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  1.  26
    Theoretical Considerations on Cognitive Niche Construction.Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani - 2017 - Synthese 194 (12):4757-4779.
    Cognitive niche theories consist in a theoretical framework that is proving extremely profitable in bridging evolutionary biology, philosophy, cognitive science, and anthropology by offering an inter-disciplinary ground, laden with novel approaches and debates. At the same time, cognitive niche theories are multiple, and differently related to niche theories in theoretical and evolutionary biology. The aim of this paper is to clarify the theoretical and epistemological relationships between cognitive and ecological niche theories. Also, by adopting a constructionist approach we will try (...)
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  2.  57
    An Epistemological Analysis of Gossip and Gossip-Based Knowledge.Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani - 2014 - Synthese 191 (17):4037-4067.
    Gossip has been the object of a number of different studies in the past 50 years, rehabilitating it not only as something worth being studied, but also as a pivotal informational and social structure of human cognition: Dunbar (Rev Gen Psychol 8(2):100–110, 2004) interestingly linked the emergence of language to nothing less than its ability to afford gossip. Different facets of gossip were analyzed by anthropologists, linguists, psychologists and philosophers, but few attempts were made to frame gossip within an epistemological (...)
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  3.  62
    A Philosophical and Evolutionary Approach to Cyber-Bullying: Social Networks and the Disruption of Sub-Moralities.Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani - 2013 - Ethics and Information Technology 15 (4):285-299.
    Cyber-bullying, and other issues related to violence being committed online in prosocial environments, are beginning to constitute an emergency worldwide. Institutions are particularly sensitive to the problem especially as far as teenagers are concerned inasmuch as, in cases of inter-teen episodes, the deterrent power of ordinary justice is not as effective as it is between adults. In order to develop the most suitable policies, institution should not be satisfied with statistics and sociological perspectives on the phenomenon, but rather seek a (...)
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  4.  15
    The Antinomies of Serendipity How to Cognitively Frame Serendipity for Scientific Discoveries.Selene Arfini, Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani - 2020 - Topoi 39 (4):939-948.
    During the second half of the last century, the importance of serendipitous events in scientific frameworks has been progressively recognized, fueling hard debates about their role, nature, and structure in philosophy and sociology of science. Alas, while discussing the relevance of the topic for the comprehension of the nature of scientific discovery, the philosophical literature has hardly paid attention to the cognitive significance of serendipity, accepting rather than examining some of its most specific features, such as its game-changing effect, the (...)
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  5.  19
    Online Communities as Virtual Cognitive Niches.Lorenzo Magnani, Tommaso Bertolotti & Selene Arfini - 2019 - Synthese 196 (1):377-397.
    In this paper we aim at discussing cognitive and epistemic features of online communities, by the use of cognitive niche constructions theories, presenting them as virtual cognitive niches. Virtual cognitive niches can be considered as digitally-encoded collaborative distributions of diverse types of information into an environment performed by agents to aid thinking and reasoning about some target domain. Discussing this definition, we will also consider how online communities, as networks displaying a social bias, can both foster civic awareness and promote (...)
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  6. Contemporary Finance as a Critical Cognitive Niche: An Epistemological Outlook on the Uncertain Effects of Contrasting Uncertainty.Lorenzo Magnani & Tommaso Bertolotti - 2017 - In Ping Chen & Emiliano Ippoliti (eds.), Methods and Finance. Springer Verlag.
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  7.  14
    Contemporary Finance as a Critical Cognitive Niche: An Epistemological Outlook on the Uncertain Effects of Contrasting Uncertainty.Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani - 2015 - Mind and Society 14 (2):273-293.
    Cognitive niche construction theory provides a new comprehensive account for the development of human cultural and social organization with respect to the management of their environment. Cognitive niche construction can be seen as a way of lessening complexity and unpredictability of a given environment. In this paper, we are going to analyze economic systems as highly technological cognitive niches, and individuate a link between cognitive niche construction, unpredictability and a particular kind of economic crises.
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  8.  9
    The Role of Agency Detection in the Invention of Supernatural Beings.Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani - 2010 - In W. Carnielli L. Magnani (ed.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology. pp. 239--262.
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  9.  9
    Camouflaging Truth: A Biological, Argumentative and Epistemological Outlook From Biological to Linguistic Camouflage.Tommaso Bertolotti, Emanuele Bardone & Lorenzo Magnani - 2014 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 14 (1-2):65-91.
    Camouflage commonly refers to the ability to make something appear as different from what it actually is, or not to make it appear at all. This concept originates from biological studies to describe a range of strategies used by organisms to dissimulate their presence in the environment, but it is frequently borrowed by other semantic fields as it is possible to camouflage one’s position, intentions, opinion etc.: an interesting conceptual continuum between the multiple denotations of camouflage seems to emerge from (...)
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  10.  7
    Of Cyborgs and Brutes: Technology-Inherited Violence and Ignorance.Tommaso Bertolotti, Selene Arfini & Lorenzo Magnani - 2017 - Philosophies 2 (1):1--14.
    The broad aim of this paper is to question the ambiguous relationship between technology and intelligence. More specifically, it addresses the reasons why the ever-increasing reliance on smart technologies and wide repositories of data does not necessarily increase the display of “smart” or even “intelligent” behaviors, but rather increases new instances of “brutality” as a mix of ignorance and violence. We claim that the answer can be found in the cyborg theory, and more specifically in the possibility to blend different (...)
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  11.  11
    Christ, Batman, and Girard.Lorenzo Magnani & Tommaso Bertolotti - 2015 - Journal of Religion and Violence 3 (1):117-135.
    The aim of this article is to offer a non-trivial reflection about the violence embedded in self-sacrifice. Firstly, we will suggest a definition of violence which does not make self-sacrifice necessarily violent, but rather aims at being consistent with the common sense conception of sacrifice as actually violent. Framing this initial claim within the vectorial conception of sacrifice offered by Derrida, we will individuate in the violence against intellect the core of the violent dimension of self-sacrifice, insofar as the author (...)
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  12.  1
    Extending Cognition Through Superstition: A Niche-Construction Theory Approach.Tommaso Bertolotti - 2006 - In Lorenzo Magnani & Claudia Casadio (eds.), Model Based Reasoning in Science and Technology. Logical, Epistemological, and Cognitive Issues. Springer Verlag.
    Superstitious practices have been considered since the ancient times as signs of deviating cognitive forms, concerned with irrelevant causal relationships, and/or reducible to religious beliefs. Recent theories such as the extended mind and cognitive niche construction, though, can shed new light on superstition and its apparently unreasonable success. The trigger is to observe how most superstitions are not mere “beliefs” hosted in a naked mind, but rather involve a strong coupling between the mind and some external props allowing its extensions (...)
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  13.  11
    Gossip as a Model of Inference to Composite Hypotheses.Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani - 2014 - Pragmatics and Cognition 22 (3):309-324.
    In this paper we seek an inferential and cognitive model explaining some characteristics of abduction to composite hypotheses. In the first section, we introduce the matter of composite hypotheses, stressing how it is coherent with the intuitive and philosophical contention that a single event can be caused not only by several causes acting together, but also by several kinds of causation. In the second section, we argue that gossip could serve as an interesting model to study the generation of composite (...)
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  14. Curating the Richness of Cognitive Niches.Tommaso Bertolotti - 2015 - In Patterns of Rationality. Springer Verlag.
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  15. Digitalizing the Religious Niche.Tommaso Bertolotti - 2015 - In Patterns of Rationality. Springer Verlag.
     
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  16. Gossip as Multi-Level Abduction: The Inferential Ground of Linguistic Niche Construction.Tommaso Bertolotti - 2015 - In Patterns of Rationality. Springer Verlag.
     
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  17. Irrationality as an Epistemic Immunization: Cognitive Bubble S.Tommaso Bertolotti - 2015 - In Patterns of Rationality. Springer Verlag.
     
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  18. Introducing Cognitive Niches.Tommaso Bertolotti - 2015 - In Patterns of Rationality. Springer Verlag.
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  19. Introduction: For an Epistemology of the Human Being.Tommaso Bertolotti - 2015 - In Patterns of Rationality. Springer Verlag.
     
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  20. Models in Action: An Eco-Cognitive Outlook on Experimental Science.Tommaso Bertolotti - 2015 - In Patterns of Rationality. Springer Verlag.
  21. Niche Construction Through Gossip and Mobbing: The Mediation of Violence in Technocognitive Niches.Tommaso Bertolotti - 2015 - In Patterns of Rationality. Springer Verlag.
     
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  22. Natural Religion, Models, and the Invention of Supernatural Beings.Tommaso Bertolotti - 2015 - In Patterns of Rationality. Springer Verlag.
     
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  23. On Biological and Verbal Camouflage: The Strategic Use of Models in Non-Scientific Thinking.Tommaso Bertolotti - 2015 - In Patterns of Rationality. Springer Verlag.
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  24. Proto-Models, Mental Models and Scientific Models.Tommaso Bertolotti - 2015 - In Patterns of Rationality. Springer Verlag.
     
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  25.  15
    Patterns of Rationality.Tommaso Bertolotti - unknown
    During the research that lead to this book, I focused on three topics that I found pivotal for shaping human reasoning: the mechanisms underlying the development of scientific modeling, the distributions of knowledge in the environment amounting to cognitive niche construction, and the “epistemic immunizations” that, compared with higher regimes of rationality such as the ones displayed by science and logic, produce what is defined as irrationality.
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  26. The Cognitive Impact of Religious “Rationality”: On Forgiveness and the Sacrificial Mind.Tommaso Bertolotti - 2015 - In Patterns of Rationality. Springer Verlag.
     
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  27. The Crises of Techo-Cognitive Niches: From Maladaptive to Terminator Niches.Tommaso Bertolotti - 2015 - In Patterns of Rationality. Springer Verlag.
     
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