Results for 'Toma�� Mastnak'

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  1.  22
    Tomáš Pospiszyl: Srovnávací studie. [REVIEW]Tomáš Hříbek - 2007 - Estetika 44 (1-4):211-215.
    A review of Tomáš Pospiszyl’s Srovnávací studie.
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  2. Tomáš Marvan (ed.), What Determines Content? The Externalism/Internalism Dispute. [REVIEW]Tomas Hribek - 2010 - Filosoficky Casopis 58:443-446.
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  3. Claire Katz & Lara Trout (Ed.), Emmanuel Levinas. Critical Assessments of Leading Philosophers (Tomás Tatranský).Tomáš Tatranský, Sophie Loidolt, Eric Sean Nelson, Lawrence Petch, Rolf Kühn, Yves Mayzaud, Denisa Butnaru, Andreea Parapuf & Jassen Andreev - 2006 - Studia Phaenomenologica 6 (1):453-487.
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  4. Oposición y contradicción en Aristóteles y Tomás de Aquino.Tomás Lorenzo Melendo Granados - 1981 - Anuario Filosófico 14 (1):63-100.
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  5. Sobre la Unidad del Intelecto contra los Averroístas, Tomás de Aquino – Tratado acerca del Alma Intelectiva, Siger de Brabante.Tomás de Aquino & Siger de Brabante - 2005 - Pamplona: EUNSA.
    La Universidad de París en la Europa de finales del siglo XIII fue centro de acaloradas discusiones acerca del alma del hombre. La cuestión del alma es el punto doctrinal central y se muestra decisivo porque en la resolución de este único punto puede verse el trasfondo antropológico y metafísico de toda una cosmovisión filosófica e incluso teológica del universo. Una de las más problemáticas cuestiones que se plantearon acerca del alma es el problema de la unidad del intelecto para (...)
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  6.  4
    Človĕk jako živočich rozumový a vtĕlený Duch tomáš akvinský a současná tomistická perspektiva.Tomáš Machula - 2011 - Filozofia 66 (1).
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  7.  22
    Schmitt's Behemoth.Tomaž Mastnak - 2010 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 13 (2-3):275-296.
  8. Essays in the Philosophy of Science. Edited with an Introd. By Vincent Tomas.Charles S. Peirce & Vincent Tomas - 1957 - Liberal Arts Press.
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  9. Thoughtful Brutes.Tomas Hribek - 2012 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 19:70-82.
    Donald Davidson and John Searle famously differ, among other things, on the issue of animal thoughts. Davidson seems to be a latter-day Cartesian, denying any propositional thought to subhuman animals, while Searle seems to follow Hume in claiming that if we have thoughts, then animals do, too. Davidson’s argument centers on the idea that language is necessary for thought, which Searle rejects. The paper argues two things. Firstly, Searle eventually argues that much of a more complex thought does depend on (...)
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  10. Evaluating Arguments for the Sex/Gender Distinction.Tomas Bogardus - 2020 - Philosophia 48 (3):873-892.
    Many philosophers believe that our ordinary English words man and woman are “gender terms,” and gender is distinct from biological sex. That is, they believe womanhood and manhood are not defined even partly by biological sex. This sex/gender distinction is one of the most influential ideas of the twentieth century on the broader culture, both popular and academic. Less well known are the reasons to think it’s true. My interest in this paper is to show that, upon investigation, the arguments (...)
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  11. Only All Naturalists Should Worry About Only One Evolutionary Debunking Argument.Tomas Bogardus - 2016 - Ethics 126 (3):636-661.
    Do the facts of evolution generate an epistemic challenge to moral realism? Some think so, and many “evolutionary debunking arguments” have been discussed in the recent literature. But they are all murky right where it counts most: exactly which epistemic principle is meant to take us from evolutionary considerations to the skeptical conclusion? Here, I will identify several distinct species of evolutionary debunking argument in the literature, each one of which relies on a distinct epistemic principle. Drawing on recent work (...)
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  12. Some Internal Problems with Revisionary Gender Concepts.Tomas Bogardus - 2020 - Philosophia 48 (1):55-75.
    Feminism has long grappled with its own demarcation problem—exactly what is it to be a woman?—and the rise of trans-inclusive feminism has made this problem more urgent. I will first consider Sally Haslanger’s “social and hierarchical” account of woman, resulting from “Ameliorative Inquiry”: she balances ordinary use of the term against the instrumental value of novel definitions in advancing the cause of feminism. Then, I will turn to Katharine Jenkins’ charge that Haslanger’s view suffers from an “Inclusion Problem”: it fails (...)
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  13. Knowledge Under Threat.Tomas Bogardus - 2014 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 88 (2):289-313.
    Many contemporary epistemologists hold that a subject S’s true belief that p counts as knowledge only if S’s belief that p is also, in some important sense, safe. I describe accounts of this safety condition from John Hawthorne, Duncan Pritchard, and Ernest Sosa. There have been three counterexamples to safety proposed in the recent literature, from Comesaña, Neta and Rohrbaugh, and Kelp. I explain why all three proposals fail: each moves fallaciously from the fact that S was at epistemic risk (...)
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  14. Yes, Safety is in Danger.Tomas Bogardus & Chad Marxen - 2014 - Philosophia 42 (2):321-334.
    In an essay recently published in this journal (“Is Safety in Danger?”), Fernando Broncano-Berrocal defends the safety condition on knowledge from a counterexample proposed by Tomas Bogardus (Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 2012). In this paper, we will define the safety condition, briefly explain the proposed counterexample, and outline Broncano-Berrocal’s defense of the safety condition. We will then raise four objections to Broncano-Berrocal’s defense, four implausible implications of his central claim. In the end, we conclude that Broncano-Berrocal’s defense of the safety (...)
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  15.  11
    A Review of Possible Effects of Cognitive Biases on Interpretation of Rule-Based Machine Learning Models. [REVIEW]Tomáš Kliegr, Štěpán Bahník & Johannes Fürnkranz - 2021 - Artificial Intelligence 295:103458.
  16. Why the Trans Inclusion Problem Cannot Be Solved.Tomas Bogardus - forthcoming - Philosophia:1-26.
    What is a woman? The definition of this central concept of feminism has lately become especially controversial and politically charged. “Ameliorative Inquirists” have rolled up their sleeves to reengineer our ordinary concept of womanhood, with a goal of including in the definition all and only those who identify as women, both “cis” and “trans.” This has proven to be a formidable challenge. Every proposal so far has failed to draw the boundaries of womanhood in a way acceptable to the Ameliorative (...)
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  17. If Naturalism is True, Then Scientific Explanation is Impossible.Tomas Bogardus - forthcoming - Religious Studies:1-24.
    I begin by retracing an argument from Aristotle for final causes in science. Then, I advance this ancient thought, and defend an argument for a stronger conclusion: that no scientific explanation can succeed, if Naturalism is true. The argument goes like this: (1) Any scientific explanation can be successful only if it crucially involves a natural regularity. Next, I argue that (2) any explanation can be successful only if it crucially involves no element that calls out for explanation but lacks (...)
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  18. The Moral Point of View: A Rational Basis of Ethics.Vincent Tomas - 1958 - Philosophical Review 69 (4):548-553.
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  19.  2
    Novel, Original, and Business as Usual: Contributing in the Humanities.Tomas Hellström - forthcoming - Arts and Humanities in Higher Education.
    This paper focuses on how contributions are argued in research proposals in the humanities. Due to standardizing tendencies in research funding towards formats characteristic of science, technology...
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  20.  14
    On the Conceptuality Interpretation of Quantum and Relativity Theories.Tomas Veloz, Sandro Sozzo, Massimiliano Sassoli de Bianchi & Diederik Aerts - 2020 - Foundations of Science 25 (1):5-54.
    How can we explain the strange behavior of quantum and relativistic entities? Why do they behave in ways that defy our intuition about how physical entities should behave, considering our ordinary experience of the world around us? In this article, we address these questions by showing that the comportment of quantum and relativistic entities is not that strange after all, if we only consider what their nature might possibly be: not an objectual one, but a conceptual one. This not in (...)
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  21.  20
    How Choice Ecology Influences Search in Decisions From Experience.Tomás Lejarraga, Ralph Hertwig & Cleotilde Gonzalez - 2012 - Cognition 124 (3):334-342.
  22.  6
    Metaphysics of the Common World: Whitehead, Latour, and the Modes of Existence.Tomas Weber - 2016 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 30 (4):515-533.
    ABSTRACT We exist only because we inhabit a world in common, embedded within networks of associations between humans and nonhumans. This is endlessly disclosed by our experience of the world. And yet, despite its palpability, it is clear that we have failed to mobilize a notion of the common world into something capable of guiding our modes of thought and collective forms of activity—our attitudes, our affective lives, our politics. How have we arrived here? Bruno Latour's work suggests that an (...)
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  23.  15
    Failure of chatbot Tay was evil, ugliness and uselessness in its nature or do we judge it through cognitive shortcuts and biases?Tomáš Zemčík - 2021 - AI and Society 36 (1):361-367.
    This study deals with the failure of one of the most advanced chatbots called Tay, created by Microsoft. Many users, commentators and experts strongly anthropomorphised this chatbot in their assessment of the case around Tay. This view is so widespread that we can identify it as a certain typical cognitive distortion or bias. This study presents a summary of facts concerning the Tay case, collaborative perspectives from eminent experts: Tay did not mean anything by its morally objectionable statements because, in (...)
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  24. Knowledge is Believing Something Because It's True.Tomas Bogardus & Will Perrin - 2022 - Episteme 19 (2):178-196.
    Modalists think that knowledge requires forming your belief in a “modally stable” way: using a method that wouldn't easily go wrong, or using a method that wouldn't have given you this belief had it been false. Recent Modalist projects from Justin Clarke-Doane and Dan Baras defend a principle they call “Modal Security,” roughly: if evidence undermines your belief, then it must give you a reason to doubt the safety or sensitivity of your belief. Another recent Modalist project from Carlotta Pavese (...)
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  25. The Problem of Contingency for Religious Belief.Tomas Bogardus - 2013 - Faith and Philosophy 30 (4):371-392.
    In this paper, I hope to solve a problem that’s as old as the hills: the problem of contingency for religious belief. Paradigmatic examples of this argument begin with a counterfactual premise: had we been born at a different time or in a difference place, we easily could have held different beliefs on religious topics. Ultimately, and perhaps by additional steps, we’re meant to reach the skeptical conclusion that very many of our religious beliefs do not amount to knowledge. I (...)
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  26.  32
    Representation and Extension of States on MV-Algebras.TomአKroupa - 2006 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 45 (4):381-392.
    MV-algebras stand for the many-valued Łukasiewicz logic the same as Boolean algebras for the classical logic. States on MV-algebras were first mentioned [20] in probability theory and later also introduced in effort to capture a notion of `an average truth-value of proposition' [15] in Łukasiewicz many-valued logic. In the presented paper, an integral representation theorem for finitely-additive states on semisimple MV-algebra will be proven. Further, we shall prove extension theorems concerning states defined on sub-MV-algebras and normal partitions of unity generalizing (...)
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  27.  14
    Economics of Good and Evil: The Quest for Economic Meaning From Gilgamesh to Wall Street.Tomas Sedlacek - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Argues that economics is a cultural phenomenon, rather than a strictly mathematical entity, that is found in mythology, religion, philosophy, psychology, ...
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  28. La noción Del esse en Los primeros escritos de santo Tomás de aquino.Escritos de Santo Tomás de Aquino - 1996 - Sapientia 199:59.
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  29. Disagreeing with the (Religious) Skeptic.Tomas Bogardus - 2013 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 74 (1):5-17.
    Some philosophers believe that, when epistemic peers disagree, each has an obligation to accord the other’s assessment equal weight as her own. Other philosophers worry that this Equal-Weight View is vulnerable to straightforward counterexamples, and that it requires an unacceptable degree of spinelessness with respect to our most treasured philosophical, political, and religious beliefs. I think that both of these allegations are false. To show this, I carefully state the Equal-Weight View, motivate it, describe apparent counterexamples to it, and then (...)
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  30.  35
    Moral Support Structures in Private Industry -- The Swedish Case.Tomas Brytting - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (7):663-697.
    This study was designed to survey the extent to which private companies in Sweden take structural measures within the field of business ethics: Codes of Ethics; Ethics Committees; Ethics Officers and Ethics Training. This was done in two steps. Through a nation-wide telephone survey, a population of "active" companies were identified. These companies received a questionnaire with detailed questions regarding the design, usage and effects of these measures. The percentage of active companies were found to be a high 46%. National (...)
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  31.  18
    Tomás de Aquino E a Essência Absolutamente Considerada.Marco Aurélio Oliveira da Silva - 2015 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 56 (131):95-105.
    O presente artigo propõe uma interpretação deflacionista para a doutrina da essência absolutamente considerada , apresentada por Tomás de Aquino no opúsculo "De ente et essentia". O norte do trabalho é a análise das expressões reduplicativas que são constantemente utilizadas pelo Doutor Angélico para designar as EAC's. Portanto, pretendo mostrar que a EAC é a consideração dos predicados essenciais, que se predicam das expressões reduplicadas, diferentemente da noção acidental de existência. Por isso, a EAC não existe nem no intelecto nem (...)
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  32.  15
    Post-Transitional Fertility: The Role of Childbearing Postponement in Fuelling the Shift to Low and Unstable Fertility Levels.Tomáš Sobotka - 2017 - Journal of Biosocial Science 49 (S1):S20-S45.
    SummaryThis study discusses fertility trends and variation in countries that completed the transition from high to around-replacement fertility in the 1950s to 1980s, especially in Europe, East Asia and North America, and summarizes the key relevant findings for those countries with a more recent experience of fertility decline towards replacement level. A central finding is that there is no obvious theoretical or empirical threshold around which period fertility tends to stabilize. Period fertility rates usually continue falling once the threshold of (...)
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  33.  46
    Kitsch and Art.Tomáš Kulka - 1996 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    What is kitsch? What is behind its appeal? More important, what is wrong with kitsch? Though central to our modern and postmodern culture, kitsch has not been seriously and comprehensively analyzed; its aesthetic worthlessness has been generally assumed but seldom explained. _Kitsch and Art _seeks to give this phenomenon its due by exploring the basis of artistic evaluation and aesthetic value judgments. Tomas Kulka examines kitsch in the visual arts, literature, music, and architecture. To distinguish kitsch from art, Kulka proposes (...)
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  34.  58
    Mapping Brain Maturation and Cognitive Development During Adolescence.Tomáš Paus - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (2):60-68.
  35. Undefeated Dualism.Tomas Bogardus - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 165 (2):445-466.
    In the standard thought experiments, dualism strikes many philosophers as true, including many non-dualists. This ‘striking’ generates prima facie justification: in the absence of defeaters, we ought to believe that things are as they seem to be, i.e. we ought to be dualists. In this paper, I examine several proposed undercutting defeaters for our dualist intuitions. I argue that each proposal fails, since each rests on a false assumption, or requires empirical evidence that it lacks, or overgenerates defeaters. By the (...)
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  36.  39
    Voluntary Action and Rational Sin in Anselm of Canterbury.Tomas Ekenberg - 2016 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 24 (2):215-230.
    Anselm of Canterbury holds that freedom of the will is a necessary condition for moral responsibility. This condition, however, turns out to be trivially fulfilled by all rational creatures at all times. In order to clarify the necessary conditions for moral responsibility, we must look more widely at his discussion of the nature of the will and of willed action. In this paper, I examine his theory of voluntariness by clarifying his account of the sin of Satan in De casu (...)
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  37.  2
    Economics of Good and Evil: The Quest for Economic Meaning From Gilgamesh to Wall Street.Tomas Sedlacek & Vaclav Havel - 2013 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Tomas Sedlacek has shaken the study of economics as few ever have. Named one of the "Young Guns" and one of the "five hot minds in economics" by the Yale Economic Review, he serves on the National Economic Council in Prague, where his provocative writing has achieved bestseller status. How has he done it? By arguing a simple, almost heretical proposition: economics is ultimately about good and evil.In The Economics of Good and Evil, Sedlacek radically rethinks his field, challenging our (...)
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  38.  27
    The ‘Logic of Gift’: Inspiring Behavior in Organizations Beyond the Limits of Duty and Exchange.Tomás Baviera, William English & Manuel Guillén - 2016 - Business Ethics Quarterly 26 (2):159-180.
    ABSTRACT:Giving without the expectation of reward is difficult to understand in organizational contexts. In opposition to a logic based on self-interest or a sense of duty, a “logic of gift” has been proposed as a way to understand the phenomenon of free, unconditional giving. However, the rationale behind, and effects of, this logic have been under-explored. This paper responds by first clarifying the three logics of action—the logic of exchange, the logic of duty, and the logic of gift—and then explains (...)
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  39.  11
    Spin and Wind Directions II: A Bell State Quantum Model.Tomas Veloz, Sandro Sozzo, Massimiliano Sassoli de Bianchi, Suzette Geriente, Lester Beltran, Jonito Arguëlles & Diederik Aerts - 2018 - Foundations of Science 23 (2):337-365.
    In the first half of this two-part article, we analyzed a cognitive psychology experiment where participants were asked to select pairs of directions that they considered to be the best example of Two Different Wind Directions, and showed that the data violate the CHSH version of Bell’s inequality, with same magnitude as in typical Bell-test experiments in physics. In this second part, we complete our analysis by presenting a symmetrized version of the experiment, still violating the CHSH inequality but now (...)
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  40.  91
    Forgeries and Art Evaluation: An Argument for Dualism in Aesthetics.Tomas Kulka - 2005 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 39 (3):58-70.
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  41. The Artistic and the Aesthetic Value of Art.Tomas Kulka - 1981 - British Journal of Aesthetics 21 (4):336-350.
  42.  78
    Apical Amplification—a Cellular Mechanism of Conscious Perception?Tomas Marvan, Michal Polák, Talis Bachmann & William A. Phillips - 2021 - Neuroscience of Consciousness 7 (2):1-17.
    We present a theoretical view of the cellular foundations for network-level processes involved in producing our conscious experience. Inputs to apical synapses in layer 1 of a large subset of neocortical cells are summed at an integration zone near the top of their apical trunk. These inputs come from diverse sources and provide a context within which the transmission of information abstracted from sensory input to their basal and perisomatic synapses can be amplified when relevant. We argue that apical amplification (...)
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  43.  18
    Feature Biases in Early Word Learning: Network Distinctiveness Predicts Age of Acquisition.Tomas Engelthaler & Thomas T. Hills - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (6):n/a-n/a.
    Do properties of a word's features influence the order of its acquisition in early word learning? Combining the principles of mutual exclusivity and shape bias, the present work takes a network analysis approach to understanding how feature distinctiveness predicts the order of early word learning. Distance networks were built from nouns with edge lengths computed using various distance measures. Feature distinctiveness was computed as a distance measure, showing how far an object in a network is from other objects based on (...)
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  44.  16
    Metaphysics of the Common World: Whitehead, Latour, and the Modes of Existence.Tomas Weber - 2016 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 30 (4):515-533.
    That we exist because we inhabit a world in common, a world composed out of the relations and the impure, incessant mingling of human and nonhuman entities, is self-evident. It is betrayed at each and every step of our experience of existence. Nobody behaves as if it were impossible to form connections with other beings, nobody speaks as if he or she were isolated within a mind, and nobody acts as if reality were divided by a wall separating the realms (...)
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  45.  16
    From Tomas Kulka on Kitsch and Art to Art as a Singular Rule.Doron Avital & Karolina Dolanska - 2019 - Espes 8 (2):17-27.
    Tomas Kulka’s celebrated body of work on aesthetics has its logical groundings among other influences in the work of Karl Popper in the philosophy of science and Nelson Goodman on art and symbolic systems. I will revisit these two anchors to draw the philosophical move Tomas takes in his Kitsch and Art and use it to further a philosophical move of my own aiming at the very logical core of the question of art.
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  46.  31
    Some Problems Concerning Rational Reconstruction: Comments on Elkana and Lakatos.Tomas Kulka - 1977 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 28 (4):325-344.
  47.  97
    Generality and Content-Specificity in the Study of the Neural Correlates of Perceptual Consciousness.Tomas Marvan - 2020 - Philosophy and the Mind Sciences 1 (2).
    The present paper was written as a contribution to ongoing methodological debates within the NCC project. We focus on the neural correlates of conscious perceptual episodes. Our claim is that the NCC notion, as applied to conscious perceptual episodes, needs to be reconceptualized. It mixes together the processing related to the perceived contents and the neural substrate of consciousness proper, i.e. mechanisms making the perceptual contents conscious. We thus propose that the perceptual NCC be divided into two constitutive subnotions. The (...)
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  48.  18
    Mach and Panqualityism.Tomas Hribek - 2019 - In Friedrich Stadler (ed.), Ernst Mach – Life, Work, Influence. Cham: Springer Verlag. pp. 165-176.
    The chapter discusses the rejuvenation of an interest in Mach in the recent metaphysics and philosophy of mind. In the early twentieth century, Mach had been interpreted as a phenomenalist, but phenomenalism fell out of favor in the 1950s. In the later decades, he received praise for his naturalism, but his contributions to metaphysics or philosophy of mind were regarded as misbegotten or irrelevant. With the search for a monistic alternative to both materialism and dualism in the recent philosophy of (...)
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  49.  15
    Hobbes in Kiel, 1938: From Ferdinand Tönnies to Carl Schmitt.Tomaž Mastnak - 2015 - History of European Ideas 41 (7):966-991.
    SummaryThis article sheds light on intellectual politics under Nazism by looking at a crucial shift in the field of Hobbes studies that was marked in a congress celebrating the three hundred and fiftieth anniversary of Thomas Hobbes's birth, organised in Kiel, 1938. Before the congress, the decisive voice in Hobbes studies had for almost fifty years been that of Kiel University professor Ferdinand Tönnies. Tönnies was purged from the university upon the Nazi seizure of power in 1933 and died three (...)
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  50. Putting Foucault to Work: Analytic and Concept in Foucaultian Inquiry.Colin Koopman & Tomas Matza - 2013 - Critical Inquiry 39 (4):817-840.
    The forceful impact of Michel Foucault’s work in the humanities and social sciences is apparent from the sheer abundance of its uses, appropriations, and refigurations. This article calls for greater self-conscious reflexivity about the relationship between our uses of Foucault and the opportunities afforded by his work. We argue for a clearer distinction between analytics and concepts in Foucault-inspired work. In so doing we draw on key moments of methodological self-reflection in Foucault’s Collège de France lectures and elsewhere. This distinction (...)
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