Results for 'Totalitarianism'

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  1.  29
    Totalitarianism and the Problem of Soviet Art Evaluation: The Lithuanian Case.Skaidra Trilupaityte - 2007 - Studies in East European Thought 59 (4):261-280.
    By taking into account dissident/political and art historical interpretations of Soviet art, I analyze how polemics about totalitarianism in the West, which generally corresponded with Cold War debates and Eastern European dissident thought, shaped the post-Soviet evaluations of national artistic legacies. It is argued that the political relationship with the totalitarian past, like in many post-socialist areas where the immediate past was subjected to radical re-evaluation, affected Lithuanian artists’ and critics’ attitude towards local Soviet art. Because of an obvious (...)
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  2.  14
    Debating Totalitarianism: An Exchange of Letters Between Hannah Arendt and Eric Voegelin.Peter Baehr & Gordon C. Wells - 2012 - History and Theory 51 (3):364-380.
    In 1952, Waldemar Gurian, founding editor of The Review of Politics, commissioned Eric Voegelin, then a professor of political science at Louisiana State University, to review Hannah Arendt’s recently published The Origins of Totalitarianism . She was given the right to reply; Voegelin would furnish a concluding note. Preceding this dialogue, Voegelin wrote a letter to Arendt anticipating aspects of his review; she responded in kind. Arendt’s letter to Voegelin on totalitarianism, written in German, has never appeared in (...)
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  3.  22
    Hannah Arendt, Totalitarianism, and the Social Sciences.Peter Baehr - 2010 - Stanford University Press.
    A study of Hannah Arendt's indictment of social science, approaches to totalitarianism (Bolshevism and National Socialism), and of the robust responses of her ...
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  4. Arendt and the Modern State: Variations on Hegel in The Origins of Totalitarianism.Roy T. Tsao - 2004 - Review of Politics 66 (1):61-93.
  5.  26
    The Totalitarianism of Therapeutic Philosophy: Reading Wittgenstein Through Critical Theory.Matthew Crippen - 2007 - Essays in Philosophy 8 (1):3.
    [Excerpted From Editor's Introduction] Matthew Crippen takes this up in a Marcusian critique of Wittgenstein that attends, among other things, to the place of silence in that discourse. Referring to Horkheimer’s citation of the Latin aphorism that silence is consent, Crippen is critical of Wittgenstein’s admonition that we must pass over in silence those matters of which we cannot speak. This raises fascinating questions for critical theory that Crippen explores particularly with reference to Marcuse’s concept of one-dimensionality. To the extent (...)
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  6.  2
    Between Totalitarianism and Postmodernity: A Thesis Eleven Reader.Peter Beilharz, Gillian Robinson & John Rundell (eds.) - 1992 - MIT Press.
    These thirteen articles provide theoretical and historically informed analyses of thepowerful currents that are shaping the late twentieth-century political and culturallandscape.
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  7. From Absolutism to Totalitarianism: Carl Schmitt on Thomas Hobbes.Gershon Weiler - 1994 - Hollowbrook.
  8. Totalitarianism and Liberty: Hannah Arendt in the 21st Century.Gerhard Besier, Katarzyna Stokłosa & Andrew C. Wisely (eds.) - 2008 - Księgarnia Akademicka.
     
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  9. Man, God, and State: The Interrelationships of Myth, Religion, and Totalitarianism.Sumner Mac Lean - 1987 - Athabascan Academic.
     
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  10. Moments of Totalitarianism.Anson Rabinbach - 2006 - History and Theory 45 (1):72–100.
    Hope and Memory: Lessons from the Twentieth Century by Tzvetan Todorov; David Bellos The Dictators: Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia by Richard Overy Stalinism and Nazism: History and Memory Compared by Henry Rousso; Lucy B. Golsan Stalinism and Nazism: Dictatorships in Comparison by Ian Kershaw; Moshe Lewin Did Somebody Say Totalitarianism? Five Interventions in the use of a Notion by Slavoj Zizek.
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  11.  10
    The Catholic Origins of Totalitarianism Theory in Interwar Europe.James Chappel - 2011 - Modern Intellectual History 8 (3):561-590.
    Totalitarianism theory was one of the ratifying principles of the Cold War, and remains an important component of contemporary political discourse. Its origins, however, are little understood. Although widely seen as a secular product of anticommunist socialism, it was originally a theological notion, rooted in the political theory of Catholic personalism. Specifically, totalitarianism theory was forged by Catholic intellectuals in the mid-1930s, responding to Carl Schmitt's turn to the in 1931. In this essay I explore the notion's formation (...)
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  12. The Hidden Violence of Totalitarianism: The Loss of the Groundwork of the World.Anne-Marie Roviello - 2007 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 74 (3):923-930.
    In the Origins of Totalitarianism, Hannah Arendt makes the unexpected statement that totalitarian violence "is expressed much more frighteningly in the organization of its followers than in the physical liquidation of its opponents." Of course, her intention is not to deny the radical physical violence of totalitarianism but rather to understand the distinctive features of totalitarian terror. In order to fully understand the importance of what Arendt is describing, we should compare this first moment of the analysis with (...)
     
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  13.  13
    Totalitarianism as a Non-State On Hannah Arendt's Debt to Franz Neumann.Vicky Iakovou - 2009 - European Journal of Political Theory 8 (4):429-447.
    The objective of this article is to show that Hannah Arendt’s understanding of totalitarianism is indebted to the analysis of National Socialism elaborated by Franz Neumann in Behemoth: The Structure and Practice of National Socialism . It is argued that Arendt adopted the central thesis of Neumann according to which Nazi Germany is a ‘non-state’ and that this thesis as well as its presuppositions are discernible in her overall approach, developed in The Origins of Totalitarianism.
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  14.  24
    Modernity and Communism: Zygmunt Bauman and the Other Totalitarianism.Peter Beilharz - 2002 - Thesis Eleven 70 (1):88-99.
    Bauman's work can be understood as a critical theory, but its east European context needs to be established alongside the west European sensibilities of the Frankfurt School. The question of Soviet modernity and the status of the Polish experience of which Bauman was part need to be placed alongside the more famous critique of the Holocaust, which can be more readily aligned with Horkheimer and Adorno's views in Dialectic of Enlightenment. To this end, some of Bauman's essays and arguments on (...)
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  15.  13
    Hannah Arendt's The Origins of Totalitarianism in its Original Context.Alfons Söllner - 2004 - European Journal of Political Theory 3 (2):219-238.
    The objective of this article is to contribute to an understanding of Hannah Arendt’s special place in present-day political theory by means of a contrast between her Origins of Totalitarianism and four important political science studies of National Socialism and totalitarianism, three written by authors who shared the status of involuntary emigrant with Arendt, that are offered as constituting the original context of her work. A critical appreciation of the seminal works by Ernst Fraenkel, Franz L. Neumann, Sigmund (...)
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  16.  28
    Theories of Totalitarianism and Modern Dictatorships: A Tentative Approach.Sigrid Meuschel - 2000 - Thesis Eleven 61 (1):87-98.
    This essay discusses totalitarian theories with regard to their capacity to interpret in a normatively plausible way such different dictatorships as Nazism, Stalinism and post-Stalinism. In contrast to theoretical approaches which subsume all these regimes under a single concept (totalitarianism as total control), it argues in favor of discerning terror and ideology as main characteristics (totalitarianism as extermination). The focus on National Socialism and Stalinism needs further differentiation. Theories of bureaucratic structures and charismatic domination may help in distinguishing (...)
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  17.  56
    Act Without Denial: Slavoj Žižek on Totalitarianism, Revolution and Political Act.De Kesel Marc - 2004 - Studies in East European Thought 56 (4):299-334.
    iek's thinking departs from the Lacanian claim that we live in a symbolic order, not a real world, and that the Real is what we desire, but can never know or grasp. There is a fundamental virtuality of reality that points to the lie in every truth-claim, and there are two ways of dealing with this:repression and denial. An ideology, a system or a regime becomes totalitarian when it denies the virtual character of both its world and its subject (democracy (...)
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  18.  9
    Another Origin of Totalitarianism: Arendt on the Loneliness of Liberal Citizens.Jennifer Gaffney - 2016 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 47 (1):1-17.
    ABSTRACTThis paper examines Hannah Arendt's notion of citizenship with reference to her account of loneliness in the modern age. Whereas recent scholarship has emphasized Arendt's notion of the “right to have rights” in order to advance her conception of citizenship in the context of global democratic theory, I maintain that this discourse threatens to overshadow the depth of her critical relation to the liberal tradition. By turning to loneliness, I aim to show that Arendt's understanding of citizenship guides a prescient (...)
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  19.  17
    Traumatized Political Cultures: The After Effects of Totalitarianism in China and Russia.Lucian W. Pye - 2000 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 1 (1):113-128.
    Developments in both China and Russia are a challenge to political science, and more particularly to theories of political culture. Both countries are engaged in profound processes of transition involving the abandonment of totalitarianism and the adoption of market-based economies. It is, however, far from clear what form their political systems will eventually take. They are currently following strikingly different paths. Are the differences a reflection of their distinctive cultures? Or, are the differences more structural, a manifestation of their (...)
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  20.  9
    Totalitarianism.Eric B. Litwack - 2015
    Totalitarianism Totalitarianism is best understood as any system of political ideas that is both thoroughly dictatorial and utopian. It is an ideal type of governing notion, and as such, it cannot be realised perfectly. Faced with the brutal reality of paradigmatic cases like Stalin’s USSR and Nazi Germany, philosophers, political theorists and social scientists have … Continue reading Totalitarianism →.
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  21.  11
    Of Politics and Social Science 'Totalitarianism' in the Dialogue of David Riesman and Hannah Arendt.Peter Baehr - 2004 - European Journal of Political Theory 3 (2):191-217.
    During the late 1940s and early 1950s, David Riesman and Hannah Arendt were engaged in an animated discussion about the meaning and character of totalitarianism. Their disagreement reflected, in part, different experiences and dissonant intellectual backgrounds. Arendt abhorred the social sciences, finding them pretentious and obfuscating. Riesman, in contrast, abandoned a career in law to take up the sociological vocation, which he combined with his own heterodox brand of humanistic psychology. This article delineates the stakes of the Arendt Riesman (...)
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  22.  8
    Narratives of Totalitarianism: Nazism's Anti-Semitic Propaganda During World War II and the Holocaust.Jeffrey Herf - 2006 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 2006 (135):32-60.
    In recent decades, historians have probed the kinds of narratives that they tell in constructing the past. In the process, we have devoted too little attention to the ways that historical actors themselves translate beliefs and ideologies into narratives of events, which themselves become causal factors of great importance. In this essay, and the longer work from which it is drawn, I examine this translation as it emerged in Nazi Germany's anti-Semitic propaganda campaigns during World War II and the Holocaust. (...)
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  23.  7
    Totalitarianism "with a Human Face" A Methodological Essay.Leonid Poliakov - 1992 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 31 (3):40-50.
    We are now, after some delay, beginning actively to discuss a theme—or is it still a problem?—that has become traditional for Western sociology and political science—namely, totalitarianism. If we start from the firmly established view that construes totalitarianism as a social structure in which the state devours and exercises maximum control over all spheres of the social life of individuals, i.e., a structure based on maximum coercion , we can, it would seem, simply make concrete extrapolations of the (...)
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  24.  6
    China the Anomaly Hannah Arendt, Totalitarianism, and the Maoist Regime.Peter Baehr - 2010 - European Journal of Political Theory 9 (3):267-286.
    During the autumn of 1949, Hannah Arendt completed the manuscript of The Origins of Totalitarianism. On 1 October of the same year, the People’s Republic of China was founded under the leadership of Mao Zedong. This article documents Arendt’s claim in 1949 that the prospects of totalitarianism in China were ‘frighteningly good’, and yet her ambivalent judgment, on the eve of the Cultural Revolution, about the totalitarian character of the Maoist regime. Despite being the premier theorist of totalitarian (...)
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  25.  1
    Socialism, Antifascism and Anti-Totalitarianism: The Intellectual Dialogue Between Andrea Caffi and Nicola Chiaromonte. [REVIEW]Marco Bresciani - 2014 - History of European Ideas 40 (7):984-1003.
    This article reconstructs the personal and intellectual friendship between two cosmopolitan intellectuals: Andrea Caffi and Nicola Chiaromonte , who met while in exile in Paris in 1932. After a brief recapitulation of their previous biographies, and an overall presentation of their participation in the revolutionary antifascist group ‘Giustizia e Libertà’ in the thirties, this article provides a detailed analysis of their dialogues and disagreements in the forties and fifties on the topics of socialism and revolution, antifascism and anti-totalitarianism, utopia (...)
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  26. Psychoanalysis in the Age of Totalitarianism.Matt Ffytche & Daniel Pick (eds.) - 2016 - Routledge.
    _Psychoanalysis in the Age of Totalitarianism_ provides rich new insights into the history of political thought and clinical knowledge. In these chapters, internationally renowned historians and cultural theorists discuss landmark debates about the uses and abuses of ‘the talking cure’ and map the diverse psychologies and therapeutic practices that have featured in and against tyrannical, modern regimes. These essays show both how the Freudian movement responded to and was transformed by the rise of fascism and communism, the Second World War, (...)
     
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  27.  12
    The Political Forms of Modern Society: Bureaucracy, Democracy, Totalitarianism.David Thompson (ed.) - 1986 - MIT Press.
    Claude Lefort is one of the leading social and political theorists in France today. This anthology of his most important work published over the last four decades makes his writing widely accessible to an English-speaking audience for the first time.With exceptional skill Lefort combines the analysis of contemporary political events with a sensitivity to the history of political thought. His critical account of the development of bureaucracy and totalitarianism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe is a timely contribution (...)
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  28. The Legacies of Totalitarianism : A Theoretical Framework.Aviezer Tucker - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    The first political theory of post-Communism examines its implications for understanding liberty, rights, transitional justice, property rights, privatization, rule of law, centrally planned public institutions, and the legacies of totalitarian thought in language and discourse. The transition to post-totalitarianism was the spontaneous adjustment of the rights of the late-totalitarian elite to its interest. Post-totalitarian governments faced severe scarcity in the supply of justice. Rough justice punished the perpetrators and compensated their victims. Historical theories of property rights became radical, and (...)
     
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  29. The Three Phases of Arendt's Theory of Totalitarianism.Roy T. Tsao - 2002 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 69 (2):579-619.
  30. Reviews : Ferenc Feher and Agnes Heller, Eastern Left, Western Left : Totalitarianism, Freedom and Democracy (Polity, 1987).Peter Beilharz - 1988 - Thesis Eleven 20 (1):138-142.
  31. The Political Forms of Modern Society: Bureaucracy, Democracy, Totalitarianism.Claude Lefort - 1986 - MIT Press.
  32. On the Origins of a New Totalitarianism.Elisabeth Young-Bruehl - 2002 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 69 (2):567-578.
     
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  33. The Origins of Totalitarianism: Not History, but Politics.Richard J. Bernstein - 2002 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 69 (2):381-401.
     
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  34.  9
    Totalitarianism or Biopolitics? Concerning a Philosophical Interpretation of the Twentieth Century.Roberto Esposito - 2008 - Critical Inquiry 34 (4):633-644.
  35. International Law and Human Plurality in the Shadow of Totalitarianism: Hannah Arendt and Raphael Lemkin.Seyla Benhabib - 2009 - Constellations 16 (2):331-350.
  36. Dictatorship Before and After Totalitarianism.Andrew Arato - 2002 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 69 (2):473-503.
     
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  37. Arendt's Concept and Description of Totalitarianism.Jerome Kohn - 2002 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 69 (2):621-656.
     
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  38.  33
    Towards a Critique of the Category of Totalitarianism.Domenico Losurdo - 2004 - Historical Materialism 12 (2):25-55.
  39. Did Somebody Say Totalitarianism? Five Interventions in the Use of a Notion.Slavoj Žižek - 2003 - Science and Society 67 (2):253-256.
     
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  40. The Philosophical Stakes in Arendt's Genealogy of Totalitarianism.Jacques Taminiaux - 2002 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 69 (2):423-446.
     
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  41. The Evolution and Structure of Arendt's Theory of Totalitarianism.Roy Tsao - 2002 - Social Research 69.
     
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  42. Second Thoughts, New Beginnings: Notes on Arendt's Unmarked Itinerary From the Origins of Totalitarianism to the Human Condition.Roy T. Tsao - 2007 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 28 (1):7-27.
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  43.  61
    Review Article: Arendt and Totalitarianism: Contexts of Interpretation Richard H. King and Dan Stone (Eds) Hannah Arendt and the Uses of History: Imperialism, Nation, Race, and Genocide. New York: Berghahn Books, 2007. Peter Baehr Hannah Arendt, Totalitarianism, and the Social Sciences. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2010. [REVIEW]Dana Villa - 2011 - European Journal of Political Theory 10 (2):287-296.
  44. Plato's Totalitarianism.Christopher Cw Taylor - 1986 - Polis 5 (2):4-29.
  45.  39
    The Metaphor Under Totalitarianism.Ivan Mladenov - 1990 - Semiotics:127-133.
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  46.  54
    Spain and Totalitarianism.S. Guldescu - 1948 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 23 (2):223-234.
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  47.  41
    The Retreat of the Political in the Modern Age: Jean-Luc Nancy on Totalitarianism and Community.David Ingram - 1988 - Research in Phenomenology 18 (1):93-124.
  48.  41
    Totalitarianism and Education.Zoravko Popov - 1990 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 6 (2):3-4.
  49.  24
    The Family and the New Totalitarianism, by Michael D. O'Brien.D. J. Dooley - 1997 - The Chesterton Review 23 (4):483-488.
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  50.  16
    Totalitarianism as a Problem for the Modern Conception of Politics.M. Halberstam - 1998 - Political Theory 26 (4):459-488.
    By the fourth decade of the twentieth century... the earthly paradise had been discredited at exactly the moment when it became realizable. George OrwellThe subterranean stream of Western history has finally come to the surface and usurped the dignity of our tradition.Hannah Arendt.
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