Results for 'Tore ��gaard'

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  1. Paths to Triviality.Tore Øgaard - 2016 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 45 (3):237-276.
    This paper presents a range of new triviality proofs pertaining to naïve truth theory formulated in paraconsistent relevant logics. It is shown that excluded middle together with various permutation principles such as A → (B → C)⊩B → (A → C) trivialize naïve truth theory. The paper also provides some new triviality proofs which utilize the axioms ((A → B)∧ (B → C)) → (A → C) and (A → ¬A) → ¬A, the fusion connective and the Ackermann constant. An (...)
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  2.  22
    Boolean negation and non-conservativity III: the Ackermann constant.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2021 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 29 (3):370-384.
    It is known that many relevant logics can be conservatively extended by the truth constant known as the Ackermann constant. It is also known that many relevant logics can be conservatively extended by Boolean negation. This essay, however, shows that a range of relevant logics with the Ackermann constant cannot be conservatively extended by a Boolean negation.
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  3.  27
    Boolean negation and non-conservativity I: Relevant modal logics.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2021 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 29 (3):340-362.
    Many relevant logics can be conservatively extended by Boolean negation. Mares showed, however, that E is a notable exception. Mares’ proof is by and large a rather involved model-theoretic one. This paper presents a much easier proof-theoretic proof which not only covers E but also generalizes so as to also cover relevant logics with a primitive modal operator added. It is shown that from even very weak relevant logics augmented by a weak K-ish modal operator, and up to the strong (...)
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  4.  14
    Non-Boolean classical relevant logics I.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2019 - Synthese (8):1-32.
    Relevant logics have traditionally been viewed as paraconsistent. This paper shows that this view of relevant logics is wrong. It does so by showing forth a logic which extends classical logic, yet satisfies the Entailment Theorem as well as the variable sharing property. In addition it has the same S4-type modal feature as the original relevant logic E as well as the same enthymematical deduction theorem. The variable sharing property was only ever regarded as a necessary property for a logic (...)
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  5.  15
    Boolean negation and non-conservativity II: The variable-sharing property.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2021 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 29 (3):363-369.
    Many relevant logics are conservatively extended by Boolean negation. Not all, however. This paper shows an acute form of non-conservativeness, namely that the Boolean-free fragment of the Boolean extension of a relevant logic need not always satisfy the variable-sharing property. In fact, it is shown that such an extension can in fact yield classical logic. For a vast range of relevant logic, however, it is shown that the variable-sharing property, restricted to the Boolean-free fragment, still holds for the Boolean extended (...)
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  6. From Hilbert proofs to consecutions and back.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2021 - Australasian Journal of Logic 18 (2):51-72.
    Restall set forth a "consecution" calculus in his "An Introduction to Substructural Logics." This is a natural deduction type sequent calculus where the structural rules play an important role. This paper looks at different ways of extending Restall's calculus. It is shown that Restall's weak soundness and completeness result with regards to a Hilbert calculus can be extended to a strong one so as to encompass what Restall calls proofs from assumptions. It is also shown how to extend the calculus (...)
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  7.  25
    Skolem Functions in Non-Classical Logics.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2017 - Australasian Journal of Logic 14 (1):181-225.
    This paper shows how to conservatively extend theories formulated in non-classical logics such as the Logic of Paradox, the Strong Kleene Logic and relevant logics with Skolem functions. Translations to and from the language extended by Skolem functions into the original one are presented and shown to preserve derivability. It is also shown that one may not always substitute s=f(t) and A(t, s) even though A determines the extension of a function and f is a Skolem function for A.
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  8.  25
    Non-Boolean classical relevant logics II: Classicality through truth-constants.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2021 - Synthese (3-4):1-33.
    This paper gives an account of Anderson and Belnap’s selection criteria for an adequate theory of entailment. The criteria are grouped into three categories: criteria pertaining to modality, those pertaining to relevance, and those related to expressive strength. The leitmotif of both this paper and its prequel is the relevant legitimacy of disjunctive syllogism. Relevant logics are commonly held to be paraconsistent logics. It is shown in this paper, however, that both E and R can be extended to explosive logics (...)
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  9.  16
    Farewell to Suppression-Freedom.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2020 - Logica Universalis 14 (3):297-330.
    Val Plumwood and Richard Sylvan argued from their joint paper The Semantics of First Degree Entailment and onward that the variable sharing property is but a mere consequence of a good entailment relation, indeed they viewed it as a mere negative test of adequacy of such a relation, the property itself being a rather philosophically barren concept. Such a relation is rather to be analyzed as a sufficiency relation free of any form of premise suppression. Suppression of premises, therefore, gained (...)
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  10.  37
    Substitution in relevant logics.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2019 - Review of Symbolic Logic (3):1-26.
    This essay discusses rules and semantic clauses relating to Substitution—Leibniz’s law in the conjunctive-implicational form s=t ∧ A(s) → A(t)—as these are put forward in Priest’s books "In Contradiction" and "An Introduction to Non-Classical Logic: From If to Is." The stated rules and clauses are shown to be too weak in some cases and too strong in others. New ones are presented and shown to be correct. Justification for the various rules are probed and it is argued that Substitution ought (...)
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  11. Prospects for a Naive Theory of Classes.Hartry Field, Harvey Lederman & Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2017 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 58 (4):461-506.
    The naive theory of properties states that for every condition there is a property instantiated by exactly the things which satisfy that condition. The naive theory of properties is inconsistent in classical logic, but there are many ways to obtain consistent naive theories of properties in nonclassical logics. The naive theory of classes adds to the naive theory of properties an extensionality rule or axiom, which states roughly that if two classes have exactly the same members, they are identical. In (...)
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  12.  24
    Confused Entailment.Tore Fjetland Øgaard - 2022 - Topoi 41 (1):207-219.
    Priest argued in Fusion and Confusion (Priest in Topoi 34(1):55–61, 2015a) for a new concept of logical consequence over the relevant logic B, one where premises my be “confused” together. This paper develops Priest’s idea. Whereas Priest uses a substructural proof calculus, this paper provides a Hilbert proof calculus for it. Using this it is shown that Priest’s consequence relation is weaker than the standard Hilbert consequence relation for B, but strictly stronger than Anderson and Belnap’s original relevant notion of (...)
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  13.  9
    Representation and Inference for Natural Language.Anders Søgaard - 2007 - Studia Logica 85 (3):413-418.
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  14. Time and Space in World Literature: Ibsen in and out of Sync.Tore Rem - 2019 - In Helge Jordheim & Erling Sandmo (eds.), Conceptualizing the world: an exploration across disciplines. Berghahn.
     
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  15.  21
    Book Review: Equal Recognition: The Moral Foundations of Minority Rights, by Alan Patten. [REVIEW]Sune Lægaard - 2017 - Political Theory 45 (5):734-739.
  16.  29
    Galeotti on recognition as inclusion.Sune Lægaard - 2008 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 11 (3):291-314.
    Anna Elisabetta Galeotti?s theory of ?toleration as recognition? has been criticised by Peter Jones for being conceptually incoherent, since liberal toleration presupposes a negative attitude to differences, whereas multicultural recognition requires positive affirmation hereof. The paper spells out Galeotti?s justification for recognition as a requirement of liberal justice in detail and asks in what sense the policies supported by Galeotti are policies of recognition. It is argued that Jones misrepresents Galeotti?s theory, insofar as this sense of recognition actually is compatible (...)
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  17.  32
    Tore Janson: A Concordance to the Latin Panegyrics. (Alphaomega, Reihe A, XXXVII.) Pp. x + 898. Hildesheim–New York: GeorgOlms, 1979. DM. 158.Michael Winterbottom - 1980 - The Classical Review 30 (1):142-142.
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  18. tore, 1967, pp. 371. Il titolo può far pensare ad una presentazione antologica delle poe-tiche moderne più significative in campo pittorico, Cubismo, Futurismo, Surrealismo, Costruttivismo, Neoplasticismo, Suprematismo; in realtà l'og. [REVIEW]Jorgen Claus & Il Saggia Milano - 1968 - Rivista di Estetica 13:433.
     
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  19.  38
    Normative significance of transnationalism? The case of the Danish cartoons controversy.Sune Lægaard - 2010 - Ethics and Global Politics 3 (2):101-121.
    The paper concerns the specific transnational aspects of the ‘cartoons controversy’ over the publication of 12 drawings of the Prophet Muhammad in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten. Transnationalism denotes the relationships that are not international or domestic. The paper considers whether the specifically transnational aspects of the controversy are normatively significant, that is, whether transnationalism makes a difference for the applicability or strength of normative considerations concerning publications such as the Danish cartoons. It is argued that, although some of the usual (...)
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  20.  53
    Behavioural artificial intelligence: an agenda for systematic empirical studies of artificial inference.Tore Pedersen & Christian Johansen - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (3):519-532.
    Artificial intelligence receives attention in media as well as in academe and business. In media coverage and reporting, AI is predominantly described in contrasted terms, either as the ultimate solution to all human problems or the ultimate threat to all human existence. In academe, the focus of computer scientists is on developing systems that function, whereas philosophy scholars theorize about the implications of this functionality for human life. In the interface between technology and philosophy there is, however, one imperative aspect (...)
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  21. Toward a Queer Ecofeminism.Greta Gaard - 1997 - Hypatia 12 (1):114-137.
    Although many ecofeminists acknowledge heterosexism as a problem, a systematic exploration of the potential intersections of ecofeminist and queer theories has yet to be made. By interrogating social constructions of the "natural," the various uses of Christianity as a logic of domination, and the rhetoric of colonialism, this essay finds those theoretical intersections and argues for the importance of developing a queer ecofeminism.
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  22.  60
    Transfer of Motor Learning Is More Pronounced in Proximal Compared to Distal Effectors in Upper Extremities.Tore K. Aune, Morten A. Aune, Rolf P. Ingvaldsen & Beatrix Vereijken - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  23. Jan Tore l0nning.Collective Readings Of Definite & Indefinite Noun Phrases - 1987 - In Peter Gärdenfors (ed.), Generalized Quantifiers. Reidel Publishing Company. pp. 203.
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  24.  15
    Caring About - Caring For: moral obligations and work responsibilities in intensive care nursing.Agneta Cronqvist, Töres Theorell, Tom Burns & Kim Lützén - 2004 - Nursing Ethics 11 (1):63-76.
    The aim of this study was to analyse experiences of moral concerns in intensive care nursing. The theoretical perspective of the study is based on relational ethics, also referred to as ethics of care. The participants were 36 intensive care nurses from 10 general, neonatal and thoracic intensive care units. The structural characteristics of the units were similar: a high working pace, advanced technology, budget restrictions, recent reorganization, and shortage of experienced nurses. The data consisted of the participants’ examples of (...)
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  25.  40
    Felt presence: Paranoid delusion or hallucinatory social imagery?☆.Tore Nielsen - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):975-983.
    Cheyne and Girard characterize felt presence during sleep paralysis attacks as a pre-hallucinatory expression of a threat-activated vigilance system. While their results may be consistent with this interpretation, they are nonetheless correlational and do not address a parsimonious alternative explanation. This alternative stipulates that FP is a purely spatial, hallucinatory form of a common cognitive phenomenon—social imagery—that is often, but not necessarily, linked with threat and fear and that may induce distress among susceptible individuals. The occurrence of both fearful and (...)
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  26. The Mercator-Hondius Atlas at the Donner Institute.Tore Ahlbäck - 2016 - Approaching Religion 6 (1):6-7.
    This introduction describes the background and reasons why the Mercator-Hondius atlas analysed in this issue became part of the library collection of the Donner Institute.
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  27.  43
    Intentional action and pure causality: A critical discussion of some central conceptual distinctions in the work of Jon Elster.Tore Sandven - 1995 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 25 (3):286-317.
    This article discusses fundamental problems in "rational choice theory," as outlined by Jon Elster. Elster's discussion of why institutions may not be said to act shows his fundamental presupposition that only "monolithic," unitary entities are capable of action. This is, for him, a reason why only individual human beings may be said to act. Furthermore, human beings may be said to act only insofar as they "maximize" on the basis of a unitary, complete, consistent "preference structure." All action that is (...)
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  28. Risk, responsibility and conscience.Tore Bakken - 2009 - In Christina Garsten & Tor Hernes (eds.), Ethical Dilemmas in Management. Routledge.
     
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  29.  12
    Relative Age Effects and Gender Differences in the National Test of Numeracy: A Population Study of Norwegian Children.Tore K. Aune, Rolf P. Ingvaldsen, Ole P. Vestheim, Ottar Bjerkeset & Terje Dalen - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  30.  1
    Why and How Should the European Union Defend its Values?Tore Vincents Olsen - forthcoming - Res Publica:1-20.
    This article provides a normative framework for evaluating the moral permissibility of various defences of European Union values against their violation in EU member states. This requires, first, a coherent interpretation of EU values as the values of liberal democracy; second, a clear notion of when they are violated; third, a theory of how liberal democracy can be defended with measures that are consistent with the values of liberal democracy themselves; and, finally, a discussion of what the EU’s role is (...)
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  31.  18
    Tore Frängsmyr . Science in Sweden: the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 1739–1989. Canton, Mass: Science History Publications, 1989. Pp. viii + 291. ISBN 0-88135-092-3. $45.00. [REVIEW]David Knight - 1990 - British Journal for the History of Science 23 (3):380-380.
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  32.  7
    Understanding models understanding language.Anders Søgaard - 2022 - Synthese 200 (6):1-16.
    Landgrebe and Smith :2061–2081, 2021) present an unflattering diagnosis of recent advances in what they call language-centric artificial intelligence—perhaps more widely known as natural language processing: The models that are currently employed do not have sufficient expressivity, will not generalize, and are fundamentally unable to induce linguistic semantics, they say. The diagnosis is mainly derived from an analysis of the widely used Transformer architecture. Here I address a number of misunderstandings in their analysis, and present what I take to be (...)
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  33. Partiality, Truth and Persistence.Tore Langholm - 1987 - Dissertation, Stanford University
    In recent years, semantical partiality has emerged as an important explanatory concept in philosophical logic as well as in the study of natural language semantics. Despite the many applications, however, a number of mathematically intriguing questions associated with this concept have received only very limited attention. ;The present dissertation aims to present a systematic study of certain types of partiality in the area of basic model theory. Two types of issues are given special attention: Introducing partially defined models, there are (...)
     
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  34.  22
    Contextualism in Normative Political Theory and the Problem of Critical Distance.Sune Lægaard - 2019 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 22 (4):953-970.
    Political theory is contextualist when factual claims about context are part of the justification of normative political judgments. There are different kinds of contextualism depending on whether context is relevant for the formulation and justification of political principles, whether principles themselves are contextually specific, or whether context is only relevant for the application of principles. An important challenge to contextualism is the problem of critical distance: how can theories ensure a critical perspective if facts about the context to be evaluated (...)
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  35.  17
    John Edwards, Challenges in the Social Life of Language.New York: Palgrave Macmillan 2011, 281 pp. [REVIEW]Tore Kristiansen - 2015 - Pragmatics and Society 6 (3):465-468.
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  36.  6
    Ejection for Democracy Protection: On the Expulsion of EU Member States.Tore Vincents Olsen - forthcoming - Res Publica:1-10.
    This article argues against the idea that European Union member states that have turned autocratic should be ejected from the EU to ensure that the latter does not itself violate the principle of democracy identified with the all subjected principle. First, the ASP requires that MSs be democratic before a decision to eject them would be acceptable and at that point, there is no reason to eject them. Second, if EU membership is voluntary as the protagonist of the above idea (...)
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  37.  8
    They Tore God Limb From Limb.Katlyn Kichko - 2019 - Constellations (University of Alberta Student Journal) 10 (2).
    This paper interacts specifically with two separate texts, that is Michel de Certeau’s The Possession at Loudun and Carlo Ginzburg’s The Cheese and the Worms: The Cosmos of a Sixteenth Century Miller. Both of these texts present a narrative of religious turmoil, demonic possessions and a heretical Inquisition, respectively, and the events which surround a single religious dissenter. Examining the two heretical men presented within these texts in comparison allows for an understanding of Catholic Church dogma during the age of (...)
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  38. Coming to term with tradition.Tore Lindholm - 1985 - In Helge Hoibraaten & Ingemund Gullvåg (eds.), Essays in Pragmatic Philosophy. Distributed World-Wide Excluding Scandinavia by Oxford University Press. pp. 103.
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  39.  59
    A review of mentation in Rem and NRem sleep: “Covert” Rem sleep as a possible reconciliation of two opposing models. [REVIEW]Tore A. Nielsen - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):851-866.
    Numerous studies have replicated the finding of mentation in both rapid eye movement (REM) and nonrapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. However, two different theoretical models have been proposed to account for this finding: (1) a one-generator model, in which mentation is generated by a single set of processes regardless of physiological differences between REM and NREM sleep; and (2) a two-generator model, in which qualitatively different generators produce cognitive activity in the two states. First, research is reviewed demonstrating conclusively that (...)
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  40.  11
    Tore Frängsmyr.J. L. Heilbron - 2018 - Isis 109 (2):356-359.
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  41. Ecofeminism: Toward Global Justice and Planetary Health.Greta Gaard & Lori Gruen - unknown - Society and Nature 2 (1):1-35.
  42.  17
    Tore C. Olsson: Agrarian crossings: reformers and the remaking of the US and Mexican countryside: Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 2017, 296 pp, ISBN 978-0-691-16520-2.Kelsey Ryan-Simkins - 2020 - Agriculture and Human Values 37 (2):509-510.
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  43. Adivasier, maoister og Arundhati Roy – Et riss av en indisk diskusjon.Tore Linné Eriksen - 2013 - Agora (History Teachers' Association of Victoria) 30 (4):5-32.
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  44. Frantz Fanon: Hvor kommer de gode teoriene fra? - Om frigjøringskamp, radikal empati, revolusjonær humanisme og avkolonisering av samfunnsteorier.Tore Linné Eriksen - 2017 - Agora (History Teachers' Association of Victoria) 35 (1):6-68.
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  45. Fotnoter og ømme tær.Tore Linné Eriksen - 2018 - Agora (History Teachers' Association of Victoria) 35 (2-3):287-289.
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  46. Hegel i Norden.Tore Eriksen - 2018 - Slagmark - Tidsskrift for Idéhistorie 7:130-133.
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  47. Om produksjonsmåter og tenkemåter.Tore Linné Eriksen - 2011 - Agora (History Teachers' Association of Victoria) 29 (1):186-208.
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  48.  38
    La legitimidad transcultural de los derechos humanos universales: una justificación plural por encima de las barreras normativas.Tore Lindholm - 2007 - Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez 41:107-132.
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  49.  10
    Tore Frängsmyr . Solomon's House Revisited: The Organization and Institutionalization of Science. Canton, Mass.: Science History Publications , 1990. Pp. xiii + 350. ISBN 0-88135-066-4. $49.50 , $54.00. [REVIEW]Marie Boas Hall - 1992 - British Journal for the History of Science 25 (2):291-292.
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  50.  9
    Tore Frängsmyr , Linnaeus: The Man and His Work. Nantucket: Science History Publications, 1994. Pp. xiv + 206. ISBN 0-88135-154-7. $14.95. [REVIEW]E. C. Spary - 1995 - British Journal for the History of Science 28 (2):237-238.
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