Results for 'Torben Tranaes'

107 found
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  1. Nash Equilibrium with Lower Probabilities.Ebbe Groes, Hans Jørgen Jacobsen, Birgitte Sloth & Torben Tranaes - 1998 - Theory and Decision 44 (1):37-66.
    We generalize the concept of Nash equilibrium in mixed strategies for strategic form games to allow for ambiguity in the players' expectations. In contrast to other contributions, we model ambiguity by means of so-called lower probability measures or belief functions, which makes it possible to distinguish between a player's assessment of ambiguity and his attitude towards ambiguity. We also generalize the concept of trembling hand perfect equilibrium. Finally, we demonstrate that for certain attitudes towards ambiguity it is possible to explain (...)
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  2. Torben Braüner, Per Hasle and Peter Øhrstrøm/Preface Patrick Blackburn/Arthur Prior and Hybrid Logic B. Jack Copeland/Meredith, Prior, and the History of Possible Worlds Semantics.Torben Braüner - 2006 - Synthese 150 (1):509-510.
     
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  3.  12
    Dopamine and Cognitive Control in Prefrontal Cortex.Torben Ott & Andreas Nieder - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (3):213-234.
  4. Moving Pictures: A New Theory of Film Genres, Feelings, and Cognition.Torben Grodal - 1999 - Clarendon Press.
    Providing an alternative to pyschoanalytically based descriptions, this major study presents a unique, new theoretical account of the way emotions and thought patterns interact in creating aesthetic effects in films. Using diverse examples, Torben Grodal shows how films activate effects in the viewer and how these effects are moulded by genres which determine the way in which characters will react in given situations.
     
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  5.  17
    Foucault on Parrhesia.Torben Bech Dyrberg - 2016 - Political Theory 44 (2):265-288.
    Foucault’s discussions of parrhesia provide fertile ground for raising a number of classical and pertinent issues in political theory related to critique, citizenship, and political authority. Foucault situates parrhesia in his analytical grid of power/knowledge/ethics, which maps political participation and experience, and he looks at how those who pursue or contest political power articulate and integrate these three facets of politics, which might well pull in opposite directions. Power concerns the ability and the audacity to face up to important political (...)
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  6.  2
    Referential-Semantic Analysis: Aspects of a Theory of Linguistic Reference.Torben Thrane - 1980 - Cambridge University Press.
    Dr Thrane makes an original contribution to one of the central topics in syntax and semantics: the nature and mechanisms of reference in natural language. He makes a fundamental distinction between syntactic analyses that are internal to the structure of a language and analyses of the referential properties that connect a language with the 'outside world' - and therefore derive in some sense from common human capacities for perceptual discrimination. Dr Thrane argues that the failure to make this distinction and (...)
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  7.  3
    The Concept of Legal Competence: An Essay in Conceptual Analysis.Torben Spaak - 1994 - Dartmouth Pub. Co..
    Explains the concept of legal competence (or power). This book then discusses the analysis and definition of legal concepts in general; the relation between the concept of competence and (in)validity; what it means to exercise competence; different types of competence; and competence norms.
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  8.  63
    Natural Deduction for First-Order Hybrid Logic.Torben BraÜner - 2005 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 14 (2):173-198.
    This is a companion paper to Braüner where a natural deduction system for propositional hybrid logic is given. In the present paper we generalize the system to the first-order case. Our natural deduction system for first-order hybrid logic can be extended with additional inference rules corresponding to conditions on the accessibility relations and the quantifier domains expressed by so-called geometric theories. We prove soundness and completeness and we prove a normalisation theorem. Moreover, we give an axiom system first-order hybrid logic.
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  9.  1
    Vita: Life in a Zone of Social Abandonment.João Biehl & Torben Eskerod - 2005 - University of California Press.
    Zones of social abandonment are emerging everywhere in Brazil’s big cities—places like Vita, where the unwanted, the mentally ill, the sick, and the homeless are left to die. This haunting, unforgettable story centers on a young woman named Catarina, increasingly paralyzed and said to be mad, living out her time at Vita. Anthropologist João Biehl leads a detective-like journey to know Catarina; to unravel the cryptic, poetic words that are part of the “dictionary” she is compiling; and to trace the (...)
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  10.  48
    Hybrid-Logical Reasoning in the Smarties and Sally-Anne Tasks.Torben Braüner - 2014 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 23 (4):415-439.
    The main aim of the present paper is to use a proof system for hybrid modal logic to formalize what are called false-belief tasks in cognitive psychology, thereby investigating the interplay between cognition and logical reasoning about belief. We consider two different versions of the Smarties task, involving respectively a shift of perspective to another person and to another time. Our formalizations disclose that despite this difference, the two versions of the Smarties task have exactly the same underlying logical structure. (...)
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  11.  32
    The Leftist Fascination with Schmitt and the Esoteric Quality of `the Political'.Torben Bech Dyrberg - 2009 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 35 (6):649-669.
    The article looks critically at the Schmitt revival among radical leftists, how they try to insulate his work from his political conviction and make a problematic distinction between liberalism and democracy, which undercuts the specificity of modern democracy and plays into reactionary identity politics. I then turn to how Schmitt conceptualizes the political and argue that the structure of his argument is antithetic to modern democracy. Against those who hold that it is possible to use Schmitt against himself, I argue (...)
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  12. Modal Logic, Truth, and the Master Modality.Torben Braüner - 2002 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 31 (4):359-386.
    In the paper (Braüner, 2001) we gave a minimal condition for the existence of a homophonic theory of truth for a modal or tense logic. In the present paper we generalise this result to arbitrary modal logics and we also show that a modal logic permits the existence of a homophonic theory of truth if and only if it permits the definition of a socalled master modality. Moreover, we explore a connection between the master modality and hybrid logic: We show (...)
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  13.  25
    Intuitionistic Hybrid Logic.Torben Braüner & Valeria de Paiva - 2006 - Journal of Applied Logic 4 (3):231-255.
    Hybrid logics are a principled generalization of both modal logics and description logics, a standard formalism for knowledge representation. In this paper we give the first constructive version of hybrid logic, thereby showing that it is possible to hybridize constructive modal logics. Alternative systems are discussed, but we fix on a reasonable and well-motivated version of intuitionistic hybrid logic and prove essential proof-theoretical results for a natural deduction formulation of it. Our natural deduction system is also extended with additional inference (...)
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  14.  42
    Two Natural Deduction Systems for Hybrid Logic: A Comparison. [REVIEW]Torben Braüner - 2004 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 13 (1):1-23.
    In this paper two different natural deduction systems forhybrid logic are compared and contrasted.One of the systems was originally given by the author of the presentpaper whereasthe other system under consideration is a modifiedversion of a natural deductionsystem given by Jerry Seligman.We give translations in both directions between the systems,and moreover, we devise a set of reduction rules forthe latter system bytranslation of already known reduction rules for the former system.
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  15.  9
    Being Deceived: Information Asymmetry in Second‐Order False Belief Tasks.Torben Braüner, Patrick Blackburn & Irina Polyanskaya - 2020 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (2):504-534.
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  16.  65
    Karl Olivecrona's Legal Philosophy. A Critical Appraisal.Torben Spaak - 2011 - Ratio Juris 24 (2):156-193.
    I argue in this article (i) that Karl Olivecrona's legal philosophy, especially the critique of the view that law has binding force, the analysis of the concept and function of a legal rule, and the idea that law is a matter of organized force, is a significant contribution to twentieth century legal philosophy. I also argue (ii) that Olivecrona fails to substantiate some of his most important empirical claims, and (iii) that the distinction espoused by Olivecrona between the truth and (...)
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  17.  70
    Legal Positivism, Law's Normativity, and the Normative Force of Legal Justification.Torben Spaak - 2003 - Ratio Juris 16 (4):469-485.
    In this article, I distinguish between a moral and a strictly legal conception of legal normativity, and argue that legal positivists can account for law's normativity in the strictly legal but not in the moral sense, while pointing out that normativity in the former sense is of little interest, at least to lawyers. I add, however, that while the moral conception of law's normativity is to be preferred to the strictly legal conception from the rather narrow viewpoint of the study (...)
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  18.  16
    Alf Ross on the Concept of a Legal Right.Torben Spaak - 2014 - Ratio Juris 27 (4):461-476.
    In this article, I discuss Alf Ross's claim that the concept of a legal right is best understood as a technical tool of presentation, which ties together a disjunction of operative facts and a conjunction of legal consequences, and that rights statements render the content of a number of legal norms in a convenient manner. I argue that while Ross's analysis is appealing, it is problematic in at least three respects. I also argue, however, that despite these difficulties Ross's analysis (...)
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  19.  49
    Meta-Ethics and Legal Theory: The Case of Gustav Radbruch. [REVIEW]Torben Spaak - 2009 - Law and Philosophy 28 (3):261 - 290.
  20.  13
    Realism About the Nature of Law.Torben Spaak - 2017 - Ratio Juris 30 (1):75-104.
    Legal realism comes in two main versions, namely American legal realism and Scandinavian legal realism. In this article, I shall be concerned with the Scandinavian realists, who were naturalists and non-cognitivists, and who maintained that conceptual analysis is a central task of legal philosophers, and that such analysis must proceed in a naturalist, anti-metaphysical spirit. Specifically, I want to consider the commitment to ontological naturalism and non-cognitivism on the part of the Scandinavians and its implications for their view of the (...)
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  21.  7
    The Canberra Plan and the Nature of Law.Torben Spaak - 2016 - In Pawel Banas, Adam Dyrda & Tomasz Gizbert-Studnicki (eds.), Metaphilosophy of Law.
    In this article, I shall consider a method for conceptual analysis which has been called the Canberra Plan and which might perhaps be conceived as an alternative approach to conceptual analysis in the classical sense. The Canberra Plan is not, however, aimed primarily at the elucidation of the relevant concept, but at the metaphysical question of identifying the descriptive property that corresponds to the concept.[1] The idea of the Canberra Plan is, more specifically, to clarify the import of the concept (...)
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  22.  33
    Norms That Confer Competence.Torben Spaak - 2003 - Ratio Juris 16 (1):89-104.
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  23.  26
    Realism About the Nature of Law.Torben Spaak - 2016 - Ratio Juris 29 (4).
    Legal realism comes in two main versions, namely American legal realism and Scandinavian legal realism. In this article, I shall be concerned with the Scandinavian realists, who were naturalists and non-cognitivists, and who maintained that conceptual analysis is a central task of legal philosophers, and that such analysis must proceed in a naturalist, anti-metaphysical spirit. Specifically, I want to consider the commitment to ontological naturalism and non-cognitivism on the part of the Scandinavians and its implications for their view of the (...)
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  24.  17
    Schauer's Anti‐Essentialism.Torben Spaak - 2016 - Ratio Juris 29 (2):182-214.
    In his new book, The Force of Law, Frederick Schauer maintains that law has no necessary properties, and that therefore jurisprudents should not assume that an inquiry into the nature of law has to be a search for such properties. I argue, however, that Schauer's attempt to show that legal anti-essentialism is a defensible position fails, because his one main argument is either irrelevant or else incomplete, depending on how one understands it, and because the other main argument is false.
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  25. Book Review: The First Day of the New Creation: The Resurrection and Christian Faith. [REVIEW]Mary Ann De Trana - 1985 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 39 (2):200-200.
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  26. Youare Sitting in a Cafe on a Tuesday Afternoon. People Are Seated in Small Groups, Chatting, Drinking, Smoking, Eating. In The. [REVIEW]Torben Sangild - 2004 - In Christopher Washburne & Maiken Derno (eds.), Bad Music: The Music We Love to Hate. Routledge. pp. 257.
     
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  27.  78
    Naturalizing Jurisprudence – by Brian Leiter.Torben Spaak - 2008 - Theoria 74 (4):352-362.
  28.  47
    Karl Olivecrona on Judicial Law-Making.Torben Spaak - 2009 - Ratio Juris 22 (4):483-498.
    The Scandinavian Realist Karl Olivecrona did not pay much attention to questions of legal reasoning in his many works. He did, however, argue that courts necessarily create law when deciding a case. The reason, he explained, is that judges must evaluate issues of fact or law in order to decide a case, and that evaluations are not objective. Olivecrona's line of argument is problematic, however. The problem is that Olivecrona uses the term "evaluation" in a sense that is broad enough (...)
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  29.  36
    Book Review: Brian Leiter, Naturalizing Jurisprudence. [REVIEW]Torben Spaak - 2008 - Theoria 74 (4):352-62.
  30.  1
    „Law's Normativity and Legal Justification “.Torben Spaak - 2003 - Ratio Juris 16 (4):469-485.
  31.  66
    Axioms for Classical, Intuitionistic, and Paraconsistent Hybrid Logic.Torben Braüner - 2006 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 15 (3):179-194.
    In this paper we give axiom systems for classical and intuitionistic hybrid logic. Our axiom systems can be extended with additional rules corresponding to conditions on the accessibility relation expressed by so-called geometric theories. In the classical case other axiomatisations than ours can be found in the literature but in the intuitionistic case no axiomatisations have been published. We consider plain intuitionistic hybrid logic as well as a hybridized version of the constructive and paraconsistent logic N4.
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  32.  34
    Proof-Theoretic Functional Completeness for the Hybrid Logics of Everywhere and Elsewhere.Torben Braüner - 2005 - Studia Logica 81 (2):191-226.
    A hybrid logic is obtained by adding to an ordinary modal logic further expressive power in the form of a second sort of propositional symbols called nominals and by adding so-called satisfaction operators. In this paper we consider hybridized versions of S5 (“the logic of everywhere”) and the modal logic of inequality (“the logic of elsewhere”). We give natural deduction systems for the logics and we prove functional completeness results.
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  33.  7
    Contributions to an intercultural philosophy from a critical reviene of the Mapuche concept of ‘Rakiduam’.Torben Albertsen & Lorena Zuchel - 2019 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 43:69-85.
    Resumen El propósito de este artículo es introducir al concepto de rakiduam del pueblo mapuche como término relevante para la revisión crítica de una filosofía intercultural. Se propone este término como parte de un diálogo de racionalidades con el que se pretende, como segundo objetivo, vincular el conocimiento de este horizonte-otro con el reconocimiento de nuestros propios horizontes y límites de comprensión, desde dentro de la tradición de la filosofía occidental, y además, en diálogo con la antropología.The purpose of this (...)
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  34. Udforskningen af det danske sprog fra 1800.Torben Arboe - 2009 - In Ole Hã¸Iris & Thomas Ledet (eds.), Modernitetens Verden: Tiden, Videnskab, Historien Og Kunst. Aarhus Universitetsforlag. pp. 349.
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  35.  14
    Torben Braüner, Hybrid Logic and its Proof-Theory, Applied Logic Series Volume 37, Springer, 2011, Pp. XIII+231. ISBN: 978-94-007-0001-7 (Hardcover) EURO 99,95, ISBN: 978-94-007-0002-4 (eBook) EURO 99,99. [REVIEW]Melvin Fitting - 2012 - Studia Logica 100 (5):1051-1053.
  36. Glitch, the Beauty of Malfunction.Torben Sangild - 2004 - In Christopher Washburne & Maiken Derno (eds.), Bad Music: The Music We Love to Hate. Routledge.
     
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  37.  7
    Animal Law : Human Duties or Animal Rights?Torben Spaak - 2021 - In Lydia Lundstedt (ed.), Animal Law and Animal Rights.
    In my view, the moral case for giving animals legal protection is strong. This is so whether or not we think of animals as having moral rights, such as a right to be cared for, or at least a right not to be harmed, because even if animals do not have moral rights, humans have moral duties toward animals, such as a general duty not to harm animals, say, by performing experiments on them, or raising them for food, or having (...)
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  38.  25
    Review of Natural Law and Modern Moral Philosophy (Ellen Frankel Paul Et Al Eds.). [REVIEW]Torben Spaak - forthcoming - Theoria.
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  39.  26
    The Democratic Ideology of Right–Left and Public Reason in Relation to Rawls's Political Liberalism.Torben Bech Dyrberg - 2005 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 8 (2):161-176.
    This article aims to outline a perspective on democratic ideology centred on orientation and justification, which is discussed in relation to the right?left dyad and public reason. Ideology is approached in terms of the orientational structuring of identification processes, which is discussed in relation to the articulation between four pairs of orientational metaphors (up?down, in?out, front?back and right?left), which shape the political terrain and the terms of political justification. The latter is expressed in public reason based on political equality, pluralism (...)
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  40.  53
    Relativism in Legal Thinking: Stanley Fish and the Concept of an Interpretative Community.Torben Spaak - 2008 - Ratio Juris 21 (1):157-171.
    Relativistic theories and arguments are fairly common in legal thinking. A case in point is Stanley Fish's theory of interpretation, which applies to statutes and constitutions as well as to novels and poems. Fish holds, inter alia, (i) that an interpretation of a statute, a poem, or some other text can be true or valid only in light of the interpretive strategies that define an interpretive community, and (ii) that no set of interpretive strategies (and therefore no interpretation) is truer (...)
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  41.  6
    Karl Olivecrona on Judicial Law‐Making.Torben Spaak - 2009 - Ratio Juris 22 (4):483-498.
    The Scandinavian Realist Karl Olivecrona did not pay much attention to questions of legal reasoning in his many works. He did, however, argue that courts necessarily create law when deciding a case. The reason, he explained, is that judges must evaluate issues of fact or law in order to decide a case, and that evaluations are not objective. Olivecrona's line of argument is problematic, however. The problem is that Olivecrona uses the term “evaluation” in a sense that is broad enough (...)
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  42.  3
    Functional Completenes for a Natural Deduction Formulation of Hybridized S5.Torben Braüner - 2003 - In Philippe Balbiani, Nobu-Yuki Suzuki, Frank Wolter & Michael Zakharyaschev (eds.), Advances in Modal Logic, Volume 4. CSLI Publications. pp. 31-49.
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  43. Review of Rex Martin, a System of Rights. [REVIEW]Torben Spaak - 1995 - Theoria 61 (1):80-94.
     
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  44. Nominaler, nominaliseringer og semantisk kompleksitet.Torben Thrane - 1998 - Hermes 21:39-66.
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  45. Sikke et ord.Torben Thrane - 2001 - Hermes 27:85-137.
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  46. The Grammars Of'seem'.Torben Thrane - 1996 - Hermes 16:177-200.
     
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  47. Levinas, Euthanasia and the Presence of Non-Sense.Torben Wolfs - 2008 - In Roger Burggraeve (ed.), The Awakening to the Other: A Provocative Dialogue with Emmanuel Levinas. Peeters.
     
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  48.  2
    Oceanography: The PastMary Sears Daniel Merriman.Torben Wolff - 1982 - Isis 73 (3):454-455.
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  49. Schopenhauer Lezen.Torben Wolfs (ed.) - 2010 - Garant.
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  50.  59
    The Burden of the Asburd: Camus on the Problem of Suicide.Torben Wolfs - 2010 - Bijdragen 71 (1):65-84.
    In Le mythe de Sisyphe Camus deals with the problem of suicide because of the absurdity of life. He sees people committing suicide because they think life, being absurd, is no longer worthwhile. But does the absurdity of life imply that life is not worthwhile? He argues this is not the case. The logic of the absurd leads to revolt, freedom and passion for life. These make life worthwhile. So suicide is not the conclusion of the logic of the absurd. (...)
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