Results for 'Toon Brekelmans'

103 found
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  1.  19
    Boekbesprekingen.P. C. Beentjes, Theo de Kruijf, Herman-Emiel Mertens, Th Bell, Paul van Geest, Johan Ardui, Martin Parmentier, Toon Brekelmans, A. H. C. van Eijk, Geert van Dartel, A. Meijers, Erik Sengers, Carlo Leget, Ben Vedder, H. J. Adriaanse, M. Parmentier & Joke Maex - 2001 - Bijdragen 62 (3):342-365.
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  2. Similarity and Scientific Representation.Adam Toon - 2012 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 26 (3):241-257.
    The similarity view of scientific representation has recently been subjected to strong criticism. Much of this criticism has been directed against a ?naive? similarity account, which tries to explain representation solely in terms of similarity between scientific models and the world. This article examines the more sophisticated account offered by the similarity view's leading proponent, Ronald Giere. In contrast to the naive account, Giere's account appeals to the role played by the scientists using a scientific model. A similar move is (...)
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  3.  13
    Social Identity Salience Shapes Group-Based Emotions Through Group-Based Appraisals.Toon Kuppens, Vincent Y. Yzerbyt, Sophie Dandache, Agneta H. Fischer & Job van der Schalk - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (8):1359-1377.
  4. Models as Make-Believe: Imagination, Fiction and Scientific Representation.Adam Toon - 2012 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Models as Make-Believe offers a new approach to scientific modelling by looking to an unlikely source of inspiration: the dolls and toy trucks of children's games of make-believe.
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  5.  55
    Nursing and Euthanasia: A Review of Argument-Based Ethics Literature. [REVIEW]Toon Quaghebeur, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé & Chris Gastmans - 2009 - Nursing Ethics 16 (4):466-486.
    This article gives an overview of the nursing ethics arguments on euthanasia in general, and on nurses' involvement in euthanasia in particular, through an argument-based literature review. An in-depth study of these arguments in this literature will enable nurses to engage in the euthanasia debate. We critically appraised 41 publications published between January 1987 and June 2007. Nursing ethics arguments on (nurses' involvement in) euthanasia are guided primarily by the principles of respect for autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence and justice. Ethical arguments (...)
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  6. Models as Make-Believe.Adam Toon - 2010 - In Roman Frigg & Matthew Hunter (eds.), Beyond Mimesis and Convention: Representation in Art and Science. Boston Studies in Philosophy of Science.
    In this paper I propose an account of representation for scientific models based on Kendall Walton’s ‘make-believe’ theory of representation in art. I first set out the problem of scientific representation and respond to a recent argument due to Craig Callender and Jonathan Cohen, which aims to show that the problem may be easily dismissed. I then introduce my account of models as props in games of make-believe and show how it offers a solution to the problem. Finally, I demonstrate (...)
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  7.  10
    Mind the Level: Problems with Two Recent Nation-Level Analyses in Psychology.Toon Kuppens & Thomas V. Pollet - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  8. The Ontology of Theoretical Modelling: Models as Make-Believe.Adam Toon - 2010 - Synthese 172 (2):301-315.
    The descriptions and theoretical laws scientists write down when they model a system are often false of any real system. And yet we commonly talk as if there were objects that satisfy the scientists’ assumptions and as if we may learn about their properties. Many attempt to make sense of this by taking the scientists’ descriptions and theoretical laws to define abstract or fictional entities. In this paper, I propose an alternative account of theoretical modelling that draws upon Kendall Walton’s (...)
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  9. Fictionalism and the Folk.Adam Toon - 2016 - The Monist 99 (3):280-295.
    Mental fictionalism is the view that, even if mental states do not exist, it is useful to talk as if they do. Mental states are useful fictions. Recent philosophy of mind has seen a growing interest in mental fictionalism. To date, much of the discussion has concerned the general features of the approach. In this paper, I develop a specific form of mental fictionalism by drawing on Kendall Walton’s work on make-believe. According to the approach I propose, talk of mental (...)
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  10. Playing with Molecules.Adam Toon - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (4):580-589.
    Recent philosophy of science has seen a number of attempts to understand scientific models by looking to theories of fiction. In previous work, I have offered an account of models that draws on Kendall Walton’s ‘make-believe’ theory of art. According to this account, models function as ‘props’ in games of make-believe, like children’s dolls or toy trucks. In this paper, I assess the make-believe view through an empirical study of molecular models. I suggest that the view gains support when we (...)
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  11. Where is the Understanding?Adam Toon - 2015 - Synthese 192 (12):3859-3875.
    Recent work in epistemology and philosophy of science has argued that understanding is an important cognitive state that philosophers should seek to analyse. This paper offers a new perspective on understanding by looking to work in philosophy of mind and cognitive science. Understanding is normally taken to be inside the head. I argue that this view is mistaken. Often, understanding is a state that criss-crosses brain, body and world. To support this claim, I draw on extended cognition, a burgeoning framework (...)
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  12. Imagination in Scientific Modeling.Adam Toon - 2016 - In Amy Kind (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Imagination. Routledge. pp. 451-462.
    Modeling is central to scientific inquiry. It also depends heavily upon the imagination. In modeling, scientists seem to turn their attention away from the complexity of the real world to imagine a realm of perfect spheres, frictionless planes and perfect rational agents. Modeling poses many questions. What are models? How do they relate to the real world? Recently, a number of philosophers have addressed these questions by focusing on the role of the imagination in modeling. Some have also drawn parallels (...)
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  13. Psalm 132: Unity and Structure.C. Brekelmans - 1983 - Bijdragen 44 (3):262-265.
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  14. Some Considerations on the Prose Sermons in the Book of Jeremiah.C. Brekelmans - 1973 - Bijdragen 34 (2):204-211.
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  15.  2
    De draaideur: van impasse naar uitweg.Toon Kerkhoff & Arco Timmermans - 2018 - Res Publica 60 (3):235-257.
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  16.  19
    Reflexive Modernization and the End of the Nation State. On the Eclipse of the Political in Ulrich Beck's Cosmopolitanism.Toon Braeckman - 2008 - Ethical Perspectives 15 (3):343-367.
    The theory of reflexive modernization plausibly advocates postnational cosmopolitanism. As the nation state is eroding today, we are becoming citizens of a ‘global risk society’ whose unity and cohesion is generated by the risk that is threatening us world-wide. By the same token, this world risk society is no longer unified in any political sense. There is no world state; its very idea is even rejected. In this sense, the cosmopolitanism argued for in the theory of reflexive modernization proves predominantly (...)
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  17. De democratie in de spiegel van het populisme.Toon Braeckman & Stefan Rummens - unknown - Wijsgerig Perspectief 50 (2).
    In de vorige bijdragen is terecht gewezen op het problematische karakter van het populisme, en inzonderheid op de bedreiging die ervan uitgaat voor de democratie. Aan deze kritische bedenkingen willen we hier generlei afbreuk doen. Toch is het nuttig onder ogen te zien dat het populisme ook een spiegel is van de democratie, in de zin dat het bepaalde kwetsbare aspecten van de democratie uitvergroot die vaak miskend worden. Meer specifiek wijst het populisme op de elitevorming binnen de democratie, en (...)
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  18. The Nature and Value of Jurisprudence.Chan-Toon - 1889 - F.B. Rothman.
    The author's purpose in writing this text was to illustrate the results obtained by jurisprudence within the recent times surrounding publication, to provide a guide for beginners in the study of jurisprudence, & also to present to the reader with the manner of collecting facts & verifying sources for defending their positions.
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  19. Empiricism for Cyborgs.Adam Toon - 2014 - Philosophical Issues 24 (1):409-425.
    One important debate between scientific realists and constructive empiricists concerns whether we observe things using instruments. This paper offers a new perspective on the debate over instruments by looking to recent discussion in philosophy of mind and cognitive science. Realists often speak of instruments as ‘extensions’ to our senses. I ask whether the realist may strengthen her view by drawing on the extended mind thesis. Proponents of the extended mind thesis claim that cognitive processes can sometimes extend beyond our brains (...)
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  20. Arnon Levy & Peter Godfrey-Smith (Eds.), The Scientific Imagination: Philosophical and Psychological Perspectives, New York: Oxford University Press, 2020. [REVIEW]Adam Toon - 2022 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 44 (3):1-3.
  21.  12
    What is Mental Fictionalism?Tamas Demeter, T. Parent & Adam Toon - 2022 - In Tamas Demeter, T. Parent & Adam Toon (eds.), Mental Fictionalism: Philosophical Explorations. New York: Routledge. pp. 1-24.
    This chapter introduces several versions of mental fictionalism, along with the main lines of objection and reply. It begins by considering the debate between eliminative materialism (“eliminativism”) versus realism about mental states as conceived in “folk psychology” (i.e., beliefs, desires, intentions, etc.). Mental fictionalism offers a way to transcend the debate by allowing talk of mental states without a commitment to realism. The idea is to treat folk psychology as a “story” and three different elaborations of this are reviewed. First, (...)
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  22.  19
    Clinical Judgement-- Evidence in Practice: R S Downie, Jane Macnaughton, Oxford, OUP, 2000, 212 Pages, Pound19.95. [REVIEW]P. Toon - 2001 - Medical Humanities 27 (1):55-a-56.
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  23. Ten geleide.Toon Braeckman - unknown - Wijsgerig Perspectief 50 (2).
    Populisme. Sinds extreem rechts recent een bepaald soort salonfähigkeit heeft weten te verwerven in het democratische bestel wordt de term door zelfverklaarde democraten te pas en te onpas gehanteerd om bijvoorkeur ‘rechtse’, maar bij uitbreiding ook alle andere tegenstanders te desavoueren die uit zijn op al te gemakkelijk politiek succes. Vanuit dat perspectief veroorzaakt de term ‘populisme’ geen enkel probleem: het is een dankbare politieke diskwalificatie die iedereen graag gebruikt, maar die niemand graag krijgt toebedeeld.
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  24. Friends at Last? Distributed Cognition and the Cognitive/Social Divide.Adam Toon - 2014 - Philosophical Psychology 27 (1):1-14.
    Distributed cognition (d-cog) claims that many cognitive processes are distributed across groups and the surrounding material and cultural environment. Recently, Nancy Nersessian, Ronald Giere, and others have suggested that a d-cog approach might allow us to bring together cognitive and social theories of science. I explore this idea by focusing on the specific interpretation of d-cog found in Edwin Hutchins' canonical text Cognition in the wild. First, I examine the scope of a d-cog approach to science, showing that there are (...)
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  25.  37
    Neoliberalisme en de symbolische institutie van de samenleving. Lefort en Foucault over de staat en'het politieke'(forthcoming).Toon Braeckman - 2013 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 73 (3):525-551.
    This essay sets up a dialogue between Lefort’s view on the relationship between the state and modern society and Foucault’s thesis of a governmental turn in the modern power regime, whereby the relations between state and society are thoroughly redrawn. What are the main results? 1) Whereas Lefort’s political ontology leaves room for divergent agencies from which the symbolic institution of the social may unfold, his preoccupation with democracy leans him to inseparably link the symbolic institution of modern society with (...)
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  26.  9
    The University of Louvain Under the Constant Threat of Visitations, 1617- 1702.Toon Quaghebeur - 2007 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 85 (3):685-719.
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  27.  48
    Anchoring Fictional Models: Adam Toon: Models as Make-Believe. Plagrave-Macmillan, 2012.Arnon Levy - 2013 - Biology and Philosophy 28 (4):693-701.
  28.  95
    After Bioethics and Towards Virtue?P. D. Toon - 1993 - Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (1):17-18.
    The place of philosophical medical ethics in medical education and clinical practice has recently been questioned. Although partially valid, the criticisms do not warrant abandoning the enterprise. Instead a reappraised model, based on Aristotelean concepts of intellectual and moral virtue is suggested.
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  29.  10
    Phenylbutazone : one drug across two species.Michael Worboys & Elizabeth Toon - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (2):27.
    In this article we explore the different trajectories of this one drug, phenylbutazone, across two species, humans and horses in the period 1950–2000. The essay begins by following the introduction of the drug into human medicine in the early 1950s. It promised to be a less costly alternative to cortisone, one of the “wonder drugs” of the era, in the treatment of rheumatic conditions. Both drugs appeared to offer symptomatic relief rather than a cure, and did so with the risk (...)
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  30. Minds, Materials and Metaphors.Adam Toon - forthcoming - Philosophy.
    What is the relationship between mental states and items of material culture, like notebooks, maps or lists? The extended mind thesis (ExM) offers an influential and controversial answer to this question. According to ExM, items of material culture can form part of the material basis for our mental states. Although ExM offers a radical view of the location of mental states, it fits comfortably with a traditional, representationalist account of the nature of those states. I argue that proponents of ExM (...)
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  31.  6
    Incorporating Strain Gradient Effects in a Multiscale Constitutive Framework for Nickel-Base Superalloys.T. Tinga, W. A. M. Brekelmans & M. G. D. Geers - 2008 - Philosophical Magazine 88 (30-32):3793-3825.
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  32. The Story of the Ghost in the Machine.Adam Toon - forthcoming - In Sonia Sedivy (ed.), Art, Representation and Make-Believe: Essays on the Philosophy of Kendall L. Walton. New York, NY, USA:
  33.  3
    Not Only Laboratory to Clinic: The Translational Work of William S. C. Copeman in Rheumatology.Michael Worboys & Elizabeth Toon - 2020 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 42 (3):1-27.
    Since the arrival of Translational Medicine, as both a term and movement in the late 1990s, it has been associated almost exclusively with attempts to accelerate the “translation” of research-laboratory findings to improve efficacy and outcomes in clinical practice. This framing privileges one source of change in medicine, that from bench-to-bedside. In this article we dig into the history of translation research to identify and discuss three other types of translational work in medicine that can also reshape ideas, practices, institutions, (...)
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  34.  36
    Passing on the Faith: How Mother‐Child Communication Influences Transmission of Moral Values.Toon W. Taris & Gun R. Semin - 1997 - Journal of Moral Education 26 (2):211-221.
    Abstract This paper examines religious affiliation and commitment of teenagers as a function of the quality of mother?child interaction and the mothers? religious commitment, as an illustration of the principle that transmission of parental norms and values to their children is facilitated or inhibited by the quality of their interaction. We expected that in cases where mother?child interaction was good, parents would be better able to impose their own values upon their children, resulting in a lower disaffiliation and higher religious (...)
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  35.  32
    Mental Fictionalism: Philosophical Explorations.Tamás Demeter, T. Parent & Adam Toon (eds.) - 2022 - New York & London: Routledge.
    What are mental states? When we talk about people’s beliefs or desires, are we talking about what is happening inside their heads? If so, might cognitive science show that we are wrong? Might it turn out that mental states do not exist? Mental fictionalism offers a new approach to these longstanding questions about the mind. Its core idea is that mental states are useful fictions. When we talk about mental states, we are not formulating hypotheses about people’s inner machinery. Instead, (...)
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  36.  37
    Rationality and Reasonableness.Toon Vandevelde - 1993 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 7 (1):85 – 86.
  37.  9
    A Three-Dimensional Dislocation Field Crystal Plasticity Approach Applied to Miniaturized Structures.C. J. Bayley¶, W. A. M. Brekelmans & M. G. D. Geers - 2007 - Philosophical Magazine 87 (8-9):1361-1378.
  38. Novel Approaches to Models: Mauricio Suárez : Fictions in Science: Philosophical Essays on Modeling and Idealization, Routledge, New York, 2009, Vii + 282 Pp, US$118 HB. [REVIEW]Adam Toon - 2010 - Metascience 19 (2):285-288.
  39.  22
    EPSA17: Selected Papers From the Biannual Conference in Exeter.Thomas A. C. Reydon, David Teira & Adam Toon - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 9 (1):1.
  40. As If: Idealization and Ideals, by Kwame Anthony Appiah.Adam Toon - 2020 - Mind 129 (513):275-283.
    As If: Idealization and Ideals, by AppiahKwame Anthony. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2017. Pp. xvi + 218.
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  41.  29
    Participation, Immortality and the Gift Economy.Toon Vandevelde - 1996 - Ethical Perspectives 3 (3):123-127.
    Prof. Burkard Sievers was born in 1942 in Kiel, Germany. After studying philosophy in Frankfurt and sociology in Münster he worked for a number of years in the United States at the University of Michigan, Columbia University in New York and in Washington. At present he is full professor of organisation development' at the Bergische Universität, Wuppertal, Germany.He has published a number of articles in the area of 'organisational sociology’ in which he approaches management problems in organisations from a variety (...)
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  42.  17
    A Day Awake Attenuates Motor Learning-Induced Increases in Corticomotor Excitability.Toon T. de Beukelaar, Jago Van Soom, Reto Huber & Nicole Wenderoth - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  43.  16
    Carsten Timmermann and Elizabeth Toon , Cancer Patients, Cancer Pathways: Historical and Sociological Perspectives. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012. Pp. Xii+270. ISBN 978-1-137-27207-2. £55.00. [REVIEW]Catriona Hamilton - 2014 - British Journal for the History of Science 47 (2):389-391.
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  44.  16
    When Talking Makes You Feel Like a Group: The Emergence of Group-Based Emotions.Vincent Yzerbyt, Toon Kuppens & Bernard Mathieu - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (1):33-50.
  45.  17
    What Do We Owe the World's Poor?Toon Vandevelde - 2005 - Ethical Perspectives 12 (4):481-496.
    In his Law of Peoples, Rawls severely restricts our duties of justice towards the global poor. Many of his critics have replied that there actually exists a global basic structure and that hence the difference principle applies on a global scale.However the shipwrecked of globalization do not contribute in any substantial way to the creation of global wealth. We show that Martha Nussbaum’s cosmopolitan solution to this problem is unsatisfactory because it ignores scarcity as one of the circumstances of justice.If (...)
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  46.  59
    Medical Ethics: A Brief Response to Seedhouse.P. D. Toon - 1995 - Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (1):47-48.
    Medical ethics is that branch of applied philosophy which considers issues of values raised by medical practice, and should not be equated with 'principlism'. Clarification of facts/values distinctions is an important part of this work. The notion that medical philosophy can flourish in the hands of medical 'generalists' without specialist philosophers, is misguided. Both must work together to promote right reason and right action in medical education and practice.
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  47.  10
    Defining `Disease'--Classification Must Be Distinguished From Evaluation.P. D. Toon - 1981 - Journal of Medical Ethics 7 (4):197-201.
    The use of the term `disease' in medicine is discussed, with particular reference to the issues raised by Kennedy (I) and the definition proposed by Campbell, Scadding and Roberts (2). Certain difficulties arising from this definition are considered, and a revised set of definitions is suggested, based on a distinction between diseasedness, contrasted both with health and with other sorts of problems, and nosological categories used to distinguish conditions calling for different treatments. The difference is stressed between those aspects of (...)
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  48. Models, Sherlock Holmes and the Emperor Claudius.Adam Toon - manuscript
    Recently, a number of authors have suggested that we understand scientific models in the same way as fictional characters, like Sherlock Holmes. The biggest challenge for this approach concerns the ontology of fictional characters. I consider two responses to this challenge, given by Roman Frigg, Ronald Giere and Peter Godfrey-Smith, and argue that neither is successful. I then suggest an alternative approach. While parallels with fiction are useful, I argue that models of real systems are more aptly compared to works (...)
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  49.  1
    Special issue—before translational medicine: laboratory clinic relations lost in translation? Cortisone and the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis in Britain, 1950–1960.Michael Worboys & Elizabeth Toon - 2019 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 41 (4):1-22.
    Cortisone, initially known as ‘compound E’ was the medical sensation of the late 1940s and early 1950s. As early as April 1949, only a week after Philip Hench and colleagues first described the potential of ‘compound E’ at a Mayo Clinic seminar, the New York Times reported the drug’s promise as a ‘modern miracle’ in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Given its high profile, it is unsurprising that historians of medicine have been attracted to study the innovation of cortisone. It (...)
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  50.  1
    Special issue—before translational medicine: laboratory clinic relations lost in translation? Cortisone and the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis in Britain, 1950–1960.Michael Worboys & Elizabeth Toon - 2019 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 41 (4):1-22.
    Cortisone, initially known as ‘compound E’ was the medical sensation of the late 1940s and early 1950s. As early as April 1949, only a week after Philip Hench and colleagues first described the potential of ‘compound E’ at a Mayo Clinic seminar, the New York Times reported the drug’s promise as a ‘modern miracle’ in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Given its high profile, it is unsurprising that historians of medicine have been attracted to study the innovation of cortisone. It (...)
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