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Torbjörn Tännsjö
Stockholm University
  1.  2
    The Repugnant Conclusion.Gustaf Arrhenius, Jesper Ryberg & Torbjörn Tännsjö - 2017 - In Edward N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Metaphysics Research Lab, Stanford University.
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  2.  91
    Genetic Technology and Sport: Ethical Questions.Claudio Tamburrini & Torbjörn Tännsjö (eds.) - 2005 - Routledge.
    For elite athletes seeking a winning advantage, manipulation of their own genetic code has become a realistic possibility. In Genetic Technology and Sport, experts from sports science, genetics, philosophy, ethics, and international sports administration describe the potential applications of the new technology and debate the questions surrounding its use.
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  3.  10
    Why Derek Parfit Had Reasons to Accept the Repugnant Conclusion.Torbjörn Tännsjö - forthcoming - Utilitas:1-11.
    Total views imply what Derek Parfit has called ‘the repugnant conclusion’. There are several strategies aimed at debunking the intuition that this implication is repugnant. In particular, it goes away when we consider the principle of unrestricted instantiation, according to which any instantiation of the repugnant conclusion must appear repugnant if we should be warranted in relying on it as evidence against total theories. However, there are instantiations of the conclusion where it doesn't seem to be at all repugnant. Hence (...)
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  4. Chinese and Westerners Respond Differently to the Trolley Dilemmas.Henrik Ahlenius & Torbjörn Tännsjö - 2012 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 12 (3-4):195-201.
    A set of moral problems known as The Trolley Dilemmas was presented to 3000 randomly selected inhabitants of the USA, Russia and China. It is shown that Chinese are significantly less prone to support utility-maximizing alternatives, as compared to the US and Russian respondents. A number of possible explanations, as well as methodological issues pertaining to the field of surveying moral judgment and moral disagreement, are discussed.
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  5. Why We Ought to Accept the Repugnant Conclusion.Torbjorn Tannsjo - 2002 - Utilitas 14 (3):339.
    Derek Parfit has famously pointed out that ‘total’ utilitarian views, such as classical hedonistic utilitarianism, lead to the conclusion that, to each population of quite happy persons there corresponds a more extensive population with people living lives just worth living, which is better. In particular, for any possible population of at least ten billion people, all with a very high quality of life, there must be some much larger imaginable population whose existence, if other things are equal, would be better, (...)
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  6.  34
    Taking Life: Three Theories on the Ethics of Killing.Torbjorn Tannsjo - 2015 - Oxford University Press USA.
    When and why is it right to kill? When and why is it wrong? Torbjörn Tännsjö examines three theories on the ethics of killing in this book: deontology, a libertarian moral rights theory, and utilitarianism. The implications of each theory are worked out for different kinds of killing: trolley-cases, murder, capital punishment, suicide, assisted death, abortion, killing in war, and the killing of animals. These implications are confronted with our intuitions in relation to them, and our moral intuitions are examined (...)
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  7.  28
    Hedonistic Utilitarianism.Earl Conee & Torbjorn Tannsjo - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (3):428.
    This is a wide-ranging defense of a distinctive version of hedonistic act utilitarianism. It is plainly written, forthright, and stimulating. Also, it is replete with disputable assertions and arguments. I shall pursue one issue here, after sketching the project of each substantial chapter.
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  8.  99
    The Repugnant Conclusion.Jesper Ryberg, Torbjörn Tännsjö & Gustaf Arrhenius - 2006 - The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Online; Last Accessed October 4:2006.
  9.  48
    Coercive Care: The Ethics of Choice in Health and Medicine.Torbjorn Tannsjo - 1999 - Routledge.
    Coercive Care: The Ethics of Choice in Health and Medicine asks probing and challenging questions regarding the use of coercion in health care and social services. This book combines philosophical analysis with comparative studies of social policy and law in a large number of industrialized countries and proposes an ideal of judicial security on a global scale.
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  10. Against Sexual Discrimination in Sports.Torbjorn Tannsjo - 2007 - In William J. Morgan (ed.), Ethics in Sport. Human Kinetics. pp. 347.
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  11. Moral Relativism.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 2007 - Philosophical Studies 135 (2):123-143.
    Moral relativism comes in many varieties. One is a moral doctrine, according to which we ought to respect other cultures, and allow them to solve moral problems as they see fit. I will say nothing about this kind of moral relativism in the present context. Another kind of moral relativism is semantic moral relativism, according to which, when we pass moral judgements, we make an implicit reference to some system of morality (our own). According to this kind of moral relativism, (...)
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  12. Applied Ethics. A Defence.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 2011 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (4):397-406.
    Given a reasonable coherentist view of justification in ethics, applied ethics, as here conceived of, cannot only guide us, in our practical decisions, but also provide moral understanding through explanation of our moral obligations. Furthermore, applied ethics can contribute to the growth of knowledge in ethics as such. We put moral hypotheses to crucial test in individual cases. This claim is defended against the challenges from moral intuitionism and particularism.
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  13. On Deviant Causal Chains - No Need for a General Criterion.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 2009 - Analysis 69 (3):469-473.
    Donald Davidson brought to our attention deviant causal chains as a problem for causal theories of action. Consider Davidson's own example: " A climber might want to rid himself of the weight and danger of holding another man on a rope, and he might know that by loosening his hold on the rope he could rid himself of the weight and danger. This belief and want might so unnerve him as to cause him to loosen his hold, and yet it (...)
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  14.  83
    The Myth of Innocence: On Collective Responsibility and Collective Punishment.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 2007 - Philosophical Papers 36 (2):295-314.
    Collectivities, just like individuals, exist, can act, bear responsibility for their acts and omissions, and be guilty. It sometimes makes sense to hold them responsible for what they do, or don't do, and to punish them for their misdeeds. With respect to many collectivities there is no practical purpose in holding them responsible, since there is no way that we can bring them to justice. But there are exceptions from this rule. In particular it is plausible to assume that sanctions (...)
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  15. Ought We to Enhance Our Cognitive Capacities? 1.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (7):421-432.
    Ought we to improve our cognitive capacities beyond the normal human range? It might be a good idea to level out differences between peoples cognitive capacities; and some people's reaching beyond normal capacities may have some good side-effects on society at large (but also bad side-effects, of course). But is there any direct gain to be made from having ones cognitive capacities enhanced? Would this as such make our lives go better? No, I argue; or at least there doesn't seem (...)
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  16.  59
    The Morality of Collective Actions.Torbjorn Tannsjo - 1989 - Philosophical Quarterly 39 (155):221-228.
  17.  20
    Context-Dependent Preferences and the Right to Forgo Life-Saving Treatments.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 2015 - Social Theory and Practice 41 (4):716-733.
    A member of Jehovah’s Witnesses agreed to receive blood when alone, but rejected it once the elders were present. She insisted that the elders should stay, they were allowed to do so, and she bled to death. Was it all right to allow her to have the elders present when she made her final decision? Was it all right to allow her to bleed to death? It was, according to an anti-paternalist principle, which I have earlier defended on purely utilitarian (...)
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  18. Why Should We Respect the Privacy of Donors of Biological Material?Torbjörn Tännsjö - 2011 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (1):43-52.
    Why should we respect the privacy of donors of biological material? The question is answered in the present article in general philosophical terms from the point of view of an ethics of honour, a libertarian theory of rights, a view of respect for privacy based on the idea that autonomy is of value in itself, and utilitarianism respectively. For different reasons the ethics of honour and the idea of the value of autonomy are set to one side. It surfaces that (...)
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  19.  11
    15 The Genetic Design of a New Amazon.Claudia Tamburrini & Torbjorn Tannsjo - 2005 - In Claudio Marcello Tamburrini & Torbjörn Tännsjö (eds.), Genetic Technology and Sport: Ethical Questions. Routledge. pp. 181.
  20.  23
    Global Democracy and the Resort to Despotism: Global Democracy Revisited.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 2019 - Philosophical Papers 48 (1):83-101.
    There exist existential global problems we cannot solve unless we resort to a world government. It is desirable that such a government can be held responsible by a democratically elected wo...
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  21.  47
    Is Our Admiration for Sports Heroes Fascistoid?Törbjörn Tännsjö - 1998 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 25 (1):23-34.
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  22.  43
    Blameless Wrongdoing.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 1995 - Ethics 106 (1):120-127.
  23. Coercive Care: Ethics of Choice in Health & Medicine.Torbjorn Tannsjo - 1999 - Routledge.
    Coercive Care asks probing and challenging questions regarding the use of coercion in health care and the social services. The book combines philosophical analysis with comparative studies of social policy and law in a large number of industrialized countries.
     
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  24. Future People, the All Affected Principle, and the Limits of the Aggregation: Model of Democracy.”.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 2007 - In J. Josefsson D. Egonsson (ed.), Hommage à Wlodek. Philosophical Papers Dedicated to Wlodek Rabinowicz.
  25.  58
    Utilitarianism or Prioritarianism?Torbjörn Tännsjö - 2015 - Utilitas 27 (2):240-250.
    A simple hedonistic theory allowing for interpersonal comparisons of happiness is taken for granted in this article. The hedonistic theory is used to compare utilitarianism, urging us to maximize the sum total of happiness, with prioritarianism, urging us to maximize a sum total of weighed happiness. It is argued with reference to a few thought experiments that utilitarianism is, intuitively speaking, more plausible than prioritarianism. The problem with prioritarianism surfaces when prudence and morality come apart.
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  26. Moral Conflict and Moral Realism.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 1985 - Journal of Philosophy 82 (3):113-117.
    There are genuine moral conflicts. sometimes by doing what we ought to do we do what we ought not to do. "pace" bernard williams the existence of such conflicts is compatible with the truth of moral realism. we realize this when we understand that ascriptions of rightness, wrongness, and obligatoriness are "de re" rather than "de dicto".
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  27.  3
    From Dawn Till Dusk. Bioethical Insights Into the Beginning and the End of Life.Torbjörn Tännsjö - forthcoming - Bioethics.
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  28. Egalitarianism and the Putative Paradoxes of Population Ethics.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 2008 - Utilitas 20 (2):187-198.
    The repugnant conclusion is acceptable from the point of view of total utilitarianism. Total utilitarians do not seem to be bothered with it. They feel that it is in no way repugnant. To me, a hard-nosed total utilitarian, this settles the case. However, if, sometimes, I doubt that total utilitarianism has the final say in ethics, and tend to think that there may be something to some objection to it or another, it is the objection to it brought forward from (...)
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  29.  20
    Metaphysics and Morality.Torbjorn Tannsjo - 1998 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 41 (3):355-359.
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  30.  50
    In Defence of Theory in Ethics.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 1995 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):571 - 593.
    Particularism is in vogue in ethics today. Particularism is sometimes described as the idea that what is a sufficient moral reason in one situation need not be a sufficient moral reason in another situation. Indeed, it has been held, on particularism, what is a reason for an action in one situation might be a reason against the same type of action, or might not be a reason at all, in another situation. However, this description is insufficient. Even a generalist, such (...)
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  31. Medical Enhancement and the Ethos of Elite Sport.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 2010 - In Julian Savulescu & Nick Bostrom (eds.), Human Enhancement. Oxford University Press.
     
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  32.  32
    Utilitarianism and Informed Consent.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (7):445-445.
    Being targeted by Nir Eyal's ingenious argument,1 I am pleased to have the opportunity to respond. It is fairly obvious that my utilitarian argument accomplishes what it is supposed to accomplish, namely a defence of the idea that the notion of informed consent should take roughly the form it takes in Western medicine. But does it fly in the face of commonsense moral thinking? I will argue that it does not.My argument is based on hedonistic utilitarianism.2 This means that it (...)
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  33.  4
    The Repugnant Conclusion: Essays on Population Ethics.Torbjörn Tännsjö & Jesper Ryberg (eds.) - 2004 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  34. Should We Change the Human Genome?Torbjörn Tännsjö - 1993 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (3).
    Should we change the human genome? The most general arguments against changing the human genome are here in focus. Distinctions are made between positive and negative gene therapy, between germ-line and somatic therapy, and between therapy where the intention is to benefit a particular individual (a future child) and where the intention is to benefit the human gene-pool.Some standard arguments against gene-therapy are dismissed. Negative somatic therapy is not controversial. Even negative, germ-line therapy is endorsed, if the intention is to (...)
     
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  35.  26
    Who Are the Beneficiaries?Torbjörn Tännsjö - 1992 - Bioethics 6 (4):288–296.
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  36.  21
    Compulsory Sterilisation in Sweden.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 1998 - Bioethics 12 (3):236–249.
  37.  34
    Consequentialism and Free Will.Maria Svedberg & Torbjörn Tännsjö - 2017 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 24:23-41.
    Many moral theories incorporate the idea that when an action is wrong, it is wrong because that there was something else that the agent could and should have done instead. Most notable among these are consequentialist theories. According to consequentialism an action A is wrong if and only if there was another action B that the agent could have performed such that, if the agent had performed B instead of A, the consequences would have been better. Relatively little attention has (...)
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  38.  57
    The Moral Significance of Moral Realism.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 1988 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 26 (2):247-261.
    Moral realism does not imply any interesting moral statements. However, There are pragmatic consequences of our acceptance of moral realism. If we accept moral realism we have good reasons to be concerned about moral arguments, And we are able to account for moral fallibility. If, On the other hand, We accept moral irrealism, A concern for moral arguments and moral consistency seems completely arbitrary, And we have difficulties to account for moral fallibility. We may even come to think, When accepting (...)
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  39.  32
    Rational Injustice.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 2006 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 36 (4):423-439.
    Different attempts have been made to answer Reich’s question of why the majority of those who are hungry don’t steal and why the majority of those who are exploited don’t strike. The two most influential approaches have been the ideological one and the gunman theory. The gunman theory seems to have the upper hand. However, there are cases where oppression takes place in the absence of any gunman. The usual example is the democratic welfare state. We can conceive of such (...)
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  40.  27
    Soft Determinism and How We Become Responsible for the Past.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 1989 - Philosophical Papers 18 (2):189-201.
  41.  37
    The Morality of Abstract Entities.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 1978 - Theoria 44 (1):1-18.
  42.  10
    A Concrete View of Intrinsic Value.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 1999 - In Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen & Michael J. Zimmerman (eds.), Recent Work on Intrinsic Value. Springer. pp. 207--211.
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  43.  66
    Classical Hedonistic Utilitarianism.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 1996 - Philosophical Studies 81 (1):97 - 115.
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  44. The Relevance of Metaethics to Ethics.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 1976 - Almqvist & Wiksell International.
  45.  54
    Conservatism for Our Time.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 1990 - Routledge.
    1 THE CONSERVATIVE ATTITUDE THE HARD CORE OF THE CONSERVATIVE IDEOLOGY What is conservatism? It may seem a hopeless task to characterize a timeless concept ...
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  46.  51
    A Realist and Internalist Response to One of Mackie’s Arguments From Queerness.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (2):347-357.
    If there is such a thing as objectively existing prescriptivity, as the moral realist claims, then we can also explain why—and we need not deny that—strong internalism is true. Strong conceptual internalism is true, not because of any belief in any magnetic force thought to be inherent in moral properties themselves, as Mackie argued, but because we do not allow that anyone has ‘accepted’ a normative claim, unless she is prepared to some extent to act on it.
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  47.  37
    Responsibility and the Explanatory View of Consequences.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 1982 - Philosophical Studies 42 (2):151 - 161.
    I conclude that the explanatory view of consequences is a fruitful one.This view accounts for our common sense view that actions are, in some sense, ‘sufficient’ for their consequences. It shows in a concrete and illuminating manner that we are or may be responsible for a vast number of events no matter how ‘innocently’ our actions may be described. It allows for the fact that individuals lack responsibility for consequences of collective actions, thereby explaining a generally felt ‘double effect’ built (...)
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  48. Ethos ofElite Sport.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 2009 - In Julian Savulescu & Nick Bostrom (eds.), Human Enhancement. Oxford University Press. pp. 315.
     
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  49.  66
    Social Psychology and the Paradox of Revolution.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 2007 - South African Journal of Philosophy 26 (2):228-238.
    No. South African Journal of Philosophy Vol.26 (2) 2007:228-238.
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  50.  66
    The Morality of Clinical Research – a Case Study.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 1994 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (1):7-21.
    The paper is a record of a debate which took place between a group of clinicians and the author concerning a clinical trial of a drug supposed to postpone the time when HIV-patients develop AIDS. A problem with the trial was that on available (inconclusive) evidence it appeared that one patient out of 500 was killed by the drug. The question raised was whether, in view of this evidence, it was morally defensible to go on with the trial. The discussion (...)
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