Results for 'Tonya Y. Schooler'

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  1.  66
    Meta-Awareness, Perceptual Decoupling and the Wandering Mind.Jonathan W. Schooler, Jonathan Smallwood, Kalina Christoff, Todd C. Handy, Erik D. Reichle & Michael A. Sayette - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (7):319-326.
  2. Re-Representing Consciousness: Dissociations Between Experience and Meta-Consciousness.Jonathan W. Schooler - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (8):339-344.
  3.  32
    How Forgetting Aids Heuristic Inference.Lael J. Schooler & Ralph Hertwig - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (3):610-628.
    Some theorists, ranging from W. James to contemporary psychologists, have argued that forgetting is the key to proper functioning of memory. The authors elaborate on the notion of beneficial forgetting by proposing that loss of information aids inference heuristics that exploit mnemonic information. To this end, the authors bring together 2 research programs that take an ecological approach to studying cognition. Specifically, they implement fast and frugal heuristics within the ACT-R cognitive architecture. Simulations of the recognition heuristic, which relies on (...)
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  4.  34
    Thoughts Beyond Words: When Language Overshadows Insight.Jonathan W. Schooler, Stellan Ohlsson & Kevin Brooks - 1993 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 122 (2):166.
  5. Experience, Meta-Consciousness, and the Paradox of Introspection.Jonathan W. Schooler - 2004 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (7-8):17-39.
    Introspection is paradoxical in that it is simultaneously so compelling yet so elusive. This paradox emerges because although experience itself is indisputable, our ability to explicitly characterize experience is often inadequate. Ultimately, the accuracy of introspective reports depends on individuals' imperfect ability to take stock of their experience. Although there is no ideal yardstick for assessing introspection, examination of the degree to which self-reports systematically covary with the environmental, behavioural, and physiological concomitants of experience can help to establish the correspondence (...)
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  6.  45
    Back to the Future: Autobiographical Planning and the Functionality of Mind-Wandering.Benjamin Baird, Jonathan Smallwood & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1604-1611.
    Given that as much as half of human thought arises in a stimulus independent fashion, it would seem unlikely that such thoughts would play no functional role in our lives. However, evidence linking the mind-wandering state to performance decrement has led to the notion that mind-wandering primarily represents a form of cognitive failure. Based on previous work showing a prospective bias to mind-wandering, the current study explores the hypothesis that one potential function of spontaneous thought is to plan and anticipate (...)
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  7.  3
    Ortega y sus fuentes germánicas.Nelson R. Orringer & José Ortega Y. Gasset - 1979 - Gredos.
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  8.  51
    Self-Reflection and the Temporal Focus of the Wandering Mind.Jonathan Smallwood, Jonathan W. Schooler, David J. Turk, Sheila J. Cunningham, Phebe Burns & C. Neil Macrae - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1120-1126.
    Current accounts suggest that self-referential thought serves a pivotal function in the human ability to simulate the future during mind-wandering. Using experience sampling, this hypothesis was tested in two studies that explored the extent to which self-reflection impacts both retrospection and prospection during mind-wandering. Study 1 demonstrated that a brief period of self-reflection yielded a prospective bias during mind-wandering such that participants’ engaged more frequently in spontaneous future than past thought. In Study 2, individual differences in the strength of self-referential (...)
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  9.  38
    The Smart Potential Behind Probability Matching.Wolfgang Gaissmaier & Lael J. Schooler - 2008 - Cognition 109 (3):416-422.
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  10.  39
    It Just Felt Right: The Neural Correlates of the Fluency Heuristic ☆.Kirsten G. Volz, Lael J. Schooler & D. Yves von Cramon - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (3):829-837.
    Simple heuristics exploit basic human abilities, such as recognition memory, to make decisions based on sparse information. Based on the relative speed of recognizing two objects, the fluency heuristic infers that the one recognized more quickly has the higher value with respect to the criterion of interest. Behavioral data show that reliance on retrieval fluency enables quick inferences. Our goal with the present functional magnetic resonance imaging study was to isolate fluency-heuristic-based judgments to map the use of fluency onto specific (...)
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  11.  5
    A Bayesian Model for Implicit Effects in Perceptual Identification.Lael J. Schooler, Richard M. Shiffrin & Jeroen G. W. Raaijmakers - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (1):257-272.
  12.  11
    Cognitive Niches: An Ecological Model of Strategy Selection.Julian N. Marewski & Lael J. Schooler - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (3):393-437.
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  13.  71
    Consciousness and the Limits of Language: You Can't Always Say What You Think or Think What You Say.Jonathan W. Schooler & S. M. Fiore - 1997 - In Jonathan D. Cohen & Jonathan W. Schooler (eds.), Scientific Approaches to Consciousness. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 241--257.
  14.  7
    The Robust Beauty of Ordinary Information.Konstantinos V. Katsikopoulos, Lael J. Schooler & Ralph Hertwig - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (4):1259-1266.
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  15.  15
    Suppression of Novel Stimuli: Changes in Accessibility of Suppressed Nonverbalizable Shapes.Rhiannon E. Hart & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1541-1546.
    Recently, a new method of considering successful intentional thought suppression has emerged. This method, the think/no-think paradigm has been utilized over a multitude of settings and has fairly robustly demonstrated the ability to interfere with memory recall. The following experiment examined the effect of intentional thought suppression on recognition memory of nonverbalizeable shapes. In this experiment, participants learned word–shape targets. For some of the pairs, they rehearsed the shape when presented with the word; for others, they suppressed the shape when (...)
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  16.  8
    Cognitive Costs of Decision-Making Strategies: A Resource Demand Decomposition Analysis with a Cognitive Architecture.Hanna B. Fechner, Lael J. Schooler & Thorsten Pachur - 2018 - Cognition 170:102-122.
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  17.  18
    A Signal-Detection Analysis of Fast-and-Frugal Trees.Shenghua Luan, Lael J. Schooler & Gerd Gigerenzer - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (2):316-338.
  18.  10
    Believing There is No Free Will Corrupts Intuitive Cooperation.John Protzko, Brett Ouimette & Jonathan Schooler - 2016 - Cognition 151:6-9.
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  19.  23
    Composites, Compromises, and CHARM: What is the Evidence for Blend Memory Representations?Jonathan W. Schooler & James W. Tanaka - 1991 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 120 (1):96-100.
  20.  19
    Discovery Misattribution: When Solving is Confused with Remembering.Sonya Dougal & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2007 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 136 (4):577-592.
  21.  43
    Mind Wandering “Ahas” Versus Mindful Reasoning: Alternative Routes to Creative Solutions.Claire M. Zedelius & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  22. Y. L and L. Regnier.J. Y. Girard - 1995 - In Jean-Yves Girard, Yves Lafont & Laurent Regnier (eds.), Advances in Linear Logic. Cambridge University Press.
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  23.  1
    La idea de principio en Leibniz y la evolución de la teoría deductiva.José Ortega Y. Gasset - 1958 - Emecé.
  24.  9
    Seeking the Core: The Issues and Evidence Surrounding Recovered Accounts of Sexual Trauma.Jonathan W. Schooler - 1994 - Consciousness and Cognition 3 (3-4):452-469.
    This review identifies some of the many layers that surround and potentially obscure the emotionally charged topic of recovered accounts of childhood abuse. Consideration of the, admittedly often indirect, evidence provides suggestive support for many of the components of both recovered and fabricated memories of abuse. With respect to recovered memories the available evidence suggests that: although the prior accessibility of a memory may be difficult to determine, recovered memory reports can sometimes be corroborated with respect to their correspondence to (...)
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  25. Memory for Emotional Events.Jonathan W. Schooler & Erich Eich - 2000 - In Endel Tulving (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Memory. Oxford University Press. pp. 379--392.
     
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  26.  16
    There is More to Episodic Memory Than Just Episodes.Jonathan W. Schooler & Douglas J. Herrmann - 1992 - In Martin A. Conway, David C. Rubin, H. Spinnler & W. Wagenaar (eds.), Theoretical Perspectives on Autobiographical Memory. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 241--262.
  27. Humane Education: Science, Technology, and Society in the English Classroom.Tonya Huber Emeigh - 1988 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 8 (1):47-63.
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  28. Pranic Healing: Documenting Use, Expectations, and Perceived Benefits of a Little-Known Therapy in the United States.Tonya L. Schuster, Maritza Jauregui, Mary D. Clark & Joie P. Jones - 2012 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 26 (3).
    The aim of this exploratory study was to examine client demographics and expectations, reasons for use, sensations during treatment, and perceived outcomes of Pranic Healing, an energy healing system lacking in scientific documentation but whose use in the general population is becoming more widespread internationally. This study consisted of a cross-sectional survey of adults receiving care from 12 Pranic Healing practices in four different states in the U.S. completing online questionnaires. Closed-ended response sets were analyzed descriptively, while qualitative data were (...)
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  29.  19
    Vigilance Impossible: Diligence, Distraction, and Daydreaming All Lead to Failures in a Practical Monitoring Task.Stephen M. Casner & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 35:33-41.
  30.  7
    From Perception to Preference and on to Inference: An Approach–Avoidance Analysis of Thresholds.Shenghua Luan, Lael J. Schooler & Gerd Gigerenzer - 2014 - Psychological Review 121 (3):501-525.
  31.  5
    A Time Course Analysis of Stroop Interference and Facilitation: Comparing Normal Individuals and Individuals with Schizophrenia.Carmi Schooler, Ewald Neumann, Leslie J. Caplan & Bruce R. Roberts - 1997 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 126 (1):19-36.
  32.  5
    Individualism and the Historical and Social-Structural Determinants of Peoples Concern Over Self-Directedness and Effacy.Carmi Schooler - 1990 - In Judith Rodin, Carmi Schooler & K. Warner Schaie (eds.), Self-Directedness: Cause and Effects Throughout the Life Course. L. Erlbaum Associates. pp. 19--50.
  33.  31
    The Symbiosis of Subjective and Experimental Approaches to Intuition.Jonathan W. Schooler & Sonya Dougal - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (2-3):2-3.
    We all have had convictions that we were unable to substantiate on a purely logical basis. Such intuitive experiences have intrigued philosophers for centuries, although the construct of intuition as such has generally been given an undeserved cold shoulder by researchers. As Peugeot, in this issue, observes, ‘It is therefore very surprising that so few studies have been dedicated to the study of the subjective experience which is associated with it’ . Peugeot is correct in her observation that modern research (...)
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  34. Law and Disorder: Ontario Catholic Bishops’ Opposition to Gay-Straight Alliances.Tonya D. Callaghan - 2014 - Paideusis: Journal of the Canadian Philosophy of Education Society 22 (1):28-37.
    Originating in the United States, a Gay/Straight Alliance is an in-school student club whose focus is on making the school a safe space for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer students and their straight allies by raising awareness about, and hopefully reducing, school-based homophobia. The ongoing struggle for GSAs in Canadian Catholic schools is one example of how clashes continue to be played out between Catholic canonical law and Canadian common law regarding sexual minorities. This paper draws upon Foucault’s Discipline (...)
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  35.  24
    International Law and Voter Preferences: The Case of Foreign Human Rights Violations.Tonya L. Putnam & Jacob N. Shapiro - 2017 - Human Rights Review 18 (3):243-262.
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  36.  13
    The Richness of Inner Experience: Relating Styles of Daydreaming to Creative Processes.Claire M. Zedelius & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  37.  3
    Value, Need, and Other Factors in Perception.Launor F. Carter & Kermit Schooler - 1949 - Psychological Review 56 (4):200-207.
  38. The Hazards of Claiming to Have Solved the Hard Problem of Free Will.Azim F. Shariff, Jonathan Schooler & Kathleen D. Vohs - 2008 - In John Baer, James C. Kaufman & Roy F. Baumeister (eds.), Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will. Oup Usa.
     
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  39.  14
    The Fate of Memory: Comment on McCloskey and Zaragoza.Elizabeth F. Loftus, Jonathan W. Schooler & Willem A. Wagenaar - 1985 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 114 (3):375-380.
  40. In Y. Engeström, R. Miettinen, and R. Punamaki.Y. Engeström - 1999 - In Yrjö Engeström, Reijo Miettinen & Raija-Leena Punamäki-Gitai (eds.), Perspectives on Activity Theory. Cambridge University Press.
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  41.  17
    Optimizing Honor Codes for Online Exam Administration.Regan A. R. Gurung, Tiffany M. Wilhelm & Tonya Filz - 2012 - Ethics and Behavior 22 (2):158 - 162.
    This study examined self-reported academic dishonesty at a midsize public university. Students (N = 492) rated the likelihood they would cheat after accepting to abide by each of eight honor code pledges before Internet-based assignments and examinations. The statements were derived from honor pledges used by different universities across the United States and varied in length, formality, and the extent to which the statements included consequences for academic dishonesty. Longer, formal honor codes with consequences were associated with a lower likelihood (...)
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  42.  14
    Unnoticed Intrusions: Dissociations of Meta-Consciousness in Thought Suppression.Benjamin Baird, Jonathan Smallwood, Daniel Jf Fishman, Michael D. Mrazek & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):1003-1012.
    The current research investigates the interaction between thought suppression and individuals’ explicit awareness of their thoughts. Participants in three experiments attempted to suppress thoughts of a prior romantic relationship and their success at doing so was measured using a combination of self-catching and experience-sampling. In addition to thoughts that individuals spontaneously noticed, individuals were frequently caught engaging in thoughts of their previous partner at experience-sampling probes. Furthermore, probe-caught thoughts were: associated with stronger decoupling of attention from the environment, more likely (...)
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  43.  29
    Mind-Wandering as a Natural Kind: A Family Resemblances View.Paul Seli, Michael J. Kane, Jonathan Smallwood, Daniel L. Schacter, David Maillet, Jonathan W. Schooler & Daniel Smilek - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (6):479-490.
  44. La Civitas mexicana y nosotros los católicos, México.Jesús Guízar Y. Azevedo - forthcoming - Polis.
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  45.  17
    Gadamer y los Presocráticos. La Teología de la esperanza en el límite oculto de la Hermenéutica.Teresa Oñate Y. Zubía - 2005 - Endoxa 1 (20):795.
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  46.  13
    Ontología y nihilismo.Teresa Oñate Y. Zubía - 2000 - Endoxa 1 (12-2):723.
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  47. La creencia en Kierkegaard, Johannes de Silentio y Anti-Climacus Asunción Herrera Guevara.Johannes de Silentio Y. Anti-Climacus - 2003 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 22 (1-3):101-114.
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  48. Evolución cognitiva y conocimiento reflexivo. La teoría de los órdenes sociales de Emanuel Adler y la elección de la Convención Nacional Constituyente en Uruguay.Adolfo Garcé García Y. Santos - 2019 - Araucaria 21 (42).
    El 30 de julio de 1916 se eligieron los representantes para la Convención encargada de elaborar la segunda constitución uruguaya que fijó las reglas de la naciente democracia. En esta elección se utilizaron por primera vez el voto secreto y una versión inédita de representación proporcional. Para explicar por qué se usaron esas reglas y no otras, se utiliza la teoría de los órdenes sociales de Emanuel Adler. Las nuevas reglas recogen en el plano institucional la evolución cognitiva de caudillos (...)
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  49.  10
    Fundamentos del Postmodernismo y el no estar ni ahí de la Universidad en (y de) Chile.Carlos Y. Valenzuela - 2010 - Polis: Revista Latinoamericana 25.
    Se ha tratado de desprestigiar al postmodernismo y no se ha valorado su gran contribución a la cultura universal. El postmodernismo empieza a desarrollarse cuando el ser humano se da cuenta que no tan solo sus órganos de los sentidos pueden engañarlo, sino que también su intelecto, razón y sus facultades superiores más preciadas. Las caídas del positivismo y del racionalismo le abrieron la puerta, apoyado por la insuficiencia de la ciencia y la filosofía para entender el universo. La nomología (...)
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  50.  15
    Domain-Specific Enhancement of Metacognitive Ability Following Meditation Training.Benjamin Baird, Michael D. Mrazek, Dawa T. Phillips & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (5):1972-1979.
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