Results for 'Tomas Ka��erauskas'

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  1.  1
    Homero „matomas ir apčiuopiamas žmogus“: ką svarbaus praleido Rorty?Tomas Saulius - 2019 - Logos 100.
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  2.  22
    Tomáš Pospiszyl: Srovnávací studie. [REVIEW]Tomáš Hříbek - 2007 - Estetika 44 (1-4):211-215.
    A review of Tomáš Pospiszyl’s Srovnávací studie.
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  3. Tomáš Marvan (ed.), What Determines Content? The Externalism/Internalism Dispute. [REVIEW]Tomas Hribek - 2010 - Filosoficky Casopis 58:443-446.
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  4. Sobre la Unidad del Intelecto contra los Averroístas, Tomás de Aquino – Tratado acerca del Alma Intelectiva, Siger de Brabante.Tomás de Aquino & Siger de Brabante - 2005 - Pamplona: EUNSA.
    La Universidad de París en la Europa de finales del siglo XIII fue centro de acaloradas discusiones acerca del alma del hombre. La cuestión del alma es el punto doctrinal central y se muestra decisivo porque en la resolución de este único punto puede verse el trasfondo antropológico y metafísico de toda una cosmovisión filosófica e incluso teológica del universo. Una de las más problemáticas cuestiones que se plantearon acerca del alma es el problema de la unidad del intelecto para (...)
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  5. If Naturalism is True, Then Scientific Explanation is Impossible.Tomas Bogardus - forthcoming - Religious Studies:1-24.
    I begin by retracing an argument from Aristotle for final causes in science. Then, I advance this ancient thought, and defend an argument for a stronger conclusion: that no scientific explanation can succeed, if Naturalism is true. The argument goes like this: (1) Any scientific explanation can be successful only if it crucially involves a natural regularity. Next, I argue that (2) any explanation can be successful only if it crucially involves no element that calls out for explanation but lacks (...)
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  6. Claire Katz & Lara Trout (Ed.), Emmanuel Levinas. Critical Assessments of Leading Philosophers (Tomás Tatranský).Tomáš Tatranský, Sophie Loidolt, Eric Sean Nelson, Lawrence Petch, Rolf Kühn, Yves Mayzaud, Denisa Butnaru, Andreea Parapuf & Jassen Andreev - 2006 - Studia Phaenomenologica 6 (1):453-487.
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  7. Oposición y contradicción en Aristóteles y Tomás de Aquino.Tomás Lorenzo Melendo Granados - 1981 - Anuario Filosófico 14 (1):63-100.
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  8.  32
    Representation and Extension of States on MV-Algebras.TomአKroupa - 2006 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 45 (4):381-392.
    MV-algebras stand for the many-valued Łukasiewicz logic the same as Boolean algebras for the classical logic. States on MV-algebras were first mentioned [20] in probability theory and later also introduced in effort to capture a notion of `an average truth-value of proposition' [15] in Łukasiewicz many-valued logic. In the presented paper, an integral representation theorem for finitely-additive states on semisimple MV-algebra will be proven. Further, we shall prove extension theorems concerning states defined on sub-MV-algebras and normal partitions of unity generalizing (...)
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  9.  4
    Človĕk jako živočich rozumový a vtĕlený Duch tomáš akvinský a současná tomistická perspektiva.Tomáš Machula - 2011 - Filozofia 66 (1).
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  10. Knowledge is Believing Something Because It's True.Tomas Bogardus & Will Perrin - 2022 - Episteme 19 (2):178-196.
    Modalists think that knowledge requires forming your belief in a “modally stable” way: using a method that wouldn't easily go wrong, or using a method that wouldn't have given you this belief had it been false. Recent Modalist projects from Justin Clarke-Doane and Dan Baras defend a principle they call “Modal Security,” roughly: if evidence undermines your belief, then it must give you a reason to doubt the safety or sensitivity of your belief. Another recent Modalist project from Carlotta Pavese (...)
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  11.  2
    Economics of Good and Evil: The Quest for Economic Meaning From Gilgamesh to Wall Street.Tomas Sedlacek & Vaclav Havel - 2013 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Tomas Sedlacek has shaken the study of economics as few ever have. Named one of the "Young Guns" and one of the "five hot minds in economics" by the Yale Economic Review, he serves on the National Economic Council in Prague, where his provocative writing has achieved bestseller status. How has he done it? By arguing a simple, almost heretical proposition: economics is ultimately about good and evil.In The Economics of Good and Evil, Sedlacek radically rethinks his field, challenging (...)
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  12. Only All Naturalists Should Worry About Only One Evolutionary Debunking Argument.Tomas Bogardus - 2016 - Ethics 126 (3):636-661.
    Do the facts of evolution generate an epistemic challenge to moral realism? Some think so, and many “evolutionary debunking arguments” have been discussed in the recent literature. But they are all murky right where it counts most: exactly which epistemic principle is meant to take us from evolutionary considerations to the skeptical conclusion? Here, I will identify several distinct species of evolutionary debunking argument in the literature, each one of which relies on a distinct epistemic principle. Drawing on recent work (...)
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  13. Knowledge Under Threat.Tomas Bogardus - 2014 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 88 (2):289-313.
    Many contemporary epistemologists hold that a subject S’s true belief that p counts as knowledge only if S’s belief that p is also, in some important sense, safe. I describe accounts of this safety condition from John Hawthorne, Duncan Pritchard, and Ernest Sosa. There have been three counterexamples to safety proposed in the recent literature, from Comesaña, Neta and Rohrbaugh, and Kelp. I explain why all three proposals fail: each moves fallaciously from the fact that S was at epistemic risk (...)
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  14. Essays in the Philosophy of Science. Edited with an Introd. By Vincent Tomas.Charles S. Peirce & Vincent Tomas - 1957 - Liberal Arts Press.
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  15.  5
    Relational Syllogisms with Numerical Quantifiers and Beyond.Ka-fat Chow - 2022 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 31 (1):1-34.
    In the first half of this paper, we present a fragment of relational syllogisms named RELSYLL consisting of quantified statements with a special set of numerical quantifiers, and introduce a number of concepts that are useful for the later sections, including indirect reduction, quantifier transformations and equivalence of syllogisms. After determining the valid and invalid syllogisms in RELSYLL, we then introduce two Derivation Methods which can be used to derive valid relational syllogisms based on known valid simple syllogisms. We also (...)
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  16. Some Internal Problems with Revisionary Gender Concepts.Tomas Bogardus - 2020 - Philosophia 48 (1):55-75.
    Feminism has long grappled with its own demarcation problem—exactly what is it to be a woman?—and the rise of trans-inclusive feminism has made this problem more urgent. I will first consider Sally Haslanger’s “social and hierarchical” account of woman, resulting from “Ameliorative Inquiry”: she balances ordinary use of the term against the instrumental value of novel definitions in advancing the cause of feminism. Then, I will turn to Katharine Jenkins’ charge that Haslanger’s view suffers from an “Inclusion Problem”: it fails (...)
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  17. Yes, Safety is in Danger.Tomas Bogardus & Chad Marxen - 2014 - Philosophia 42 (2):321-334.
    In an essay recently published in this journal (“Is Safety in Danger?”), Fernando Broncano-Berrocal defends the safety condition on knowledge from a counterexample proposed by Tomas Bogardus (Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 2012). In this paper, we will define the safety condition, briefly explain the proposed counterexample, and outline Broncano-Berrocal’s defense of the safety condition. We will then raise four objections to Broncano-Berrocal’s defense, four implausible implications of his central claim. In the end, we conclude that Broncano-Berrocal’s defense of the (...)
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  18. Evaluating Arguments for the Sex/Gender Distinction.Tomas Bogardus - 2020 - Philosophia 48 (3):873-892.
    Many philosophers believe that our ordinary English words man and woman are “gender terms,” and gender is distinct from biological sex. That is, they believe womanhood and manhood are not defined even partly by biological sex. This sex/gender distinction is one of the most influential ideas of the twentieth century on the broader culture, both popular and academic. Less well known are the reasons to think it’s true. My interest in this paper is to show that, upon investigation, the arguments (...)
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  19.  4
    From Tomas Kulka on Kitsch and Art to Art as a Singular Rule.Doron Avital & Karolína Dolanská - 2020 - Espes. The Slovak Journal of Aesthetics 8 (2):17-27.
    The article takes as its starting point the work of Tomas Kulka on Kitsch and Art to further a philosophical move aiming at the very logical core of the question of art. In conclusion, the idea of Singular Rule is offered as capturing the defining logic of art. In so doing, the logical structure of a singular rule is uncovered and in that also the sense in which the idea of singular rule both explains and justifies the role that (...)
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  20.  4
    Feedback and Cybernetics: Reimaging the Body in the Age of the Cyborg.David Tomas - 1995 - Body and Society 1 (3-4):21-43.
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  21. Jaké to je, nebo o čem to je? Místo vědomí v materiálním světě.Tomas Hribek - 2017 - Praha, Česko: Filosofia.
    [What It’s Like, or What It’s About? The Place of Consciousness in the Material World] Summary: The book is both a survey of the contemporary debate and a defense of a distinctive position. Most philosophers nowadays assume that the focus of the philosophy of consciousness, its shared explanandum, is a certain property of experience variously called “phenomenal character,” “qualitative character,” “qualia” or “phenomenology,” understood in terms of what it is like to undergo the experience in question. Consciousness as defined in (...)
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  22.  15
    Heidegger’s Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW]Stephan Käufer - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (4):626-629.
    Trish Glazebrook has written an interesting book, and philosophers who care for Heidegger’s writing will do well to read it. The book is fertile and suggestive; it spans a large number of Heidegger’s writings, famous and obscure, and it presents Heidegger’s thinking on science from the same important variety of perspectives that Heidegger himself deems necessary to all philosophizing: science as a thought-system in need of theoretical grounding; science as a practice that involves an existential commitment by the practitioner; science (...)
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  23.  12
    Inner Experience in the Scanner: Can High Fidelity Apprehensions of Inner Experience Be Integrated with fMRI?Simone Kühn, Charles Fernyhough, Benjamin Alderson-Day & Russell T. Hurlburt - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  24.  20
    Tomás de Aquino y el concepto tradicional de la verdad, según Ser y tiempo, §44.Jaime Araos San Martín - 2019 - Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 36 (2):477-493.
    El objetivo de este estudio es examinar hasta qué punto es válido incluir el pensamiento de Tomás de Aquino, junto al de Aristóteles y Kant, en la estructura filosófica que Heidegger llama, en Ser y tiempo § 44, “concepto tradicional de la verdad”. Partiendo de la definición de la verdad como adecuación del intelecto y la cosa, se somete a discusión la equivalencia entre el concepto aristotélico de ὁμοίωσις, el tomista de adaequatio y el kantiano de Übereinstimmung. Para ello se (...)
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  25.  11
    A Review of Possible Effects of Cognitive Biases on Interpretation of Rule-Based Machine Learning Models. [REVIEW]Tomáš Kliegr, Štěpán Bahník & Johannes Fürnkranz - 2021 - Artificial Intelligence 295:103458.
  26. The Moral Point of View: A Rational Basis of Ethics.Vincent Tomas - 1958 - Philosophical Review 69 (4):548-553.
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  27. The Epistemology of Disagreement: New Essays By David Christensen and Jennifer Lackey.Tomas Bogardus & Anna Brinkerhoff - 2015 - Analysis 75 (2):339-342.
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  28.  14
    Meta-Analytic Evidence of Low Convergence Between Implicit and Explicit Measures of the Needs for Achievement, Affiliation, and Power.Martin G. Kã¶Llner & Oliver C. Schultheiss - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  29.  58
    Metafyzika antiindividualismu.Tomas Hribek - 2008 - Praha, Česko: Filosofia.
    [The Metaphysics of Anti-Individualism] A detailed exploration of the implications of psychological externalism -- in particular Tyler Burge's variety, or what he calls "anti-individualism" -- for the mind-body problem. Based on his anti-individualism, Burge famously rejected materialism, but the ramifications of this argument were not properly examined. I show how he rejects the identity, supervenience, and realization forms of materialism, but that he leaves out the possibility of constitution. In fact, this is not the only option that he admits -- (...)
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  30. Empirismus, naturalismus a ideje.Tomas Hribek - 2017 - Filosoficky Casopis 2 (65):297-315.
    [Empiricism, Naturalism, and Ideas] The author analyses the modern reception of key themes in Hume’s philosophy during the past century. The first part presents Hume’s version of three such themes – empi­ricism, naturalism and the theory of ideas. The following three parts give an exposition of modern forms of each of these themes, with the choice of modern reception being directed to those contemporary authors who not only developed Hume’s motifs in the most original way, but who also explicitly traced (...)
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  31.  2
    Contra la muerte. Elias Canetti, la política más allá del presente vivo.Tomás Speziale - 2022 - Araucaria 24 (49).
    This article examines the link between death and politics in the work of Elias Canetti. We will study this relation starting from the search for the political problem of universality in Canetti, in orden to show how death appears in his texts as that that simultaneously habilitates and makes impossible the search for the universal. The unfolding of this aporia unveils, at the same time, the primacy of a certain bond between politics and temporality, insofar if politics supposes the tie (...)
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  32.  75
    The Death Penalty, in Other Words, Philosophy.Kas Saghafi - 2012 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 50 (s1):136-142.
    In response to Thomas Dutoit's ambitious summary of the two years of Derrida's Death Penalty Seminars, I take up the following themes: the deconstruction of death, Hugo's “advance,” and “the principle of substitution” in Freud.
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  33.  2
    TOMÁS CÁMARA, Dulcinea (comp.): Covidosofía. Reflexiones filosóficas para el mundo pospandemia, Paidós, Barcelona, 2020, 502p. [REVIEW]Miguel Ángel Martínez Quintanar - 2022 - Agora 41 (2).
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  34. The Problem of Contingency for Religious Belief.Tomas Bogardus - 2013 - Faith and Philosophy 30 (4):371-392.
    In this paper, I hope to solve a problem that’s as old as the hills: the problem of contingency for religious belief. Paradigmatic examples of this argument begin with a counterfactual premise: had we been born at a different time or in a difference place, we easily could have held different beliefs on religious topics. Ultimately, and perhaps by additional steps, we’re meant to reach the skeptical conclusion that very many of our religious beliefs do not amount to knowledge. I (...)
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  35. Invitation to Virtue Epistemologists.Ka Ya Lee - 2018 - Philosophy of Education 74:351-366.
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  36. On Translating Ser Mais in Freire’s Pedagogy of the Oppressed.Tomas Rocha - 2018 - Philosophy of Education 74:385-390.
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  37.  36
    The Realism of Taxonomic Pluralism.Ka Ho Lam - 2020 - Metaphysics 3 (1):1-16.
    In this paper, I present a critique of taxonomic pluralism, namely the view that there are multiple correct ways to classify entities into natural kinds within a given scientific domain. I argue that taxonomic pluralism, as an anti-essentialist position, fails to provide a realist alternative to taxonomic monism, i.e., the view that there is only one correct way to classify entities into natural kinds within a given scientific domain. To establish my argument, I first explain why the naturalist approach to (...)
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  38. Disagreeing with the (Religious) Skeptic.Tomas Bogardus - 2013 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 74 (1):5-17.
    Some philosophers believe that, when epistemic peers disagree, each has an obligation to accord the other’s assessment equal weight as her own. Other philosophers worry that this Equal-Weight View is vulnerable to straightforward counterexamples, and that it requires an unacceptable degree of spinelessness with respect to our most treasured philosophical, political, and religious beliefs. I think that both of these allegations are false. To show this, I carefully state the Equal-Weight View, motivate it, describe apparent counterexamples to it, and then (...)
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  39. Undefeated Dualism.Tomas Bogardus - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 165 (2):445-466.
    In the standard thought experiments, dualism strikes many philosophers as true, including many non-dualists. This ‘striking’ generates prima facie justification: in the absence of defeaters, we ought to believe that things are as they seem to be, i.e. we ought to be dualists. In this paper, I examine several proposed undercutting defeaters for our dualist intuitions. I argue that each proposal fails, since each rests on a false assumption, or requires empirical evidence that it lacks, or overgenerates defeaters. By the (...)
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  40.  13
    The Benefits of Looking at Intraindividual Dynamics in Cognitive Training Data.Tanja Könen & Julia Karbach - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  41. Thierry de Duve, Kant after Duchamp. [REVIEW]Tomas Hribek - 1999 - Umění/Art 47:238-241.
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  42.  20
    How Choice Ecology Influences Search in Decisions From Experience.Tomás Lejarraga, Ralph Hertwig & Cleotilde Gonzalez - 2012 - Cognition 124 (3):334-342.
  43.  13
    On the Conceptuality Interpretation of Quantum and Relativity Theories.Tomas Veloz, Sandro Sozzo, Massimiliano Sassoli de Bianchi & Diederik Aerts - 2020 - Foundations of Science 25 (1):5-54.
    How can we explain the strange behavior of quantum and relativistic entities? Why do they behave in ways that defy our intuition about how physical entities should behave, considering our ordinary experience of the world around us? In this article, we address these questions by showing that the comportment of quantum and relativistic entities is not that strange after all, if we only consider what their nature might possibly be: not an objectual one, but a conceptual one. This not in (...)
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  44.  15
    Failure of chatbot Tay was evil, ugliness and uselessness in its nature or do we judge it through cognitive shortcuts and biases?Tomáš Zemčík - 2021 - AI and Society 36 (1):361-367.
    This study deals with the failure of one of the most advanced chatbots called Tay, created by Microsoft. Many users, commentators and experts strongly anthropomorphised this chatbot in their assessment of the case around Tay. This view is so widespread that we can identify it as a certain typical cognitive distortion or bias. This study presents a summary of facts concerning the Tay case, collaborative perspectives from eminent experts: Tay did not mean anything by its morally objectionable statements because, in (...)
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  45. The World of Language and the World Beyond Language (A Festschrift for Pavel Cmorej).Tomas Marvan & M. Zouhar (eds.) - 2007
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  46.  65
    “A Certain Spirit of a Certain Marx”: Blanchot’s Revolutionary Return in Specters Of Marx.Kas Saghafi - 2011 - Philosophy Today 55 (Supplement):183-191.
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  47. Application of Different Types of Employment Contracts in Lithuania – Related Heoretical and Practical Problems.Tomas Bagdanskis & Rasa Macijauskienė - 2012 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 19 (1):249-267.
    The article discusses theoretical and practical issues one may face when applying various types of employment contracts, refers to specific legal relations governed by Labour Code standards, and raises issues that would help to solve the existing troubles. Last decades as globalization processes were gaining pace, and market economy conditions changed, labour and production organization models were undergoing transformation. The more complex people’s social relationships are, the greater is the need to regulate these relationships, i. e. to adopt legislation that (...)
     
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  48.  14
    Economics of Good and Evil: The Quest for Economic Meaning From Gilgamesh to Wall Street.Tomas Sedlacek - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Argues that economics is a cultural phenomenon, rather than a strictly mathematical entity, that is found in mythology, religion, philosophy, psychology, ...
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  49.  21
    Kas and hemusut in Greco-Roman egypt - ventker garanten der herrschaft. Die prozessionen der Kas und hemusut in den tempeln der griechisch-römischen zeit. Soubassementstudien VI. pp. X + 380, ills, pls. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2018. Cased, €98. Isbn: 978-3-447-10883-6. [REVIEW]Stefan Bojowald - 2018 - The Classical Review 68 (2):548-550.
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  50. La noción Del esse en Los primeros escritos de santo Tomás de aquino.Escritos de Santo Tomás de Aquino - 1996 - Sapientia 199:59.
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