Results for 'Transcultural medical care Moral and ethical aspects'

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  1.  52
    An Uncomfortable Refusal Pp. 15-15 HTML Version | PDF Version (78k) Subject Headings: Premature Infants -- Medical Care -- Moral and Ethical Aspects. Commentary. [REVIEW]Gary Duhon - 2008 - Hastings Center Report 38 (5):pp. 15-16.
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  2. Against Relativism: Cultural Diversity and the Search for Ethical Universals in Medicine.Ruth Macklin - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
    This book provides an analysis of the debate surrounding cultural diversity, and attempts to reconcile the seemingly opposing views of "ethical imperialism," the belief that each individual is entitled to fundamental human rights, and cultural relativism, the belief that ethics must be relative to particular cultures and societies. The author examines the role of cultural tradition, often used as a defense against critical ethical judgments. Key issues in health and medicine are explored in the context of cultural diversity: (...)
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  3.  21
    Moral Leadership in Medicine: Building Ethical Healthcare Organizations.Suzanne Shale - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Preface; Acknowledgements; 1. Why medicine needs moral leaders; 2. Creating an organizational narrative; 3. Understanding normative expectations in medical moral leadership; Prologue to chapters four and five; 4. Expressing fiduciary, bureaucratic and collegial propriety; 5. Expressing inquisitorial and restorative propriety; Epilogue to chapters four and five; 6. Understanding organizational moral narrative; 7. Moral leadership for ethical organizations; Appendix 1. How the research was done; Appendix 2. Accountability for clinical performance: individuals (...)
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  4. Abating Treatment with Critically Ill Patients: Ethical and Legal Limits to the Medical Prolongation of Life.Robert F. Weir - 1989 - Oxford University Press.
    This book offers an in-depth analysis of the wide range of issues surrounding "passive euthanasia" and "allow-to-die" decisions. The author develops a comprehensive conceptual model that is highly useful for assessing and dealing with real-life situations. He presents an informative historical overview, an evaluation of the clinical settings in which treatment abatement takes place, and an insightful discussion of relevant legal aspects. The result is a clearly articulated ethical analysis that is medically realistic, philosophically sound, and legally viable.
     
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  5.  28
    Philosophical, Ethical, and Moral Aspects of Health Care Rationing: A Review of Daniel Callahan's Setting Limits. [REVIEW]Richard Hull - manuscript
    My assigned task in today’s colloquium is to review philosophers’ perspectives on the broad question of whether health care rationing ought to target the elderly. This is a revolutionary question, particularly in a society that is so sensitive to apparent discrimination, and the question must be approached carefully if it is to be successfully dealt with. Three subordinate questions attend this one and must be addressed in the course of answering it. The first such question has to do with (...)
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  6. Drawing the Line: Life, Death, and Ethical Choices in an American Hospital.Samuel Gorovitz - 1991 - Temple University Press.
    In 1985, philosopher Samuel Gorovitz spent seven weeks at Boston's Beth Israel, one of the nation's premier teaching hospitals, where he was given free run as "Authorized Snoop and Irritant-at-Large." In Drawing the Line, he provides an intense, disturbing, and insightful account of his observations during those seven weeks. Gorovitz guides us through an operating room and intensive care units, and takes us to meetings where surgeons discuss the mishaps of the preceding week, where internists map out their approaches (...)
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  7.  46
    Autonomy and Long-Term Care.George J. Agich - 1993 - Oxford University Press.
    The realities and myths of long-term care and the challenges it poses for the ethics of autonomy are analyzed in this perceptive work. The book defends the concept of autonomy, but argues that the standard view of autonomy as non-interference and independence has only a limited applicability for long term care. The treatment of actual autonomy stresses the developmental and social nature of human persons and the priority of identification over autonomous choice. The work balances analysis of the (...)
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  8.  74
    Palliative Care Ethics: A Good Companion.Fiona Randall - 1996 - Oxford University Press.
    Palliative care is a recent branch of health care. The doctors, nurses, and other professionals involved in it took their inspiration from the medieval idea of the hospice, but have now extended their expertise to every area of health care: surgeries, nursing homes, acute wards, and the community. This has happened during a period when patients wish to take more control over their own lives and deaths, resources have become scarce, and technology has created controversial life-prolonging treatments. (...)
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  9.  44
    The Philosophy of Palliative Care: Critique and Reconstruction.Fiona Randall - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    It is a philosophy of patient care, and is therefore open to critique and evaluation.Using the Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine Third Edition as their ...
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  10.  13
    Ethical Function in Hospital Ethics Committees.Guy Lebeer (ed.) - 2002 - Ios Press.
    IOS Prexs, 2002 Introduction This book is the final project report of the BIOMED II project Ethical Function in Hospital Ethics Committees Commission,-2001 ...
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  11.  19
    When Doctors Say No: The Battleground of Medical Futility.Susan B. Rubin - 1998 - Indiana University Press.
    Who should decide? In When Doctors Say No, philosopher and bioethicist Rubin examines this controversial issue.
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  12. Ethical Issues in Death and Dying.Robert F. Weir (ed.) - 1986 - Columbia University Press.
     
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  13. Medical Ethics at Notre Dame: The J. Philip Clarke Family Lectures, 1988-1999.Margaret Monahan Hogan & David Solomon (eds.) - 2007 - [South Bend, Ind.?]The Notre Dame Center for Ethics and Culture.
     
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  14. Medical Ethics at Notre Dame: The J.Margaret Monahan Hogan & David Solomon (eds.) - 2007 - [South Bend, Ind.?]The Notre Dame Center for Ethics and Culture.
     
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  15. End-of-Life Care: Ethics and Law.Joan McCarthy (ed.) - 2011 - Cork University Press.
     
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  16. Terminating Life: Conflicting Values in Health Care.Gary E. McCuen - 1985 - Gary E. Mccuen Publications.
     
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  17. Making Medical Choices: Who is Responsible?Jane Stein - 1978 - Houghton Mifflin.
     
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  18. The Case of Terri Schiavo: Ethics, Politics, and Death in the 21st Century.Kenneth W. Goodman (ed.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    The case of Terri Schiavo, a young woman who spent 15 years in a persistent vegetative state, has emerged as a watershed in debates over end-of-life care. While many observers had thought the right to refuse medical treatment was well established, this case split a family, divided a nation, and counfounded physicians, legislators, and many of the people they treated or represented. In renewing debates over the importance of advance directives, the appropriate role of artificial hydration and nutrition, (...)
     
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  19.  46
    The Moral Development of Health Care Professionals: Rational Decisionmaking in Health Care Ethics.Bertram Bandman - 2003 - Praeger.
    A central challenge motivates this work: How, if at all, can philosophical ethics help in the moral development of health professionals?
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  20. Ethical Oversight of Learning Health Care Systems.Mildred Z. Solomon & Ann Bonham (eds.) - 2013 - Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  21. Doctors' Dilemmas: Moral Conflict and Medical Care.Samuel Gorovitz - 1982 - Oxford University Press.
    Doctor's Dilemmas, a fascinating study of the moral dilemmas confronting health professionals and patients alike, examines areas of health care where ethical conflicts often arise. Gorovitz illuminates these conflicts by clearly explaining and applying a broad range of philosophical concepts. He lays the groundwork for informed ethical decision-making and provides the general reader with a lucid overview of the complexities of medical practice. Written in accessible, conversational style and making extensive use of anecdotes, examples, and (...)
     
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  22. Just Health: Meeting Health Needs Fairly.Norman Daniels - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this book by the award-winning author of Just Healthcare, Norman Daniels develops a comprehensive theory of justice for health that answers three key questions: what is the special moral importance of health? When are health inequalities unjust? How can we meet health needs fairly when we cannot meet them all? Daniels' theory has implications for national and global health policy: can we meet health needs fairly in ageing societies? Or protect health in the workplace while respecting individual liberty? (...)
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  23.  27
    General Practice and Ethics: Uncertainty and Responsibility.Christopher Dowrick & Lucy Frith (eds.) - 1999 - Routledge.
    Explores the ethical issues faced by GPs in their everyday practice, addressing two central themes; the uncertainty of outcomes and effectiveness in general practice and the changing pattern of general practitioners' responsibilities.
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  24.  8
    Impairment and Disability: Law and Ethics at the Beginning and End of Life.Sheila McLean - 2007 - Routledge-Cavendish.
    pt. 1. Background you need. -- What is brain-compatible teaching -- The old and new of it -- When brain research is applied to the classroom everything will change -- Change can be easy -- We're not in Kansas anymore -- Where's the proof -- Tools for exploring the brain -- Ten reasons to care about brain research -- The evolution of brain models -- Be a brain-smart consumer: recognizing good research -- Action or theory: who wants to read (...)
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  25.  10
    Death or Disability?: The 'Carmentis Machine' and Decision-Making for Critically Ill Children.Dominic Wilkinson - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Death and grief in the ancient world -- Predictions and disability in Rome.
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  26.  98
    The Case of Terri Schiavo: Ethics at the End of Life.Arthur L. Caplan, James J. McCartney & Dominic A. Sisti (eds.) - 2006 - Prometheus Books.
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  27. Bioética Institucional: Problemas y Prácticas En Las Organizaciones Para El Cuidado de la Salud.Robert T. Hall - 2008 - Distribuciones Fontamara.
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  28. Richtlinien, Ethikstandards Und Kritisches Korrektiv: Eine Topographie Ethischen Nachdenkens Im Kontext der Medizin.Julia Inthorn (ed.) - 2010 - Edition Ruprecht.
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  29. Medicina Ed Etica di Fine Vita: Atti Del Convegno, Napoli, 22-24 Aprile 2004.Mario Coltorti (ed.) - 2004 - Giannini.
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  30. Ethics by Committee: A Textbook on Consultation, Organization, and Education for Hospital Ethics Committees.Hester D. Micah (ed.) - 2007 - Rowman & Littlefield.
    While tens of thousands of people across the United States serve on hospital and other healthcare ethics committees, almost no carefully prepared educational material exists for HEC members. Ethics by Committee is a one volume collection of chapters developed exclusively for this educational purpose. Experts in bioethics, clinical consultation, health law, and social psychology from across the country contribute chapters on ethics consultation, education, and policy development.
     
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  31. Hastanın Kendi Geleceğini Belirleme Hakkı.Hamide Tacir - 2011 - Xii Levha.
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  32. Si Wang Yu Yi Xue Lun Li.Ping Wang - 2005 - Wuhan da Xue Chu Ban She.
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  33.  10
    Ethical and Professional Considerations Providing Medical Evaluation and Care to Refugee Asylum Seekers.Ramin Asgary & Clyde L. Smith - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (7):3-12.
    A significant number of asylum seekers who largely survived torture live in the United States. Asylum seekers have complex social and medical problems with significant barriers to health care access. When evaluating and providing care for survivors, health providers face important challenges regarding medical ethics and professional codes. We review ethical concerns in regard to accountability, the patient?physician relationship, and moral responsibilities to offer health care irrespective of patient legal status; competing professional responsibility (...)
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  34.  3
    Care and Justice Arguments in the Ethical Reasoning of Medical Students.C. Sommer, M. Boos, E. Conradi, N. Biller-Andorno & C. Wiesemann - 2011 - Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 2 (2):9.
    Objectives: To gather empirical data on how gender and educational level influence bioethical reasoning among medical students by analyzing their use of care versus justice arguments for reconciling a bioethical dilemma. Setting: University Departments of Medical Ethics, Social and Communication Psychology in Germany. Participants: First and fifth year medical students. Design and method: Multidisciplinary, empirical, 2-segment study of ethics in action: In intrapersonal Segment 1, the students were presented with a bioethical dilemma and then administered a (...)
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  35.  16
    Response to “Neonatal Viability in the 1990s: Held Hostage by Technology” by Jonathan Muraskas Et Al. And “Giving 'Moral Distress' a Voice: Ethical Concerns Among Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Personnel” by Pam Hefferman and Steve Heilig. [REVIEW]Thomas J. Simpson - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (4):524-526.
    Muraskas et al. and Hefferman and Heilig present the painfully elusive ethical questions regarding decisionmaking in the care of the extremely low birth weight infants in the intensive care nursery. At what gestation or size do we resuscitate? Can we stop resuscitation after we have started? How much money is too much to spend? Is the distress of the parents of the ELBW infant, the anguish of their caregivers, and the moral and ethical uncertainty of (...)
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  36. Response to “Neonatal Viability in the 1990s: Held Hostage by Technology” by Jonathan Muraskas Et Al. And “Giving ‘Moral Distress’ a Voice: Ethical Concerns Among Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Personnel” by Pam Hefferman and Steve Heilig - Navigating Turbulent and Uncharted Waters.Thomas Simpson - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (4):524-526.
    Muraskas et al. and Hefferman and Heilig present the painfully elusive ethical questions regarding decisionmaking in the care of the extremely low birth weight infants in the intensive care nursery. At what gestation or size do we resuscitate? Can we stop resuscitation after we have started? How much money is too much to spend? Is the distress of the parents of the ELBW infant, the anguish of their caregivers, and the moral and ethical uncertainty of (...)
     
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  37.  19
    Bioethics and Women: Across the Life Span.Mary Briody Mahowald - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    All persons, while different from one another, have the same value: this is the author's relatively uncontroversial starting point. Her end point is not uncontroversial: an ideal of justice as human flourishing, based on each person's unique set of capabilities. Because the book's focus is women's health care, gender justice, a necessary component of justice, is central to examination of the issues. Classical pragmatists and feminist standpoint theorists are enlisted in support of a strategy by which gender justice is (...)
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  38.  2
    Psychosocial Ethical Aspects of AIDS.M. W. Ross - 1989 - Journal of Medical Ethics 15 (2):74-81.
    The psychosocial morbidity associated with HIV infection and responses to such infection may exceed morbidity associated with medical sequelae of such infection. This paper argues that negative judgements on those with HIV infection or in groups associated with such infection will cause avoidable psychological and social distress. Moral judgements made regarding HIV infection may also harm the common good by promoting conditions which may increase the spread of HIV infection. This paper examines these two lines of argument with (...)
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  39.  6
    Deciding for Others: The Ethics of Surrogate Decisionmaking.Allen E. Buchanan - 1989 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is the most comprehensive treatment available of one of the most urgent--and yet in some respects most neglected--problems in bioethics: decisionmaking for incompetents. Part I develops a general theory for making treatment and care decisions for patients who are not competent to decide for themselves. It provides an in-depth analysis of competence, articulates and defends a coherent set of principles to specify suitable surrogate decisionmakers and to guide their choices, examines the value of advance directives, and investigates (...)
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  40. Ethical and Regulatory Aspects of Clinical Research: Readings and Commentary.Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.) - 2003 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    All investigators funded by the National Institutes of Health are now required to receive training about the ethics of clinical research. Based on a course taught by the editors at NIH, Ethical and Regulatory Aspects of Clinical Research is the first book designed to help investigators meet this new requirement. The book begins with the history of human subjects research and guidelines instituted since World War II. It then covers various stages and components of the clinical trial process: (...)
     
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  41.  70
    Marginally Effective Medical Care: Ethical Analysis of Issues in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR).M. Hilberman, J. Kutner, D. Parsons & D. J. Murphy - 1997 - Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (6):361-367.
    Outcomes from cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) remain distressingly poor. Overuse of CPR is attributable to unrealistic expectations, unintended consequences of existing policies and failure to honour patient refusal of CPR. We analyzed the CPR outcomes literature using the bioethical principles of beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy and justice and developed a proposal for selective use of CPR. Beneficence supports use of CPR when most effective. Non-maleficence argues against performing CPR when the outcomes are harmful or usage inappropriate. Additionally, policies which usurp good clinical (...)
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  42. Modelling Consciousness-Dependent Expertise in Machine Medical Moral Agents.Steve Torrance & Ron Chrisley - unknown
    It is suggested that some limitations of current designs for medical AI systems stem from the failure of those designs to address issues of artificial consciousness. Consciousness would appear to play a key role in the expertise, particularly the moral expertise, of human medical agents, including, for example, autonomous weighting of options in diagnosis; planning treatment; use of imaginative creativity to generate courses of action; sensorimotor flexibility and sensitivity; empathetic and morally appropriate responsiveness; and so on. Thus, (...)
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  43.  7
    Further Exploration of the Relationship Between Medical Education and Moral Development.Donnie J. Self, DeWitt C. Baldwin & Fredric D. Wolinsky - 1996 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 5 (3):444.
    In the wake of a pilot study that indicated that the experience of medical education appears to Inhibit moral development In medical students, increased attention needs to be given to the structure of medical education and the Influence it has on medical students. Interest in ethics and moral reasoning has become widespread in many aspects of professional and public life. Society has exhibited great interest in the ethical issues confronting physicians today. Considerable (...)
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  44. Moral Entanglements: The Ancillary-Care Obligations of Medical Researchers.Henry S. Richardson - 2012 - Oup Usa.
    The philosopher Henry Richardson's short book is a defense of a position on a neglected topic in medical research ethics. Clinical research ethics has been a longstanding area of study, dating back to the aftermath of the Nazi death-camp doctors and the Tuskegee syphilis study. Most ethical regulations and institutions have developed in response to those past abuses, including the stress on obtaining informed consent from the subject. Richardson points out that that these ethical regulations do not (...)
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  45.  9
    Medical Confidentiality: Legal and Ethical Aspects in Greece.Stavroula A. Papadodima, Chara A. Spiliopoulou & Emmanouil I. Sakelliadis - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (7):397-405.
    Respect for confidentiality is firmly established in codes of ethics and law. Medical care and the patients' trust depend on the ability of the doctors to maintain confidentiality. Without a guarantee of confidentiality, many patients would want to avoid seeking medical assistance The principle of confidentiality, however, is not absolute and may be overridden by public interests. On some occasions (birth, death, infectious disease) there is a legal obligation on the part of the doctor to disclose but (...)
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  46.  11
    After Harm: Medical Error and the Ethics of Forgiveness.Nancy Berlinger - 2005 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Medical error is a leading problem of health care in the United States. Each year, more patients die as a result of medical mistakes than are killed by motor vehicle accidents, breast cancer, or AIDS. While most government and regulatory efforts are directed toward reducing and preventing errors, the actions that should follow the injury or death of a patient are still hotly debated. According to Nancy Berlinger, conversations on patient safety are missing several important components: religious (...)
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  47. Ethical Constraints and Imperatives in Medical Research.Maurice B. Visscher - 1975 - Thomas.
     
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  48.  64
    No Longer Patient: Feminist Ethics and Health Care.Susan Sherwin - 1992 - Temple University Press.
    Her careful building of positions, her unique approaches to analyzing problems, and her excellent insights make this an important work for feminists, those ...
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  49. Research on Human Subjects: Ethics, Law, and Social Policy.David N. Weisstub (ed.) - 1998 - Pergamon Press.
    There have been serious controversies in the latter part of the 20th century about the roles and functions of scientific and medical research. In whose interests are medical and biomedical experiments conducted and what are the ethical implications of experimentation on subjects unable to give competent consent? From the decades following the Second World War and calls for the global banning of medical research to the cautious return to the notion that in controlled circumstances, medical (...)
     
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  50. The Commodification of Medical and Health Care: The Moral Consequences of a Paradigm Shift From a Professional to a Market Ethic.Edmund D. Pellegrino - 1999 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (3):243 – 266.
    Commodification of health care is a central tenet of managed care as it functions in the United States. As a result, price, cost, quality, availability, and distribution of health care are increasingly left to the workings of the competitive marketplace. This essay examines the conceptual, ethical, and practical implications of commodification, particularly as it affects the healing relationship between health professionals and their patients. It concludes that health care is not a commodity, that treating it (...)
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