Results for 'Tomer Lotan'

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Tomer Lotan
London School of Economics
  1.  18
    Mind Games: Game Engines as an Architecture for Intuitive Physics.Tomer D. Ullman, Elizabeth Spelke, Peter Battaglia & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (9):649-665.
  2.  67
    Building Machines That Learn and Think Like People.Brenden M. Lake, Tomer D. Ullman, Joshua B. Tenenbaum & Samuel J. Gershman - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
    Recent progress in artificial intelligence has renewed interest in building systems that learn and think like people. Many advances have come from using deep neural networks trained end-to-end in tasks such as object recognition, video games, and board games, achieving performance that equals or even beats that of humans in some respects. Despite their biological inspiration and performance achievements, these systems differ from human intelligence in crucial ways. We review progress in cognitive science suggesting that truly human-like learning and thinking (...)
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  3. In the Interest of Saving Time: A Critique of Discrete Perception.Tomer Fekete, Sander Van de Cruys, Vebjørn Ekroll & Cees van Leeuwen - 2018 - Neuroscience of Consciousness 2018 (1):1-8.
    A recently proposed model of sensory processing suggests that perceptual experience is updated in discrete steps. We show that the data advanced to support discrete perception are in fact compatible with a continuous account of perception. Physiological and psychophysical constraints, moreover, as well as our awake-primate imaging data, imply that human neuronal networks cannot support discrete updates of perceptual content at the maximal update rates consistent with phenomenology. A more comprehensive approach to understanding the physiology of perception (and experience at (...)
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  4. System, Subsystem, Hive: Boundary Problems in Computational Theories of Consciousness.Tomer Fekete, Cees van Leeuwen & Shimon Edelman - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
    A computational theory of consciousness should include a quantitative measure of consciousness, or MoC, that (i) would reveal to what extent a given system is conscious, (ii) would make it possible to compare not only different systems, but also the same system at different times, and (iii) would be graded, because so is consciousness. However, unless its design is properly constrained, such an MoC gives rise to what we call the boundary problem: an MoC that labels a system as conscious (...)
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  5.  72
    Towards a Computational Theory of Experience.Tomer Fekete & Shimon Edelman - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):807-827.
    A standing challenge for the science of mind is to account for the datum that every mind faces in the most immediate – that is, unmediated – fashion: its phenomenal experience. The complementary tasks of explaining what it means for a system to give rise to experience and what constitutes the content of experience (qualia) in computational terms are particularly challenging, given the multiple realizability of computation. In this paper, we identify a set of conditions that a computational theory must (...)
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  6.  22
    Dynamical Emergence Theory (DET): A Computational Account of Phenomenal Consciousness.Roy Moyal, Tomer Fekete & Shimon Edelman - 2020 - Minds and Machines 30 (1):1-21.
    Scientific theories of consciousness identify its contents with the spatiotemporal structure of neural population activity. We follow up on this approach by stating and motivating Dynamical Emergence Theory, which defines the amount and structure of experience in terms of the intrinsic topology and geometry of a physical system’s collective dynamics. Specifically, we posit that distinct perceptual states correspond to coarse-grained macrostates reflecting an optimal partitioning of the system’s state space—a notion that aligns with several ideas and results from computational neuroscience (...)
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  7.  3
    Automated Reasoning in Normative Detachment Structures with Ideal Conditions.Tomer Libal & Matteo Pascucci - 2019 - In ICAIL 2019: International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law. ACM. pp. 63-72.
    In this article we introduce a logical structure for normative reasoning, called Normative Detachment Structure with Ideal Conditions, that can be used to represent the content of certain legal texts in a normalized way. The structure exploits the deductive properties of a system of bimodal logic able to distinguish between ideal and actual normative statements, as well as a novel formalization of conditional normative statements able to capture interesting cases of contrary-to-duty reasoning and to avoid deontic paradoxes. Furthermore, we illustrate (...)
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  8. Representational Systems.Tomer Fekete - 2010 - Minds and Machines 20 (1):69-101.
    The concept of representation has been a key element in the scientific study of mental processes, ever since such studies commenced. However, usage of the term has been all but too liberal—if one were to adhere to common use it remains unclear if there are examples of physical systems which cannot be construed in terms of representation. The problem is considered afresh, taking as the starting point the notion of activity spaces—spaces of spatiotemporal events produced by dynamical systems. It is (...)
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  9.  24
    ÇOMÜ TÖMER' de Türkçe Öğrenen Yabancı Öğrencilerin Motivasyon Kaynakları Ve Sorunları.Fatih Yilmaz - 2014 - Journal of Turkish Studies 9 (Volume 9 Issue 6):1181-1181.
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  10.  36
    The (Lack of) Mental Life of Some Machines.Tomer Fekete & Shimon Edelman - 2012 - In Shimon Edelman, Tomer Fekete & Neta Zach (eds.), Being in Time: Dynamical Models of Phenomenal Experience. John Benjamins.. pp. 88--95.
    The proponents of machine consciousness predicate the mental life of a machine, if any, exclusively on its formal, organizational structure, rather than on its physical composition. Given that matter is organized on a range of levels in time and space, this generic stance must be further constrained by a principled choice of levels on which the posited structure is supposed to reside. Indeed, not only must the formal structure fit well the physical system that realizes it, but it must do (...)
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  11.  1
    The Scientist of the Scientist.Tomer Simon - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-2.
  12.  13
    Gazi TÖMER Yabancılar İçin Türkçe Öğretim Setindeki Metinlerin Kelime-Cümle Uzun.Kemal Zeki Zorbaz - 2016 - Journal of Turkish Studies 11 (Volume 11 Issue 3):2509-2509.
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  13.  17
    No ECSIT-Stential Evidence for a Link with Alzheimer's Disease Yet.Tomer Illouz & Eitan Okun - 2015 - Bioessays 37 (1):5-5.
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  14.  7
    Moral Dynamics: Grounding Moral Judgment in Intuitive Physics and Intuitive Psychology.Felix A. Sosa, Tomer Ullman, Joshua B. Tenenbaum, Samuel J. Gershman & Tobias Gerstenberg - 2021 - Cognition 217:104890.
  15.  2
    Grounding bodily sense of ownership.Guy Lotan - forthcoming - Philosophia:1-10.
    The experience of one’s body as one’s own is normally referred to as one’s “bodily sense of ownership”. Despite its centrality and importance in our lives, BSO is highly elusive and complex. Different psychopathologies demonstrate that a BSO is unnecessary and that it is possible to develop a limited BSO that extends beyond the borders of one’s biological body. Therefore, it is worth asking: what grounds one’s BSO? The purpose of this paper is to sketch a preliminary answer to the (...)
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  16.  9
    EEG-Based Prediction of Cognitive Load in Intelligence Tests.Nir Friedman, Tomer Fekete, Kobi Gal & Oren Shriki - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  17.  10
    Lucky or Clever? From Expectations to Responsibility Judgments.Tobias Gerstenberg, Tomer D. Ullman, Jonas Nagel, Max Kleiman-Weiner, David A. Lagnado & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2018 - Cognition 177:122-141.
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  18.  3
    Kierkegaard’s Secret Politics of Anguish and Love.Tomer Raudanski - 2019 - Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook 24 (1):165-192.
    This paper explores Kierkegaard’s method of irony and his distinct conception of temporality through the philosophy of Emmanuel Levinas. It suggests that Kierkegaard makes an ironic use of the term ‘sacrifice.’ Rather than asking us to abandon all human preferential relationships in favor of an abstract love to an anonymous neighbor, it advances the view that Kierkegaard’s prime objective is therapeutic. Kierkegaard seeks to disabuse us of the idea that we can fully possess faith, or indeed, anything meaningful whatsoever, such (...)
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  19.  6
    Learning a Theory of Causality.Noah D. Goodman, Tomer D. Ullman & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (1):110-119.
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  20.  7
    Democratic Inclusion Beyond Borders: Introduction.Tomer J. Perry - 2018 - Global Justice : Theory Practice Rhetoric 10 (2).
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  21. Tomer Devorah.Moses ben Jacob Cordovero - 2004 - Mosheh Daṿid Yeḥezḳel LandaʼU..
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  22.  3
    Heroes of Our Own Story: Self-Image and Rationalizing in Thought Experiments.Tomer David Ullman - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43.
    Cushman's rationalization account can be extended to cover another part of his portrayal of representational exchange: thought experiments that lead to conclusions about the self. While Cushman's argument is compelling, a full account of rationalization as adaptive will need to account for the divergence in rationalizing one's actions compared to the actions of others.
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  23.  9
    Transformative Decisions and Their Discontents.John P. McCoy & Tomer Ullman - 2019 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 10 (3):339-345.
    : In this commentary we engage with Paul’s Transformative Experience as it relates to decision making. We consider why deciding whether to undergo a transformative experiences can feel so agonizing yet also be so fun, whether people have any preferences to decide over in the first place, and who people even think they are. Keywords: Transformative Experience; Big Decisions; Preference Construction; Theory of Self; Mental Effort Decisioni trasformative e relative insoddisfazioni Riassunto: In questo commento ci concentreremo su come il volume (...)
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  24. Social Responsibility in the Human Firm: Towards a New Theory of the Firm's External Relationships.John F. Tomer - 1994 - In Alan Lewis & Karl Erik Wärneryd (eds.), Ethics and Economic Affairs. Routledge. pp. 125.
     
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  25.  4
    Democratic Inclusion Beyond Borders: Introduction.Tomer J. Perry - 2017 - Global Justice: Theory Practice Rhetoric 10 (2).
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  26.  8
    Economics' Wisdom Deficit and How to Reduce It.John F. Tomer - 2020 - Economic Thought 9 (2):24.
    As is well understood, the values inherent in the dominant neoclassical economic paradigm are self- interest and optimisation. These are the values that guide individuals and policymakers in advanced capitalist economies in their economic decision making. As a consequence, the economics discipline, arguably, is insufficiently oriented to helping people and organisations make wise choices, choices about what is really and truly in people's best interests. In other words, there is strong reason to believe that economics has a wisdom deficit. This (...)
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  27.  1
    Existential and Spiritual Issues in Death Attitudes.Adrian Tomer, Grafton Eliason & Paul T. P. Wong (eds.) - 2007 - Psychology Press.
    _Existential and Spiritual Issues in Death Attitudes_ provides: an in-depth examination of death attitudes, existentialism, and spirituality and their relationships; a review of the major theoretical models; clinical applications of these models to issues such as infertility, bereavement, anxiety, and suicide; and an introduction to meaning management theory and how it can be applied to grief counseling. In this new volume, death is treated both as a threat to meaning and as an opportunity to create meaning. The first section introduces (...)
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  28.  6
    Sticking to the Evidence? A Behavioral and Computational Case Study of Micro‐Theory Change in the Domain of Magnetism.Elizabeth Bonawitz, Tomer D. Ullman, Sophie Bridgers, Alison Gopnik & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2019 - Cognitive Science 43 (8).
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  29.  22
    Thucydides as a Prospect Theorist.Josiah Ober & Tomer J. Perry - 2014 - Polis 31 (2):206-232.
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  30. Sefer Tomer Devorah.Moses ben Jacob Cordovero - 2009 - Mekhon Daʻat Yosef.
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  31. Sefer Tomer Devorah: Ṿe-Hu Maʼamar Nikhbad.Moses ben Jacob Cordovero - 2004 - Dov Ha-Kohen Finḳ.
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  32. Sefer Tomer Devorah: Ṿe-Hu Maʼamar Nikhbad, Ḳadosh Ṿe-Neḥmad ..Moses ben Jacob Cordovero - 2009 - Mishp. Gavra.
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  33. Sefer Tomer Devorah: ʻim Beʼur Haḳdamot U-Sheʻarim: Li-Fetoaḥ Shaʼar Be-Divre Ha-Tomer Devorah ʻa.Pi Rabotenu Ha-Rishonim Ṿeha-Aḥaronim, Zal. [REVIEW]Moses ben Jacob Cordovero - 2013 - Ben Tsiyon Epshṭain.
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  34.  3
    A Bimodal Simulation of Defeasibility in the Normative Domain.Tomer Libal, Matteo Pascucci, Leendert van der Torre & Dov Gabbay - 2020 - In Proceedings of FCR-2020. CEUR Workshop Proceedings. pp. 41-54.
    In the present work we illustrate how two sorts of defeasible reasoning that are fundamental in the normative domain, that is, reasoning about exceptions and reasoning about violations, can be simulated via monotonic propositional theories based on a bimodal language with primitive operators representing knowledge and obligation. The proposed theoretical framework paves the way to using native theorem provers for multimodal logic, such as MleanCoP, in order to automate normative reasoning.
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  35.  22
    Core Knowledge of Geometry Can Develop Independently of Visual Experience.Benedetta Heimler, Tomer Behor, Stanislas Dehaene, Véronique Izard & Amir Amedi - 2021 - Cognition 212:104716.
    Geometrical intuitions spontaneously drive visuo-spatial reasoning in human adults, children and animals. Is their emergence intrinsically linked to visual experience, or does it reflect a core property of cognition shared across sensory modalities? To address this question, we tested the sensitivity of blind-from-birth adults to geometrical-invariants using a haptic deviant-figure detection task. Blind participants spontaneously used many geometric concepts such as parallelism, right angles and geometrical shapes to detect intruders in haptic displays, but experienced difficulties with symmetry and complex spatial (...)
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  36.  1
    Complex-Valued Classical Behavior from the Correspondence Limit of Quantum Mechanics with Two Boundary Conditions.Yakir Aharonov & Tomer Shushi - 2022 - Foundations of Physics 52 (3):1-7.
    The two-state-vector formalism presents a time-symmetric approach to the standard quantum mechanics, with particular importance in the description of experiments having pre- and post-selected ensembles. In this paper, using the correspondence limit of the quantum harmonic oscillator in the two-state-vector formalism, we produce harmonic oscillators that possess a classical behavior while having a complex-valued position and momentum. This allows us to discover novel effects that cannot be achieved otherwise. The proposed classical behavior does not describe the classical physics in the (...)
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  37.  79
    Being in Time: Dynamical Models of Phenomenal Experience.Shimon Edelman, Tomer Fekete & Neta Zach (eds.) - 2012 - John Benjamins.
    The chapters comprising this book represent a collective attempt on the part of their authors to redress this aberration.
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  38.  15
    The Body Speaks: Using the Mirror Game to Link Attachment and Non-Verbal Behavior.Rinat Feniger-Schaal, Yuval Hart, Nava Lotan, Nina Koren-Karie & Lior Noy - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  39.  37
    Being in Time.Shimon Edelman & Tomer Fekete - 2012 - In Shimon Edelman, Tomer Fekete & Neta Zach (eds.), Being in Time: Dynamical Models of Phenomenal Experience. John Benjamins. pp. 88--81.
  40.  2
    What Could Go Wrong: Adults and Children Calibrate Predictions and Explanations of Others' Actions Based on Relative Reward and Danger.Nensi N. Gjata, Tomer D. Ullman, Elizabeth S. Spelke & Shari Liu - 2022 - Cognitive Science 46 (7):e13163.
    Cognitive Science, Volume 46, Issue 7, July 2022.
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  41.  25
    Ingredients of Intelligence: From Classic Debates to an Engineering Roadmap.Brenden M. Lake, Tomer D. Ullman, Joshua B. Tenenbaum & Samuel J. Gershman - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  42.  3
    Plans or Outcomes: How Do We Attribute Intelligence to Others?Marta Kryven, Tomer D. Ullman, William Cowan & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (9):e13041.
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  43. Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry.Marguerite Lederberg & Tomer Levin - 2008 - In Sidney Bloch & Stephen A. Green (eds.), Psychiatric Ethics. Oxford University Press.
     
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  44. Impact of a Remotely Supervised Motor Rehabilitation Program on Maternal Well-Being During the COVID-19 Italian Lockdown.Moti Zwilling, Alberto Romano, Martina Favetta, Elena Ippolito & Meir Lotan - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    COVID-19 Lockdown was particularly challenging for most mothers of people with intellectual disabilities, including those with Rett syndrome, leading to feelings of abandonment from healthcare services of their children. Within those days, telerehabilitation has represented a valid alternative to support physical activity and treatment, supporting parents in structuring their children’s daily routine at home. This article aims to describe the well-being level of two groups of mothers of girls and women with RTT who were involved in a home-based remotely supervised (...)
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  45.  12
    Women in a Medieval Heretical Sect: Agnes and Huguette the WaldensiansShulamith Shahar Yael Lotan.Beverly Kienzle - 2003 - Speculum 78 (1):261-262.
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  46.  8
    Effects of Arousal on Cognitive Control: Empirical Tests of the Conflict-Modulated Hebbian-Learning Hypothesis.Stephen B. R. E. Brown, Henk van Steenbergen, Tomer Kedar & Sander Nieuwenhuis - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  47.  1
    The Future of Collaborative Human-Artificial Intelligence Decision-Making for Mission Planning.Sue E. Kase, Chou P. Hung, Tomer Krayzman, James Z. Hare, B. Christopher Rinderspacher & Simon M. Su - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    In an increasingly complex military operating environment, next generation wargaming platforms can reduce risk, decrease operating costs, and improve overall outcomes. Novel Artificial Intelligence enabled wargaming approaches, based on software platforms with multimodal interaction and visualization capacity, are essential to provide the decision-making flexibility and adaptability required to meet current and emerging realities of warfighting. We highlight three areas of development for future warfighter-machine interfaces: AI-directed decisional guidance, computationally informed decision-making, and realistic representations of decision spaces. Progress in these areas (...)
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  48. Trail Pheromone Does Not Modulate Subjective Reward Evaluation in Lasius Niger Ants.Felix B. Oberhauser, Stephanie Wendt & Tomer J. Czaczkes - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  49.  1
    Interacting with Others While Reacting to the Environment.Ilan Fischer, Simon A. Levin, Daniel I. Rubenstein, Shacked Avrashi, Lior Givon & Tomer Oz - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45.
    Here, we revise Pietraszewski's model of groups by assigning participant pairs with two triplets, denoting: the type of game that models the interaction, its critical switching point between alternatives, and the perception of strategic similarity with the opponent. These triplets provide a set of primitives that accounts for individuals' strategic motivations and observed behaviors.
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  50.  2
    Interaction of Temporal Lobe Epilepsy and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Network Analysis of a Single Case.Iftah Biran, Roee Admon, Tomer Gazit & Firas Fahoum - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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