Results for 'Torbj��rn T��nnsj��'

988 found
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  1.  1
    Against liberty.Torbj�Rn T.�Nnsj� - 1984 - Journal of Value Inquiry 18 (2):83-97.
  2.  5
    Goodness and Advice. [REVIEW]TorbjÖ T.Ä & Rn NnsjÖ - 2004 - Mind 113 (452):787-791.
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  3. Collective Omissions and Responsibility.Björn Petersson - 2008 - Philosophical Papers 37 (2):243-261.
    Sometimes it seems intuitively plausible to hold loosely structured sets of individuals morally responsible for failing to act collectively. Virginia Held, Larry May, and Torbj rn T nnsj have all drawn this conclusion from thought experiments concerning small groups, although they apply the conclusion to large-scale omissions as well. On the other hand it is commonly assumed that (collective) agency is a necessary condition for (collective) responsibility. If that is true, then how can we hold sets of people responsible for (...)
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  4.  27
    Corrected Four-Sphere Head Model for EEG Signals.Næss Solveig, Chintaluri Chaitanya, V. Ness Torbjørn, M. Dale Anders, T. Einevoll Gaute & K. Wójcik Daniel - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  5. Scientists as experts: A distinct role?Torbjørn Gundersen - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 69:52-59.
    The role of scientists as experts is crucial to public policymaking. However, the expert role is contested and unsettled in both public and scholarly discourse. In this paper, I provide a systematic account of the role of scientists as experts in policymaking by examining whether there are any normatively relevant differences between this role and the role of scientists as researchers. Two different interpretations can be given of how the two roles relate to each other. The separability view states that (...)
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  6. Trustworthy Science Advice: The Case of Policy Recommendations.Torbjørn Gundersen - 2023 - Res Publica (Onine):1-19.
    This paper examines how science advice can provide policy recommendations in a trustworthy manner. Despite their major political importance, expert recommendations are understudied in the philosophy of science and social epistemology. Matthew Bennett has recently developed a notion of what he calls recommendation trust, according to which well-placed trust in experts’ policy recommendations requires that recommendations are aligned with the interests of the trust-giver. While interest alignment might be central to some cases of public trust, this paper argues against the (...)
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  7.  26
    The Future Ethics of Artificial Intelligence in Medicine: Making Sense of Collaborative Models.Torbjørn Gundersen & Kristine Bærøe - 2022 - Science and Engineering Ethics 28 (2):1-16.
    This article examines the role of medical doctors, AI designers, and other stakeholders in making applied AI and machine learning ethically acceptable on the general premises of shared decision-making in medicine. Recent policy documents such as the EU strategy on trustworthy AI and the research literature have often suggested that AI could be made ethically acceptable by increased collaboration between developers and other stakeholders. The article articulates and examines four central alternative models of how AI can be designed and applied (...)
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  8.  74
    Value-Free yet Policy-Relevant? The Normative Views of Climate Scientists and Their Bearing on Philosophy.Torbjørn Gundersen - 2020 - Perspectives on Science 28 (1):89-118.
    The proper role of non-epistemic values such as moral, political, and social values in practices of justification of policy-relevant hypotheses has recently become one of the central questions in philosophy of science. This strand of research has yielded conceptual clarifications and significant insight into the complex and notoriously contentious issue of the proper relationship between science, non-epistemic values, and policymaking. A central part of this discussion revolves around whether scientists should aspire for the value-free ideal, according to which non-epistemic values (...)
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  9.  12
    Ethical Algorithmic Advice: Some Reasons to Pause and Think Twice.Torbjørn Gundersen & Kristine Bærøe - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (7):26-28.
    Machine learning and other forms of artificial intelligence can improve parts of clinical decision making regarding the gathering and analysis of data, the detection of disease, and the provis...
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  10.  4
    Problems with using a human-dog interaction model for human-robot interaction?Torbjørn S. Dahl - 2014 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 15 (2):190-194.
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  11.  40
    Science Advice in an Environment of Trust: Trusted, but Not Trustworthy?Torbjørn Gundersen & Cathrine Holst - 2022 - Social Epistemology 36 (5):629-640.
    This paper examines the conditions of trustworthy science advice mechanisms, in which scientists have a mandated role to inform public policymaking. Based on the literature on epistemic trust and public trust in science, we argue that possession of relevant expertise, justified moral and political considerations, as well as proper institutional design are conditions for trustworthy science advice. In order to assess these conditions further, we explore the case of temporary advisory committees in Norway. These committees exemplify a de facto trusted (...)
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  12. Stirb und Werde: The Creation of Thinking in Gilles Deleuze’s Philosophy.Torbjørn Eftestøl - 2016 - Cosmos and History 12 (1):67-86.
    What does it mean to think? In the following article I will show Gilles Deleuze’s answer to this question. According to him ’to think is to create — there is no other creation — but to create is first of all to engender ' thinking ' in thought ’. To understand what this means, to grasp the radical nature of such an event, we need to see how for Deleuze to engender thinking in thought means a repetition of that genetic (...)
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  13.  10
    Do Online Privacy Concerns Predict Selfie Behavior among Adolescents, Young Adults and Adults?Amandeep Dhir, Torbjørn Torsheim, Ståle Pallesen & Cecilie S. Andreassen - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  14.  5
    Bør leger ha reservasjonsrett ved assistert befruktning?Morten Magelssen & Torbjørn Folstad - 2011 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 2 (2):7-22.
    Omfanget av helsepersonells reservasjonsrett har nylig vært gjenstand for debatt i Norge. Vi spør om leger bør ha reservasjonsrett ved utførelse og henvisning til assistert befruktning, og drøfter argumenter for og imot ved hjelp av et rammeverk med sju kriterier for vurdering av reservasjon. Reservasjonsrettens grunnleggende dilemma er hvordan to viktige hensyn, henholdsvis pasientens rett til behandling og hensynet til helsepersonellets moralske integritet, best kan ivaretas. Det argumenteres for at leger bør ha rett til å reservere seg mot å utføre, (...)
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  15.  15
    Disclosure and Exposure of Alcohol on Social Media and Later Alcohol Use: A Large-Scale Longitudinal Study.Eilin K. Erevik, Torbjørn Torsheim, Cecilie S. Andreassen, Øystein Vedaa & Ståle Pallesen - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  16.  17
    Donald Davidson's philosophy of language: an introduction.Bjørn T. Ramberg - 1989 - New York, NY, USA: Blackwell.
    This book is an introduction to and interpretation of the philosophy of language devised by Donald Davidson over the past 25 years. The guiding intuition is that Davidson's work is best understood as an ongoing attempt to purge semantics of theoretical reifications. Seen in this light the recent attack on the notion of language itself emerges as a natural development of his Quinian scepticism towards "meanings" and his rejections of reference-based semantic theories. Linguistic understanding is, for Davidson, essentially dynamic, arising (...)
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  17. Donald Davidson: Philosophy of Language.Bjørn T. Ramberg - 1989 - New York, NY, USA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    This book is an introduction to and interpretation of the philosophy of language devised by Donald Davidson over the past 25 years. The guiding intuition is that Davidson's work is best understood as an ongoing attempt to purge semantics of theoretical reifications. Seen in this light the recent attack on the notion of language itself emerges as a natural development of his Quinian scepticism towards "meanings" and his rejections of reference-based semantic theories. Linguistic understanding is, for Davidson, essentially dynamic, arising (...)
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  18.  23
    A Cross-Lagged Study of Developmental Trajectories of Video Game Engagement, Addiction, and Mental Health.Elfrid Krossbakken, Ståle Pallesen, Rune Aune Mentzoni, Daniel Luke King, Helge Molde, Turi Reiten Finserås & Torbjørn Torsheim - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  19.  27
    Social Impact Under Severe Uncertainty: The Role of Neuroethicists at the Intersection of Neuroscience, AI, Ethics, and Policymaking.Kristine Bærøe & Torbjørn Gundersen - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (3):117-119.
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  20.  4
    Relationships between depression, anxiety, type D personality, and worry and rumination in patients with coronary heart disease.Kristoffer Tunheim, Toril Dammen, Silje Baardstu, Torbjørn Moum, John Munkhaugen & Costas Papageorgiou - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Psychological distress, including depression and anxiety, and Type-D personality are prevalent in patients with coronary heart disease and associated with poor cardiovascular outcomes. Worry and rumination may be among the core features responsible for driving psychological distress in these patients. However, the nature of associations between these constructs remains to be delineated, yet they may have implications for the assessment and treatment of CHD patients. This study aimed to explore the factorial structure and potential overlap between measures of depression, anxiety (...)
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  21.  22
    The Bergen Shopping Addiction Scale: reliability and validity of a brief screening test.Cecilie Schou Andreassen, Mark D. Griffiths, Ståle Pallesen, Robert M. Bilder, Torbjørn Torsheim & Elias Aboujaoude - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6:156663.
  22.  4
    The Relationships between Mental Health Symptoms and Gambling Behavior in the Transition from Adolescence to Emerging Adulthood.Dominic Sagoe, Ståle Pallesen, Daniel Hanss, Tony Leino, Helge Molde, Rune A. Mentzoni & Torbjørn Torsheim - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  23.  18
    Tinder Use and Romantic Relationship Formations: A Large-Scale Longitudinal Study.Eilin K. Erevik, Joakim H. Kristensen, Torbjørn Torsheim, Øystein Vedaa & Ståle Pallesen - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  24.  42
    The Development and Validation of the Bergen–Yale Sex Addiction Scale With a Large National Sample.Cecilie S. Andreassen, Ståle Pallesen, Mark D. Griffiths, Torbjørn Torsheim & Rajita Sinha - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  25.  3
    Long-Term Potentiation-Like Visual Synaptic Plasticity Is Negatively Associated With Self-Reported Symptoms of Depression and Stress in Healthy Adults.Trine Waage Rygvold, Christoffer Hatlestad-Hall, Torbjørn Elvsåshagen, Torgeir Moberget & Stein Andersson - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Long-term potentiation is one of the most extensively studied forms of neuroplasticity and is considered the strongest candidate mechanism for memory and learning. The use of event-related potentials and sensory stimulation paradigms has allowed for the translation from animal studies to non-invasive studies of LTP-like synaptic plasticity in humans. Accumulating evidence suggests that synaptic plasticity as measured by stimulus-specific response modulation is reduced in neuropsychiatric disorders such as major depressive disorder, bipolar disorders and schizophrenia, suggesting that impaired synaptic plasticity plays (...)
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  26.  40
    Interpreting Davidson.Bjørn T. Ramberg - 1993 - Dialogue 32 (3):565-.
    To approach the philosophical anthropology of Donald Davidson is to get ready for an unusually high number of laps around the hermeneutic circle. Apparently a problem-oriented philosopher, Davidson presents his views in a continuing series of dense, tightly focussed papers on narrowly circumscribed topics. The lines of the big picture are mostly implicit. Yet it is the scope and the power of this picture that has made Davidson one of the most significant philosophers of this century. Naturally, this makes Davidson's (...)
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  27.  51
    Strategies for Radical Rorty.Bjørn T. Ramberg - 1993 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 23 (sup1):223-246.
    (1993). Strategies for Radical Rorty (‘… but is it progress?’) Canadian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 23, Supplementary Volume 19: New Essays on Metaphilosophy, pp. 223-246.
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  28.  1
    Language, mind, and naturalism in analytic philosophy.Bjørn T. Ramberg - 2006 - In John R. Shook & Joseph Margolis (eds.), A Companion to Pragmatism. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 215–231.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Pragmatic Redescription versus Philosophy of Mind The Interpretive Strategy Vocabularies, Agency, and Nature The Mind, Psychology, and Nature Pragmatism and Science Pragmatism and the Naturalization of Philosophy.
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  29.  2
    Mānameyodayaḥ: Bhāṭṭa sampradāya kī eka mahatvapūrṇa racanā. Nārāyaṇabhaṭṭapāda - 2013 - Dillī: Parimala Pablikeśansa. Edited by Vijaya Rani & Nārāyaṇabhaṭṭapāda.
    Classical work on epistemology and metaphysics, according to the Mīmāṃsa school in Hindu philosophy.
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  30. Prameyaratnārṇava.Bālakr̥ṣṇa Bhaṭṭa - 1971 - Vārāṇasī,: [pramukha vitaraka Bhāratīya Vidyā Prakāśana. Edited by Kedāranātha Miśra.
     
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  31.  7
    Ought We to Sentence People to Psychiatric Treatment?TorbjÖrn T.ÄnnsjÖ - 1997 - Bioethics 11 (3-4):298-308.
    In principle, there seem to be three main ways in which society can react when people commit crimes under influence of mental illness.(1) The standard model. We excuse them. If they are dangerous they are detained in the interest of safety of the rest of the citizens.(2) The Swedish model. We hold them responsible for their criminal offence, we convict them, but we do not sentence them to jail. Instead, we sentence them to psychiatric treatment.(3) My model. We sentence them (...)
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  32.  1
    Compulsory Sterilisation in Sweden.TorbjÖrn T.ÄnnsjÖ - 2002 - Bioethics 12 (3):236-249.
    In the Fall of 1997 the leading Swedish newspaper, Dagens Nyheter, created a media hype over the Swedish policy of compulsory sterilisation that had been in operation between 1935 and 1975. In the discussion that followed the moral condemnation of our medical past was unanimous. However, the reasons for rejecting what had gone on were varied and mutually inconsistent. Three strands of criticism were common: the argument from autonomy, the argument from caution, and the argument from biological scepticism. In the (...)
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  33.  16
    T. J. Kasperbauer: Subhuman: The Moral Psychology of Human Attitudes to Animals. [REVIEW]Bjørn Kristensen - 2019 - Environmental Ethics 41 (1):93-94.
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  34.  21
    Conference on Computability, Complexity and Randomness.Verónica Becher, C. T. Chong, Rod Downey, Noam Greenberg, Antonin Kucera, Bjørn Kjos-Hanssen, Steffen Lempp, Antonio Montalbán, Jan Reimann & Stephen Simpson - 2008 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 14 (4):548-549.
  35.  6
    Adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Report High Symptom Levels of Troubled Sleep, Restless Legs, and Cataplexy.Bjørn Bjorvatn, Erlend J. Brevik, Astri J. Lundervold, Anne Halmøy, Maj-Britt Posserud, Johanne T. Instanes & Jan Haavik - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  36.  9
    A critical evaluation of the theory and practice of therapeutic touch.M. A. PhD, R. N. T. Rn, Wayne Spencer & Stephen Matthiesen Dipl-Phys PhD - 2002 - Nursing Philosophy 3 (2):163–176.
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  37.  87
    Why the tuple theory of structured propositions isn't a theory of structured propositions.Bjørn Jespersen - 2003 - Philosophia 31 (1-2):171-183.
  38. Adhyātma-sandeśa: Paṇḍitapravara Śrī Ṭodaramallajī likhita Rahasyapūrṇa ciṭṭhī upara tathā Paṃ. Śrī Banārasīdāsajī likhita Paramārtha vacanikā ane Upādānanimittanī ciṭṭhī upara Pū. Kānajīsvāmīnāṃ pravacano.Kānajī Svāmī - 1979 - Bhāvanagara: Śrī Vītarāga Sat Sāhitya Prasāraka Ṭrasṭa.
    Lectures by a Jain religious leader on Rahasyapūrṇa ciṭṭhī by Ṭodaramala, 1740-1766, and Paramārtha vacanikā and Upādānanimittanī ciṭṭhī by Banārasīdāsa, 1586-1641?, works on Jaina philosophy.
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  39. Paul John King, kiril Ivanov Simov, and bjørn Aldag.Alexander Franz, Carson T. Schütze, Jaakko Hintikka & Ahti Pietarinen - 1999 - Journal of Logic, Language, and Information 8:487-489.
     
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  40.  8
    Darwin’s Conjecture: The Search for General Principles of Social & Economic Evolution, Geoffrey M. Hodgson & Thorbjørn Knudsen. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 2010. [REVIEW]Michael T. Ghiselin - 2011 - Revue de Philosophie Économique 12 (1):143.
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  41. Sattāvihāṇaṃ tatra svopajña Hemantaprabhācūrṇisamalaṅkr̥tā Mūla Payaḍisattā (Mūlaprakr̥tisattā): pariśiṣṭopeta.Vīraśekhara Vijaya - 1987 - Piṇḍavāḍā: Bhāratīya-Prācya-Tattva-Prakāśana-Samiti.
    Work, with auto commentary on Jaina philosophy.
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  42. Rāmānujara Brahmasūtra bhāṣya: pramāṇa sāhityadondige viśiṣṭādvaitada pūrṇa paricaya. Rāmānuja - 1991 - Beṅgaḷūru: Hec. Je. Rāmayyaṅgār. Edited by HecJe Rāmayyaṅgār & Bādarāyaṇa.
    Commentary, with text, on Bādarāyaṇa's Brahmasūtra, basic work of the Vedanta school in Hindu philosophy.
     
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  43. Truth as the aim of epistemic justification.Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen - 2013 - In Timothy Chan (ed.), The Aim of Belief. Oxford University Press.
    A popular account of epistemic justification holds that justification, in essence, aims at truth. An influential objection against this account points out that it is committed to holding that only true beliefs could be justified, which most epistemologists regard as sufficient reason to reject the account. In this paper I defend the view that epistemic justification aims at truth, not by denying that it is committed to epistemic justification being factive, but by showing that, when we focus on the relevant (...)
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  44. Tradisjon og fornyelse.Asbjørn Aarnes (ed.) - 1959 - Oslo,: Aschehoug.
    En skumrand (poem) av A. Larsen.--Platons øyeblikks-filosofi eller Dialogen Parmenides' 3. hypotese, av E.A. Wyller.--Gresk og israelittisk historiesyn, av T. Boman.--Lukrets, dikter og filosof, av E. Skard.--Amor og Psyche, elskoven og sjelen, av H.P. L'Orange.--Augustins liv og lære, av P. Dietrichson.--Thomas Aquinas' syn på naturvitenskapene, av D. Føllesdal.--Mester Eckehart, av A. Brynildsen.--Renessanse-humanistene og "humanitas," av P. Svendsen.--Striden mellom de gamle og de nye, av A. Aarnes.--Harmonitanken i Schillers filosofiske avhandlinger, av O. Koppang.--Grunntrekk i Wilhelm von Humboldts sprogfilosofi, av I. Dal.--Noen (...)
     
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  45.  5
    Metaphysik im Barockscotismus. Untersuchungen zum Metaphysikwerk des Bartholomaeus Mastrius. Mit Dokumentation der Metaphysik in der scotistischen Tradition ca. 1620-1750.Claus Asbjørn Andersen - 2016 - Amsterdam, Niederlande: John Benjamins.
    Die Philosophie des Barockscotismus war einerseits durch die rückwärtsgewandte Anknüpfung an den mittelalterlichen Denker Johannes Duns Scotus, andererseits durch die Anknüpfung an die Entwicklung in der zeitgenössischen Scholastik, vor allem der Jesuitenscholastik, geprägt. Welche Art von Metaphysik hat diese besondere philosophiehistorische Konstellation hervorgebracht? Um diese Frage zu beantworten, analysiert die vorliegende Arbeit das Metaphysikwerk des wichtigsten Repräsentanten des frühneuzeitlichen Scotismus, Bartholomaeus Mastrius (1602-1673); sie erschließt außerdem eine Vielzahl von kaum bis gar nicht erforschten Metaphysikwerken aus der Franziskanerscholastik des 17. und (...)
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  46. Metaphysics: 5 Questions.Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen (ed.) - 2010 - Automatic Press.
    Metaphysics: 5 Questions is a collection of short interviews based on 5 questions presented to some of the most influential and prominent philosophers in the field. We hear their views on metaphysics, the aim, the scope, the future direction of research and how their work fits in these respects. Interviews with Lynne Rudder Baker, Helen Beebee, Thomas Hofweber, Hugh Mellor, Peter Menzies, Stephen Mumford, Daniel Nolan, Eric T.Olson, L. A. Paul, Lorenz B. Puntel, Gonzalo Rodriguez-Pereyra, Gideon Rosen, Jonathan Schaffer, Peter (...)
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  47.  7
    Kierkegaard’s Journals and Notebooks, Volume 11: Part 1, Loose Papers, 1830–1843: edited by Niels Jorgen Cappelørn, Alastair Hannay, Bruce H. Kirmmse, David D. Possen, Joel D. Rasmussen, and Vanessa Rumble, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 2019, xliii + 657 pp., $85.00/£55.00.Tom Grimwood - 2021 - The European Legacy 26 (7-8):853-854.
    With this first part of the eleventh volume, Bruce Kirmmse et al.’s monumental task of translating Søren Kierkegaard’s journals and notebooks begins to draw to a close. The journals and notebooks t...
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  48.  10
    Is information theory, or the assumptions that surround it, holding back neuroscience?Lee de-Wit, Vebjørn Ekroll, Dietrich Samuel Schwarzkopf & Johan Wagemans - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    The challenges raised in this article are not with information theory per se, but the assumptions surrounding it. Neuroscience isn't sufficiently critical about the appropriate ‘receiver’ or ‘channel’, focuses on decoding ‘parts’, and often relies on a flawed ‘veridicality’ assumption. If these problematic assumptions were questioned, information theory could be better directed to help us understand how the brain works.
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    Revisiting completeness for the Kn modal logics: a new proof.T. Nicholson, R. Jennings & D. Sarenac - 2000 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 8 (1):101-105.
    Apostoli and Brown have shown that the class of formulae valid with respect to the class of -ary relational frames is completely axiomatized by Kn: an n-place aggregative system which adjoins [RM], [RN], and a complete axiomatization of propositional logic, with [Kn]:□α1 ∧...∧□αn+1 → □2/ is the disjunction of all pairwise conjunctions αi∧αj )).Their proof exploits the chromatic indices of n-uncolourable hypergraphs, or n-traces. Here, we use the notion of the χ-product of a family of sets to formulate an alternative (...)
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  50. What brains won't tell us about the mind: A critique of the neurobiological argument against representational nativism.Richard Samuels - 1998 - Mind and Language 13 (4):548-570.
    In their recent and influential book Rethinking Innateness, Jeffrey Elman and his co‐authors argue that evidence from neurobiology provides us with grounds to reject representational nativism (RN). I argue that Elman et al.’s argument fails because it makes a series of unwarranted assumptions about RN and about the extent to which neurobiological data constrain claims about the innateness of mental rep‐resentations. Moreover, I briefly discuss how we ought to understand RN and argue that on two prima facie plausible approaches, far (...)
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