Results for 'Torben Sangild'

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  1. Glitch, the Beauty of Malfunction.Torben Sangild - 2004 - In Christopher Washburne & Maiken Derno (eds.), Bad Music: The Music We Love to Hate. Routledge.
     
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  2. Youare Sitting in a Cafe on a Tuesday Afternoon. People Are Seated in Small Groups, Chatting, Drinking, Smoking, Eating. In The. [REVIEW]Torben Sangild - 2004 - In Christopher Washburne & Maiken Derno (eds.), Bad Music: The Music We Love to Hate. Routledge. pp. 257.
     
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  3.  1
    Translational neonatology research: transformative encounters across species and disciplines.Mie S. Dam, Per T. Sangild & Mette N. Svendsen - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (1):21.
    This paper explores the laborious and intimate work of turning bodies of research animals into models of human patients. Based on ethnographic research in the interdisciplinary Danish research centre NEOMUNE, we investigate collaboration across species and disciplines, in research aiming at improving survival for preterm infants. NEOMUNE experimental studies on piglets evolved as a platform on which both basic and clinical scientists exercised professional authority. Guided by the field of multi-species research, we explore the social and material agency of research (...)
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  4.  16
    Torben Braüner, Per Hasle and Peter Øhrstrøm/Preface Patrick Blackburn/Arthur Prior and Hybrid Logic B. Jack Copeland/Meredith, Prior, and the History of Possible Worlds Semantics.Torben Braüner - 2006 - Synthese 150 (1):509-510.
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  5.  13
    Cognitivism: Use It or Lose It, on Film Style and Story: A Tribute to Torben Grodal , Edited by Lennard Hojbjerg and Peter Schepelern.Andrew Browne - 2004 - Film-Philosophy 8 (3).
    _Film Style and Story: A Tribute to Torben Grodal_ Edited by Lennard Hojbjerg and Peter Schepelern Copenhagen, Denmark: Museum Tusculanum Press, University of Copenhagen, 2003) ISBN 87-7289-851-8 252 pp.
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  6. How to Understand Understanding-a Tribute to Torben Thrane: Introduction to Thematic Section of Hermes No. 47.Helle Vrønning Dam, Helle Dam Jensen, Henning Nølke & Sten Vikner - 2011 - Hermes: Journal of Language and Communication Studies 47:7-12.
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  7.  19
    Agnete Weis Bentzon, Anne Hellum, Julie Stewart, Welshman Ncube and Torben Agersnap, Pursuing Grounded Theory in Law: South-North Experiences in Developing Women's Law. [REVIEW]Anne Griffiths - 1999 - Feminist Legal Studies 7 (3):355-357.
  8.  2
    Review of Torben Bech Dyrberg, Foucault on the Politics of Parrhesia , I-Vi, 1-141, Electronic £36.99 , ISBN: 978-1-137-36835-5. [REVIEW]Martin Paul Eve - 2016 - Foucault Studies 21:238.
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  9.  8
    Torben Braüner, Hybrid Logic and its Proof-Theory, Applied Logic Series Volume 37, Springer, 2011, Pp. XIII+231. ISBN: 978-94-007-0001-7 (Hardcover) EURO 99,95, ISBN: 978-94-007-0002-4 (eBook) EURO 99,99. [REVIEW]Melvin Fitting - 2012 - Studia Logica 100 (5):1051-1053.
  10. The Logic of Time and Modality, Edd. Torben Braüner, Per Hasle and Peter Øhrstrøm,“Synthese” Volume 150, Number 3/June, 2006. [REVIEW]Marek Lechniak - 2007 - Roczniki Filozoficzne:309-315.
     
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  11. Kritiske Bemærkninger Til Artikel Af Henning Bergenholtz, Helle Dam Og Torben Henriksen.Rita Lenstrup - 1991 - Hermes 7:109-114.
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  12. Moving Pictures: A New Theory of Film Genres, Feelings, and Cognition.Torben Grodal - 1999 - Clarendon Press.
    Providing an alternative to pyschoanalytically based descriptions, this major study presents a unique, new theoretical account of the way emotions and thought patterns interact in creating aesthetic effects in films. Using diverse examples, Torben Grodal shows how films activate effects in the viewer and how these effects are moulded by genres which determine the way in which characters will react in given situations.
     
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  13. Vita: Life in a Zone of Social Abandonment.João Biehl & Torben Eskerod - 2013 - University of California Press.
    Zones of social abandonment are emerging everywhere in Brazil’s big cities—places like Vita, where the unwanted, the mentally ill, the sick, and the homeless are left to die. This haunting, unforgettable story centers on a young woman named Catarina, increasingly paralyzed and said to be mad, living out her time at Vita. Anthropologist João Biehl leads a detective-like journey to know Catarina; to unravel the cryptic, poetic words that are part of the “dictionary” she is compiling; and to trace the (...)
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  14. The Concept of Legal Competence: An Essay in Conceptual Analysis.Torben Spaak - 1994 - Dartmouth Pub. Co..
  15.  47
    Natural Deduction for First-Order Hybrid Logic.Torben BraÜner - 2005 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 14 (2):173-198.
    This is a companion paper to Braüner where a natural deduction system for propositional hybrid logic is given. In the present paper we generalize the system to the first-order case. Our natural deduction system for first-order hybrid logic can be extended with additional inference rules corresponding to conditions on the accessibility relations and the quantifier domains expressed by so-called geometric theories. We prove soundness and completeness and we prove a normalisation theorem. Moreover, we give an axiom system first-order hybrid logic.
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  16. Free Will and Determinism.On Free Will, Bio-Cultural Evolution Hans Fink, Niels Henrik Gregersen & Problem Torben Bo Jansen - 1991 - Zygon 26 (3):447.
  17.  6
    Realism About the Nature of Law.Torben Spaak - 2017 - Ratio Juris 30 (1):75-104.
    Legal realism comes in two main versions, namely American legal realism and Scandinavian legal realism. In this article, I shall be concerned with the Scandinavian realists, who were naturalists and non-cognitivists, and who maintained that conceptual analysis is a central task of legal philosophers, and that such analysis must proceed in a naturalist, anti-metaphysical spirit. Specifically, I want to consider the commitment to ontological naturalism and non-cognitivism on the part of the Scandinavians and its implications for their view of the (...)
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  18.  24
    Two Natural Deduction Systems for Hybrid Logic: A Comparison. [REVIEW]Torben Braüner - 2004 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 13 (1):1-23.
    In this paper two different natural deduction systems forhybrid logic are compared and contrasted.One of the systems was originally given by the author of the presentpaper whereasthe other system under consideration is a modifiedversion of a natural deductionsystem given by Jerry Seligman.We give translations in both directions between the systems,and moreover, we devise a set of reduction rules forthe latter system bytranslation of already known reduction rules for the former system.
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  19.  2
    Intuitionistic Hybrid Logic.Torben Braüner & Valeria de Paiva - 2006 - Journal of Applied Logic 4 (3):231-255.
    Hybrid logics are a principled generalization of both modal logics and description logics, a standard formalism for knowledge representation. In this paper we give the first constructive version of hybrid logic, thereby showing that it is possible to hybridize constructive modal logics. Alternative systems are discussed, but we fix on a reasonable and well-motivated version of intuitionistic hybrid logic and prove essential proof-theoretical results for a natural deduction formulation of it. Our natural deduction system is also extended with additional inference (...)
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  20.  6
    Willem Conradie and Valentin Goranko, Logic and Discrete Mathematics: A Concise Introduction. Wiley, 2015, Pp. 450. ISBN-13: 978-1-118-75127-5 $42, ISBN-10: 978-1-118-75127-2 $37.99. [REVIEW]Torben Braüner - 2018 - Studia Logica 106 (3):671-673.
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  21.  3
    Schauer's Anti‐Essentialism.Torben Spaak - 2016 - Ratio Juris 29 (2):182-214.
    In his new book, The Force of Law, Frederick Schauer maintains that law has no necessary properties, and that therefore jurisprudents should not assume that an inquiry into the nature of law has to be a search for such properties. I argue, however, that Schauer's attempt to show that legal anti-essentialism is a defensible position fails, because his one main argument is either irrelevant or else incomplete, depending on how one understands it, and because the other main argument is false.
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  22. Motivation's Pick-Me-Upper: Enhancing Performance Through Motivation-Enhancing Drugs.Keisha Shantel Ray - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (1):50-51.
    Torben Kjærsgaard’s argues that the term “cognitive enhancement substances” is an inappropriate term considering that stimulants do not enhance cognition, but rather only enhance motivation. Therefore, he concludes that stimulants are best described as “performance maintenance” and not “performance enhancement.” I challenge his conclusion on the grounds that both life’s ordinary, daily activities and life’s extraordinary activities are types of performances necessary for living the kinds of lives that we want to live, which can be enhanced, not just maintained, (...)
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  23.  72
    Modal Logic, Truth, and the Master Modality.Torben Braüner - 2002 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 31 (4):359-386.
    In the paper (Braüner, 2001) we gave a minimal condition for the existence of a homophonic theory of truth for a modal or tense logic. In the present paper we generalise this result to arbitrary modal logics and we also show that a modal logic permits the existence of a homophonic theory of truth if and only if it permits the definition of a socalled master modality. Moreover, we explore a connection between the master modality and hybrid logic: We show (...)
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  24. Vita: Life in a Zone of Social Abandonment.João Biehl & Torben Eskerod - 2005 - University of California Press.
    Zones of social abandonment are emerging everywhere in Brazil’s big cities—places like Vita, where the unwanted, the mentally ill, the sick, and the homeless are left to die. This haunting, unforgettable story centers on a young woman named Catarina, increasingly paralyzed and said to be mad, living out her time at Vita. Anthropologist João Biehl leads a detective-like journey to know Catarina; to unravel the cryptic, poetic words that are part of the “dictionary” she is compiling; and to trace the (...)
     
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  25. Nash Equilibrium with Lower Probabilities.Ebbe Groes, Hans Jørgen Jacobsen, Birgitte Sloth & Torben Tranaes - 1998 - Theory and Decision 44 (1):37-66.
    We generalize the concept of Nash equilibrium in mixed strategies for strategic form games to allow for ambiguity in the players' expectations. In contrast to other contributions, we model ambiguity by means of so-called lower probability measures or belief functions, which makes it possible to distinguish between a player's assessment of ambiguity and his attitude towards ambiguity. We also generalize the concept of trembling hand perfect equilibrium. Finally, we demonstrate that for certain attitudes towards ambiguity it is possible to explain (...)
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  26.  61
    Karl Olivecrona's Legal Philosophy. A Critical Appraisal.Torben Spaak - 2011 - Ratio Juris 24 (2):156-193.
    I argue in this article (i) that Karl Olivecrona's legal philosophy, especially the critique of the view that law has binding force, the analysis of the concept and function of a legal rule, and the idea that law is a matter of organized force, is a significant contribution to twentieth century legal philosophy. I also argue (ii) that Olivecrona fails to substantiate some of his most important empirical claims, and (iii) that the distinction espoused by Olivecrona between the truth and (...)
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  27.  9
    Realism About the Nature of Law.Torben Spaak - 2016 - Ratio Juris 29 (4).
    Legal realism comes in two main versions, namely American legal realism and Scandinavian legal realism. In this article, I shall be concerned with the Scandinavian realists, who were naturalists and non-cognitivists, and who maintained that conceptual analysis is a central task of legal philosophers, and that such analysis must proceed in a naturalist, anti-metaphysical spirit. Specifically, I want to consider the commitment to ontological naturalism and non-cognitivism on the part of the Scandinavians and its implications for their view of the (...)
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  28.  18
    Hybrid-Logical Reasoning in the Smarties and Sally-Anne Tasks.Torben Braüner - 2014 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 23 (4):415-439.
    The main aim of the present paper is to use a proof system for hybrid modal logic to formalize what are called false-belief tasks in cognitive psychology, thereby investigating the interplay between cognition and logical reasoning about belief. We consider two different versions of the Smarties task, involving respectively a shift of perspective to another person and to another time. Our formalizations disclose that despite this difference, the two versions of the Smarties task have exactly the same underlying logical structure. (...)
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  29.  9
    Alf Ross on the Concept of a Legal Right.Torben Spaak - 2014 - Ratio Juris 27 (4):461-476.
    In this article, I discuss Alf Ross's claim that the concept of a legal right is best understood as a technical tool of presentation, which ties together a disjunction of operative facts and a conjunction of legal consequences, and that rights statements render the content of a number of legal norms in a convenient manner. I argue that while Ross's analysis is appealing, it is problematic in at least three respects. I also argue, however, that despite these difficulties Ross's analysis (...)
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  30.  41
    Meta-Ethics and Legal Theory: The Case of Gustav Radbruch. [REVIEW]Torben Spaak - 2009 - Law and Philosophy 28 (3):261 - 290.
  31.  40
    Legal Positivism, Law's Normativity, and the Normative Force of Legal Justification.Torben Spaak - 2003 - Ratio Juris 16 (4):469-485.
    In this article, I distinguish between a moral and a strictly legal conception of legal normativity, and argue that legal positivists can account for law's normativity in the strictly legal but not in the moral sense, while pointing out that normativity in the former sense is of little interest, at least to lawyers. I add, however, that while the moral conception of law's normativity is to be preferred to the strictly legal conception from the rather narrow viewpoint of the study (...)
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  32.  15
    Norms That Confer Competence.Torben Spaak - 2003 - Ratio Juris 16 (1):89-104.
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  33.  19
    Proof-Theoretic Functional Completeness for the Hybrid Logics of Everywhere and Elsewhere.Torben Braüner - 2005 - Studia Logica 81 (2):191-226.
    A hybrid logic is obtained by adding to an ordinary modal logic further expressive power in the form of a second sort of propositional symbols called nominals and by adding so-called satisfaction operators. In this paper we consider hybridized versions of S5 (“the logic of everywhere”) and the modal logic of inequality (“the logic of elsewhere”). We give natural deduction systems for the logics and we prove functional completeness results.
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  34.  5
    Legal Positivism, Conventionalism, and the Normativity of Law.Torben Spaak - 2017 - Jurisprudence 9 (2):319-344.
    The aim of this article is to see whether we can account for the normativity of law within the framework of legal positivism and whether the idea of a social convention could be of help in this endeavour. I argue, inter alia, that we should distinguish between the problem of accounting for the normativity of law, conceived as a necessary property of law, and the problem of accounting for the use of normative legal language on the part of legal actors; (...)
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  35.  28
    Karl Olivecrona on Judicial Law-Making.Torben Spaak - 2009 - Ratio Juris 22 (4):483-498.
    The Scandinavian Realist Karl Olivecrona did not pay much attention to questions of legal reasoning in his many works. He did, however, argue that courts necessarily create law when deciding a case. The reason, he explained, is that judges must evaluate issues of fact or law in order to decide a case, and that evaluations are not objective. Olivecrona's line of argument is problematic, however. The problem is that Olivecrona uses the term "evaluation" in a sense that is broad enough (...)
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  36.  27
    The Leftist Fascination with Schmitt and the Esoteric Quality of `the Political'.Torben Bech Dyrberg - 2009 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 35 (6):649-669.
    The article looks critically at the Schmitt revival among radical leftists, how they try to insulate his work from his political conviction and make a problematic distinction between liberalism and democracy, which undercuts the specificity of modern democracy and plays into reactionary identity politics. I then turn to how Schmitt conceptualizes the political and argue that the structure of his argument is antithetic to modern democracy. Against those who hold that it is possible to use Schmitt against himself, I argue (...)
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  37.  36
    Relativism in Legal Thinking: Stanley Fish and the Concept of an Interpretative Community.Torben Spaak - 2008 - Ratio Juris 21 (1):157-171.
    Relativistic theories and arguments are fairly common in legal thinking. A case in point is Stanley Fish's theory of interpretation, which applies to statutes and constitutions as well as to novels and poems. Fish holds, inter alia, (i) that an interpretation of a statute, a poem, or some other text can be true or valid only in light of the interpretive strategies that define an interpretive community, and (ii) that no set of interpretive strategies (and therefore no interpretation) is truer (...)
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  38.  14
    Book Review: Brian Leiter, Naturalizing Jurisprudence. [REVIEW]Torben Spaak - 2008 - Theoria 74 (4):352-62.
  39.  29
    Axioms for Classical, Intuitionistic, and Paraconsistent Hybrid Logic.Torben Braüner - 2006 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 15 (3):179-194.
    In this paper we give axiom systems for classical and intuitionistic hybrid logic. Our axiom systems can be extended with additional rules corresponding to conditions on the accessibility relation expressed by so-called geometric theories. In the classical case other axiomatisations than ours can be found in the literature but in the intuitionistic case no axiomatisations have been published. We consider plain intuitionistic hybrid logic as well as a hybridized version of the constructive and paraconsistent logic N4.
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  40. Review. [REVIEW]Torben Spaak - 2008 - Theoria 74 (4):352-362.
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  41.  5
    Black Cats, Dark Rooms, and Paper Tigers: A Reply to Petric and Grodal.Warren Buckland - 2001 - Film-Philosophy 5 (1).
    Mirko Petric 'Both Semiotics and Cognitivism?' _Film-Philosophy_, vol. 5 no. 11, April 2001 Torben Grodal 'Old Wine in Old Bottles' _Film-Philosophy_, vol. 5 no. 12, April 2001.
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  42.  2
    Achieving Quality in Social Reporting: The Role of Surveys in Stakeholder Consultation.Charles Jackson & Torben Bundgard - 2002 - Business Ethics 11 (3):253–259.
  43.  54
    Naturalizing Jurisprudence – by Brian Leiter.Torben Spaak - 2008 - Theoria 74 (4):352-362.
  44. Review of Rex Martin, a System of Rights. [REVIEW]Torben Spaak - 1995 - Theoria 61 (1):80-94.
     
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  45.  16
    How Can We Learn Leadership? The Vision of the Europe-Wide University.Natalia Kobza, Torben Schaefer, Robert Glawar & Dietrich Brandt - 2016 - AI and Society 31 (3):413-429.
  46.  40
    Correction to FOIL Axiomatized Studia Logica , 84:1–22, 2006.Melvin Fitting - 2007 - Studia Logica 85 (2):275 -.
    There is an error in the completeness proof for the {λ, =} part of FOIL-K. The error occurs in Section 4, in the text following the proof of Corollary 4.7, and concerns the definition of the interpretation I on relation symbols. Before this point in the paper, for each object variable v an equivalence class v has been defined, and for each intension variable f a function f has been defined. Then the following definition is given for a relation symbol (...)
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  47.  41
    Testing the Intransitivity Explanation of the Allais Paradox.Ebbe Groes, Hans JØrgen Jacobsen, Birgitte Sloth & Torben Tranæs - 1999 - Theory and Decision 47 (3):229-245.
    This paper uses a two-dimensional version of a standard common consequence experiment to test the intransitivity explanation of Allais-paradox-type violations of expected utility theory. We compare the common consequence effect of two choice problems differing only with respect to whether alternatives are statistically correlated or independent. We framed the experiment so that intransitive preferences could explain violating behavior when alternatives are independent, but not when they are correlated. We found the same pattern of violation in the two cases. This is (...)
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  48.  15
    Critical Proximity as a Methodological Move in Techno-Anthropology.Andreas Birkbak, Morten Krogh Petersen & Torben Elgaard Jensen - 2015 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 19 (2):266-290.
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  49.  20
    The Burden of the Asburd: Camus on the Problem of Suicide.Torben Wolfs - 2010 - Bijdragen 71 (1):65-84.
    In Le mythe de Sisyphe Camus deals with the problem of suicide because of the absurdity of life. He sees people committing suicide because they think life, being absurd, is no longer worthwhile. But does the absurdity of life imply that life is not worthwhile? He argues this is not the case. The logic of the absurd leads to revolt, freedom and passion for life. These make life worthwhile. So suicide is not the conclusion of the logic of the absurd. (...)
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  50.  46
    Guidance and Constraint: The Action-Guiding Capacity of Neil MacCormick's Theory of Legal Reasoning. [REVIEW]Torben Spaak - 2007 - Law and Philosophy 26 (4):343-376.
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