Philosophical Essays in Biomedical Ethics. By Dan W. Brock.
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  7. Casuistry in medical ethics: Rehabilitated, or repeat offender?Tom Tomlinson - 1994 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (1).
    For a number of reasons, casuistry has come into vogue in medical ethics. Despite the frequency with which it is avowed, the application of casuistry to issues in medical ethics has been given virtually no systematic defense in the ethics literature. That may be for good reason, since a close examination reveals that casuistry delivers much less than its advocates suppose, and that it shares some of the same weaknesses as the principle-based methods it would hope to supplant.
     
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  8.  9
    Getting Off the Leash.Tom Tomlinson - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (9):48-49.
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  9.  17
    Misunderstanding death on a respirator.Tom Tomlinson - 1990 - Bioethics 4 (3):253–264.
  10.  6
    Misunderstanding Death on a Respirator.Tom Tomlinson - 1990 - Bioethics 4 (3):253-264.
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  11.  14
    Futility and Hospital Policy.Tom Tomlinson & Diane Czlonka - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (3):28-35.
    Hospital futility policies are ethically defensible, but they require the proper understanding of futility and should be embedded in a larger process for making decisions about limiting treatment.
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  12.  5
    How to Be Fair, and Power Research? Select Patients by Flipping a Coin.Tom Tomlinson - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (9):29-31.
    Volume 20, Issue 9, September 2020, Page 29-31.
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  13.  38
    The conservative use of the brain-death criterion – a critique.Tom Tomlinson - 1984 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 9 (4):377-394.
    The whole brain-death criterion of death now enjoys a wide acceptance both within the medical profession and among the general public. That acceptance is in large part the product of the contention that brain death is the proper criterion for even a conservative definition of death – the irreversible loss of the integrated functioning of the organism as a whole. This claim – most recently made in the report of the Presidential Commission and in a comprehensive article by James Bernat (...)
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  14. Improving our aim.Judith Andre, Leonard Fleck & Tom Tomlinson - 1999 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (2):130 – 147.
    Bioethicists appearing in the media have been accused of "shooting from the hip" (Rachels, 1991). The criticism is sometimes justified. We identify some reasons our interactions with the press can have bad results and suggest remedies. In particular we describe a target (fostering better public dialogue), obstacles to hitting the target (such as intrinsic and accidental defects in our knowledge) and suggest some practical ways to surmont those obstacles (including seeking out ways to write or speak at length, rather than (...)
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  15.  9
    The Texas Advance Directives Act Is Not About Professional Integrity.Tom Tomlinson - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (8):46-48.
  16. No. 3, Sprinq 2003.Barry DeCoster, Leonard Fleck, Tom Tomlinson, J. D. Clayton Thomason, M. A. Libby Bogdan-Lovis, Jan Holmes, Judith Andre & Beth McPhail - 2003 - Medical Humanities 24 (3).
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  17.  72
    Balancing Principles in Beauchamp and Childress.Tom Tomlinson - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 4:191-196.
    In the latest edition of Principles of Biomedical Ethics, Tom Beauchamp and James Childress provide an expanded discussion of the ethical theory underlying their treatment of issues in medical ethics. Balancing judgements remain central to their method, as does the contention that such judgements are more than intuitive. This theory is developed precisely in response to the common skepticism directed at "principlism" in medical ethics. Such skepticism includes the claim that moral reasoning comes to a dead halt when confronted by (...)
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  18. Chalmers C. Clark replies.Tom Tomlinson - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
     
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  19.  7
    Competence in Plain English.Tom Tomlinson - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (6):inside back cover-inside back co.
    Like many other bioethicists, I often give talks on clinical topics that may touch on the patient's right of autonomy with regard to medical treatment and, from there, may move to questions about whether said patient has the capacity to exercise said right. When I get to that subject, I might ask, “Is this person competent to refuse treatment?” A stunned silence falls over the room, until finally a hand shoots up. “‘Competent’ is a legal term,” I am instructed. “Don't (...)
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  20. Demystifying Biobanks Reply.Tom Tomlinson - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (5):5-6.
  21. Ethics, Professionalism, and Humanities at Michigan State University College of Human Medicine.Tom Tomlinson, Judith Andre & Len Fleck - 2003 - Academic Medicine 78 (10).
     
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  22.  10
    Human Biospecimens Come from People.Tom Tomlinson & Raymond G. De Vries - 2019 - Ethics and Human Research 41 (2).
    Contrary to the revised Common Rule, and contrary to the views of many bioethicists and researchers, we argue that broad consent should be sought for anticipated later research uses of deidentified biospecimens and health information collected during medical care. Individuals differ in the kinds of risk they find concerning and in their willingness to permit use of their biospecimens for future research. For this reason, asking their permission for unspecified research uses is a fundamental expression of respect for them as (...)
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  23.  13
    SARS and the Duty to Treat: Remember AIDS?Tom Tomlinson - 2004 - Hastings Center Report 34 (1):4.
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  24.  19
    Surrogate Mothers and Parental Rights.Tom Tomlinson, Michael F. Goodman & Mary B. Mahowald - 1984 - Hastings Center Report 14 (3):42-44.
  25.  2
    Surrogacy Revisited.Tom Tomlinson & George Annas - 1989 - Hastings Center Report 19 (3):44.
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  26.  8
    The Author Replies.Tom Tomlinson - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (5):5-6.
    A response to commentaries by David Wendler and by Bartha M. Knoppers, Edward S. Dove, and Ma'n H. Zawati on “Respecting Donors to Biobank Research,” from the January‐February 2013 issue.
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  27.  7
    Telethics and the Virtual Intensivist—A Comment on Pronovost and Williams.Tom Tomlinson - 2001 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 12 (1):69-72.
  28.  3
    To the Editor.Tom Tomlinson - 2011 - Hastings Center Report 41 (2):7-7.
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  29.  6
    Uncomfortable humor.Tom Tomlinson - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 42 (3):9.
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  30. When Is It Ethical to Withhold a Research Incentive?Tom Tomlinson - 2011 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 33 (6):14-16.
    For methodological or other legitimate reasons it may sometimes be advantageous to withhold an incentive from research participants who don’t meet certain conditions. This commentary describes a case in which the researchers propose such a plan. The IRB reviewers object to the plan, claiming that it exacts a penalty against participants’ right to withdraw, and that it exerts an undue influence on their continued participation. Each of these arguments is critically evaluated and found unpersuasive.
     
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  31.  24
    You'll Find Out When You Get Your Paper Back.Tom Tomlinson - 1987 - Teaching Philosophy 10 (1):53-55.
  32.  9
    Confluence of Philosophy and Law in Applied Ethics, written by Norbert Paulo.Tom Tomlinson - 2018 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 95 (4):589-595.
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  33.  26
    Ethics consultant: Problem solver or spiritual counselor? [REVIEW]Tom Tomlinson - 1999 - Human Studies 22 (1):43-52.
    The primary goal of ethics consultation should be to provide effective assistance to patients and families in obtaining care that is duly responsive to their rights and their needs. The consultation reported by Mark Bliton fails in this regard because it never ascertains why the consultation was called; makes little attempt to ascertain the motives of those involved; avoids exploration of the ethical concerns of family, attending or staff; makes no connection with institutional policies or practices; uncritically adopts and serves (...)
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  34.  7
    Brock over a Decade. [REVIEW]Tom Tomlinson - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (4):43.
    Book reviewed in this article: Life and Death: Philosophical Essays in Biomedical Ethics. By Dan W. Brock.
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  35.  4
    Conflict in the Balance. [REVIEW]Tom Tomlinson - 1989 - Hastings Center Report 19 (3):42.
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  36.  5
    Samaritans and Lockeans. [REVIEW]Tom Tomlinson - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (4):42.
    The New Medicine and the Old Ethics. By Albert R. Jonsen.
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